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Autism and higher education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424959/influence-of-family-demographic-factors-on-social-communication-questionnaire-scores
#1
Steven A Rosenberg, Eric J Moody, Li-Ching Lee, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Gayle C Windham, Lisa D Wiggins, Laura A Schieve, Caroline M Ledbetter, Susan E Levy, Lisa Blaskey, Lisa Young, Pilar Bernal, Cordelia R Rosenberg, M Daniele Fallin
This study examined the effect of demographic factors on Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) scores in children aged 30-68 months. Diagnoses of ASD were made after a gold standard evaluation that included the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), and the Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised (ADI-R). The relationship of demographic variables to SCQ scores was compared in two source populations: (a) children recruited from clinical and educational sources serving children who have ASD or other developmental disorders (CE) and (b) children recruited from birth certificates to represent the general population (BC)...
February 9, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411255/advanced-maternal-age-and-maternal-education-disparity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
For-Wey Lung, Tung-Liang Chiang, Shio-Jean Lin, Meng-Chih Lee, Bih-Ching Shu
Objective Previous studies have shown inconsistent results with regard to the association between advanced parental age and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The sociodemographic status of parents has been found to be associated with children with ASD, however. Therefore, a pathway analysis was undertaken of the roles of maternal age and education in ASD diagnosis and community screening, in a national birth cohort database, using a propensity score matching (PSM) method. Method The 6- and 66-month Taiwan Birth Cohort Study dataset was used (N = 20,095)...
February 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388148/child-maternal-and-demographic-factors-influencing-caregiver-reported-autistic-trait-symptomatology-in-toddlers
#3
D A Goh, D Gan, J Kung, S Baron-Cohen, C Allison, H Chen, S M Saw, Y S Chong, V S Rajadurai, K H Tan, P C L Shek, F Yap, B F P Broekman, I Magiati
Current research on children's autistic traits in the general population relies predominantly on caregiver-report, yet the extent to which individual, caregiver or demographic characteristics are associated with informants' ratings has not been sufficiently explored. In this study, caregivers of 396 Singaporean two-year-olds from a birth cohort study completed the Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. Children's gender, cognitive functioning and birth order, maternal age, and ethnic group membership were not significant predictors of caregiver-reported autistic traits...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298245/emergency-medical-responders-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Viola Cheung, Madeline L McCarthy, Mark X Cicero, John M Leventhal, Carol Weitzman
OBJECTIVES: Because of the high prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and wandering behavior, emergency medical responders (EMRs) will likely encounter children and adolescents with ASD. The objectives were to describe interactions between EMRs and children and adolescents with ASD, to evaluate EMRs' ability to recognize ASD in a simulated trauma setting, and to determine if EMRs' demographic characteristics affected their interactions with ASD youth. METHODS: A study of 75 videos of a simulated school bus crash was performed...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262470/-sleep-problems-and-the-association-with-the-levels-of-6-sulfatoxymelatonin-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
P P Han, M Y Zou, X L Yang, X C Liu, S Liang, C H Sun, W Xia, L J Wu
Objective: To identify the prevalence of sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to explore the association with the main melatonin metabolite, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (6-SM). Method: This was a prospective case-control study. Children with ASD were recruited from Child Development and Behavioral Research Center (CDBRC) of the Harbin Medical University and Harbin Special Education School from October 2015 to April 2017 (ASD group) . Healthy controls were selected from five kindergartens and one primary school in Harbin by the stratified cluster random sampling (control group) ...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249012/what-works-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
S Jay Kuder, Amy Accardo
This article reports the results of a systematic review of the emerging research on programs and services designed to meet the needs of students with ASD. For the purposes of this review, only articles that included data on program outcomes were included. A total of eight studies that met this criterion were identified. These studies included three that examined the effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions, three that reported the results of methods to enhance social communication skills, one study of a transition to college program, and one evaluation of a variety of widely used accommodations...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243099/autism-and-accommodations-in-higher-education-insights-from-the-autism-community
#7
Jennifer C Sarrett
This article builds on the growing body of research on higher education for autistic students by soliciting input from autistic adults on their higher education experiences and suggestions on making these experiences more 'autism-friendly'. Sixty-six individuals participated in a national exploratory survey and thirty-one participated in follow-up, online focus groups. The article reviews the accommodations individuals received and the accommodations they would have liked to receive. Concrete strategies are provided for institutes of higher education to address the social and sensory needs of autistic students, areas many participants reported being neglected in their academic experience, such as mentors and a neurodiverse space...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242177/implementing-a-mental-health-care-program-and-home-based-training-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-an-urban-population-in-bangladesh-protocol-for-a-feasibility-assessment-study
#8
Aliya Naheed, Kamrun Nahar Koly, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Shaheen Akhter, M M Jalal Uddin, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Subhash Chandir, Muzharul Mannan, Saima Hossain, Charles Nelson, Kerim Munir
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported a higher level of depression than mothers of children with other neurodevelopmental disorders in both developed and developing countries. Mothers are the lifetime caregivers of children with ASD, and a high burden of depression can negatively impact their ability to provide care. However, access to mental health services in primary care is limited, given the scarcity of qualified providers in Bangladesh...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159906/sexual-orientation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
R George, M A Stokes
Clinical impressions suggest a different sexual profile between individuals with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Little is presently known about the demographics of sexual orientation in ASD. Sexual Orientation was surveyed using the Sell Scale of Sexual Orientation in an international online sample of individuals with ASD (N = 309, M = 90, F= 219), aged (M = 32.30 years, SD = 11.93) and this was compared to sexual orientation of typically-developing individuals (N = 310, M = 84, F= 226), aged (M = 29...
November 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076744/oral-assessment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-rawalpindi-pakistan
#10
Fatima Suhaib, Asfia Saeed, Hashmat Gul, Muhammad Kaleem
Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum disorder. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents regarding oral hygiene measures, dietary habits and past dental experiences. Clinical examination for the presence of dental caries, periodontal disease or parafunctional habits was carried out and findings were associated with the mother's education...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#11
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963874/predictors-of-longitudinal-aba-treatment-outcomes-for-children-with-autism-a-growth-curve-analysis
#12
Michael Tiura, Jinho Kim, Deanne Detmers, Hilary Baldi
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that causes lifelong disability. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is one of the most empirically studied and validated approaches for treating children diagnosed with ASD. Due to the heterogeneity of ASD, it is important to ascertain who will most benefit from treatment. METHODS: In this study, 35 participants, with a mean entry age of 3 years, received ABA therapy. Children were assessed at intake and every 6 months thereafter using the Developmental Profile-3 (DP-3) to measure their communication, social-emotional, adaptive behavior, and physical development (2-6 measures per participant)...
September 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949003/longitudinal-follow-up-of-academic-achievement-in-children-with-autism-from-age-2-to-18
#13
So Hyun Kim, Vanessa H Bal, Catherine Lord
OBJECTIVE: This study examined early predictors of and changes in school-age academic achievement and class placement in children referred for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at age 2. METHOD: Of 111 ASD referrals, 74 were diagnosed with ASD at age 18. Regression analyses were performed to identify age 3 predictors of achievement in arithmetic, passage comprehension, word reading, and spelling at ages 9 and 18. Linear Mixed Models were used to examine predictors of academic growth between ages 9 and 18...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926775/geographic-and-demographic-correlates-of-autism-related-anti-vaccine-beliefs-on-twitter-2009-15
#14
Theodore S Tomeny, Christopher J Vargo, Sherine El-Toukhy
This study examines temporal trends, geographic distribution, and demographic correlates of anti-vaccine beliefs on Twitter, 2009-2015. A total of 549,972 tweets were downloaded and coded for the presence of anti-vaccine beliefs through a machine learning algorithm. Tweets with self-disclosed geographic information were resolved and United States Census data were collected for corresponding areas at the micropolitan/metropolitan level. Trends in number of anti-vaccine tweets were examined at the national and state levels over time...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919764/levetiracetam-is-associated-with-decrease-in-subclinical-epileptiform-discharges-and-improved-cognitive-functions-in-pediatric-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Minjian Wang, Li Jiang, Xiaoju Tang
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical epileptiform discharges (SEDs) are common in pediatric patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the effect of antiepileptic drugs on SEDs in ASD remains inconclusive. This physician-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial investigated an association between the anticonvulsant drug levetiracetam and SEDs in children with ASD. METHODS: A total of 70 children with ASD (4-6 years) and SEDs identified by electroencephalogram were randomly divided into two equal groups to receive either levetiracetam and educational training (treatment group) or educational training only (control)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877047/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-focus-on-sexuality
#16
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken, Daniel Schöttle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The combination of the core symptoms, characterizing individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), can lead to problems in romantic relationships and sexual functioning. The purpose of this article is to review studies on sexuality in individuals with ASD published since January 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Individuals with ASD and especially women show a higher diversity in sexual orientation in comparison with the non-ASD population. Furthermore, ASD women are more frequently in a relationship and usually report more previous sexual experiences...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856480/screening-for-autism-with-the-srs-and-scq-variations-across-demographic-developmental-and-behavioral-factors-in-preschool-children
#17
Eric J Moody, Nuri Reyes, Caroline Ledbetter, Lisa Wiggins, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Amira Alexander, Shardel Jackson, Li-Ching Lee, Susan E Levy, Steven A Rosenberg
The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Social Responsiveness Scales (SRS) are commonly used screeners for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data from the Study to Explore Early Development were used to examine variations in the performance of these instruments by child characteristics and family demographics. For both instruments, specificity decreased as maternal education and family income decreased. Specificity was decreased with lower developmental functioning and higher behavior problems. This suggests that the false positive rates of the SRS and the SCQ are associated with child characteristics and family demographic factors...
November 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781890/self-reported-pregnancy-exposures-and-placental-dna-methylation-in-the-marbles-prospective-autism-sibling-study
#18
Rebecca J Schmidt, Diane I Schroeder, Florence K Crary-Dooley, Jacqueline M Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Cheryl K Walker, Sally Ozonoff, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Janine M LaSalle
Human placenta is a fetal-derived tissue that offers a unique sample of epigenetic and environmental exposures present in utero. In the MARBLES prospective pregnancy study of high-risk younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), pregnancy and environmental factors collected by maternal interviews were examined as predictors of placental DNA methylation, including partially methylated domains (PMDs), an embryonic feature of the placental methylome. DNA methylation data from MethylC-seq analysis of 47 placentas of children clinically diagnosed at 3 years with ASD or typical development using standardized assessments were examined in relation to: child's gestational age, birth-weight, and diagnosis; maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking, education, parity, height, prenatal vitamin and folate intake; home ownership; pesticides professionally applied to lawns or gardens or inside homes, pet flea/tick pouches, collars, or soaps/shampoos used in the 3 months prior to or during pregnancy...
December 2016: Environmental Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753498/the-impact-of-epilepsy-on-academic-achievement-in-children-with-normal-intelligence-and-without-major-comorbidities-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
S W Wo, L C Ong, W Y Low, P S M Lai
PURPOSE: To systematically examine published literature which assessed the prevalence of academic difficulties in children with epilepsy (CWE) of normal intelligence, and its associating factors. METHODS: A search was conducted on five databases for articles published in English from 1980 till March 2015. Included were studies who recruited children (aged 5-18 years), with a diagnosis or newly/recurrent epilepsy, an intelligent quotient (IQ) of ≥70 or attending regular school, with or without a control group, which measured academic achievement using a standardised objective measure, and published in English...
July 20, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750544/emotion-awareness-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Cara Roberts-Collins, Gerwyn Mahoney-Davies, Ailsa Russell, Anne Booth, Maria Loades
Young people with autism spectrum disorder experience high levels of emotional problems, including anxiety and depression. Adapted cognitive behavioural therapy is recommended for such difficulties. However, no evidence suggests whether emotion awareness is important in treatment outcome for young people on the autism spectrum. This study aimed to investigate the potential differences in emotion awareness between (1) young people on the autism spectrum and typically developing youth and (2) young people on the autism spectrum with and without experience of cognitive behavioural therapy...
July 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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