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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109409/ecco-essential-requirements-for-quality-cancer-care-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-adults-and-bone-sarcoma-a-critical-review
#1
REVIEW
Elisabeth Andritsch, Marc Beishon, Stefan Bielack, Sylvie Bonvalot, Paolo Casali, Mirjam Crul, Roberto Delgado- Bolton, Davide Maria Donati, Hassan Douis, Rick Haas, Pancras Hogendoorn, Olga Kozhaeva, Verna Lavender, Jozsef Lovey, Anastassia Negrouk, Philippe Pereira, Pierre Roca, Godelieve Rochette de Lempdes, Tiina Saarto, Bert van Berck, Gilles Vassal, Markus Wartenberg, Wendy Yared, Alberto Costa, Peter Naredi
BACKGROUND: ECCO essential requirements for quality cancer care (ERQCC) are checklists and explanations of organisation and actions that are necessary to give high-quality care to patients who have a specific tumour type. They are written by European experts representing all disciplines involved in cancer care. ERQCC papers give oncology teams, patients, policymakers and managers an overview of the elements needed in any healthcare system to provide high quality of care throughout the patient journey...
February 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107271/perioperative-care-of-the-patient-with-the-total-artificial-heart
#2
Jill Yaung, Francisco A Arabia, Michael Nurok
Advanced heart failure continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality despite improvements in pharmacologic therapy. High demand for cardiac transplantation and shortage of donor organs have led to an increase in the utilization of mechanical circulatory support devices. The total artificial heart is an effective biventricular assist device that may be used as a bridge to transplant and that is being studied for destination therapy. This review discusses the history, indications, and perioperative management of the total artificial heart with emphasis on the postoperative concerns...
January 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106837/a-distributed-and-energy-efficient-algorithm-for-event-k-coverage-in-underwater-sensor-networks
#3
Peng Jiang, Yiming Xu, Jun Liu
For event dynamic K-coverage algorithms, each management node selects its assistant node by using a greedy algorithm without considering the residual energy and situations in which a node is selected by several events. This approach affects network energy consumption and balance. Therefore, this study proposes a distributed and energy-efficient event K-coverage algorithm (DEEKA). After the network achieves 1-coverage, the nodes that detect the same event compete for the event management node with the number of candidate nodes and the average residual energy, as well as the distance to the event...
January 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103510/exo-organoplasty-interventions-a-brief-review-of-past-present-and-future-directions-for-advance-heart-failure-management
#4
REVIEW
Waqas Nawaz, Farhan Ullah Khan, Muhammad Zahid Khan, Wang Gang, Mengqi Yang, Xiaoqian Liao, Li Zhang, Awais Ullah Ihsan, Amjad Khan, Lei Han, Xiaohui Zhou
Heart failure (HF) is a debilitating disease in which abnormal function of the heart leads to imbalance of blood demand to tissues and organs. The pathogenesis of HF is very complex and various factors can contribute including myocardial infarction, ischemia, hypertension and genetic cardiomyopathies. HF is the leading cause of death and its prevalence is expected to increase in parallel with the population age. Different kind of therapeutic approaches including lifestyle modification, medication and pacemakers are used for HF patients in NYHA I-III functional class...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099527/the-association-between-osteoarthritis-and-occupational-clusters-in-the-korean-population-a-nationwide-study
#5
Hongdeok Seok, Sung Jae Choi, Jin-Ha Yoon, Gwan Gyu Song, Jong-Uk Won, Jae-Hoon Kim, Jaehoon Roh, Jae Hyun Jung
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a considerable health problem worldwide. It is known to be associated with certain occupational risk factors. We examined the prevalence rate of OA by occupational cluster. Data were collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2010-2013). The total number of unweighted sample size was 9,905 participants: 4,460 men and 5,445 women, and OA prevalence was 5.3% and 18.4% respectively. OA patients were defined as participants with knee/hip joint pain and radiographic change of knee/hip joint...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099465/impact-of-a-multi-strategy-community-intervention-to-reduce-maternal-and-child-health-inequalities-in-india-a-qualitative-study-in-haryana
#6
Madhu Gupta, Hans Bosma, Federica Angeli, Manmeet Kaur, Venkatesan Chakrapani, Monica Rana, Onno C P van Schayck
A multi-strategy community intervention, known as National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), was implemented in India from 2005 to 2012. By improving the availability of and access to better-quality healthcare, the aim was to reduce maternal and child health (MCH) inequalities. This study was planned to explore the perceptions and beliefs of stakeholders about extent of implementation and effectiveness of NRHM's health sector plans in improving MCH status and reducing inequalities. A total of 33 in-depth interviews (n = 33) with program managers, community representatives, mothers and 8 focus group discussions (n = 42) with health service providers were conducted from September to December 2013, in Haryana, post NRHM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#7
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096075/hpprna-a-snakemake-based-handy-parameter-free-pipeline-for-rna-seq-analysis-of-numerous-samples
#8
Dapeng Wang
RNA-Seq technology has been gradually becoming a routine approach for characterizing the properties of transcriptome in terms of organisms, cell types and conditions and consequently a big burden has been put on the facet of data analysis, which calls for an easy-to-learn workflow to cope with the increased demands from a large number of laboratories across the world. We report a one-in-all solution called hppRNA, composed of four scenarios such as pre-mapping, core-workflow, post-mapping and sequence variation detection, written by a series of individual Perl and R scripts, counting on well-established and preinstalled software, irrespective of single-end or paired-end, unstranded or stranded sequencing method...
January 17, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095585/clinical-nursing-leadership-education-in-long-term-care-intervention-design-and-evaluation
#9
Valerie Fiset, Tracy Luciani, Alyssa Hurtubise, Theresa L Grant
The main objective of the current case study was to investigate the perceived leadership learning needs and feasibility of delivering leadership education to registered staff involved in direct care in long-term care (LTC) homes. The study was conducted in Ontario, Canada, and participants included RNs, registered practical nurses, and nursing administrators. Phase 1 bilingual web-based survey and bilingual focus group needs assessment data supported a preference for external training along with in-house mentoring to support sustainability...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095121/toxicity-of-new-pyrethroid-in-pest-insects-ascia-monuste-and-diaphania-hyalinata-predator-solenopsis-saevissima-and-stingless-bee-tetragonisca-angustula
#10
Shaiene C Moreno, Flaviano O Silvério, Mayara C Lopes, Rodrigo S Ramos, Elson S Alvarenga, Marcelo C Picanço
There is increasing demand for new products for vegetable pest management. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the toxicity of pyrethroids with acid moiety modifications to measure the insecticidal activity of these compounds on the lepidopteran vegetable pests Diaphania hyalinata (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Ascia monuste (Latreille) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) and evaluate their selectivity for the predatory ant Solenopsis saevissima (F. Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and pollinator Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095115/working-conditions-and-workplace-health-and-safety-promotion-in-home-care-a-mixed-method-study-from-swedish-managers%C3%A2-perspectives
#11
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend towards increased psychosocial strain at work among home care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analysed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094906/the-impact-of-organizational-innovations-in-nursing-homes-on-staff-perceptions-a-secondary-data-analysis
#12
Joost Adams, Hilde Verbeek, Sandra M G Zwakhalen
PURPOSE: The shift in nursing home care for patients with dementia from traditional task-driven environments towards patient-centered small-scale environments has implications for nursing practice. Information about its implications for nursing staff is lacking, and only a few studies have addressed staff perceptions. We sought to explore staff perceptions of required skills and to determine differences in job satisfaction, motivation, and job characteristics of staff working in both care settings...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094157/stabilization-of-tannery-sludge-by-co-treatment-with-aluminum-anodizing-sludge-and-phytotoxicity-of-end-products
#13
E Pantazopoulou, O Zebiliadou, M Mitrakas, A Zouboulis
A global demand for efficient re-utilization of produced solid wastes, which is based on the principles of re-use and recycling, results to a circular economy, where one industry's waste becomes another's raw material and it can be used in a more efficient and sustainable way. In this study, the influence of a by-product addition, such as aluminum anodizing sludge, on tannery waste (air-dried sludge) stabilization was examined. The chemical characterization of tannery waste leachate, using the EN 12457-2 standard leaching test, reveals that tannery waste cannot be accepted even in landfills for hazardous wastes, according to the EU Decision 2003/33/EC...
January 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093387/dying-at-home-of-cancer-whose-needs-are-being-met-the-experience-of-family-carers-and-healthcare-professionals-a-multiperspective-qualitative-study
#14
Jackie Pottle, Julia Hiscock, Richard D Neal, Marlise Poolman
OBJECTIVES: Supporting patients to die in the place of their choosing is an important aspect of end of life care. Our study set out to answer the question: 'How does the home environment influence perceptions of quality of death, and the experience of caring for the dying at home, for family carers and healthcare professionals (HCPs)? METHODS: A qualitative approach, using multiperspective interviews with bereaved family carers (n=15) and a nominated HCP (n=13) ensured depth of insight gained into supporting a home death...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093378/factors-associated-with-weight-change-in-online-weight-management-communities-a-case-study-in-the-loseit-reddit-community
#15
Gisele Lobo Pappa, Tiago Oliveira Cunha, Paulo Viana Bicalho, Antonio Ribeiro, Ana Paula Couto Silva, Wagner Meira, Alline Maria Rezende Beleigoli
BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown that of the 72% of American Internet users who have looked for health information online, 22% have searched for help to lose or control weight. This demand for information has given rise to many online weight management communities, where users support one another throughout their weight loss process. Whether and how user engagement in online communities relates to weight change is not totally understood. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the activity behavior and analyze the semantic content of the messages of active users in LoseIt (r/loseit), a weight management community of the online social network Reddit...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092201/evaluation-of-a-steroid-releasing-sinus-implant-for-the-treatment-of-patients-undergoing-frontal-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#16
Sean Bury, Ameet Singh
Management of the frontal sinus places great demands on the otolaryngologist. Given that the fronto-ethmoidal region is susceptible to recurrent inflammation, scarring, and stenosis, maintaining long-term patency of the frontal sinus is a difficult challenge. Oral and topical anti-inflammatory therapy, post-operative stenting, and 'home-brew' drug elution have been used for the treatment of the frontal sinus with mixed success. Recently an implant has been approved for post-operative placement into the frontal recess...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092008/spatio-temporal-variation-of-septage-characteristics-of-a-semi-arid-metropolitan-city-in-a-developing-country
#17
D Krithika, Anu Rachel Thomas, Gomathy R Iyer, Martin Kranert, Ligy Philip
Septage is the solid sludge that accumulates in septic tanks over a period of time. Many of the developing countries in the world face the challenging task of septage management. Due to the high variability in the nature of septage, there is a need to study its physical and chemical characteristics in order to suggest a sustainable treatment methodology. The present study deals with the characterization of septage collected from different locations of Chennai city in India, in two different seasons (summer and winter)...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089203/carbon-footprint-and-energy-use-of-food-waste-management-options-for-fresh-fruit-and-vegetables-from-supermarkets
#18
Mattias Eriksson, Johanna Spångberg
Food waste is a problem with economic, environmental and social implications, making it both important and complex. Previous studies have addressed food waste management options at the less prioritised end of the waste hierarchy, but information on more prioritised levels is also needed when selecting the best available waste management options. Investigating the global warming potential and primary energy use of different waste management options offers a limited perspective, but is still important for validating impacts from the waste hierarchy in a local context...
January 11, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089082/backcasting-to-identify-food-waste-prevention-and-mitigation-opportunities-for-infant-feeding-in-maternity-services
#19
Yvonne Ryan-Fogarty, Genevieve Becker, Richard Moles, Bernadette O'Regan
Food waste in hospitals is of major concern for two reasons: one, healthcare needs to move toward preventative and demand led models for sustainability and two, food system sustainability needs to seek preventative measures such as diet adaptation and waste prevention. The impact of breast-milk substitute use on health services are well established in literature in terms of healthcare implications, cost and resourcing, however as a food demand and waste management issue little has been published to date. This paper presents the use of a desk based backcasting method to analyse food waste prevention, mitigation and management options within the Irish Maternity Service...
January 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088361/purification-and-characterisation-of-dsrna-using-ion-pair-reverse-phase-chromatography-and-mass-spectrometry
#20
Alison O Nwokeoji, An-Wen Kung, Peter M Kilby, David E Portwood, Mark J Dickman
RNA interference has provided valuable insight into a wide range of biological systems and is a powerful tool for the analysis of gene function. The exploitation of this pathway to block the expression of specific gene targets holds considerable promise for the development of novel RNAi-based insect management strategies. In addition, there are a wide number of future potential applications of RNAi to control agricultural insect pests as well as its use for prevention of diseases in beneficial insects. The potential to synthesise large quantities of dsRNA by in-vitro transcription or in bacterial systems for RNA interference applications has generated significant demand for the development and application of high throughput analytical tools for the rapid extraction, purification and analysis of dsRNA...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
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