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uterine nk cells

Ruxandra I Sava, Keith L March, Carl J Pepine
Pregnancy-related hypertension (PHTN) syndromes are a frequent and potentially deadly complication of pregnancy, while also negatively impacting the lifelong health of the mother and child. PHTN appears in women likely to develop hypertension later in life, with the stress of pregnancy unmasking a subclinical hypertensive phenotype. However, distinguishing between PHTN and chronic hypertension is essential for optimal management. Preeclampsia (PE) is linked to potentially severe outcomes and lacks effective treatments due to poorly understood mechanisms...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Xiaoyan Chen, Yingyu Liu, Wing Ching Cheung, Yiwei Zhao, Jin Huang, Jacqueline Pui Wah Chung, Chi Chiu Wang, Tin Chiu Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the expression pattern of angiogenic cytokines in CD56+ uNK cells from peri-implantation endometrium in women with a history of recurrent miscarriage and fertile controls. METHODS: 28 women were recruited, from which 18 women were diagnosed as recurrent miscarriage and 10 women were of proven fertility. Endometrial biopsy samples were obtained precisely 7 days after luteinization hormone surge in a natural cycle. The angiogenic profile of isolated CD56+ uNK cells was determined by RayBio human angiogenesis antibody array G Series 1000...
January 30, 2018: Cytokine
Sonam Verma, Rahul Pal, Satish Kumar Gupta
Trophoblast invasion is one of the critical steps during embryo implantation. IFNG secreted during pregnancy by uterine NK cells acts as a negative regulator of invasion. IFNG in a dose dependent fashion inhibits invasion of HTR-8/SVneo trophoblastic cells. It phosphorylates STAT1 both at tyr 701 and ser 727 residues. Silencing of STAT1 significantly increases invasion (∼59%) of the cells. Based on NGS data, out of 207 genes, BATF2 expression was significantly increased after IFNG treatment. Silencing of BATF2 significantly increases the invasion of cells with (∼53%) or without (∼44%) treatment with IFNG...
February 2, 2018: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Ning Su, Hongdan Wang, Bowei Zhang, Yiqing Kang, Qiannan Guo, Hai Xiao, Hecai Yang, Shixiu Liao
The underlying mechanism of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) has remained elusive for many years. Several previous studies have suggested that the killer cell immunoglobulin receptor (KIR) gene family is associated with RSA, however, it is not clear exactly how. The present study detected KIR and human leukocyte antigen-C (HLA-C) genes in 110 Han Chinese women with unexplained RSA and 105 Han Chinese healthy females. The aim of the present study was to determine if certain genotypes were more susceptible to the occurrence of miscarriage...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Louise E Glover, David Crosby, Uma Thiruchelvam, Cathal Harmon, Cáit Ni Chorcora, Mary B Wingfield, Cliona O'Farrelly
PROBLEM: Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells play a critical role early in gestation. As we previously identified altered uNK cell development in endometriosis-associated infertility, we herein sought to characterize natural killer (NK) cell profiles in endometriosis that may predict embryo implantation. METHOD OF STUDY: Study participants had a surgical diagnosis of endometriosis-associated infertility. Endometrial tissue and peripheral blood were obtained from 58 women...
March 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Binqing Fu, Yonggang Zhou, Xiang Ni, Xianhong Tong, Xiuxiu Xu, Zhongjun Dong, Rui Sun, Zhigang Tian, Haiming Wei
Natural killer (NK) cells are present in large populations at the maternal-fetal interface during early pregnancy. However, the role of NK cells in fetal growth is unclear. Here, we have identified a CD49a+Eomes+ subset of NK cells that secreted growth-promoting factors (GPFs), including pleiotrophin and osteoglycin, in both humans and mice. The crosstalk between HLA-G and ILT2 served as a stimulus for GPF-secreting function of this NK cell subset. Decreases in this GPF-secreting NK cell subset impaired fetal development, resulting in fetal growth restriction...
December 19, 2017: Immunity
Paul J Brighton, Yojiro Maruyama, Katherine Fishwick, Pavle Vrljicak, Shreeya Tewary, Risa Fujihara, Joanne Muter, Emma S Lucas, Taihei Yamada, Laura Woods, Raffaella Lucciola, Yie Hou Lee, Satoru Takeda, Sascha Ott, Myriam Hemberger, Siobhan Quenby, Jan Joris Brosens
In cycling human endometrium, menstruation is followed by rapid estrogen-dependent growth. Upon ovulation, progesterone and rising cellular cAMP levels activate the transcription factor Forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs), leading to cell cycle exit and differentiation into decidual cells that control embryo implantation. Here we show that FOXO1 also causes acute senescence of a subpopulation of decidualizing EnSCs in an IL-8 dependent manner. Selective depletion or enrichment of this subpopulation revealed that decidual senescence drives the transient inflammatory response associated with endometrial receptivity...
December 11, 2017: ELife
Wen-Jie Zhou, Kai-Kai Chang, Ke Wu, Hui-Li Yang, Jie Mei, Feng Xie, Da-Jin Li, Ming-Qing Li
Natural killer (NK) cell function is critical for controlling initial tumor growth and determining chemosensitivity of the tumor. A synergistic relationship between rapamycin and cisplatin in uterine endometrial cancer (UEC) in vitro has been reported, but the mechanism and the combined therapeutic strategy for endometrial cancer (EC) are still unknown. We found a positive correlation between the level of IL-27 and the differentiated stage of UEC. The increase of IL-27 in uterine endometrial cancer cell (UECC) lines (Ishikawa, RL95-2 and KLE) led to a high cytotoxic activity of NK cells to UECC in the co-culture system...
January 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Linxiang Liu, Feng Zhou, Jiale Qin, Zhida Qian, Lili Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunologic function of mifepristone, which acts as a contraceptive drug at the level of the decidua. SETTING: In our hospital, 60 women (less than 63 days of amenorrhea) volunteered to terminate their pregnancies by the uterine suction evacuation method. Immunohistochemically, the transcription factor forkhead box P3 and granzyme B staining were performed to identify regulatory T cells and cytotoxic lymphocytes (CLs) in all operational subjects...
October 28, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
D Lissauer, M D Kilby, P Moss
In human pregnancy the maternal immune system plays a critical role in the regulation of many aspects of human reproduction including implantation, placentation and defence against infection. Interest has been focussed on the role of uterine natural killer cells (uNK) in the maternal decidua whereas effector CD4+ and CD8+ T cells have received much less attention despite the observation that they represent a major proportion of decidual leucocytes in the latter phase of pregnancy. A range of recent studies have demonstrated that human decidual T cells are highly differentiated, express a range of cytokines and cytotoxic markers, and demonstrate a unique transcriptional profile characterized by high level expression of genes involved in interferon-signalling...
December 2017: Placenta
Saowapak Prathoomthong, Yada Tingthanatikul, Srithean Lertvikool, Nittaya Rodratn, Wanwisa Waiyaput, Kanthanadon Dittharot, Morakot Sroyraya, Areepan Sophonsritsuk
Background: Progestin has been used for symptomatic treatment of adenomyosis, although its effect on the immune system has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of macrophage and natural killer (NK) cell infiltration in tissues obtained from women with adenomyosis who did or did not receive oral progestin dienogest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study, 24 patients with adenomyosis who required hysterectomy were enrolled...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Jamil Elfarra, Lorena M Amaral, Maggie McCalmon, Jeremy D Scott, Mark W Cunningham, Ashley Gnam, Tarek Ibrahim, Babbette LaMarca, Denise C Cornelius
Preeclampsia is associated with hypertension, small-for-gestational-age babies, and increased cytolytic natural killer (NK) cells. The specific role of cytolytic NK cells in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia has not been clearly defined. We hypothesized that<u>R</u>educed<u>U</u>terine<u>P</u>erfusion<u>P</u>ressure (RUPP) stimulates proliferation and cytolytic activation of NK cells, and that reducing NK cells in RUPP would prevent hypertension, intrauterine growth restriction, and inflammation in response to placental ischemia...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
Amandine Philippe, Marc Rassy, Ligia Craciun, Céline Naveaux, Karen Willard-Gallo, Denis Larsimont, Isabelle Veys
The aim of this study was to characterize the inflammatory infiltrate of the lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma, a variant of squamous cell carcinoma clinically associated with a good prognosis. Immunohistochemistry was used to characterize 3 cases of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma in the uterine cervix, diagnosed over a period of 3 yr. The patients were between 30 and 50 yr old. Their cervical smears had shown atypical squamous cells of unknown significance or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, and the initial cervical biopsy showed high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN3) or squamous cell carcinoma...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Xiaoyan Chen, Najat Mariee, Lingming Jiang, Yingyu Liu, Chi Chiu Wang, Tin Chiu Li, Susan Laird
BACKGROUND: Uterine natural killer cells are the major leukocytes present in the periimplantation endometrium. Previous studies have found controversial differences in uterine natural killer cell percentage in women with recurrent reproductive failure compared with fertile controls. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the uterine natural killer cell percentage in women with recurrent reproductive failure and fertile controls. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study carried out in university hospitals...
December 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
T Sho, T Hachisuga, C Koi, T Kurita, S Kagami, T Kawagoe, Y Matsuura, K Yoshimura, M Hisaoka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report was to evaluate the impact of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on lymphocytic infiltration of the endometrium in postmenopausal women. METHOD: This study included 58 Japanese patients who had undergone hysterectomy at the University Hospital of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan. Before surgery, nine patients had received 17β-estradiol (E2), 0.72 mg transdermally for 2-8 weeks (E2 group); 16 patients had received an Estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,16α, 17β-triol (E3) vaginal tablet 0...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Tao Zhang, Chunyu Huang, Yan Du, Ruochun Lian, Meilan Mo, Yong Zeng, Gil Mor
PROBLEM: Effective therapy for endometrial receptivity of patients with repeated embryo implantation failure (RIF) is far undeveloped. Whether intrauterine perfusion of dexamethasone (DXM), local administration of drugs with less systematic side-effects, benefit for embryo implantation by suppressing uterine NK (uNK) cells to improve endometrial receptivity remains unknown. METHOD OF STUDY: Women with RIF were analyzed for the correlation between the percentage of uNK cells during implantation window and following clinical pregnancy rate to determine the appropriate range of uNK for embryo implantation...
December 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Minmin Li, Yimin Gao, Liang Yong, Dake Huang, Jijia Shen, Miao Liu, Cuiping Ren, Xin Hou
In addition to natural killer cells, other innate lymphoid cells have recently been identified in the mouse and human uterus, but their roles in successful pregnancy remain poorly defined. In this study, we examined the dynamic changes of uterine innate lymphoid cells throughout pregnancy in mice. We found that the total number of uterine innate lymphoid cells markedly increased at early-gestation. Among the three groups of uterine innate lymphoid cells, the number of the group 2 uterine innate lymphoid cells increased the most during pregnancy...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Han Gong, Yilu Chen, Jingjie Xu, Xingxing Xie, Dainan Yu, Bei Yang, Haibin Kuang
Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells are short-lived, terminally differentiated and the most abundant lymphocytes in the uterus which play a crucial role in the spiral arteriole modification and establishment of successful pregnancy. Dysregulation of uNK cells has been linked to gestational implications such as recurrent pregnancy loss, preeclampsia and fetal growth retardation. There is evidence showing that progesterone and estrogen can regulate the recruitment, proliferation, differentiation and function of uNK cells via direct action on intracellular nuclear receptors or through intermediary cells in the uterus during early pregnancy...
September 6, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Atsushi Fukui, Ayano Funamizu, Rie Fukuhara, Hiroaki Shibahara
AIM: Natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCR) are unique markers that regulate natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity and cytokine production. In this study, we investigated the expression of NCR (NKp46, NKp44, and NKp30) and cytokine production in NK cells derived from the uterine endometrium of women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). We also investigated the expression of NCR in peripheral blood NK cells in pregnant women with and without a history of RPL. METHODS: The expression of NCR (NKp46, NKp44, and NKp30) in NK cells (CD56(dim) and CD56(bright) ) in the uterine endometrium was analyzed using 3-color flow cytometry...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Issaka Yougbaré, Wei-She Tai, Darko Zdravic, Brigitta Elaine Oswald, Sean Lang, Guangheng Zhu, Howard Leong-Poi, Dawei Qu, Lisa Yu, Caroline Dunk, Jianhong Zhang, John G Sled, Stephen J Lye, Jelena Brkić, Chun Peng, Petter Höglund, B Anne Croy, S Lee Adamson, Xiao-Yan Wen, Duncan J Stewart, John Freedman, Heyu Ni
Miscarriage and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are devastating complications in fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). We previously reported the mechanisms for bleeding diatheses, but it is unknown whether placental, decidual immune cells or other abnormalities at the maternal-fetal interface contribute to FNAIT. Here we show that maternal immune responses to fetal platelet antigens cause miscarriage and IUGR that are associated with vascular and immune pathologies in murine FNAIT models...
August 9, 2017: Nature Communications
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