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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617003/sexual-harassment-victimization-school-belonging-and-depressive-symptoms-among-lgbtq-adolescents-temporal-insights
#1
Tyler Hatchel, Dorothy L Espelage, Yuanhong Huang
Peer victimization and the associated poor outcomes among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have been the focus of countless studies. School climate is a factor that has garnered significant attention. Perceptions of school contexts may even be mechanisms that define how victimization relates to poor outcomes. However, there is a lack of rigorous scholarship that could demonstrate directionality and therefore further augment our understanding of these relations. Specifically, it is not clear if victimization is strictly an antecedent to mental health issues like depressive symptoms...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594630/psychopathy-and-deviant-workplace-behavior-a-comparison-of-two-psychopathy-models
#2
Jessica R Carre, Steven M Mueller, Karly M Schleicher, Daniel N Jones
Although psychopathy is an interpersonally harmful construct, few studies have compared different psychopathy models in predicting different types of workplace deviance. We examined how the Triarchic Psychopathy Model (TRI-PM) and the Self-Report Psychopathy-Short Form (SRP-SF) predicted deviant workplace behaviors in two forms: sexual harassment and deviant work behaviors. Using structural equations modeling, the latent factor of psychopathy was predictive for both types of deviant workplace behavior. Specifically, the SRP-SF significantly predicted both measures of deviant workplace behavior...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584921/patterns-of-bullying-and-sexual-harassment-connections-with-parents-and-teachers-as-direct-protective-factors
#3
Jennifer L Doty, Amy L Gower, Jessie H Rudi, Barbara J McMorris, Iris W Borowsky
Involvement in bullying and sexual harassment in adolescence is associated with a variety of internalizing, externalizing, and health-risk behaviors. Yet, the two behaviors are often studied independently. The current study examined how bullying and sexual harassment co-occur and whether social connections protected youth from risk patterns. The data for this study come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 121,311; 50% female, 74% White, 26% received free or reduced-price lunch; M age = 14.9, SD = 1...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582653/gender-matters-experiences-and-consequences-of-digital-dating-abuse-victimization-in-adolescent-dating-relationships
#4
Lauren A Reed, Richard M Tolman, L Monique Ward
Digital dating abuse (DDA) behaviors include the use of digital media to monitor, control, threaten, harass, pressure, or coerce a dating partner. In this study, 703 high school students reported on the frequency of DDA victimization, whether they were upset by these incidents, and how they responded. Results suggest that although both girls and boys experienced DDA at similar rates of frequency (with the exception of sexual coercion), girls reported that they were more upset by these behaviors. Girls also expressed more negative emotional responses to DDA victimization than boys...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580845/-nobody-teases-good-girls-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-sexual-harassment-among-young-men-in-a-slum-of-mumbai
#5
Susannah Zietz, Madhumita Das
Young adulthood is a key period in which gender norms are solidified. As a result, young women are particularly vulnerable to gender-based violence. In Delhi, over 90% of women have ever experienced sexual violence in public spaces. Sexual harassment of girls and women in public spaces is commonly named 'eve teasing' in India. Experience of sexual harassment in public spaces has been found to be associated with restricted mobility, interrupted education, and early age at marriage. Little is known about men's perspectives on eve teasing and how they believe it affects women and girls...
June 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569622/homophobic-bullying-and-cyberbullying-study-of-a-silenced-problem
#6
Paz Elipe, María de la Oliva Muñoz, Rosario Del Rey
Bullying and cyberbullying have been studied extensively. In Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Questioning (LGBQ) students these phenomena seem to be overrepresented so that, although they share some common elements, homophobic bullying and cyberbullying could be considered as specific phenomena. This study analyzed homophobic bullying and cyberbullying, with the participation of 533 Spanish secondary school students aged from 12 to 20 (M = 14.9, SD = 1.7). The results showed that students identified as non-heterosexual experienced a higher level of being targeted with bullying and cyberbullying, declaring almost half of them they had been victimized and more than 20% cybervictimized...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566013/sexual-harassment-and-menstrual-disorders-among-italian-university-women-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#7
P Romito, C Cedolin, F Bastiani, L Beltramini, M J Saurel-Cubizolles
AIMS: Menstrual disorders and sexual harassment are common among young women and interfere with their life and activities. We aimed to describe the association of sexual harassment and menstrual disorders among female university students. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study examined the association between sexual harassment and menstrual disorders in a sample of 349 university students in Italy. Students answered an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552025/social-stigma-legal-and-public-health-barriers-faced-by-the-third-gender-phenomena-in-brazil-india-and-mexico-travestis-hijras-and-muxes
#8
Alessandra Diehl, Denise Leite Vieira, Marina Milograna Zaneti, Ana Fanganiello, Pratap Sharan, Rebecca Robles, Jair de Jesus Mari
AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this article is to provide a narrative literature review of the 'third gender' phenomenon in Brazil ( Travestis), India ( Hijras) and Mexico ( Muxes), considering the social stigma, the legal and health aspects of these identities. RESULTS: These three groups share similar experiences of stigmatisation, marginalisation, sexual abuse, HIV infection, infringement of civil rights and harassment accessing health services. Brazil, India and Mexico public services for the third gender conditions are still very scarce and inadequate for the heavy demand from potential users...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494125/harassment-and-mental-distress-among-adolescent-female-students-by-sexual-identity-and-bmi-or-perceived-weight-status
#9
Michelle Marie Johns, Richard Lowry, Zewditu Demissie, Leah Robin
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority girls (lesbian/bisexual) and girls with overweight/obesity experience high rates of discrimination and mental distress. This study explored whether BMI or perceived weight status might compound sexual minority girls' risk for harassment and mental distress. METHODS: Data on female students from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 7,006) were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to examine differences in bullying, harassment, and mental distress across sexual identity/BMI groups: heterosexual/normal-weight, heterosexual/overweight, sexual minority/normal-weight, and sexual minority/overweight...
May 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493746/sexual-objectification-the-common-thread-connecting-myriad-forms-of-sexual-violence-against-women
#10
Sarah J Gervais, Sarah Eagan
In this article, the authors focus on the linkages between objectification and current societal manifestations of sexual violence toward women to make the case that everyday instances of objectification can provide the foundation for more extreme forms of violence. First, they formally introduce the notion of objectification and explain its origins and its consequences in those who perpetrate and those who experience it. Next, they use objectification as a lens through which to consider several related, but distinct, societal problems, including: sexual assault of college women, harassment of women in work settings, and sex trafficking of women in the United States and around the world...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461169/sexual-harassment-in-radiology
#11
Aline Camargo, Li Liu, David M Yousem
PURPOSE: To gauge the prevalence of sexual harassment (SH) and to understand the issues regarding its disclosure among radiologists. METHODS: A questionnaire on ethics and SH was sent by e-mail to 1,569 radiologists and radiology trainees in an institutional database maintained for continuing medical education purposes on three separate occasions between September 17 and October 31, 2016. The link to the survey was also posted on social media sites via the authors' divisional and institutional accounts on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Aunt Minnie, as well as on ACR and RSNA web blogs...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459267/trauma-and-ptss-of-zimbabwean-refugees-in-south-africa-a-summary-of-published-studies
#12
Erhabor Sunday Idemudia
OBJECTIVE: This paper is a report of 4 published papers on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)/posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and traumas experienced by homeless Zimbabwean refugees living in South Africa. The general purpose of the papers was to explore how pre- and postmigration difficulties predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder; to understand gender differences in PTSS/PTSD reports using quantitative and qualitative approaches; and finally, to understand the nature of abuses, perpetrators, and sex of perpetrators...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454539/workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-the-gambia-mixed-methods-design
#13
Ebrima J Sisawo, Saide Yacine Y Arsène Ouédraogo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, perpetrators and factors associated with workplace violence against nurses in public secondary health care facilities from two health regions in the Gambia. METHODS: Data was collected from 219 nurses using self-administered questionnaire and 35 face-to-face interviews. The data collection was conducted between July and September 2014 in 14 public secondary health care facilities. RESULTS: A sizable majority of respondents (62...
April 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453241/stigma-access-to-healthcare-and-hiv-risks-among-men-who-sell-sex-to-men-in-nigeria
#14
Trevor A Crowell, Babajide Keshinro, Stefan D Baral, Sheree R Schwartz, Shauna Stahlman, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, William A Blattner, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie A Ake
INTRODUCTION: Among men who have sex with men (MSM), men who sell sex (MSS) may be subject to increased sexual behaviour-related stigma that affects uptake of healthcare and risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The objectives of this study were to characterize stigma, access to care, and prevalence of HIV among MSS in Nigeria. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit MSM in Abuja and Lagos into the ongoing TRUST/RV368 study, which provides HIV testing and treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453195/teen-dating-violence-sexual-harassment-and-bullying-among-middle-school-youth-examining-measurement-invariance-by-gender
#15
Stacey Cutbush, Jason Williams
This study investigated measurement invariance by gender among commonly used teen dating violence (TDV), sexual harassment, and bullying measures. Data were collected from one cohort of seventh-grade middle school students (N = 754) from four schools. Using structural equation modeling, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses assessed measurement models and tested measurement invariance by gender for aggression measures. Analyses invoked baseline data only. Physical and psychological TDV perpetration measures achieved strict measurement invariance, while bullying perpetration demonstrated partial strict invariance...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#16
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412581/workplace-violence-against-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Liuyi Zhang, Anni Wang, Xia Xie, Yanhong Zhou, Jing Li, Lijun Yang, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a serious problem for clinical nurses, as it leads to a series of adverse consequences. However, little information is available on the prevalence and influencing factors of workplace violence in China. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence against Chinese nurses, and its influencing factors. DESIGN: A multi-center, cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: The seven geographical regions (i...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402177/intersectional-harassment-and-deviant-embodiment-among-autistic-adults-dis-ability-gender-and-sexuality
#18
Jessica Penwell Barnett
Harassment scholarship increasingly attends to the intersectional nature of harassment and its function within systems of domination. However, little of this work includes disability. In-depth interviews with 24 adults on the autism spectrum in the USA demonstrate the intersections of gender, sexuality and (dis)ability in the construction of deviant embodiments as targets for harassment. These intersections also shape how participants made sense of these experiences of violence. Participants' disability characteristics were often read as gender or sexual variance, with harassers relying on sexist and heterosexist constructs to frighten, demean or humiliate them for disability characteristics...
April 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375711/still-the-last-great-open-secret-sexual-harassment-as-systemic-trauma
#19
Louise F Fitzgerald
Despite being illegal for more than half a century, sexual harassment remains today the most pervasive form of violence against women, often encompassing other forms of violence in its ambit. This stubborn and pernicious persistence rests largely on (1) a pervasive system of attitudes and beliefs, accruing over centuries and embedded in a variety of cultural institutions, that denies and rationalizes systemic abuse of women; and (2), the organizational and institutional actors that serve to maintain this system, a phenomenon that has come to be known as institutional betrayal...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344750/the-effectiveness-of-policy-interventions-for-school-bullying-a-systematic-review
#20
William Hall
OBJECTIVE: Bullying threatens the mental and educational well-being of students. Although anti-bullying policies are prevalent, little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review evaluates the methodological characteristics and summarizes substantive findings of studies examining the effectiveness of school bullying policies. METHOD: Searches of 11 bibliographic databases yielded 489 studies completed since January 1, 1995. Following duplicate removal and double-independent screening based on a priori inclusion criteria, 21 studies were included for review...
2017: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research
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