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Headache childhood

Zhang Chao, Huang Gui Jin, Yu Cong
BACKGROUND: The incidence of early childhood caries shows a significant increasing trend. Often, children younger than 6 years need additional help to finish the dental treatment. Therefore, general anesthesia (GA) could help to provide a successful environment for pediatric dental treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) on the patients' oral health in Chongqing, Southwest China using the P-CPQ and the FIS questionnaires...
October 25, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
BACKGROUND: The premonitory stage of migraine attacks, when symptomatology outside of pain can manifest hours to days before the onset of the headache, is well recognised. Such symptoms have been reported in adults in a number of studies, and have value in predicting an impending headache. These symptoms have not been extensively studied in children. We aimed to characterise which, if any, of these symptoms are reported in children seen within a Specialist Headache Service. METHODS: We reviewed clinic letters from the initial consultation of children and adolescents seen within the Specialist Headache Service at Great Ormond Street Hospital between 1999 and 2015 with migraine in whom we had prospectively assessed clinical phenotype data...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Adriana Yock-Corrales, Flory Varela-Bulgarelli, Cary Barboza, Alfonso Gutierrez-Mata, Mark T Mackay, Franz Babl
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to describe clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of stroke in a tertiary emergency department (ED) of a developing country. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective case series of patients aged 1 month to 18 years presenting to an ED with radiological confirmed acute stroke during a 7-year period were studied. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were identified. Twenty-five patients were excluded because of incomplete records (8) or not presenting via ED (17)...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Kelsey Merison, Howard Jacobs
While the diagnosis of migraine in children is generally straightforward, treatment can seem complex with a number of medication choices, many of which are used "off label." Patients with intermittent migraines can often be managed with ibuprofen or naproxen taken as needed. Unfortunately, by the time that children present to our practice, they have often tried these medications without improvement. Triptans are frequently prescribed to these patients with good success. It is important to make the patient aware of the possible associated serotonergic reactions...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Fernando R Carvalho, Débora A Lentini-Oliveira, Lucila Bf Prado, Gilmar F Prado, Luciane Bc Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Apnoea is a breathing disorder marked by the absence of airflow at the nose or mouth. In children, risk factors include adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, neuromuscular disorders and craniofacial anomalies. The most common treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in childhood is adeno-tonsillectomy. This approach is limited by its surgical risks, mostly in children with comorbidities and, in some patients, by recurrence that can be associated with craniofacial problems...
October 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
L C Alvaro-Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Migraine is a very common disorder with a raising incidence. The theory of evolution allow us to explain the emergence of the disorder, due to the advantages that the overreactivity to stimulus provided to ancestral groups of Homo sapiens, and a greater presence of the disorder in modern societies, based in the interactions with external factors. Herein we analyze these points. DEVELOPMENT: Design of organisms and their responses to environmental factors emerge to improve survival...
October 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
K Jahn
Vertigo and dizziness of at least moderate severity occur in >5% of school-aged children and cause considerable restrictions in participation in school and leisure activity. More than 50% of dizzy children also have headache. Vestibular migraine and benign paroxysmal vertigo as a migraine precursor are the most common diagnoses in dizziness clinics for children and adolescents. They account for 30-60% of diagnoses. Other common causes are somatoform, orthostatic, or posttraumatic dizziness. All other disorders that are known to cause vertigo and dizziness in adults also occur in children, but incidence rates are usually lower...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Fabian Speth, Johannes-Peter Haas, Claas H Hinze
BACKGROUND: High-dose intravenous immune globulins (IVIg) are frequently used in refractory juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) but are often poorly tolerated. High-dose recombinant human hyaluronidase-facilitated subcutaneous immune globulins (fSCIg) allow the administration of much higher doses of immune globulins than conventional subcutaneous immune globulin therapy and may be an alternative to IVIg. The safety and efficacy of fSCIg therapy in JDM is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: In this retrospective case series, five patients with steroid-refractory severe JDM were treated with high-dose fSCIg due to IVIg adverse effects (severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, difficult venous access)...
2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Vincenzo Guidetti, Noemi Faedda, Michael Siniatchkin
It is well documented that headache is a multifactorial disorder which includes not only genetic, biological, medical and neuropsychological factor but also psychological and personality traits. The close relationship between stress and migraine attacks and the significant psychiatric comorbidities in migraine provide evidence of a "paradigm" of tight interaction between somatic and psychological aspects in paediatric migraine. In particular in younger children, an uncomfortable situation, a psychological problem or an emotional distress is rarely expressed directly but usually through physical symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Morris Gordon, John K MacDonald, Claire E Parker, Anthony K Akobeng, Adrian G Thomas
BACKGROUND: Constipation within childhood is an extremely common problem. Despite the widespread use of osmotic and stimulant laxatives by health professionals to manage constipation in children, there has been a long standing paucity of high quality evidence to support this practice. OBJECTIVES: We set out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of osmotic and stimulant laxatives used to treat functional childhood constipation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Trials Register from inception to 10 March 2016...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ahmad Faried, Muhammad A Pribadi, Sheila Sumargo, Muhammad Z Arifin, Bethy S Hernowo
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is a highly malignant embryonal tumor which commonly arises in the cerebellum. It is relatively rare and accounts for less than 2% of all primary brain tumors. The tumor primarily occurs in childhood; however, rarely, it may be found in adult population. In addition, medulloblastoma in adult population shows features which are quite distinct from the pediatric group. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 33-year-old man who presented to our institution with a history of blurred vision of both eyes for 5 months preceded by intermittent headache since the previous year...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
Angela M Chen, Jonathan M Holmes, Danielle L Chandler, Reena A Patel, Michael E Gray, S Ayse Erzurum, David K Wallace, Raymond T Kraker, Allison A Jensen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of overminus spectacles in improving control of childhood intermittent exotropia (IXT). DESIGN: Randomized, clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 58 children aged 3 to <7 years with IXT. Eligibility criteria included a distance control score of 2 or worse (mean of 3 measures during a single examination) on a scale of 0 (exophoria) to 5 (constant exotropia) and spherical equivalent refractive error between -6...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
Marco Felipe Silva, Ana Raquel Feitosa, José A Paz, Nádia Emi Aikawa, Clovis A Silva
Childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (cPACNS) is a rare inflammatory brain disease of unknown etiology. Of note, brain hemorrhage has been rarely reported in cPACNS patients, generally associated with a delayed clinical diagnosis, or with a diagnosis only at necropsy. We present the case of a boy with cPACNS that previously suffered an ischemic stroke. At the age of 7 years and 10 months, he presented a sudden and severe headache, vomiting and reduction in consciousness level (Glasgow coma scale 7), requiring prompt tracheal intubation...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Derya Tepe, Fatma Demirel, Esra Dag Seker, Ebru Petek Arhan, Meltem Tayfun, Ihsan Esen, Ozlem Kara, Murat Kizilgun
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is one of the most important and rare complications of obesity. Prevalence of IIH in childhood obesity is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of IIH in obese children and adolescents and to investigate the relevant factors. METHODS: In this study, 1058 obese children and adolescents between 2 and 18 years of age were included. Funduscopic examination was conducted for all subjects...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Anker Stubberud, Emma Varkey, Douglas C McCrory, Sindre Andre Pedersen, Mattias Linde
CONTEXT: Migraine is a common problem in children and adolescents, but few satisfactory prophylactic treatments exist. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate the pooled evidence for the effectiveness of using biofeedback to reduce childhood migraine. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted across the databases Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and PsychINFO. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective, randomized controlled trials of biofeedback for migraine among children and adolescents were located in the search...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Daniel J Taylor, Kristi E Pruiksma, Willie J Hale, Kevin Kelly, Douglas Maurer, Alan L Peterson, Jim Mintz, Brett T Litz, Douglas E Williamson
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, correlates, and predictors of insomnia in US Army personnel prior to deployment. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort design assessing insomnia and other psychosocial variables in active duty service members (n = 4,101), at Fort Hood, Texas, prior to military deployment. Insomnia was defined as an Insomnia Severity Index ≥ 15. RESULTS: The prevalence of insomnia was 19.9%. Enlisted personnel were five times more likely to report insomnia than officers (odds ratio [OR] = 5...
October 1, 2016: Sleep
David J Liu, Renee Perrier, Xing-Chang Wei, Jeffrey T Joseph, Douglas Strother
Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare childhood tumor, often associated with germline DICER1 mutations and a risk for development of other benign and malignant tumors, a constellation termed DICER1 syndrome. A 1-year-old male was diagnosed with Type I PPB and screened regularly thereafter for detection of intrathoracic and intraabdominal disease. Ten months after diagnosis of PPB, he presented with headaches and vomiting. He was diagnosed with atypical choroid plexus papilloma, a lesion not previously reported with PPB...
July 21, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Katie A McLaughlin, Archana Basu, Kate Walsh, Natalie Slopen, Jennifer A Sumner, Karestan C Koenen, Katherine M Keyes
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to violence is associated with chronic physical conditions in adults. Although violence exposure is common among youths, it is unknown whether violence is associated with chronic physical conditions in childhood and adolescence. We examined the associations of violence exposure with chronic physical conditions in a population-representative sample of US adolescents and determined whether associations were explained by co-occurring mental disorders. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), a national cross-sectional survey of 6,483 adolescents (ages 13-17)...
July 15, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Si Zhang, Yuan Fang, Bo Wen Cai, Jian Guo Xu, Chao You
BACKGROUND: Craniopharyngiomas are the most common benign histological tumours to involve the hypothalamo-pituitary region in childhood. Cystic craniopharyngiomas account for more than 90% of the tumours. The optimal treatment of cystic craniopharyngioma remains controversial. Radical resection is the treatment of choice in patients with favourable tumour localisation. When the tumour localisation is unfavourable, a gross-total or partial resection followed by radiotherapy is the main treatment option in adults...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ayşe Aksoy, Göknur Haliloğlu, Dilek Yalnızoğlu, Güzide Turanlı
We studied childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CEOP) with regard to typical and/or atypical ictal symptoms, EEG findings, as well as atypical evolution and outcome. This report focuses on the main clinical and EEG features of CEOP underlying its atypical symptoms and its management. Thirty-five patients with CEOP were subdivided into Panayiotopoulos syndrome (n=15), Gastaut syndrome (n=11), and mixed type (n=9). Nine patients (25%) with CEOP (mixed type) had shown atypical ictal manifestations and presented combinations of vomiting (100%) along with visual symptoms (66%), and/or eye deviation (66%), and headaches (44%)...
September 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
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