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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776663/barriers-and-facilitators-to-diabetes-self-management-in-a-primary-care-setting-patient-perspectives
#1
Rahul Khairnar, Khalid M Kamal, Vincent Giannetti, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Jamie McConaha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management (DSM) is a key element in the overall management of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Identifying barriers and facilitators to DSM and addressing them is a critical step in achieving improved health outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient reported barriers and facilitators to self-management of T2DM in a primary care setting. METHODS: This cross sectional study combined patient survey data with electronic medical record (EMR) data...
May 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761488/psychological-therapies-for-treatment-resistant-depression-in-adults
#2
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Philippa Davies, Catherine J Williams, David Kessler, Glyn Lewis, Nicola Wiles
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants are a first-line treatment for adults with moderate to severe major depression. However, many people prescribed antidepressants for depression don't respond fully to such medication, and little evidence is available to inform the most appropriate 'next step' treatment for such patients, who may be referred to as having treatment-resistant depression (TRD). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance suggests that the 'next step' for those who do not respond to antidepressants may include a change in the dose or type of antidepressant medication, the addition of another medication, or the start of psychotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734827/behavioral-addictions-as-mental-disorders-to-be-or-not-to-be
#3
Nancy M Petry, Kristyn Zajac, Meredith K Ginley
Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730721/comparing-the-dsm-5-construct-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-icd-10-mixed-disorder-of-emotion-and-conduct-in-the-uk-longitudinal-assessment-of-manic-symptoms-uk-lams-study
#4
I Sagar-Ouriaghli, G Milavic, R Barton, N Heaney, F Fiori, K Lievesley, J Singh, Paramala Santosh
It is important to understand new diagnostic entities in classifications of psychopathology such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) (code F34.8) construct of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) and to compare it with possible equivalent disorders in other classificatory systems such as the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10), which has a category that superficially appears similar, that is, Mixed Disorder of Emotion and Conduct (MDEC) (code F92)...
May 5, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704416/kleptomania-or-common-theft-diagnostic-and-judicial-difficulties
#5
REVIEW
Justyna Sipowicz, Ryszard Kujawski
First descriptions of kleptomania as a mental disorder date back to the nineteenth century. For the first time, kleptomania as an accompanying symptom rather than a formal diagnosis was included in the classification of psychiatric disorders of the American Psychiatric Association DSM-I in 1952. It was included in the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 and classified under "habit and impulse disorders". Kleptomania is a serious disorder, as numerous thefts are impulsively carried out, carrying the risk of detection and consequently criminal liability...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702756/antipsychotic-free-status-in-community-dwelling-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-china-comparisons-within-and-between-rural-and-urban-areas
#6
Cai-Lan Hou, Miao-Yang Chen, Mei-Ying Cai, Zi-Lang Chen, Shou-Bin Cai, Yao-Nan Xiao, Fu-Jun Jia
OBJECTIVE: To date, no study has specifically compared antipsychotic-free patients with schizophrenia living in the community between rural and urban areas. This study examined the rural-urban differences among antipsychotic-free community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia in China. METHODS: Data on 1,365 community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia (n = 742 in a rural area and n = 623 in an urban area) with diagnoses according to DSM-IV or ICD-10 were collected by interviews during 2013-2014 and 2015-2016...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674982/delusional-themes-across-affective-and-non-affective-psychoses
#8
Angelo Picardi, Laura Fonzi, Mauro Pallagrosi, Antonella Gigantesco, Massimo Biondi
The current debate about the diagnostic significance of delusion revolves around two positions. The neurocognitive position conceives delusion as a non-specific, though polymorphic, symptom. The psychopathological position views features of delusion such as content and structure as having meaningful connections with diagnostic entities. This study aims at contributing to this debate by examining the association between delusional themes and diagnosis in a sample of 830 adult psychotic patients. All diagnoses were made by experienced psychiatrists according to DSM-IV or ICD-10 criteria, and in 348 patients were established with the SCID-I...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674773/-problems-and-perspectives-in-psychiatric-diagnosis
#9
Angelo Picardi, Martina Valentini, Massimo Biondi
Diagnosis in psychiatry is a complex and difficult issue. A great many considerations have been made about the debatable ontological status of mental disorders and the difficulties in providing flawless definitions for them. While these considerations help appreciate the subtleties and difficulties of the topic, they do not imply that mental disorders do not exist or that nosological classification is unnecessary or useless. Although classifications have some inherent flaws and limitations, they can nevertheless be useful...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672778/fear-of-progression-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-results-of-an-online-expert-survey-in-pediatric-oncology
#10
Katharina Clever, Florian Schepper, Luise Küpper, Holger Christiansen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Fear of Progression (FoP) is a commonly reported psychological strain in parents of children with cancer. This expert survey investigates how professionals in pediatric oncology estimate the burden and consequences of FoP in parents and how they assess and treat parental FoP. METHOD: N=77 professionals in pediatric oncology (members and associates of the Psychosocial Association in Paediatric Oncology and Haematology, PSAPOH) were examined in an online survey with a self-developed questionnaire...
April 19, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649137/a-phenotype-classification-of-internet-use-disorder-in-a-large-scale-high-school-study
#11
Katajun Lindenberg, Katharina Halasy, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Lutz Wartberg
Internet Use Disorder (IUD) affects numerous adolescents worldwide, and (Internet) Gaming Disorder, a specific subtype of IUD, has recently been included in DSM-5 and ICD-11. Epidemiological studies have identified prevalence rates up to 5.7% among adolescents in Germany. However, little is known about the risk development during adolescence and its association to education. The aim of this study was to: (a) identify a clinically relevant latent profile in a large-scale high-school sample; (b) estimate prevalence rates of IUD for distinct age groups and (c) investigate associations to gender and education...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627597/genetic-pathways-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-children-investigation-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-val158met-using-different-ptsd-diagnostic-models
#12
BreAnne A Danzi, Annette M La Greca
The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met polymorphism has been linked to PTSD, although findings have been inconsistent. Recently, different diagnostic criteria for PTSD have been introduced by ICD-11 and DSM-5, including separate criteria for adults and for young children (i.e., the preschool criteria). The preschool criteria may be applicable to older children as well. This study is the first to examine COMT associations with depression and PTSD, using new diagnostic models, in school-age children (7-11 years) exposed to a natural disaster...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626664/misperceptions-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-persist-poor-methods-and-unsupported-conclusions
#13
REVIEW
Brian Allen
Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is an often discussed, but misunderstood, diagnostic presentation. A growing body of well-designed prospective studies is providing a wealth of information about the condition; however, misconceptions of RAD abound in both clinical and research arenas. As such, it can be difficult for reviewers to critically evaluate papers pertaining to RAD that are submitted to academic journals and even more difficult for practicing clinicians operating under the time constraints of community-based practice...
April 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621821/-schizophrenia-and-other-primary-psychotic-disorders-in-icd-11
#14
Jürgen Zielasek, Wolfgang Gaebel
In the development of the International Classsification of Disorders (ICD-11), the World Health Organisation (WHO) has used a systematic approach with a focus on the utility of the revised classification criteria. For all major groups of mental and behavioural disorders working groups were set up, and these reviewed the scientific evidence and developed suggestions for revised classification criteria. These initial proposals, then submitted to public consultation and review, resulted in updated proposals. The chapter title for the primary psychotic disorders will be "Schizophrenia and other primary psychotic disorders"...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617065/relationships-between-self-injurious-behaviors-pain-reactivity-and-%C3%AE-endorphin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism
#15
Sylvie Tordjman, George M Anderson, Annaëlle Charrier, Cécile Oriol, Solenn Kermarrec, Roberto Canitano, Michel Botbol, Nathalie Coulon, Corinne Antoine, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, David Cohen, Hazar Haidar, Séverine Trabado, Michèle Carlier, Guillaume Bronsard, Laurent Mottron
OBJECTIVE: Autism and certain associated behaviors including self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and atypical pain reactivity have been hypothesized to result from excessive opioid activity. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between SIB, pain reactivity, and β-endorphin levels in autism. METHODS: Study participants were recruited between 2007 and 2012 from day care centers and included 74 children and adolescents diagnosed with autism (according to DSM-IV-TR, ICD-10, and CFTMEA) and intellectual disability...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605101/the-latent-trait-of-icd-11-nicotine-dependence-criteria-dimensional-and-categorical-phenotypes
#16
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Laura H Andrade, Carla L Storr, Maria C Viana, Arthur G Andrade, Silvia S Martins
We aimed to identify phenotypes of DSM-ICD nicotine dependence among a representative sample of lifetime weekly smokers in the largest metropolitan area in South America. Data came from 1,387 lifetime weekly smokers in the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey. We used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and latent class analysis (LCA) on ICD-11 nicotine dependence proposed criteria to explore dimensionality and phenotypes profiles, followed by logistic regression models to examine the association between latent classes and socio-demographic, psychiatric and chronic medical conditions...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577450/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-dsm-5-and-icd-11-clinical-and-behavioral-correlates
#17
Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Thanos Karatzias
The American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization provide distinct trauma-based diagnoses in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), and the forthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), respectively. The DSM-5 conceptualizes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a single, broad diagnosis, whereas the ICD-11 proposes two "sibling" disorders: PTSD and complex PTSD (CPTSD). The objectives of the current study were to: (a) compare prevalence rates of PTSD/CPTSD based on each diagnostic system; (b) identify clinical and behavioral variables that distinguish ICD-11 CPTSD and PTSD diagnoses; and (c) examine the diagnostic associations for ICD-11 CPTSD and DSM-5 PTSD...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534691/a-case-report-of-schizoaffective-disorder-with-ritualistic-behaviors-and-catatonic-stupor-successful-treatment-by-risperidone-and-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#18
Yuanhan Bai, Xi Yang, Zhiqiang Zeng, Haichen Yang
BACKGROUND: Ritualistic behaviors are common in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), while catatonic stupor occasionally occurs in psychotic or mood disorders. Schizoaffective disorder is a specific mental disorder involving both psychotic and affective symptoms. The syndrome usually represents a specific diagnosis, as in the case of the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) or the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527766/racial-disparities-in-bipolar-disorder-treatment-and-research-a-call-to-action
#19
REVIEW
Margaret O Akinhanmi, Joanna M Biernacka, Stephen M Strakowski, Susan L McElroy, Joyce E Balls Berry, Kathleen R Merikangas, Shervin Assari, Melvin G McInnis, Thomas G Schulze, Marion LeBoyer, Carol Tamminga, Christi Patten, Mark A Frye
OBJECTIVES: Health disparities between individuals of African and European ancestry are well documented. The disparities in bipolar disorder may be driven by racial bias superimposed on established factors contributing to misdiagnosis, including: evolving empirically based diagnostic criteria (International Classification of Diseases [ICD], Research Diagnostic Criteria [RDC] and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual [DSM]), multiple symptom domains (i.e. mania, depression and psychosis), and multimodal medical and additional psychiatric comorbidity...
March 12, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526521/stressful-life-events-and-maltreatment-in-conversion-functional-neurological-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-case-control-studies
#20
Lea Ludwig, Joëlle A Pasman, Timothy Nicholson, Selma Aybek, Anthony S David, Sharon Tuck, Richard A Kanaan, Karin Roelofs, Alan Carson, Jon Stone
BACKGROUND: Stressful life events and maltreatment have traditionally been considered crucial in the development of conversion (functional neurological) disorder, but the evidence underpinning this association is not clear. We aimed to assess the association between stressors and functional neurological disorder. METHODS: We systematically reviewed controlled studies reporting stressors occurring in childhood or adulthood, such as stressful life events and maltreatment (including sexual, physical abuse, and emotional neglect) and functional neurological disorder...
April 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
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