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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748117/epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-management-of-uric-acid-urolithiasis-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
A Abou-Elela
An in-depth comprehension of the epidemiology as well as pathophysiology of uric acid urolithiasis is important for the identification, treatment, and prophylaxis of calculi in these patients. Persistently low urinary pH, hyperuricosuria, and low urinary volume are the most important factors in pathogenesis of uric acid urolithiasis. Other various causes of calculus formation comprises of chronic diarrhea, renal hyperuricosuria, insulin resistance, primary gout, extra purine in the diet, neoplastic syndromes, and congenital hyperuricemia...
September 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740421/renal-colic-and-childbirth-pain-female-experience-versus-male-perception
#2
Saiful Miah, Charlotte Gunner, Lucy Clayton, Suresh Venugopal, Nigel R Boucher, Bo Parys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737484/the-effect-of-fiber-and-prebiotics-on-children-s-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-microbiome
#3
Carrie A M Wegh, Margriet H C Schoterman, Elaine E Vaughan, Clara Belzer, Marc A Benninga
The bacteria received upon birth are the start of colonization of the approximately 10(14) bacteria that are present in the mature human gastrointestinal tract, better known as the microbiota. The gut microbiota is implicated in gastrointestinal health, nutrient metabolism and benefits such as prevention of infection. Dietary fiber, including prebiotics, escape digestion in the small intestine and reach the colon intact, where they are partially or completely fermented by the gut microbiota. Areas covered: The possible interactions between dietary fiber, prebiotics and microbiota are discussed as well as how this relates to functional gastrointestinal disorders...
July 24, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735648/knowledge-about-dietary-fibre-and-its-health-benefits-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-2536-residents-from-across-croatia
#4
Marija Ljubicic, Marijana Matek Saric, Ivana Rumbak, Irena Colic Baric, Drazenka Komes, Zvonimir Satalic, Raquel P F Guiné
This cross-sectional study is aimed at identifying the level of understanding of the health benefits of dietary fibre in the prevention of disease, as well as the association between that understanding and fibre consumption in the Croatian population. We believe that nutritional knowledge is important for the consumption of healthy food which includes also a positive reflection on food habits and health. Only well-informed consumers can shop effectively for food rich in dietary fibre and thereby derive the health benefits that fibre can offer...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733739/variation-and-treatment-of-vessels-in-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy
#5
Kai Ye, Jianan Lin, Yafeng Sun, Yiyang Wu, Jianhua Xu, Songbing He
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of complete mesocolic excision (CME) and the application of laparoscopic technique, surgery for colon cancer has become more standardized and the curative effect has improved [1]. The key points in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy are high ligation of main vessels and root dissection of lymph nodes. The wide range of variations in vascular architecture and intraoperative bleeding are common causes of prolonged surgical time, wound hemorrhage, and even transfer to the opening operation...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731660/-excessive-crying-in-infants-in-the-first-months-of-life-review
#6
REVIEW
Patricio Kenny
Cry-fuss problems are among the most common clinical presentations in the first few months of life. Cry-fuss behaviour emerges out of a complex interplay of cultural, psychosocial, environmental and biologic factors, with organic disturbance implicated in only 5% of cases. A holistic biopsychosocial approach can be most effective. This article reviews recent evidence to update clinical management, and will attempt to reconceptualize infant colic definition.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730134/innovative-dietary-intervention-answers-to-baby-colic
#7
Ioannis Xinias, A Analitis, Antigoni Mavroudi, Ioannis Roilides, Maria Lykogeorgou, Varvara Delivoria, Vasilis Milingos, Mayra Mylonopoulou, Yvan Vandenplas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of a lactose- reduced synbiotic partial whey hydrolysate in formula fed infants presenting with colic and the impact of this dietary intervention in mean crying time and quality of life. METHODS: Forty infants with infantile colic were treated during one month with parental reassurance and the intervention formula (partial whey hydrolysate, reduced lactose, Bifidobacterium lactis BB12 and galacto-oligosaccharides) and were compared to a control group of 20 infants with infantile colic treated with parental reassurance and a standard infant formula...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720719/introduction-of-a-new-imaging-guideline-for-suspected-renal-colic-in-the-ed-reduces-ct-urography-utilisation
#8
Gabriel Blecher, Rob Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Philip McCahy
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting to the ED with suspected renal colic are frequently imaged with CT urography (CTU), which rarely alters diagnosis or management. To reduce use of CTU in this population, we instigated a new imaging and management guideline in our ED. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental prospective study, whereby a new guideline was commenced at the intervention site (Monash Medical Centre) and the existing guideline continued at the control site (Dandenong Hospital)...
July 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720399/prenatal-and-postnatal-administration-of-prebiotics-and-probiotics
#9
REVIEW
Kristin Sohn, Mark A Underwood
Colonization of the neonatal gut by beneficial bacteria is important for the establishment and maintenance of the mucosal barrier, thus protecting the neonate from enteric pathogens and local and systemic inflammation. The neonatal microbiome is influenced by infant diet, environment, and the maternal microbiome. Dysbiosis in pregnancy increases the risk of pre-eclampsia, diabetes, infection, preterm labor, and later childhood atopy. Dysbiosis of the neonatal gut plays an important role in colic in the term infant, in the disease processes which plague preterm infants, including necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis, and in the long-term outcomes of neonates...
July 15, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717542/evaluation-of-postoperative-hydronephrosis-following-semirigid-ureteroscopy-incidence-and-predictors
#10
Mehmet İlker Gökçe, Barış Esen, Başak Gülpınar, Adil Hüseynov, Mete Özkidik, Evren Süer
OBJECTIVE: Hydronephrosis developing following ureteroscopy (URS) is an important issue associated with the long-term postoperative renal functions. Studies investigating the role of postoperative imaging revealed conflicting results. In this study, we aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of hydronephrosis following semirigid URS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated the results of 455 patients who underwent U RS a nd postoperative imaging with non-contrast computed tomography (CT)...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714490/current-diagnostic-approach-and-initial-treatment-patterns-for-renal-colic-in-emergency-department
#11
R Shrestha, Y Bista, A Khan
BACKGROUND: Renal colic is a common clinical presentation in emergency. The goal of this study was to describe the epidemiology, current diagnostic and treatment strategies of ureteric colic in our emergency department. METHODS: This is a retrospective study performed over a six months period of patients with clinically suspected renal colic. Data collected included age, sex, urine analysis, ultrasound studies regarding size, site of the stone and presence of hydronephrosis...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713621/surgical-and-radiological-importance-of-a-rare-cysto-duodeno-colic-peritoneal-fold
#12
Satheesha B Nayak, Bincy M George, Snigdha Mishra, Surekha D Shetty, Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, Abhinitha Padavinangadi
It is quite common to see abnormal peritoneal folds in the abdominal cavity. Some of them might compress or strangulate the viscera and others might determine the direction of the flow of peritoneal fluid, pus or blood. Many unusual clinically important peritoneal folds such as Ladd's band, cysto-gastro-colic fold, omento-cystic fold, and cysto-colic fold have been reported earlier. Knowledge of these folds is important for radiologists, gastroenterologists, and surgeons. We report an unusual cysto-duodeno-colic fold observed during our dissection classes...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705174/extensive-colorectal-lymphomatous-polyposis-complicated-by-acute-intestinal-obstruction-a-case-report
#13
Jaques Waisberg, Amanda do Val Anderi, Pedro Augusto Soffner Cardoso, José Henrique Miranda Borducchi, Demetrius Eduardo Germini, Maria Isete Fares Franco, Cidia Vasconcellos
BACKGROUND: Multiple lymphomatous polyposis is a rare type of gastrointestinal lymphoma that extensively infiltrates the intestine. Multiple lymphomatous polyposis originates from the mantle zone of the lymphoma follicle and is considered to be a mantle cell lymphoma, which is a relatively aggressive type of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We report an unusual case of a patient with multiple lymphomatous polyposis with extensive colorectal involvement and acute intestinal obstruction, an atypical complication of this rare disease...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704270/impact-of-ramadan-on-emergency-department-visits-and-on-medical-emergencies
#14
Reem G Al Assaad, Rana Bachir, Mazen J El Sayed
BACKGROUND: Fasting during Ramadan is important to Muslims. This study describes changes in emergency department (ED) visits and in frequencies of emergency conditions and impact on clinical outcomes during Ramadan in a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to ED during Ramadan 1 month before and 1 month after Ramadan over a 3-year period with specific conditions (acute coronary syndrome, stroke, seizure, diabetes, renal colic, headache or hypertension) were included...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704268/safe-discharge-and-outpatient-investigation-of-ureteric-colic-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Michael Stewart
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography of the kidneys, ureters and bladder is the recommended imaging modality for suspected urolithiasis. Early scanning is advised in guidelines, but there is limited published evidence to support this recommendation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, we reviewed patients managed according to a local guideline. Patients without high-risk features were either imaged during their initial visit (if in the daytime) or discharged for outpatient scans...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695820/research-advances-in-clinical-and-imaging-characteristics-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-bile-duct
#16
(no author information available yet)
Understanding on the intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN-P) has dramatically improved in the past three decades. A new disease named intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile duct (IPMN-B) reported in recent years shares several similar clinical features with IPMN-P. The clinical manifestations and imaging characteristics of IPMN-B have been gradually recognized. This review summarizes some of the typical cases reported since 2000 and find that clinical manifestations of IPMN-B include epigastric discomfort,biliary colic,jaundice,intermittent fever,sometimes without any symptoms; imaging triads for IPMN-B are mucobilia,dilated bile duct,and bile duct mural nodule...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681267/intravenous-paracetamol-vs-ibuprofen-in-renal-colic-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
E Cenker, M Serinken, E Uyanık
Pain management is one of the essentials of emergency care. Renal colic secondary to urinary stone disease forms one of the most intense pain types. The present study aimed to compare the effect of intravenous ibuprofen to paracetamol in ceasing renal colic. This randomised double-blind study was composed of two intervention arms, intravenous paracetamol and intravenous ibuprofen. Study subjects were randomised to receive a single dose of either paracetamol, 1 g in 100 ml normal saline, or ibuprofen (800 mg in 100 ml normal saline) in a blinded fashion...
July 5, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679186/predictive-factors-for-stone-disease-in-patients-with-renal-colic
#18
Hakan Türk, Sıtkı Ün
INTRODUCTION: Many patients present to urology and emergency departments for acute renal colic complaints. There are many different imaging studies that can be used in patients with a pre-diagnosis of acute renal colic. In this study, we would like to assess the efficacy of using clinical and laboratory results in patients with flank pain complaint as a predictive factor of urinary system stone disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients were assessed using spinal non-contrast complete abdominal computerized tomography and urine analysis...
June 30, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677418/metastatic-myxosarcoma-in-a-quarter-horse-gelding
#19
Jonathan P Samuelson, Kate O Echeverria, Jonathan H Foreman, Richard L Fredrickson, Deborah Sauberli, Herbert E Whiteley
A 22-y-old Quarter Horse gelding was presented to the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of increased heart rate and mild colic signs. Rectal examination revealed a large left perirenal mass. Abdominal ultrasonography further confirmed this finding. Thoracic ultrasonography indicated multifocal irregularities on the pleural surface suggestive of consolidation and possibly masses in the lungs. The animal was euthanized. Autopsy findings included a large, firm, expansile, gelatinous retroperitoneal mass that surrounded both kidneys, as well as nodules with similar morphology in the lungs, liver, intestinal mesentery, cecum, and caudal mesenteric artery...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669533/effects-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-normokinetic-biliary-dyskinesia
#20
Kerent D Pihl, Mark W Jones, Jeffery G Deppen, Troy M Ferguson, Suzanne M Hanses
This is the largest single center retrospective study to date looking at response to laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acalculous biliary disease. A chart review was completed on 1116 patients from 2009 to 2014 who had admitting diagnoses related to acalculous cholecystitis and biliary colic. Four hundred and seventy four patients were available for long term follow up (6 months or longer). Multiple factors were studied as related to cholescintigraphy scans with cholecystokinin administration (HIDA with CCK)...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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