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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929658/executive-function-index-efi-performance-in-nonclinical-individuals-with-high-levels-of-autistic-traits
#1
F R Ferraro, R Hansen, L Deling
This study examined the ability of the Executive Function Index (EFI) to detect differences in executive functioning amongst participants with varying levels of subclinical autistic symptoms as quantified by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (ASQ). Participants were a nonclinical college subject sample classified as displaying either Low (0-15 ASQ score, n = 182) ASQ traits or High (16 or higher ASQ score, n = 91) ASQ traits. Participants were given the ASQ (Baron-Cohen et al., 2001) and the EFI (Spinella, 2005 )...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891471/comparison-of-gingival-health-and-salivary-parameters-among-autistic-and-non-autistic-school-children-in-riyadh
#2
Hafez M Diab, Suha Saeed Motlaq, Amal Alsharare, Ashwaq Alshammery, Nadia Alshammery, Shabnam Gulzar Khawja, Altaf H Shah
INTRODUCTION: Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which is manifested as impairment of social interaction, communication and a repetitive behaviour. Autism can obscure dental treatment for the affected patients; furthermore, children with autism commonly have destructive oral habits. AIM: The aims of this study were to evaluate the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Plaque Index (PI), salivary pH and buffering capacity of the saliva among autistic children compared to normal children in Riyadh City that may provide baseline data to enable comparison and future planning of dental services for autistic children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703778/asperger-syndrome-in-childhood-personality-dimensions-in-adult-life-temperament-character-and-outcome-trajectories
#3
Adam Helles, Märta Wallinius, I Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character have been shown to be important factors in understanding psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorder. Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have repeatedly been shown to have a distinct temperament and character, but this has not been evaluated in relation to psychiatric comorbidity and ASD diagnostic stability. AIMS: To examine temperament and character in males that were diagnosed with ASD in childhood and followed prospectively over almost two decades...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703770/maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-population-based-study
#4
Cecilia Magnusson, Michael Lundberg, Brian K Lee, Dheeraj Rai, Håkan Karlsson, Renee Gardner, Kyriaki Kosidou, Stefan Arver, Christina Dalman
BACKGROUND: Maternal vitamin D deficiency may increase risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but direct evidence is lacking. AIMS: To clarify the relationship between maternal vitamin D deficiency and offspring risk of ASD with and without intellectual disability. METHOD: Using a register-based total population study (N=509 639), we calculated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of ASD with and without intellectual disability in relation to lifetime diagnoses of maternal vitamin D deficiency...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652054/bibliometric-profile-of-the-global-scientific-research-on-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group conditions classified as neuro-developmental disorders. Research activity on ASD is important for all countries since such disorders have both social and health consequences. The objective of this study was to analyze research output on ASD during the period 2005-2014. METHODS: All articles relevant to ASD plus all articles published in autism journals were retrieved using Scopus database. VOSviewer software was used to create density and network visualization maps...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627912/autism-spectrum-disorder-reporting-in-lower-socioeconomic-neighborhoods
#6
Aisha S Dickerson, Mohammad H Rahbar, Deborah A Pearson, Russell S Kirby, Amanda V Bakian, Deborah A Bilder, Rebecca A Harrington, Sydney Pettygrove, Walter M Zahorodny, Lemuel A Moyé, Maureen Durkin, Martha Slay Wingate
Utilizing surveillance data from five sites participating in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, we investigated contributions of surveillance subject and census tract population sociodemographic characteristics on variation in autism spectrum disorder ascertainment and prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2008 using ordinal hierarchical models for 2489 tracts. Multivariable analyses showed a significant increase in ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder cases through both school and health sources, the optimal ascertainment scenario, for cases with college-educated mothers (adjusted odds ratio = 1...
September 14, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573857/promoting-social-interactions-and-job-independence-for-college-students-with-autism-or-intellectual-disability-a-pilot-study
#7
Carly B Gilson, Erik W Carter
The employment outcomes for young adults with autism or intellectual disability (ID) lag far behind those of their peers without disabilities. Most postsecondary education programs for students with disabilities incorporate internship experiences to foster employment skills. However, the proximity of job coaches may inadvertently hinder social opportunities and independence. We used a multiple-probe, single-case experimental design across three college students with autism or ID to examine the effects of a coaching package on task engagement and social interactions...
November 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534317/developing-a-user-centred-planning-tool-for-young-adults-with-development-disorders-a-research-based-teaching-project
#8
Kirsten Ribu, Tulpesh Patel
People with development disorders, for instance autism, need structured plans to help create predictability in their daily lives. Digital plans can facilitate enhanced independency, learning, and quality of life, but existing apps are largely general purpose and lack the flexibility required by this specific but heterogeneous user group. Universal design is both a goal and a process and should be based on a holistic approach and user-centered design, interacting with the users in all stages of the development process...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350055/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-its-relation-to-lifestyle-in-female-college-students
#9
Keizo Takahashi, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Risa Kurato, Nobuko Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its relation to lifestyle in female college students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 375 female college students (19.2 ± 1.3 years) among 439 students were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Using a self-reported questionnaire, we measured the prevalence of ADHD using the ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347704/college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-growing-role-for-adult-psychiatrists
#10
Gerrit I van Schalkwyk, Chad Beyer, Andrés Martin, Fred R Volkmar
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly attending college. This case report highlights the nature of the psychiatric difficulties these individuals may face and the potential role for college mental health practitioners. PARTICIPANTS: A case of a female student with ASD presenting with significant inattentive symptoms. METHODS: The authors describe the unique features of this patient's clinical presentation, discuss relevant diagnostic considerations, and make recommendations about how to best approach treatment...
October 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262124/students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-college-results-from-a-preliminary-mixed-methods-needs-analysis
#11
Susan W White, Rebecca Elias, Carlos E Salinas, Nicole Capriola, Caitlin M Conner, Susan B Asselin, Yasuo Miyazaki, Carla A Mazefsky, Patricia Howlin, Elizabeth E Getzel
BACKGROUND: There is a growing call for empirically based programming to support the success of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as they transition to college. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs and challenges faced by adolescents and young adults with ASD in postsecondary education. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was taken to explore the needs of college-bound and college-enrolled students with ASD. Primary stakeholders (i...
September 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250068/attitudes-toward-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-students-of-allied-health-professions
#12
Frida Simonstein, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg
The prevalence of autism has increased dramatically. The objectives of this study were to explore attitudes toward prenatal diagnosis to detect autism prenatally and avoid having an affected child and to understand social acceptability of these disorders among students of allied health professions. In this study, college students of nursing and health systems management answered a structured self-report questionnaire (n = 305). The first part addressed the respondent's personal data. The second part targeted the respondent's attitudes toward prenatal diagnosis of non-life-threatening disorders, including autism spectrum disorders...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230760/college-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-students-on-the-autism-spectrum
#13
Devon White, Ashleigh Hillier, Alice Frye, Emily Makrez
Young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending university in increasing numbers. The importance of acceptance from peers and integration into the university have been recognized as key factors for success. We examined university students' knowledge and attitudes towards students with ASD, underlying factors that contributed to such attitudes, and whether attitudes changed across two cohorts 5-years apart. The later cohort demonstrated greater knowledge and more positive attitudes toward students with ASD compared to students in the first cohort...
May 26, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178994/untended-wounds-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Brenna B Maddox, Andrea Trubanova, Susan W White
Recent studies have examined non-suicidal self-injury in community and clinical samples, but there is no published research on non-suicidal self-injury in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. This lack of research is surprising, since individuals with autism spectrum disorder have high rates of risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury, including depression and poor emotion regulation skills. Using an online survey, we examined non-suicidal self-injury methods, frequency, severity, functions, and initial motivations in adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 42)...
May 12, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019670/a-pilot-study-promoting-participation-of-families-with-limited-resources-in-early-autism-intervention
#15
Themba Carr, Catherine Lord
BACKGROUND: Relatively little research about autism early intervention has occurred in families of low socioeconomic status. Barriers to participation for under-resourced families (i.e., families with low incomes or limited education), pose a significant problem. The purpose of this pilot study was to apply empirically supported methods promoting participation of families with low-income and low-education levels to an established intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
May 1, 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943108/survey-of-college-personnel-preparedness-to-serve-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Tara J Glennon
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the perceptions, preparedness, and practices of college personnel regarding support for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Members of the Association on Higher Education and Disability were invited to complete an online survey in 2012. The survey gathered data on training level, understanding of student needs, and supports provided to students with ASD in the areas of academic transitional situations, social activities, sensory needs, attention and organization, self-advocacy and self-disclosure, and emotional regulation...
March 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943106/comparing-and-exploring-the-sensory-processing-patterns-of-higher-education-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Maria Clince, Laura Connolly, Clodagh Nolan
OBJECTIVE: Research regarding sensory processing and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. This study aimed to compare sensory processing patterns of groups of higher education students with ADHD or ASD and to explore the implications of these disorders for their college life. METHOD: The Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile was administered to 28 students with ADHD and 27 students with ASD. Students and professionals were interviewed...
March 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26739971/low-oxytocin-and-melatonin-levels-and-their-possible-role-in-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-in-iraqi-autistic-children
#18
Haidar A Abdulamir, Omar F Abdul-Rasheed, Emad A Abdulghani
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3dc0470) OBJECTIVES: To test the possible association between oxytocin and melatonin levels with the severity of social and cognitive dysfunctions, and to study the correlation between these parameters in children with autism. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq. The study was performed on 60 male autistic patients recruited from the Pediatric Department of Al-Sader General Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq between November 2014 and April 2015...
January 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649197/characteristics-of-two-year-college-students-on-the-autism-spectrum-and-their-support-services-experiences
#19
Anne M Roux, Paul T Shattuck, Jessica E Rast, Julianna A Rava, Amy D Edwards, Xin Wei, Mary McCracken, Jennifer W Yu
Approximately 80% of college-going youth with autism in the US attend a 2-year college at some point. These community-based, universally accessible institutions offer both academic and vocational courses and have experience in teaching diverse learners. This study used nationally representative survey data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 to describe the characteristics and services experiences of adults with autism who attended postsecondary education after high school, focusing on those who attended a 2-year college...
2015: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620991/dental-knowledge-of-educators-and-healthcare-providers-working-with-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Ebtissam Z Murshid
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate dental knowledge and attitudes toward oral health care among healthcare providers and educators working with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in central Saudi Arabia.   METHODS:  There were 305 questionnaires distributed to 7 special-needs centers between September and November 2014. A total of 217 questionnaires were collected with a response rate of 71.1%. The study took place in the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
December 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
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