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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145545/treatment-of-alcohol-induced-psychotic-disorder-alcoholic-hallucinosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Barkat Masood, Peter Lepping, Dmitry Romanov, Rob Poole
Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of evidence based treatments for alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (AIPD) as described by ICD-10 and DSM-5, a condition that is distinct from schizophrenia and has a close relationship with alcohol withdrawal states. Method: Systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Results: Of 6205 abstracts found, fifteen studies and ten case reports met criteria and were examined. Larger studies examined the use of first-generation antipsychotic drugs, reporting full or partial remission in most patients...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143954/-why-dutch-mental-health-care-practitioners-should-have-second-thoughts-about-adopting-the-english-cluster-model
#2
T G Broekman, G M Schippers
Administrators and policymakers in the Netherlands have concluded, after considerable deliberation, that the existing Dutch diagnosis-related group (drg)-based system of diagnosis treatment combinations for funding mental health care should be replaced by the so-called English model. The details, however, need to be analysed very carefully by Dutch professional health care practitioners.<br/> AIM: To make the reader aware of the reasons why the English model should not be adopted in the Netherlands.<br/> METHOD: We describe and analyse the English cluster model and the referral instrument (the Honos, supplemented by six items) and we demonstrate how it is applied in England...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119764/-is-burnout-a-syndrome-or-an-occupational-disease-instructions-for-occupational-physicians
#3
Francesco Chirico
Since Herbert Freudenberger described Burnout Syndrome (BOS) in 1974, thousands of scientific papers have been published on this syndrome and this trend does not seem to diminish. After being internationally known as a syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment in helping professions, its construct has been criticized, questioned, and subjected to profound modifications. To date, however, in Italy and in many other Countries it is not possible to diagnose this syndrome, because World Health Organization, in its last ICD-10, did not indicate any clinical criteria to diagnose it...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107817/adjustment-disorder-a-diagnosis-whose-time-has-come
#4
REVIEW
Rahel Bachem, Patricia Casey
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder is among the most frequently diagnosed mental disorders in clinical practice although it has received little academic attention and been the subject of substantial criticism over the past decades. While those suffering with adjustment disorders are often treated by mental health professionals, research interest in the origin of the disorder or the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic and medical interventions has only recently begun to emerge. This article summarizes the empirical literature published on adjustment disorder and points out current diagnostic developments in DSM-5 and ICD-11...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039808/a-diagnosis-of-denial-how-mental-health-classification-systems-have-struggled-to-recognise-family-violence-as-a-serious-risk-factor-in-the-development-of-mental-health-issues-for-infants-children-adolescents-and-adults
#5
Wendy Bunston, Candice Franich-Ray, Sara Tatlow
Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) routinely overlook assessing for, and providing treatment to, infants and children living with family violence, despite family violence being declared endemic across the globe. As contemporary neuro-developmental research recognises the harm of being exposed to early relational trauma, key international diagnostic texts such as the DSM-5 and ICD-10 struggle to acknowledge or appreciate the relational complexities inherent in addressing family violence and its impacts during childhood...
October 17, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039752/aesthetic-diagnosis-in-gestalt-therapy
#6
Jan Roubal, Gianni Francesetti, Michela Gecele
The diagnostic process in psychotherapy using the aesthetic evaluation is described in this article. Unlike the classical diagnostic process, which presents a result of comparing clinicians´ observations with a diagnostic system (DSM, ICD, etc.), the aesthetic evaluation is a pre-reflexive, embodied, and preverbal process. A Gestalt Therapy theoretical frame is used to introduce a concept of the aesthetic diagnostic process. During this process, the clinicians use their own here-and-now presence, which takes part in the co-creation of the shared relational field during the therapeutic session...
October 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029837/a-review-of-current-evidence-regarding-the-icd-11-proposals-for-diagnosing-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd
#7
REVIEW
Chris R Brewin, Marylène Cloitre, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Andreas Maercker, Richard A Bryant, Asma Humayun, Lynne M Jones, Ashraf Kagee, Cécile Rousseau, Daya Somasundaram, Yuriko Suzuki, Simon Wessely, Mark van Ommeren, Geoffrey M Reed
The World Health Organization's proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases, scheduled for release in 2018, involve a very brief set of symptoms and a distinction between two sibling disorders, PTSD and Complex PTSD. This review of studies conducted to test the validity and implications of the diagnostic proposals generally supports the proposed 3-factor structure of PTSD symptoms, the 6-factor structure of Complex PTSD symptoms, and the distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028592/elevation-of-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-levels-in-schizophrenia-patients
#8
Li Wei, Yupeng Du, Wei Wu, Xuyan Fu, Qi Xia
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric diseases are usually accompanied by immune dysregulation and activation of the inflammatory response system. However, the characteristics of immunoinflammatory markers in psychiatric diseases are not well defined. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with psychiatric diseases were divided into four groups, including a schizophrenia group, an anxiety disorder group, a unipolar depression group, and a bipolar disorder group, according to the ICD-10 and DSM-IV codes...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977069/gender-incongruence-a-comparative-study-using-icd-10-and-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria
#9
Bianca M Soll, Rebeca Robles-García, Angelo Brandelli-Costa, Daniel Mori, Andressa Mueller, Anna M Vaitses-Fontanari, Dhiordan Cardoso-da-Silva, Karine Schwarz, Maiko Abel-Schneider, Alexandre Saadeh, Maria-Inês-Rodrigues Lobato
OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of criteria listed in the DSM-5 and ICD-10 diagnostic manuals in a Brazilian sample of transgender persons seeking health services specifically for physical transition. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study included a sample of 103 subjects who sought services for gender identity disorder in two main reference centers in Brazil. The method involved a structured interview encompassing the diagnostic criteria in the two manuals...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970298/prolonged-but-not-complicated-grief-is-a-mental-disorder
#10
EDITORIAL
Paul K Maciejewski, Holly G Prigerson
The DSM and ICD have taken steps to introduce a grief disorder as a new diagnostic entity. Evidence justifies the inclusion of prolonged grief disorder, but not complicated grief, as a new mental disorder.
October 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966601/the-lacanian-concept-of-paranoia-an-historical-perspective
#11
Thomas Lepoutre, Manoel L Madeira, Nicolas Guerin
This article seeks to reopen a major question raised by the Lacanian nosology of the psychoses, by looking closely at Lacan's formulations of what he never ceased referring to as "paranoia". While almost all classification systems of modern psychiatry, such as the ICD-10 and the DSM-5, have abandoned the specific category of paranoia, Lacan always viewed paranoia as a major category of "functional psychosis". He held that paranoia was a qualitatively different disorder than schizophrenia, and considered it to be the principal or exemplary form of psychosis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964001/-is-sexual-identity-optional-a-study-of-the-genetics-of-transsexuality
#12
Rosa M Fernández García, Eduardo Pásaro Méndez
Transsexualism in the ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision), Gender Dysphoria in adolescents and adults in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition), is characterized by a marked incongruence between one's experienced gender and biological sex. The etiology is complex, but some hypotheses suggest that Gender Dysphoria (GD) arises from discrepant cerebral and biological sexual differentiation. Increasing evidence supports the idea of genetic vulnerability...
September 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919609/psychiatric-disorders-in-drop-out-from-educational-attainment-attending-mental-health-facilities-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#13
M S Islam, M H Rashid, M N Uddin, R K Singha, M A Rahman, M A Haque, C K Saha, M F Abedin
Studies of the impact of mental disorders on educational attainment are rare. Mental disorders, those beginning in childhood or adolescence may increase the risk of early drop out from education. The latter has been shown to have adverse life-course consequences on individuals such as greater demand on social welfare entitlements. A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out at the department of Psychiatry, Comilla Medical College, Comilla, Bangladesh. All cases were selected from patients attending at Comilla Medical College Hospital and Private Mental Health Facilities in Comilla City from March 2015 to February 2016...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918863/more-haste-less-speed-a-meta-analysis-of-thinking-latencies-during-planning-in-people-with-psychosis
#14
REVIEW
Andrew J Watson, Eileen M Joyce, Andrew J B Fugard, Verity C Leeson, Thomas R E Barnes, Vyv Huddy
Cognitive impairment is a core feature of psychosis, with slowed processing speed thought to be a prominent impairment in schizophrenia and first-episode psychosis. However, findings from the Stockings of Cambridge (SOC) planning task suggest changes in processing speed associated with the illness may include faster responses in early stages of planning, though findings are inconsistent. This review uses meta-analytic methods to assess thinking times in psychosis across the available literature. Studies were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910213/the-challenge-of-transforming-the-diagnostic-system-of-personality-disorders
#15
Sabine C Herpertz, Steven K Huprich, Martin Bohus, Andrew Chanen, Marianne Goodman, Lars Mehlum, Paul Moran, Giles Newton-Howes, Lori Scott, Carla Sharp
While the DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorder (PD) diagnosis allows the field to systematically compare categorical and dimensional classifications, the ICD-11 proposal suggests a radical change by restricting the classification of PDs to one category, deleting all specific types, basing clinical service provision exclusively upon a severity dimension, and restricting trait domains to secondary qualifiers without defining cutoff points. This article reflects broad international agreement about the state of PD diagnosis...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872468/sexual-disorders-beyond-dsm-5-the-unfinished-affaire
#16
Felipe Navarro-Cremades, Chiara Simonelli, Angel L Montejo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of post-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. classifications related to human sexuality. After reviewing the literature on classification and clinical practice of sexual disorders, some of the most important contributions on main sexological classifications and frameworks were selected, especially from January 2016 till June 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: New relevant contributions on psychiatric and sexological classifications and frameworks have been proposed, such as the international classification of diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), research domain criteria, the third edition of the Diagnostic Manual in Sexology and the person-centered psychiatry perspective...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867280/interaction-between-childhood-maltreatment-on-immunogenetic-risk-in-depression-discovery-and-replication-in-clinical-case-control-samples
#17
S Cohen-Woods, H L Fisher, D Ahmetspahic, K Douroudis, D Stacey, G M Hosang, A Korszun, M Owen, N Craddock, V Arolt, U Dannowski, G Breen, I W Craig, A Farmer, B T Baune, C M Lewis, R Uher, P McGuffin
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent disorder with moderate heritability. Both MDD and interpersonal adversity, including childhood maltreatment, have been consistently associated with elevated inflammatory markers. We investigated interaction between exposure to childhood maltreatment and extensive genetic variation within the inflammation pathway (CRP, IL1b, IL-6, IL11, TNF, TNFR1, and TNFR2) in relation to depression diagnosis. The discovery RADIANT sample included 262 cases with recurrent DSM-IV/ICD-10 MDD, and 288 unaffected controls...
January 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835108/icd-11-and-dsm-5-personality-trait-domains-capture-categorical-personality-disorders-finding-a-common-ground
#18
Bo Bach, Martin Sellbom, Mathias Skjernov, Erik Simonsen
OBJECTIVE: The five personality disorder trait domains in the proposed International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition are comparable in terms of Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism/Dissociality and Disinhibition. However, the International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition model includes a separate domain of Anankastia, whereas the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition model includes an additional domain of Psychoticism...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807138/prevalence-and-predictors-of-post-stroke-mood-disorders-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-depression-anxiety-and-adjustment-disorder
#19
Alex J Mitchell, Bhavisha Sheth, John Gill, Motahare Yadegarfar, Brendon Stubbs, Mohammad Yadegarfar, Nick Meader
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence and predictors of mood disorders, determined by structured clinical interviews (ICD or DSM criteria) in people after stroke. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2016 for studies involving major depression (MDD), minor depression (MnD), dysthymia, adjustment disorder, any depressive disorder (any depressive disorder) and anxiety disorders. Studies were combined using both random and fixed effects meta-analysis and results were stratified as appropriate...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795824/exploring-the-gold-standard-evidence-for-a-two-factor-model-of-the-clinician-administered-ptsd-scale-for-the-dsm-5
#20
Joshua C Hunt, Samantha A Chesney, Terrence D Jorgensen, Nicholas R Schumann, Terri A deRoon-Cassini
OBJECTIVE: The latent factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains a source of considerable variability. The current study compared several a priori factor structures, as well as a novel 2-factor structure of posttraumatic psychological distress as measured by the Clinician Administered PTSD scale for the DSM-5 (CAPS-5). In addition, variability in diagnostic rates according to the divergent DSM-5 and ICD-11 criteria were explored. METHOD: The setting for this study was a Level 1 trauma center in a U...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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