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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425123/a-5-year-follow-up-of-a-cohort-of-italian-alcoholics-hospital-admissions-and-overall-survival
#1
Gabriele Bardazzi, Ines Zanna, Marco Ceroti, Benedetta Bendinelli, Adriana Iozzi, Saverio Caini, Gabriella Nesi, Calogero Saieva
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-use disorders (AUDs), including alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse defined according to specific DSM-IV and ICD-X criteria, can be potentially lethal, since they are associated with several medical and psychiatric conditions. This study aims to describe the causes of hospitalization of a large cohort of subjects with alcohol dependence (alcoholics) enrolled in Florence (Italy) over a 5-year follow-up period and to evaluate the effect of hospitalization on overall survival...
April 20, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364687/comorbidity-family-history-and-personality-traits-in-pathological-gamblers-compared-with-healthy-controls
#2
K Mann, T Lemenager, E Zois, S Hoffmann, H Nakovics, M Beutel, M Vogelgesang, K Wölfling, F Kiefer, M Fauth-Bühler
BACKGROUND: While DSM-5 classified pathological gambling as an addictive disorder, there is debate as to whether ICD-11 should follow suit. The debate hinges on scientific evidence such as neurobiological findings, family history of psychiatric disorders, psychiatric comorbidity, and personality variables. METHODS: In the "Baden-Württemberg Study of Pathological Gambling", we compared a group of 515 male pathological gamblers receiving treatment with 269 matched healthy controls...
December 23, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347146/complex-ptsd-a-better-description-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Jayashri Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: To consider the use of the diagnostic category 'complex post-traumatic stress disorder' (c-PTSD) as detailed in the forthcoming ICD-11 classification system as a less stigmatising, more clinically useful term, instead of the current DSM-5 defined condition of 'borderline personality disorder' (BPD). CONCLUSIONS: Trauma, in its broadest definition, plays a key role in the development of both c-PTSD and BPD. Given this current lack of differentiation between these conditions, and the high stigma faced by people with BPD, it seems reasonable to consider using the diagnostic term 'complex post-traumatic stress disorder' to decrease stigma and provide a trauma-informed approach for BPD patients...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292279/the-quality-of-severe-mental-disorder-diagnoses-in-a-national-health-registry-as-compared-to-research-diagnoses-based-on-structured-interview
#4
Ragnar Nesvåg, Erik G Jönsson, Inger Johanne Bakken, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Thomas D Bjella, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ingrid Melle, Ole A Andreassen
BACKGROUND: Utilization of diagnostic information from national patient registries rests on the quality of the registered diagnoses. We aimed to investigate the agreement and consistency of diagnoses of psychotic and bipolar disorders in the Norwegian Patient Registry (NPR) compared to structured interview-based diagnoses given as part of a clinical research project. METHODS: Diagnostic data from NPR were obtained for the period 01.01.2008-31.12.2013 for all patients who had been included in the Thematically Organized Psychosis (TOP) study between 18...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#5
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260152/the-risk-of-misdiagnosing-posture-weakness-as-hyperactivity-in-adhd-a-case-study
#6
Carsten Vogt
Difficulties in sustaining posture can present with features associated with hyperactive behaviour listed in DSM-5 and ICD-10 classifications for ADHD. Information from a system measuring motor activity during a neurocognitive test (QbTest), occupational therapist reports and Conners rating scales are compared between cases with and without posture problems. Weakness in sustaining posture results in elevated activity measures during infrared motion analysis. Strong posture on the other hand appears to mitigate activity levels...
March 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256376/-autism-an-early-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#7
F Bonnet-Brilhault
With approximately 67 million individuals affected worldwide, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder (United Nations, 2011), with a prevalence estimated to be 1/100. In France ASD affects approximately 600,000 individuals (from childhood to adulthood, half of whom are also mentally retarded), who thus have a major handicap in communication and in adapting to daily life, which leads autism to be recognized as a national public health priority. ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects several domains (i...
April 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245038/kraftig-%C3%A3-kning-av-k%C3%A3-nsdysfori-bland-barn-och-unga-tidigt-insatt-behandling-ger-betydligt-b%C3%A3-ttre-prognos
#8
Louise Frisén, Olle Söder, Per-Anders Rydelius
Dramatic increase of gender dysphoria in youth In the past decade there has been a dramatic increase in the number of young people with gender dysphoria seeking help for gender-confirming medical interventions. From a situation of no more than a few patients annually, there were almost 200 referrals of gender dysphoria to the Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital in 2016. This child and adolescent psychiatric unit has the whole country as a catchment area for patients <16 years. Gender-confirming medical interventions are regulated by a special law that sets a minimum age for legal and surgical gender reassignment to 18 years...
February 22, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230410/a-self-report-measure-for-the-icd-11-dimensional-trait-model-proposal-the-personality-inventory-for-icd-11
#9
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is a dimensional trait model for the classification of personality disorder (Tyrer, Reed, & Crawford, 2015). The ICD-11 proposal consists of 5 broad domains: negative affective, detachment, dissocial, disinhibition, and anankastic (Mulder, Horwood, Tyrer, Carter, & Joyce, 2016). Several field trials have examined this proposal, yet none has included a direct measure of the trait model. The purpose of the current study was to develop and provide initial validation for the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), a self-report measure of this proposed 5-domain maladaptive trait model...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224311/prevalence-incidence-and-sex-ratio-of-transsexualism-in-the-autonomous-region-of-madrid-spain-according-to-healthcare-demand
#10
Antonio Becerra-Fernández, José Miguel Rodríguez-Molina, Nuria Asenjo-Araque, María Jesús Lucio-Pérez, Miguel Cuchí-Alfaro, Eduardo García-Camba, Gilberto Pérez-López, Miriam Menacho-Román, María Carmen Berrocal-Sertucha, Domingo Ly-Pen, María Victorina Aguilar-Vilas
In recent years, different studies have provided estimates of the prevalence of transsexualism with very diverse results. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence, incidence, and sex ratio of transsexualism in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A total of 1234 patients who attended from 2007 to the end of 2015 in the only Gender Identity Unit (GIU) in Madrid were analyzed. Sixty-three patients were excluded for various reasons; thus, 1171 could be included: 803 male-to-female (MtF) and 368 female-to-male (FtM) transsexual patients...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210933/proposals-for-paraphilic-disorders-in-the-international-classification-of-diseases-and-related-health-problems-eleventh-revision-icd-11
#11
Richard B Krueger, Geoffrey M Reed, Michael B First, Adele Marais, Eszter Kismodi, Peer Briken
The World Health Organization is currently developing the 11th revision of the International Classifications of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), with approval of the ICD-11 by the World Health Assembly anticipated in 2018. The Working Group on the Classification of Sexual Disorders and Sexual Health (WGSDSH) was created and charged with reviewing and making recommendations for categories related to sexuality that are contained in the chapter of Mental and Behavioural Disorders in ICD-10 (World Health Organization 1992a)...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199426/-translating-hysteria-ptsd-dissociative-subtype
#12
Elena Levy Yeyati
To address the symptoms of depersonalization and derealization a specific dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder has been included in DSM-5. Depersonalization and derealization have been defined as acute and chronic symptoms of dissociative disorders since DSM-III. Dissociative disorders with chronic features are often diagnosed in North America, Canada and other European countries, but this is not the case in Argentina. Dissociative disorders have clinical and historical features that are strongly connected with hysteria...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191985/network-models-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-implications-for-icd-11
#13
Karen S Mitchell, Erika J Wolf, Michelle J Bovin, Lewina O Lee, Jonathan D Green, Raymond C Rosen, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
Recent proposals for revisions to the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria have argued that the current symptom constellation under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 is unwieldy and includes many symptoms that overlap with other disorders. The newly proposed criteria for the ICD-11 include only 6 symptoms. However, restricting the symptoms to those included in the ICD-11 has implications for PTSD diagnosis prevalence estimates, and it remains unclear whether these 6 symptoms are most strongly associated with a diagnosis of PTSD...
April 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188401/-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-psychiatric-research-as-applied-cognitive-neuroscience
#14
H Walter
BACKGROUND: Just before the official launch of the DSM-5 in 2013, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative of the National Institute of Mental Health was made public and is becoming increasingly more important in psychiatric research. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to clarify the conceptual approach of RDoC, to systematically discuss limitations, to present exemplary RDoC-based studies and to consider the relevance of the RDoC concepts for clinicians and scientists...
February 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179046/medium-and-long-term-prognostic-validity-of-competing-classification-proposals-for-the-former-somatoform-disorders
#15
S Schumacher, W Rief, K Klaus, E Brähler, R Mewes
BACKGROUND: DSM-5 introduced a fundamental revision of the category of somatoform disorders, which resulted in the new somatic symptom disorder (SSD) and related disorders. However, prognostic validity of SSD remains unclear, while other classification proposals, such as bodily distress disorder (BDD) or polysymptomatic distress disorder (PSDD), might be promising alternatives for the new ICD-11. Therefore, the comparison of the different approaches concerning long-term prognosis of disorder-relevant factors is of special interest...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173886/comparison-of-the-dsm-5-and-icd-10-panic-and-other-anxiety-disorders
#16
Borwin Bandelow
Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders and are associated with substantial healthcare costs and a high burden of disease. In this article, changes in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (the DSM-5) with respect to panic disorder/agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and selective mutism are compared with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) system.
February 8, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146612/antipsychotic-use-and-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Marjaana Koponen, Heidi Taipale, Piia Lavikainen, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Riitta Ahonen, Sirpa Hartikainen
OBJECTIVE: To study whether antipsychotic use is associated with a risk of hip fracture among individuals with Alzheimer's disease and to compare the risk according to the duration of use and the 2 most frequently used antipsychotics. METHODS: The MEDALZ (Medication and Alzheimer's disease) cohort consisted of community-dwelling Finnish persons with clinically verified diagnoses of Alzheimer's disease, including 70,718 persons newly diagnosed according to NINCDS-ADRDA and DSM-IV criteria between 2005 and 2011...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138202/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#18
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134442/alternative-models-of-disorders-of-traumatic-stress-based-on-the-new-icd-11-proposals
#19
M Shevlin, P Hyland, T Karatzias, C Fyvie, N Roberts, J I Bisson, C R Brewin, M Cloitre
OBJECTIVE: Although there is emerging evidence for the factorial validity of the distinction between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) proposed in ICD-11, such evidence has been predominantly based on using selected items from individual scales that describe these factors. We have attempted to address this gap in the literature by testing a range of alternative models of disorders of traumatic stress using a broader range of symptoms and standardized measures...
January 30, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114093/-cotard-s-syndrome-case-report-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#20
N P Moschopoulos, S Kaprinis, J Nimatoudis
The term "Cotard's syndrome" is used to describe a number of clinical features, mostly hypochondriac and nihilistic delusions, the most characteristic of which are the ideas "I am dead" and "my internal organs do not exist". Besides, anxious and depressed mood, delusions of damnation, possession and immortality, suicidal and self-mutilating behavior are included. The first description of the syndrome was made in 1880 by Cotard, who presented the case of a female patient in a lecture. He originally named it "hypochondriac delusion", and some years later "delusion of negations", while it was named "Cotard delusion" after his death...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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