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Attributional style

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447200/discovery-of-two-new-species-of-crotalaria-leguminosae-crotalarieae-from-western-ghats-india
#1
Shabir A Rather, Shweta Subramaniam, Shagun Danda, Arun K Pandey
Two new species of Fabaceae-Papilionoideae are described and illustrated. Crotalaria suffruticosa from Karul Ghat region of Maharashtra is morphologically close to C. albida and C. epunctata. C. multibracteata from Panhala region of Maharashtra resembles C. vestita. C. suffruticosa differs from C. albida and C. epunctata in its habit, leaf, inflorescence, callosity, keel type, stigma, style morphology and number of seeds/pod. To test if the new species differ from their morphologically most similar species, we measured various traits and performed a Principal Component Analysis (PCA)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446707/arsenic-cadmium-and-mercury-induced-hypertension-mechanisms-and-epidemiological-findings
#2
Airton da Cunha Martins, Maria Fernanda Hornos Carneiro, Denise Grotto, Joseph A Adeyemi, Fernando Barbosa
Arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg) are toxic elements widely distributed in the environment. Exposure to these elements was attributed to produce several acute and chronic illnesses including hypertension. The aim of this review is to provide a summary of the most frequently proposed mechanisms underlying hypertension associated with As, Cd, and Hg exposure including: oxidative stress, impaired nitric oxide (NO) signaling, modified vascular response to neurotransmitters and disturbed vascular muscle Ca2+ signaling, renal damage, and interference with the renin-angiotensin system...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444084/attributional-style-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-male-prison-sample
#3
Danny J O'Sullivan, Maura E O'Sullivan, Brendan D O'Connell, Ken O'Reilly, Kiran M Sarma
The reformulated learned helplessness model proposes that people who tend to make internal, stable, and global attributions in response to uncontrollable aversive events are more likely to develop depression. The present study sought to investigate the nature of the relationship between attributional style and depression in a male prison sample. One hundred and one adult male prisoners from four medium security prisons in Ireland completed the Attributional Style Questionnaire and measures of depression (BDI-II) and anxiety (BAI)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430050/our-future-in-the-hands-of-millennials
#4
Michele Maiers
The future of any profession is in the hands of its students and early career practitioners. The Millennial generation of chiropractors embody attributes that are uniquely suited to the evolving landscape of 21st century healthcare. Globalization and rapid advancements in technology demand different styles of communication, attitudes toward diversity, styles of professional engagement, and perhaps most importantly, idealism about the future. Millennial chiropractors have a clear vision for this future of the profession, and are equipped to actualize that ideal...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422037/coping-strategies-of-women-with-postpartum-depression-symptoms-in-rural-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-community-study
#5
Telake Azale, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most women with postpartum depression (PPD) in low- and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed and untreated, despite evidence for adverse effects on the woman and her child. The aim of this study was to identify the coping strategies used by women with PPD symptoms in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of socio-culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in a predominantly rural district in southern Ethiopia...
February 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412114/caveolin-1-in-stroke-neuropathology-and-neuroprotection-a-novel-molecular-therapeutic-target-for-ischemic-related-injury
#6
Shanshan Wang, Brian P Head
Cardiovascular disease and associated cerebral stroke are a global epidemic attributed to genetic and epigenetic factors, such as diet, life style and an increasingly sedentary existence due to technological advances in both the developing and developed world. There are approximately 5.9 million stroke-related deaths worldwide annually. Current epidemiological data indicate that nearly 16.9 million people worldwide suffer a new or recurrent stroke yearly. In 2014 alone, 2.4% of adults in the United States (U...
February 5, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377534/the-five-attributes-of-a-supportive-midwifery-practice-climate-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
E Brie Thumm, Linda Flynn
INTRODUCTION: A supportive work climate is associated with decreased burnout and attrition, and increased job satisfaction and employee health. A review of the literature was conducted in order to determine the unique attributes of a supportive practice climate for midwives. METHODS: The midwifery literature was reviewed and synthesized using concept analysis technique guided by literature from related professions. The search was conducted primarily in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368955/translating-cognitive-vulnerability-theory-into-improved-adolescent-depression-screening-a-receiver-operating-characteristic-approach
#8
Joseph R Cohen, Felix K So, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami F Young
Traditionally, screening research tests how well a given symptom inventory can identify a concurrent depressive episode. Although developmental psychopathology could inform screening protocols for a myriad of depression outcomes (e.g., prospective depressive episodes), approaches typically used in research make it difficult to translate these findings. Using a translational analytic approach and multiwave longitudinal study design, we examined how screening for cognitive vulnerabilities (rumination, dysfunctional attitudes, and attributional style) may improve our ability to identify concurrent depressive episodes, prospective depressive episodes, first lifetime episodes of depression, and recurrent major depressive episodes...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361514/inorganic-arsenic-causes-fatty-liver-and-interacts-with-ethanol-to-cause-alcoholic-liver-disease-in-zebrafish
#9
Kathryn Bambino, Chi Zhang, Christine Austin, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Manish Arora, Jaime Chu, Kirsten C Sadler
The rapid increase in fatty liver disease (FLD) incidence is attributed largely to genetic and life style factors, however, environmental toxicants are a frequently overlooked factor that can modify the effects of more common causes of FLD. Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) is associated with liver disease in humans and animal models, but neither the mechanism of action nor the combinatorial interaction with other disease causing factors has been fully investigated. Here, we examined the contribution of iAs to FLD using zebrafish and tested the interaction with ethanol to cause alcoholic liver disease (ALD)...
December 28, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350668/concealed-lung-anatomy-in-botticelli-s-masterpieces-the-primavera-and-the-birth-of-venus
#10
Davide Lazzeri
Sandro Botticelli was one of the most esteemed painters and draughtsmen among Renaissance artists. Under the patronage of the De' Medici family, he was active in Florence during the flourishing of the Renaissance trend towards the reclamation of lost medical and anatomical knowledge of ancient times through the dissection of corpses. Combining the typical attributes of the elegant courtly style with hallmarks derived from the investigation and analysis of classical templates, he left us immortal masterpieces, the excellence of which incomprehensibly waned and was rediscovered only in the 1890s...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346137/guidance-provided-to-authors-on-citing-and-formatting-references-in-nursing-journals
#11
Leslie H Nicoll, Marilyn H Oermann, Peggy L Chinn, Jamie L Conklin, Sathya Amarasekara, Midori McCarty
Reference citations should be accurate, complete, and presented in a consistent format. This study analyzed information provided to authors on preparing citations and references for manuscripts submitted to nursing journals (n = 209). Half of the journals used the American Psychological Association reference style. Slightly more than half provided examples of how to cite articles and books; there were fewer examples of citing websites and online journals. Suggestions on improving accuracy of references are discussed...
January 18, 2018: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321350/neuro-fuzzy-model-of-homocysteine-metabolism
#12
Shaik Mohammad Naushad, Akella Radha Rama Devi, Sriraman Nivetha, Ganapathy Lakshmitha, Alex Balraj Stanley, Tajamul Hussain, Vijay Kumar Kutala
In view of well-documented association of hyperhomocysteinaemia with a wide spectrum of diseases and higher incidence of vitamin deficiencies in Indians, we proposed a mathematical model to forecast the role of demographic and genetic variables in influencing homocysteinemetabolism and investigated the influence of life style modulations in controlling homocysteine levels. Total plasma homocysteine levels were measured in fasting samples using reverse phase HPLC. Multiple linear regression (MLR) and neuro-fuzzy models were developed...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319844/gender-differences-in-intimate-conflict-initiation-and-escalation-tendencies
#13
Zeev Winstok, Ronit Smadar-Dror, Michael Weinberg
According to gender motivation theory, men are driven by a desire to enhance their status; whereas, women are motivated by a desire to reduce risk, and the behavioral expressions of those motivations are context-dependent. In order to test this theory in the context of intimate relationships, this study compared men's and women's escalatory tendencies in the initial development of intimate conflict. These tendencies were conceptualized in terms of four attributes: two attributes that represent response intention (decision and style) and two others that represent motivations for that intention (putting one's partner in his or her place and avoiding conflict)...
January 10, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314275/an-approach-to-the-asthma-protective-farm-effect-by-geocoding-good-farms-and-better-farms
#14
Susanne E K Müller-Rompa, Iana Markevych, Alexander J Hose, Georg Loss, Inge M Wouters, Jon Genuneit, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Elisabeth Horak, Andrzej Boznanski, Dick Heederik, Erika von Mutius, Joachim Heinrich, Markus J Ege
BACKGROUND: The highly consistent association of growing up on a farm with a reduced asthma risk has so far been attributed to direct farm exposure. In contrast, geographical determinants of the larger environment have never been assessed. In this study, the effects of proximity to farms and environmental variables in relation to the residential address on asthma and atopy were assessed. METHODS: Addresses of 2,265 children of the Bavarian arm of the GABRIELA-study were converted into geocodes...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294690/mediators-and-moderators-of-the-association-between-stalking-victimization-and-psychological-distress
#15
Connor R Fais, Catherine J Lutz-Zois, Jackson A Goodnight
The current study aims to understand mediators and moderators of the relationship between stalking victimization and depression. Based on the reformulated learned helplessness theory, which emphasizes the role of internal, global, and stable attributions for negative events in the development of depression, we predicted that the association between stalking victimization and depression would be mediated by attributions for the stalking and characterological self-blame. We predicted that the association between stalking victimization and helplessness attributions or characterological self-blame, in turn, would be moderated by gender, sex-role identity, and length of stalking...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259922/exploring-virulence-determinants-of-filamentous-fungal-pathogens-through-interactions-with-soil-amoebae
#16
REVIEW
Silvia Novohradská, Iuliia Ferling, Falk Hillmann
Infections with filamentous fungi are common to all animals, but attention is rising especially due to the increasing incidence and high mortality rates observed in immunocompromised human individuals. Here, Aspergillus fumigatus and other members of its genus are the leading causative agents. Attributes like their saprophytic life-style in various ecological niches coupled with nutritional flexibility and a broad host range have fostered the hypothesis that environmental predators could have been the actual target for some of their virulence determinants...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243295/extended-phase-graph-formalism-for-systems-with-magnetization-transfer-and-exchange
#17
Shaihan J Malik, Rui Pedro A G Teixeira, Joseph V Hajnal
PURPOSE: An extended phase graph framework (EPG-X) for modeling systems with exchange or magnetization transfer (MT) is proposed. THEORY: EPG-X models coupled two-compartment systems by describing each compartment with separate phase graphs that exchange during evolution periods. There are two variants: EPG-X(BM) for systems governed by the Bloch-McConnell equations, and EPG-X(MT) for the pulsed MT formalism. For the MT case, the "bound" protons have no transverse components, so their phase graph consists of only longitudinal states...
December 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241320/influence-of-marinades-on-shear-force-structure-and-sensory-properties-of-home-style-jerky
#18
Joanna Żochowska-Kujawska, Marek Kotowicz, Kazimierz Lachowicz, Małgorzata Sobczak
BACKGROUND: Products from dried meat have been sold for many years as snack foods. The most important sensory attributes of this type of food are texture and flavour, determined by the selection of the raw material and the effect of numerous technological factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the structure, sen- sory and mechanical properties of meat snacks produced under non-commercial conditions using wild boar, roe deer and beef as raw material. METHODS: Jerky was prepared from Longissimus muscle treated (24 h, 4°C) with the follow- ing marinades before drying at 55°C for 6 h: (a) spices, (b) lemon & honey marinade, (c) marinating with balsamic vinegar marinade, (d) dipping into pineapple marinade, and (e) using ginger marinade...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240686/marketing-animal-friendly-products-addressing-the-consumer-social-dilemma-with-reinforcement-positioning-strategies
#19
Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T M Ingenbleek, Hans C M van Trijp, Gerrita van der Veen
This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce consumers' social dilemma, which is a major barrier to animal-friendly consumer choices. The article suggests how animal-friendly products can use various types of consumption values (functional, sensory, emotional, social, epistemic and situational) to create an attractive position relative to their competitors...
December 14, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239352/a-compositional-tipping-point-governing-the-mobilization-and-eruption-style-of-rhyolitic-magma
#20
D Di Genova, S Kolzenburg, S Wiesmaier, E Dallanave, D R Neuville, K U Hess, D B Dingwell
The most viscous volcanic melts and the largest explosive eruptions on our planet consist of calcalkaline rhyolites. These eruptions have the potential to influence global climate. The eruptive products are commonly very crystal-poor and highly degassed, yet the magma is mostly stored as crystal mushes containing small amounts of interstitial melt with elevated water content. It is unclear how magma mushes are mobilized to create large batches of eruptible crystal-free magma. Further, rhyolitic eruptions can switch repeatedly between effusive and explosive eruption styles and this transition is difficult to attribute to the rheological effects of water content or crystallinity...
December 13, 2017: Nature
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