Read by QxMD icon Read

Attributional style

Rajkumar Bharatia, Manoj Chitale, Ganesh Narain Saxena, Raman Ganesh Kumar, Chikkalingaiah, Abhijit Trailokya, Kalpesh Dalvi, Suhas Talele
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HTN), being a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is an important issue of medical and public health. High blood pressure (BP) is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in south Asia (2010). Hypertension (HTN) exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and healthcare systems in India. Uncontrolled hypertension among adults with hypertension is associated with increased mortality...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
George P Allen, W Mark Moore, Lynette R Moser, Kathryn K Neill, Usha Sambamoorthi, Hershey S Bell
A variety of changes are facing leaders in academic pharmacy. Servant and transformational leadership have attributes that provide guidance and inspiration through these changes. Servant leadership focuses on supporting and developing the individuals within an institution, while transformational leadership focuses on inspiring followers to work towards a common goal. This article discusses these leadership styles and how they may both be ideal for leaders in academic pharmacy.
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
M-N Babinet, C Rigard, É Peyroux, A-R Dragomir, I Plotton, H Lejeune, C Demily
INTRODUCTION: The Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is a genetic condition characterized by an X supernumerary sex chromosome in males. The syndrome is frequently associated with cognitive impairment. Indeed, the different areas of the executive sphere can be affected such as inhibition, cognitive flexibility but also attentional and visual-spatial domain. Social cognition disorders, predominantly on emotional recognition processes, have also been documented. In addition, the syndrome may be associated with psychiatric symptoms...
October 12, 2016: L'Encéphale
Charlotte Brooks, Claire Ballinger, Don Nutbeam, Jo Adams
PURPOSE: Health literacy is the ability to access, understand and use health information. This study qualitatively explored the views and experiences of older adults with varying health literacy levels who had attended a falls clinic on their overall experience of the falls clinic, access to the service and provider-patient interaction. METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine older adults using a falls clinic in England. Health literacy was assessed using the REALM and NVS-UK...
October 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Bhing-Leet Tan, Sara-Ann Lee, Jimmy Lee
Social cognition is the mental process which underpins social interactions. Increasingly, it has been recognized to be impaired in people with schizophrenia, resulting in functional problems. Correspondingly, the past ten years have seen huge developments in the study of interventions to ameliorate social cognitive deficits among people with schizophrenia. In the present review, we systematically reviewed published studies on social cognitive interventions from 2005 to 2015. Of the 61 studies included in this review, 20 were on broad-based social cognitive interventions, which incorporated neurocognitive training, specialized learning technique or virtual reality social skills training...
July 27, 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Hiromi Chiba, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Rieko Sakurai, Takayo Mukai, Hiroko Shintou, Kenshi Koyanagi, Yushiro Yamashita, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Naohisa Uchimura, Toyojiro Matsuishi
Eating disorders (ED) are serious psychosomatic disorders that commonly occur in girls during adolescence. An increase in earlier onset ED has recently been suggested. Therefore, accurate assessment of eating attitudes in children is a necessary part of school mental health. The 26-item Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT-26) is widely used internationally to assess abnormal eating attitudes. The present study aimed to validate the Japanese version of the ChEAT-26. Participants were 7076 school children (aged 10-15years) from large, medium-sized, and small cities, and 44 children with anorexia nervosa...
September 10, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Gilberto Gerra, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Giulia Milano, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Claudia Donnini
Studies evidenced the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and tobacco smoking in adulthood. An appropriate parenting style has been found to be associated with children's less frequent tobacco consumption. Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity could represent the potential link between ACEs, mood disorders and smoking susceptibility. We studied a sample of 50 male smokers, affected by nicotine dependence and 50 controls who never smoked. Self-reported retrospective perception of neglect (Child Experience of Care and Abuse: CECA-Q questionnaire), age of smoking onset, number of cigarette/day, psychiatric symptoms (Symptoms Check List 90 scale: SCL 90) and basal level of ACTH and cortisol have been evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Gyongyi Kokonyei, Edina Szabo, Natalia Kocsel, Andrea Edes, Nora Eszlari, Dorottya Pap, Mate Magyar, David Kovacs, Terezia Zsombok, Rebecca Elliott, Ian Muir Anderson, John Francis William Deakin, Gyorgy Bagdy, Gabriella Juhasz
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between migraine and psychological distress has been consistently reported in cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. We hypothesised that a stable tendency to perseverative thoughts such as rumination would mediate the relationship between migraine and psychological distress. Design and Main Outcomes Measures: Self-report questionnaires measuring depressive rumination, current psychological distress and migraine symptoms in two independent European population cohorts, recruited from Budapest (N = 1139) and Manchester (N = 2004), were used...
December 2016: Psychology & Health
Tai-Jie Zhang, Wah Soon Chow, Xiao-Tao Liu, Peng Zhang, Nan Liu, Chang-Lian Peng
The presence of anthocyanins in young leaves plays an important role in mitigation against photodamage and allows leaves to grow and develop normally. Many studies have reported that foliar anthocyanins are distributed within the vacuoles of mesophyll cells, so we explored the novel defence style of anthocyanin-coated young leaves of Castanopsis fissa, a dominant subtropical forest tree species, via removable trichomes. Anthocyanins were distributed in C. fissa leaf trichomes, which produced a red coating for the young leaves...
September 10, 2016: Tree Physiology
Daniel P Giovenco, Erin J Miller Lo, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo
INTRODUCTION: Cigarillo use is prevalent among young adults in the United States. Many young people use cigarillos as "blunts," a term for a cigar emptied of its tobacco and replaced with marijuana. Because cigars in the United States are not subject to the same regulations as cigarettes, they offer a diverse selection of flavors and packaging styles. It is unclear how these and other product attributes facilitate blunt use. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with a sample of 40 young adult cigar or cigarillo users in the United States to assess patterns of use and perceptions about product features...
July 20, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Yanhe Deng, Mengge Yan, Henry Chen, Xin Sun, Peng Zhang, Xianglong Zeng, Xiangping Liu, Yue Lye
Highly optimistic explanatory style (HOES) and highly pessimistic explanatory style (HPES) are two maladaptive ways to explain the world and may have roots in attachment insecurity. The current study aims to explore the effects of security priming - activating supportive representations of attachment security - on ameliorating these maladaptive explanatory styles. 57 participants with HOES and 57 participants with HPES were randomized into security priming and control conditions. Their scores of overall optimistic attribution were measured before and after priming...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Diane M Houston
Previous research into the relationship between attributions and academic performance has produced contradictory findings that have not been resolved. The present research examines the role of specific dimensions of attributional style in predicting subsequent academic performance in a sample of pupils (N = 979) from both high- and low-achieving schools. Hierarchical regression and moderation analyses indicate that internal, stable, and global, attributional styles for positive events predict higher levels of academic performance...
March 2016: Journal of Applied Social Psychology
Joelle Nader, Charbel Afif, Nicolas Louka
The current healthy life style pushed to develop and implement a novel efficient defatting process of high quality called "Mechanical Expression Preserving Shape Integrity" that conserved the sensory, color, textural, morphological and acceptability of partially defatted roasted peanuts. In this study, Response Surface Methodology was used to investigate the best extraction parameters (initial water content, pressure and pressing duration) based on the highest Color Consumer Evaluation scores, the best colorimetric parameters (L*, a*, b*, ΔE*) and the most appealing textural attributes (Fracturability, First Fracture Work Done, First Fracture Percentage of Deformation, Rupture Force, Percentage of Deformation at Rupture)...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Rod Martin, Nicholas A Kuiper
Since the start of the 21st century, the investigation of various psychological aspects of humor and laughter has become an increasingly prominent topic of research. This growth can be attributed, in no small part, to the pioneering and creative work on humor and laughter conducted by Professor Rod Martin. Dr. Martin's research interests in humor and laughter began in the early 1980s and continued throughout his 32 year long career as a professor of clinical psychology at the University of Western Ontario. During this time, Dr...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
William Hampes
Research has shown that a factor in a victim's forgiveness of an offender is the victim's ability to make more positive, or at least less negative, attributions of the offender's behavior and that perspective-taking can be a factor in facilitating that process. Self-enhancing humor has been found to be positively correlated with perspective-taking empathy and aggressive humor found to be negatively correlated with perspective-taking empathy. Therefore it was predicted that self-enhancing humor would be positively correlated with forgiveness and aggressive humor negatively correlated with forgiveness...
August 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
Caroline Morris, Lindsay Macdonald, Maria Stubbe, Anthony Dowell
BACKGROUND: Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis. It is associated with substantial co-morbidity and often managed in primary care. A greater understanding of the communication process between patients and healthcare professionals provides one way of improving the management of this condition. This paper describes communication about gout medicines and treatment between patients and primary care health professionals during routine consultations. METHODS: Video-recordings of 31 individual healthcare consultations between patients and a range of primary care practitioners (general practitioners, practice nurses, podiatrists, dietitians) from an archived database were reviewed...
2016: BMC Family Practice
Yanping Li, Dong D Wang, Sylvia H Ley, Annie Green Howard, Yuna He, Yuan Lu, Goodarz Danaei, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in China. Evaluation of risk factors and their impacts on disease burden is important for future public health initiatives and policy making. OBJECTIVES: The study used data from a cohort of the China Health and Nutrition Survey to estimate time trends in cardiovascular risk factors from 1991 to 2011. METHODS: We applied the comparative risk assessment method to estimate the number of CVD events attributable to all nonoptimal levels (e...
August 23, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Henriette Löffler-Stastka, Tamara Seitz, Sabrina Billeth, Barbara Pastner, Ingrid Preusche, Charles Seidman
BACKGROUND: Gender-specific differences in the attitudes towards doctor-patient communication among medical students and physicians were assessed. METHODS: A total of 150 medical students and 51 physicians from different departments took part in the study. The association, attitude and experiences regarding doctor-patient communication were assessed with a series of tools and questionnaires. RESULTS: Female doctors and students tended to describe the doctor-patient communication with positive attributes, such as "helpful", "sentimental", "voluble", "sociable", "gentle", "yielding" and "peaceful"...
September 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Antonio López-López, Joaquín Bautista-Gallego, José María Moreno-Baquero, Antonio Garrido-Fernández
This article contains processed data related to the research published in "Fermentation in nutrient salt mixtures affects green Spanish-style Manzanilla table olives" [1]. It displays information on the salt substitution by other nutrient salts (potassium chloride and calcium chloride) during fermentation of green Spanish-style Manzanilla table olives to produce healthier products. Particularly, it studies the relationship between the different colour parameters (L*, a*, b* and C i), firmness, and sensory attributes (saltiness, bitterness, hardness, and fibrousness), and the composition of the initial brine in NaCl, KCl, and CaCl2...
September 2016: Data in Brief
Jennifer Hollowell, Yangmei Li, Reem Malouf, James Buchanan
BACKGROUND: Current clinical guidelines and national policy in England support offering 'low risk' women a choice of birth setting, but despite an increase in provison of midwifery units in England the vast majority of women still give birth in obstetric units and there is uncertainty around how best to configure services. There is therefore a need to better understand women's birth place preferences. The aim of this review was to summarise the recent quantitative evidence on UK women's birth place preferences with a focus on identifying the service attributes that 'low risk' women prefer and on identifying which attributes women prioritise when choosing their intended maternity unit or birth setting...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"