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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895198/autism-and-reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-co-occurrence-and-differentiation
#1
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Raman Baweja
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare disorders sharing social difficulties with autism. The DSM-5 and ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revsion) state that RAD/DSED should not be diagnosed in children with autism. The purpose of our study is to determine whether children can meet criteria for both autism and RAD/DSED and to identify specific symptoms discriminating the disorders...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862575/measuring-the-icd-11-adjustment-disorder-concept-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-the-adjustment-disorder-new-module-questionnaire-in-a-clinical-intervention-study
#2
Rahel Bachem, Axel Perkonigg, Dan J Stein, Andreas Maercker
Adjustment disorder (AjD) is a frequent but under-researched diagnosis due in part to a lack of specific symptom criteria and adequate tools of measurement. The ICD-11 for the first time proposes a positive symptom catalogue to define AjD. This study presents a validation of the Adjustment Disorder - New Module (ADNM), the first symptom severity measure for AjD according to the ICD-11 concept. Validity and sensitivity to change were investigated in a sample of 190 individuals with a DSM-IV diagnosis of AjD...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859868/preferences-of-psychiatric-practitioners-for-core-symptoms-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-hidden-conjoint-analysis
#3
Matthias W Riepe, Peter Gritzmann, Andreas Brieden
According to ICD-10 and DSM-V, symptoms of depressive disorder are considered to be equally important for severity judgment. It was the goal to investigate the weight of selected symptom complexes for severity judgment. In workaday life severity judgment results from an overall impression rather than from calculating severity in different symptom complexes, separately. In fact, the drivers for overall judgment may not be known explicitly to the psychiatrist himself. A method of choice to resolve this is conjoint analysis...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859347/commentary-the-evolving-conception-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-reflections-on-danzi-and-la-greca-2016
#4
Chris R Brewin
As first formulated in 1980, the description of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was based on people exposed to severe and repeated traumatic events. Although the conceptualisation of PTSD in successive versions of the DSM has changed, the symptom picture remains complex and there have been concerns over whether the threshold is too high. In contrast, ICD-11 proposes a simpler diagnosis based on six symptoms and a distinction between PTSD and Complex PTSD. This approach may be more clinically useful and easier to employ for children in younger age groups...
December 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#5
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836200/ptsd-in-court-i-introducing-ptsd-for-court
#6
Gerald Young
The first part of the series of three articles on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Court to appear in the journal reviews the history of the construct of PTSD and its presentation in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) and the ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition; World Health Organization, 2018). There are 20 symptoms of PTSD in the DSM-5. PTSD symptoms are arranged into a four-cluster model, which has received partial support in the literature...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833568/mood-instability-and-irritability-as-core-symptoms-of-major-depression-an-exploration-using-rasch-analysis
#7
Lloyd Balbuena, Rudy Bowen, Marilyn Baetz, Steven Marwaha
BACKGROUND: Mood instability (MI) and irritability are related to depression but are not considered core symptoms. Instruments typically code clusters of symptoms that are used to define syndromic depression, but the place of MI and irritability has been under-investigated. Whether they are core symptoms can be examined using Rasch analysis. METHOD: We used the UK Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2000 data (n = 8,338) to determine whether the nine ICD/DSM symptoms, plus MI and irritability, constitute a valid depression scale...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829400/is-schizophrenia-disappearing-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-diagnosis-of-functional-psychoses-an-essay
#8
Per Bergsholm
BACKGROUND: The categories of functional psychoses build on views of influential professionals. There have long been four main categories - affective, schizophrenic, schizoaffective/cycloid/reactive/polymorphic, and delusional/paranoid psychoses. The last three are included in "psychotic disorders". However, this dichotomy and the distinctions between categories may have been over-estimated and contributed to lack of progress. TEN TOPICS RELEVANT FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF FUNCTIONAL PSYCHOSES: 1...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800284/the-standard-for-clinicians-interview-in-psychiatry-scip-a-clinician-administered-tool-with-categorical-dimensional-and-numeric-output-conceptual-development-design-and-description-of-the-scip
#9
REVIEW
Ahmed Aboraya, Henry Nasrallah, Srinivas Muvvala, Ahmed El-Missiry, Hader Mansour, Cheryl Hill, Daniel Elswick, Elizabeth C Price
Existing standardized diagnostic interviews (SDIs) were designed for researchers and produce mainly categorical diagnoses. There is an urgent need for a clinician-administered tool that produces dimensional measures, in addition to categorical diagnoses. The Standard for Clinicians' Interview in Psychiatry (SCIP) is a method of assessment of psychopathology for adults. It is designed to be administered by clinicians and includes the SCIP manual and the SCIP interview. Clinicians use the SCIP questions and rate the responses according to the SCIP manual rules...
May 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798030/the-screen-icd-trial-screening-for-anxiety-and-cognitive-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillator-icd-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#10
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Margrethe Herning, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
INTRODUCTION: Previous research shows that patients with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) have a fourfold increased mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with ICD patients without anxiety. This research supports the screening of ICD patients for anxiety with the purpose of starting relevant intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Screen-ICD consists of 3 parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient patients at two university hospitals using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), scores ≥8 are invited to participate...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788379/mother-child-bed-sharing-trajectories-and-psychiatric-disorders-at-the-age-of-6-years
#11
Iná S Santos, Aluísio Jd Barros, Fernando C Barros, Tiago N Munhoz, Bianca Del Ponte Da Silva, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of bed-sharing with the mother over the child mental health. METHODS: Population-based birth cohort conducted in Pelotas, Brazil. Children were enrolled at birth (n=4231) and followed-up at 3 months and at 1, 2, 4, and 6 years of age. Bed-sharing was defined as "habitual sharing of the bed between the child and the mother, for sleeping, for part of the night or the whole night". Trajectories of bed sharing between 3 months and 6 years of age were calculated...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776256/an-initial-psychometric-assessment-of-an-icd-11-based-measure-of-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-icd-tq-evidence-of-construct-validity
#12
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770066/refining-duration-and-frequency-thresholds-of-restless-legs-syndrome-diagnosis-criteria
#13
Maurice M Ohayon, Kanika Bagai, Laura W Roberts, Arthur S Walters, Cristina Milesi
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) using DSM-5 criteria and determines what is the most appropriate threshold for the frequency and duration of RLS symptoms. METHODS: The Sleep-EVAL knowledge base system queried the interviewed subjects on life, sleeping habits, and health. Questions on sleep and mental and organic disorders (DSM-5, ICD-10) were also asked. A representative sample of 19,136 noninstitutionalized individuals older than 18 years living in the United States was interviewed through a cross-sectional telephone survey...
October 21, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766697/development-and-feasibility-of-the-computerized-turkish-edition-of-the-composite-international-diagnostic-interview-dia-x-cidi-version-2-8-tr
#14
Demet Dingoyan, Mike Mösko, Yadigar Imamoğlu, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Uwe Koch-Gromus, Andreas Heinz, Ulrike Kluge
The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which has been widely applied in epidemiological research, is a standardized, clinically structured interview that enables the diagnosis of mental disorders based on DSM and ICD criteria. The computerized DIA-X CIDI Version 2.8 investigated in this study is an adaptation of the German DIA-X/Munich CIDI, which was translated in a multi-step process into Turkish and used to survey the prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany (N = 662)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743749/toward-a-more-evidence-based-nosology-and-nomenclature-for-female-sexual-dysfunctions-part-i
#15
Leonard R Derogatis, Michael Sand, Richard Balon, Raymond Rosen, Sharon J Parish
INTRODUCTION: A nomenclature is defined as a classification system for assigning names or terms in a scientific discipline. A nosology more specifically provides a scientific classification system for diseases or disorders. Historically, the nosologic system informing female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been the system developed by the American Psychiatric Association in its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III through DSM-5). Experts have recognized limitations of its use in clinical practice, including concerns that the DSM-5 system does not adequately reflect the spectrum and presentation of FSD...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719838/the-classification-of-conversion-disorder-functional-neurologic-symptom-disorder-in-icd-and-dsm
#16
J L Levenson, M Sharpe
The name given to functional neurologic symptoms has evolved over time in the different editions of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), reflecting a gradual move away from an etiologic conception rooted in hysterical conversion to an empiric phenomenologic one, emphasizing the central role of the neurologic examination and testing in demonstrating that the symptoms are incompatible with recognized neurologic disease pathophysiology, or are internally inconsistent...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717275/disorders-related-to-sexuality-and-gender-identity-in-the-icd-11-revising-the-icd-10-classification-based-on-current-scientific-evidence-best-clinical-practices-and-human-rights-considerations
#17
Geoffrey M Reed, Jack Drescher, Richard B Krueger, Elham Atalla, Susan D Cochran, Michael B First, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Iván Arango-de Montis, Sharon J Parish, Sara Cottler, Peer Briken, Shekhar Saxena
In the World Health Organization's forthcoming eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), substantial changes have been proposed to the ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders related to sexuality and gender identity. These concern the following ICD-10 disorder groupings: F52 Sexual dysfunctions, not caused by organic disorder or disease; F64 Gender identity disorders; F65 Disorders of sexual preference; and F66 Psychological and behavioural disorders associated with sexual development and orientation...
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717273/-prolonged-grief-disorder-and-persistent-complex-bereavement-disorder-but-not-complicated-grief-are-one-and-the-same-diagnostic-entity-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-yale-bereavement-study
#18
Paul K Maciejewski, Andreas Maercker, Paul A Boelen, Holly G Prigerson
There exists a general consensus that prolonged grief disorder (PGD), or some variant of PGD, represents a distinct mental disorder worthy of diagnosis and treatment. Nevertheless, confusion remains over whether different names and proposed symptom criteria for this disorder identify the same or different diagnostic entities. This study aimed to determine whether PGD, complicated grief (CG), and persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) as described by the DSM-5 are substantively or merely semantically different diagnostic entities...
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717257/narrowing-the-gap-between-icd-dsm-and-rdoc-constructs-possible-steps-and-caveats
#19
Mario Maj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716976/exploration-of-core-symptoms-for-the-diagnosis-of-alcohol-dependence-in-the-icd-10
#20
Atsushi Yoshimura, Yasunobu Komoto, Susumu Higuchi
BACKGROUND: The classification of alcohol use disorder has changed over the past century. Now, the conceptualization of alcohol dependence is still controversial. Accumulating evidence has shown the reliability and validity for the diagnosis of alcohol dependence in the ICD-10 and DSM-IV. However, the meaning and association of the respective diagnostic items, which are descriptive of representative symptoms, have hardly been examined. The core symptom of substance use disorder has been debated in various situations, but has never been elucidated logically...
November 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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