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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720015/sexual-violence-by-juveniles-in-institutions-a-descriptive-study-on-prevalence-and-circumstances
#1
Marc Allroggen, Jeannine Ohlert, Thea Rau, Jörg M Fegert
Adolescents in institutionalized care are at a particularly high risk of exhibiting sexually aggressive behavior including sexual harassment. So far, however, studies about the prevalence of sexually aggressive behavior in institutions are lacking. In this survey, 322 adolescents (43% female, average age 16.7 years) from 32 residential care facilities and boarding schools across Germany were asked about sexually aggressive behavior via a standardized questionnaire. Overall, 23.5% of the participants engaged in some form of sexually aggressive behavior in their lives, and 4...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715164/sexual-harassment-policies-and-training-in-state-legislatures
#2
Jonathan Griffin
(1) Sexual harassment is a violation of The Civil Rights Act of 1964. (2) Most states do not require employers to conduct sexual harassment training. (3) Most sexual harassment training for state legislators occurs at their orientation.
July 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712124/sexual-violence-associated-with-poor-mental-health-in-women-attending-australian-general-practices
#3
Laura Tarzia, Sarah Maxwell, Jodie Valpied, Kitty Novy, Rebecca Quake, Kelsey Hegarty
OBJECTIVE: Sexual violence (SV) against adult women is prevalent and associated with a range of mental health issues. General practitioners could potentially have a role in responding, however, there is little information to help guide them. Data around prevalence of all forms of adult SV (not just rape) is inconsistent, particularly in clinical samples, and the links between other forms of SV and mental health issues are not well supported. This study aimed to address these gaps in the knowledge base...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705236/youth-drinking-and-acute-harm-a-perspective-from-the-uk-on-effective-engagement-opportunities
#4
John Larsen
ᅟ: Youth drinking is linked with acute harms and Emergency Departments (ED) are places where some of these harms become apparent. This commentary argues that there is a clear case for routinely monitoring alcohol harm at ED and delivering brief interventions to engage with people at a time when they may be more likely to consider lifestyle behaviour change. Based on insights from the UK, it is suggested that young people may not always easily be engaged through messages that focus directly on alcohol harm, and efforts to engage them through issues that matter to them (such as sexual harassment) might add to the effectiveness...
July 13, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690113/male-violence-and-sexual-intimidation-in-a-wild-primate-society
#5
Alice Baniel, Guy Cowlishaw, Elise Huchard
Sexual violence occurring in the context of long-term heterosexual relationships, such as sexual intimidation, is widespread across human populations [1-3]. However, its evolutionary origins remain speculative because few studies have investigated the existence of comparable forms of sexual coercion in animals [4, 5], in which repeated male aggression toward a female provides the aggressor with delayed mating benefits [6]. Here, we test whether male aggression toward females functions as sexual coercion in wild chacma baboons (Papio ursinus)...
July 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685211/predicting-the-emergence-of-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#6
Michele L Ybarra, Richard E Thompson
This study aims to report the epidemiology of sexual violence (SV) perpetration for both female and male youth across a broad age spectrum. Additionally, the etiology of SV perpetration is examined by identifying prior exposures that predict a first SV perpetration. Six waves of data were collected nationally online, between 2006 and 2012, from 1586 youth between 10 and 21 years of age. Five types of SV were assessed: sexual harassment, sexual assault, coercive sex, attempted rape, and rape. To identify how prior exposures may predict the emergence of SV in adolescence, parsimonious lagged multivariable logistic regression models estimated the odds of first perpetrating each of the five types of SV within the context of other variables (e...
July 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681341/sexual-risks-and-policing-among-male-migrant-and-non-migrant-market-vendors-in-central-asia
#7
Phillip Marotta, Nabila El-Bassel, Assel Terlikbayeva, Gaukhar Mergenova, Sholpan Primbetova, Elwin Wu, Louisa Gilbert
The following study examined associations between sexual risk behaviors and policing among external migrant, internal migrant, and non-migrant male market workers in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Negative binomial regression and logistic regressions examined associations between sexual risk behaviors and policing (questioning by market officials and migration police, and arrest) for 1342 external, internal, and non-migrant workers recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Incidence rate ratios (IRR) and adjusted odds ratios (OR) were stratified by migration status...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679725/the-physical-environment-mediates-male-harm-and-its-effect-on-selection-in-females
#8
Li Yun, Patrick J Chen, Amardeep Singh, Aneil F Agrawal, Howard D Rundle
Recent experiments indicate that male preferential harassment of high-quality females reduces the variance in female fitness, thereby weakening natural selection through females and hampering adaptation and purging. We propose that this phenomenon, which results from a combination of male choice and male-induced harm, should be mediated by the physical environment in which intersexual interactions occur. Using Drosophila melanogaster, we examined intersexual interactions in small and simple (standard fly vials) versus slightly more realistic (small cages with spatial structure) environments...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667209/factors-associated-with-online-victimisation-among-malaysian-adolescents-who-use-social-networking-sites-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mary J Marret, Wan Yuen Choo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of online interpersonal victimisation and its association with patterns of social networking site (SNS) use, offline victimisation, offline perpetration and parental conflict among Malaysian adolescents using SNS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of students from randomly selected public secondary schools in the state of Negeri Sembilan was conducted using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire examined patterns of SNS use and included measures of online victimisation, online perpetration, offline victimisation and parental conflict...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647719/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses
#10
Lei Shi, Danyang Zhang, Chenyu Zhou, Libin Yang, Tao Sun, Tianjun Hao, Xiangwen Peng, Lei Gao, Wenhui Liu, Yi Mu, Yuzhen Han, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of workplace violence that Chinese nurses at tertiary and county-level hospitals encountered in the 12 months from December 2014 to January 2016, to identify and analyse risk factors for workplace violence, and to establish the basis for future preventive strategies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 44 tertiary hospitals and 90 county-level hospitals in 16 provinces (municipalities or autonomous regions) in China...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646281/relations-between-work-and-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-problems-uemsp-and-the-moderating-role-of-psychosocial-work-factors-on-the-relation-between-computer-work-and-uemsp
#11
Nektaria Nicolakakis, Susan R Stock, Michal Abrahamowicz, Rex Kline, Karen Messing
PURPOSE: Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems (UEMSP). But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. Nor have gender differences in the relation between UEMSP and these work factors  been studied. We sought to estimate: (1) the association between UEMSP and a range of physical, psychosocial and organizational work exposures, including the duration of computer work, and (2) the moderating effect of psychosocial work exposures on the relation between computer work and UEMSP...
June 23, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617003/sexual-harassment-victimization-school-belonging-and-depressive-symptoms-among-lgbtq-adolescents-temporal-insights
#12
Tyler Hatchel, Dorothy L Espelage, Yuanhong Huang
Peer victimization and the associated poor outcomes among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have been the focus of countless studies. School climate is a factor that has garnered significant attention. Perceptions of school contexts may even be mechanisms that define how victimization relates to poor outcomes. However, there is a lack of rigorous scholarship that could demonstrate directionality and therefore further augment our understanding of these relations. Specifically, it is not clear if victimization is strictly an antecedent to mental health issues like depressive symptoms...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594630/psychopathy-and-deviant-workplace-behavior-a-comparison-of-two-psychopathy-models
#13
Jessica R Carre, Steven M Mueller, Karly M Schleicher, Daniel N Jones
Although psychopathy is an interpersonally harmful construct, few studies have compared different psychopathy models in predicting different types of workplace deviance. We examined how the Triarchic Psychopathy Model (TRI-PM) and the Self-Report Psychopathy-Short Form (SRP-SF) predicted deviant workplace behaviors in two forms: sexual harassment and deviant work behaviors. Using structural equations modeling, the latent factor of psychopathy was predictive for both types of deviant workplace behavior. Specifically, the SRP-SF significantly predicted both measures of deviant workplace behavior...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584921/patterns-of-bullying-and-sexual-harassment-connections-with-parents-and-teachers-as-direct-protective-factors
#14
Jennifer L Doty, Amy L Gower, Jessie H Rudi, Barbara J McMorris, Iris W Borowsky
Involvement in bullying and sexual harassment in adolescence is associated with a variety of internalizing, externalizing, and health-risk behaviors. Yet, the two behaviors are often studied independently. The current study examined how bullying and sexual harassment co-occur and whether social connections protected youth from risk patterns. The data for this study come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 121,311; 50% female, 74% White, 26% received free or reduced-price lunch; M age = 14.9, SD = 1...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582653/gender-matters-experiences-and-consequences-of-digital-dating-abuse-victimization-in-adolescent-dating-relationships
#15
Lauren A Reed, Richard M Tolman, L Monique Ward
Digital dating abuse (DDA) behaviors include the use of digital media to monitor, control, threaten, harass, pressure, or coerce a dating partner. In this study, 703 high school students reported on the frequency of DDA victimization, whether they were upset by these incidents, and how they responded. Results suggest that although both girls and boys experienced DDA at similar rates of frequency (with the exception of sexual coercion), girls reported that they were more upset by these behaviors. Girls also expressed more negative emotional responses to DDA victimization than boys...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580845/-nobody-teases-good-girls-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-sexual-harassment-among-young-men-in-a-slum-of-mumbai
#16
Susannah Zietz, Madhumita Das
Young adulthood is a key period in which gender norms are solidified. As a result, young women are particularly vulnerable to gender-based violence. In Delhi, over 90% of women have ever experienced sexual violence in public spaces. Sexual harassment of girls and women in public spaces is commonly named 'eve teasing' in India. Experience of sexual harassment in public spaces has been found to be associated with restricted mobility, interrupted education, and early age at marriage. Little is known about men's perspectives on eve teasing and how they believe it affects women and girls...
June 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569622/homophobic-bullying-and-cyberbullying-study-of-a-silenced-problem
#17
Paz Elipe, María de la Oliva Muñoz, Rosario Del Rey
Bullying and cyberbullying have been studied extensively. In Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Questioning (LGBQ) students these phenomena seem to be overrepresented so that, although they share some common elements, homophobic bullying and cyberbullying could be considered as specific phenomena. This study analyzed homophobic bullying and cyberbullying, with the participation of 533 Spanish secondary school students aged from 12 to 20 (M = 14.9, SD = 1.7). The results showed that students identified as non-heterosexual experienced a higher level of being targeted with bullying and cyberbullying, declaring almost half of them they had been victimized and more than 20% cybervictimized...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566013/sexual-harassment-and-menstrual-disorders-among-italian-university-women-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#18
P Romito, C Cedolin, F Bastiani, L Beltramini, M J Saurel-Cubizolles
AIMS: Menstrual disorders and sexual harassment are common among young women and interfere with their life and activities. We aimed to describe the association of sexual harassment and menstrual disorders among female university students. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study examined the association between sexual harassment and menstrual disorders in a sample of 349 university students in Italy. Students answered an anonymous self-administered questionnaire...
July 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552025/social-stigma-legal-and-public-health-barriers-faced-by-the-third-gender-phenomena-in-brazil-india-and-mexico-travestis-hijras-and-muxes
#19
Alessandra Diehl, Denise Leite Vieira, Marina Milograna Zaneti, Ana Fanganiello, Pratap Sharan, Rebecca Robles, Jair de Jesus Mari
AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this article is to provide a narrative literature review of the 'third gender' phenomenon in Brazil ( Travestis), India ( Hijras) and Mexico ( Muxes), considering the social stigma, the legal and health aspects of these identities. RESULTS: These three groups share similar experiences of stigmatisation, marginalisation, sexual abuse, HIV infection, infringement of civil rights and harassment accessing health services. Brazil, India and Mexico public services for the third gender conditions are still very scarce and inadequate for the heavy demand from potential users...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494125/harassment-and-mental-distress-among-adolescent-female-students-by-sexual-identity-and-bmi-or-perceived-weight-status
#20
Michelle Marie Johns, Richard Lowry, Zewditu Demissie, Leah Robin
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority girls (lesbian/bisexual) and girls with overweight/obesity experience high rates of discrimination and mental distress. This study explored whether BMI or perceived weight status might compound sexual minority girls' risk for harassment and mental distress. METHODS: Data on female students from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 7,006) were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to examine differences in bullying, harassment, and mental distress across sexual identity/BMI groups: heterosexual/normal-weight, heterosexual/overweight, sexual minority/normal-weight, and sexual minority/overweight...
May 11, 2017: Obesity
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