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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909269/chaperones-and-intimate-physical-examinations-what-do-male-and-female-patients-want
#1
V C Fan, H T Choy, G Yj Kwok, H G Lam, Q Y Lim, Y Y Man, C K Tang, C C Wong, Y F Yu, G Kk Leung
INTRODUCTION: Many studies of patients' perception of a medical chaperone have focused on female patients; that of male patients are less well studied. Moreover, previous studies were largely based on patient populations in English-speaking countries. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the perception and attitude of male and female Chinese patients to the presence of a chaperone during an intimate physical examination. METHODS: A cross-sectional guided questionnaire survey was conducted on a convenient sample of 150 patients at a public teaching hospital in Hong Kong...
December 2, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905879/transcriptome-profiling-in-the-damselfly-ischnura-elegans-identifies-genes-with-sex-biased-expression
#2
Pallavi Chauhan, Maren Wellenreuther, Bengt Hansson
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism occurs widely across the animal kingdom and has profound effects on evolutionary trajectories. Here, we investigate sex-specific gene expression in Ischnura elegans (Odonata: dragonflies and damselflies), a species with pronounced sexual differences including a female-limited colour polymorphism with two female-like gynochrome morphs and one male-mimicking, androchrome morph. Whole-organism transcriptome profiling and sex-biased gene expression analysis was conducted on adults of both sexes (pooling all females as well as separating the three morphs) to gain insights into genes and pathways potentially associated with sexual development and sexual conflict...
December 1, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903203/prevalence-of-bullying-discrimination-and-sexual-harassment-among-trainees-and-fellows-of-the-college-of-intensive-care-medicine-of-australia-and-new-zealand
#3
Bala Venkatesh, Charlie Corke, Raymond Raper, Mary Pinder, Dianne Stephens, Gavin Joynt, Peter Morley, Rinaldo Bellomo, Rob Bevan, Ross Freebairn, Benoj Varghese, Michael Ashbolt, Felicity Hawker, Stephen Jacobe, Sarah Yong
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports about bullying behaviour in intensive care emerged during College of Intensive Care Medicine (CICM) hospital accreditation visits. Bullying, discrimination and sexual harassment (BDSH) in the medical profession, particularly in surgery, were widely reported in the media recently. This prompted the College to formally survey its Fellows and trainees to identify the prevalence of these behaviours in the intensive care workplace. METHODS: An online survey of all trainees (n = 951) and Fellows (n = 970) of the CICM...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903202/findings-of-the-bullying-discrimination-and-sexual-harassment-survey-response-of-the-college-of-intensive-care-medicine
#4
Bala Venkatesh, Charlie Corke, Raymond Raper, Mary Pinder, Dianne Stephens, Gavin Joynt, Peter Morley, Rinaldo Bellomo, Rob Bevan, Ross Freebairn, Benoj Varghese, Michael Ashbolt, Felicity Hawker, Stephen Jacobe, Sarah Yong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881751/artificial-selection-on-male-genitalia-length-alters-female-brain-size
#5
Séverine D Buechel, Isobel Booksmythe, Alexander Kotrschal, Michael D Jennions, Niclas Kolm
Male harassment is a classic example of how sexual conflict over mating leads to sex-specific behavioural adaptations. Females often suffer significant costs from males attempting forced copulations, and the sexes can be in an arms race over male coercion. Yet, despite recent recognition that divergent sex-specific interests in reproduction can affect brain evolution, sexual conflict has not been addressed in this context. Here, we investigate whether artificial selection on a correlate of male success at coercion, genital length, affects brain anatomy in males and females...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873056/individual-pheromone-signature-in-males-prerequisite-for-pheromone-mediated-mate-assessment-in-the-central-american-locust-schistocerca-piceifrons
#6
Christiane Stahr, Karsten Seidelmann
Living in high-density groups of animals has advantages and disadvantages for mating. The advantage of facilitated mate finding is compromised by difficulties in protecting a suitable partner from competitors. Thus, males regularly are faced with increased competition for sperm, and females with harassment by males at high population densities. To cope with these problems, mating tactics and mate choice mechanisms have to be adjusted. An adaptation to gregarious condition observed in locusts includes the use of male-emitted pheromones...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862124/disordered-eating-behaviors-among-transgender-youth-probability-profiles-from-risk-and-protective-factors
#7
Ryan J Watson, Jaimie F Veale, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: Research has documented high rates of disordered eating for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, but prevalence and patterns of disordered eating among transgender youth remain unexplored. This is despite unique challenges faced by this group, including gender-related body image and the use of hormones. We explore the relationship between disordered eating and risk and protective factors for transgender youth. METHODS: An online survey of 923 transgender youth (aged 14-25) across Canada was conducted, primarily using measures from existing youth health surveys...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861479/-gender-based-relations-and-mistreatment-in-medical-schools-a-pending-agenda-in-mexico-and-the-world
#8
Luz María Ángela Moreno-Tetlacuilo, Harumi Quezada-Yamamoto, Elsa Susana Guevara-Ruiseñor, Nora Ibarra-Araujo, Nora Liliana Martínez-Gatica, Roberto Pedraza-Moreno
The purpose of this review is to describe and analyze the status of gender violence in medical schools around the world, and its consequences in undergraduate students' health and academic development, mainly on female students. The different modalities reported in the literature are presented: gender discrimination, sexism, and sexual harassment, among others. The increase of women in medical schools has not transcendentally improved their condition in these institutions, where androcentrism and gender regimes that favor gender violence reproduce...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834118/challenging-hiv-vulnerability-discourse-the-case-of-professional-and-entrepreneurial-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#9
Neema William Jangu, Ailie Tam, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
A poverty-HIV narrative has dominated many HIV prevention strategies in Africa despite epidemiological data showing higher prevalence of infection among educated and wealthier women in several African countries. This paper examines the perspectives of professional and entrepreneurial women on HIV risk and vulnerability based on their knowledge and lived experiences, comparing this to the HIV discourse evident in five strategic documents that shape intervention in Tanzania. The purpose is to uncover the confluence and dissonance between the discourses of government and those of professional women themselves...
November 11, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830344/association-between-enacted-stigma-and-hiv-related-risk-behavior-among-msm-national-hiv-behavioral-surveillance-system-2011
#10
Alexandra B Balaji, Kristina E Bowles, Kristen L Hess, Justin C Smith, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
MSM bear a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. Enacted stigma (overt negative actions) against sexual minorities may play an important role in increasing HIV risk among this population. Using data from the 2011 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system, MSM cycle, we examined the independent associations between three measures of enacted stigma (verbal harassment, discrimination, physical assault) and engagement in each of four HIV-related risk behaviors as outcomes: condomless anal intercourse (CAI) at last sex with a male partner of HIV discordant or unknown status and, in the past 12 months, CAI with a male partner, ≥4 male sex partners, and exchange sex...
November 9, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798298/sexual-conflict-and-the-evolution-of-asexuality-at-low-population-densities
#11
Nina Gerber, Hanna Kokko
Theories for the evolution of sex rarely include facultatively sexual reproduction. Sexual harassment by males is an underappreciated factor: it should at first sight increase the relative advantage of asexual reproduction by increasing the cost of sex. However, if the same females can perform either sexual or asexual life cycles, then females trying to reproduce asexually may not escape harassment. If resisting male harassment is costly, it might be beneficial for a female to accept a mating and undertake a sexual life cycle rather than 'insist' on an asexual one...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777783/relationship-of-workplace-violence-and-perpetrators-on-sleep-disturbance-data-from-the-4th-korean-working-conditions-survey
#12
Taejun Yoo, Byeongjin Ye, Jung-Il Kim, Siwoo Park
OBJECTIVE: The present study analyzed relationship of workplace violence and perpetrators of violence on sleep disturbance among wage workers in Korea. METHODS: The present study used data from the 4th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS) of 2014 in selecting a total of 25,138wage workers as the study population, which excluded those who failed or refused to respond to questions required for the present study. The workplace violence experience group included people who satisfied at least one of six relevant criteria (verbal abuse, unwanted sexual attention, threatening or humiliating behavior, physical violence, bullying/harassment, and sexual harassment) and the group was divided according to whether the perpetrator of violence was a client or colleague...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771523/it-isn-t-all-just-fun-and-games-collegiate-participation-in-extracurricular-activities-and-risk-for-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-psychological-distress-and-alcohol-use
#13
Meredith McGinley, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760686/commentary-the-value-of-prep-for-people-who-inject-drugs
#14
Rosalind L Coleman, Susie McLean
INTRODUCTION: The offer of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an additional option for HIV prevention for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination HIV prevention approaches. Implementing this depends on integrating PrEP in public health programmes that address risky practices with evidence-based interventions, and that operate in an enabling legal and policy environment for the delivery of health services to those at higher risk of HIV infection...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732009/sexual-harassment-have-we-made-any-progress
#15
James Campbell Quick, M Ann McFadyen
Sexual harassment (SH) is a continuing, chronic occupational health problem in organizations and work environments. First addressed in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology through a 1998 Special Section on Sexual Harassment, we return to this consequential issue. If the goal is to reduce SH in organizations, and we believe that it should be, then a key question is whether we have made progress in 2 decades. The answer is mixed. Yes, there is a 28% decline in SH complaints. No, there is an increase in complaints by males...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726036/correlates-of-hiv-testing-among-transgender-women-in-ho-chi-minh-vietnam
#16
An Bao, Donn J Colby, Toan Trang, Bao Quoc Le, Thien Duc Dinh, Quan Hoang Nguyen, Huyen Thi Hoang, M Reuel Friedman, Ron Stall
HIV prevalence among transgender women (TW) in Ho Chi Minh City is estimated at 18 %. However, no evidence-based programs or surveillance data exist in Vietnam specific to HIV testing uptake. We examined prevalence and correlates of past-year HIV testing among TW (n = 204) recruited in 2015 via snowball sampling. 59.3 % reported HIV testing in the previous year. In adjusted models, factors positively associated with HIV testing included consistent condom use during sex work with male clients; STI testing in past year; sex with casual partners in the past month; and experiences of police harassment...
December 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712687/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-chronic-sexual-harassment-during-the-transition-to-college-examination-of-a-two-part-growth-mixture-model
#17
Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
A two-part latent growth mixture model was implemented in order to examine heterogeneity in the growth of sexual harassment (SH) victimization in college and university students, and the extent to which SH class membership explains substance use and mental health outcomes for certain groups of students. Demographic risk factors, mental health, and substance use were examined as they related to chronically experienced SH victimization. Incoming freshmen students (N = 2855; 58% female; 54% White) completed a survey at five time points...
November 2016: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708820/sources-incidence-and-effects-of-non-physical-workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-ghana
#18
Isaac Mensah Boafo, Peter Hancock, Eyal Gringart
AIM: To document the incidence, sources and effects of workplace verbal abuse and sexual harassment against Ghanaian nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ghana from 2013-2014 which surveyed 592 professional nurses and midwives working in public hospitals in Ghana using the health sector violence questionnaire. RESULTS: The majority of participants were females (80%). The average age of participants was 31·76 years and the average number of years practising as nurse was 7·38...
April 2016: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697966/technology-facilitated-sexual-violence-victimization-results-from-an-online-survey-of-australian-adults
#19
Anastasia Powell, Nicola Henry
Online forms of sexual harassment and abuse as experienced by adults represent an emerging yet under-researched set of behaviors, such that very few studies have sought to estimate the extent of the problem. This article presents the results of an online survey of 2,956 Australian adult (aged 18 to 54 years) experiences of technology-facilitated sexual violence (TFSV) victimization. The prevalence of TFSV was analyzed in relation to a 21-item scale developed in accordance with prior conceptual research identifying multiple dimensions of TFSV including digital sexual harassment, image-based sexual abuse, sexual aggression and/or coercion, and, gender and/or sexuality-based harassment (including virtual sexual violence)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625721/workplace-violence-and-harassment-against-emergency-medicine-residents
#20
Benjamin H Schnapp, Benjamin H Slovis, Anar D Shah, Abra L Fant, Michael A Gisondi, Kaushal H Shah, Christie A Lech
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that workplace violence in the emergency department (ED) is common. Residents may be among the most vulnerable staff, as they have the least experience with these volatile encounters. The goal for this study was to quantify and describe acts of violence against emergency medicine (EM) residents by patients and visitors and to identify perceived barriers to safety. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study queried EM residents at multiple New York City hospitals...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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