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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391453/moderating-effects-of-parental-characteristics-on-the-effectiveness-of-a-theory-of-mind-training-for-children-with-autism-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Danielle M J de Veld, Patricia Howlin, Elske Hoddenbach, Fleur Mulder, Imke Wolf, Hans M Koot, Ramón Lindauer, Sander Begeer
This RCT investigated whether the effect of a Theory of Mind (ToM) intervention for children with ASD was moderated by parental education level and employment, family structure, and parental ASD. Children with autism aged 8-13 years (n = 136) were randomized over a waitlist control or treatment condition. At posttest, children in the treatment condition had more ToM knowledge, showed fewer autistic features, and more ToM-related behavior than children in the control condition. Children who had one or two parents with at least a college degree, and children with parents not diagnosed with/suspected of having ASD themselves benefitted from the training...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384392/missed-opportunities-unidentified-genetic-risk-factors-in-prenatal-care
#2
Trissa McClatchey, Erica Lay, Melissa Strassberg, Ignatia B Van den Veyver
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal and preconception care guidelines recommend obtaining family history to screen for reproductive genetic risk. The effectiveness of this screening and subsequent referral for genetic counseling is not well established. This study describes how often pregnant women with reproductive genetic risks were not referred for prenatal genetic counseling and the indications frequently missed. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed genetic consultation medical records for first-trimester screen pre-test counseling...
April 6, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349365/psychometric-properties-of-the-autism-spectrum-quotient-for-assessing-low-and-high-levels-of-autistic-traits-in-college-students
#3
Jennifer L Stevenson, Kari R Hart
The current study systematically investigated the effects of scoring and categorization methods on the psychometric properties of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient. Four hundred and three college students completed the Autism-Spectrum Quotient at least once. Total scores on the Autism-Spectrum Quotient had acceptable internal consistency and test-retest reliability using a binary or Likert scoring method, but the results were more varied for the subscales. Overall, Likert scoring yielded higher internal consistency and test-retest reliability than binary scoring...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314459/autism-spectrum-disorders-challenges-and-opportunities-for-transition-to-adulthood
#4
REVIEW
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Fred R Volkmar
Improved outcomes for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have opened a range of potential pathways during the transition to adulthood. These include attending college, entering the labor force, and achieving a degree of independent living. Less cognitively able individuals may be eligible for state benefits and may enter supported employment programs. Those attending college require careful support and planning. Practitioners need to be familiar with the unique needs of young adults with ASD. Further research should attempt to define the priorities of individuals and families with ASD making this transition and clarify the value of existing supports and interventions...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255760/autism-goes-to-college-understanding-the-needs-of-a-student-population-on-the-rise
#5
Rebecca Elias, Susan W White
Understanding the needs of adolescents and emerging adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with respect to transition to postsecondary education is critical to development of user-informed transition programming. Parents of adolescents and emerging adults with ASD (n = 52) and ADHD (n = 47) completed an online survey. Social interaction training and independent living training were services frequently requested by parents in the ASD group. Additionally, parents of postsecondary students with ASD endorsed distinct challenges with self-advocacy, managing emotions, and managing personal/adaptive skills relative to postsecondary students with ADHD...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187187/widespread-signatures-of-positive-selection-in-common-risk-alleles-associated-to-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Renato Polimanti, Joel Gelernter
The human brain is the outcome of innumerable evolutionary processes; the systems genetics of psychiatric disorders could bear their signatures. On this basis, we analyzed five psychiatric disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and schizophrenia (SCZ), using GWAS summary statistics from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. Machine learning-derived scores were used to investigate two natural-selection scenarios: complete selection (loci where a selected allele reached fixation) and incomplete selection (loci where a selected allele has not yet reached fixation)...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111607/psychosocial-and-computer-assisted-intervention-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-preliminary-support-for-feasibility
#7
Susan W White, John A Richey, Denis Gracanin, Marika Coffman, Rebecca Elias, Stephen LaConte, Thomas H Ollendick
The number of young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) enrolled in higher education institutions has steadily increased over the last decade. Despite this, there has been little research on how to most effectively support this growing population. The current study presents data from a pilot trial of two novel intervention programs developed for college students with ASD. In this small randomized controlled trial, college students with ASD (n = 8) were assigned to one of two new programs - either an intervention based on a virtual reality-Brain-Computer Interface for ASD (BCI-ASD) or a psychosocial intervention, the College and Living Success (CLS) program...
September 2016: Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024179/co-occurrence-of-autistic-and-schizotypal-traits-and-its-association-with-emotional-and-psychosocial-function-in-chinese-college-students
#8
Li-Juan Shi, Wen-Hua Liu, Hai-Song Shi, Chao Yan, Ya Wang, Yi Wang, Eric F C Cheung, Raymond C K Chan
Empirical findings suggest an overlap between autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD). Co-occurring autistic and positive schizotypal traits may have a moderating effect on behaviour and cognition. This study attempted to examine the co-occurrence rate of autistic and schizotypal traits in otherwise healthy college students and to test the moderating effect of co-occurring autistic and schizotypal traits on executive function, emotion processing and social function. Eight hundred and sixty-four participants took part in the present study...
December 20, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929658/executive-function-index-efi-performance-in-nonclinical-individuals-with-high-levels-of-autistic-traits
#9
F R Ferraro, R Hansen, L Deling
This study examined the ability of the Executive Function Index (EFI) to detect differences in executive functioning amongst participants with varying levels of subclinical autistic symptoms as quantified by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (ASQ). Participants were a nonclinical college subject sample classified as displaying either Low (0-15 ASQ score, n = 182) ASQ traits or High (16 or higher ASQ score, n = 91) ASQ traits. Participants were given the ASQ (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) and the EFI (Spinella, 2005 )...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#10
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703778/asperger-syndrome-in-childhood-personality-dimensions-in-adult-life-temperament-character-and-outcome-trajectories
#11
Adam Helles, Märta Wallinius, I Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character have been shown to be important factors in understanding psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorder. Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have repeatedly been shown to have a distinct temperament and character, but this has not been evaluated in relation to psychiatric comorbidity and ASD diagnostic stability. AIMS: To examine temperament and character in males that were diagnosed with ASD in childhood and followed prospectively over almost two decades...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703770/maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-population-based-study
#12
Cecilia Magnusson, Michael Lundberg, Brian K Lee, Dheeraj Rai, Håkan Karlsson, Renee Gardner, Kyriaki Kosidou, Stefan Arver, Christina Dalman
BACKGROUND: Maternal vitamin D deficiency may increase risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but direct evidence is lacking. AIMS: To clarify the relationship between maternal vitamin D deficiency and offspring risk of ASD with and without intellectual disability. METHOD: Using a register-based total population study (N=509 639), we calculated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of ASD with and without intellectual disability in relation to lifetime diagnoses of maternal vitamin D deficiency...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652054/bibliometric-profile-of-the-global-scientific-research-on-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group conditions classified as neuro-developmental disorders. Research activity on ASD is important for all countries since such disorders have both social and health consequences. The objective of this study was to analyze research output on ASD during the period 2005-2014. METHODS: All articles relevant to ASD plus all articles published in autism journals were retrieved using Scopus database. VOSviewer software was used to create density and network visualization maps...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627912/autism-spectrum-disorder-reporting-in-lower-socioeconomic-neighborhoods
#14
Aisha S Dickerson, Mohammad H Rahbar, Deborah A Pearson, Russell S Kirby, Amanda V Bakian, Deborah A Bilder, Rebecca A Harrington, Sydney Pettygrove, Walter M Zahorodny, Lemuel A Moyé, Maureen Durkin, Martha Slay Wingate
Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal hierarchical models for 2489 tracts. Multivariable analyses showed a significant increase in ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder cases through both school and health sources, the optimal ascertainment scenario, for cases with college-educated mothers (adjusted odds ratio = 1...
May 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573857/promoting-social-interactions-and-job-independence-for-college-students-with-autism-or-intellectual-disability-a-pilot-study
#15
Carly B Gilson, Erik W Carter
The employment outcomes for young adults with autism or intellectual disability (ID) lag far behind those of their peers without disabilities. Most postsecondary education programs for students with disabilities incorporate internship experiences to foster employment skills. However, the proximity of job coaches may inadvertently hinder social opportunities and independence. We used a multiple-probe, single-case experimental design across three college students with autism or ID to examine the effects of a coaching package on task engagement and social interactions...
November 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534317/developing-a-user-centred-planning-tool-for-young-adults-with-development-disorders-a-research-based-teaching-project
#16
Kirsten Ribu, Tulpesh Patel
People with development disorders, for instance autism, need structured plans to help create predictability in their daily lives. Digital plans can facilitate enhanced independency, learning, and quality of life, but existing apps are largely general purpose and lack the flexibility required by this specific but heterogeneous user group. Universal design is both a goal and a process and should be based on a holistic approach and user-centered design, interacting with the users in all stages of the development process...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350055/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-its-relation-to-lifestyle-in-female-college-students
#17
Keizo Takahashi, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Risa Kurato, Nobuko Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its relation to lifestyle in female college students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 375 female college students (19.2 ± 1.3 years) among 439 students were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we measured the prevalence of ADHD using the ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347704/college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-growing-role-for-adult-psychiatrists
#18
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Chad Beyer, Andrés Martin, Fred R Volkmar
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly attending college. This case report highlights the nature of the psychiatric difficulties these individuals may face and the potential role for college mental health practitioners. PARTICIPANTS: A case of a female student with ASD presenting with significant inattentive symptoms. METHODS: The authors describe the unique features of this patient's clinical presentation, discuss relevant diagnostic considerations, and make recommendations about how to best approach treatment...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262124/students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-college-results-from-a-preliminary-mixed-methods-needs-analysis
#19
Susan W White, Rebecca Elias, Carlos E Salinas, Nicole Capriola, Caitlin M Conner, Susan B Asselin, Yasuo Miyazaki, Carla A Mazefsky, Patricia Howlin, Elizabeth E Getzel
BACKGROUND: There is a growing call for empirically based programming to support the success of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as they transition to college. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs and challenges faced by adolescents and young adults with ASD in postsecondary education. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was taken to explore the needs of college-bound and college-enrolled students with ASD. Primary stakeholders (i...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250068/attitudes-toward-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-students-of-allied-health-professions
#20
Frida Simonstein, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg
The prevalence of autism has increased dramatically. The objectives of this study were to explore attitudes toward prenatal diagnosis to detect autism prenatally and avoid having an affected child and to understand social acceptability of these disorders among students of allied health professions. In this study, college students of nursing and health systems management answered a structured self-report questionnaire (n = 305). The first part addressed the respondent's personal data. The second part targeted the respondent's attitudes toward prenatal diagnosis of non-life-threatening disorders, including autism spectrum disorders...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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