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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077178/ptsd-or-not-ptsd-comparing-the-proposed-icd-11-and-the-dsm-5-ptsd-criteria-among-young-survivors-of-the-2011-norway-attacks-and-their-parents
#1
G S Hafstad, S Thoresen, T Wentzel-Larsen, A Maercker, G Dyb
BACKGROUND: The conceptualization of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the upcoming International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-11 differs in many respects from the diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). The consequences of these differences for individuals and for estimation of prevalence rates are largely unknown. This study investigated the concordance of the two diagnostic systems in two separate samples at two separate waves...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073032/diabetes-mellitus-and-first-episode-mania-associated-with-cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-with-older-age-bipolar-disorder
#2
Pao-Huan Chen, Chi-Kang Chang, Shuo-Ju Chiang, Yen-Kuang Lin, Shang-Ying Tsai, Shou-Hung Huang
Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) are at high risk for developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) during aging process. However, investigations are lacking regarding the risk factors for CVDs specific to BD patients. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between CVDs and traditional risk factors in association with the characteristics of BD in older age. Totally, we recruited 124 patients with BD-I (DSM-IV) who had at least one psychiatric admission and cardiologist-confirmed CVD diagnosis (ICD-9 code 401-414) at mean age of 61...
January 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067756/alcohol-use-disorders-in-argentinian-girls-and-women-12-months-before-delivery-comparison-of-dsm-iv-dsm-5-and-icd-10-diagnostic-criteria
#3
Mariana Beatriz López, Karina Conde, Mariana Cremonte
BACKGROUND: The evidence of important problems related to prenatal alcohol exposure has faced researchers with the problem of understanding and screening alcohol use in this population. Although any alcohol use should be considered risky during pregnancy, identifying alcohol-drinking problems (ADPs) could be especially important because women with ADPs could not benefit from a simple advice of abstinence and because their offsprings are subjected to a higher risk of problems related with prenatal alcohol exposure...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976374/cognitive-therapy-as-an-early-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-addressing-preliminary-efficacy-and-mechanisms-of-action
#4
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, David Trickey, Anke Ehlers, David M Clark, Adrian Boyle, Peter Watson, Ian Goodyer, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Few efficacious early treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents exist. Previous trials have intervened within the first month post-trauma and focused on secondary prevention of later post-traumatic stress; however, considerable natural recovery may still occur up to 6-months post-trauma. No trials have addressed the early treatment of established PTSD (i.e. 2- to 6-months post-trauma). METHODS: Twenty-nine youth (8-17 years) with PTSD (according to age-appropriate DSM-IV or ICD-10 diagnostic criteria) after a single-event trauma in the previous 2-6 months were randomly allocated to Cognitive Therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD; n = 14) or waiting list (WL; n = 15) for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#5
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895198/autism-and-reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-co-occurrence-and-differentiation
#6
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Raman Baweja
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare disorders sharing social difficulties with autism. The DSM-5 and ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revsion) state that RAD/DSED should not be diagnosed in children with autism. The purpose of our study is to determine whether children can meet criteria for both autism and RAD/DSED and to identify specific symptoms discriminating the disorders...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862575/measuring-the-icd-11-adjustment-disorder-concept-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-the-adjustment-disorder-new-module-questionnaire-in-a-clinical-intervention-study
#7
Rahel Bachem, Axel Perkonigg, Dan J Stein, Andreas Maercker
Adjustment disorder (AjD) is a frequent but under-researched diagnosis due in part to a lack of specific symptom criteria and adequate tools of measurement. The ICD-11 for the first time proposes a positive symptom catalogue to define AjD. This study presents a validation of the Adjustment Disorder - New Module (ADNM), the first symptom severity measure for AjD according to the ICD-11 concept. Validity and sensitivity to change were investigated in a sample of 190 individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of AjD...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859868/preferences-of-psychiatric-practitioners-for-core-symptoms-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-hidden-conjoint-analysis
#8
Matthias W Riepe, Peter Gritzmann, Andreas Brieden
According to ICD-10 and DSM-V, symptoms of depressive disorder are considered to be equally important for severity judgment. It was the goal to investigate the weight of selected symptom complexes for severity judgment. In workaday life severity judgment results from an overall impression rather than from calculating severity in different symptom complexes, separately. In fact, the drivers for overall judgment may not be known explicitly to the psychiatrist himself. A method of choice to resolve this is conjoint analysis...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859347/commentary-the-evolving-conception-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-reflections-on-danzi-and-la-greca-2016
#9
Chris R Brewin
As first formulated in 1980, the description of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was based on people exposed to severe and repeated traumatic events. Although the conceptualisation of PTSD in successive versions of the DSM has changed, the symptom picture remains complex and there have been concerns over whether the threshold is too high. In contrast, ICD-11 proposes a simpler diagnosis based on six symptoms and a distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD. This approach may be more clinically useful and easier to employ for children in younger age groups...
December 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#10
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836200/ptsd-in-court-i-introducing-ptsd-for-court
#11
Gerald Young
The first part of the series of three articles on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Court to appear in the journal reviews the history of the construct of PTSD and its presentation in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and the ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition; World Health Organization, 2018). There are 20 symptoms of PTSD in the DSM-5. PTSD symptoms are arranged into a four-cluster model, which has received partial support in the literature...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833568/mood-instability-and-irritability-as-core-symptoms-of-major-depression-an-exploration-using-rasch-analysis
#12
Lloyd Balbuena, Rudy Bowen, Marilyn Baetz, Steven Marwaha
BACKGROUND: Mood instability (MI) and irritability are related to depression but are not considered core symptoms. Instruments typically code clusters of symptoms that are used to define syndromic depression, but the place of MI and irritability has been under-investigated. Whether they are core symptoms can be examined using Rasch analysis. METHOD: We used the UK Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2000 data (n = 8,338) to determine whether the nine ICD/DSM symptoms, plus MI and irritability, constitute a valid depression scale...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829400/is-schizophrenia-disappearing-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-diagnosis-of-functional-psychoses-an-essay
#13
Per Bergsholm
BACKGROUND: The categories of functional psychoses build on views of influential professionals. There have long been four main categories - affective, schizophrenic, schizoaffective/cycloid/reactive/polymorphic, and delusional/paranoid psychoses. The last three are included in "psychotic disorders". However, this dichotomy and the distinctions between categories may have been over-estimated and contributed to lack of progress. TEN TOPICS RELEVANT FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOSES: 1...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800284/the-standard-for-clinicians-interview-in-psychiatry-scip-a-clinician-administered-tool-with-categorical-dimensional-and-numeric-output-conceptual-development-design-and-description-of-the-scip
#14
REVIEW
Ahmed Aboraya, Henry Nasrallah, Srinivas Muvvala, Ahmed El-Missiry, Hader Mansour, Cheryl Hill, Daniel Elswick, Elizabeth C Price
Existing standardized diagnostic interviews (SDIs) were designed for researchers and produce mainly categorical diagnoses. There is an urgent need for a clinician-administered tool that produces dimensional measures, in addition to categorical diagnoses. The Standard for Clinicians' Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP) is a method of assessment of psychopathology for adults. It is designed to be administered by clinicians and includes the SCIP manual and the SCIP interview. Clinicians use the SCIP questions and rate the responses according to the SCIP manual rules...
May 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798030/the-screen-icd-trial-screening-for-anxiety-and-cognitive-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillator-icd-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Margrethe Herning, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
INTRODUCTION: Previous research shows that patients with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) have a fourfold increased mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with ICD patients without anxiety. This research supports the screening of ICD patients for anxiety with the purpose of starting relevant intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Screen-ICD consists of 3 parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient patients at two university hospitals using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), scores ≥8 are invited to participate...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788379/mother-child-bed-sharing-trajectories-and-psychiatric-disorders-at-the-age-of-6-years
#16
Iná S Santos, Aluísio Jd Barros, Fernando C Barros, Tiago N Munhoz, Bianca Del Ponte Da Silva, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of bed-sharing with the mother over the child mental health. METHODS: Population-based birth cohort conducted in Pelotas, Brazil. Children were enrolled at birth (n=4231) and followed-up at 3 months and at 1, 2, 4, and 6 years of age. Bed-sharing was defined as "habitual sharing of the bed between the child and the mother, for sleeping, for part of the night or the whole night". Trajectories of bed sharing between 3 months and 6 years of age were calculated...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776256/an-initial-psychometric-assessment-of-an-icd-11-based-measure-of-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-icd-tq-evidence-of-construct-validity
#17
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770066/refining-duration-and-frequency-thresholds-of-restless-legs-syndrome-diagnosis-criteria
#18
Maurice M Ohayon, Kanika Bagai, Laura W Roberts, Arthur S Walters, Cristina Milesi
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) using DSM-5 criteria and determines what is the most appropriate threshold for the frequency and duration of RLS symptoms. METHODS: The Sleep-EVAL knowledge base system queried the interviewed subjects on life, sleeping habits, and health. Questions on sleep and mental and organic disorders (DSM-5, ICD-10) were also asked. A representative sample of 19,136 noninstitutionalized individuals older than 18 years living in the United States was interviewed through a cross-sectional telephone survey...
December 13, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766697/development-and-feasibility-of-the-computerized-turkish-edition-of-the-composite-international-diagnostic-interview-dia-x-cidi-version-2-8-tr
#19
Demet Dingoyan, Mike Mösko, Yadigar Imamoğlu, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Uwe Koch-Gromus, Andreas Heinz, Ulrike Kluge
The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which has been widely applied in epidemiological research, is a standardized, clinically structured interview that enables the diagnosis of mental disorders based on DSM and ICD criteria. The computerized DIA-X CIDI Version 2.8 investigated in this study is an adaptation of the German DIA-X/Munich CIDI, which was translated in a multi-step process into Turkish and used to survey the prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany (N = 662)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743749/toward-a-more-evidence-based-nosology-and-nomenclature-for-female-sexual-dysfunctions-part-i
#20
REVIEW
Leonard R Derogatis, Michael Sand, Richard Balon, Raymond Rosen, Sharon J Parish
INTRODUCTION: A nomenclature is defined as a classification system for assigning names or terms in a scientific discipline. A nosology more specifically provides a scientific classification system for diseases or disorders. Historically, the nosologic system informing female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been the system developed by the American Psychiatric Association in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III through DSM-5). Experts have recognized limitations of its use in clinical practice, including concerns that the DSM-5 system does not adequately reflect the spectrum and presentation of FSD...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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