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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706491/early-life-exposure-to-lead-induces-cognitive-impairment-in-elder-mice-targeting-sirt1-phosphorylation-and-oxidative-alterations
#1
Lijie Zhang, Runqi Tu, Yawei Wang, Yazhen Hu, Xing Li, Xuemin Cheng, Yanyan Yin, Wenjie Li, Hui Huang
Pb is a potential risk factor for cognition, mainly mediated by enhanced oxidative stress. Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol with crucial anti-oxidative property, is recently implicated in preventing cognitive deficits in normal aging and neurodegenerative disorders. Its beneficial effects have been linked to sirtuin 1(SIRT1) activation. The aim of this work is to investigate the possible linkage between alterations in Pb-induced oxidative damage and cognitive impairment by prolonged treatment of resveratrol...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695407/nuclear-cardiology-in-china-2017
#2
Gongshun Tang
This paper provides the current state of nuclear cardiology in China and contrasts it with the state of nuclear cardiology in the United States (US). The West China Hospital and New York-Presbyterian Hospital (NYPH) were used as representative hospitals to contrast nuclear cardiology in China and the US, respectively. In 2015, there were 101 medical cyclotrons, 774 SPECT or SPECT/CT, 240 PET/CT, and 6 PET/MR cameras in China. Most (~90%) of the nuclear cardiology studies are gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), and ~10% are other types of studies including MUGA, PET/CT MPI, and viability studies...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694771/nupr1-modulates-methamphetamine-induced-dopaminergic-neuronal-apoptosis-and-autophagy-through-chop-trib3-mediated-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-signaling-pathway
#3
Xiang Xu, Enping Huang, Yunchun Tai, Xu Zhao, Xuebing Chen, Chuanxiang Chen, Rui Chen, Chao Liu, Zhoumeng Lin, Huijun Wang, Wei-Bing Xie
Methamphetamine (METH) is an illegal and widely abused psychoactive stimulant. METH exposure causes detrimental effects on multiple organ systems, primarily the nervous system, especially dopaminergic pathways, in both laboratory animals and humans. In this study, we hypothesized that Nuclear protein 1 (Nupr1/com1/p8) is involved in METH-induced neuronal apoptosis and autophagy through endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling pathway. To test this hypothesis, we measured the expression levels of Nupr1, ER stress protein markers CHOP and Trib3, apoptosis-related protein markers cleaved-caspase3 and PARP, as well as autophagy-related protein markers LC3 and Beclin-1 in brain tissues of adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, rat primary cultured neurons and the rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells) after METH exposure...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694207/cinnamon-extracts-exert-intrapancreatic-cytoprotection-against-streptozotocin-in-vivo
#4
Zuozhuang Liao, Jinni Wang, Hongdi Tan, Limei Wei
In the current study, we aimed to investigate the potential hypoglycemic bioactivity of cinnamon extracts (CES) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia in mice. In biological methods, glucose metabolic ability of all mice was evaluated by glucose tolerance testing (GTT). Blood levels of pancreas-produced insulin, glucagon, inflammation-associated interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In gene level, intrapancreatic mRNA expressions of insulin, TNF-α and nuclear-factor kappa B (NF-κB) were assayed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
July 7, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693341/effect-of-exercise-intensity-on-nrf2-signaling-in-young-men
#5
Aaron J Done, Michael J Newell, Tinna Traustadóttir
INTRODUCTION: The transcription factor Nrf2 is the master regulator of antioxidant defense. Recent data indicate a single bout of moderate-intensity stationary cycling at a constant workload upregulates Nrf2 signaling in young, but not older men; however the role of exercise intensity on Nrf2 activation has not been tested. We hypothesized that a high-intensity interval session would elicit a greater Nrf2 response than moderate aerobic exercise. METHODS: Nrf2 signaling in response to two 30-min cycling protocols (high-intensity interval and constant workload) was compared in young men (25 ±1y, n = 16)...
July 10, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688339/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-signaling-plays-a-role-in-resilience-to-stress-promoted-by-isoquinoline-in-defeated-mice
#6
Ana Paula Pesarico, Suzan G Rosa, Franciele Martini, Tales A Goulart, Gilson Zeni, Cristina Wayne Nogueira
Certain stressful life events have been associated with the onset of depression. This study aims to investigate if 7-fluoro-1,3-diphenylisoquinoline-1-amine (FDPI) is effective against social avoidance induced by social defeat stress model in mice. Furthermore, it was investigated the effects of FDPI in the mouse prefrontal cortical plasticity-related proteins and some parameters of toxicity. Adult Swiss mice were subjected to social defeat stress for 10 days. Two protocols with FDPI were carried out: 1- FDPI (25 mg/kg, intragastric) was administered to mice 24 h after the last social defeat stress episode; 2- FDPI (1-25 mg/kg, intragastric) was administered to mice once a day for 10 days concomitant with the social defeat stress...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687538/temporal-trends-of-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-22-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-academic-medical-center
#7
Hayan Jouni, J Wells Askew, Daniel J Crusan, Todd D Miller, Raymond J Gibbons
BACKGROUND: There has been a gradual decline in the prevalence of abnormal stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging studies among patients without history of coronary artery disease (CAD). The trends of SPECT studies among patients with known CAD have not been evaluated previously. METHODS AND RESULTS: We assessed the Mayo Clinic nuclear cardiology database for all stress SPECT tests performed between January 1991 and December 2012 in patients with history of CAD defined as having previous myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, and coronary artery bypass grafting...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683595/oxidative-stress-induced-cognitive-impairment-in-obesity-can-be-reversed-by-vitamin-d-administration-in-rats
#8
Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Ghazaleh Nameni, Parviz Shahabi, Mehran Megari-Abbasi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that obesity leads to cognitive impairments via several markers of oxidative stress including glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hippocampus. Increased inflammatory markers in the brain have obesity triggering effects. In the current study we aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin D on cognitive function, nuclear factor (NF)-κB, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α concentration and markers of oxidative stress in the hippocampus of high-fat diet-induced obese rats...
July 6, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683333/comparative-toxicity-of-chloro-and-bromo-nitromethanes-in-mice-based-on-a-metabolomic-method
#9
Jinbao Yin, Bing Wu, Xu-Xiang Zhang, Qiming Xian
Halonitromethanes (HNMs) as one typical class of nitrogenous disinfection byproducts have been widely found in drinking water. In vitro test found HNMs could induce higher cytotoxicity and genotoxicity than trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids. However, data on toxic effect from in vivo experiment is limited. In this study, bromonitromethane (BNM), bromochloronitromethane (BCNM) and trichloronitromethane (TCNM) were chosen as target HNMs, and exposed to mice for 30 d. Hepatic toxicity and serum metabolic profiles were determined to reveal toxic effects and mechanisms of the three HNMs...
June 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678311/regulation-of-mir-92a-on-vascular-endothelial-aging-via-mediating-nrf2-keap1-are-signal-pathway
#10
H Liu, H-Y Wu, W-Y Wang, Z-L Zhao, X-Y Liu, L-Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: Various human aging-related diseases start with vascular aging, in which the aging of vascular endothelium is the first step to cause a structural and functional deficit of vascular endothelium, leading to vascular disorders. MicroRNA (miR) participates in various processes of body development and pathological processes via mediating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. A previous study showed the correlation between cardiovascular disease and miR-92a, whose role and mechanism in vascular endothelial aging has not been reported...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670181/transient-ischemic-dilation-ratio-in-regadenoson-single-isotope-gated-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#11
Manolo Rubio, Andre Dias, Nikoloz Koshkelashvili, Jose N Codolosa, Mauricio Jalife-Bucay, Mary Rodriguez-Ziccardi, Aman M Amanullah
Single isotope 99mTc single-photon emission computed tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) is the most commonly used protocol for nuclear stress testing. Transient ischemic dilation of the left ventricle (TID) has been considered a specific marker of severe coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent publications have questioned the clinical utility of TID, specifically with regadenoson as a stressor and 4DM-SPECT software for TID analysis. These findings have not been demonstrated using other imaging packages...
July 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667127/effect-of-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-on-in-vitro-bovine-oocyte-maturation
#12
Mariela Roldán-Olarte, Veronica Maillo, Maria-Jesús Sánchez Calabuig, Paula Beltran-Breña, Dimitrios Rizos, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan
This study examines the impacts of the urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) on the in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes. Cumulus-oocyte complexes in IVM medium were treated with uPA, amiloride (an uPA inhibitor), DMSO or left untreated (control group). After 24 h of IVM, oocytes were recovered for testing or were in vitro fertilized and cultured to the blastocyst stage. The factors examined in all groups were: i) oocyte nuclear maturation (Hoëscht staining), ii) oocyte cytoplasmic maturation (cortical granules, CG, distribution assessed by LCA-FITC), iii) oocyte and cumulus cell (CC) gene expression (RT-qPCR), and iv) embryo development (cleavage rate and blastocyst yield)...
June 30, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665405/damage-tolerance-of-nuclear-graphite-at-elevated-temperatures
#13
Dong Liu, Bernd Gludovatz, Harold S Barnard, Martin Kuball, Robert O Ritchie
Nuclear-grade graphite is a critically important high-temperature structural material for current and potentially next generation of fission reactors worldwide. It is imperative to understand its damage-tolerant behaviour and to discern the mechanisms of damage evolution under in-service conditions. Here we perform in situ mechanical testing with synchrotron X-ray computed micro-tomography at temperatures between ambient and 1,000 °C on a nuclear-grade Gilsocarbon graphite. We find that both the strength and fracture toughness of this graphite are improved at elevated temperature...
June 30, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655519/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-ameliorates-testicular-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-the-induction-of-nrf2-and-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-rats
#14
Xiaokang Qi, Zhiqiang Qin, Jingyuan Tang, Peng Han, Qianwei Xing, Kunpeng Wang, Junjie Yu, Guangchen Zhou, Min Tang, Wei Wang, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on testicular ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. METHODS: A total of 24 rats were randomly divided into the following three groups: Group A (Control group, n=8), Group B (I/R group, n=8), Group C (I/R group treated with n-3 PUFAs, n=8). Histological examination was used to assess changes in testicular structure. Tissue oxidative stress biomarkers, malondialdehyde (MDA) as well as Superoxide, and antioxidant indexes, including total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC); catalase (CAT); glutathione (GSH); glutathione/glutathione disulfide ratio (GSH/GSSG); superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined...
June 24, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647496/a-comprehensive-complex-systems-approach-to-the-study-and-analysis-of-mammalian-cell-cycle-control-system-in-the-presence-of-dna-damage-stress
#15
Ali Abroudi, Sandhya Samarasinghe, Don Kulasiri
Not many models of mammalian cell cycle system exist due to its complexity. Some models are too complex and hard to understand, while some others are too simple and not comprehensive enough. Moreover, some essential aspects, such as the response of G1-S and G2-M checkpoints to DNA damage as well as the growth factor signalling, have not been investigated from a systems point of view in current mammalian cell cycle models. To address these issues, we bring a holistic perspective to cell cycle by mathematically modelling it as a complex system consisting of important sub-systems that interact with each other...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639431/decrease-in-oxidative-stress-parameters-after-post-ischaemic-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-administration-in-the-hippocampus-of-rats-exposed-to-focal-cerebral-ischaemia
#16
Jasenka Mršić-Pelčić, Kristina Pilipović, Goran Pelčić, Dinko Vitezić, Gordana Župan
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) is a multi-functional drug with antioxidant potential. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of its action are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of rhEpo on the brain infarct volume as well as on the levels of the neuronal damage, oxidative stress parameters and active caspase-3, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and haemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expressions in the hippocampi of rats exposed to the right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1 hr...
June 21, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632690/noninvasive-nuclear-spect-myocardial-blood-flow-quantitation-to-guide-management-for-coronary-artery-disease
#17
Lung-Ching Chen, Bor-Hsin Jong, Sheng-Che Lin, Chi-Tai Ku, Ing-Jou Chen, Yen-Kung Chen, Bailing Hsu
Recently, myocardial blood flow quantitation with dynamic SPECT has been validated to enhance the detection of multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and conclude equivocal SPECT myocardial perfusion study. This advance opened an important clinical application to utilize the tool in guiding CAD management for area where myocardial perfusion tracers for PET are unavailable or unaffordable. We present a clinical patient with ongoing recursive angina who underwent multiple nuclear stress tests for a sequence of CAD evaluation in 26 months and demonstrated that SPECT myocardial blood flow quantitation properly guided CAD management to warrant patient outcome...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626854/spatial-indices-of-repolarization-correlate-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-ischemia-in-patients-with-chest-pain
#18
Salah Al-Zaiti, Ervin Sejdić, Jan Nemec, Clifton Callaway, Prem Soman, Robert Lux
Mild-to-moderate ischemia does not result in ST segment elevation on the electrocardiogram (ECG), but rather non-specific changes in the T wave, which are frequently labeled as non-diagnostic for ischemia. Robust methods to quantify such T wave heterogeneity can have immediate clinical applications. We sought to evaluate the effects of spontaneous ischemia on the evolution of spatial T wave changes, based on the eigenvalues of the spatial correlation matrix of the ECG, in patients undergoing nuclear cardiac imaging for evaluating intermittent chest pain...
June 19, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626388/increasing-n-acetylaspartate-in-the-brain-during-postnatal-myelination-does-not-cause-the-cns-pathologies-of-canavan-disease
#19
Abhilash P Appu, John R Moffett, Peethambaran Arun, Sean Moran, Vikram Nambiar, Jishnu K S Krishnan, Narayanan Puthillathu, Aryan M A Namboodiri
Canavan disease is caused by mutations in the gene encoding aspartoacylase (ASPA), a deacetylase that catabolizes N-acetylaspartate (NAA). The precise involvement of elevated NAA in the pathogenesis of Canavan disease is an ongoing debate. In the present study, we tested the effects of elevated NAA in the brain during postnatal development. Mice were administered high doses of the hydrophobic methyl ester of NAA (M-NAA) twice daily starting on day 7 after birth. This treatment increased NAA levels in the brain to those observed in the brains of Nur7 mice, an established model of Canavan disease...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624598/inhibition-of-lps-induced-pro-inflammatory-responses-in-raw-264-7-macrophage-cells-by-pvp-coated-naringenin-nanoparticle-via-down-regulation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p38mapk-mediated-stress-signaling
#20
Pradeep Kumar R, Annie Abraham
BACKGROUND: Naringenin (NAR) was found to display strong pharmacological properties. Since the clinical relevance of NAR is limited by its low bioavailability, we effectively synthesized and characterized a novel PVP-coated NAR nanoparticle (NAR NP) to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of NAR. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of NAR NP on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammatory response in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. METHODS: In vitro cell culture studies of LPS stimulated RAW 264...
April 6, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
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