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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916691/equine-colic-putting-the-puzzle-together
#1
Debra C Archer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905808/patient-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-presenting-as-acute-cholecystitis-with-one-year-survival-on-hormonotherapy
#2
Mateusz Zamkowski, Michał Kąkol, Wojciech Makarewicz, Jerzy Ropel, Maciej Bobowicz
Breast cancer has high metastatic potential with distant metastases involving mainly lungs, liver and bones. Less frequently it gives distant spread to other organs. Herein we would like to present a very rare case of an acute cholecystitis which turned out to be a metastatic breast cancer in previously healthy woman. A female patient, 64-years old, presented to the emergency department with symptoms of biliary colic and acute abdomen. During the emergency cholecystectomy, we diagnosed the gallbladder empyema with thickened wall...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904913/inhibition-by-benidipine-of-contractility-of-isolated-proximal-and-distal-caprine-ureter
#3
Sumith K Mathew, Girish S Naik, Jacob Peedicayil
CONTEXT: Benidipine is a calcium channel blocker that blocks all the major types (L, N, and T) of calcium channels. It has been shown to inhibit the contractility of many isolated smooth muscles but not isolated ureter. AIMS: This study evaluated the ability of benidipine to inhibit the spontaneous contractility of isolated proximal and distal caprine (goat) ureter. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Spontaneous contractility of isolated goat ureter was recorded using a physiograph...
July 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900827/lifetime-radiation-exposure-in-patients-with-recurrent-nephrolithiasis
#4
REVIEW
Mohamed A Elkoushy, Sero Andonian
Patients presenting with nephrolithiasis often undergo repeated imaging studies before, during, and after management. Considering the significant risk of stone recurrence in primary stone-formers, repeated imaging studies are not uncommon. Cumulative effects of ionizing radiation exposure from various imaging studies could potentially increase the risk for developing cataracts and solid malignancies in urolithiasis patients. Therefore, practitioners planning or performing imaging studies with ionizing radiation are compelled to keep radiation exposure to humans and the environment as low as possible, thus strictly adhering to the ALARA (As Low as Reasonably Achievable) principles...
September 12, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898129/trans-atlantic-comparison-of-ct-radiation-doses-in-the-era-of-radiation-dose-tracking-software
#5
Anushri Parakh, Andre Euler, Zsolt Szucs-Farkas, Sebastian T Schindera
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare diagnostic reference levels from a local European CT dose registry, using radiation-tracking software from a large patient sample, with preexisting European and North American diagnostic reference levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data (n = 43,761 CT scans obtained over the course of 2 years) for the European local CT dose registry were obtained from eight CT scanners at six institutions. Means, medians, and interquartile ranges of volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose-length product (DLP), size-specific dose estimate, and effective dose values for CT examinations of the head, paranasal sinuses, thorax, pulmonary angiogram, abdomen-pelvis, renal-colic, thorax-abdomen-pelvis, and thoracoabdominal angiogram were obtained using radiation-tracking software...
September 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894841/symptomatic-distal-ureteral-stone-in-an-ileal-ureter-treatment-by-combined-supine-ureteroscopy-and-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#6
Florian Schott, Benedikt Becker, Andreas J Gross, Christopher Netsch
Urolithiasis is a well-known and common late complication in patients with urinary diversion. Patients without urinary diversion lead to symptoms such as hematuria and ureteral colic, whereas stones in patients with urinary diversion tend to be asymptomatic and are often diagnosed incidentally during staging examinations of oncologic diseases. We report the case of a 64-year-old male patient with a lower pole kidney stone and a stone in the ileal ureter substitution. He presented with diffuse abdominal and left-sided flank pain...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894218/lactate-utilizing-community-is-associated-with-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-colicky-infants
#7
Van T Pham, Christophe Lacroix, Christian P Braegger, Christophe Chassard
The aetiology of colic, a functional gastrointestinal disorder in infants, is not yet resolved. Different mechanisms have been suggested involving the gut microbiota and intermediate metabolites such as lactate. Lactate can be metabolized by lactate-utilizing bacteria (LUB) to form different end-products. Using a functional approach, we hypothesized that H2 production and accumulation by LUB is associated with the development of colic. The LUB communities in the feces of forty infants, including eight colicky infants, were characterized using a combination of culture- and molecular-based methods, and metabolite concentrations were measured by HPLC...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892752/graphene-quantum-dots-suppress-proinflammatory-t-cell-responses-via-autophagy-dependent-induction-of-tolerogenic-dendritic-cells
#8
Sergej Tomić, Kristina Janjetović, Dušan Mihajlović, Marina Milenković, Tamara Kravić-Stevović, Zoran Marković, Biljana Todorović-Marković, Zdenko Spitalsky, Matej Micusik, Dragana Vučević, Miodrag Čolić, Vladimir Trajković
Graphene quantum dots (GQD) are atom-thick nanodimensional carbon sheets with excellent physico-chemical and biological properties, making them attractive for application in theranostics. However, their immunoregulatory properties are insufficiently investigated, especially in human primary immune cells. We found that non-toxic doses of GQD inhibit the production of proinflammatory and T helper (Th)1 cytokines, and augment the production of anti-inflammatory and Th2 cytokines by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
August 29, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883875/is-infantile-colic-an-early-life-expression-of-childhood-migraine
#9
Manijeh Tabrizi, Hamidreza Badeli, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh, Ali Shokuhifard
OBJECTIVE: Migraine is the mosyndrome and infantile colic is a common cause of infantile cry. The pathogenesis of migraine and colic has not been well established and different factors may cause them. There is an association between infantile colic and the occurrence of childhood migraine. We aimed to assess whether infantile colic could be noted as an early life expression of childhood migraine or not. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on 5-15-year-old childrenin Rasht, Iran during 2015-2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879395/a-comparison-of-laparoscopic-and-open-d3-lymphadenectomy-for-transverse-colon-cancer
#10
Han Deok Kwak, Jae Kyun Ju, Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Young Jin Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim
PURPOSE: The type of surgery or surgical approach for transverse colon cancer treatment largely depends on the tumor location or surgeon's preference. However, extensive lymphadenectomy appears to improve the long-term outcomes of locally advanced colon cancers. This study was designed to compare the short- and long-term outcomes after surgery via the laparoscopic or open approach with radical D3 lymph node dissection in patients with stage II and III transverse colon cancer. METHODS: Patients were treated for stage II and III transverse colon cancer between May 2006 and December 2014...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876646/incidental-gallbladder-cancer-the-first-report-from-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Z A Khan, M B Brand
BACKGROUND: Incidental gallbladder cancer (iGBC) is found in 0.3-1.5% of cholecystectomy specimens. GBC is uncommon with significant variation amongst geographical regions and ethnic groups. Less than 100 GBC's have been reported in sub Saharan Africa, hence the need for this national audit in South Africa. METHOD: National data was obtained from the South African NHLS for 2003-2015. 34 294 cholecystectomy specimens were included of which 239 were GBCs; 135 were iGBC...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870243/human-fascioliasis-by-fasciola-hepatica-the-first-case-report-in-nepal
#12
Ranjit Sah, Shusila Khadka, Mohan Khadka, Dipesh Gurubacharya, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Keshab Parajuli, Niranjan Prasad Shah, Hari Prasad Kattel, Bharat Mani Pokharel, Basista Rijal
BACKGROUND: Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Fasciola species. Patient may be asymptomatic or presents with jaundice and biliary colic or right hypochondriac pain due to bile duct obstruction with gastrointestinal symptoms. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of human fascioliasis in a 45 years old female presented to Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH), Kathmandu, Nepal on August, 2015 with fever, right hypochondriac pain, jaundice and occasional vomiting with anorexia for 4 months whose alkaline phosphatase was elevated and peripheral blood smear revealed eosinophilia...
September 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868505/radiological-noninvasive-assessment-of-ureteral-stone-impaction-into-the-ureteric-wall-a-critical-evaluation-with-objective-radiological-parameters
#13
Ozlem Elibol, Kadihan Yalcin Safak, Ayse Buz, Bilal Eryildirim, Kutluhan Erdem, Kemal Sarica
PURPOSE: To determine the predictive value of certain radiological parameters for an objective asssessment of the presence of ureteral stone impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with a single proximal ureteral stones were retrieved from the departmental database. Both clinical and particularly radiological data of all cases were well evaluated on this aspect. In addition to the time period between the first colic attack and definitive management; diameter of proximal ureter and renal pelvis, longitudinal and transverse stone size, Hounsfied unit (HU) of the stone and lastly ureteral wall thickness at the impacted stone site were all carefully evaluated and noted...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868226/recurrent-gastric-ulcer-and-cholangitis-caused-by-ectopic-drainage-of-the-bile-duct-into-the-stomach
#14
Katrin Bauer, Christof Keller
We report a case of recurrent gastritis with pyloric stenosis and cholangitis due to a rare variation in bile duct anatomy. A 72-year-old female patient showed recurrent gastral ulcers and biliary colic with cholangitis caused by gallstones in the main bile duct with an ectopic orifice in the prepyloric region and concurrent inflammatory pyloric stenosis. After temporarily successful endoscopic treatment with stenting and pyloric dilatation, the patient suffered from recurrent cholangitis. Finally, the abnormal biliary anatomy required surgical treatment with biliodigestive anastomosis...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858562/evaluation-of-kidney-stones-with-reduced-radiation-dose-ct-progress-from-2011-2012-to-2015-2016-not-there-yet
#15
Karrin Weisenthal, Priyadarshini Karthik, Melissa Shaw, Debapriya Sengupta, Mythreyi Bhargavan-Chatfield, Judy Burleson, Adel Mustafa, Mannudeep Kalra, Christopher Moore
Purpose To determine if the use of reduced-dose computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of kidney stones increased in 2015-2016 compared with that in 2011-2012, to determine variability in radiation exposure according to facility for this indication, and to establish a current average radiation dose for CT evaluation for kidney stones by querying a national dose registry. Materials and Methods This cross-sectional study was exempt from institutional review board approval. Data were obtained from the American College of Radiology dose registry for CT examinations submitted from July 2015 to June 2016...
August 31, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856907/to-add-or-not-to-add-probiotics-to-infant-formulae-an-updated-systematic-review
#16
A Skórka, M Pieścik-Lech, M Kołodziej, H Szajewska
We updated evidence on the effects of the administration of probiotic-supplemented infant formulae (IF) compared with unsupplemented IF. Five databases were searched up to September 2016 for randomised controlled trials. Twenty publications were identified, including five new RCTs. Supplementation of IF with Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12, either alone or with Streptococcus thermophilus, had no effect on growth, respiratory illness, antibiotic use, stool frequency or consistency. However, there was a significant reduction in the number of episodes of gastrointestinal infections (Bb12) and a lower frequency of colic or irritability (when both strains were used)...
August 31, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844704/gallbladder-adenomyomatosis-diagnosis-and-management
#17
N Golse, M Lewin, A Rode, M Sebagh, J-Y Mabrut
Gallbladder (GB) adenomyomatosis (ADM) is a benign, acquired anomaly, characterized by hypertrophy of the mucosal epithelium that invaginates into the interstices of a thickened muscularis forming so-called Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses. There are three forms of ADM: segmental, fundal and more rarely, diffuse. Etiology and pathogenesis are not well understood but chronic inflammation of the GB is a necessary precursor. Prevalence of ADM in cholecystectomy specimens is estimated between 1% and 9% with a balanced sex ratio; the incidence increases after the age of 50...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842813/crying-infant
#18
REVIEW
Javed Ismail, Karthi Nallasamy
Excessive crying is a common complaint in young infants, especially in those less than 3 mo of age. Altered circadian rhythm, immaturity of central nervous system and alteration of intestinal microbiota are some of the proposed mechanisms for this problem. Although it is commonly benign, crying can be the only clinical manifestation of many serious underlying illnesses, thus warranting careful clinical examination for ruling out organic causes. Urgent care clinics are best suited for evaluation and treatment of benign etiologies and promptly referring children with red flags to an emergency department...
August 26, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821365/can-low-dose-of-ketamine-reduce-the-need-for-morphine-in-renal-colic-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Saeed Abbasi, Nader Bidi, Babak Mahshidfar, Peyman Hafezimoghadam, Mahdi Rezai, Mani Mofidi, Davood Farsi
BACKGROUND: The combination of morphine with low doses of ketamine (MK) has been utilized in the Emergency Department (ED) compared with morphine and placebo (MP) for the treatment of acute pain in few studies. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of MP with MK for the treatment of severe pain with renal colic of patients who had been referred to the ED. METHODS: This study is a double blind randomized clinical trial on patients with severe renal colic pain who were referred to the ED...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821265/poncet-s-disease-after-the-intravesical-instillation-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-a-case-report
#20
Paula Cíntia Machado Sampaio, Yan Garcia Lira, Hellen Yuki Umemura Ribeiro, Fernanda de Paula Moreira, Maitê Silva Martins Gadelha, Sérgio Ferreira Santos da Cruz
BACKGROUND: Poncet's disease is a rare syndrome characterized by articular impairment in a form of rare tuberculid. One of the theories of its cause involves an autoimmune response induced by the intravesical administration of the Calmette-Guerin Bacillus or the treatment of bladder carcinoma. Furthermore, there may be an appearance of oligoarticular or polyarticular arthritis, beginning 1-3 months after the start of therapy. Few physicians know the disease and the literature related to that syndrome is scarce and restricted to case reports, which contributes to its under diagnosis...
August 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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