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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823138/the-effect-of-age-genotype-and-sex-on-carcass-traits-meat-quality-and-sensory-attributes-of-geese
#1
Linda Uhlířová, Eva Tůmová, Darina Chodová, Jana Vlčková, Mohamed Ketta, Zdeněk Volek, Věra Skřivanová
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare carcass traits, meat quality and sensory attributes in two different genotypes of geese according to age and sex. Methods: The experiment was carried out on 160 birds of two genotypes of geese: the Czech Goose (CG) breed and a Eskildsen Schwer (ES) hybrid. One-d-old goslings were divided into four groups according to genotype and sex. Two dates for slaughtering (at 8 and 16 wk of age of goslings) were undertaken. Results: The slaughter weight, cold carcass weight and dressing percentage were affected by all the studied factors, and significant interactions between age, genotype and sex were detected in the slaughter weight (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823131/effect-of-wheat-bran-and-dried-carrot-pomace-addition-on-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage
#2
Sanjay Yadav, Ashok K Pathera, Rayees Ul Islam, Ashok K Malik, Diwakar P Sharma
Objective: Effect of addition of wheat bran (WB) and dried carrot pomace (DCP) on sensory, textural, colour, physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics of chicken sausage were evaluated. Methods: WB and DCP were used as a source of dietary fibre at 3%, 6% and 9% level individually. Different quality attributes of sausages were estimated. One product from each source with very good sensory acceptability was selected to analyze dietary fibre content and shelf life under refrigerated storage...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823015/effects-of-eutrophication-on-diatom-abundance-biovolume-and-diversity-in-tropical-coastal-waters
#3
Joon Hai Lim, Choon Weng Lee
Diatom abundance, biovolume and diversity were measured over a 2-year period along the Straits of Malacca at two stations with upper (Klang) and lower (Port Dickson) states of eutrophication. Diatom abundance, which ranged from 0.2 × 10(4) to 21.7 × 10(4) cells L(-1) at Klang and 0.9 × 10(3)- 41.3 × 10(3) cells L(-1) at Port Dickson, was influenced partly by nutrient concentrations. At Klang, the diatoms were generally smaller and less diverse (H' = 0.77 ± 0.48) and predominated by Skeletonema spp...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822981/spectrum-of-lymphomas-across-different-drug-treatment-groups-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-european-registries-collaborative-project
#4
Louise K Mercer, Anne C Regierer, Xavier Mariette, William G Dixon, Eva Baecklund, Karin Hellgren, Lene Dreyer, Merete Lund Hetland, René Cordtz, Kimme Hyrich, Anja Strangfeld, Angela Zink, Helena Canhao, M Victoria Hernandez, Florence Tubach, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Jacques Morel, Jakub Zavada, Florenzo Iannone, Johan Askling, Joachim Listing
BACKGROUND: Lymphomas comprise a heterogeneous group of malignant diseases with highly variable prognosis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with a twofold increased risk of both Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). It is unknown whether treatment with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) affect the risk of specific lymphoma subtypes. METHODS: Patients never exposed to (bionaïve) or ever treated with bDMARDs from 12 European biologic registers were followed prospectively for the occurrence of first ever histologically confirmed lymphoma...
August 19, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822978/ecological-analysis-of-secular-trends-in-low-birth-weight-births-and-adult-height-in-japan
#5
Naho Morisaki, Kevin Yuji Urayama, Keisuke Yoshii, S V Subramanian, Susumu Yokoya
BACKGROUND: Japan, which currently maintains the highest life expectancy in the world and has experienced an impressive gain in adult height over the past century, has suffered a dramatic twofold increase in low birth weight (LBW) births since the 1970s. METHODS: We observed secular trends in birth characteristics using 64 115 249 live births included the vital statistics (1969-2014), as well as trends in average height among 3 145 521 adults born between 1969 and 1996, included in 79 surveys conducted among a national, subnational or community population in Japan...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822948/bacterial-and-archaeal-community-distribution-and-stabilization-of-anaerobic-sludge-in-a-strengthen-circulation-anaerobic-sca-reactor-for-municipal-wastewater-treatment
#6
Bo Yang, Hui Xu, Junfeng Wang, Xinshan Song, Yuhui Wang, Fang Li, Qing Tian, Chunyan Ma, Daoyuan Wang, Junhong Bai, Wolfgang Sand
In this study, a SCA reactor was employed for municipal wastewater treatment at a mesophilic temperature (30°C) under different hydraulic retention times (HRT) and upflow velocities (Vup) to investigate granule sludge stability and spatial microbial distribution. The stable COD removal efficiency readied at HRT of 15, 12, 9 and 6h, and Vup ranging from 0.6 to 5.9mh(-1). EPS fraction analysis of granule sludge shows that municipal wastewater was mainly attributed to the enrichment influence of polysaccharide and tightly bound-EPS...
August 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822936/influence-of-coupled-ocean-atmosphere-phenomena-on-the-greater-horn-of-africa-droughts-and-their-implications
#7
Freddie Mpelasoka, Joseph L Awange, Ayalsew Zerihun
Drought-like humanitarian crises in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) are increasing despite recent progress in drought monitoring and prediction efforts. Notwithstanding these efforts, there remain challenges stemming from uncertainty in drought prediction, and the inflexibility and limited buffering capacity of the recurrent impacted systems. The complexity of the interactions of ENSO, IOD, IPO and NAO, arguably remains the main source of uncertainty in drought prediction. To develop practical drought risk parameters that potentially can guide investment strategies and risk-informed planning, this study quantifies, drought characteristics that underpin drought impacts management...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822919/neighborhood-environment-walkability-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#8
Yanan Zhao, Pak-Kwong Chung
This study examined the associations between walkability related environmental attributes (WREA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among older adults in Hong Kong. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 340 participants (women = 233; mean age = 74.4 years) living in urban communities. Independent variables included residential density, land use mix-diversity, land use mix-access, street connectivity, infrastructure for walking, aesthetics, traffic hazards, crime, access to parking, lack of cul-de-sacs, hilliness, and physical barriers...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822865/formation-and-morphogenesis-of-a-cuttlebone-s-aragonite-biomineral-structures-for-the-common-cuttlefish-sepia-officinalis-on-the-nanoscale-revisited
#9
Vida Čadež, Srečo D Škapin, Adrijana Leonardi, Igor Križaj, Saša Kazazić, Branka Salopek-Sondi, Ivan Sondi
This study describes and examines the structural and morphological properties of the hierarchically organized, aragonite cuttlebone forms for the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis, L.), including its main structural parts, the dorsal shield, and the chambers. Specifically, it complements the mechanism for the self-organized formation of aragonite, identifies the presence, and determines the role of soluble organic matrix (SOM) proteins in the morphogenesis of the cuttlebone's biomineral structures on the nanoscale...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822859/a-facile-method-to-prepare-green-nano-phosphors-with-a-large-stokes-shift-and-solid-state-enhanced-photophysical-properties-based-on-surface-modified-gold-nanoclusters
#10
C H Cheng, H Y Huang, M J Talite, W C Chou, J M Yeh, C T Yuan
Colloidal nano-materials, such as quantum dots (QDs) have been applied to light-conversion nano-phosphors due to their unique tunable emission. However, most of the QDs involve toxic elements and are synthesized in a hazardous solvent. In addition, conventional QD nano-phosphors with a small Stokes shift suffered from reabsorption losses and aggregation-induced quenching in the solid state. Here, we demonstrate a facile, matrix-free method to prepare eco-friendly nano-phosphors with a large Stokes shift based on aqueous thiolate-stabilized gold nanoclusters (GSH-AuNCs) with simple surface modifications...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822856/antigen-presenting-dendritic-cells-in-atherosclerosis
#11
Jesus Gil-Pulido, Alma Zernecke
Atherosclerosis is characterized by lipid accumulation and chronic inflammation of the arterial wall, involving both innate and adaptive immune responses. Accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages is a key event in atherosclerosis. However, also other immune cells, such as dendritic cells (DC) and T cells, are found within lesions. DCs are classified as a separate lineage of mononuclear phagocytes that arise from progenitors distinct from precursors of monocytes/macrophages. Although a clear attribution of the effects of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to monocytes/macrophages and DCs is hampered by the use of promiscuous surface markers, recent research has approached to resolve the contribution of bona fide cDCs and their subsets and of plasmacytoid-DCs (pDCs) to atherosclerosis...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822848/tetracarboxy-phthalocyanines-from-excited-state-dynamics-to-photodynamic-inactivation-against-bovine-herpesvirus-type-1
#12
Leandro H Z Cocca, Taise M A Oliveira, Fernando Gotardo, Amanda V Teles, Ricardo Menegatti, Jonathas P Siqueira, Cleber R Mendonça, Luiz A M Bataus, Anderson O Ribeiro, Thalita F M Souza, Guilherme R L Souza, Pablo J Gonçalves, Leonardo De Boni
Herein we present the excited state dynamic of zinc and aluminum tetracarboxy-phthalocyanines (ZnPc and AlPc) and its application in the photodynamic inactivation (PDI) of Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) in vitro. The excited state dynamic provides valuable data to describe the excited state properties of potential optical limiters and/or photosensitizers (PSs), such as: the excited state cross-sections, fluorescence lifetime and triplet state quantum yield. The excited state characterization was performed using three different Z-scan techniques: Single Pulse, White Light Continuum and Pulse Train...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822815/enrichment-of-highly-settleable-microalgal-consortia-in-mixed-cultures-for-effluent-polishing-and-low-cost-biomass-production
#13
Yuansheng Hu, Xiaodi Hao, Mark van Loosdrecht, Huiqin Chen
Microalgae cultivation is a promising technology for integrated effluent polishing and biofuel production, but poor separability of microalgal cells hinders its industrial application. This study intended to selectively enrich settleable microalgal consortia in mixed culture by applying "wash-out" pressure, which was realized by controlling settling time (ST) and volume exchange ratio (VER) in photo-SBRs. The results demonstrated that highly settleable microalgal consortia (settling efficiency>97%; SVI = 17-50 mL/g) could be enriched from indigenous algal cultures developed in WWTP's effluent...
August 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822801/microarray-gene-expression-study-in-fibroblast-and-lymphoblastoid-cell-lines-from-antipsychotic-na%C3%A3-ve-first-episode-schizophrenia-patients
#14
Patricia Gassó, Sergi Mas, Natalia Rodríguez, Daniel Boloc, Susana García-Cerro, Miquel Bernardo, Amalia Lafuente, Eduard Parellada
Schizophrenia (SZ) is a chronic psychiatric disorder whose onset of symptoms occurs in late adolescence and early adulthood. The etiology is complex and involves important gene-environment interactions. Microarray gene-expression studies on SZ have identified alterations in several biological processes. The heterogeneity in the results can be attributed to the use of different sample types and other important confounding factors including age, illness chronicity and antipsychotic exposure. The aim of the present microarray study was to analyze, for the first time to our knowledge, differences in gene expression profiles in 18 fibroblast (FCLs) and 14 lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) from antipsychotic-naïve first-episode schizophrenia (FES) patients and healthy controls...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822787/global-regional-and-national-deaths-prevalence-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#15
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822714/cardiovascular-disease-leads-to-a-new-algorithm-for-diabetes-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Valentina Rodriguez, Matthew C Weiss, Howard Weintraub, Ira J Goldberg, Arthur Schwartzbard
Patients with diabetes mellitus have increased rates of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and heart failure (HF). This increase occurs despite optimal lipid-lowering therapies. We reviewed clinical trials of diabetes treatments and their effects on circulating plasma lipoproteins and CVD. Several earlier studies failed to demonstrate clear CVD benefit from diabetes therapies. In addition, triglyceride-reducing agents did not reduce overall CVD in large clinical trials although these trials were not conducted in cohorts selected as hypertriglyceridemic...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822581/favorable-residual-stress-induction-by-resin-cementation-on-dental-porcelain
#17
Garry J P Fleming, Xu Cao, Dan L Romanyk, Owen Addison
OBJECTIVES: Despite developments in polycrystalline ceramics, glassy dental-ceramic materials provide the optimum cosmetic option in most clinical situations to mimic the natural dentition. The clinical success of glassy dental-ceramic materials is often attributed to resin-adhesive bonding techniques. In this study we explore whether shrinkage stresses generated on photo-polymerisation of the resin-cement are sufficient to induce ceramic surface defect stabilization, and we quantify the transient nature of the induced stresses...
August 16, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822507/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hypertension-results-from-a-representative-cohort-of-over-16-000-adults-in-three-cities-of-south-asia
#18
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Shreeparna Ghosh, Roopa Shivashankar, Vamadevan S Ajay, Dimple Kondal, Ruby Gupta, Mohammed K Ali, Deepa Mohan, Viswanathan Mohan, Masood M Kadir, Nikhil Tandon, Kolli Srinath Reddy, K M Venkat Narayan
BACKGROUND: Despite high projected burden, hypertension incidence data are lacking in South Asian population. We measured hypertension prevalence and incidence in the Center for cArdio-metabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS) adult cohort. METHODS: The CARRS Study recruited representative samples of Chennai, Delhi, and Karachi in 2010/11, and socio-demographic and risk factor data were obtained using a standard common protocol. Blood pressure (BP) was measured in the sitting position using electronic sphygmomanometer both at baseline and two year follow-up...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822314/a-portable-smart-phone-device-for-rapid-and-sensitive-detection-of-e-coli-o157-h7-in-yoghurt-and-egg
#19
Mohamed Maarouf Ali Zeinhom, Yijia Wang, Yang Song, Mei-Jun Zhu, Yuehe Lin, Dan Du
The detection of E. coli O157:H7 in foods has held the attention of many researchers because of the seriousness attributed to this pathogen. In this study, we present a simple, sensitive, rapid and portable smartphone based fluorescence device for E. coli O157:H7 detection. This field-portable fluorescent imager on the smartphone involves a compact laser-diode-based photosource, a long-pass (LP) thin-film interference filter and a high-quality insert lenses. The design of the device provided a low noise to background imaging system...
August 4, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822308/the-acute-effects-of-ultraviolet-radiation-on-the-blood-transcriptome-are-independent-of-plasma-25ohd3
#20
Mariona Bustamante, Carles Hernandez-Ferrer, Yaris Sarria, Graham I Harrison, Lara Nonell, Wenjing Kang, Marc R Friedländer, Xavier Estivill, Juan R González, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Antony R Young
The molecular basis of many health outcomes attributed to solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that they may originate from transcriptional changes in blood cells. This was determined by assessing the effect of fluorescent solar simulated radiation (FSSR) on the transcriptional profile of peripheral blood pre- and 6h, 24h and 48h post-exposure in nine healthy volunteers. Expression of 20 genes was down-regulated and one was up-regulated at 6h after FSSR. All recovered to baseline expression at 24h or 48h...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Research
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