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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776431/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-methods-using-hospital-medical-records-a-case-study-in-vietnam
#1
Hong Thi Tran, Hoa Phuong Nguyen, Sue M Walker, Peter S Hill, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Information on causes of death (COD) is crucial for measuring the health outcomes of populations and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. In many countries such as Vietnam where the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system is dysfunctional, information on vital events will continue to rely on verbal autopsy (VA) methods. This study assesses the validity of VA methods used in Vietnam, and provides recommendations on methods for implementing VA validation studies in Vietnam...
May 18, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775770/treatment-of-ruptured-vertebral-artery-dissection-and-abdominal-hemorrhage-associated-with-segmental-arterial-mediolysis-using-endovascular-coil-embolization-va-dissection-associated-with-sam
#2
Taiki Isaji, Tomotaka Ohshima, Sigeru Miyachi, Naoki Matsuo, Reo Kawaguchi, Masakazu Takayasu
BACKGROUND: Segmental arterial mediolysis is a rare disease characterized by idiopathic noninflammatory vasculopathy involving small to medium arteries. Here, we report a case of ruptured cerebral and abdominal aneurysms, which were successfully treated using emergency endovascular coil embolization. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old male suffered subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by the rupture of the right vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm, which was treated using emergency endovascular coiling...
May 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770267/role-of-noninvasive-imaging-of-cerebral-arterial-system-in-ischemic-stroke-comparison-of-transcranial-color-coded-doppler-sonography-with-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#3
Betty Simon, Sunithi Elizabeth Mani, Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava, Mathew Alexander, Sanjith Aaron
Aim: To determine the accuracy of transcranial color-coded Doppler sonography (TCCS) in the evaluation of cerebral arterial system in patients with ischemic stroke attending a tertiary care hospital in South India. Objectives: (1) To describe the topographical distribution of atherosclerotic lesions in the cerebral circulation in patients presenting with ischemic stroke from the Indian subcontinent and (2) to determine the accuracy of TCCS for detection and quantification of intracranial stenoses in various segments of the intracerebral arterial system in comparison with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764898/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-in-a-contemporary-cohort-of-patients-with-acute-myocarditis-the-multicenter-lombardy-registry
#4
Enrico Ammirati, Manlio Cipriani, Claudio Moro, Claudia Raineri, Daniela Pini, Paola Sormani, Riccardo Mantovani, Marisa Varrenti, Patrizia Pedrotti, Cristina Conca, Antonio Mafrici, Aurelia Grosu, Daniele Briguglia, Silvia Guglielmetto, Giovanni Battista Perego, Stefania Colombo, Salvatore Ivan Caico, Cristina Giannattasio, Alberto Maestroni, Valentina Carubelli, Marco Metra, Carlo Lombardi, Jeness Campodonico, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Giovanni Peretto, Laura Scelsi, Annalisa Turco, Giuseppe Di Tano, Carlo Campana, Armando Belloni, Fabrizio Morandi, Andrea Mortara, Antonio Cirò, Michele Senni, Antonello Gavazzi, Maria Frigerio, Fabrizio Oliva, Paolo G Camici
Background -There is controversy regarding outcome of patients with acute myocarditis (AM), and lack of data on how patients admitted with suspected AM are managed. We report characteristics, in-hospital management and long-term outcome of patients with AM based on a retrospective multi-center registry from 19 Italian hospitals. Methods -A total of 684 patients with suspected AM and recent onset of symptoms (<30 days) were screened between May 2001 and February 2017. Patients >70 years and those older than 50 years without coronary angiography were excluded...
May 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746651/the-impact-of-the-veteran-s-affairs-medical-system-on-an-otolaryngology-residency-training-program
#5
Alexander Lanigan, Mark Spaw, Christopher Donaghe, Joseph Brennan
Introduction: The field of otolaryngology has become the leading specialty in the management of head and neck pathology and trauma. Graduate medical education programs tasked to train military head and neck surgeons within the Department of Defense (DoD) maintain certification by ensuring adequate surgical case volume and training. In recent years, surgical case numbers have declined due to an overall healthy active duty patient population and deployments of residency faculty. As such, a novel initiative between the San Antonio Military Medical Center and the South Texas Veteran's Healthcare system was developed to provide seamless care among active duty service members, dependents, retirees, and veterans...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742706/impact-of-presumed-service-connected-diagnosis-on-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-healthcare-utilization-patterns-of-vietnam-theater-veterans-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Dennis A Fried, Mangala Rajan, Chin-Lin Tseng, Drew Helmer
During the Vietnam War, the US military sprayed almost 20 million gallons of Agent Orange (AO), an herbicide contaminated with dioxin, over Vietnam. Approximately, 2.7 million US military personnel may have been exposed to AO during their deployment. Ordinarily, veterans who can demonstrate a nexus between a diagnosed condition and military service are eligible for Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) service-connected disability compensation. Vietnam Veterans have had difficulty, however, establishing a nexus between AO exposure and certain medical conditions that developed many years after the war...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742355/the-interaction-between-rural-urban-status-and-dual-use-status-among-veterans-with-heart-failure
#7
Kelly J Hunt, Mulugeta Gebregziahber, Charles J Everett, Paul A Heidenreich, Robert Neal Axon
INTRODUCTION: Dual healthcare system use is associated with higher rates of healthcare utilization, but the influence of rurality on this phenomenon is unclear. This study aimed to determine the extent to which rurality in the USA modifies the likelihood for acute healthcare use among veterans with heart failure (HF). METHODS: Using merged Veterans Affairs (VA), Medicare, and state-level administrative data, a retrospective cohort study of 4985 veterans with HF was performed...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734281/supporting-staff-through-a-complete-hospital-evacuation-and-extended-displacement-period
#8
Tamar Wyte-Lake, Anne R Griffin, Aram Dobalian
Complete hospital evacuations due to natural or man-made disasters can have repercussions on all levels of hospital operations. An extended displacement period following an evacuation exacerbates the situation. Retaining a healthy, employed workforce following a disaster is a crucial step in ensuring that a facility is effectively staffed when it returns to normal operations. In this article, the authors address the issue of staff support during evacuation and extended displacement by examining the actions taken by the leadership of the VA New York Harbor Health Care System, a Veterans Health Administration facility, in response to the evacuation and displacement caused by Superstorm Sandy in 2012...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728148/an-evidence-based-co-occurring-disorder-intervention-in-va-homeless-programs-outcomes-from-a-hybrid-iii-trial
#9
David A Smelson, Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Byrne, Sharon McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatment for co-occurring disorders is needed within programs that serve homeless Veterans to assist with increasing engagement in care and to prevent future housing loss. A specialized co-occurring disorders treatment engagement intervention called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach and Networking - Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) was implemented within the Housing and Urban Development - Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) Programs with and without an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO)...
May 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721702/first-100-consecutive-robotic-inguinal-hernia-repairs-at-a-veterans-affairs-hospital
#10
Alyssa K Kosturakis, Kathryn E LaRusso, Nels D Carroll, Michael B Nicholl
The utilization of robotics in general surgery has increased significantly including usage in the Veterans Affairs (VA) system. We implemented a robotic inguinal hernia repair (RIHR) program in our VA hospital and report on initial experience with safety and outcomes. The first 100 consecutive RIHR at a VA hospital were reviewed and compared against the results of contemporaneous open inguinal hernia repair (OIHR). Data were collected for operative characteristics, surgical complications and pain related outcomes...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719335/incidence-of-metastasis-and-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-at-diagnosis-in-gleason-3-4-versus-4-3-prostate-cancer
#11
Mohamed H Kamel, Mahmoud I Khalil, Wilson M Alobuia, Joseph Su, Rodney Davis
Aims: The aim is to assess for a difference in the incidence of metastasis (IM) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels at diagnosis in patients with Gleason score (GS) 3+4 versus 4+3 prostate cancer using a large veterans affairs database. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective review of 1402 medical records from 5 VA hospitals was conducted. The study period was from 2009 to 2014. Primary endpoints were IM and PSA levels at diagnosis. A secondary endpoint was overall survival...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718079/the-integrated-care-team-approach-of-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-va-geriatric-primary-care
#12
Donna Rasin-Waters, Valerie Abel, Lisa K Kearney, Antonette Zeiss
Historically, integrated mental and behavioral healthcare in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) commenced with initiatives in geriatrics. Innovation and system-wide expansion has occurred over decades and culminated in a unified vision for training and practice in the VA medical home model: Patient Aligned Care Team or PACT approach. In one VA hospital, the integration of neuropsychological services in geriatric primary care is pivotal and increases access for patients, as well as contributing to timely and effective care on an interprofessional team...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712566/powiff-prospective-study-of-wrist-internal-fixation-of-fracture-a-protocol-for-a-single-centre-superiority-randomised-controlled-trial-to-study-the-efficacy-of-the-vrp-2-0-distal-radius-plate-austofix-versus-the-va-lcp-depuy-synthes-for-distal-radius-fractures
#13
V D Varghese, Peter Smitham, Stuart Howell, Suzanne Edwards, Mark Rickman
BACKGROUND: Distal radial fractures are one of the most common orthopaedic cases that present to the A&E department. Surgical intervention is warranted in displaced intraarticular fractures and fractures with more than the recommended angulation or shortening, and is most commonly treated with volarly placed fixed angle locking plates. The aim of this study is to determine and compare the efficacy of two different plates for surgical treatment of distal radius fractures. The VRP 2...
April 30, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710234/association-of-postoperative-readmissions-with-surgical-quality-using-a-delphi-consensus-process-to-identify-relevant-diagnosis-codes
#14
Hillary J Mull, Laura A Graham, Melanie S Morris, Amy K Rosen, Joshua S Richman, Jeffery Whittle, Edith Burns, Todd H Wagner, Laurel A Copeland, Tyler Wahl, Caroline Jones, Robert H Hollis, Kamal M F Itani, Mary T Hawn
Importance: Postoperative readmission data are used to measure hospital performance, yet the extent to which these readmissions reflect surgical quality is unknown. Objective: To establish expert consensus on whether reasons for postoperative readmission are associated with the quality of surgery in the index admission. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a modified Delphi process, a panel of 14 experts in medical and surgical readmissions comprising physicians and nonphysicians from Veterans Affairs (VA) and private-sector institutions reviewed 30-day postoperative readmissions from fiscal years 2008 through 2014 associated with inpatient surgical procedures performed at a VA medical center between October 1, 2007, and September 30, 2014...
April 18, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708447/prevalence-and-predictors-of-tobacco-smoking-in-veterans-and-service-members-following-traumatic-brain-injury-rehabilitation-a-va-tbims-study
#15
Marc A Silva, Heather G Belanger, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Xinyu Tang, Tamara McKenzie-Hartman, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To identify prevalence and predictors of tobacco smoking among veterans and military service members (V/SM) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) admitted for rehabilitation. METHODS: Participants were drawn from the VA TBI Model Systems multicentre longitudinal research study. Tobacco smoking was assessed both preinjury and at 1- or 2-year post-TBI follow-up for 336 participants. RESULTS: Smoking prevalence was 32% preinjury and 28% at follow-up...
April 30, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705806/vancomycin-associated-acute-kidney-injury-with-a-steep-rise-in-serum-creatinine
#16
Juan Carlos Q Velez, Ndidiamaka O Obadan, Amit Kaushal, Mohammed Alzubaidi, Bhavna Bhasin, Sachin H Sachdev, Nithin Karakala, John M Arthur, Ross M Nesbit, Gautam M Phadke
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-associated (VA) acute kidney injury (AKI) is being increasingly recognized. A distinct pattern of rapid rise in serum creatinine (sCr) during VA-AKI has occasionally been observed. However, such scenarios remain underreported. METHODS: We conducted an online survey at the American Society of Nephrology Communities forum and reviewed publications of VA-AKI via PubMed or Google searching for cases of precipitous AKI (those with rise in sCr ≥1...
April 27, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698772/an-operations-partnered-evaluation-of-care-redesign-for-high-risk-patients-in-the-veterans-health-administration-vha-study-protocol-for-the-pact-intensive-management-pim-randomized-quality-improvement-evaluation
#17
Evelyn T Chang, Donna M Zulman, Steven M Asch, Susan E Stockdale, Jean Yoon, Michael K Ong, Martin Lee, Alissa Simon, David Atkins, Gordon Schectman, Susan R Kirsh, Lisa V Rubenstein
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered medical homes have made great strides providing comprehensive care for patients with chronic conditions, but may not provide sufficient support for patients at highest risk for acute care use. To address this, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) initiated a five-site demonstration project to evaluate the effectiveness of augmenting the VA's Patient Aligned Care Team (PACT) medical home with PACT Intensive Management (PIM) teams for Veterans at highest risk for hospitalization...
April 23, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696561/comparing-quality-of-care-in-veterans-affairs-and-non-veterans-affairs-settings
#18
Rebecca Anhang Price, Elizabeth M Sloss, Matthew Cefalu, Carrie M Farmer, Peter S Hussey
BACKGROUND: Congress, veterans' groups, and the press have expressed concerns that access to care and quality of care in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) settings are inferior to access and quality in non-VA settings. OBJECTIVE: To assess quality of outpatient and inpatient care in VA at the national level and facility level and to compare performance between VA and non-VA settings using recent performance measure data. MAIN MEASURES: We assessed Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs), 30-day risk-standardized mortality and readmission measures, and ORYX measures for inpatient safety and effectiveness; Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS®) measures for outpatient effectiveness; and Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Hospital Survey (HCAHPS) and Survey of Healthcare Experiences of Patients (SHEP) survey measures for inpatient patient-centeredness...
April 25, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691284/a-modified-algorithm-for-critical-congenital-heart-disease-screening-using-pulse-oximetry
#19
Christina L Diller, Michael S Kelleman, Kenneth G Kupke, Sharon C Quary, Lazaros K Kochilas, Matthew E Oster
: media-1vid110.1542/5727212367001PEDS-VA_2017-4065 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: Determine the performance of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) newborn screening algorithm and the impact of an alternative algorithm. METHODS: Screening was performed on term infants without a known CCHD diagnosis at or near 24 hours of age at a tertiary birth hospital by using the AAP algorithm from 2013 to 2016. Retrospective review from the birth hospital and the area's sole pediatric cardiac center identified true- and false-positives and true- and false-negatives...
May 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682232/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-vascular-dementia-epidemiologic-and-clinical-aspects
#20
Marcelo Antônio Oliveira Santos, Lucas Soares Bezerra, Carolina da Cunha Correia, Igor Silvestre Bruscky
Dementia is a general term for a heterogeneous group of organic neurodegenerative diseases. Cerebrovascular causes account for 20% of cases. Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological features of individuals aged >60 years diagnosed with vascular dementia (VD) or mixed dementia (MxD) in a referral hospital for dementia. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study was carried out from 2014 to 2017 involving elderly individuals (≥60 years) with VA or MxD...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
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