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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239608/elimination-of-dog-mediated-human-rabies-deaths-by-2030-needs-assessment-and-alternatives-for-progress-based-on-dog-vaccination
#1
Ryan M Wallace, Eduardo A Undurraga, Jesse D Blanton, Julie Cleaton, Richard Franka
BACKGROUND: Rabies imposes a substantial burden to about half of the world population. The World Health Organization (WHO), World Organization for Animal Health, and the Food and Agriculture Organization have set the goal of eliminating dog-mediated human rabies deaths by 2030. This could be achieved largely by massive administration of post-exposure prophylaxis-in perpetuity-, through elimination of dog rabies, or combining both. Here, we focused on the resources needed for the elimination of dog rabies virus by 2030...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238586/developing-a-minimum-dataset-for-nursing-team-leader-handover-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-focus-group-study
#2
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Amanda Corley, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing demand for structured processes to guide clinical handover, nursing handover tools are limited in the intensive care unit. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to identify key items to include in a minimum dataset for intensive care nursing team leader shift-to-shift handover. METHODS: This focus group study was conducted in a 21-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit in Australia. Senior registered nurses involved in team leader handovers were recruited...
February 23, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237927/efficient-hardware-implementation-for-fingerprint-image-enhancement-using-anisotropic-gaussian-filter
#3
Tariq M Khan, Donald G Bailey, Mohammad A U Khan, Yinan Kong
A real-time image filtering technique is proposed which could result in faster implementation for fingerprint image enhancement. One major hurdle associated with fingerprint filtering techniques is the expensive nature of their hardware implementations. To circumvent this, a modified anisotropic Gaussian filter is efficiently adopted in hardware by decomposing the filter into two orthogonal Gaussians and an oriented line Gaussian. An architecture is developed for dynamically controlling the orientation of the line Gaussian filter...
February 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237847/social-learning-in-the-anthropocene-novel-challenges-shadow-networks-and-ethical-practices
#4
REVIEW
Jeremy J Schmidt
The Anthropocene presents novel challenges for environmental management. This paper considers the challenges that the Anthropocene poses for social learning techniques in adaptive management. It situates these challenges with respect to how anthropogenic forcing on the Earth system affects the conditions required for: (1) The cooperative exercises of social learning; (2) The techniques used for assessing the fit of institutions to social-ecological systems; and, (3) The strategies employed for identifying management targets that are transformed by human action...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236379/cruciform-position-for-trauma-resuscitation
#5
Biswadev Mitra, Mark C Fitzgerald, Alexander Olaussen, Prasanthan Thaveenthiran, Jordan Bade-Boon, Katherine Martin, De Villiers Smit, Peter A Cameron
Multiply injured patients represent a particularly demanding subgroup of trauma patients as they require urgent simultaneous clinical assessments using physical examination, ultrasound and invasive monitoring together with critical management, including tracheal intubation, thoracostomies and central venous access. Concurrent access to multiple body regions is essential to facilitate the concept of 'horizontal' resuscitation. The current positioning of trauma patient, with arms adducted, restricts this approach...
February 25, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235694/nurses-resilience-and-the-emotional-labour-of-nursing-work-an-integrative-review-of-empirical-literature
#6
REVIEW
Cynthia Delgado, Dominic Upton, Kristen Ranse, Trentham Furness, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: The emotional labour of nursing work involves managing the emotional demands of relating with patients, families and colleagues. Building nurses' resilience is an important strategy in mitigating the stress and burnout that may be caused by ongoing exposure to these demands. Understandings of resilience in the context of emotional labour in nursing, however, are limited. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the state of knowledge on resilience in the context of emotional labour in nursing...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229853/-consideration-of-the-shape-of-the-teeth-in-facial-hyperdivergency
#7
Olivier Sorel, Mohamed Naaim, Pierre-Alexandre Chataigner, Damien Brézulier, Valérie Bertaud
INTRODUCTION: The study examines how the shape of the teeth is taken into account in the context of facial hyperdivergency. One aim was to check out the widely-held belief that the hyperdivergent patient has long teeth. DISCUSSION: Our study found no link between the shape of the teeth and facial hyperdivergency, thus confirming the results in the literature. We examined the issue of how to characterize dental shapes. We found three diversely-appreciated types of shape: rectangular, triangular and ovoid...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229333/production-of-conidia-by-entomopathogenic-fungi-from-inoculants-to-final-quality-tests
#8
REVIEW
Facundo Muñiz-Paredes, Francisco Miranda-Hernández, Octavio Loera
Demand for biopesticides is growing due to the increase of areas under integrated pest management worldwide. Conidia from entomopathogenic fungi play a major role as infective units in the current market of biopesticides. Success in a massive production of fungal conidia include the use of proper long-term conservation microbial methods, aimed at preserving the phenotypic traits of the strains. The development of suitable inoculants should also be considered since that favours a rapid germination and invasiveness of the substrate in solid state cultures (SSC)...
March 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228081/the-neurobiology-and-psychiatric-perspective-of-vaginismus-linking-the-pharmacological-and-psycho-social-interventions
#9
Zuri Shahidii Kadir, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Marhani Midin, Najwa Baharuddin
Vaginismus is an involuntary muscle contraction of the outer third of vaginal barrel causing sexual penetration almost impossible. It is generally classified under sexual pain disorder (SPD). In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5th edition, it is classified under the new rubric of Genito-Pelvic Pain/Sexual Penetration Disorder. This fear-avoidance condition poses an ongoing significant challenge to the medical and health professionals due to the very demanding needs in health care despite its unpredictable prognosis...
February 22, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227146/power-management-design-for-lab-on-chip-biosensors
#10
Xiaojian Yu, Kambiz Moez, I-Chyn Wey, Jie Chen, Xiaojian Yu, Kambiz Moez, I-Chyn Wey, Jie Chen, Kambiz Moez, Xiaojian Yu, I-Chyn Wey, Jie Chen
Over the past decades, we have witnessed the growth demands of portable lab-on-chip biosensors. These lab-on-chip devices are mostly powered by battery, and intelligent power management systems are required to provide supply voltage for different functional units on biosensors (e.g. a microfluidic control system might require higher voltage than the rest working units of biosensors). In this paper, a fully integrated multiple-stage voltage multiplier is proposed to provide high-voltage power needs. The proposed design was implemented with the IBM's 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226340/oral-oxycodone-for-acute-postoperative-pain-a-review-of-clinical-trials
#11
Chi Wai Cheung, Stanley Sau Ching Wong, Qiu Qiu, Xianyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Opioids are the mainstay of pain management for acute postsurgical pain. Oral oxycodone is an opioid that can provide effective acute postoperative pain relief. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review based on published articles searched in PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015 on oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. METHODS: Clinical trials related to the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management were searched via PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224729/management-of-hypoxaemic-respiratory-failure-in-a-respiratory-high-dependency-unit
#12
Craig Hukins, Mimi Wong, Michelle Murphy, John Upham
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on outcomes of hypoxaemic respiratory failure (HRF), especially in non-ICU settings. AIM: To assess outcomes in HRF (without multi-system disease and not requiring early intubation) directly admitted to a Respiratory High Dependency Unit (R-HDU). METHODS: Retrospective, cohort study of HRF compared to Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure (HCRF) in a R-HDU (2007-2011). Patient characteristics (age, gender, pre-morbid status, diagnoses) and outcomes (non-invasive ventilation (NIV) use, survival, ICU admission) were assessed...
February 22, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223290/nephrologists-perspectives-on-defining-and-applying-patient-centered-outcomes-in-hemodialysis
#13
Allison Tong, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, David C Wheeler, Wim van Biesen, Peter Tugwell, Braden Manns, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Tess Harris, Sally Crowe, Angela Ju, Emma O'Lone, Nicole Evangelidis, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient centeredness is widely advocated as a cornerstone of health care, but it is yet to be fully realized, including in nephrology. Our study aims to describe nephrologists' perspectives on defining and implementing patient-centered outcomes in hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted with 58 nephrologists from 27 dialysis units across nine countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Singapore, and New Zealand...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222351/the-land-morphology-approach-to-flood-risk-mapping-an-application-to-portugal
#14
N S Cunha, M R Magalhães, T Domingos, M M Abreu, C Küpfer
In the last decades, the increasing vulnerability of floodplains is linked to societal changes such as population density growth, land use changes, water use patterns, among other factors. Land morphology directly influences surface water flow, transport of sediments, soil genesis, local climate and vegetation distribution. Therefore, the land morphology, the land used and management directly influences flood risks genesis. However, attention is not always given to the underlying geomorphological and ecological processes that influence the dynamic of rivers and their floodplains...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219383/the-alice-springs-hospital-readmission-prevention-project-ashrapp-a-randomised-control-trial
#15
Gabrielle Diplock, James Ward, Simon Stewart, Paul Scuffham, Penny Stewart, Carole Reeve, Lea Davidson, Graeme Maguire
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are frequently faced with high levels of emergency department presentations and demand for inpatient care. An important contributing factor is the subset of patients with complex chronic diseases who have frequent and preventable exacerbations of their chronic diseases. Evidence suggests that some of these hospital readmissions can be prevented with appropriate transitional care. Whilst there is a growing body of evidence for transitional care processes in urban, non-indigenous settings, there is a paucity of information regarding rural and remote settings and, specifically, the indigenous context...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219299/performance-evaluation-of-the-bioreactor-landfill-in-treatment-and-stabilisation-of-mechanically-biologically-treated-municipal-solid-waste
#16
P Lakshmikanthan, G L Sivakumar Babu
The potential of bioreactor landfills to treat mechanically biologically treated municipal solid waste is analysed in this study. Developing countries like India and China have begun to investigate bioreactor landfills for municipal solid waste management. This article describes the impacts of leachate recirculation on waste stabilisation, landfill gas generation, leachate characteristics and long-term waste settlement. A small-scale and large-scale anaerobic cell were filled with mechanically biologically treated municipal solid waste collected from a landfill site at the outskirts of Bangalore, India...
March 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219101/-reorientation-of-medical-procedures-covered-by-statutory-accident-insurance
#17
T C Auhuber, C Reimertz, W-D Müller, R Hoffmann
As of 01/01/2014, the German Statutory Accident Insurance (DGUV) has reorganized inpatient medical procedures. The central element of reorientation is the reorganization of the catalogue of types of accidents and type of medical procedures of hospitalized injured patients in 3 care stages. In addition, the reorientation also concentrates on hospitals with the highest performance and the best qualification and also focuses on severe and most severe injuries.This reorientation is also based on the White Paper of the German Society for Trauma Surgery (DGU), especially on the Trauma Network DGU...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218165/perceived-psychological-stress-among-undergraduate-medical-students-role-of-academic-factors
#18
Ranadip Chowdhury, Abhijit Mukherjee, Kaushik Mitra, Somnath Naskar, Prasanta Ray Karmakar, Saibendu Kumar Lahiri
Recently, there is a growing concern about stress during undergraduate medical training. The objectives of our study were to assess perceived stress among undergraduate medical students and to find out academic factors as determinants. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among undergraduate medical students of R. G. Kar Medical College, India, during July 2011-June 2012. Perceived stress was assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale-14. A 10-item questionnaire was used to assess academic sources of stress and their severity...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217596/distribution-of-abo-and-rh-types-in-voluntary-blood-donors-in-jharkhand-area-as-a-study-conducted-by-rims-ranchi
#19
Anu Singh, Ramesh Kumar Srivastava, Kabita S Deogharia, Kranti Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: This study was done to know the distribution and frequencies of blood groups among blood donors attending voluntary blood donation camps organized by the Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Ranchi, Jharkhand so that demand and supply ratio of the four blood groups can be maintained so that no patient dies due to lack of a particular blood group. CONTEXT: Up till now about 400 red cells antigen have been identified. The majority follow Mendelian inheritance...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216861/poverty-reduction-in-india-through-palliative-care-a-pilot-project
#20
Cathy Ratcliff, Ann Thyle, Savita Duomai, Manju Manak
INTRODUCTION: EMMS International and Emmanuel Hospital Association (EHA) implemented a pilot project, poverty reduction in India through palliative care (PRIPCare). A total of 129 interviews with patients and family enrolled in palliative care at three EHA hospitals (in Fatehpur, Lalitpur and Utraula) and staff discussions established that 66% of palliative care patients had lost livelihoods due to illness, 26% of patients' families had members who had lost livelihoods due to the illness, 98% of enrolled households had debts, 59% had loans for which they had sold assets, 69% of households took out debt after their family member fell ill, many patients do not know about government benefits and lack necessary documents, many village headmen require bribes to give people access to benefits, and many bereaved women and children lose everything...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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