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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646729/the-structure-of-ptsd-symptoms-according-to-dsm-5-and-idc-11-proposal-a-multi-sample-analysis
#1
M Cyniak-Cieciura, K Staniaszek, A Popiel, E Pragłowska, B Zawadzki
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms structure is a subject of ongoing debate since its inclusion in DSM-III classification in 1980. Different research on PTSD symptoms structure proved the better fit of four-factor and five-factor models comparing to the one proposed by DSM-IV. With the publication of DSM-5 classification, which introduced significant changes to PTSD diagnosis, the question arises about the adequacy of the proposed criteria to the real structure of disorder symptoms. Recent analyses suggest that seven-factor hybrid model is the best reflection of symptoms structure proposed to date...
May 4, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645024/prevalence-of-depression-comparisons-of-different-depression-definitions-in-population-based-samples-of-older-adults
#2
Linnea Sjöberg, Björn Karlsson, Anna-Rita Atti, Ingmar Skoog, Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression prevalence in older adults varies largely across studies, which probably reflects methodological rather than true differences. This study aims to explore whether and to what extent the prevalence of depression varies when using different diagnostic criteria and rating scales, and various samples of older adults. METHODS: A population-based sample of 3353 individuals aged 60-104 years from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) were examined in 2001-2004...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642983/-hebephrenia-a%C3%A2-viable-psychopathological-construct
#3
REVIEW
M Jäger, T Becker, M E Wigand
Ewald Hecker was the first psychiatrist to describe the disease entity of hebephrenia in some detail, focusing mainly on disturbances of affect. Later Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler saw hebephrenia as a subtype of dementia praecox or schizophrenia. Willy Mayer-Gross and Karl Leonhard characterized hebephrenia with highly differentiated psychopathological descriptions, whereas this construct only played a minor role in the works of Klaus Conrad and Kurt Schneider. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) lists hebephrenia as a subtype of schizophrenia but in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) no subtypes of schizophrenia are mentioned and the concept of hebephrenia is thus lost...
June 22, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636571/schizophrenia-and-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-dimensional-approach
#4
Demet Sağlam Aykut, Filiz Civil Arslan, Evrim Özkorumak, Ahmet Tiryaki
AIM: Schizophrenia (SCH) and bipolar affective disorder (BAD) are currently classified separately according to the DSM (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and ICD (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems) standardized diagnostic guidelines. However, the validity of this categorical approach is controversial because psychotic symptoms may be observed in both diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and social characteristics in a sample group consisting of patients diagnosed with SCH or BAD to help demonstrate the basic difficulty in the current classification of SCH and BAD as two etiologically distinct diseases...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625221/ptsd-or-not-ptsd-comparing-the-proposed-icd-11-and-the-dsm-5-ptsd-criteria-among-young-survivors-of-the-2011-norway-attacks-and-their-parents
#5
G S Hafstad, S Thorensen, T Wentzel-Larsen, A Maercker, G Dyb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606301/-treating-hoarding-disorder-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#6
Tanja Margrethe Gjerlev Andersen, Per Hove Thomsen
In this case report hoarding disorder is described in a 12-year-old boy who suffered from obsessive collection of things. The disorder is a separate diagnostic entity in DSM-5, and it will probably be a separate disorder in ICD-11 called hoarding disorder. The disorder is generally considered difficult to treat, but this case report describes significant reduction in hoarding symptoms on cognitive behavioural therapy and treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
June 5, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606295/-diagnosing-and-treating-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Cæcilie Böck Buhmann, Henrik Steen Andersen
The post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis has undergone large developments. With the changes in DSM-5 and the proposed changes in ICD-11, the two systems move in different directions. Treatment for PTSD is developing, but the evidence for the effect is lacking behind. Trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing remain first choice. Pharmacotherapy is secondary. There is evidence for the effect of paroxetine, venlafaxine and fluoxetine and less so for sertraline...
June 12, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575475/abnormal-brain-activation-during-theory-of-mind-tasks-in-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis
#8
Lisa Kronbichler, Melanie Tschernegg, Anna Isabel Martin, Matthias Schurz, Martin Kronbichler
Social cognition abilities are severely impaired in schizophrenia (SZ). The current meta-analysis used foci of 21 individual studies on functional abnormalities in the schizophrenic brain in order to identify regions that reveal convergent under- or over-activation during theory of mind (TOM) tasks. Studies were included in the analyses when contrasting tasks that require the processing of mental states with tasks which did not. Only studies that investigated patients with an ICD or DSM diagnosis were included...
May 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571795/misophonia-a-new-mental-disorder
#9
Steven Taylor
Misophonia, a phenomenon first described in the audiology literature, is characterized by intense emotional reactions (e.g., anger, rage, anxiety, disgust) in response to highly specific sounds, particularly sounds of human origin such as oral or nasal noises made by other people (e.g., chewing, sniffing, slurping, lip smacking). Misophonia is not listed in any of the contemporary psychiatric classification systems. Some investigators have argued that misophonia should be regarded as a new mental disorder, falling within the spectrum of obsessive-compulsive related disorders...
June 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559636/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#10
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553118/psychosis-in-parkinsonism-an-unorthodox-approach
#11
REVIEW
Marco Onofrj, Danilo Carrozzino, Aurelio D'Amico, Roberta Di Giacomo, Stefano Delli Pizzi, Astrid Thomas, Valeria Onofrj, John-Paul Taylor, Laura Bonanni
Psychosis in Parkinson's disease (PD) is currently considered as the occurrence of hallucinations and delusions. The historical meaning of the term psychosis was, however, broader, encompassing a disorganization of both consciousness and personality, including behavior abnormalities, such as impulsive overactivity and catatonia, in complete definitions by the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Our review is aimed at reminding that complex psychotic symptoms, including impulsive overactivity and somatoform disorders (the last being a recent controversial entity in PD), were carefully described in postencephalitic parkinsonism (PEP), many decades before dopaminergic treatment era, and are now described in other parkinsonisms than PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543749/substance-use-disorders-in-prisoners-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis-in-recently-incarcerated-men-and-women
#12
REVIEW
Seena Fazel, Isabel A Yoon, Adrian J Hayes
AIMS: The aims were to (1) estimate the prevalence of alcohol and drug use disorders in prisoners on reception to prison, and (2) estimate and test sources of between study heterogeneity METHODS: Studies reporting the 12 month prevalence of alcohol and drug use disorders in prisoners on reception to prison from 1 January 1966 to 11 August 2015 were identified from 7 bibliographic indexes. Primary studies involving clinical interviews or validated instruments leading to DSM or ICD diagnoses were included; self-report surveys and investigations that assessed individuals more than 3 months after arrival to prison were not...
May 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542927/research-review-what-do-we-know-about-psychopathic-traits-in-children
#13
Randall T Salekin
BACKGROUND: Research on the topic of child psychopathy has advanced over the past decade increasing what we know. METHOD: This qualitative review examines the research base for child psychopathy and emphasizes its three dimensions: grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, and daring-impulsive. Literature is reviewed addressing the cognitive, emotional, motivational, personality, parenting, and biological correlates. RESULTS: Support has emerged for the phenotypic construct of child psychopathy, while questions remain regarding definitional issues and key external correlates (e...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532449/the-factor-structures-and-correlates-of-ptsd-in-post-conflict-timor-leste-an-analysis-of-the-harvard-trauma-questionnaire
#14
Alvin Kuowei Tay, Mohammed Mohsin, Susan Rees, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Zelia Soares, Jessica Baker, Derrick Silove
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most widely assessed form of mental distress in cross-cultural studies conducted amongst populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement. Nevertheless, there have been longstanding concerns about the universality of PTSD as a diagnostic category when applied across cultures. One approach to examining this question is to assess whether the same factor structure can be identified in culturally diverse populations as has been described in populations of western societies...
May 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530345/-functional-somatic-syndromes-among-ethiopian-immigrants-in-israel
#15
Nimrod Grisaru, Danny Budowski, Seffefe Ayecheh, Eliezer Witztum
INTRODUCTION: The psychiatric classifications of disease (DSMIV; ICD-10) relate to a family of high incidence somatoform disorders whose use isn't uniform and cannot be measured. DSM-5 presents the term "cultural conceptualization of distress", which attempts to describe the cultural construct and its influences on mental distress and symptom presentation. Somatization among immigrants poses a diagnostic, treatment and research challenge due to cultural differences such as wrong understanding of their symptoms that may lead to misdiagnosis and to prescribing wrong and possibly harmful treatment and unnecessary hospitalization...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528329/the-interrater-reliability-of-the-autism-diagnostic-interview-revised-adi-r-in-clinical-settings
#16
Eric Zander, Charlotte Willfors, Steve Berggren, Christina Coco, Anette Holm, Ida Jifält, Renata Kosieradzki, Jenny Linder, Viviann Nordin, Karin Olafsdottir, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: The Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) is considered a first choice assessment tool in autism spectrum disorder. Nevertheless, despite its wide use in psychiatric practice and recommendations by various clinical guidelines, its interrater reliability has predominantly been confirmed in research settings by specially trained, research reliability interviewers. The reliability of ADI-R assessments among clinicians has not yet been established. Therefore, this study examined the spontaneous interrater reliability of the ADI-R in a naturalistic clinical multicenter setting...
May 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520324/-professional-fatigue-syndrome-burnout-part-1-identification-by-the-general-practitioner
#17
REVIEW
N Clumeck, S Delroisse, S Gozlan, M le Polain, A-C Massart, P Mesters, W Pitchot
Burnout or professional fatigue syndrome has never been more talked about than in recent times. It is the result of exposure to a situation in which the strategies of the subject who are supposed to manage the stresses of the environment become outdated and inoperative. An imbalance is created between the demands and the material, operational and psychological resources to cope with them. Many health professions are confronted with the challenge of managing burnout. Among them, the general practitioner is very often on the front line...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514696/alcohol-use-disorders-in-iran-prevalence-symptoms-correlates-and-comorbidity
#18
Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Vandad Sharifi, Ahmad Hajebi, Ramin Mojtabai, Reza Radgoodarzi, Mitra Hefazi, Abbas Motevalian
BACKGROUND: For nearly four decades, alcohol production and consumption has been banned in the Islamic country of Iran. However, little is known about the extent of alcohol use and associated problems in the country. The paper aims to present findings on the 12-month prevalence, symptoms, severity, correlates, and comorbidity of alcohol use disorders in the Iranian population. METHODS: This report is based on the 2011 Iranian household Mental Health survey (IranMHS), a nationally representative face-to-face household survey with a multi-stage, cluster sampling design...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504853/deriving-icd-11-personality-disorder-domains-from-dsm-5-traits-initial-attempt-to-harmonize-two-diagnostic-systems
#19
B Bach, M Sellbom, M Kongerslev, E Simonsen, R F Krueger, R Mulder
OBJECTIVE: The personality disorder domains proposed for the ICD-11 comprise Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Dissociality, Disinhibition, and Anankastia, which are reasonably concordant with the higher-order trait domains in the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders. METHOD: We examined (i) whether designated DSM-5 trait facets can be used to describe the proposed ICD-11 trait domains, and (ii) how these ICD-11 trait features are hierarchically organized...
May 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483176/-sexual-abuse-and-neglect-situations-as-risk-factors-for-adolescent-pregnancy
#20
Miguel Restrepo Martínez, Laura Trujillo Numa, Diana Restrepo Bernal, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Gloria Sierra
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, one out of five women between the ages of 15 and 19 years have been pregnant. Almost two-thirds (64%) of these pregnancies were unplanned. OBJECTIVES: To examine the socio-demographic, psychosocial and clinical risk factors associated with adolescent pregnancy. METHODS: An analytical prevalence study was performed using secondary data from the First Demographic Study of Mental Health in Medellin, Colombia. Female adolescents between 13 and 19 years of age were included in the study...
April 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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