Read by QxMD icon Read

objective assessment built environment

Claudia Oliveira Alberico, Jasper Schipperijn, Rodrigo S Reis
The built environment is an important factor associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior (SB) during adolescence. This study presents the methods for objective assessment of context-specific moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and SB, as well as describes results from the first project using such methodology in adolescents from a developing country. An initial sample of 381 adolescents was recruited from 32 census tracts in Curitiba, Brazil (2013); 80 had their homes geocoded and wore accelerometer and GPS devices for seven days...
December 23, 2016: Preventive Medicine
S Morgan Hughey, Andrew T Kaczynski, Stephanie Child, Justin B Moore, Dwayne Porter, James Hibbert
Parks and park features are important for promoting physical activity and healthy weight, especially for low-income and racial/ethnic minority youth who have disproportionately high obesity rates. This study 1) examined associations between neighborhood park and playground availability and youth obesity, and 2) assessed whether these associations were moderated by youth race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). In 2013, objectively measured height and weight were collected for all 3rd-5th grade youth (n=13...
December 6, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Kyle Bradbury, Raghav Saboo, Timothy L Johnson, Jordan M Malof, Arjun Devarajan, Wuming Zhang, Leslie M Collins, Richard G Newell
Earth-observing remote sensing data, including aerial photography and satellite imagery, offer a snapshot of the world from which we can learn about the state of natural resources and the built environment. The components of energy systems that are visible from above can be automatically assessed with these remote sensing data when processed with machine learning methods. Here, we focus on the information gap in distributed solar photovoltaic (PV) arrays, of which there is limited public data on solar PV deployments at small geographic scales...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Data
Fenghua Ding, Zhenli He, Shuxin Liu, Sihai Zhang, Fengliang Zhao, Qinfen Li, Peter J Stoffella
Composts are considered one of major sources that contribute heavy metals to the environment. The objective of this study was to investigate historical changes and spatial variation of metal concentrations in Chinese composts by analysing representative compost samples and published data from 2002 to 2013. Mean concentrations of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni), and copper (Cu) in the composts were 2.42, 35.52, 32.38, 16.33, 0.32, 258.1, 9.71, and 72...
November 17, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rachel Tabak, J Aaron Hipp, Elizabeth A Dodson, Lin Yang, Deepti Adlakha, Ross C Brownson
Dietary behaviors are associated with obesity, and may be influenced by the environment. The objective of the current work was to investigate whether perceptions of built environment factors related to eating in the residential neighborhood will have different, independent associations with BMI and dietary behaviors than perceived built environment factors in the worksite neighborhood. In 2012-2013, a cross-sectional telephone-survey of Missouri adults (n = 2015) assessed perceptions of home and workplace built environment factors related to eating, dietary behaviors, and height and weight...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Ne P Mathieu, Evan C Sommer, Stephanie J Mitchell, Shari L Barkin
This study explored the association between objective and subjective ratings of the food environment and child produce consumption for Latino preschoolers at-risk for obesity. Parental surveys (N = 115) assessed perceptions of food availability, affordability, and acceptability. Comparable factors were objectively rated by a trained observer, using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Stores (NEMS-S), in commonly frequented grocery stores cited by participants. There were no significant correlations between objective and subjective measures of food availability, affordability, and acceptability...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Bina Ram, Claire M Nightingale, Mohammed T Hudda, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Daniel Lewis, Steven Cummins, Billie Giles-Corti, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
PURPOSE: The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) project is a natural experiment which aims to establish whether physical activity and other health behaviours show sustained changes among individuals and families relocating to East Village (formerly the London 2012 Olympics Athletes' Village), when compared with a control population living outside East Village throughout. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 1497 individuals from 1006 households were recruited and assessed (at baseline) (including 392 households seeking social housing, 421 seeking intermediate and 193 seeking market rent homes)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
Judit Zsuga, Klara Biro, Gabor Tajti, Magdolna Emma Szilasi, Csaba Papp, Bela Juhasz, Rudolf Gesztelyi
BACKGROUND: Reinforcement learning is a fundamental form of learning that may be formalized using the Bellman equation. Accordingly an agent determines the state value as the sum of immediate reward and of the discounted value of future states. Thus the value of state is determined by agent related attributes (action set, policy, discount factor) and the agent's knowledge of the environment embodied by the reward function and hidden environmental factors given by the transition probability...
October 28, 2016: BMC Neuroscience
Yi Lu, Yang Xiao, Yu Ye
Many cities in China have undergone rapid urbanization and are experiencing a decline in residents' physical activity levels. Previous studies have reported inconsistent findings on the association between 3D's (density, diversity, design) and walking behavior, and few studies have been conducted in China. The aim of this study was to identify the association between objectively measured 3D's and different domains of walking (transport vs. leisure) in Hong Kong, China. A survey was conducted in 2014 to collect walking data and relevant individual data from 1078 participants aged 18-65...
August 26, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Dayna S Alexander, Moya L Alfonso, Chunhua Cao
Currently, public health practitioners are analyzing the role that caregivers play in childhood obesity efforts. Assessing African American caregiver's perceptions of childhood obesity in rural communities is an important prevention effort. This article's objective is to describe the development and psychometric testing of a survey tool to assess childhood obesity perceptions among African American caregivers in a rural setting, which can be used for obesity prevention program development or evaluation. The Childhood Obesity Perceptions (COP) survey was developed to reflect the multidimensional nature of childhood obesity including risk factors, health complications, weight status, built environment, and obesity prevention strategies...
December 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Lena Fleig, Maureen C Ashe, Christine Voss, Suzanne Therrien, Joanie Sims-Gould, Heather A McKay, Meghan Winters
OBJECTIVE: Neighborhood environments can support or hinder physical activity especially as health declines with age. This study puts psychological theories of health behavior change in context with built environment research to better understand the interplay of environmental and psychosocial characteristics impacting older adults' sedentary behavior and physical activity. METHOD: The Active Streets, Active People study recruited 193 older adults living in a highly walkable neighborhood in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada...
December 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
L Engel, A M Chudyk, M C Ashe, H A McKay, D G T Whitehurst, S Bryan
The built environment and social cohesion are increasingly recognized as being associated with older adults' quality of life (QoL). However, limited research in this area still exists and the relationship has remained unexplored in the area of Metro Vancouver, Canada. This study examined the association between the built environment and social cohesion with QoL of 160 community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥ 65 years) on low income from Metro Vancouver. Cross-sectional data acquired from the Walk the Talk (WTT) study were used...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Alejandra Jáuregui, Deborah Salvo, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Bernardo Hernández, Juan A Rivera-Dommarco, Michael Pratt
INTRODUCTION: Environmental supports for physical activity may help residents to be physically active. However, such supports might not help if residents' perceptions of the built environment do not correspond with objective measures. We assessed the associations between objective and perceived measures of the built environment among adults in Cuernavaca, Mexico, and examined whether certain variables modified this relationship. METHODS: We conducted a population-based (n = 645) study in 2011 that used objective (based on geographic information systems) and perceived (by questionnaire) measures of the following features of the built environment: residential density, mixed-land use, intersection density, and proximity to parks and transit stops...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Andrey Chetverikov, Gianluca Campana, Árni Kristjánsson
Perception allows us to extract information about regularities in the environment. Observers can quickly determine summary statistics of a group of objects and detect outliers. The existing body of research has, however, not revealed how such ensemble representations develop over time. Moreover, the correspondence between the physical distribution of features in the external world and their potential internal representation as a probability density function (PDF) by the visual system is still unknown. Here, for the first time we demonstrate that such internal PDFs are built during visual search and show how they can be assessed with repetition and role-reversal effects...
August 2016: Cognition
Calvin P Tribby, Harvey J Miller, Barbara B Brown, Carol M Werner, Ken R Smith
There is increasing emphasis on active transportation, such as walking, in transportation planning as a sustainable form of mobility and in public health as a means of achieving recommended physical activity and better health outcomes. A research focus is the influence of the built environment on walking, with the ultimate goal of identifying environmental modifications that invite more walking. However, assessments of the built environment for walkability are typically at a spatially disaggregate level (such as street blocks) or at a spatially aggregate level (such as census block groups)...
2016: Journal of Transport and Land Use
Alejandra Jáuregui, Michael Pratt, Héctor Lamadrid-Figueroa, Bernardo Hernández, Juan A Rivera, Deborah Salvo
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence linking physical activity with environmental characteristics in high-income countries, but evidence among low- and middle-income countries is scarce and results are inconsistent. This study assessed associations between perceived measures of the built environment and objectively measured physical activity among Mexican adults. METHODS: A population-based study of adults aged 20-65 years was conducted in Cuernavaca, Mexico, in 2011 (N=629)...
August 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fernando Pérez-Escamirosa, Alberto Chousleb-Kalach, Maria Del Carmen Hernández-Baro, Juan Alberto Sánchez-Margallo, Daniel Lorias-Espinoza, Arturo Minor-Martínez
PURPOSE: This study was aimed to establish the construct validity of a video-tracking system based on orthogonal cameras approach for assessment of laparoscopic psychomotor skills in training environments. METHODS: The camera-tracking system consists of two webcams placed in orthogonal configuration at a distance of 13.5 cm. The orthogonal cameras employ a color segmentation algorithm to register the 3D motions of the laparoscopic instruments using colored tapes placed on the distal end...
December 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Samuel D Towne, Jaewoong Won, Sungmin Lee, Marcia G Ory, Samuel N Forjuoh, Suojin Wang, Chanam Lee
We aimed to determine the relationship between neighborhood characteristics (walkability, cohesion/safety) and recommended activity levels among community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults. Subjective and objective data on 394 individuals aged ≥50 years were used to assess the likelihood of walking ≥150 min/week. Environmental factors associated with a greater likelihood of any walking ≥150 min/week included living in a neighborhood with high perception of cohesion/safety versus low, living in walkable areas versus car-dependent, and living in an area with a low-moderate median income versus the lowest...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health
C Roda, H Charreire, T Feuillet, J D Mackenbach, S Compernolle, K Glonti, M Ben Rebah, H Bárdos, H Rutter, M McKee, I De Bourdeaudhuij, J Brug, J Lakerveld, J-M Oppert
Findings from research on the association between the built environment and obesity remain equivocal but may be partly explained by differences in approaches used to characterize the built environment. Findings obtained using subjective measures may differ substantially from those measured objectively. We investigated the agreement between perceived and objectively measured obesogenic environmental features to assess (1) the extent of agreement between individual perceptions and observable characteristics of the environment and (2) the agreement between aggregated perceptions and observable characteristics, and whether this varied by type of characteristic, region or neighbourhood...
January 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Zuzana Derflerová Brázdová, Helena Klimusová, Dalibor Hruška, Alice Prokopová, Aleš Burjanek, Krauff Rainer Schwanhaeuser Wulff
BACKGROUND: Research on physical activity in relation to obesity gradually becomes more focused on environmental determinants, which can potentially influence people's health choices. The present article addresses the topic of physical activity from a wider sociological perspective. Our pilot study was designed with the objective of testing the applicability of a method included in the EC 6th Framework Programme EURO-PREVOB, in the Czech context. The method examines specific determinants of the built environment that can have an impact on physical activity at the population level...
November 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"