keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

John lantos

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924060/the-dilemma-of-predicting-violent-radicalization
#1
Cécile Rousseau, B Heidi Ellis, John D Lantos
Parents, educators, law enforcement officials, and health professionals are all concerned about the violent radicalization of adolescents. Health professionals may be called on to assess teenagers regarding the risk that they will become dangerous. We present a case in which a psychiatrist is asked to do a forensic evaluation of a young adolescent who said troubling things and had some concerning posts on his Facebook page. The evaluation reveals things about both the young boy and his community.
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818435/a-parent-reveals-the-biases-that-she-faced-to-get-care-for-her-daughter
#2
Sosha Chaney, John D Lantos
A poor, African-American mother describes the difficulties that she has in getting a comprehensive medical evaluation for her child in an Emergency Room. Eventually, she finds the care and the caring that she needs at a medical clinic in a community health center.
August 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814577/physician-nurse-interactions-in-critical-care
#3
Sumaira Khowaja-Punjwani, Charlotte Smardo, Monica Rita Hendricks, John D Lantos
Nearly 20% of nurses leave their first job within a year of being hired. Many do so because they perceive the work environment to be unhealthy or nonsupportive. Nurse turnover is costly. When new nurses leave within 3 years of being hired, it costs the hospital $64 000, over and above salaries, to replace them. One of the hallmarks of an unhealthy work environment is poor communication between doctors and nurses. We present a case in which a nurse advocates for a young mother by questioning the doctor. She is reprimanded for doing so...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807641/a-novel-partnership-disrupts-the-norm-in-early-childhood-education-and-pediatric-health-care
#4
EDITORIAL
M Denise Dowd, John D Lantos
Children living in poverty in the United States in 2016 face a devastating combination of psychological problems. Their neighborhoods are often violent. They have no place to get healthy food. It is not safe to play outside, even on playgrounds. The children who grow up in this environment, not surprisingly, have many adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). ACEs cause toxic stress. Toxic stress leads to long-term physical and psychological problems. For many pediatricians, children's hospitals, civic leaders, and public health officials, it is difficult to know how to intervene...
August 11, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800375/the-tragic-case-of-charlie-gard
#5
John D Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768131/what-we-do-when-we-resuscitate-extremely-preterm-infants
#6
Jeremy R Garrett, Brian S Carter, John D Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759411/controversy-about-dialysis-for-an-adolescent
#7
Tyler Tate, Aviva Goldberg, Aaron Wightman, Bradley A Warady, John D Lantos
For patients on dialysis, 1 frequent cause of death is their voluntary decision to discontinue dialysis. Such decisions raise complex questions when the patient is a competent adult. The decisions are even more complex when the patient is an adolescent. In this article, we present a case in which a 17-year-old adolescent decided that she no longer wished to undergo dialysis through her fistula. Her doctors thought that dialysis using any other technique would be too dangerous. Four experts in pediatric nephrology, bioethics, and palliative care discuss this decision and the different ways that the health care team might respond...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679640/palliative-sedation-with-propofol-for-an-adolescent-with-a-dnr-order
#8
Liza-Marie Johnson, Joel Frader, Joanne Wolfe, Justin N Baker, Doralina L Anghelescu, John D Lantos
Death from cancer is often painful. Usually, the pain can be relieved in ways that allow patients to remain awake and alert until the end. Sometimes, however, the only way to relieve pain is to sedate patients until they are unconscious. This method has been called palliative sedation therapy. Palliative sedation therapy is controversial because it can be misunderstood as euthanasia. We present a case in which an adolescent who is dying of leukemia has intractable pain. Experts in oncology, ethics, pain management, and palliative care discuss the trade-offs associated with different treatment strategies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667766/shared-decision-making-value-pluralism-and-the-zone-of-parental-discretion
#9
Joseph W Kaempf, Nicholas Kockler, Mark W Tomlinson
"Good ethics start with good facts" wrote John Lantos and William Meadow in a 2009 editorial addressing periviability controversies - debates that continue to generate lively discussion amongst neonatologists, obstetricians, ethicists, and families (1). How do we best promote shared decision making with pregnant women who, through no fault of their own, might deliver an extremely premature infant? Unfortunately, the recent "A Different View" in this journal by Dr. Patrick Marmion regarding periviability issues in general, and specifically our shared decision making model at Providence St...
July 1, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562274/ethical-controversy-about-hysterectomy-for-a-minor
#10
Alyssa M Burgart, Julie Strickland, Dena Davis, Arlene B Baratz, Katrina Karkazis, John D Lantos
One of the most complicated ethical issues that arises in children's hospitals today is the issue of whether it is ever permissible to perform a procedure for a minor that will result in permanent sterilization. In most cases, the answer is no. The availability of good, safe, long-acting contraception allows surgical options to be postponed when the primary goal of such surgical options is to prevent pregnancy. But what if a minor has congenital urogenital anomalies or other medical conditions for which the best treatment is a hysterectomy? In those cases, the primary goal of therapy is not to prevent pregnancy...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557751/grief-and-burnout-in-the-picu
#11
Suzanne Crowe, Shayla Sullivant, Laura Miller-Smith, John D Lantos
Doctors and nurses who work in PICUs often deal with emotionally difficult events. These events take a toll. They can cause long-term psychological problems that, if not addressed, can impair the ability of doctors and nurses to care for patients in a competent and compassionate manner. Furthermore, effective treatment is available. But there is a paradox. To get treatment, one must acknowledge the problem. Acknowledgment of the problem may not be encouraged, or may be discouraged and stigmatized, in the intensive care culture...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509687/trust-in-the-medical-profession-among-adolescents-in-an-emergency-department
#12
Kelstan Lynch Ellis, Kimberly Randell, John Lantos, Melissa K Miller
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess trust in the medical profession among adolescents in an urban pediatric emergency department (ED) and explore factors associated with trust. METHODS: We used a computerized survey to assess personal trust, perceived trust among family/friends, health care use, general and genital examination preferences, health behaviors, and demographics among youth aged 14 to 19 years. The primary outcome was the mean composite score of a validated 5-item scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489312/blowing-the-whistle-moral-distress-and-advocacy-for-preterm-infants-and-their-families
#13
EDITORIAL
Annie Janvier, Trisha Prentice, John Lantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365826/treatment-decisions-for-babies-with-trisomy-13-and-18
#14
Isabella Pallotto, John D Lantos
Many babies with trisomy 13 and 18 die in the first year of life. Survivors all have severe cognitive impairment. There has been a debate among both professionals and parents about whether it is appropriate to provide life-sustaining interventions to babies with these serious conditions. On one side of the debate are those who argue that there is no point in providing invasive, painful, and expensive procedures when the only outcomes are either early death or survival with severe cognitive impairment. Others suggest that, although mortality is high and cognitive impairment universal, babies with these conditions have an acceptable quality of life...
April 1, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329259/evaluation-of-modified-2-tiered-serodiagnostic-testing-algorithms-for-early-lyme-disease
#15
John A Branda, Klemen Strle, Lise E Nigrovic, Paul M Lantos, Timothy J Lepore, Nitin S Damle, Mary Jane Ferraro, Allen C Steere
Background: The conventional 2-tiered serologic testing protocol for Lyme disease (LD), an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) followed by immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G Western blots, performs well in late-stage LD but is insensitive in patients with erythema migrans (EM), the most common manifestation of the illness. Western blots are also complex, difficult to interpret, and relatively expensive. In an effort to improve test performance and simplify testing in early LD, we evaluated several modified 2-tiered testing (MTTT) protocols, which use 2 assays designed as first-tier tests sequentially, without the need of Western blots...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301843/specialty-based-variation-in-applying-maternal-fetal-surgery-trial-evidence
#16
Ryan M Antiel, Alan W Flake, Mark P Johnson, Nahla Khalek, Natalie E Rintoul, John D Lantos, Farr A Curlin, Jon C Tilburt, Chris Feudtner
INTRODUCTION: The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) compared prenatal with postnatal surgery for fetal myelomeningocele (MMC). We sought to understand how subspecialists interpreted the trial results and whether their practice has changed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, mailed survey of 1,200 randomly selected maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) physicians, neonatologists, and pediatric surgeons. RESULTS: Of 1,176 eligible physicians, 670 (57%) responded...
March 17, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255068/genomic-contraindications-for-heart-transplantation
#17
Danton S Char, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Aliessa Barnes, David Magnus, Michael J Deem, John D Lantos
Genome sequencing raises new ethical challenges. Decoding the genome produces new forms of diagnostic and prognostic information; however, the information is often difficult to interpret. The connection between most genetic variants and their phenotypic manifestations is not understood. This scenario is particularly true for disorders that are not associated with an autosomal genetic variant. The analytic uncertainty is compounded by moral uncertainty about how, exactly, the results of genomic testing should influence clinical decisions...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174202/ethical-concerns-when-minors-act-as-standardized-patients
#18
Erwin Jiayuan Khoo, Robert D Schremmer, Douglas S Diekema, John D Lantos
When minors are asked to assist medical educators by acting as standardized patients (SPs), there is a potential for the minors to be exploited. Minors deserve protection from exploitation. Such protection has been written into regulations governing medical research and into child labor laws. But there are no similar guidelines for minors' work in medical education. This article addresses the question of whether there should be rules. Should minors be required to give their informed consent or assent? Are there certain practices that could cause harm for the children who become SPs? We present a controversial case and ask a number of experts to consider the ethical issues that arise when minors are asked to act as SPs in medical education...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096516/newborn-sequencing-in-genomic-medicine-and-public-health
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jonathan S Berg, Pankaj B Agrawal, Donald B Bailey, Alan H Beggs, Steven E Brenner, Amy M Brower, Julie A Cakici, Ozge Ceyhan-Birsoy, Kee Chan, Flavia Chen, Robert J Currier, Dmitry Dukhovny, Robert C Green, Julie Harris-Wai, Ingrid A Holm, Brenda Iglesias, Galen Joseph, Stephen F Kingsmore, Barbara A Koenig, Pui-Yan Kwok, John Lantos, Steven J Leeder, Megan A Lewis, Amy L McGuire, Laura V Milko, Sean D Mooney, Richard B Parad, Stacey Pereira, Joshua Petrikin, Bradford C Powell, Cynthia M Powell, Jennifer M Puck, Heidi L Rehm, Neil Risch, Myra Roche, Joseph T Shieh, Narayanan Veeraraghavan, Michael S Watson, Laurel Willig, Timothy W Yu, Tiina Urv, Anastasia L Wise
The rapid development of genomic sequencing technologies has decreased the cost of genetic analysis to the extent that it seems plausible that genome-scale sequencing could have widespread availability in pediatric care. Genomic sequencing provides a powerful diagnostic modality for patients who manifest symptoms of monogenic disease and an opportunity to detect health conditions before their development. However, many technical, clinical, ethical, and societal challenges should be addressed before such technology is widely deployed in pediatric practice...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073959/surrogate-pregnancy-after-prenatal-diagnosis-of-spina-bifida
#20
Lynnette J Mazur, Mary Kay Kisthardt, Helen H Kim, Laura M Rosas, John D Lantos
Some pregnancies today involve infertile individuals or couples who contract with a fertile woman to carry a pregnancy for them. The woman who carries the pregnancy is referred to as a "gestational carrier." The use of such arrangements is increasing. Most of the time, these arrangements play out as planned; sometimes, however, problems arise. This article discusses a case in which a fetal diagnosis of spina bifida led the infertile couple to request that the gestational carrier terminate the pregnancy, and the gestational carrier did not wish to do so...
February 2017: Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
46643
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"