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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#1
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767119/recent-advances-in-sturgeon-nutrition
#2
REVIEW
Silas S O Hung
Sturgeons are fish species of biological and economical importance, and most of them are endangered, vulnerable or rare because of their large size, late sexual maturity, long period between spawning, and longevity. These unique biological characteristics make them highly susceptible to overfishing, degradation of habitat and spawning ground, and contamination of water and sediments by pollutants. The objective of the current review is not to exhaustively include all studies on sturgeon nutrient requirements and utilizations conducted under laboratory conditions, but to critique some studies and update previous reviews...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727376/cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-of-risk-measures
#3
Tina R Sadarangani, Deborah Chyun, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Gary Yu, Christine Kovner
BACKGROUND: In the United States, 16 million immigrants are 50 years and older, but little is known about their cardiometabolic health and how to best assess their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Aging immigrants may therefore not be benefitting from advances in CVD prevention. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we estimate and compare CVD risk in a nationally representative sample of aging immigrants using 3 different measures. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727228/osteosarcopenia
#4
James Paintin, Cyrus Cooper, Elaine Dennison
Osteosarcopenia is a newly described syndrome that describes the co-existence of osteoporosis and sarcopenia, two chronic musculoskeletal conditions associated with ageing. Osteoporosis, a condition of low bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration of bone, and sarcopenia, the loss of muscle mass, strength and function, often co-exist in a frail subset of the elderly population, leading to significantly worsened outcomes than seen in either condition alone. These include a greater risk of falls, fractures and institutionalization, and significant socioeconomic costs...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671831/the-potential-of-integrating-provitamin-a-biofortified-maize-in-smallholder-farming-systems-to-reduce-malnourishment-in-south-africa
#5
REVIEW
Mthokozisi K Zuma, Unathi Kolanisi, Albert T Modi
Biofortification interventions have the potential to combat malnutrition. This review explored the use of provitamin A-biofortified maize (PVABM) as a vitamin A deficiency (VAD) reduction agricultural-based strategy. Maize has been identified as one of the key staple crops for biofortification to reduce hidden hunger in Africa. Most nutrition interventions have not been successful in reducing hunger because rural communities, who mainly rely on agriculture, have been indirectly excluded. The biofortification intervention proposed here aims to be an inclusive strategy, based on smallholder farming systems...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665061/contracting-for-care-the-construction-of-the-farrier-role-in-supporting-horse-owners-to-prevent-laminitis
#6
J Lynden, J Ogden, T Hollands
BACKGROUND: Emerging research highlights how, due to demographic changes in horse owner populations in Western societies, complex owner-horse relationships are leading to inappropriate horse care, including overnutrition, which in turn can lead to laminitis. Farriers, due to their regular visits, may be in a position to support owners in dealing with this problem. OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether UK farriers have a role in working with horse owners to support horse welfare and prevent laminitis...
April 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644065/frailty-and-chronic-kidney-disease-current-evidence-and-continuing-uncertainties
#7
Andrew C Nixon, Theodoros M Bampouras, Neil Pendleton, Alexander Woywodt, Sandip Mitra, Ajay Dhaygude
Frailty, the state of increased vulnerability to physical stressors as a result of progressive and sustained degeneration in multiple physiological systems, is common in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In fact, the prevalence of frailty in the older adult population is reported to be 11%, whereas the prevalence of frailty has been reported to be greater than 60% in dialysis-dependent CKD patients. Frailty is independently linked with adverse clinical outcomes in all stages of CKD and has been repeatedly shown to be associated with an increased risk of mortality and hospitalization...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590349/uk-consumer-perceptions-of-a-novel-till-receipt-traffic-light-nutrition-system
#8
Matthew Cole, Hayden Peek, Daniel Cowen
Front-of-pack (FoP) traffic light nutrition labelling has been widely proposed as a tool to improve public health nutrition. Current evidence suggests that whilst consumers generally find them to be useful and an important source of information about a particular food or ingredient, this may have limited value in isolation when considering a person's overall nutritional intake. This study sought to examine UK consumers' use of existing FoP traffic light food labelling and ascertain public perception of a novel 'till-receipt' summary providing nutritional information about consumers entire shopping purchases...
March 26, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587401/inactivation-of-srebp-1a-phosphorylation-prevents-fatty-liver-disease-in-mice-identification-of-related-signaling-pathways-by-gene-expression-profiles-in-liver-and-proteomes-of-peroxisomes
#9
Birgit Knebel, Sonja Hartwig, Sylvia Jacob, Ulrike Kettel, Martina Schiller, Waltraud Passlack, Cornelia Koellmer, Stefan Lehr, Dirk Müller-Wieland, Jorg Kotzka
The key lipid metabolism transcription factor sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1a integrates gene regulatory effects of hormones, cytokines, nutrition and metabolites as lipids, glucose, or cholesterol via phosphorylation by different mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades. We have previously reported the impact of SREBP-1a phosphorylation on the phenotype in transgenic mouse models with liver-specific overexpression of the N-terminal transcriptional active domain of SREBP-1a (alb-SREBP-1a) or a MAPK phosphorylation site-deficient variant (alb-SREBP-1a∆P; (S63A, S117A, T426V)), respectively...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562625/looking-through-the-keyhole-exploring-realities-and-possibilities-for-school-breakfast-programs-in-rural-western-australia
#10
Simon O Ichumar, Emma E Dahlberg, Ellen B Paynter, Fiona M C Lucey, Miranda R Chester, Lennelle Papertalk, Sandra C Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the school breakfast program (SBP) in two schools with high Aboriginal student populations in rural Western Australia, their contribution to holistic support, nutritional health education and possibilities for improvement. METHODS: The operations and functioning of one regional and one remote SBP were assessed by stakeholder inquiry related to process and challenges, observations and documentary review. An intervention to increase health education, social interaction and learning about nutrition and food origins implemented in one school was assessed...
March 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561614/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolite-profiling-of-nutrients-and-antinutrients-in-eight-lens-and-lupinus-seeds-fabaceae
#11
Mohamed A Farag, Amira R Khattab, Anja Ehrlich, Matthias Kropf, Andreas G Heiss, Ludger A Wessjohann
Lens culinaris and several Lupinus species are two legumes regarded as potential protein resources aside from their richness in phytochemicals. Consequently, characterization of their metabolite composition seems warranted to be considered as a sustainable commercial functional food. This study presents a discriminatory holistic approach for metabolite profiling in accessions of four lentil cultivars and four Lupinus species via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. A total of 107 metabolites were identified, encompassing organic and amino acids, sugars, and sterols, along with antinutrients, viz...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561168/sugar-reduction-without-compromising-sensory-perception-an-impossible-dream
#12
Scott C Hutchings, Julia Y Q Low, Russell S J Keast
Sugar reduction is a major technical challenge for the food industry to address in response to public health concerns regarding the amount of added sugars in foods. This paper reviews sweet taste perception, sensory methods to evaluate sugar reduction and the merits of different techniques available to reduce sugar content. The use of sugar substitutes (non-nutritive sweeteners, sugar alcohols, and fibres) can achieve the greatest magnitude of sugar and energy reduction, however bitter side tastes and varying temporal sweet profiles are common issues...
March 21, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550151/towards-a-standardized-nutrition-and-dietetics-terminology-for-clinical-practice-an-austrian-multicenter-clinical-documentation-analysis-based-on-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-dietetics
#13
Gabriele Gäbler, Michaela Coenen, Deborah Lycett, Tanja Stamm
BACKGROUND: High quality, continuity and safe interdisciplinary healthcare is essential. Nutrition and dietetics plays an important part within the interdisciplinary team in many health conditions. In order to work more effectively as an interdisciplinary team, a common terminology is needed. This study investigates which categories of the ICF-Dietetics are used in clinical dietetic care records in Austria and which are most relevant to shared language in different medical areas. METHOD: A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted to collect clinical dietetic care documentation reports...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538291/reflections-on-health-promotion-and-disability-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-case-study-of-parent-support-programmes-for-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#14
Hannah Kuper, Tracey Smythe, Antony Duttine
Universal health coverage (UHC) has been adopted by many countries as a national target for 2030. People with disabilities need to be included within efforts towards UHC, as they are a large group making up 15% of the world's population and are more vulnerable to poor health. UHC focuses both on covering the whole population as well as providing all the services needed and must include an emphasis on health promotion, as well as disease treatment and cure. Health promotion often focusses on tackling individual behaviours, such as encouraging exercise or good nutrition...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532937/holistic-properties-of-foods-a-changing-paradigm-in-human-nutrition
#15
REVIEW
Paul J Moughan
Traditionally, the study of nutrition has been based on a reductionist approach, reducing a food to its constituent nutrients and then investigating the effects of these nutrients, either singly or together, on metabolism and metabolic outcomes. Nutrients are not consumed in isolation but, rather, are consumed in the form of foods. For this reason, the complex food matrix itself influences nutritional outcomes, which often cannot be fully explained on the basis of the effects of 'the sum of the nutrients' alone...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487286/multi-indicator-sustainability-assessment-of-global-food-systems
#16
Abhishek Chaudhary, David Gustafson, Alexander Mathys
Food systems are at the heart of at least 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The wide scope of the SDGs call for holistic approaches that integrate previously "siloed" food sustainability assessments. Here we present a first global-scale analysis quantifying the status of national food system performance of 156 countries, employing 25 sustainability indicators across 7 domains as follows: nutrition, environment, food affordability and availability, sociocultural well-being, resilience, food safety, and waste...
February 27, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486208/meat-in-the-post-truth-era-mass-media-discourses-on-health-and-disease-in-the-attention-economy
#17
Frédéric Leroy, Malaika Brengman, Wouter Ryckbosch, Peter Scholliers
The debate on meat's role in health and disease is a rowdy and dissonant one. This study uses the health section of the online version of The Daily Mail as a case study to carry out a quantitative and qualitative reflection on the related discourses in mass media during the first fifteen years of the 21st century. This period ranged from the fall-out of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis and its associated food safety anxieties, over the Atkins diet-craze in 2003 and the avian flu episode in 2007, to the highly influential publication of the report on colon cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2015...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469027/reduced-mortality-risk-by-a-polyphenol-rich-diet-an-analysis-from-the-moli-sani-study
#18
George Pounis, Simona Costanzo, Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Amalia de Curtis, Emilia Ruggiero, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: The effect of the polyphenol content of the human diet on mortality risk is not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of a polyphenol-rich diet with mortality rate and a possible mediation effect by inflammation, in what we believe to be a novel, holistic approach. METHODS: We analyzed 21 302 participants (10 980 women and 10 322 men, aged ≥35 y) from the Moli-sani cohort. The participants were followed up for a median of 8...
April 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468799/a-consensus-model-shifting-assessment-practices-in-dietetics-tertiary-education
#19
Rachel Bacon, Jane Kellett, Janeane Dart, Cathy Knight-Agarwal, Rebecca Mete, Susan Ash, Claire Palermo
AIM: The aim of this research was to evaluate a Consensus Model for competency-based assessment. METHODS: An evaluative case study was used to allow a holistic examination of a constructivist-interpretivist programmatic model of assessment. Using a modified Delphi process, the competence of all 29 students enrolled in their final year of a Master of Nutrition and Dietetics course was assessed by a panel (with expertise in competency-based assessment; industry and academic representation) from a course e-portfolio (that included the judgements of student performance made by worksite educators) and a panel interview...
February 21, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461387/organizational-wellness-program-implementation-and-evaluation-a-holistic-approach-to-improve-the-wellbeing-of-middle-managers
#20
Maria Del Consuelo Medina, Angelica Calderon, Dan I Blunk, Brandy W Mills, Marie Leiner
: Employee wellness programs can provide benefits to institutions as well as employees and their families. Despite the attempts of some organizations to implement programs that take a holistic approach to improve physical, mental, and social wellness, the most common programs are exclusively comprised of physical and nutritional components. In this study, we implemented a wellness program intervention, including training, directed at middle managers in several multinational organizations. We included control and experimental groups to measure wellness and teamwork with two repeated measures...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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