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Autism and university

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748952/disentangling-tourette-syndrome-heterogeneity-through-hierarchical-ascendant-clustering
#1
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Hugues Pellerin, Virginie Czernecki, Tiphanie Priou, Jean Xavier, Angèle Consoli, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
AIM: To explore the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome as part of a neurodevelopmental spectrum. METHOD: Using hierarchical ascendant clustering based on tic symptoms, developmental milestones, and neurodevelopmental comorbidities, we analyzed the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome phenotypes in a sample of 174 children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome referred to a tertiary university clinic. RESULTS: The model yielded three distinct clusters characterized as follows...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744704/autism-and-the-university-experience-narratives-from-students-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#2
Yasamine Bolourian, Sasha M Zeedyk, Jan Blacher
Relatively limited research has been devoted to understanding the postsecondary experience from the students' perspectives. In the current study, individual interviews were conducted with university students with autism spectrum disorder (n = 13) and students with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (n = 18) to investigate likely factors impeding meaningful postsecondary experiences. Through an iterative coding process, nine themes were identified, and direct narratives exemplifying each are included...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738009/serotonin-and-serotonin-transporter-levels-in-autistic-children
#3
Haidar A Abdulamir, Omar F Abdul-Rasheed, Emad A Abdulghani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the possible correlation between serotonin and serotonin transporter (SERT) with the autism severity and investigate the association between these parameters in autistic children to assess their possible role for diagnosis of autism severity. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq while the samples were taken from 60 male autistic children recruited to the Department of Pediatrics at Al-Sader Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq between November 2014 amd April 2015...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732645/procedural-sedation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-survey-of-current-practice-patterns-of-the-society-for-pediatric-sedation-members
#4
Pradip P Kamat, Leah N Bryan, Courtney E McCracken, Harold K Simon, John W Berkenbosch, Jocelyn R Grunwell
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder are challenging to sedate because of communication, sensory, and behavioral challenges. AIMS: The aim of this survey was to determine how procedural sedation is provided to children with autism spectrum disorders and whether sedation programs have specialized protocols for procedural sedation of these children. METHODS: We surveyed physician Medical Directors of sedation programs who are members of the Society for Pediatric Sedation, asking about practice characteristics and resource utilization during procedural sedation of children with autism spectrum disorders...
May 6, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731598/broader-autism-phenotype-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-a-systematic-review-of-percentage-estimates
#5
Eric Rubenstein, Devika Chawla
The broader autism phenotype (BAP) is a collection of sub-diagnostic autistic traits more common in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) than in the general population. BAP is a latent construct that can be defined using different domains, measured using multiple instruments, and reported using different techniques. Therefore, estimates of BAP may vary greatly across studies. Our objective was to systematically review studies that reported occurrence of BAP in parents of children with ASD in order to quantify and describe heterogeneity in estimates...
June 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713442/hans-asperger-national-socialism-and-race-hygiene-in-nazi-era-vienna
#6
Herwig Czech
Background: Hans Asperger (1906-1980) first designated a group of children with distinct psychological characteristics as 'autistic psychopaths' in 1938, several years before Leo Kanner's famous 1943 paper on autism. In 1944, Asperger published a comprehensive study on the topic (submitted to Vienna University in 1942 as his postdoctoral thesis), which would only find international acknowledgement in the 1980s. From then on, the eponym 'Asperger's syndrome' increasingly gained currency in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the conceptualization of the condition...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682383/polysubstance-and-behavioral-addictions-in-a-patient-with-bipolar-disorder-role-of-lifetime-subthreshold-autism-spectrum
#7
Liliana Dell'Osso, Ciro Conversano, Martina Corsi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Ivan M Cremone, Barbara Carpita, Manuel G Carbone, Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi
This case report draws attention to the potential relevance of undetected autism spectrum symptoms in a bipolar patient with high work functioning showing a peculiar addictive profile with impulsive and antisocial behaviors. A 23-year-old man with a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder (BD) and Substance Use Disorder (SUD) was hospitalized at the Psychiatric Clinic of the University of Pisa for diuretics and β -2 adrenergic agonist abuse in a remission phase of benzodiazepines and substance abuse. He reported a history of behavioral addictions in the framework of a global high work functioning with particular skills in computer science...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682004/investigating-plasma-amino-acids-for-differentiating-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-typically-developing-peers
#8
Troy Vargason, Uwe Kruger, Deborah L McGuinness, James B Adams, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, Devon Coleman, Juergen Hahn
Background: Plasma amino acid measurements have been extensively investigated in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Results thus far have been inconclusive as studies generally disagree on which amino acids are different in individuals with ASD versus their typically developing (TD) peers, due in part to methodological limitations of several studies. Method: This paper investigates plasma amino acids in children and adults with ASD using data from Arizona State University's Comprehensive Nutritional and Dietary Intervention Study...
June 2018: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644584/cost-effectiveness-of-universal-or-high-risk-screening-compared-to-surveillance-monitoring-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Tracy Yuen, Melissa T Carter, Peter Szatmari, Wendy J Ungar
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends universal screening for autism spectrum disorder at 18 and 24 months. This study compared the cost-effectiveness of universal or high-risk screening to surveillance monitoring. Simulation models estimated the costs and outcomes from birth to age 6 years. The incremental cost per child diagnosed by 36 months was $41,651.6 for high-risk screening and $757,116.9 for universal screening from the societal perspective. Universal screening may not be a cost-effective approach to increase earlier treatment initiation, as most children initiated treatment after age 60 months...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#10
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580218/education-and-employment-status-of-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Fabian Frank, Martina Jablotschkin, Tobias Arthen, Andreas Riedel, Thomas Fangmeier, Lars P Hölzel, Ludger Tebartz van Elst
BACKGROUND: Adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience challenges in participating in the labour market and struggle to achieve and maintain appropriate professional positions, possibly due to impairments of communication and social interaction. Studies have shown high rates of unemployment as well as evidence of inadequate employment. As knowledge on the participation in the German labour market is scarce, the aim of our study was to examine employment status, type of occupation and inadequate employment in a sample of clinically mostly late-diagnosed and most likely not intellectually disabled adults with ASD in Germany...
March 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515991/vaccination-perceptions-of-college-students-with-and-without-vaccination-waiver
#12
Emmanuel D Jadhav, Danielle L Winkler, Billie S Anderson
Introduction: The resurgence of vaccine preventable diseases occurs more often among intentionally unvaccinated individuals, placing at direct risk young adults not caught up on vaccinations. The objectives of this study were to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of young adults with and without vaccination waivers and identify their perceived benefits, barriers, and influencers of vaccination. Methods: Young adults ( n  = 964) from a Midwestern rural university responded to a survey (fall 2015-spring 2016) designed to identify their perception toward vaccination...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502467/examining-the-rate-of-self-reported-adhd-related-traits-and-endorsement-of-depression-anxiety-stress-and-autistic-like-traits-in-australian-university-students
#13
Marie M A Nankoo, Romina Palermo, Jason Alan Bell, Carmela M Pestell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the rate of ADHD-related traits among young adults in an Australian university, and to examine whether higher endorsement of ADHD-related symptoms is associated with self-reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, distress, and autistic-like traits. METHOD: In total, 1,002 students aged 17 to 25 years completed the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS), the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS), and the Autism Quotient (AQ). RESULTS: About 17...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478156/comparing-mobile-technologies-for-teaching-vocational-skills-to-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-or-intellectual-disabilities-using-universally-designed-prompting-systems
#14
Toni Van Laarhoven, Adam Carreon, Wendy Bonneau, Ashli Lagerhausen
The purpose of this study was to compare mobile technologies with universally-designed prompting systems to improve the independent vocational performance of four adolescents with ASD and/or ID in school-based employment settings. Specific aims were to (1) compare the effectiveness of universally-designed prompting systems presented on iPads and HP Slates that involved participant-selection and participant-fading of available on-screen media prompts; (2) compare the usability of different mobile devices; and (3) determine if built-in decision prompts could improve problem-solving behavior during task completion...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475372/accommodations-and-support-services-preferred-by-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Amy L Accardo, S Jay Kuder, John Woodruff
This 2-year study investigated the accommodations and support services preferred by college students with autism spectrum disorder using sequential mixed methods non-experimental survey and semi-structured follow-up interviews. Students with autism spectrum disorder reported using both academic and non-academic supports with frequency (e.g. extended time on exams, transition program), using academic supports in line with other disability populations, and using non-academic supports connecting them one-to-one with a faculty member or coach as preferred (e...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#16
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456827/impairment-of-social-behaviors-in-arhgef10-knockout-mice
#17
Dai-Hua Lu, Hsiao-Mei Liao, Chia-Hsiang Chen, Huang-Ju Tu, Houng-Chi Liou, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Wen-Mei Fu
Background: Impaired social interaction is one of the essential features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Our previous copy number variation (CNV) study discovered a novel deleted region associated with ASD. One of the genes included in the deleted region is ARHGEF10 . A missense mutation of ARHGEF10 has been reported to be one of the contributing factors in several diseases of the central nervous system. However, the relationship between the loss of ARHGEF10 and the clinical symptoms of ASD is unclear...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436876/the-relationship-between-anxiety-external-structure-behavioral-history-and-becoming-locked-into-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Andrew Cashin, James Yorke
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are central to the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet there remains a paucity of research in this domain. What is clear is that people with ASD are vulnerable to getting locked into rigid patterns of thought and behavior that contribute to a lack of adaptation. This study utilized an online survey to explore the relationship between anxiety, external structure, the measurement of RRBs and behavioral history of being locked into RRBs. A significant relationship was identified between level of anxiety and a history of becoming locked into RRBs...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383380/concurrent-validity-and-reliability-for-the-communication-complexity-scale
#19
Nancy C Brady, Kandace Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine, Alison Holbrook, Kristen Muller, Connie Kasari
Purpose: The Communication Complexity Scale (CCS; Brady et al., 2012) was created to fill a void in measures of expressive communication skills in individuals who communicate primarily with presymbolic or early symbolic means. CCS scores reflect expressive communication observed during interactive communication contexts. Method: Two studies were completed to examine the reliability and validity of the revised CCS scores. Participants in both studies had minimal verbal skills (i...
February 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370550/the-transition-from-university-completion-to-employment-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Andrew Cashin
A scoping review of articles published from 2000 to 2017 was conducted with the aim to identify what had been discussed and researched related to the transition from completion of university to employment for students with ASD. The review also included identification of published data on the type of degrees studied by university students with ASD. A paucity of discussion and no specific research was identified related to the aims of the review.
January 25, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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