Read by QxMD icon Read


Tazul I Bhuiyan, Jin K Tak, Sebastian Sessarego, Don Harfield, Josephine M Hill
The impact of biochar properties on acid-extractable organics (AEO) adsorption from oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) was studied. Biochar from wheat straw with the highest ash content (14%) had the highest adsorption capacity (0.59 mg/g) followed by biochar from pulp mill sludge, switchgrass, mountain pine, hemp shives, and aspen wood. The adsorption capacity had no obvious trend with surface area, total pore volume, bulk polarity and aromaticity. The large impact of metal content was consistent with the carboxylates (i...
December 2, 2016: Chemosphere
Yanfang Feng, Haijun Sun, Lihong Xue, Yang Liu, Qian Gao, Kouping Lu, Linzhang Yang
Biochar application can increase carbon sequestration and reduce greenhouse gases emissions in paddy soils. However, its influence on ammonia (NH3) volatilization is neglected. This soil column study was conducted using two biochars (wheat straw pyrolyzed at 500 °C and 700 °C) with two application rates (0.5 wt% and 3 wt%) to evaluate their impact on NH3 volatilization from rice paddy. Results showed that biochar application did not change NH3 volatilization fluxes pattern after N fertilization. Four biochar treatments recorded higher NH3 volatilization (20...
December 2, 2016: Chemosphere
Dun Fu, Zheng Chen, Dong Xia, Liang Shen, Yuanpeng Wang, Qingbiao Li
Solid digestate, a by-product of anaerobic digestion systems, has led to a range of environmental issues. In the present study, a novel composite based on a solid digestate-biochar-Cu NP composite was synthesized for tetracycline removal from an aqueous medium. The removal efficiency values for tetracycline (200 mg L(-1)) were 31.5% and 97.8%, respectively, by the biochar-Cu NP composite (0.5 g L(-1)) in the absence and presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, 20 mM) within 6 h of reaction time. The possible degradation pathway of tetracycline was investigated using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
December 1, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Patryk Oleszczuk, Michał Kołtowski
The aim of this study was to investigate co-application of biochar and nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) in order to increase the degradation of PAHs and reduce the toxicity of soils historically contaminated with these compounds. To performed the experiment biochar, biochar with nZVI (2 g kg(-1) or 10 g kg(-1) soil), or nZVI alone (2 g kg(-1) or 10 g kg(-1) soil) were added to the PAHs contaminated soils. The soils alone and soils with amendments were aged by mixing for 7 and 30 days. After that the chemical analysis were carried out and total (Ctot) and Cfree PAH content in the samples were determined...
December 1, 2016: Chemosphere
Salar Farhangi-Abriz, Shahram Torabian
Salinity damaged cellular membranes through overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), while osmolytes and antioxidant capacities play a vital role in protecting plants from salinity caused oxidative damages. Biochar also could alleviate the negative impacts of salt stress in crops. The pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of biochar on some antioxidant enzyme activities and osmolyte adjustments of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Derakhshan) under salinity stress. Bean plants were subjected to three salinity levels (non-saline, 6 and 12 dSm(-1) of NaCl) and biochar treatments (non-biochar, 10% and 20% total pot mass)...
December 1, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Ru Cai, Xin Wang, Xionghui Ji, Bo Peng, Changyin Tan, Xi Huang
In this study, the efficiency and mechanism of aqueous phosphate removal by magnetic biochar derived from water hyacinth (MW) were investigated. The MW pyrolyzed at 450 °C (MW450) exhibited the most prominent phosphate sorption capacity, which was estimated to be 5.07 mg g(-1) based on Langmuir-Freundlich model. At an initial phosphorus (P) concentration of 1 mg l(-1), >90% P removal was achieved over pH 3-9, but the efficiency decreased sharply at pH > 10. The presence of arsenate and carbonate could remarkably decrease P sorption, while the inhibition effects of antimonate, nitrate and sulfate were less significant...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Deok Hyun Moon, Inseong Hwang, Yoon-Young Chang, Agamemnon Koutsospyros, Kyung Hoon Cheong, Won Hyun Ji, Jeong-Hun Park
Biochar derived from waste plant materials and agricultural residues was used to improve the quality of an acidic soil. The acidic soil was treated for 1 month with both soy bean stover-derived biochar and oak-derived biochar in the range of 1 to 5 wt% for pH improvement and exchangeable cation enhancement. Following 1 month of treatment, the soil pH was monitored and exchangeable cations were measured. Moreover, a maize growth experiment was performed for 14 days with selected treated soil samples to confirm the effectiveness of the treatment...
December 1, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
A R M Nabiul Afrooz, Alexandria B Boehm
The presence of microbial contaminants in urban stormwater is a significant concern for public health; however, their removal by traditional stormwater biofilters has been reported as inconsistent and inadequate. Recent work has explored the use of biochar to improve performance of stormwater biofilters under simplified conditions that do not consider potential effects of biofilm development on filter media. The present study investigates the role of biofilm on microbial contaminant removal performance of stormwater biofilters...
2016: PloS One
Canlan Jiang, Hao Cai, Lulu Chen, Liwei Chen, Tianming Cai
Biochars derived from Pinus massoniana and Cunninghamia lanceolata trunks (abbreviated as PB and CB, respectively) were used to investigate their potential capabilities to improve lead (Pb(II)) and antibiotic florfenicol (FLO) immobilization in soil. Results shows that, after incubation for 60 days, the maximum adsorption capacities (Q m ) of biochar-treated soils (soil-PB and soil-CB) for Pb(II) was increased by 27 and 14 %, respectively, compared with pristine soil sample. In the case of FLO, however, the Q m of biochar-treated soils were enhanced by 266 and 206 % for soil-PB and soil-CB, respectively...
November 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Daniel A Bair, Fungai N D Mukome, Inna E Popova, Temitope A Ogunyoku, Allie Jefferson, Daoyuan Wang, Sarah C Hafner, Thomas M Young, Sanjai J Parikh
Agricultural practices are increasingly incorporating recycled waste materials, such as biosolids, to provide plant nutrients and enhance soil functions. Although biosolids provide benefits to soil, municipal wastewater treatment plants receive pharmaceuticals and heavy metals that can accumulate in biosolids, and land application of biosolids can transfer these contaminants to the soil. Environmental exposure of these contaminants may adversely affect wildlife, disrupt microbial communities, detrimentally affect human health through long-term exposure, and cause the proliferation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Hui Li, Yue-Feng Qiu, Xiao-Li Wang, Jie Yang, Yun-Jiang Yu, Ya-Qin Chen, Yong-di Liu
In this study, Ni/Fe nanoparticles supported by biochar to stimulate the reduction of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA) in groundwater remediation was investigated. In order to enhance the reactivity of ZVI (zero valent iron) nanoparticles, surface modification of ZVI was performed using nickel and biochar. The removal efficiency of 1,1,1-TCA increased from 42.3% to 99.3% as the biochar-to-Ni/Fe mass ratio increased from 0 to 1.0. However a higher biochar-to-Ni/Fe ratio showed little difference in the 1,1,1-TCA degradation efficiency...
November 26, 2016: Chemosphere
Krystyna Malińska, Małgorzata Golańska, Rafaela Caceres, Agnieszka Rorat, Patryk Weisser, Ewelina Ślęzak
Sewage sludge derived biochar (SSDB) was used as a supplementary material for municipal sewage sludge (SS) and wood chips mixtures (WC) treated by combined composting and vermicomposting. SSDB added to the mixture before composting resulted in significantly higher reproduction rate: on week 4 the number of cocoons increased by 213% when compared to the mixture with no biochar. On week 6 the average number of juveniles increased 11-fold in the mixture with biochar added before composting and 5-fold in the mixtures with biochar added after composting when compared to the mixture with no biochar...
November 15, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Thi Mai Vu, Van Tuyen Trinh, Dinh Phuong Doan, Huu Tap Van, Tien Vinh Nguyen, Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran, Huu Hao Ngo
Ammonium pollution in groundwater and surface water is of major concern in many parts of the world due to the danger it poses to the environment and people's health. This study focuses on the development of a low cost adsorbent, specifically a modified biochar prepared from corncob. Evaluated here is the efficiency of this new material for removing ammonium from synthetic water (ammonium concentration from 10 to 100mg/L). The characteristics of the modified biochar were determined by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) test, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
November 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Nadège Oustriere, Lilian Marchand, Nathalie Lottier, Mikael Motelica, Michel Mench
A 2-year pot experiment was carried out to examine the aging effect of biochar (B), alone or combined with iron grit (Z), on Cu stabilization and plant growth in a contaminated soil (964mg Cu kg(-1)) from a wood preservation site. The experiment consisted in 3 soil treatments, either planted with Arundo donax L. (Ad) or Populus nigra L. (Pn): (1) untreated Cu-contaminated soil (Ad, Pn); (2) Unt+1% (w/w) B (AdB, PnB), and (3) Unt+1% B+1% Z (AdBZ, PnBZ). After 22months, the soil pore water (SPW) was sampled and roots and shoots were harvested...
November 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Sander Bruun, Sarah L Harmer, Georgios Bekiaris, Wibke Christel, Lucia Zuin, Yongfeng Hu, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Enzo Lombi
Biochar application to agricultural land has been proposed as a means for improving phosphorus (P) availability in soil. The purpose of the current study was to understand how pyrolysis temperature affects P speciation in biochar and how this affects availability of P in the amended soil. Biochar was produced at different temperatures from digestate solids. The primary species of P in digestate solids were simple calcium phosphates. However, a high co-occurrence of magnesium (Mg) and P, indicated that struvite or other magnesium phosphates may also be important species...
November 22, 2016: Chemosphere
Imane Boumanchar, Younes Chhiti, Fatima Ezzahrae M'hamdi Alaoui, Amal El Ouinani, Abdelaziz Sahibed-Dine, Fouad Bentiss, Charafeddine Jama, Mohammed Bensitel
The heating value describes the energy content of any fuel. In this study, this parameter was evaluated for different abundant materials in Morocco (two types of biochar, plastic, synthetic rubber, and cardboard as municipal solid waste (MSW), and various types of biomass). Before the evaluation of their higher heating value (HHV) by a calorimeter device, the thermal behavior of these materials was investigated using thermogravimetric (TGA) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses. The focus of this work is to evaluate the calorific value of each material alone in a first time, then to compare the experimental and theoretical HHV of their mixtures in a second time...
November 21, 2016: Waste Management
Leilei Dai, Liangliang Fan, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan, Yunpu Wang, Yue Zhou, Yunfeng Zhao, Zhenting Yu
In this study, production of bio-oil and biochar from soapstock via microwave-assisted co-catalytic fast pyrolysis combining the advantages of in-situ and ex-situ catalysis was performed. The effects of catalyst and pyrolysis temperature on product fractional yields and bio-oil chemical compositions were investigated. From the perspective of bio-oil yield, the optimal pyrolysis temperature was 550°C. The use of catalysts reduced the water content, and the addition of bentonite increased the bio-oil yield. Up to 84...
November 9, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Chao Xu, Dong Wen, Qihong Zhu, Hanhua Zhu, Yangzhu Zhang, Daoyou Huang
Soil from an experimental paddy field in southern China was incubated with peanut shell biochar to investigate effects of this additive on the adsorption and desorption characteristics of Cd(II) using batch methods. Incorporation of biochar increased adsorption of Cd(II) by the paddy soil at 20, 25, and 30°C; this trend was apparent both with increasing quantities of biochar and rising temperature. Incorporation of biochar primarily enhanced the non-electrostatic adsorption of Cd(II). In addition, supplementation with biochar decreased the adsorption rate of Cd(II), which decreased with increasing quantities of biochar...
November 21, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Suraj Adebayo Opatokun, Lina F Yousef, Vladimir Strezov
The digestate (DFW) of an industrial food waste treatment plant was pyrolysed for production of biochar for its direct application as bio-fertilizer or soil enhancer. Nutrient dynamics and agronomic viability of the pyrolysed food waste digestate (PyD) produced at different temperatures were evaluated using germination index (GI), water retention/availability and mineral sorption as indicators when applied on arid soil. The pyrolysis was found to enrich P, K and other micronutrients in the biochar at an average enrichment factor of 0...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Jian Chen, Di Zhang, Huang Zhang, Saikat Ghosh, Bo Pan
The influence of carbon structure and mineral composition of biochar on fast adsorption and slow adsorption of ionic organic contaminants (IOCs) is still unclear. This study used carbamazepine (CBZ) as adsorbate, peanut-shell-derived biochars produced at different charred temperatures, and the corresponding acid-washed biochars as adsorbents, to investigate the adsorption kinetics as affected by carbon structure and mineral composition of biochar. The adsorption of CBZ on amorphous (loose) carbon was lower than aromatic (condensed) carbon, but the former mainly contributed to the fast adsorption of CBZ...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"