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Attributional style

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#1
Sandra L Siedlecki
: : Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225464/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#2
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#3
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213204/a-description-of-an-obesogenic-eating-style-that-promotes-higher-energy-intake-and-is-associated-with-greater-adiposity-in-4-5year-old-children-results-from-the-gusto-cohort
#4
Anna Fogel, Ai Ting Goh, Lisa R Fries, Suresh Anand Sadananthan, S Sendhil Velan, Navin Michael, Mya Thway Tint, Marielle Valerie Fortier, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
Recent findings confirm that faster eating rates support higher energy intakes within a meal and are associated with increased body weight and adiposity in children. The current study sought to identify the eating behaviours that underpin faster eating rates and energy intake in children, and to investigate their variations by weight status and other individual differences. Children (N=386) from the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort took part in a video-recorded ad libitum lunch at 4...
February 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192281/design-of-a-head-phantom-produced-on-a-3d-rapid-prototyping-printer-and-comparison-with-a-rando-and-3m-lucite-head-phantom-in-eye-dosimetry-applications
#5
Peter Homolka, Michael Figl, Andreas Wartak, Mathias Glanzer, Martina Duenkelmeyer, Azadeh Hojreh, Johann Hummel
An anthropomorphic head phantom including eye inserts allowing placement of TLDs 3 mm below the cornea has been produced on a 3D printer using photo-cured-acrylic resin to best allow tissue equivalence. Thus Hp(3) can be determined in radiological and interventional photon radiation fields. Eye doses and doses to the forehead have been compared to an Alderson RANDO head and a 3M Lucite skull phantom in terms of surface dose per incident air kerma for frontal irradiation since the commercial phantoms do not allow placement of TLDs 3 mm below the corneal surface...
February 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160626/improving-measurement-of-attributional-style-in-schizophrenia-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-ambiguous-intentions-hostility-questionnaire-aihq
#6
Benjamin Buck, Colin Iwanski, Kristin M Healey, Michael F Green, William P Horan, Robert S Kern, Junghee Lee, Stephen R Marder, Steve P Reise, David L Penn
While attributional style is regarded as a core domain of social cognition, questions persist about the psychometric characteristics of measures used to assess it. One widely used assessment of attributional style is the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ). Two limitations of the AIHQ include (1) a possible restricted range resulting from too few and too homogenous item scenarios, and (2) use of rater scores that are cumbersome and time-consuming to score and have unknown incremental validity...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149361/case-study-of-mental-skills-training-for-a-taekwondo-olympian
#7
TaeHee Lim, David Michael O'Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of systematic mental skills training (MST) for a taekwondo gold medallist. Based on MST of other sports, this programme was designed for a single subject who competed in the Olympics. The Korean test of performance strategies, Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes, and a few sessions of interviews were applied to investigate the effect of MST. The pre and post-test mean scores of both the Korean test of performance strategies and Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes were compared...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132188/therapist-reflective-functioning-therapist-attachment-style-and-therapist-effectiveness
#8
John Cologon, Robert D Schweitzer, Robert King, Tobias Nolte
This study investigated the relationship between two therapist attributes (reflective functioning and attachment style) and client outcome. Twenty-five therapists treated a total of 1001 clients. Therapists were assessed for reflective functioning and attachment style using the Adult Attachment Interview and the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale. Clinical outcome was measured using the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45). Data were analysed using hierarchical linear modelling. Results indicated that therapist reflective functioning predicted therapist effectiveness, whereas attachment style did not...
January 28, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128557/influence-of-production-method-on-the-chemical-composition-foaming-properties-and-quality-of-australian-carbonated-and-sparkling-white-wines
#9
Julie Culbert, Jacqui M McRae, Bruna Condé, Leigh M Schmidtke, Emily Nicholson, Paul A Smith, Kate Howell, Paul Kenneth Boss, Kerry L Wilkinson
The chemical composition (protein, polysaccharide, amino acid and fatty acid/ethyl ester content), foaming properties and quality of fifty Australian sparkling white wines, representing the four key production methods, i.e. Méthode Traditionelle (n=20), transfer (n=10), Charmat (n=10) and carbonation (n=10), were studied. Méthode Traditionelle wines were typically rated highest in quality and were higher in alcohol and protein content, but lower in residual sugar and total phenolics, than other sparkling wines...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123354/lung-cancer-and-tobacco-smoking-in-crete-greece-reflections-from-a-population-based-cancer-registry-from-1992-to-2013
#10
D Sifaki-Pistolla, C Lionis, V Georgoulias, P Kyriakidis, F Koinis, S Aggelaki, N Tzanakis
BACKGROUND: The Cancer Registry of Crete is a regional population database that collects cancer morbidity/mortality data along with several risk factors. The current study assessed the geographical variation of lung cancer among ever and never smokers in Crete during the last 20 years. METHOD: Lung cancer patient records (1992-2013) including information on medical history and smoking habits were obtained from the Cancer Registry of Crete. Age-Adjusted Incidence Rates (AAIR), prevalence of smoking among lung cancer patients and the Population-Attributable Fraction (PAF%) of tobacco smoking were estimated...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107041/sleep-and-optimism-a-longitudinal-study-of-bidirectional-causal-relationship-and-its-mediating-and-moderating-variables-in-a-chinese-student-sample
#11
Esther Yuet Ying Lau, C Harry Hui, Jasmine Lam, Shu-Fai Cheung
While both sleep and optimism have been found to be predictive of well-being, few studies have examined their relationship with each other. Neither do we know much about the mediators and moderators of the relationship. This study investigated (1) the causal relationship between sleep quality and optimism in a college student sample, (2) the role of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress as mediators, and (3) how circadian preference might moderate the relationship. Internet survey data were collected from 1,684 full-time university students (67...
January 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#12
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096706/balancing-standardized-testing-with-personalized-training-in-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Aadil Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Nasir I Bhatti
Students pursuing a medical career in the US are subject to standardized testing at regular intervals. These standardized tests not only quantify the milestones students have already achieved, but also define the path for future achievements. The purpose of these examinations is to help students become self-directed, lifelong learners - an essential attribute of a medical professional. However, whether preparing for these examinations actually makes students such disciplined learners needs to be examined. Especially during residency training with its limited time and unpredictable exposure, trainees must learn in the most efficient way for their learning styles, and thus develop attributes that will be helpful to them in their medical career...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095334/predictors-and-mediators-of-trait-anger-across-the-psychosis-continuum-the-role-of-attachment-style-paranoia-and-social-cognition
#14
Hannah Darrell-Berry, Sandra Bucci, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Richard Emsley, Richard Drake, Katherine Berry
Anger in the context of psychosis has a significant impact on treatment outcomes and serious implications for risk management. Understanding mechanisms underlying anger will improve interventions and inform strategies for prevention. This study is the first to examine the relationships between anger and key theoretical drivers across different phases of the psychosis continuum. A battery including measures of theory of mind, attachment, hostile attribution bias, paranoia and anger was administered to 174 participants (14 ultra-high risk, 20 first-episode, 20 established psychosis, 120 non-clinical participants)...
January 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051935/adjusting-to-chronic-health-conditions
#15
Vicki S Helgeson, Melissa Zajdel
Research on adjustment to chronic disease is critical in today's world, in which people are living longer lives, but lives are increasingly likely to be characterized by one or more chronic illnesses. Chronic illnesses may deteriorate, enter remission, or fluctuate, but their defining characteristic is that they persist. In this review, we first examine the effects of chronic disease on one's sense of self. Then we review categories of factors that influence how one adjusts to chronic illness, with particular emphasis on the impact of these factors on functional status and psychosocial adjustment...
January 3, 2017: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047065/we-de-201-09-performance-of-hdr-ring-surface-applicator-printed-by-3d-printer
#16
Z Xu, J Baker, A Hsia, S Ryu
PURPOSE: The commercially available Leipzig-style Cone for High Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy has a steep depth dose curve and a non-uniform dose distribution. This work shows the performance of a Ring Surface Applicator created using a 3D printer that can generate a better dose distribution. Calculated doses were verified with film measurement. METHODS: The water equivalent red-ABS plastic was used to print the Ring Surface Applicator which hosts three catheters: a center piece with a straight catheter and two concentric rings with diameters of 3...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030533/physical-and-physiological-profile-of-wrestler-athletes-short-review
#17
Helmi Chaabene, Yassine Negra, Raja Bouguezzi, Bessem Mkaouer, Emerson Franchini, Ursula Julio, Younés Hachana
Wrestling is one of the oldest combat sports, disputed since the ancient Greek Olympic Games. This combat sport discipline has caught the attention of scientists since 1943 which is the date that matches the appearance of the first scientific research dealing with wrestling. The current short review aimed to summarize and critically analyze the scientific literature related to wrestling's physical and physiological attributes and to provide practical recommendations for testing/training together with new perspective and areas of future scientific research...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981683/use-of-torulaspora-delbrueckii-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-in-semi-industrial-sequential-inoculation-to-improve-quality-of-palomino-and-chardonnay-wines-in-warm-climates
#18
B Puertas, M J Jiménez, E Cantos-Villar, J M Cantoral, M E Rodríguez
AIMS: We have evaluated for the first time the impact of two commercial yeast strains (Torulaspora delbrueckii TD291 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae QA23) inoculated sequentially in musts of Chardonnay and Palomino Fino grape varieties grown under warm climate (South-west of Spain). METHODS AND RESULTS: Semi-industrial scale alcoholic fermentations (AF) were performed during the 2011 and 2012 harvests. Implantation analyses demonstrated that T. delbrueckii is the predominant strain until the end of the AF phase...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977847/the-social-present-the-duration-of-the-shared-now-in-dyads-is-linked-with-personality
#19
Wolfgang Tschacher, Fabian Ramseyer, Sander L Koole
OBJECTIVE: The social present is a novel descriptor of dyadic nowness and social sharing, extending research on individual nowness (James' specious present) to the interpersonal and intersubjective domain. We wished to connect this descriptor to personality attributes. METHOD: We define the social present by the duration of significant nonverbal synchrony, based on the phenomenon of movement synchrony that generally emerges in social interactions. It is thus an implicit and objective measure that can be implemented by automated video analyses...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#20
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
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