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Toru Imai, Junhui Shi, Terence T W Wong, Lei Li, Liren Zhu, Lihong V Wang
Ultraviolet photoacoustic microscopy (UV-PAM) is a promising intraoperative tool for surgical margin assessment (SMA), one that can provide label-free histology-like images with high resolution. In this study, using a microlens array and a one-dimensional (1-D) array ultrasonic transducer, we developed a high-throughput multifocal UV-PAM (MF-UV-PAM). Our new system achieved a 1.6  ±  0.2  μm lateral resolution and produced images 40 times faster than the previously developed point-by-point scanning UV-PAM...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Luqing Wei, Hong Chen, Guo-Rong Wu
The neurovisceral integration model has shown a key role of the amygdala in neural circuits underlying heart rate variability (HRV) modulation, and suggested that reciprocal connections from amygdala to brain regions centered on the central autonomic network (CAN) are associated with HRV. To provide neuroanatomical evidence for these theoretical perspectives, the current study used covariance analysis of MRI-based gray matter volume (GMV) to map structural covariance network of the amygdala, and then determined whether the interregional structural correlations related to individual differences in HRV...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Xuechao Liu, Haibo Qiu, Peng Zhang, Xingyu Feng, Tao Chen, Yong Li, Kaixiong Tao, Guoxin Li, Xiaowei Sun, Zhiwei Zhou, On Behalf Of China Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Study Group Cn-Gist
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics, immunohistochemical expression and prognostic factors of patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Methods: Data from 2,570 consecutive GIST patients from four medical centers in China (January 2001-December 2015) were reviewed. Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox regression models were used to identify independent prognostic factors. Results: Of the included patients, 1,375 (53...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Germán Mendoza, Juan Carlos Méndez, Oswaldo Pérez, Luis Prado, Hugo Merchant
Perceptual categorization depends on the assignment of different stimuli to specific groups based, in principle, on the notion of flexible categorical boundaries. To determine the neural basis of categorical boundaries, we record the activity of pre-SMA neurons of monkeys executing an interval categorization task in which the limit between short and long categories changes between blocks of trials within a session. A large population of cells encodes this boundary by reaching a constant peak of activity close to the corresponding subjective limit...
March 15, 2018: Nature Communications
Yu Wu, Ze-Yang Ding, Guan-Nan Jin, Yi-Xiao Xiong, Bin Yu, Yi-Min Sun, Wei Wang, Hui-Fang Liang, Bixiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are a subpopulation of cells which was usually expanded in chronic liver injury and are contributed to liver regeneration through differentiating into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a dynamic process which is important for the progression of liver fibrosis and cancer initiation. This study demonstrated that LE/6 and WB-F344 cells, both of which were HPC derived cell lines, were undergoing partial epithelial-mesenchymal transition states, which was indicated by the co-expression of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and zona occludin 1), and mesenchymal markers (vimentin, fibronectin, collagen 1and α-SMA)...
March 12, 2018: Biochimie
Cordell M Baker, Joshua D Burks, Robert G Briggs, Adam D Smitherman, Chad A Glenn, Andrew K Conner, Dee H Wu, Michael E Sughrue
Introduction: Supplementary motor area (SMA) syndrome is a constellation of temporary symptoms that may occur following tumors of the frontal lobe. Affected patients develop akinesia and mutism but often recover within weeks to months. With our own case examples and with correlations to fiber tracking validated by gross anatomical dissection as ground truth, we describe a white matter pathway through which recovery may occur. Methods: Diffusion spectrum imaging from the Human Connectome Project was used for tractography analysis...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
Istvan Bodi, Anastasios Giamouriadis, Naomi Sibtain, Ross Laxton, Andrew King, Francesco Vergani
Background: Primary CNS malignant rhabdoid tumors are very rare in adults and much less is known about their biological behavior than in children. Recently, two adult cases of SMARCB1 (also known as INI1)-deficient tumor with rhabdoid cells have been described, suggesting an emerging group of primary meningeal SMARCB1-deficient tumors. We have recently encountered a case of INI1-deficient tumor with similar histology and immunophenotype to the above cases, but with a superficial cerebral, yet apparent intra-axial origin...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Liang Liang, Ming Zeng, Haixia Pan, Hao Liu, Yangke He
Previous studies have demonstrated that nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) is aberrantly expressed in a number of tumors. In the present study, it was demonstrated that the gene and protein levels of NNMT were significantly increased in gastric cancer cells. Furthermore, upregulation of NNMT significantly increased the expression of mesenchymal markers, including α-smooth muscle actin (SMA), vimentin and fibronectin, but decreased the levels of epithelial cadherin. Since transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 may serve a key function in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the effects of NNMT on the expression of TGF-β1 were investigated in BGC-823 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Xiaofeng Lai, Hu Zhao, Yong Zhang, Kai Guo, Yuqiao Xu, Suning Chen, Jian Zhang
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) are widely used as catalysts or semiconductors in material fields. Recent studies have suggested that CuO NPs have adverse genotoxicity and cytotoxicity effects on various cells. However, little is known about the toxicity of CuO NPs following exposure to murine lungs. The purpose of this fundamental research was to investigate whether CuO NPs could induce epithelial cell injury, pulmonary inflammation, and eventually fibrosis in C57BL/6 mice. Our studies showed that CuO NPs aggravated pulmonary inflammation in a dose-dependent manner...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shencun Fang, Huifang Guo, Yusi Cheng, Zewei Zhou, Wei Zhang, Bing Han, Wei Luo, Jing Wang, Weiping Xie, Jie Chao
Excessive proliferation and migration of fibroblasts contribute to pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis, and both epithelial cells and endothelial cells participate in the accumulation of fibroblasts via the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), respectively. A mouse endothelial cell line (MML1) was exposed to silicon dioxide (SiO2 , 50 μg/cm2 ), and immunofluorescence and western blot analyses were performed to evaluate levels of specific endothelial and mesenchymal markers and to elucidate the mechanisms by which SiO2 induces the EndMT...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Dingchun Li, Wu Li, Yihui Chen, Lihui Liu, Dehong Ma, Hongtu Wang, Lu Zhang, Shenjun Zhao, Qin Peng
Hepatic fibrosis is resulted from sustained wound-healing responses to various harmful stimuli, including viral infection, drug toxicity, alcohol, and autoimmune hepatopathy, and it has recently attracted the attention of an increasing number of researchers and clinical workers. The aims of this study were to examine the anti-fibrotic effects of extracts of Periplaneta americana (EPA) on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats, to preliminary determine the anti-fibrotic efficacy of EPA, and to identify a potential and effective therapeutic agent to attenuate hepatic fibrosis...
March 12, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
May W Chen, Michael Reyes, Ewa Kulikowicz, Laura Martin, David J Hackam, Raymond C Koehler, Jennifer K Lee
BACKGROUND: Abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (aNIRS) may detect gastrointestinal hypoxia before necrotizing enterocolitis develops. We sought to validate aNIRS during splanchnic hypoxia and hypoperfusion in neonatal piglets. METHODS: Anesthetized piglets underwent systemic hypoxia or 3-h superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ligation with aNIRS monitoring. RESULTS: During progressive hypoxia, gastrointestinal tissue oxyhemoglobin saturation measured by aNIRS decreased linearly with oxyhemoglobin saturation measured directly in the portal vein...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Aaron Strumwasser, Aditi Bhargava, Gregory P Victorino
INTRODUCTION: Translocation of phosphatidylserine from the inner leaflet to the outer leaflet of the endothelial membrane via phospholipid scramblase-1 (PLSCR1) is an apoptotic signal responsible for the loss of endothelial barrier integrity after ischemia-reperfusion injury. We hypothesized that inhibiting phosphatidylserine expression on endothelial cells would attenuate ischemia-reperfusion (IRI) induced increases in hydraulic permeability (Lp). METHODS: Mesenteric hydraulic permeability (Lp) was measured in rat post-capillary mesenteric venules subjected to IRI via superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion (45 minutes) and release (300 minutes) in conjunction with several inhibitors of phosphatidylserine exposure as follows: 1) inhibition of PLSCR1 translocation (DTE - dithioerythritol, n=3), 2) inhibition of PLSCR1 membrane trafficking (2-BP - 2-bromopalmitate, n=3), and 3) inhibition of ion exchange necessary for PLSCR1 function (DIDS - 4,4'-Diisothiocyano-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid, n=3)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Tan En-Li, Wang Zheng-Feng, Zhou Wen-Ce, Li Shi-Zhu, Lu Yan, Ai Lin, Cai Yu-Chun, Teng Xue-Jiao, Zhang Shun-Xian, Dang Zhi-Sheng, Yang Chun-Li, Chen Jia-Xu, Hu Wei, Zhou Xiao-Nong, Tian Li-Guang
OBJECTIVE: To predict the monthly reported echinococcosis cases in China with the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model, so as to provide a reference for prevention and control of echinococcosis. METHODS: SPSS 24.0 software was used to construct the ARIMA models based on the monthly reported echinococcosis cases of time series from 2007 to 2015 and 2007 to 2014, respectively, and the accuracies of the two ARIMA models were compared. RESULTS: The model based on the data of the monthly reported cases of echinococcosis in China from 2007 to 2015 was ARIMA (1, 0, 0) (1, 1, 0)12 , the relative error among reported cases and predicted cases was -13...
February 26, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Fang-Tian Bu, Yu Chen, Hai-Xia Yu, Xin Chen, Yang Yang, Xue-Yin Pan, Qin Wang, Yu-Ting Wu, Cheng Huang, Xiao-Ming Meng, Jun Li
SUMOylation and deSUMOylation, a dynamic process, is proved to be involved in various fibrotic diseases. Here, we found SENP2, one of deSUMOylation protease family member, was decreased in CCl4 -induced mice fibrotic liver tissues, primary HSCs and restored after spontaneously recovery. In addition, HSC-T6 cells with TGF-β1 treatment resulted in a significant reduction of SENP2. Ectopic expression of SENP2 hindered cells activation and proliferation induced by TGF-β1 while knockdown of SENP2 showed an opposite effect...
March 10, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Q Y Lao, M Sun, L Yu, J Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and differential diagnosis of lipofibromatosis. Methods: The clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical profiles in 8 cases of lipofibromatosis diagnosed at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January 2008 to June 2017 were studied. Molecular analysis of β-catenin mutation by Sanger sequencing, NTKR1 and ETV6 rearrangements by FISH were performed. The follow up information was evaluated and the literature was reviewed. Results: There were 4 males and 4 females with a median age of 1...
March 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Natalia Pascuali, Leopoldina Scotti, Mariana Di Pietro, Gonzalo Oubiña, Diana Bas, María May, Antonio Gómez Muñoz, Patricia S Cuasnicú, Débora J Cohen, Marta Tesone, Dalhia Abramovich, Fernanda Parborell
STUDY QUESTION: Is ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) an ovarian protective agent during alkylating chemotherapy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Local administration of C1P drastically reduces ovarian damage induced by cyclophosphamide (Cy) via protection of follicular reserve, restoration of hormone levels, inhibition of apoptosis and improvement of stromal vasculature, while protecting fertility, oocyte quality and uterine morphology. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Cancer-directed therapies cause accelerated loss of ovarian reserve and lead to premature ovarian failure (POF)...
March 9, 2018: Human Reproduction
Hiroyuki Motoyama, Akihiro Tamori, Shoji Kubo, Sawako Uchida-Kobayashi, Shigekazu Takemura, Shogo Tanaka, Satoko Ohfuji, Yuga Teranishi, Ritsuzo Kozuka, Etsushi Kawamura, Atsushi Hagihara, Hiroyasu Morikawa, Masaru Enomoto, Yoshiki Murakami, Norifumi Kawada
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops in some patients who achieve sustained virological response (SVR) against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection via anti-HCV therapy. To examine the pathogenesis of HCC development after HCV eradication, histopathological changes and clinical markers were evaluated in SVR patients. METHODS: Of 654 SVR patients treated with interferon (IFN)-based therapies, 34 patients who had undergone liver biopsy before initiating IFN therapy and after SVR achievement were enrolled: 11 patients with HCC and 23 patients without HCC (male/female, 9/2 and 8/15, respectively: age, 58 ± 5 and 54 ± 11 years, respectively)...
2018: PloS One
Ze-Wu Dong, Yu-Fang Yuan
Acute lung injury in children is a complication showing devastating disorders linked to fibrosis progression and inflammation response. Fibrosis and inflammation response are two markers for acute lung injury. Juglanin is a natural product mainly isolated from green walnut husks of Juglans mandshurica, which isconsidered as the functional composition among a series of compounds. It exhibited effective role in various diseases by inhibiting inflammation response. In our study, the protective effects and anti-inflammatory activity of juglanin were investigated in mice and lung cells treated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to reveal the possible mechanism by which juglanin attenuates acute lung injury...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Haiting Chen, Huifang Wang, Jianbin An, Qingli Shang, Jingxue Ma
BACKGROUND This study aimed to explore the effects of plumbagin (PLB) on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and in proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) rabbit models. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rabbit RPE cells were exposed to various concentrations (0, 5, 15, and 25 µM) of PLB. Motility, migration, and invasion of PLB-treated cells were determined in vitro using Transwell chamber assays and scratch wound assays. The contractile ability was evaluated by cell contraction assay...
March 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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