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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140985/notch-signaling-and-progenitor-ductular-reaction-in-steatohepatitis
#1
Carola M Morell, Romina Fiorotto, Marica Meroni, Aileen Raizner, Barbara Torsello, Massimiliano Cadamuro, Gaia Spagnuolo, Eleanna Kaffe, Salvatore Sutti, Emanuele Albano, Mario Strazzabosco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Persistent hepatic progenitor cells (HPC) activation resulting in ductular reaction (DR) is responsible for pathologic liver repair in cholangiopathies. Also, HPC/DR expansion correlates with fibrosis in several chronic liver diseases, including steatohepatitis. Increasing evidence indicates Notch signaling as a key regulator of HPC/DR response in biliary and more in general liver injuries. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the role of Notch during HPC/DR activation in a mouse model of steatohepatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138830/mir%C3%A2-185-inhibits-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-through-targeting-of-sox9-and-regulation-of-wnt-signaling
#2
Zhengwen Lei, Hongcan Shi, Wei Li, Duonan Yu, Feiyang Shen, Xi Yu, Dan Lu, Chao Sun, Kai Liao
SRY-box 9 (SOX9) is an important transcription factor required for development, which has additionally been reported to be an independent prognostic indicator for the survival of patients with non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Accumulating evidence has indicated that dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) may contribute to the initiation and progression of cancer. SOX9 may be regulated by a number of miRNAs in different types of cancer, including in NSCLC. The present study sought to identify novel candidate miRNAs associated with SOX9 in NSCLC using online tools, and investigated the detailed functions of miR‑185, which suppressed SOX9 mRNA expression most strongly out of the candidate miRNAs...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138807/role-of-lasp-1-a-novel-sox9-transcriptional-target-in-the-progression-of-lung-cancer
#3
Jianguang Shi, Jing Guo, Xinjian Li
Lung cancer accounts for most cancer-related deaths worldwide. However, the underlying mechanism by which it mediates the progression of lung cancer remains unclear. Expression of LASP-1 (LIM and SH3 protein 1) was evaluated in lung cancer tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues using immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Functional studies have shown that siRNA-mediated silencing of LASP-1 in human lung cancer cells and reduced cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining also revealed that rate of cell apoptosis was increased after knockdown of expression of LASP-1, thereby suggesting that LASP-1 may function as an oncogene during lung cancer progression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131159/enhancing-the-precision-of-genetic-lineage-tracing-using-dual-recombinases
#4
Lingjuan He, Yan Li, Yi Li, Wenjuan Pu, Xiuzhen Huang, Xueying Tian, Yue Wang, Hui Zhang, Qiaozhen Liu, Libo Zhang, Huan Zhao, Juan Tang, Hongbin Ji, Dongqing Cai, Zhibo Han, Zhongchao Han, Yu Nie, Shengshou Hu, Qing-Dong Wang, Ruilin Sun, Jian Fei, Fengchao Wang, Ting Chen, Yan Yan, Hefeng Huang, William T Pu, Bin Zhou
The Cre-loxP recombination system is the most widely used technology for in vivo tracing of stem or progenitor cell lineages. The precision of this genetic system largely depends on the specificity of Cre recombinase expression in targeted stem or progenitor cells. However, Cre expression in nontargeted cell types can complicate the interpretation of lineage-tracing studies and has caused controversy in many previous studies. Here we describe a new genetic lineage tracing system that incorporates the Dre-rox recombination system to enhance the precision of conventional Cre-loxP-mediated lineage tracing...
November 13, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131109/histological-assessment-of-gonads-in-dsd-relevance-for-clinical-management
#5
Johannes A Spoor, J Wolter Oosterhuis, Remko Hersmus, Katharina Biermann, Katja P Wolffenbuttel, Martine Cools, Zainab Kazmi, Syed F Ahmed, Leendert H J Looijenga
Malignant gonadal germ cell tumors, referred to as germ cell cancers (GCC), occur with increased frequency in individuals who have specific types of differences (disorders) of sex development (DSD). Recent population-based studies have identified new environmental and genetic risk factors that have led to a 'genvironment' hypothesis, which may potentially be helpful in risk assessment in DSD-related GCC. In DSD, the malignancy risk is highly heterogeneous, but recent studies allow now to discriminate between high- and low-risk conditions...
November 3, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128818/comparison-of-2d-and-3d-neural-induction-methods-for-the-generation-of-neural-progenitor-cells-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#6
Abinaya Chandrasekaran, Hasan X Avci, Anna Ochalek, Lone N Rösingh, Kinga Molnár, Lajos László, Tamás Bellák, Annamária Téglási, Krisztina Pesti, Arpad Mike, Phetcharat Phanthong, Orsolya Bíró, Vanessa Hall, Narisorn Kitiyanant, Karl-Heinz Krause, Julianna Kobolák, András Dinnyés
Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are frequently induced using 3D culture methodologies however, it is unknown whether spheroid-based (3D) neural induction is actually superior to monolayer (2D) neural induction. Our aim was to compare the efficiency of 2D induction with 3D induction method in their ability to generate NPCs, and subsequently neurons and astrocytes. Neural differentiation was analysed at the protein level qualitatively by immunocytochemistry and quantitatively by flow cytometry for NPC (SOX1, PAX6, NESTIN), neuronal (MAP2, TUBB3), cortical layer (TBR1, CUX1) and glial markers (SOX9, GFAP, AQP4)...
October 14, 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121666/sox9-is-a-proliferation-and-stem-cell-factor-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-possess-widespread-prognostic-significance-in-different-cancer-types
#7
Georg Richtig, Ariane Aigelsreiter, Daniela Schwarzenbacher, Anna Lena Ress, Jan Basri Adiprasito, Verena Stiegelbauer, Gerald Hoefler, Silvia Schauer, Tobias Kiesslich, Peter Kornprat, Thomas Winder, Florian Eisner, Armin Gerger, Herbert Stoeger, Rudolf Stauber, Carolin Lackner, Martin Pichler
SOX9 has been previously shown to be involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and other types of cancer. However, prognostic studies so far involved rather small cohorts or lack external validation and experimental data. In this study, we firstly determined the histological expression pattern of SOX9 in human HCC by immunohistochemistry (n = 84) and evaluated its prognostic value. External cohorts of publicly available datasets were used to validate its prognostic relevance in HCC (n = 359) and other types of cancer including breast (n = 3951), ovarian (n = 1306), lung (n = 1926) and gastric cancer (n = 876)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109128/sox9-predicts-progression-toward-cirrhosis-in-patients-while-its-loss-protects-against-liver-fibrosis
#8
Varinder S Athwal, James Pritchett, Jessica Llewellyn, Katherine Martin, Elizabeth Camacho, Sayyid Ma Raza, Alexander Phythian-Adams, Lindsay J Birchall, Aoibheann F Mullan, Kim Su, Laurence Pearmain, Grace Dolman, Abed M Zaitoun, Scott L Friedman, Andrew MacDonald, William L Irving, Indra N Guha, Neil A Hanley, Karen Piper Hanley
Fibrosis and organ failure is a common endpoint for many chronic liver diseases. Much is known about the upstream inflammatory mechanisms provoking fibrosis and downstream potential for tissue remodeling. However, less is known about the transcriptional regulation in vivo governing fibrotic matrix deposition by liver myofibroblasts. This gap in understanding has hampered molecular predictions of disease severity and clinical progression and restricted targets for antifibrotic drug development. In this study, we show the prevalence of SOX9 in biopsies from patients with chronic liver disease correlated with fibrosis severity and accurately predicted disease progression toward cirrhosis...
November 6, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109091/transcriptomic-profiling-of-mda-mb-231-cells-exposed-to-boswellia-serrata-and-3-o-acetyl-b-boswellic-acid-er-upr-mediated-programmed-cell-death
#9
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Charles A Lewis, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of hormone receptors (estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2) and a relatively poor prognosis due to inefficacy of hormone receptor-based chemotherapies. It is imperative that we continue to explore natural products with potential to impede growth and metastasis of TNBC. In this study, we screened over 1,000 natural products for capacity to induce cell death in TNBC (MDA-MB -231) cells...
November 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107601/expression-of-sf1-and-dax-1-are-regulated-by-thyroid-hormones-and-androgens-during-silurana-tropicalis-early-development
#10
Diana E K Campbell, Valerie S Langlois
Thyroid hormones (THs) and androgens have been shown to be extensively involved in sexual development; however, relatively little is known with regard to TH-related and androgenic actions in sex determination. We first established expression profiles of three sex-determining genes (sf1, dax-1, and sox9) during the embryonic development of Western clawed frogs (Silurana tropicalis). Transcripts of sf1 and sox9 were detected in embryos before the period in which embryonic transcription commences indicating maternal transfer, whereas dax-1 transcripts were not detected until later in development...
October 28, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107072/ectopic-phosphorylated-creb-marks-dedifferentiated-proximal-tubules-in-cystic-kidney-disease
#11
Pawan Puri, Caitlin M Schaefer, Daniel Bushnell, Mary E Taglienti, Jordan A Kreidberg, Bradley K Yoder, Carlton M Bates
Ectopic cAMP signaling is pathological in polycystic kidney disease; however, its spatio-temporal actions are unclear. We characterized expression of phosphorylated Creb (p-Creb), a target and mediator of cAMP signaling, in developing and cystic kidney models. We also examined tubule-specific effects of cAMP analogs in cystogenesis in embryonic kidney explants. In wild-type mice, p-Creb marked nephron progenitors (NP), early epithelial NP derivatives, ureteric bud, and cortical stroma; p-Creb was present in differentiated thick ascending limb of Henle, collecting duct, and stroma; however, it disappeared in mature NP-derived proximal tubules...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106405/isolation-and-3d-expansion-of-multipotent-sox9-mouse-lung-progenitors
#12
Massimo Nichane, Asif Javed, V Sivakamasundari, Monisha Ganesan, Lay Teng Ang, Petra Kraus, Thomas Lufkin, Kyle M Loh, Bing Lim
Multiple adult tissues are maintained by stem cells of restricted developmental potential which can only form a subset of lineages within the tissue. For instance, the two adult lung epithelial compartments (airways and alveoli) are separately maintained by distinct lineage-restricted stem cells. A challenge has been to obtain multipotent stem cells and/or progenitors that can generate all epithelial cell types of a given tissue. Here we show that mouse Sox9(+) multipotent embryonic lung progenitors can be isolated and expanded long term in 3D culture...
November 6, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105838/a-parkinson-s-disease-gene-dj-1-repairs-brain-injury-through-sox9-stabilization-and-astrogliosis
#13
Dong-Joo Choi, Jin-Hwa Eun, Byung Gon Kim, Ilo Jou, Sang Myun Park, Eun-Hye Joe
Defects in repair of damaged brain accumulate injury and contribute to slow-developing neurodegeneration. Here, we report that a deficiency of DJ-1, a Parkinson's disease (PD) gene, delays repair of brain injury due to destabilization of Sox9, a positive regulator of astrogliosis. Stereotaxic injection of ATP into the brain striatum produces similar size of acute injury in wild-type and DJ-1-knockout (KO) mice. However, recovery of the injury is delayed in KO mice, which is confirmed by 9.4T magnetic resonance imaging and tyrosine hydroxylase immunostaining...
November 6, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105086/dose-dependent-effect-of-triiodothyronine-on-the-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-the-bone-marrow-of-female-rats
#14
Higor A Assis, Nathalia C Elert, André Luiz B P Azevedo, Iolanda S Braga, Rogéria Serakides, Natália de Melo Ocarino, Alfredo M de Goes, Francisco de Paula Careta, Greiciane G Paneto, Adriana M A da Silva, Jankerle N Boeloni
OBJECTIVES: Verify the in-vitro effect of triiodothyronine (T3) on the chondrogenic differentiation of female rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) over several time periods and at several doses. METHODS: CD54 + /CD73 + /CD90 +  BMMSCs from Wistar female rats were cultured in chondrogenic medium with or without T3 (0.01; 1; 100; 1000 nm). At seven, 14 and 21 days, the cell morphology, chondrogenic matrix formation and expression of Sox9 and collagen II were evaluated...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103309/the-effect-of-nanofibre-based-polyethersulfone-pes-scaffold-on-the-chondrogenesis-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#15
Hossein Mahboudi, Masoud Soleimani, Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Mousa Kehtari, Hana Hanaee-Ahvaz, Hossein Ghanbarian, Mojgan Bandehpour, Shahrzad Nojehdehi Nojehdehi Sh, Samaneh Mirzaei, Bahram Kazemi
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have been shown to have promising potential for regenerative medicine and tissue engineering applications. Chondrogenic differentiation of iPSCs is important for application in cartilage tissue engineering. In this study, we considered the effect of nanofibre-based polyethersulfone (PES) scaffold on the chondrogenesis of iPSCs. IPSC cells were cultured on the PES scaffold and scaffold free method. After 21 d, real-time PCR was performed to evaluate the cartilage-specific genes in the mRNA levels...
November 6, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101268/disturbed-spermatogenic-signaling-in-pacap-deficient-mice
#16
Dora Reglodi, Sandor Cseh, Bence Somoskoi, Balazs Fulop, Eszter Szentleleky, Vince Szegeczki, Anna Kovacs, Andrea Varga, Peter Kiss, Hitoshi Hashimoto, Andrea Tamas, Attila Bardosi, Sridharan Manavalan, Eva Bako, Roza Zakany, Tamas Juhasz
PACAP is a neuropeptide with diverse functions in various organs, including reproductive system. It is present in the testis in high concentrations, and in addition to the stage-specific expression within the seminiferous tubules, PACAP affects spermatogenesis and the functions of Leydig and Sertoli cells. Mice lacking endogenous PACAP show reduced fertility, but the possibility of abnormalities in spermatogenic signaling has not yet been investigated. Therefore, we performed a detailed morphological analysis of spermatozoa, sperm motility, and investigated signaling pathways that play a role during spermatogenesis in knockout mice...
November 3, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099271/sox9-mir-130a-ctr1-axis-modulates-ddp-resistance-of-cervical-cancer-cell
#17
Chenzhe Feng, Fang Ma, Chunhong Hu, Jin-An Ma, Jingjing Wang, Yang Zhang, Fang Wu, Tao Hou, Shun Jiang, Yapeng Wang, Yeqian Feng
Cisplatin (DDP) -based chemotherapy is a standard strategy for cervical cancer, while chemoresistance remains a huge challenge. Copper transporter protein 1 (CTR1), a copper influx transporter required for high affinity copper (probably reduced Cu I) transport into the cell, reportedly promotes a significant fraction of DDP internalization in tumor cells. In the present study, we evaluated the function of CTR1 in the cell proliferation of cervical cancer upon DDP treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been regarded as essential regulators of cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, as well as chemoresistance...
November 3, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095837/resveratrol-downregulates-inflammatory-pathway-activated-by-lymphotoxin-%C3%AE-tnf-%C3%AE-in-articular-chondrocytes-comparison-with-tnf-%C3%AE
#18
Constanze Buhrmann, Bastian Popper, Bharat B Aggarwal, Mehdi Shakibaei
While Lymphotoxin α (TNF-β), a product of lymphocytes, is known to play a pivotal role in inflammatory joint environment, resveratrol has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and chondroprotective effects via activation of the histondeacetylase Sirt1. Whether TNF-β induction of inflammatory pathways in primary human chondrocytes (PCH) can be modulated by resveratrol, was investigated. Monolayer and alginate cultures of PCH were treated with TNF-β, anti-TNF-β, nicotinamide (NAM), antisense oligonucleotides against Sirt1 (Sirt1-ASO) and/or resveratrol and co-cultured with T-lymphocytes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095481/biallelic-mutations-in-flnb-cause-a-skeletal-dysplasia-with-46-xy-gonadal-dysgenesis-by-activating-%C3%AE-catenin
#19
K Upadhyay, J Loke, V O, B Taragin, H Ostrer
Filamin B (FLNB) functions as a switch that can affect chrondrocyte development and endochondral bone formation through a series of signaling molecules and transcription factors that also affect Sertoli cell development. Here, we report a subject with a novel skeletal dysplasia and co-existing 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis and biallelic mutations in FLNB. Whole exome sequencing was performed to identify mutations. Quantitative qPCR and flow variant assays were performed to quantify RNA, proteins and phosphorylated proteins...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090639/platelet-rich-concentrate-in-serum-free-medium-enhances-cartilage-specific-extracellular-matrix-synthesis-and-reduces-chondrocyte-hypertrophy-of-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-encapsulated-in-alginate
#20
Shani Samuel, Raja Elina Ahmad, Thamil Selvee Ramasamy, Puvanan Karunanithi, Sangeetha Vasudevaraj Naveen, Tunku Kamarul
Platelet-rich concentrate (PRC), used in conjunction with other chondroinductive growth factors, have been shown to induce chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) in pellet culture. However, pellet culture systems promote cell hypertrophy and the presence of other chondroinductive growth factors in the culture media used in previous studies obscures accurate determination of the effect of platelet itself in inducing chondrogenic differentiation. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the effect of PRC alone in enhancing the chondrogenic differentiation potential of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) encapsulated in three-dimensional alginate constructs...
November 1, 2017: Platelets
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