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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645619/supporting-and-caring-for-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-urology-practice
#1
REVIEW
L E Conard
INTRODUCTION: Gender identity is a person's internal sense of gender, which may be different than the sex they were assigned at birth. Pediatric urologists are starting to see more transgender and gender non-conforming (TGN) youth and need to be able to provide culturally competent and appropriate care for these patients and their caregivers. This review will discuss common transgender terminology, specific health concerns and treatment options. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A systematic literature review was performed on Medline(®), PubMed(®), and Google Scholar™ for key words transgender, gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644187/perioperative-blood-management-in-pediatric-spine-surgery
#2
Matthew E Oetgen, Jody Litrenta
Blood management strategies are integral to successful outcomes in many types of orthopaedic surgery. These strategies minimize blood loss and transfusion requirements, ultimately decreasing complications, improving outcomes, and potentially eliminating risks associated with allogeneic transfusion. Practices to achieve these goals include preoperative evaluation and optimization of hemoglobin, the use of pharmacologic agents or anesthetic methods, intraoperative techniques to improve hemostasis and cell salvage, and the use of predonated autologous blood...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631089/targeted-temperature-management-in-the-icu-guidelines-from-a-french-expert-panel
#3
REVIEW
Alain Cariou, Jean-François Payen, Karim Asehnoune, Gerard Audibert, Astrid Botte, Olivier Brissaud, Guillaume Debaty, Sandrine Deltour, Nicolas Deye, Nicolas Engrand, Gilles Francony, Stéphane Legriel, Bruno Levy, Philippe Meyer, Jean-Christophe Orban, Sylvain Renolleau, Bernard Vigue, Laure De Saint Blanquat, Cyrille Mathien, Lionel Velly
Over the recent period, the use of induced hypothermia has gained an increasing interest for critically ill patients, in particular in brain-injured patients. The term "targeted temperature management" (TTM) has now emerged as the most appropriate when referring to interventions used to reach and maintain a specific level temperature for each individual. TTM may be used to prevent fever, to maintain normothermia, or to lower core temperature. This treatment is widely used in intensive care units, mostly as a primary neuroprotective method...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624578/temporary-removal-accuracy-of-tests-for-antibodies-against-tissue-transglutaminase-in-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-without-biopsy
#4
K J Werkstetter, I R Korponay-Szabó, A Popp, V Villanacci, M Salemme, G Heilig, S T Lillevang, M L Mearin, C Ribes-Koninckx, A Thomas, R Troncone, B Filipiak, M Mäki, J Gyimesi, M Najafi, J Dolinšek, S Dydensborg Sander, R Auricchio, A Papadopoulou, A Vécsei, P Szitanyi, E Donat, R Nenna, Ph Alliet, F Penagini, H Garnier-Lengliné, G Castillejo, K Kurppa, R Shamir, A C Hauer, F Smets, S Corujeira, M van Winckel, S Buderus, S Chong, S Husby, S Koletzko
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620754/variation-in-pediatric-post-ablation-care-a%C3%A2-survey-of-the-pediatric-and%C3%A2-congenital-electrophysiology-society-paces
#5
Brynn E Dechert, Macdonald Dick, David J Bradley, Martin J LaPage
Although catheter ablation is a standard treatment for pediatric arrhythmias, there are no consensus guidelines for follow-up care. This study describes the variation in post-ablation practices identified through a survey of the pediatric and congenital electrophysiology society (PACES). Pediatric and congenital electrophysiology society members were invited to participate in an online survey of post-ablation practices in September 2014. Survey questions targeted routine post-ablation practices for three common arrhythmia substrates: atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia, concealed accessory pathways (AP), and manifest APs...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609315/the-role-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-simulation-training-at-extracorporeal-life-support-organization-centers-in-the-united-states
#6
Mark F Weems, Philippe S Friedlich, Lara P Nelson, Alyssa J Rake, Laura Klee, James E Stein, Theodora A Stavroudis
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) requires a multidisciplinary healthcare team. The Extracorporeal Life Support Organization publishes training guidelines but leaves specific requirements up to each institution. Simulation training has shown promise, but it is unclear how many institutions have incorporated simulation techniques into ECMO training to date. METHODS: We sent an electronic survey to ECMO coordinators at Extracorporeal Life Support Organization sites in the United States...
June 12, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607213/consensus-guidelines-on-evaluation-and-management-of-the-febrile-child-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-india
#7
Prashant Mahajan, Prerna Batra, Neha Thakur, Reena Patel, Narendra Rai, Nitin Trivedi, Bernhard Fassl, Binita Shah, Marie Lozon, Rockerfeller A Oteng, Abhijeet Saha, Dheeraj Shah, Sagar Galwankar
JUSTIFICATION: No country-specific, evidence-based, consensus approach for the emergency department (ED) evaluation and management of the febrile child exist in India. PROCESS: We held two consensus meetings, performed an exhaustive literature review, and held ongoing web-based based discussions to arrive at a formal consensus on the proposed evaluation and management algorithm. The first meeting was held in Delhi in October 2015, under the auspices of Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM) Section of Academic College of Emergency Experts in India (ACEE-INDIA); and the second meeting was conducted at Pune during Emergency Medical Pediatrics and Recent Trends (EMPART 2016) in March 2016...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604995/improving-healthcare-in-pediatric-oncology-development-and-testing-of-multiple-indicators-to-evaluate-a-hub-and-spoke-model
#8
Giulia Zucchetti, Nicoletta Bertorello, Angela Angelastro, Paola Gianino, Gianni Bona, Affif Barbara, Luigi Besenzon, Adalberto Brach Del Prever, Fernando Pesce, Marco Nangeroni, Franca Fagioli
PURPOSE: The hub-and-spoke is a new innovation model in healthcare that has been adopted in some countries to manage rare pathologies. We developed a set of indicators to assess current quality practices of the hub-and-spoke model adopted in the Interregional Pediatric Oncology Network in Northwest Italy and to promote patient, family, and professional healthcare empowerment. METHODS: Literature and evidence-based clinical guidelines were reviewed and multiprofessional team workshops were carried out to highlight some important issues on healthcare in pediatric oncology and to translate them into a set of multiple indicators...
June 6, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599967/challenging-surgical-dogma-in-the-management-of-proximal-esophageal-atresia-with-distal-tracheoesophageal-fistula-outcomes-from-the-midwest-pediatric-surgery-consortium
#9
Dave R Lal, Samir K Gadepalli, Cynthia D Downard, Daniel J Ostlie, Peter C Minneci, Ruth M Swedler, Thomas H Chelius, Laura Cassidy, Cooper T Rapp, Deborah Billmire, Steven Bruch, R Carland Burns, Katherine J Deans, Mary E Fallat, Jason D Fraser, Julia Grabowski, Ferdynand Hebel, Michael A Helmrath, Ronald B Hirschl, Rashmi Kabre, Jonathan Kohler, Matthew P Landman, Charles M Leys, Grace Z Mak, Jessica Raque, Beth Rymeski, Jacqueline M Saito, Shawn D St Peter, Daniel von Allmen, Brad W Warner, Thomas T Sato
PURPOSE: Perioperative management of infants with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) is frequently based on surgeon experience and dogma rather than evidence-based guidelines. This study examines whether commonly perceived important aspects of practice affect outcome in a contemporary multi-institutional cohort of patients undergoing primary repair for the most common type of esophageal atresia anomaly, proximal EA with distal TEF. METHODS: The Midwest Pediatric Surgery Consortium conducted a multicenter, retrospective study examining selected outcomes on infants diagnosed with proximal EA with distal TEF who underwent primary repair over a 5-year period (2009-2014), with a minimum 1-year follow up, across 11 centers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595766/improving-universal-pediatric-lipid-screening
#10
Kathleen DeSantes, Ann Dodge, Jens Eickhoff, Amy L Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the release of national guidelines, electronic health record (EHR) modifications, and educational initiatives correlated with changes in pediatricians' universal lipid screening practices. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of EHRs in an academic general pediatric practice was performed to measure the prevalence of order placement. A child was "screened" if an order was placed during a well-visit between 9 and 21 years of age. The prevalence of order placement for lipid screens on 22 374 patients from January 2010 to December 2015 was analyzed for date of order and patient age, then compared with timing of guidelines, local educational initiatives, and EHR modifications...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594525/update-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections-when-it-is-when-it-isn-t-and-what-to-do
#11
Alexandre Arkader, Christopher M Brusalis, William C Warner, James H Conway, Kenneth Noonan
Musculoskeletal infections, including osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and pyomyositis, are a substantial cause of morbidity in children and adolescents. The increased virulence of infectious agents and the increased prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, have resulted in a more complicated clinical course for diagnosis and management, which is evidenced by an increased length of hospital stays, incidence of complications, and number of surgical interventions...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593864/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-egg-and-milk-immunotherapy-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-ii
#12
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cow´s milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Treatments such as oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guides on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. Objectives: To develop a clinical guide on OIT based on the available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published in the period between 1984 and June 2016, Doctoral Theses published in Spain, and summaries of communications at congresses (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, AAAAI), with evaluation of the opinion consensus established by a group of experts pertaining to the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593863/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-egg-and-milk-immunotherapy-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-i
#13
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cow´s milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Treatments such as oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guides on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. Objectives: To develop a clinical guide on OIT based on the available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published in the period between 1984 and June 2016, Doctoral Theses published in Spain, and summaries of communications at congresses (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, AAAAI), with evaluation of the opinion consensus established by a group of experts pertaining to the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592480/implementing-family-centered-care-through-facilitated-sensemaking
#14
Judy E Davidson, Sidney Zisook
The Society of Critical Care Medicine has released updated recommendations for care of the family in neonatal, pediatric, and adult intensive care units. Translation of the recommendations into practice may benefit from a supporting theoretical framework. Facilitated sensemaking is a mid-range theory built from the same literature that formed the basis for recommendations within the guidelines. The process of facilitated sensemaking may be used to help nurses adopt the SCCM recommendations into practice through the development of caring relationships, promoting family presence, teaching family engagement strategies, and supporting families with communication, information gathering, and participation in decision-making...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592406/factors-influencing-practice-variation-in-the-management-of-nephrotic-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-pediatric-nephrology-care-providers
#15
Susan M Samuel, Rachel Flynn, Michael Zappitelli, Allison Dart, Rulan Parekh, Maury Pinsk, Cherry Mammen, Andrew Wade, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Treatment protocols for childhood nephrotic syndrome are highly variable between providers and care centres. We conducted a qualitative study to understand the complex multilevel processes that lead to practice variation and influence provider management of nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: Focus groups with multidisciplinary pediatric nephrology care providers (n = 67) from 10 Canadian pediatric nephrology centres that had more than 1 pediatric nephrologist were conducted between September 2013 and April 2015...
June 7, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590353/proposed-clinical-pathway-for-non-operative-management-of-high-grade-pediatric-pancreatic-injuries-based-on-a-multicenter-analysis-a-pediatric-trauma-society-collaborative
#16
Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Eric H Rosenfeld, Adam Vogel, Ankush Gosain, Randall Burd, Richard A Falcone, Rajan Thakkar, Barbara Gaines, David Mooney, Mauricio Escobar, Mubeen Jafri, Anthony Stallion, Denise B Klinkner, Robert Russell, Brendan Campbell, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey Upperman, David Juang, Shawn St Peter, Stephon J Fenton, Marianne Beaudin, Hale Wills, Stephanie Polites, Adam Pattyn, Christine Leeper, Laura V Veras, Ilan Maizlin, Shefali Thaker, Alexis Smith, Megan Waddell, Joseph Drews, James Gilmore, Lindsey Armstrong, Alexis Alex Ler, Suzanne Moody, Brandon Behrens, Laurence Carmant
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for non-operative management (NOM) of high-grade pancreatic injuries in children have not been established, and wide practice variability exists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate common clinical strategies across multiple pediatric trauma centers in order to develop a consensus-based standard clinical pathway. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective review was conducted of children with high-grade (AAST grade III-V) pancreatic injuries treated with NOM between 2010-15...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586453/response-to-letter-pediatric-obesity-assessment-treatment-and-prevention-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#17
Dennis M Styne, Silva A Arslanian, Ellen L Connor, Ismaa Sadaf Farooqi, M Hassan Murad, Janet H Silverstein, Jack A Yanovski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586452/letter-to-the-editor-pediatric-obesity-assessment-treatment-and-prevention-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#18
Geoff D C Ball, Arnaldo Perez, James D Nobles, Nicholas D Spence, Joseph A Skelton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585878/practical-considerations-on-the-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-pediatrics-and-older-adults-and-nonadjunctive-use
#19
Gregory P Forlenza, Nicholas B Argento, Lori M Laffel
Clinical use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices has grown over the past 15 years from a niche concept to becoming standard of care for patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). With the December 2016 Food and Drug Administration approval for diabetes treatment decisions directly from CGM values (nonadjunctive use) without finger-stick confirmation, the uptake and scope of CGM use will likely further expand. With this expansion, it is important to consider the role and impact of CGM technology in specific settings and high-risk populations, such as the young and the elderly...
June 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585354/-real-world-pediatric-endocrine-practice-how-much-is-it-influenced-by-physician-s-gender-and-region-of-practice-results-of-an-international-survey
#20
Keren Smuel, Yonatan Yeshayahu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hormonal treatments for frequent clinical cases (short stature, delayed and precocious puberty) are prescribed strictly according to clinical guidelines or based on personal tendencies, and whether the decisions correlate with physician's personal demographics (age, sex, and place of practice). METHODS: Cross-sectional survey, with made-up clinical cases, distributed to pediatric endocrinologists using 2 web-based professional forums, Israeli and an international...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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