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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599568/assessing-the-accuracy-of-multi-temporal-built-up-land-layers-across-rural-urban-trajectories-in-the-united-states
#1
Stefan Leyk, Johannes H Uhl, Deborah Balk, Bryan Jones
Global data on settlements, built-up land and population distributions are becoming increasingly available and represent important inputs to a better understanding of key demographic processes such as urbanization and interactions between human and natural systems over time. One persistent drawback that prevents user communities from effectively and objectively using these data products more broadly, is the absence of thorough and transparent validation studies. This study develops a validation framework for accuracy assessment of multi-temporal built-up land layers using integrated public parcel and building records as validation data...
January 2018: Remote Sensing of Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588267/the-smart-study-a-mobile-health-and-citizen-science-methodological-platform-for-active-living-surveillance-integrated-knowledge-translation-and-policy-interventions-longitudinal-study
#2
Tarun Reddy Katapally, Jasmin Bhawra, Scott T Leatherdale, Leah Ferguson, Justin Longo, Daniel Rainham, Richard Larouche, Nathaniel Osgood
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, costing approximately US $67.5 billion per year to health care systems. To curb the physical inactivity pandemic, it is time to move beyond traditional approaches and engage citizens by repurposing sedentary behavior (SB)-enabling ubiquitous tools (eg, smartphones). OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the Saskatchewan, let's move and map our activity (SMART) Study was to develop a mobile and citizen science methodological platform for active living surveillance, knowledge translation, and policy interventions...
March 27, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570001/do-not-forget-about-public-transportation-analysis-of-the-association-of-active-transportation-to-school-among-washington-dc-area-children-with-parental-perceived-built-environment-measures
#3
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Rashawn Ray, Brian E Saelens
BACKGROUND: Although the active transportation (AT) indicator received an F grade on the 2016 US Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, this AT assessment excluded public transportation. An objective of the Built Environment and Active Play Study was to assess youth AT, including public transportation, among Washington, DC area children in relation to parental perceptions of neighborhood built environment (BE) variables. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents of children aged 7-12 years...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547912/associations-between-the-built-environment-and-objective-measures-of-sleep-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#4
Dayna A Johnson, Jana A Hirsch, Kari A Moore, Susan Redline, Ana V Diez Roux
Although dense neighborhood built environments support increased physical activity and lower obesity, these features may also disturb sleep. Therefore, we sought to understand the association between the built environment and objectively measured sleep. From 2010 to 2013, we analyzed data from examination 5 of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a diverse population from 6 US cities. We fit multilevel models that assessed the association between the built environment (Street Smart Walk Score, social engagement destinations, street intersections, and population density) and sleep duration or efficiency from 1-week wrist actigraphy in 1,889 individuals...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538664/the-built-environment-as-a-determinant-of-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies-and-natural-experiments
#5
Mikko Kärmeniemi, Tiina Lankila, Tiina Ikäheimo, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Raija Korpelainen
Background: Physical inactivity is a global problem that increases the risk of many chronic diseases and shortens life expectancy. The built environment contributes to physical inactivity through accessibility of amenities and transportation patterns. With better urban planning, cities could be designed to enhance active transportation and population health on a permanent basis. Purpose: We conducted a systematic review to identify determinants of the built environment associated with physical activity and to evaluate how changes in the built environment are associated with changes in physical activity...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497855/geospatial-assessment-of-tourism-impact-on-land-environment-of-dehradun-uttarakhand-india
#6
Jaydip Dey, Saurabh Sakhre, Vikash Gupta, Ritesh Vijay, Sunil Pathak, Rajesh Biniwale, Rakesh Kumar
India's tourism industry has emerged as a leading industry with a potential to grow further in the next few decades. Dehradun, one of the famous tourist places in India located in the state of Uttarakhand, attracts tourist from all over the country and abroad. The surge in tourist number paved the way for new infrastructure projects like roads, buildings, and hotels, which in turn affects the topography of the mountainous region. In this study, remote sensing and GIS techniques have been used to assess the impact of tourism on the land environment of Dehradun...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495509/individual-and-school-correlates-of-adolescent-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-quebec-canada
#7
José Massougbodji, Alexandre Lebel, Philippe De Wals
Background : Leisure time physical activity (LTPA) correlates have been mostly studied in relation to adolescents' home neighbourhoods, but not so much in relation to the environment of their schools' neighbourhoods. We sought to investigate how objective environmental measures of the schools' vicinity are related to adolescents' self-reported LTPA. Methods : Individual data from the Quebec High School Students Health Survey (QHSSHS) were matched with schools' socioeconomic indicators, as well as geographic information system-based indicators of their built environments...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468738/combined-effects-of-environmental-factors-on-human-perception-and-objective-performance-a-review-of-experimental-laboratory-works
#8
REVIEW
S Torresin, G Pernigotto, F Cappelletti, A Gasparella
The present paper reports the outcomes of a literature survey aimed at exploring how different environmental factors - i.e. acoustic, thermal, visual and air quality stimuli - interact in affecting building occupants' perception and performance. Recent laboratory studies have been collected and their methodological approaches reviewed in terms of experimental design, adopted exposures conditions, perception and performance assessment methods. Results have been summarized and compared to identify interaction patterns between environmental factors and possible practical implications for improving the design of both experimental studies and the built environment...
February 22, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432790/neighborhood-built-environment-and-socioeconomic-status-in-relation-to-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#9
James F Sallis, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Jordan A Carlson, Lawrence D Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, James E Chapman, Brian E Saelens
INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents recruited from neighborhoods that met criteria for a 2 × 2 matrix defined by high/low GIS-defined walkability and high/low median income. Adolescents aged 12-16 years (n = 928) were recruited from selected neighborhoods in Maryland and King County, Washington regions in 2009-2011...
February 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412329/characteristics-of-the-environmental-microscale-and-walking-and-bicycling-for-transportation-among-adults-in-curitiba-paran%C3%A3-state-brazil
#10
Adalberto Aparecido Dos Santos Lopes, Marilson Kienteka, Rogério César Fermino, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between the characteristics of the built and social and environmental microscale and walking and bicycling for transportation in adults in Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed in 2009 with a household survey that included 1,419 adults. Objective evaluation of environment was performed on the resident's street segments, using an instrument for systematic observation consisting of six dimensions: "land use", "public transportation", "streetscape", "conditions and aesthetics", "places for walking and bicycling", and "social environment"...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398408/neighbourhood-walkability-and-incidence-of-hypertension-findings-from-the-study-of-429-334-uk-biobank-participants
#11
Chinmoy Sarkar, Chris Webster, John Gallacher
BACKGROUND: With an estimated one billion hypertension cases worldwide, the role of the built environment in its prevention and control is still uncertain. The present study aims to examine the associations between neighbourhood walkability and hypertension in a large and diverse population-based cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the association between neighbourhood walkability and blood pressure outcomes for N = 429,334 participants drawn from the UK Biobank and aged 38-73 years...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329276/the-safety-of-the-neighborhood-environment-and-physical-activity-in-czech-and-polish-adolescents
#12
Josef Mitáš, Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski, Dorota Groffik, Karel Frömel
(1) Background : An increase in or at least the sustainment of walking activities across a wide section of the population is a crucial health-related task for Central and East European countries. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between adolescents' walking activities and various levels of perceived safety of the built environment in differing socio-demographic backgrounds of Poland and the Czech Republic. Furthermore, we aimed to determine major moderators affecting the walking habits of adolescents in areas with different levels of walkability...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316641/neighborhood-perceptions-and-cumulative-impacts-of-low-level-chronic-exposure-to-fine-particular-matter-pm-2-5-on-cardiopulmonary-health
#13
Kristen M C Malecki, Amy A Schultz, Rachel S Bergmans
Adverse perceptions of neighborhood safety, aesthetics and quality including access to resources can induce stress and may make individuals more sensitive to cardiopulmonary effects of air pollution exposure. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions as important and modifiable non-chemical stressors of the built environment that may exacerbate effects of air pollution on cardiopulmonary health outcomes, particularly among general population based cohorts. This study examined associations between low-level chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166249/qualitative-exploration-of-cross-sector-perspectives-on-the-contributions-of-local-health-departments-in-land-use-and-transportation-policy
#14
Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Semra A Aytur, Rodney Lyn, Jay E Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L Schmid, Heather Wooten, Stephenie C Lemon
INTRODUCTION: Transportation and land-use policies can affect the physical activity of populations. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in built-environment policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders' perceptions of LHD involvement are not well understood. The objective of this study was to describe the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land-use decision making and potential contributions to these processes among stakeholders...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161656/comparing-objective-measures-of-the-built-environment-in-their-associations-with-youth-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-across-heterogeneous-geographies
#15
Melissa N Poulsen, Emily A Knapp, Annemarie G Hirsch, Lisa Bailey-Davis, Jonathan Pollak, Brian S Schwartz
We compared two strategies for measuring built environment features in their associations with youth physical activity and sedentary behavior across heterogeneous geographies of Pennsylvania. Physical activity environments of communities representing a rural-to-urban gradient were characterized through direct observation and spatially referenced archival data subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. Stratified regression analyses assessed associations between environmental measures and behavioral outcomes by community type...
January 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145884/systematic-literature-review-of-built-environment-effects-on-physical-activity-and-active-transport-an-update-and-new-findings-on-health-equity
#16
REVIEW
Melody Smith, Jamie Hosking, Alistair Woodward, Karen Witten, Alexandra MacMillan, Adrian Field, Peter Baas, Hamish Mackie
BACKGROUND: Evidence is mounting to suggest a causal relationship between the built environment and people's physical activity behaviours, particularly active transport. The evidence base has been hindered to date by restricted consideration of cost and economic factors associated with built environment interventions, investigation of socioeconomic or ethnic differences in intervention effects, and an inability to isolate the effect of the built environment from other intervention types...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065897/associations-of-the-perceived-and-objective-neighborhood-environment-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-new-zealand-adolescents
#17
Erica Hinckson, Ester Cerin, Suzanne Mavoa, Melody Smith, Hannah Badland, Tom Stewart, Scott Duncan, Grant Schofield
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence supporting the association between neighborhood built environments and adults' physical activity (PA) and sedentary time (ST); however, few studies have investigated these associations in adolescents. A better understanding of the features of the built environment that encourage PA or ST is therefore of critical importance to promote health and wellbeing in adolescents. The aim of this study was to estimate the associations of GIS-determined and perceived walkability components in individual residential buffer zones with accelerometer-assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and ST in adolescents...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061128/effects-of-a-multi-level-intervention-on-the-pattern-of-physical-activity-among-in-school-adolescents-in-oyo-state-nigeria-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mojisola Morenike Oluwasanu, Oladimeji Oladepo
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity contributes to the global burden of non-communicable diseases. The pattern of physical activity in adulthood are often established during adolescence and sedentary behaviours in the early years could influence the development of diseases later in life. Studies on physical activity in Nigeria have focused largely on individual behaviours and the effects of school-based interventions have not been well investigated. The aim of the proposed study is to identify factors influencing; and evaluate the effects of a multi-level intervention on the physical activity behaviours of in-school adolescents in Oyo state, Nigeria...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059704/toward-probabilistic-prediction-of-flash-flood-human-impacts
#19
Galateia Terti, Isabelle Ruin, Jonathan J Gourley, Pierre Kirstetter, Zachary Flamig, Juliette Blanchet, Ami Arthur, Sandrine Anquetin
This article focuses on conceptual and methodological developments allowing the integration of physical and social dynamics leading to model forecasts of circumstance-specific human losses during a flash flood. To reach this objective, a random forest classifier is applied to assess the likelihood of fatality occurrence for a given circumstance as a function of representative indicators. Here, vehicle-related circumstance is chosen as the literature indicates that most fatalities from flash flooding fall in this category...
October 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043763/status-report-geographic-retail-food-environment-measures-for-use-in-public-health
#20
Ahalya Mahendra, Jane Y Polsky, Éric Robitaille, Marc Lefebvre, Tina McBrien, Leia M Minaker
The Association of Public Health Epidemiologists in Ontario (APHEO) Core Indicators Work Group standardizes definitions and calculation methods for over 120 public health indicators to enhance accurate and standardized community health status reporting across public health units in Ontario. The Built Environment Subgroup is a multi-disciplinary group made up of planners, researchers, policy analysts, registered dietitians, geographic information systems (GIS) analysts and epidemiologists. The Subgroup selected and operationalized a suite of objective, standardized indicators intended to help public health units and regional health authorities assess their community retail food environments...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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