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Headache childhood

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536838/outcomes-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children
#1
J Heyman, Ronak Ved, A Amato-Watkins, I Bhatti, J Te Water Naude, F Gibbon, P Leach
PURPOSE: The ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt has become the procedure of choice for treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We aimed to assess the efficacy of frameless stereotactic placement of VP shunts for the management of medically resistant IIH in children and to assess the role of gender and obesity in the aetiology of the condition. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the case notes of 10 patients treated surgically at the University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff, from May 2006 to September 2012...
May 23, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527072/from-0%C3%A2-to-18%C3%A2-how-headache-changes-over-time
#2
Vincenzo Guidetti, Noemi Faedda
Recognize the presence of headache at early age is essential to prevent that the disorder interferes with physical, psychological and social functioning. However, there are several differences between adults and children in the clinical manifestation of headache such as quality and severity of pain, trigger, associated symptoms, gender, duration of attacks, number of daytime attacks, comorbidities and red flags of secondary headache. These differences can make the diagnosis more complex in early ages than in adults, so it is essential to know how headache changes over time to identify its presence in the earliest phases of childhood...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488756/cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-adults-and-children-a-hypothesis
#3
Sylvain Redon, Cécile Mareau, Eric Guedj, Anne Donnet
OBJECTIVE: To see how patients' clinical descriptions compare to the third classification of International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-III beta). BACKGROUND: CVS is an episodic syndrome associated with migraine. It is a rare disorder of childhood and adulthood. New criteria are proposed in the third classification of International Classification of Headache Disorders. METHODS: This study describes children and adults' CVS characteristics at a French tertiary-care center, according to the ICHD-II and ICHD-III beta criteria...
May 10, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434139/neurological-manifestations-of-atypical-celiac-disease-in-childhood
#4
Çiğdem Genç Sel, Erhan Aksoy, Ayşe Aksoy, Deniz Yüksel, Ferda Özbay
Various typical and atypical neurological manifestations can be seen as the initial symptoms of celiac disease (CD). We suggest that gluten toxicity is the most suspicious triggering risk factor for probable pathophysiological pathways of neurological involvement in atypical CD. The medical charts of 117 patients diagnosed with atypical CD were retrieved from a tertiary center in Ankara, Turkey. Eight patients reported as having neurologic manifestations as initiating symptoms were evaluated in detail. The initial neurological manifestations of CD in our study included atypical absence, which was reported first in this study, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, complex partial seizures, severe axial hypotonia and down phenotype, multifocal leukoencephalopathy, mild optic neuritis, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and short duration headaches...
April 22, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416004/clinical-study-of-children-with-takayasu-arteritis-a-retrospective-study-from-a-single-center-in-china
#5
Ye Feng, Xuemei Tang, Mingyue Liu, Juan Zhou, Xiaodong Zhao, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND: Delayed diagnosis of childhood Takayasu arteritis (TA) is common due to its atypical symptoms. The objective of the present study was to summarize the clinical features of childhood TA to raise awareness and improve management. METHODS: Eleven children diagnosed with TA at our hospital were enrolled. Clinical information, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome were then examined retrospectively. The Pediatric Vasculitis Activity Score (PVAS) and the Indian Takayasu Clinical Activity Score (ITAS2010) were used to assess disease activity...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414397/childhood-headache-a-brief-review
#6
Heidi K Blume
Headaches are common in childhood and adolescence and can cause significant distress and disability for a child and their family. Providers need to be able to identify "red flags" for worrisome causes of secondary headaches and recognize typical primary headache characteristics to provide each patient with the best possible care to improve their quality of life and minimize disability. This article reviews the epidemiology of headaches in children, signs and symptoms of secondary headaches, definitions of some primary childhood headaches, and options for management of both acute and chronic pediatric migraine...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405174/predicting-the-occurrence-of-headache-and-back-pain-in-young-adults-by-biopsychological-characteristics-assessed-at-childhood-or-adolescence
#7
Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Anastasia Gorbunova, Jennifer Maas
The aim of the current study was to identify predictors of recurrent headache and back pain in young adults (aged 18-27 years) from data assessed in childhood or adolescence, i.e., 9 years before the final survey. Our interest was whether psychological characteristics contribute to the risk of pain prevalence in adult age when controlling for already empirically supported risk factors such as parental pain, pediatric pain and sex. The study was part of a five-wave epidemiological investigation of >5000 families with children aged between 7 and 14 years when addressed first...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375411/severe-polyarthralgia-high-grade-fever-diffuse-maculopapular-rash-on-trunk-and-extremities-%C3%A2-dx
#8
Stephen D Hoag, Karen Chung
The patient was nauseous, and had been experiencing headaches, generalized weakness, and fatigue. Her physical exam revealed a maculopapular rash on her trunk and upper extremities. She had tenderness and pain, as well as decreased range of motion in her ankles, knees, and wrists. The patient had no erythema, swelling, petechiae, or bruising. She had a past medical history of Graves' disease and had received all of her childhood immunizations.
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356250/pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome-in-childhood-incidence-clinical-profile-and-risk-factors-in-a-national-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Yim-Yee Matthews, Fiona Dean, Ming J Lim, Karen Mclachlan, Alan S Rigby, Guirish A Solanki, Catharine P White, William P Whitehouse, Colin R Kennedy
AIM: To investigate the epidemiology, clinical profile and risk factors of pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) in children aged 1-16 years. METHODS: A national prospective population-based cohort study over 25 months. Newly diagnosed PTCS cases notified via British Paediatric Surveillance Unit were ascertained using classical diagnostic criteria and categorised according to 2013 revised diagnostic criteria. We derived national age, sex and weight-specific annual incidence rates and assessed effects of sex and weight categories...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339329/morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-meningioma-after-cranial-radiotherapy-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#10
Daniel C Bowers, Chaya S Moskowitz, Joanne F Chou, Claire M Mazewski, Joseph P Neglia, Gregory T Armstrong, Wendy M Leisenring, Leslie L Robison, Kevin C Oeffinger
Purpose Little is known about neurologic morbidity attributable to cranial radiotherapy (CRT) -associated meningiomas. Materials and Methods From 4,221 survivors exposed to CRT in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, a diagnosis of meningioma and onset of neurologic sequelae were ascertained. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% CIs to evaluate the factors associated with neurologic sequelae after subsequent meningioma. Results One hundred ninety-nine meningiomas were identified among 169 participants...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280345/screening-for-bipolar-disorder-among-migraineurs-the-impact-of-migraine-bipolar-disorder-comorbidity-on-disease-characteristics
#12
Yigit Kivilcim, Merih Altintas, Fusun Mayda Domac, Erkal Erzincan, Huseyin Gülec
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) among migraineurs and the impact of migraine-BD comorbidity on disease characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients diagnosed with migraine at a single tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and migraine-related characteristics, family history of psychiatric diseases, comorbid psychiatric diseases, and first-episode characteristics were recorded...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272118/common-pediatric-pain-disorders-and-their-clinical-associations
#13
Theresa Donnelly, Aneeka Bott, Minh Bui, Shuxiang Goh, Tiina Jaaniste, Cindy Chapman, Matthew Crawford, John L Hopper, David Champion
BACKGROUND: Common childhood pain conditions (non-migraine headache, migraine, recurrent abdominal pain, growing pains, low back pain) and persistent pains are often associated with each other and have significant implications in later life. Emerging evidence suggests additional associations between these pain conditions and restless legs syndrome, iron deficiency, anxiety and depression. The aim of this cross-sectional study in pediatric twin individuals and their siblings was to investigate these associations...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270183/the-link-between-obesity-and-migraine-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
G Farello, P Ferrara, A Antenucci, C Basti, A Verrotti
Obesity and headache are two highly prevalent diseases both in adults and children and they are associated with a strong personal and social impact. Many studies suggest that obesity is comorbid with headache in general, and migraine in particular and obesity seems to be a risk factor for migraine progression and for migraine frequency both in adults and in children. Research shows that there are multiple areas of overlap between migraine pathophysiology and the central and peripheral pathways regulating feeding: inflammatory mediators such as the calcitonin gene-related protein (CGRP), neurotransmitters such as serotonin, peptides such as orexin and adipocytokines such as adiponectin (ADP) and leptin could explain the common pathogenesis...
March 7, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248699/co-occurrence-of-migraine-and-atopy-in-children-and-adolescents-myth-or-a-casual-relationship
#15
Aynur Özge, Derya Uluduz, Hayrunnisa Bolay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To clarify the causal relationship between migraine and atopic disorders in children and adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: Migraine headache and atopic disorders including asthma are both common functional syndromes of childhood in which nature of the relationship is still debated. Attacks may induce in both disorders upon exposure to potential triggers in genetically susceptible individuals. Clinical phenotype manifests by temporary dysfunction of target tissue mediated by inflammation triggered by specific agents...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217160/primary-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-rare-and-reversible-cause-of-childhood-stroke
#16
Aashima Dabas, Sangeeta Yadav
Childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (cPACNS) is a rare and a potentially fatal cause of childhood stroke. The disease poses a diagnostic dilemma for the clinicians due to overlapping and varied clinical manifestations such as headache, focal acute neurological deficits, cognitive impairment, or encephalopathy. We report a young boy who presented with low-grade fever and headache but rapidly progressed to develop acute encephalopathy and quadriparesis with multiple cranial nerve palsies, masquerading as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160287/association-between-migraine-and-atopic-diseases-in-childhood-a-potential-protective-role-of-anti-allergic-drugs
#17
Camille Aupiais, Stephanie Wanin, Silvia Romanello, Daniele Spiri, Raffaella Moretti, Priscilla Boizeau, Davide Massano, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Giovanni Crichiutti, Lakshmi Kanagarajah, Veronique Houdouin, Corinne Alberti, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common cause of headache in childhood. Several studies have investigated the association between migraine and atopic diseases, mostly in the adult population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate this association in children. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted across 3 European tertiary care hospitals between June 2014 and August 2014. Cases (n = 229) were children aged 6-18 years consulting for a migraine episode...
April 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137899/cerebral-venous-thrombosis-as-the-first-presentation-of-classical-homocystinuria-in-an-adult-patient
#18
Emily Woods, Charlotte Dawson, Latha Senthil, Tarekegn Geberhiwot
A 30-year-old woman presented with severe headache, dysarthria and right hemiparesis. She was treated for suspected viral encephalopathy and recovered over the following weeks although the headaches persisted. Two months later she was treated in-hospital for pulmonary embolism. The following year she was readmitted for increased frequency of headaches and was given a diagnosis of migraine. A subsequent MRI head scan was suggestive of longstanding venous sinus infarcts and neuroradiology review concluded that encephalitis had been the incorrect initial diagnosis...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118527/from-childhood-to-adulthood-the-trajectory-of-damage-in-patients-with-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Lily Sh Lim, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Lillian Lim, Dafna Gladman, Brian Feldman, Earl Silverman
Objectives 1) To determine the longitudinal damage trajectory of patients with childhood-onset SLE (cSLE). 2) To identify baseline and disease course predictors of damage trajectory. Methods This is a retrospective inception cohort. Longitudinal pediatric-age data was obtained from a cSLE research database while adult-age data was obtained from either a research database or patients' charts. Baseline factors were tested as predictors. Time-varying factors were lagged 6 to 24 months before a visit for testing their predictive effects...
January 24, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094079/a-stroke-mimic-methotrexate-induced-neurotoxicity-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Patrick Rogers, Wilbur J Pan, Richard A Drachtman, Christopher Haines
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common form of childhood leukemia. The treatment of ALL involves multimodality therapy, and methotrexate (MTX) remains a mainstay of treatment. A complication of MTX therapy includes acute, subacute, and chronic neurotoxocity. Signs and symptoms may range from headaches, dizziness, and mood disorders to seizures and stroke-like symptoms. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old woman with a history of ALL presented to the emergency department with acute onset of right-sided facial paralysis, right upper extremity flaccid paralysis, and right lower extremity weakness after receiving MTX therapy 3 days earlier...
April 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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