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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738009/serotonin-and-serotonin-transporter-levels-in-autistic-children
#1
Haidar A Abdulamir, Omar F Abdul-Rasheed, Emad A Abdulghani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the possible correlation between serotonin and serotonin transporter (SERT) with the autism severity and investigate the association between these parameters in autistic children to assess their possible role for diagnosis of autism severity. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq while the samples were taken from 60 male autistic children recruited to the Department of Pediatrics at Al-Sader Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq between November 2014 amd April 2015...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721744/students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-parents-in-the-transition-into-higher-education-impact-on-dynamics-in-the-parent-child-relationship
#2
Valérie Van Hees, Herbert Roeyers, Jan De Mol
This study examined how 34 senior students and first-year college students with autism spectrum disorder, their mothers (n = 34) and fathers (n = 26) navigate the higher education transition, and how this context impacts on dynamics in the parent-child relationships. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed based on grounded theory and dyadic analysis principles. Both parties were confronted with an abundance of challenges and experienced strong feelings of ambivalence, stress and anxiety. Differences in perspectives occurred regarding the construction of adulthood, the acquisition of autonomy, disclosure and subscribing to support services...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610411/barriers-to-receipt-of-services-for-young-adults-with-autism
#3
Connie Anderson, Alexis Lupfer, Paul T Shattuck
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examine experiences of families of young adults (YAs) on the autism spectrum to better understand dynamics leading to poor YA outcomes. METHODS: Twenty parents of YAs with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who had completed high school in the past 15 years took part in a 90-minute interview. They described their YA's experiences at the transition from high school and current status with regards to services or postsecondary education. Qualitative interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by using the constant comparative method associated with a grounded theory approach...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610408/family-characteristics-and-children-s-receipt-of-autism-services-in-low-resourced-families
#4
Elizabeth A Karp, Rebecca Dudovitz, Bergen B Nelson, Wendy Shih, Amanda Gulsrud, Felice Orlich, Costanza Colombi, Alice A Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) face competing demands when caring for their child and fulfilling family commitments. It remains unknown whether family obligations and parental stress might decrease the use of intervention services for young children with ASD. METHODS: The current study is a secondary analysis of baseline date from a published randomized control trial with 147 low-resourced caregiver-child dyads. Demographic information, data on service use, maternal employment, parent's perception of their child's development, and parental stress were collected for primary caregivers of 2- to 5-year-old children with ASD from 5 sites...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602160/stigma-associated-with-autism-among-college-students-in-japan-and-the-united-states-an-online-training-study
#5
Fumio Someki, Miyuki Torii, Patricia J Brooks, Tatsuya Koeda, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch
Misconceptions and stigma associated with autism vary across cultures and may be influenced by various factors. Undergraduates in Japan (N = 212) and the United States (US) (N = 365) completed an online autism training, with pre- and posttest surveys assessing autism-related stigma (i.e., social distance) and knowledge. Aims were to examine differences in autism stigma and knowledge in Japan and the US, while extending prior research demonstrating benefits of an online autism training in the US and Lebanon to Japan...
March 27, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596523/autistic-traits-and-social-anxiety-predict-differential-performance-on-social-cognitive-tasks-in-typically-developing-young-adults
#6
Cheryl L Dickter, Joshua A Burk, Katarina Fleckenstein, C Teal Kozikowski
The current work examined the unique contribution that autistic traits and social anxiety have on tasks examining attention and emotion processing. In Study 1, 119 typically-developing college students completed a flanker task assessing the control of attention to target faces and away from distracting faces during emotion identification. In Study 2, 208 typically-developing college students performed a visual search task which required identification of whether a series of 8 or 16 emotional faces depicted the same or different emotions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515991/vaccination-perceptions-of-college-students-with-and-without-vaccination-waiver
#7
Emmanuel D Jadhav, Danielle L Winkler, Billie S Anderson
Introduction: The resurgence of vaccine preventable diseases occurs more often among intentionally unvaccinated individuals, placing at direct risk young adults not caught up on vaccinations. The objectives of this study were to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of young adults with and without vaccination waivers and identify their perceived benefits, barriers, and influencers of vaccination. Methods: Young adults ( n  = 964) from a Midwestern rural university responded to a survey (fall 2015-spring 2016) designed to identify their perception toward vaccination...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487547/designing-a-summer-transition-program-for-incoming-and-current-college-students-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-participatory-approach
#8
Emily Hotez, Christina Shane-Simpson, Rita Obeid, Danielle DeNigris, Michael Siller, Corinna Costikas, Jonathan Pickens, Anthony Massa, Michael Giannola, Joanne D'Onofrio, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch
Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) face unique challenges transitioning from high school to college and receive insufficient support to help them navigate this transition. Through a participatory collaboration with incoming and current autistic college students, we developed, implemented, and evaluated two intensive week-long summer programs to help autistic students transition into and succeed in college. This process included: (1) developing an initial summer transition program curriculum guided by recommendations from autistic college students in our ongoing mentorship program, (2) conducting an initial feasibility assessment of the curriculum [Summer Transition Program 1 (STP1)], (3) revising our initial curriculum, guided by feedback from autistic students, to develop a curriculum manual, and (4) pilot-testing the manualized curriculum through a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test assessment of a second summer program [Summer Transition Program 2 (STP2)]...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486417/the-co-occurrence-of-autistic-traits-and-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-is-associated-to-increased-suicidal-ideation-in-nonclinical-young-adults
#9
Henri Chabrol, Patrick Raynal
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is not rare and has been linked to increased suicidality. Despite this significant comorbidity between ASD and BPD, no study had examined the co-occurrence of autistic traits and borderline personality disorder traits in the general population. The aim of the present study was to examine the co-occurrence of autistic and borderline traits in a non-clinical sample of young adults and its influence on the levels of suicidal ideation and depressive symptomatology...
April 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475372/accommodations-and-support-services-preferred-by-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Amy L Accardo, S Jay Kuder, John Woodruff
This 2-year study investigated the accommodations and support services preferred by college students with autism spectrum disorder using sequential mixed methods non-experimental survey and semi-structured follow-up interviews. Students with autism spectrum disorder reported using both academic and non-academic supports with frequency (e.g. extended time on exams, transition program), using academic supports in line with other disability populations, and using non-academic supports connecting them one-to-one with a faculty member or coach as preferred (e...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473279/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-genetic-testing-parental-perceptions-and-decision-making
#11
Alyson E Hanish, Marlene Z Cohen, Lois J Starr
PURPOSE: Advances in genomic technology and research have led to genetic testing being recognized as an essential component of the etiological workup for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) is a first-tier diagnostic test for patients with ASD, as recommended by the American College of Medical Genetics and other professional societies. An accurate underlying medical diagnosis for ASD has many potential benefits, including appropriate medical management, detailed therapeutic recommendations, and accurate recurrence risk...
April 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447619/autism-spectrum-disorder-traits-in-typically-developing-emerging-adults-and-associated-parenting-a-person-centered-approach
#12
Cliff McKinney, Daniel L Gadke, Mallory L Malkin
Research on parenting children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) indicates these children receive parenting tailored to their condition. However, little is known about ASD in adulthood, especially in emerging adults at college, and how they are parented. The current study examined how emerging adults in a non-clinical typically-developing sample differed in their current perceptions of parenting as a function of ASD traits. Participants completed questionnaires about their current perceptions of parenting and self-reported ASD traits...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388149/preface-special-issue-college-experiences-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
EDITORIAL
Scott L J Jackson, Logan Hart, Fred R Volkmar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249012/what-works-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
S Jay Kuder, Amy Accardo
This article reports the results of a systematic review of the emerging research on programs and services designed to meet the needs of students with ASD. For the purposes of this review, only articles that included data on program outcomes were included. A total of eight studies that met this criterion were identified. These studies included three that examined the effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions, three that reported the results of methods to enhance social communication skills, one study of a transition to college program, and one evaluation of a variety of widely used accommodations...
March 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109559/curriculum-in-psychiatry-and-neurology-for-pharmacy-programs
#15
Julie A Dopheide, Jolene R Bostwick, Lisa W Goldstone, Kelan Thomas, Ruth Nemire, Kelly N Gable, Marshall Cates, Joshua Caballero, Tawny Smith, Jacquelyn Bainbridge
Objective. To describe pharmacy curricula in psychiatry and neurology and to report on neuropsychiatric pharmacy specialists' views on optimal curriculum. Methods. Design and administer one electronic survey to accredited pharmacy programs asking them to report information on curricula in psychiatry and neurology for the 2014-2015 academic year. Design and administer a separate electronic survey to board certified pharmacists with an academic affiliation who are members of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP) asking about their teaching activities and their opinion on optimal curricula...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985155/exploring-the-relationship-between-autistic-traits-and-body-image-body-satisfaction-and-body-competence
#16
Alek Krumm, F Richard Ferraro, Brita Ingvalson
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been linked to bodily disorders (anorexia nervosa, obesity), and individuals with ASD are known to experience unique bodily states (e.g., exaggerated interoceptive sensitivity). Though there is evidence to suggest body variables may significantly impact quality of life in those with ASD, research has yet to examine the potential relationship between ASD and body image variables, that is, the evaluation of one's body. The present study examined 80 healthy college students (40 male, 40 female) who completed an online set of questionnaires regarding body image and satisfaction, body competency, depression, anxiety, and autistic traits (Autism Spectrum Quotient, or AQ) (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Skinner, Martin, & Clubley, 2001 )...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959454/generalised-joint-hypermobility-and-neurodevelopmental-traits-in-a-non-clinical-adult-population
#17
Martin Glans, Susanne Bejerot, Mats B Humble
BACKGROUND: Generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) is reportedly overrepresented among clinical cases of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD). It is unknown if these associations are dimensional and, therefore, also relevant among non-clinical populations. AIMS: To investigate if GJH correlates with sub-syndromal neurodevelopmental symptoms in a normal population. METHOD: Hakim-Grahame's 5-part questionnaire (5PQ) on GJH, neuropsychiatric screening scales measuring ADHD and ASD traits, and a DCD-related question concerning clumsiness were distributed to a non-clinical, adult, Swedish population (n=1039)...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926775/geographic-and-demographic-correlates-of-autism-related-anti-vaccine-beliefs-on-twitter-2009-15
#18
Theodore S Tomeny, Christopher J Vargo, Sherine El-Toukhy
This study examines temporal trends, geographic distribution, and demographic correlates of anti-vaccine beliefs on Twitter, 2009-2015. A total of 549,972 tweets were downloaded and coded for the presence of anti-vaccine beliefs through a machine learning algorithm. Tweets with self-disclosed geographic information were resolved and United States Census data were collected for corresponding areas at the micropolitan/metropolitan level. Trends in number of anti-vaccine tweets were examined at the national and state levels over time...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846756/prevalence-of-pathogenic-copy-number-variation-in-adults-with-pediatric-onset-epilepsy-and-intellectual-disability
#19
Felippe Borlot, Brigid M Regan, Anne S Bassett, D James Stavropoulos, Danielle M Andrade
Importance: Copy number variation (CNV) is an important cause of neuropsychiatric disorders. Little is known about the role of CNV in adults with epilepsy and intellectual disability. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of pathogenic CNVs and identify possible candidate CNVs and genes in patients with epilepsy and intellectual disability. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, genome-wide microarray was used to evaluate a cohort of 143 adults with unexplained childhood-onset epilepsy and intellectual disability who were recruited from the Toronto Western Hospital epilepsy outpatient clinic from January 1, 2012, through December 31, 2014...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815985/sticking-with-it-psychotherapy-outcomes-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-university-counseling-center-setting
#20
Emily Anderberg, Jonathan C Cox, E Shannon Neeley Tass, David M Erekson, Terisa P Gabrielsen, Jared S Warren, Jared Cline, Devin Petersen, Mikle South
Young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience high rates of comorbid mental health concerns in addition to distress arising from the core symptoms of autism. Many adults with ASD seek psychological treatment in outpatient facilities in their communities that are not specifically geared toward individuals with ASD. However, few studies have looked at the effectiveness of standard psychotherapeutic care in adults with ASD. This study aimed to discover how individuals with ASD fare in psychotherapy within a college counseling setting, compared to their neurotypical peers...
December 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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