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Nelson S Yee
Progress has been made in the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers through advances in systemic therapies, surgical interventions, and radiation therapy. At the Multi-Disciplinary Patient Care in Gastrointestinal Oncology conference, the faculty members of the Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center presented a variety of topics that focused on this sub-specialty. This conference paper highlights the new development in systemic treatment of various malignant diseases in the digestive system. Results of the recent clinical trials that investigated the clinical efficacy of pegylated hyaluronidase, napabucasin, and L-asparaginase in pancreatic carcinoma are presented...
March 16, 2018: Biomedicines
Lionel Kankeu Fonkoua, Nelson S Yee
Palliative chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment of advanced gastric carcinoma (GC). Monoclonal antibodies including trastuzumab, ramucirumab, and pembrolizumab have been shown to provide additional benefits. However, the clinical outcomes are often unpredictable and they can vary widely among patients. Currently, no biomarker is available for predicting treatment response in the individual patient except human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) amplification and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression for effectiveness of trastuzumab and pembrolizumab, respectively...
March 9, 2018: Biomedicines
Kensei Yamaguchi, Kazumasa Fujitani, Fumio Nagashima, Yasushi Omuro, Nozomu Machida, Tomohiro Nishina, Toshiko Koue, Mika Tsujimoto, Kaijiro Maeda, Taroh Satoh
BACKGROUND: Ramucirumab, a monoclonal antibody vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 antagonist, given as monotherapy improved survival in a global phase 3 study (REGARD) of patients with gastric cancer. However, REGARD did not include Japanese patients. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ramucirumab monotherapy in Japanese patients with advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label, nonrandomized phase 2 study (Clinicaltrials...
March 5, 2018: Gastric Cancer
Ting-Ting Zhao, Hao Xu, Hui-Mian Xu, Zhen-Ning Wang, Ying-Ying Xu, Yong-Xi Song, Song-Cheng Yin, Xing-Yu Liu, Zhi-Feng Miao
BACKGROUND: Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) is a severe malignant tumor associated with high mortality. Targeted therapy is an important approach for improving the therapeutic effects of AGC treatment. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of targeted agents for AGC patients. METHODS: PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for double-blind randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of AGC treatments published prior to July 2017. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), and severe adverse effects (AEs) were evaluated to determine the efficacy and safety of targeted agents...
February 17, 2018: Gastric Cancer
Weijing Sun, Roniel Cabrera
To date, sorafenib, a multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is the only systemic agent approved by the FDA in the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several other tyrosine kinase-inhibiting agents have been investigated in the first-line setting, either alone (sunitinib, brivanib, linifanib, and lenvatinib) or in combination with sorafenib (erlotinib and doxorubicin) in phase 3 trials. However, none of these studies demonstrated an improvement in survival over sorafenib...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Minkyu Jung, Min-Hee Ryu, Do Youn Oh, Myounghee Kang, Dae Young Zang, In Gyu Hwang, Keun-Wook Lee, Ki Hyang Kim, Byoung Yong Shim, Eun Kee Song, Sun Jin Sym, Hye Sook Han, Young Lee Park, Jin Soo Kim, Hyun Woo Lee, Moon Hee Lee, Dong-Hoe Koo, Hong Suk Song, Namsu Lee, Sung Hyun Yang, Dae Ro Choi, Young Seon Hong, Kyoung Eun Lee, Chi Hoon Maeng, Jin Ho Baek, Samyong Kim, Yeul Hong Kim, Sun Young Rha, Jae Yong Cho, Yoon-Koo Kang
BACKGROUND: Ramucirumab improves survival in gastric cancer patients. The efficacy and safety of ramucirumab outside of a clinical trial were evaluated using an expanded access program (EAP). METHODS: Advanced gastric cancer patients treated with ramucirumab in combination with paclitaxel or with ramucirumab monotherapy in a Korean EAP were evaluated. Baseline characteristics were assessed for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), and adverse events were evaluated according to the treatment regimen...
February 9, 2018: Gastric Cancer
A Scott Paulson, Lisa M Hess, Astra M Liepa, Zhanglin Lin Cui, Kathleen M Aguilar, Jamyia Clark, William Schelman
BACKGROUND: Limited real-world research has investigated ramucirumab for the treatment of patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. This study was designed to describe ramucirumab monotherapy or combination therapy use in a community oncology practice setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational cohort study to describe the treatment of adult patients with gastric or GEJ cancer who initiated ramucirumab treatment between 4/21/14 and 6/30/16 within the US Oncology Network...
February 3, 2018: Gastric Cancer
Shigeta Hagino, Takashi Miyata, Koya Sakamoto
We experienced 2 cases in which ramucirumab plus FOLFIRI as second-line treatment was beneficial. Case 1 was a 67-yearold man, underwent panitumumab plus mFOLFOX6 as first-line treatment for unresectable rectal cancer with ureteral invasion and multiple liver metastases, but the disease became worse at 9.3 months. We changed to ramucirumab plus FOLFIRI as second-line treatment. After 2 courses, a grade 3 febrile neutropenia was observed, but treatment was beneficial and continued administration for 9 months or more...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Ryohei Yukimoto, Kazuyuki Okada, Tomohira Takeoka, Nobuo Takiguchi, Shigeto Nakai, Shoko Honda, Aoi Okamoto, Akina Saito, Hiroshi Matsuno, Ken Konishi, Hideo Ota, Shigekazu Yokoyama, Mutsumi Fukunaga, Kenji Kobayashi
The patient was a 66-year-old man. Total abdominal gastrectomy and D2 dissection were performed for gastric cancer (cT3N0M0P0CYXH0, cStage II A). Pathological examination confirmed a diagnosis of Stage III C mucinous adenocarcinoma (pT4pN3pM0, pStage III C). He underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with TS-1(120mg/body). One year after adjuvant chemotherapy, anastomotic stricture was caused. Although it was not possible to point out recurrent lesions on the CT image, we strongly suspected that extrinsic compression around the anastomotic portion was due to peritoneal dissemination recurrence because of symptoms and marked tumor elevation...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Masaaki Akai, Shinya Otsuka, Yuichi Yasui, Kenta Isoda, Ryousuke Hamano, Naoyuki Tokunaga, Kenji Takahashi, Hideaki Miyaso, Yousuke Tsunemitsu, Kazuhide Iwakawa, Masaru Inagaki, Hiromi Iwagaki
The patient was a man in his early 30s. He underwent sigmoidectomy with D3+ #216 for advanced sigmoid colon cancer with metastatic para-aortic lymph nodes. The pathological diagnosis was colon cancer(S), type 2, moderately differentiated, pT4a(SE), pN3(19/33), pM1a(LYM), pStage IV , KRAS wild-type, EGFR(+). He received FOLFOX plus bevacizumab(Bmab) as adjuvant chemotherapy. One year postoperatively, he experienced recurrence as multiple lung metastases. FOLFIRI plus panitumumab, SOX plus Bmab, CapeOX, nivolumab and FOLFIRI plus ramucirumab were then administered...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Shingo Seo, Takahisa Suzuki, Toshihiro Misumi, Hirotaka Tashiro
A 66-year-old man was diagnosed with unresectable distal gastric cancer due to a locally advanced tumor and peritoneal dissemination. After gastrojejunostomy, he underwent S-1 plus cisplatin combination chemotherapy. After 2 courses of chemotherapy, weekly paclitaxel(PTX)was administered as second-line chemotherapy owing to tumor growth(PD). Although 4 courses of chemotherapy had been administered, he developed carcinomatous peritonitis and was hospitalized urgently. Despite diuretic therapy and drainage, the malignant ascites was not adequately controlled...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Chikara Ebisui, Rie Hamano, Takayuki Minoji, Tomohiro Kitahara, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Shu Okamura, Nariaki Fukuchi, Kohei Murata, Hideoki Yokouchi, Masakatsu Kinuta, Kazuhito Ohishi
A 67-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of anemia and weight loss, and diagnosed with a type 3 tumor in the upper gastric body. Pathological examination suggested moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma with immunohistochemically negative staining for HER2. Abdominal CT revealed thickening of the gastric wall and multiple liver metastases. The clinical findings suggested Stage IV disease(T4aN0M1). Chemotherapy was administered with a combination of S-1 plus CDDP(SP). However, the level of CEA(ng/mL)increased from 49...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yutaka Kimura, Yoichi Makari, Jota Mikami, Yoko Hiraki, Hiroaki Kato, Mitsuru Iwama, Osamu Shiraishi, Atsushi Yasuda, Masayuki Shinkai, Motohiro Imano, Haruhiko Imamoto, Junya Fujita, Hiroshi Furukawa, Takushi Yasuda
Proteinuria is one of the characteristic adverse events by ramucirumab(RAM)plus paclitaxel(PTX)combination therapy for advanced gastric cancer. We reported a case of recurrent gastric cancer with grade(gr)3 proteinuria caused by RAM plus PTX therapy. 77-year-old woman was underwent distal gastrectomy in 76 years old for gastric cancer that was diagnosed mucinous adenocarcinoma, fStage III C(T4aN3H0P0CY0M0)and received adjuvant chemotherapy of S-1 for 1 year. She suffered from peritoneal recurrence with ascites after 1 year and 4 months of the operation and RAM(8mg/kg; day 1 and 15)plus PTX(80mg/m2; day 1, 8 and 15)therapy was administrated as second-line chemotherapy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hiroshi Matsumoto, Akihito Kawazoe, Kaoru Shimada, Shota Fukuoka, Yasutoshi Kuboki, Hideaki Bando, Takashi Kojima, Atsushi Ohtsu, Takayuki Yoshino, Toshihiko Doi, Kohei Shitara
BACKGROUND: Ramucirumab has recently proved to be effective for advanced or recurrent gastric cancer (AGC). Ascites and peritoneal metastasis are among the most common complications of AGC. However, there are few data on the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel plus ramucirumab in patients with AGC with ascites. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel plus ramucirumab in patients with AGC with ascites. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel plus ramucirumab in patients with AGC with ascites in comparison with patients without ascites in a single institution from June 2015 to May 2016...
January 31, 2018: BMC Cancer
Suresh S Ramalingam, Maurice Pérol, Martin Reck, Ruben Dario Kowalyszyn, Oliver Gautschi, Martin Kimmich, Eun Kyung Cho, Grzegorz Czyzewicz, Alexandru Grigorescu, Nina Karaseva, Shaker Dakhil, Pablo Lee, Annamaria Zimmerman, Andreas Sashegyi, Ekaterine Alexandris, Gebra Cuyun Carter, Katherine B Winfree, Edward B Garon
INTRODUCTION: Ramucirumab, a recombinant human immunoglobulin G1 monoclonal antibody receptor antagonist designed to block the ligand-binding site of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), was evaluated as second-line treatment in combination with docetaxel in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer in the REVEL trial (NCT01168973). Ramucirumab significantly improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). We report age subgroup analysis results primarily on the basis of a 65-year cutoff...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
Sachiko Kenno, Shusaku Takahashi, Keita Noguchi, Hideki Yamagami, Hiroyuki Ishizu, Masahiro Takahashi
Ramucirumab(RAM)was approved for unresectable advanced gastric cancer in March 2015. Recent Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines recommended RAM plus paclitaxel(PTX)and RAM alone in the treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer who had been previously treated with chemotherapy. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of RAM alone and PTX plus RAM in these patients. Patients who were administered RAM or PTX plus RAM between March 2015 and December 2016 were enrolled in this study...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Peter Carmeliet, Xuri Li, Lucas Treps, Lena-Christin Conradi, Sonja Loges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Hideaki Bando, Hideki Shimodaira, Kazumasa Fujitani, Atsuo Takashima, Kensei Yamaguchi, Norisuke Nakayama, Takehiro Takahashi, Eiji Oki, Mizutomo Azuma, Tomohiro Nishina, Shuichi Hironaka, Yoshito Komatsu, Kohei Shitara
BACKGROUND: Nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel was developed to improve paclitaxel solubility and does not need premedication to avoid infusion-related reactions associated with solvent-based (sb)-paclitaxel. We conducted a phase II trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of nab-paclitaxel plus ramucirumab combination therapy for previously treated advanced gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer refractory to first-line chemotherapy were administered nab-paclitaxel 100 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1, 8 and 15, plus ramucirumab 8 mg/kg intravenously on days 1 and 15 of a 28-day cycle...
March 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Brian Mawalla, Xianglin Yuan, Xiaoxiao Luo, Phillip L Chalya
OBJECTIVES: Advanced gastric cancer poses a therapeutic challenge worldwide. In randomised clinical trials, anti-VEGF has been reported as an essential agent for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer. This review aims at assessing the treatment outcome of anti-angiogenesis therapy through the VEGF pathway in the management of patients with advanced gastric cancer. RESULTS: During this review, 38 clinical trials were identified. Of these, 30 clinical trials were excluded, leaving eight trials of phase II and III...
January 12, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Hideyuki Kosumi, Wataru Nishie, Tatsuro Sugai, Ellen Toyonaga, Norihiro Yoshimoto, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Ryota Horibe, Yasuo Kitamura, Hiroshi Nakatsumi, Hiroshi Shimizu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
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