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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305016/-design-and-validation-of-the-scale-for-the-detection-of-violence-in-courtship-in-young-people-in-the-sevilla-university-spain
#1
María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Javier Rodríguez-Santero, Ana María Porcel-Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a specific instrument to detect exercised and suffered in the relations of young couples in violence. METHOD: Descriptive study of validation clinimetric. Stratified by sex and area of knowledge, which was adopted as inclusion criteria have or have had any relationship. The sample consisted of 447 subjects. RESULTS: We obtained the Multidimensional Scale Dating Violence (EMVN), 32 items with three dimensions: physical and sexual assault, behavior control (cyberbullying, surveillance and harassment) and abuse psicoemocional (disparagement and domination), as a victim or as aggressor...
January 2, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304401/experiences-of-sexual-harassment-are-associated-with-the-sexual-behavior-of-14-to-18-year-old-adolescents
#2
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hanna Savioja, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen
Subjection to sexual harassment is associated with a number of negative outcomes, such as internalizing and externalizing symptoms and a disinclination to attend school. Among adolescents, sexual harassment may increase with both their emerging sexual desires and increased socializing in mixed-gender peer groups during early adolescence. We set out to study the possible associations between normative and risk-taking sexual behavior and subjection to sexual harassment among adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years...
January 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295034/development-and-psychometrics-of-instruments-to-assess-school-personnel-s-bystander-action-in-situations-of-teen-relationship-abuse-and-sexual-assault
#3
Katie M Edwards, Stephanie N Sessarego, Linda R Stanley, Kimberly J Mitchell, Robert P Eckstein, Kara Anne E Rodenhizer, P Caroline Leyva, Victoria L Banyard
This article describes recently developed instruments that assess school personnel's bystander barriers and intentions in situations of teen relationship abuse, sexual assault, and sexual harassment, as well as perceptions of school readiness specific to relationship abuse, sexual assault, and sexual harassment prevention and response. Participants were 1,150 high school personnel from 25 schools in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Maine. Specific instruments focused on bystander intentions, bystander action, barriers to bystander action, and perceptions of school readiness...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295032/for-whom-does-hate-crime-hurt-more-a-comparison-of-consequences-of-victimization-across-motives-and-crime-types
#4
Caroline Mellgren, Mika Andersson, Anna-Karin Ivert
Hate crimes have been found to have more severe consequences than other parallel crimes that were not motivated by the offenders' hostility toward someone because of their real or perceived difference. Many countries today have hate crime laws that make it possible to increase the penalties for such crimes. The main critique against hate crime laws is that they punish thoughts. Instead, proponents of hate crime laws argue that sentence enhancement is justified because hate crimes cause greater harm. This study compares consequences of victimization across groups of victims to test for whom hate crimes hurt more...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294953/a-test-in-the-high-school-context-of-berdahl-s-status-theory-of-sex-based-harassment
#5
Rosalyn H Shute
This study, carried out in the high school context, is the first direct test of Berdahl's status theory of sex-based harassment. The theory covers not just male harassment of females, but female harassment of males and same-sex harassment. Participants were 771 males and 679 females, from Years 8 to 10, in five co-educational lower socioeconomic status (SES) Australian city schools, participating in a wider study of peer victimization. They indicated on a 5-point scale (from never to almost every day) how frequently they had experienced each of six sex-based harassment behaviors over the previous year, from same-sex and from opposite-sex peers, and responded to a question about sense of safety at school...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294881/longitudinal-effects-of-gendered-harassment-perpetration-and-victimization-on-mental-health-outcomes-in-adolescence
#6
Sarah J Rinehart, Dorothy L Espelage, Kristen L Bub
Gendered harassment, including sexual harassment and homophobic name-calling, is prevalent in adolescents and is linked to negative outcomes including depression, anxiety, suicidality, substance abuse, and personal distress. However, much of the extant literature is cross-sectional and rarely are perpetrators of these behaviors included in studies of outcomes. Therefore, the current study examined the effects of longitudinal changes in gendered harassment perpetration and victimization on changes in mental health outcomes among a large sample of early adolescents...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294761/-sticks-and-stones-may-break-my-bones-but-words-will-never-hurt-me-verbal-sexual-harassment-among-middle-school-students
#7
Shawn M Rolfe, Ryan D Schroeder
Research has recently found that sexual harassment occurs throughout our education system. Although the focus of these studies has been on both verbal and physical sexual harassment, the literature is scant when examining just verbal sexual harassment. Using self-report data from 30 New York City middle schools, the current study adds to the literature by examining the prevalence of verbal sexual harassment victimization and perpetration through the lens of gender and dating experiences. The study highlights that boys are verbally sexually harassed more than girls and students with dating experience are more likely to be victims or perpetrators of verbal sexual harassment...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294713/school-personnel-s-bystander-action-in-situations-of-dating-violence-sexual-violence-and-sexual-harassment-among-high-school-teens-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Katie M Edwards, Kara Anne Rodenhizer, Robert P Eckstein
We examined school personnel's engagement in bystander action in situations of teen dating violence (DV), sexual violence (SV), and sexual harassment (SH). We conducted focus groups with 22 school personnel from three high schools in New Hampshire. School personnel identified their own barriers to intervening in situations of teen DV, SV, and SH (e.g., not having the time or ability to intervene). School personnel also discussed the ways in which they intervened before (e.g., talking with teens about healthy relationships), during (e...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294669/college-sexual-assault-and-campus-climate-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-undergraduate-students
#9
Robert W S Coulter, Susan R Rankin
Sexual- and gender-minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) undergraduate students are at greater risk for sexual assault victimization than their cisgender (i.e., nontransgender) heterosexual peers. However, few studies have examined how social environments affect sexual assault victimization among sexual- and gender-minority undergraduate students. Nevertheless, this research area was identified as a priority by the Institute of Medicine as well as President Barack Obama's White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282823/evaluation-of-aggression-in-australian-after-hours-doctor-home-visit-services
#10
Chris O Ifediora
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Minimizing the risks and distress arising from aggression in after-hours house call (AHHC) services will help improve service quality in the industry. Unfortunately, no national study has ever evaluated this in Australian AHHCs. Apart from reducing this gap, findings from this work will have global relevance given the rising popularity of the AHHC industry worldwide. METHODS: A survey of all 300 doctors employed by the National Home Doctor Service, Australia's largest AHHC service provider...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282047/the-effects-of-patients-initiated-aggression-on-chinese-medical-students-career-planning
#11
Zhonghui Xie, Jing Li, Yuhua Chen, Kaijun Cui
BACKGROUND: Patient initiated aggression is common among Chinese health-care workers, reaching over 10,000 incidents annually (Jinyang web. http://6d.dxy.cn/article/55497 . 2013), and the tense doctor-patient relationship generates stress among medical students. Because of the paucity of data (few surveys pay attention to the effects of violence perpetrated by patients on medical students), this study aimed to characterize patient initiated aggression against medical students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey conducted at a medical school in West China in 2015, 157 medical students completed a self-administered questionnaire and the Short Form-36, which assesses quality of life...
December 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241986/the-effects-of-gender-and-sexuality-based-harassment-on-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-substance-use-disparities
#12
Robert W S Coulter, Melina Bersamin, Stephen T Russell, Christina Mair
PURPOSE: We tested three competing models about whether gender- and sexuality-based harassment at school have nonindependent, additive, or interactive effects on adolescents' electronic cigarette use (i.e., vaping), cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking (HED). We also tested whether harassment mediated substance use disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) adolescents and their cisgender heterosexual peers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey, including 316,766 students in grades 7, 9, and 11 from more than 1,500 middle and high schools...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239356/nine-researchers-sue-university-of-rochester-over-sexual-harassment-allegations
#13
Alexandra Witze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236567/sexual-harassment-in-medicine-metoo
#14
Reshma Jagsi
The news is filled with stories of celebrities who have engaged in egregious sexual misconduct. A recent poll suggested that more than half of U.S. women have experienced "unwanted and inappropriate sexual advances" at some point in their lives. Because I led a study of workplace sexual harassment..
December 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222134/workplace-violence-psychological-stress-sleep-quality-and-subjective-health-in-chinese-doctors-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tao Sun, Lei Gao, Fujun Li, Yu Shi, Fengzhe Xie, Jinghui Wang, Shuo Wang, Shue Zhang, Wenhui Liu, Xiaojian Duan, Xinyan Liu, Zhong Zhang, Li Li, Lihua Fan
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers is known as violence in healthcare settings and referring to the violent acts that are directed towards doctors, nurses or other healthcare staff at work or on duty. Moreover, WPV can cause a large number of adverse outcomes. However, there is not enough evidence to test the link between exposure to WPV against doctors, psychological stress, sleep quality and health status in China. OBJECTIVES: This study had three objectives: (1) to identify the incidence rate of WPV against doctors under a new classification, (2) to examine the association between exposure to WPV, psychological stress, sleep quality and subjective health of Chinese doctors and (3) to verify the partial mediating role of psychological stress...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190148/sexual-inactivity-among-transfeminine-persons-a-canadian-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#16
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer
Sexual health research with transfeminine persons (individuals assigned male at birth who identify as female or feminine) has focused on HIV infection and sexual function following medical treatments. Yet, approximately half of transfeminine persons in Ontario, Canada, reported no partnered sex in the previous year. Therefore, we identified sociodemographic, social, and psychosocial factors associated with past-year sexual inactivity among transfeminine Ontarians. A multi-mode respondent-driven sampling survey of transgender people was conducted in 2009-2010 (N = 433), including 173 transfeminine individuals who had ever been sexually active...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164362/coping-and-sexual-harassment-how-victims-cope-across-multiple-settings
#17
Jennifer A Scarduzio, Sarah E Sheff, Mathew Smith
The ways sexual harassment occurs both online and in face-to-face settings has become more complicated. Sexual harassment that occurs in cyberspace or online sexual harassment adds complexity to the experiences of victims, current research understandings, and the legal dimensions of this phenomenon. Social networking sites (SNS) are a type of social media that offer unique opportunities to users and sometimes the communication that occurs on SNS can cross the line from flirtation into online sexual harassment...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154590/labeling-of-deployment-sexual-harassment-experiences-among-male-and-female-veterans
#18
Christina M Dardis, Stephanie A Vento, Jaimie L Gradus, Amy E Street
OBJECTIVE: Victims' conceptualizations of traumatic experiences can impact screening responses and decisions to utilize health care. Despite experiencing events constituting sexual harassment, many victims do not label their experiences as such. In the military, specific situational factors (e.g., occurred on-duty, higher ranking harasser) and victim appraisals of experiences (e.g., offensive, threatening) have been associated with increased labeling of sexual harassment. However, no research has examined sexual harassment labeling among those deployed in recent Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts, where the context of harassment may differ from peacetime settings...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146143/reported-mistreatment-during-the-surgery-clerkship-varies-by-student-career-choice
#19
Michael T Kemp, Margaret Smith, Scott Kizy, Michael Englesbe, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Student mistreatment is often a major concern during the surgery clerkship. We hypothesized that mistreatment is decreasing and that career choice may reflect perceived mistreatment. METHODS: We surveyed 2319 physicians about their surgery clerkships. Mistreatment reporting was correlated to physician specialty and medical school graduation year. RESULTS: The response rate was 18.9% (440/2319). Recent graduates reported less mistreatment than more senior graduates (24...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142115/males-harm-females-less-when-competing-with-familiar-relatives
#20
Samuel J Lymbery, Leigh W Simmons
Sexual conflict occurs when reproductive partners have different fitness optima, and can lead to the evolution of traits in one sex that inflict fitness costs on the opposite sex. Recently, it has been proposed that antagonism by males towards females should be reduced when they compete with relatives, because reducing the future productivity of a female would result in an indirect fitness cost for a harmful male. We tested this prediction in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, the males of which harm females with genital spines and pre-copulatory harassment...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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