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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314459/autism-spectrum-disorders-challenges-and-opportunities-for-transition-to-adulthood
#1
REVIEW
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Fred R Volkmar
Improved outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have opened a range of potential pathways during the transition to adulthood. These include attending college, entering the labor force, and achieving a degree of independent living. Less cognitively able individuals may be eligible for state benefits and may enter supported employment programs. Those attending college require careful support and planning. Practitioners need to be familiar with the unique needs of young adults with ASD. Further research should attempt to define the priorities of individuals and families with ASD making this transition and clarify the value of existing supports and interventions...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255760/autism-goes-to-college-understanding-the-needs-of-a-student-population-on-the-rise
#2
Rebecca Elias, Susan W White
Understanding the needs of adolescents and emerging adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with respect to transition to postsecondary education is critical to development of user-informed transition programming. Parents of adolescents and emerging adults with ASD (n = 52) and ADHD (n = 47) completed an online survey. Social interaction training and independent living training were services frequently requested by parents in the ASD group. Additionally, parents of postsecondary students with ASD endorsed distinct challenges with self-advocacy, managing emotions, and managing personal/adaptive skills relative to postsecondary students with ADHD...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187187/widespread-signatures-of-positive-selection-in-common-risk-alleles-associated-to-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Renato Polimanti, Joel Gelernter
The human brain is the outcome of innumerable evolutionary processes; the systems genetics of psychiatric disorders could bear their signatures. On this basis, we analyzed five psychiatric disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and schizophrenia (SCZ), using GWAS summary statistics from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. Machine learning-derived scores were used to investigate two natural-selection scenarios: complete selection (loci where a selected allele reached fixation) and incomplete selection (loci where a selected allele has not yet reached fixation)...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111607/psychosocial-and-computer-assisted-intervention-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-preliminary-support-for-feasibility
#4
Susan W White, John A Richey, Denis Gracanin, Marika Coffman, Rebecca Elias, Stephen LaConte, Thomas H Ollendick
The number of young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) enrolled in higher education institutions has steadily increased over the last decade. Despite this, there has been little research on how to most effectively support this growing population. The current study presents data from a pilot trial of two novel intervention programs developed for college students with ASD. In this small randomized controlled trial, college students with ASD (n = 8) were assigned to one of two new programs - either an intervention based on a virtual reality-Brain-Computer Interface for ASD (BCI-ASD) or a psychosocial intervention, the College and Living Success (CLS) program...
September 2016: Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024179/co-occurrence-of-autistic-and-schizotypal-traits-and-its-association-with-emotional-and-psychosocial-function-in-chinese-college-students
#5
Li-Juan Shi, Wen-Hua Liu, Hai-Song Shi, Chao Yan, Ya Wang, Yi Wang, Eric F C Cheung, Raymond C K Chan
Empirical findings suggest an overlap between autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). Co-occurring autistic and positive schizotypal traits may have a moderating effect on behaviour and cognition. This study attempted to examine the co-occurrence rate of autistic and schizotypal traits in otherwise healthy college students and to test the moderating effect of co-occurring autistic and schizotypal traits on executive function, emotion processing and social function. Eight hundred and sixty-four participants took part in the present study...
December 20, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929658/executive-function-index-efi-performance-in-nonclinical-individuals-with-high-levels-of-autistic-traits
#6
F R Ferraro, R Hansen, L Deling
This study examined the ability of the Executive Function Index (EFI) to detect differences in executive functioning amongst participants with varying levels of subclinical autistic symptoms as quantified by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (ASQ). Participants were a nonclinical college subject sample classified as displaying either Low (0-15 ASQ score, n = 182) ASQ traits or High (16 or higher ASQ score, n = 91) ASQ traits. Participants were given the ASQ (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) and the EFI (Spinella, 2005 )...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#7
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703778/asperger-syndrome-in-childhood-personality-dimensions-in-adult-life-temperament-character-and-outcome-trajectories
#8
Adam Helles, Märta Wallinius, I Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character have been shown to be important factors in understanding psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorder. Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have repeatedly been shown to have a distinct temperament and character, but this has not been evaluated in relation to psychiatric comorbidity and ASD diagnostic stability. AIMS: To examine temperament and character in males that were diagnosed with ASD in childhood and followed prospectively over almost two decades...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703770/maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-population-based-study
#9
Cecilia Magnusson, Michael Lundberg, Brian K Lee, Dheeraj Rai, Håkan Karlsson, Renee Gardner, Kyriaki Kosidou, Stefan Arver, Christina Dalman
BACKGROUND: Maternal vitamin D deficiency may increase risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but direct evidence is lacking. AIMS: To clarify the relationship between maternal vitamin D deficiency and offspring risk of ASD with and without intellectual disability. METHOD: Using a register-based total population study (N=509 639), we calculated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of ASD with and without intellectual disability in relation to lifetime diagnoses of maternal vitamin D deficiency...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652054/bibliometric-profile-of-the-global-scientific-research-on-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group conditions classified as neuro-developmental disorders. Research activity on ASD is important for all countries since such disorders have both social and health consequences. The objective of this study was to analyze research output on ASD during the period 2005-2014. METHODS: All articles relevant to ASD plus all articles published in autism journals were retrieved using Scopus database. VOSviewer software was used to create density and network visualization maps...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627912/autism-spectrum-disorder-reporting-in-lower-socioeconomic-neighborhoods
#11
Aisha S Dickerson, Mohammad H Rahbar, Deborah A Pearson, Russell S Kirby, Amanda V Bakian, Deborah A Bilder, Rebecca A Harrington, Sydney Pettygrove, Walter M Zahorodny, Lemuel A Moyé, Maureen Durkin, Martha Slay Wingate
Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal hierarchical models for 2489 tracts. Multivariable analyses showed a significant increase in ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder cases through both school and health sources, the optimal ascertainment scenario, for cases with college-educated mothers (adjusted odds ratio = 1...
September 14, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573857/promoting-social-interactions-and-job-independence-for-college-students-with-autism-or-intellectual-disability-a-pilot-study
#12
Carly B Gilson, Erik W Carter
The employment outcomes for young adults with autism or intellectual disability (ID) lag far behind those of their peers without disabilities. Most postsecondary education programs for students with disabilities incorporate internship experiences to foster employment skills. However, the proximity of job coaches may inadvertently hinder social opportunities and independence. We used a multiple-probe, single-case experimental design across three college students with autism or ID to examine the effects of a coaching package on task engagement and social interactions...
November 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534317/developing-a-user-centred-planning-tool-for-young-adults-with-development-disorders-a-research-based-teaching-project
#13
Kirsten Ribu, Tulpesh Patel
People with development disorders, for instance autism, need structured plans to help create predictability in their daily lives. Digital plans can facilitate enhanced independency, learning, and quality of life, but existing apps are largely general purpose and lack the flexibility required by this specific but heterogeneous user group. Universal design is both a goal and a process and should be based on a holistic approach and user-centered design, interacting with the users in all stages of the development process...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350055/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-its-relation-to-lifestyle-in-female-college-students
#14
Keizo Takahashi, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Risa Kurato, Nobuko Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its relation to lifestyle in female college students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 375 female college students (19.2 ± 1.3 years) among 439 students were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we measured the prevalence of ADHD using the ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347704/college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-growing-role-for-adult-psychiatrists
#15
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Chad Beyer, Andrés Martin, Fred R Volkmar
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly attending college. This case report highlights the nature of the psychiatric difficulties these individuals may face and the potential role for college mental health practitioners. PARTICIPANTS: A case of a female student with ASD presenting with significant inattentive symptoms. METHODS: The authors describe the unique features of this patient's clinical presentation, discuss relevant diagnostic considerations, and make recommendations about how to best approach treatment...
2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262124/students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-college-results-from-a-preliminary-mixed-methods-needs-analysis
#16
Susan W White, Rebecca Elias, Carlos E Salinas, Nicole Capriola, Caitlin M Conner, Susan B Asselin, Yasuo Miyazaki, Carla A Mazefsky, Patricia Howlin, Elizabeth E Getzel
BACKGROUND: There is a growing call for empirically based programming to support the success of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as they transition to college. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs and challenges faced by adolescents and young adults with ASD in postsecondary education. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was taken to explore the needs of college-bound and college-enrolled students with ASD. Primary stakeholders (i...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250068/attitudes-toward-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-students-of-allied-health-professions
#17
Frida Simonstein, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg
The prevalence of autism has increased dramatically. The objectives of this study were to explore attitudes toward prenatal diagnosis to detect autism prenatally and avoid having an affected child and to understand social acceptability of these disorders among students of allied health professions. In this study, college students of nursing and health systems management answered a structured self-report questionnaire (n = 305). The first part addressed the respondent's personal data. The second part targeted the respondent's attitudes toward prenatal diagnosis of non-life-threatening disorders, including autism spectrum disorders...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230760/college-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-students-on-the-autism-spectrum
#18
Devon White, Ashleigh Hillier, Alice Frye, Emily Makrez
Young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending university in increasing numbers. The importance of acceptance from peers and integration into the university have been recognized as key factors for success. We examined university students' knowledge and attitudes towards students with ASD, underlying factors that contributed to such attitudes, and whether attitudes changed across two cohorts 5-years apart. The later cohort demonstrated greater knowledge and more positive attitudes toward students with ASD compared to students in the first cohort...
May 26, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178994/untended-wounds-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Brenna B Maddox, Andrea Trubanova, Susan W White
Recent studies have examined non-suicidal self-injury in community and clinical samples, but there is no published research on non-suicidal self-injury in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. This lack of research is surprising, since individuals with autism spectrum disorder have high rates of risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury, including depression and poor emotion regulation skills. Using an online survey, we examined non-suicidal self-injury methods, frequency, severity, functions, and initial motivations in adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 42)...
May 12, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019670/a-pilot-study-promoting-participation-of-families-with-limited-resources-in-early-autism-intervention
#20
Themba Carr, Catherine Lord
BACKGROUND: Relatively little research about autism early intervention has occurred in families of low socioeconomic status. Barriers to participation for under-resourced families (i.e., families with low incomes or limited education), pose a significant problem. The purpose of this pilot study was to apply empirically supported methods promoting participation of families with low-income and low-education levels to an established intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
May 1, 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
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