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Autism and university

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642808/increasing-social-integration-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Kristen Ashbaugh, Robert Koegel, Lynn Koegel
Increasing numbers of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are entering postsecondary education; however, many report feeling lonely and isolated. These difficulties with socialization have been found to impact students' academic success, involvement within the university, and overall well being. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess, within the context of a multiple-baseline across participants design, whether a structured social planning intervention would increase social integration for college students with ASD...
April 2017: Behav Dev Bull
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637055/a-pilot-study-on-professional-documentation-do-we-write-from-a-strengths-perspective
#2
Matthew J Braun, Winnie Dunn, Scott D Tomchek
Purpose: There is growing evidence supporting the use of strengths-based practices when serving families. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of strengths-based approaches in the context of written professional documentation. We specifically explored whether or not interdisciplinary clinicians in one university-based medical center clinic write from a strengths perspective (e.g., writing focuses on abilities rather than on deficits) when documenting child behavior in autism diagnostic clinics...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632303/audition-specific-temporal-processing-deficits-associated-with-language-function-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Kimberly B Schauder, Alexandra P Key, Mark T Wallace, Wendy L Stone
Sensory processing alterations are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Neurobiologically-based theories of ASD propose that abnormalities in the processing of temporal aspects of sensory input could underlie core symptoms of ASD. For example, rapid auditory temporal processing is critical for speech perception, and language difficulties are central to the social communication deficits defining the disorder. This study assessed visual and auditory temporal processing abilities and tested their relation to core ASD symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631035/brief-report-the-negev-hospital-university-based-hub-autism-database
#4
Gal Meiri, Ilan Dinstein, Analya Michaelowski, Hagit Flusser, Michal Ilan, Michal Faroy, Asif Bar-Sinai, Liora Manelis, Dana Stolowicz, Lili Lea Yosef, Nadav Davidovitch, Hava Golan, Shosh Arbelle, Idan Menashe
Elucidating the heterogeneous etiologies of autism will require investment in comprehensive longitudinal data acquisition from large community based cohorts. With this in mind, we have established a hospital-university-based (HUB) database of autism which incorporates prospective and retrospective data from a large and ethnically diverse population. The collected data includes social-demographic characteristics, standardized behavioral testing, detailed clinical history from electronic patient records, genetic samples, and various neurological measures...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616150/pitch-perception-in-tone-language-speaking-adults-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Stella T T Cheng, Gary Y H Lam, Carol K S To
Enhanced low-level pitch perception has been universally reported in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study examined whether tone language speakers with ASD exhibit this advantage. The pitch perception skill of 20 Cantonese-speaking adults with ASD was compared with that of 20 neurotypical individuals. Participants discriminated pairs of real syllable, pseudo-syllable (syllables that do not conform the phonotactic rules or are accidental gaps), and non-speech (syllables with attenuated high-frequency segmental content) stimuli contrasting pitch levels...
May 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612953/eye-movements-sensori-motor-adaptation-and-cerebellar-dependent-learning-in-autism-towards-potential-biomarkers-and-sub-phenotypes
#6
Edward G Freedman, John J Foxe
Because of the wide range of symptoms expressed in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their idiosyncratic severity it is unlikely that a single remedial approach will be universally effective. Resolution of this dilemma requires identifying subgroups within the autism spectrum, based on symptom set and severity, on an underlying neuro-structural difference, and on specific behavioral dysfunction. This will provide critical insight into the disorder and may lead to better diagnoses, and more targeted remediation in these subphenotypes of people with ASD...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604149/risk-of-second-seizure-in-pediatric-patients-with-idiopathic-autism
#7
Asad A Qadir, Emily Obringer, Joseph Hageman, Charles Marcuccilli
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a comorbidity of idiopathic autism spectrum disorder. The aim was to characterize the risk and time of second seizure in children with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed at the University of Chicago and NorthShore University HealthSystem. Patients with idiopathic autism spectrum disorder, ≥1 seizure, and age 2 to 23 years were included. RESULTS: 153 patients were included; 141 (92%) had a second seizure...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597186/problem-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-association-with-verbal-ability-and-adapting-coping-skills
#8
Diane L Williams, Matthew Siegel, Carla A Mazefsky
Data from the Autism Inpatient Collection was used to examine the relationship between problem behaviors and verbal ability, which have generally, though not universally, been highly associated. In a comparison of 169 minimally-verbal and 177 fluently-verbal 4 to 20-year-old psychiatric inpatients with ASD, the severity of self-injurious behavior, stereotyped behavior, and irritability (including aggression and tantrums) did not significantly differ, when controlling for age and NVIQ. Verbal ability was not strongly related to the severity of problem behaviors...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492151/secretagogin-scgn-plasma-levels-and-their-association-with-cognitive-and-social-behavior-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#9
Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Laila Al -Ayadhi, Dost Muhammad Halepoto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the secretagogin (SCGN) plasma levels in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to age and gender-matched healthy control, and its association with cognitive and social behaviors by using childhood autism rating scale (CARS) and social responsiveness scale (SRS). STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Autism Research and Treatment Center, Al-Amodi Autism Research Chair, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2015 to May 2016...
April 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482386/-reducing-maternal-parenting-stress-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-father-s-involvement
#10
C C Hu, Y Li, B R Zhou, C X Liu, C Y Li, Y Zhang, Q Xu, X Xu
Objective: To explore the relationship between fathers' nursing time and maternal parenting stress of children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD). Method: Mothers of 98 ASD children who were first diagnosed in the department of Child Health Care, Children's Hospital of Fudan University during June 2015 to January 2016 were included in the ASD group, with mothers of 92 typical children from a Community Maternal and Child Health Hospital and a kindergarten in the control group. The evaluation of parenting stress, parents' nursing time and other related factors were cross-sectionally analyzed...
May 4, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468548/book-review-jennifer-s-singh-multiple-autisms-spectrums-of-advocacy-and-genomic-science-singh-jennifer-s-multiple-autisms-spectrums-of-advocacy-and-genomic-science-university-of-minnesota-press-minneapolis-2016-xv-285-pp-9780816698301-us-94-hbk
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458645/-for-a-long-time-our-voices-have-been-hushed-using-student-perspectives-to-develop-supports-for-neurodiverse-college-students
#12
Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Dennis Bublitz, Annemarie Donachie, Vincent Wong, Patricia J Brooks, Joanne D'Onofrio
Although the challenges that autistic students face adapting to college are often pronounced, they are similar to the challenges that students with other disabilities face (e.g., difficulties with social interaction, self-advocacy, and executive functioning). However, extant evaluations of services for autistic college students are very limited despite an emerging literature examining supports for college students with a range of other disabilities. Given that many autistic students do not self-identify as autistic in college, and consequently might avoid autism-specific services, autistic students might benefit from services that are designed to support a broad range of neurodiverse students, or services that are structured according to the principles of Universal Design...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439605/effectiveness-of-a-preparatory-aid-in-facilitating-oral-assessment-in-a-group-of-saudi-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-central-saudi-arabia
#13
Ebtissam Z Murshid
To evaluate the effectiveness of a specially-designed dental book (preparatory aid) on the behavior of a group of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Saudi children during their first dental visit to the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional double-blinded pre-and post clinical study consisting of 2 parts; a survey targeting the parents, and a clinical oral examination of their ASD children was conducted between January and June of 2016.  Results: A total of 40 children (75% males and 25% females) with an average age of 6...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433195/predicting-successful-dental-examinations-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-context-of-a-dental-desensitization-program
#14
Travis Nelson, Amelia Chim, Barbara L Sheller, Christy M McKinney, JoAnna M Scott
BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated the effectiveness of a dental desensitization program for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determined characteristics associated with a successful dental examination. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective review of clinical behavioral data and previsit questionnaires for 168 children with ASD who attended a university-based dental desensitization program. Data elements included demographic, treatment, and behavioral characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417950/differential-gender-effects-in-the-relationship-between-perceived-immune-functioning-and-autistic-traits
#15
Marlou Mackus, Deborah de Kruijff, Leila S Otten, Aletta D Kraneveld, Johan Garssen, Joris C Verster
Altered immune functioning has been demonstrated in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study explores the relationship between perceived immune functioning and experiencing ASD traits in healthy young adults. N = 410 students from Utrecht University completed a survey on immune functioning and autistic traits. In addition to a 1-item perceived immune functioning rating, the Immune Function Questionnaire (IFQ) was completed to assess perceived immune functioning. The Dutch translation of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was completed to examine variation in autistic traits, including the domains "social insights and behavior", "difficulties with change", "communication", "phantasy and imagination", and "detail orientation"...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406773/cluster-of-differentiation-5-cd5-levels-in-the-plasma-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#16
Dost Muhammad Halepoto, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Laila Al- Ayadhi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cluster of differentiation 5 (CD5) plasma levels and their association with childhood autism rating scale (CARS) in subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to age and gender matched healthy controls, and to explore the link between CD5, severity, and autoimmunity in autism. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Autism Research and Treatment Center, Al-Amodi Autism Research Chair, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2014 to May 2015...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392081/increased-extra-axial-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-high-risk-infants-who-later-develop-autism
#17
Mark D Shen, Sun Hyung Kim, Robert C McKinstry, Hongbin Gu, Heather C Hazlett, Christine W Nordahl, Robert W Emerson, Dennis Shaw, Jed T Elison, Meghan R Swanson, Vladimir S Fonov, Guido Gerig, Stephen R Dager, Kelly N Botteron, Sarah Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Alan C Evans, Annette M Estes, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Martin A Styner, David G Amaral, Joseph Piven, J Piven, H C Hazlett, C Chappell, S Dager, A Estes, D Shaw, K Botteron, R McKinstry, J Constantino, J Pruett, R Schultz, L Zwaigenbaum, J Elison, A C Evans, D L Collins, G B Pike, V Fonov, P Kostopoulos, S Das, G Gerig, M Styner, H Gu
BACKGROUND: We previously reported that infants who developed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the subarachnoid space (i.e., extra-axial CSF) from 6 to 24 months of age. We attempted to confirm and extend this finding in a larger independent sample. METHODS: A longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study of infants at risk for ASD was carried out on 343 infants, who underwent neuroimaging at 6, 12, and 24 months. Of these infants, 221 were at high risk for ASD because of an older sibling with ASD, and 122 were at low risk with no family history of ASD...
March 6, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332277/sequencing-of-sporadic-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-identifies-novel-and-potentially-pathogenic-de-novo-variants-and-excludes-overlap-with-genes-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Daniel Seung Kim, Amber A Burt, Jane E Ranchalis, Beth Wilmot, Joshua D Smith, Karynne E Patterson, Bradley P Coe, Yatong K Li, Michael J Bamshad, Molly Nikolas, Evan E Eichler, James M Swanson, Joel T Nigg, Deborah A Nickerson, Gail P Jarvik
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has high heritability; however, studies of common variation account for <5% of ADHD variance. Using data from affected participants without a family history of ADHD, we sought to identify de novo variants that could account for sporadic ADHD. Considering a total of 128 families, two analyses were conducted in parallel: first, in 11 unaffected parent/affected proband trios (or quads with the addition of an unaffected sibling) we completed exome sequencing. Six de novo missense variants at highly conserved bases were identified and validated from four of the 11 families: the brain-expressed genes TBC1D9, DAGLA, QARS, CSMD2, TRPM2, and WDR83...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326054/dynamical-constants-and-time-universals-a-first-step-toward-a-metrical-definition-of-ordered-and-abnormal-cognition
#19
REVIEW
Mark A Elliott, Naomi du Bois
From the point of view of the cognitive dynamicist the organization of brain circuitry into assemblies defined by their synchrony at particular (and precise) oscillation frequencies is important for the correct correlation of all independent cortical responses to the different aspects of a given complex thought or object. From the point of view of anyone operating complex mechanical systems, i.e., those comprising independent components that are required to interact precisely in time, it follows that the precise timing of such a system is essential - not only essential but measurable, and scalable...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292384/association-of-learning-and-memory-calcineurin-binding-protein-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Laila Y. Al- ayadhi, Adel Q. Alkhedaide
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of learning and memory calcineurin binding (CABIN1) protein with autism spectrum disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Autism Research and Treatment Center, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2013 to May 2014. METHODOLOGY: Serum levels of CABIN1 protein in 62 (64%) autistic male children were analysed and 35 (36%) age healthy children measured by using ELISA...
February 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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