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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089116/bullying-and-sexual-discrimination-in-the-greek-health-care-system
#1
Pavlina Chrysafi, Effie Simou, Marinos Makris, George Malietzis, Gregory C Makris
INTRODUCTION: Modern medicine is based on teamwork and communication. Bullying and discrimination can have a serious effect on these, affecting the standard of medical training and patient care. AIM: To determine the incidence of bullying and sex discrimination in the Greek health care system. METHODS: An online questionnaire was designed and circulated among Greek medical professionals. RESULTS: We received 1349 completed questionnaires with a response rate of 48% and with 45% of them being female...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081497/paramedic-student-exposure-to-workplace-violence-during-clinical-placements-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Malcolm Boyle, Lisa McKenna
Paramedic students are hesitant to formally report exposure to acts of workplace violence as they feel it may jeopardise their chance of getting a job. The objective of this study was to identify the type and number of workplace violence acts experienced by undergraduate paramedic students whilst on an ambulance clinical placement. This was a cross-sectional study using the Paramedic Workplace Violence Exposure Questionnaire to obtain student exposure to acts of workplace violence which occurred whilst on ambulance clinical placements...
January 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074343/interspecies-sexual-behaviour-between-a-male-japanese-macaque-and-female-sika-deer
#3
Marie Pelé, Alexandre Bonnefoy, Masaki Shimada, Cédric Sueur
Interspecies sexual behaviour or 'reproductive interference' has been reported across a wide range of animal taxa. However, most of these occurrences were observed in phylogenetically close species and were mainly discussed in terms of their effect on fitness, hybridization and species survival. The few cases of heterospecific mating in distant species occurred between animals that were bred and maintained in captivity. Only one scientific study has reported this phenomenon, describing sexual harassment of king penguins by an Antarctic fur seal...
January 10, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068130/victimization-and-depressive-symptomology-in-transgender-adults-the-mediating-role-of-avoidant-coping
#4
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Tiara C Willie, Sari L Reisner
Victimization and depressive distress symptoms represent serious and interconnected public health problems facing transgender communities. Avoidant coping is hypothesized to temporarily alleviate the stress of victimization, but has potential long-term mental and behavioral health costs, such as increasing the probability of depressive symptoms. A community sample of 412 transgender adults (M age = 32.7, SD = 12.8) completed a one-time survey capturing multiple forms of victimization (i.e., everyday discrimination, bullying, physical assault by family, verbal harassment by family, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence), avoidant coping, and past-week depressive symptomology...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057313/workplace-violence-and-job-outcomes-of-newly-licensed-nurses
#5
Hyoung Eun Chang, Sung-Hyun Cho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of workplace violence toward newly licensed nurses and the relationship between workplace violence and job outcomes. METHODS: An online survey was conducted of newly licensed registered nurses who had obtained their license in 2012 or 2013 in South Korea and had been working for 5-12 months after first being employed. The sample consisted of 312 nurses working in hospitals or clinics. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II was used to measure violence and nurse job outcomes...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#6
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974043/airplane-pilot-mental-health-and-suicidal-thoughts-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-via-anonymous-web-based-survey
#7
Alexander C Wu, Deborah Donnelly-McLay, Marc G Weisskopf, Eileen McNeely, Theresa S Betancourt, Joseph G Allen
BACKGROUND: The Germanwings Flight 9525 crash has brought the sensitive subject of airline pilot mental health to the forefront in aviation. Globally, 350 million people suffer from depression-a common mental disorder. This study provides further information on this important topic regarding mental health especially among female airline pilots. This is the first study to describe airline pilot mental health-with a focus on depression and suicidal thoughts-outside of the information derived from aircraft accident investigations, regulated health examinations, or identifiable self-reports, which are records protected by civil aviation authorities and airline companies...
December 15, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941182/paramedic-and-midwifery-student-exposure-to-workplace-violence-during-clinical-placements-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#8
Malcolm Boyle, Lisa McKenna
Objectives:   The objective of this pilot study was to identify the type of workplace violence experienced by undergraduate paramedic and midwifery students. Methods: The study used a cross-sectional methodology with the self-administered paper-based Paramedic Workplace Violence Exposure Questionnaire to elicit undergraduate paramedic and midwife responses to workplace violence whilst on clinical placements. There were 393 students eligible for inclusion in the study...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940501/predicting-sexual-harassment-from-hostile-sexism-and-short-term-mating-orientation-relative-strength-of-predictors-depends-on-situational-priming-of-power-versus-sex
#9
Charlotte Diehl, Jonas Rees, Gerd Bohner
Previous research has shown that short-term mating orientation (STMO) and hostile sexism (HS) selectively predict different types of sexual harassment. In a priming experiment, we studied the situational malleability of those effects. Male participants could repeatedly send sexist jokes (gender harassment), harassing remarks (unwanted sexual attention), or nonharassing messages to a (computer-simulated) female target. Before entering the laboratory, participants were unobtrusively primed with the concepts of either sexuality or power...
December 9, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909269/chaperones-and-intimate-physical-examinations-what-do-male-and-female-patients-want
#10
V C Fan, H T Choy, G Yj Kwok, H G Lam, Q Y Lim, Y Y Man, C K Tang, C C Wong, Y F Yu, G Kk Leung
INTRODUCTION: Many studies of patients' perception of a medical chaperone have focused on female patients; that of male patients are less well studied. Moreover, previous studies were largely based on patient populations in English-speaking countries. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the perception and attitude of male and female Chinese patients to the presence of a chaperone during an intimate physical examination. METHODS: A cross-sectional guided questionnaire survey was conducted on a convenient sample of 150 patients at a public teaching hospital in Hong Kong...
December 2, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905879/transcriptome-profiling-in-the-damselfly-ischnura-elegans-identifies-genes-with-sex-biased-expression
#11
Pallavi Chauhan, Maren Wellenreuther, Bengt Hansson
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism occurs widely across the animal kingdom and has profound effects on evolutionary trajectories. Here, we investigate sex-specific gene expression in Ischnura elegans (Odonata: dragonflies and damselflies), a species with pronounced sexual differences including a female-limited colour polymorphism with two female-like gynochrome morphs and one male-mimicking, androchrome morph. Whole-organism transcriptome profiling and sex-biased gene expression analysis was conducted on adults of both sexes (pooling all females as well as separating the three morphs) to gain insights into genes and pathways potentially associated with sexual development and sexual conflict...
December 1, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903203/prevalence-of-bullying-discrimination-and-sexual-harassment-among-trainees-and-fellows-of-the-college-of-intensive-care-medicine-of-australia-and-new-zealand
#12
Bala Venkatesh, Charlie Corke, Raymond Raper, Mary Pinder, Dianne Stephens, Gavin Joynt, Peter Morley, Rinaldo Bellomo, Rob Bevan, Ross Freebairn, Benoj Varghese, Michael Ashbolt, Felicity Hawker, Stephen Jacobe, Sarah Yong
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports about bullying behaviour in intensive care emerged during College of Intensive Care Medicine (CICM) hospital accreditation visits. Bullying, discrimination and sexual harassment (BDSH) in the medical profession, particularly in surgery, were widely reported in the media recently. This prompted the College to formally survey its Fellows and trainees to identify the prevalence of these behaviours in the intensive care workplace. METHODS: An online survey of all trainees (n = 951) and Fellows (n = 970) of the CICM...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903202/findings-of-the-bullying-discrimination-and-sexual-harassment-survey-response-of-the-college-of-intensive-care-medicine
#13
Bala Venkatesh, Charlie Corke, Raymond Raper, Mary Pinder, Dianne Stephens, Gavin Joynt, Peter Morley, Rinaldo Bellomo, Rob Bevan, Ross Freebairn, Benoj Varghese, Michael Ashbolt, Felicity Hawker, Stephen Jacobe, Sarah Yong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881751/artificial-selection-on-male-genitalia-length-alters-female-brain-size
#14
Séverine D Buechel, Isobel Booksmythe, Alexander Kotrschal, Michael D Jennions, Niclas Kolm
Male harassment is a classic example of how sexual conflict over mating leads to sex-specific behavioural adaptations. Females often suffer significant costs from males attempting forced copulations, and the sexes can be in an arms race over male coercion. Yet, despite recent recognition that divergent sex-specific interests in reproduction can affect brain evolution, sexual conflict has not been addressed in this context. Here, we investigate whether artificial selection on a correlate of male success at coercion, genital length, affects brain anatomy in males and females...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873056/individual-pheromone-signature-in-males-prerequisite-for-pheromone-mediated-mate-assessment-in-the-central-american-locust-schistocerca-piceifrons
#15
Christiane Stahr, Karsten Seidelmann
Living in high-density groups of animals has advantages and disadvantages for mating. The advantage of facilitated mate finding is compromised by difficulties in protecting a suitable partner from competitors. Thus, males regularly are faced with increased competition for sperm, and females with harassment by males at high population densities. To cope with these problems, mating tactics and mate choice mechanisms have to be adjusted. An adaptation to gregarious condition observed in locusts includes the use of male-emitted pheromones...
December 2016: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862124/disordered-eating-behaviors-among-transgender-youth-probability-profiles-from-risk-and-protective-factors
#16
Ryan J Watson, Jaimie F Veale, Elizabeth M Saewyc
PURPOSE: Research has documented high rates of disordered eating for lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth, but prevalence and patterns of disordered eating among transgender youth remain unexplored. This is despite unique challenges faced by this group, including gender-related body image and the use of hormones. We explore the relationship between disordered eating and risk and protective factors for transgender youth. METHODS: An online survey of 923 transgender youth (aged 14-25) across Canada was conducted, primarily using measures from existing youth health surveys...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861479/-gender-based-relations-and-mistreatment-in-medical-schools-a-pending-agenda-in-mexico-and-the-world
#17
Luz María Ángela Moreno-Tetlacuilo, Harumi Quezada-Yamamoto, Elsa Susana Guevara-Ruiseñor, Nora Ibarra-Araujo, Nora Liliana Martínez-Gatica, Roberto Pedraza-Moreno
The purpose of this review is to describe and analyze the status of gender violence in medical schools around the world, and its consequences in undergraduate students' health and academic development, mainly on female students. The different modalities reported in the literature are presented: gender discrimination, sexism, and sexual harassment, among others. The increase of women in medical schools has not transcendentally improved their condition in these institutions, where androcentrism and gender regimes that favor gender violence reproduce...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834118/challenging-hiv-vulnerability-discourse-the-case-of-professional-and-entrepreneurial-women-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#18
Neema William Jangu, Ailie Tam, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale
A poverty-HIV narrative has dominated many HIV prevention strategies in Africa despite epidemiological data showing higher prevalence of infection among educated and wealthier women in several African countries. This paper examines the perspectives of professional and entrepreneurial women on HIV risk and vulnerability based on their knowledge and lived experiences, comparing this to the HIV discourse evident in five strategic documents that shape intervention in Tanzania. The purpose is to uncover the confluence and dissonance between the discourses of government and those of professional women themselves...
November 11, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830344/association-between-enacted-stigma-and-hiv-related-risk-behavior-among-msm-national-hiv-behavioral-surveillance-system-2011
#19
Alexandra B Balaji, Kristina E Bowles, Kristen L Hess, Justin C Smith, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
MSM bear a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. Enacted stigma (overt negative actions) against sexual minorities may play an important role in increasing HIV risk among this population. Using data from the 2011 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system, MSM cycle, we examined the independent associations between three measures of enacted stigma (verbal harassment, discrimination, physical assault) and engagement in each of four HIV-related risk behaviors as outcomes: condomless anal intercourse (CAI) at last sex with a male partner of HIV discordant or unknown status and, in the past 12 months, CAI with a male partner, ≥4 male sex partners, and exchange sex...
November 9, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798298/sexual-conflict-and-the-evolution-of-asexuality-at-low-population-densities
#20
Nina Gerber, Hanna Kokko
Theories for the evolution of sex rarely include facultatively sexual reproduction. Sexual harassment by males is an underappreciated factor: it should at first sight increase the relative advantage of asexual reproduction by increasing the cost of sex. However, if the same females can perform either sexual or asexual life cycles, then females trying to reproduce asexually may not escape harassment. If resisting male harassment is costly, it might be beneficial for a female to accept a mating and undertake a sexual life cycle rather than 'insist' on an asexual one...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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