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Autism AND athletics

Kevin Macpherson, Marjorie H Charlop, Catherine A Miltenberger
A multiple baseline design across participants was used to examine the effects of a portable video modeling intervention delivered in the natural environment on the verbal compliments and compliment gestures demonstrated by five children with autism. Participants were observed playing kickball with peers and adults. In baseline, participants demonstrated few compliment behaviors. During intervention, an iPad(®) was used to implement the video modeling treatment during the course of the athletic game. Viewing the video rapidly increased the verbal compliments participants gave to peers...
December 2015: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Catherine A Miltenberger, Marjorie H Charlop
A multiple baseline design across three children with autism and within child across activity was used to assess the effects of interventions designed to teach children with autism to play two common athletic group games, handball and 4-square. Treatment consisted of two phases. In Phase I, athletic skills training, the children participated in sessions designed facilitate their acquisition of the athletic skills required by the targeted games. During Phase II, rules training, the children were instructed on the rules of the targeted games...
January 2014: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Yeshayahu Hutzler, Mali Oz, Sharon Barak
Based on social-learning and self-determination motivational theories, the purpose of this study was to determine the sources of motivation in youth and young adults with intellectual disability (ID) who participate in Special Olympics (SO) competitions and those of typically developed (TD) age- and activity-matched athletes. A convenience sample of 63 SO (25 females and 38 males) and 59 TD (16 females and 43 males) athletes was retrieved through communication with local club coaches. Three sub-groups of SO athletes were identified based on disability, including non specified intellectual disability (NSID=39), Down syndrome (DS=17), and Autism (Aut=7)...
July 2013: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Line K Lund, Torstein Vik, Stian Lydersen, Gro C C Løhaugen, Jon Skranes, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik
BACKGROUND: Being born with low birth weight may have an impact on different aspects of mental health, psychosocial functioning and well-being; however results from studies in young adulthood have so far yielded mixed findings. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term impact in young adulthood on self-reported mental health, health-related quality of life, self-esteem and social relations by investigating differences between two low birth weight groups and a control group. METHODS: In a follow-up at 20 years of age, 43 preterm VLBW (birth weight ≤ 1500 g), 55 term SGA (birth weight < 10th percentile) and 74 control subjects completed the Adult Self-Report (ASR) of the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment, the Adult Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), the Short Form 36 Health Survey, the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents-Revised, and the Wechsler Adult Intelligent Scale III assessment...
2012: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Claudia Emck, Ruud J Bosscher, Piet C W van Wieringen, Theo Doreleijers, Peter J Beek
Children with psychiatric disorders often demonstrate gross motor problems. This study investigates if the reverse also holds true by assessing psychiatric symptoms present in children with gross motor problems. Emotional, behavioral, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD), as well as psychosocial problems, were assessed in a sample of 40 children with gross motor problems from an elementary school population (aged 7 through 12 years). Sixty-five percent of the sample met the criteria for psychiatric classification...
April 2012: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Marizen Ramirez, Jingzhen Yang, Linda Bourque, John Javien, Saman Kashani, Mary Ann Limbos, Corinne Peek-Asa
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity in sports comes with an inherent risk for injury. For children with disabilities, their injury risk may be complicated by preexisting disability. However, very little research exists on sports injuries to young athletes with disabilities. To best manage potential injuries to children with disabilities, data on sports injury patterns are needed. The purpose of this study was to measure the frequency of and risk factors for injury to high school athletes with disabilities...
February 2009: Pediatrics
Nancy D Spector, Shareen F Kelly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to summarize and synthesize the recent literature in four very important areas for pediatric office practice: sleep disorders, new immunizations, sports injuries, and autism. Important articles in each area are highlighted. RECENT FINDINGS: The management of pediatric and adolescent sleep disorders is in the forefront of the pediatric literature. The most recent literature cautions practitioners on prescribing pharmacologic treatment for sleep problems in children and adolescents...
December 2005: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
G B Mesibov, J Stephens
The purpose of this study was to determine how a group of adults with autism perceived one another's interpersonal attributes and popularity. Five female and 11 male high-functioning autistic adults, 18-45 years old, participated in a social skills group together for several years. A sociogram and a questionnaire designed to determine perceptions of best looking, most athletic, and most humorous group members were administered to group members and nonhandicapped group leaders. Independent assessments of intelligence and empathy also were taken...
March 1990: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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