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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785984/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-iii-ophthalmology-residency-training-in-india-then-and-now-improving-with-time
#1
Partha Biswas, Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Quresh Badr Maskati, Sundaram Natarajan, Lalit Verma, Payal K Bansal
Purpose: To gauge the differences in ophthalmology residency training, academic, clinical and surgical, in the last three decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, in 2014-2016, using a prevalidated questionnaire, which was circulated to ophthalmologists to gauge the practicality of the teaching protocols of clinical and surgical skills during postgraduate residency program...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755818/retinal-angiomatous-proliferation-multimodal-imaging-characteristics-and-follow-up-with-eye-tracked-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-of-precursor-lesions
#2
Zafer Öztaş, Jale Menteş
Objectives: To present the multimodal imaging characteristics of precursor retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) lesions and follow-up results with eye-tracked spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Materials and Methods: Six eyes of 6 patients aged 77.5±5.9 years diagnosed with precursor RAP lesion were included in this prospective observational case series. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement and complete ophthalmologic examination were performed for all subjects, as well as fundus photography (FP), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), SD-OCT, fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and their long-term follow-up results are presented...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749240/why-is-it-necessary-to-examine-retina-when-the-patient-suffers-from-aplastic-anemia
#3
D Tomcikova, A Gerinec, B Busanyova, M Gresikova, S Biskup, K Hortnagel
PURPOSES: To inform about a case of Revesz syndrome (RS) with initial ophthalmological symptomatology of severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy of the left eye (LE). After the aplastic anemia had developed, RS was established. The exudative retinopathy was successfully treated with photocoagulation on the right eye (RE). BACKGROUND: RS is characterized by fatal bone marrow failure, exudative retinopathy, neuroradiographic abnormalities, neurodevelopmental delay and skin abnormalities...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699981/microaneurysm-turnover-is-a-predictor-of-diabetic-retinopathy-progression
#4
Rajeev K R Pappuru, Luísa Ribeiro, Conceição Lobo, Dalila Alves, José Cunha-Vaz
AIM: To analyse retinopathy phenotypes and microaneurysm (MA) turnover in mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) as predictors of progression to diabetic central-involved macular oedema (CIMO) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in two different ethnic populations. METHODS: 205 patients with type 2 DM and mild NPDR were followed in a prospective observational study for 2 years or until development of CIMO, in two centres from different regions of the world...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686914/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-purtscher-retinopathy-after-severe-traffic-accident-in-16-year-old-boy
#5
Hassan Hamoudi, Marie Krogh Nielsen, Torben Lykke Sørensen
Purpose: To describe optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (OCTA) in a case of Purtscher retinopathy. Methods: A 16-year-old male underwent ophthalmological examination including color fundus photography, spectral domain OCT, OCTA, and microperimetry. Examination was performed 10 days, 1 month, and 6 months after the trauma. Diagnosis was based on the characteristic clinical presentation. Patients: A single patient case. Results: Only the right eye was affected, and all examinations of the left eye were normal...
2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661534/a-new-chlorin-formulation-promotes-efficient-photodynamic-action-in-choriocapillaris-of-rabbit-s-eyes
#6
Gustavo H A Salomao, Adjaci U Fernandes, Mauricio S Baptista, João Paulo Tardivo, Stella Gianssante, Juliana Mora Veridiano, Olga Maria S Toledo, Giuliana Petri, Denise Maria Christofolini, João Antonio Correa
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as well as other choroidal diseases, demand novel therapeutic methods. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which uses light and photosensitizer (PS) to cause specific vascular occlusion in the macula, is an interesting alternative. The only drug approved for the PDT treatment of AMD (Verteporfin) has a natural tendency to aggregate, demanding an expensive separation procedure during purification. We report a novel and affordable PS that is intrinsically protected against aggregation, the Monomeric Chlorin at High Concentration (MCHC-Chlorin), whose liposomal formulation was developed to provoke effective photodynamic action on the choroidal vasculature...
June 1, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655617/novel-treatment-of-papillomatous-conjunctival-lesions-using-pattern-scanning-laser-photocoagulation-1-year-results
#7
R N Belfort, J Isenberg, A G Castillejos, R Sant'ana, A O Romano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and 1-year effect of pattern scanning laser photocoagulation treatment for pedunculated papillomatous and sessile conjunctival lesions in a low-resource setting with extremely limited operating room access. METHODS: Adult patients with clinical diagnosis of conjunctival papilloma underwent complete ophthalmologic exam including anterior segment photography. After topical anesthesia and toluidine blue 1% instillation, the lesion was treated by pattern scanning photocoagulation using a duration time that varied from 20 to 100 ms and power from 600 to 1800 mW, treating the entire lesion surface with a 2 mm margin...
April 12, 2018: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580111/the-african-american-eye-disease-study-design-and-methods
#8
Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Alicia Fairbrother-Crisp, Mina Torres, Carlos Lastra, Farzana Choudhury, Xuejuan Jiang, Bruce Burkemper, Rohit Varma
PURPOSE: To describe the study design, operational and recruitment strategies, procedures, and baseline characteristics of the African American Eye Disease Study (AFEDS), a population-based assement of the prevalence of visual impairment, ocular disease, visual function, and health-related quality of life in African Americans. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study included over 6000 African Americans 40 years and older residing in and around Inglewood, California...
March 26, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576900/three-cases-of-congenital-retinal-macrovessel-one-coexisting-with-cilioretinal-artery
#9
Bayram Gülpamuk, Pınar Kaya, Mehmet Yasin Teke
In this report, we describe three cases of retinal macrovessel. Two of the three patients presented to our clinic for annual eye exam and had no visual complaints. The third patient presented because of vision loss in the left eye. Two patients had 20/20 best corrected visual acuity in both eyes and the third patient had 20/20 in the right eye, 20/25 in the left eye. Pupillary exams were normal. Slit-lamp examinations of the anterior segment were unremarkable. Fundus examination revealed macrovessels in the left eyes of two patients and in the right eye of one patient...
February 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549426/prevalence-of-choroidal-nevus-and-retinal-pigment-epithelial-alterations-in-vitiligo-patients
#10
Efrat Fleissig, Mor Pavlovksy, Anat Loewenstein, Dinah Zur, Hadas Newman, Shay Keren, Dafna Goldenberg, Efrat Bar-Ilan, Michaella Goldstein
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular manifestations in patients with vitiligo by multimodal imaging, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), color fundus photography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). METHODS: In this prospective, observational clinical study, vitiligo patients underwent ophthalmologic and dermatologic clinical assessment and imaging by spectral-domain OCT, FAF, and color fundus imaging. Ocular echography was performed as indicated. Statistical analysis was performed using paired T test and Pearson correlation...
May 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510401/subclinical-macular-edema-as-a-predictor-of-progression-to-central-involved-macular-edema-in-type-2-diabetes
#11
Conceição Lobo, Isabel Pires, Dalila Alves, Rajeev Pappuru, Luísa Ribeiro, José Cunha-Vaz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between subclinical diabetic macular edema (SCME) and the development of central-involved macular edema (CIME) in patients with diabetes mellitus type-2 and mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), from 2 populations of different ethnicities. METHODS: Two hundred and five patients with diabetes mellitus type-2 and mild NPDR with no prior laser or intravitreal treatment were followed for 2 years or until the development of CIME...
March 6, 2018: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444552/optometry-facilitated-teleophthalmology-an-audit-of-the-first-year-in-western-australia
#12
Stephen E Bartnik, Stephen P Copeland, Angela J Aicken, Angus W Turner
BACKGROUND: Lions Outback Vision has run a state-wide teleophthalmology service since 2011. In September 2015 the Australian federal government introduced a Medicare reimbursement for optometry-facilitated teleophthalmology consultations under specific circumstances. This audit demonstrates the first 12 months experience with this scheme. We aim to provide practical insights for others looking to embed a telemedicine program as part of delivering outreach clinical services. METHODS: A 12-month retrospective audit was performed between September 2015 and August 2016, inclusive...
February 14, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429256/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-hospital-patients
#13
Y Zhang, M Niu, Y Li, J Wang, B Qu, C X Zheng, P Huang, W H Yu
Objective: To analyze the prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in ophthalmic patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed. Diabetic patients who were admitted to Department of Ophthalmology, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Muping between October 2012 and June 2013 were included. General information and medical history were obtained from each subject by questionaires. Laboratory and detailed ophthalmic examinations were performed during the study. DR was diagnosed and graded by mydriatic fundus photography...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338133/pimasertib-associated-ophthalmological-adverse-events
#14
Elon H C van Dijk, Wim H J Kruit, Martine J Jager, Gregorius P M Luyten, Johannes R Vingerling, Camiel J F Boon
PURPOSE: To analyse ophthalmological adverse events associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibition with pimasertib treatment for metastatic cutaneous melanoma (CM). METHODS: In this prospective observational, cohort-based, cross-sectional study, eight patients treated with the MEK inhibitor pimasertib received a complete ophthalmic examination. This included Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity, visual field testing, colour vision testing, slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometry, indirect ophthalmoscopy, digital colour fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332119/autofluorescence-of-skin-advanced-glycation-end-products-as-a-risk-factor-for-open-angle-glaucoma-the-alienor-study
#15
Cedric Schweitzer, Audrey Cougnard-Gregoire, Vincent Rigalleau, Jean-Francois Dartigues, Florence Malet, Marie-Benedicte Rougier, Marie-Noelle Delyfer, Catherine Helmer, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cecile Delcourt
Purpose: To analyze the association between skin autofluorescence (sAF), estimating tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and open angle glaucoma (OAG) in an elderly population. Methods: The Antioxydants, Lipides Essentiels, Nutrition and maladies OculaiRes (ALIENOR) study is an on-going epidemiologic population-based study on age-related eye diseases. In 2009 to 2010, 624 subjects, aged 74 years or older, were recruited. All subjects underwent a complete eye examination, including optic disc color photography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) examination...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304264/propranolol-for-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#16
Andrew M Hendrick, Jeremy A Lavine, Amitha Domalpally, Amol D Kulkarni, Michael S Ip
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of propranolol on retinal neovascularization due to proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this prospective pilot, interventional, case series, patients with diabetes with PDR (n = 10 subjects; 12 eyes) were recruited at the ophthalmology clinic of the University of Wisconsin - Madison. Subjects were administered oral propranolol for 12 weeks and retinopathy and area of retinal neovascularization were monitored with fundus photography and fluorescein angiography (FA)...
January 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303881/association-between-optic-disc-hemorrhage-and-renal-function-in-south-korea
#17
Jae Yeun Lee, Joon Mo Kim, Seong Hee Shim, Jin Young Lee, Chungkwon Yoo, Yu Sam Won, Young Youl Hyun, Ki Ho Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between renal function and disc hemorrhage (DH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Health Screening Center between August 2012 and July 2013, and a total of 168,044 participants at least 20 years of age who voluntarily visited the health screening center for systemic and ophthalmologic examinations, including fundus photography, were enrolled...
March 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276052/nonsyndromic-retinitis-pigmentosa-in-the-ashkenazi-jewish-population-genetic-and-clinical-aspects
#18
Adva Kimchi, Samer Khateb, Rong Wen, Ziqiang Guan, Alexey Obolensky, Avigail Beryozkin, Shoshi Kurtzman, Anat Blumenfeld, Eran Pras, Samuel G Jacobson, Tamar Ben-Yosef, Hadas Newman, Dror Sharon, Eyal Banin
PURPOSE: To analyze the genetic and clinical findings in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients of Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) descent, aiming to identify genotype-phenotype correlations. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Retinitis pigmentosa patients from 230 families of AJ origin. METHODS: Sanger sequencing was performed to detect specific founder mutations known to be prevalent in the AJ population. Ophthalmologic analysis included a comprehensive clinical examination, visual acuity (VA), visual fields, electroretinography, color vision testing, and retinal imaging by OCT, pseudocolor, and autofluorescence fundus photography...
May 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199884/congenital-cavitary-optic-disc-anomaly-and-axenfeld-s-anomaly-in-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Mohsin H Ali, Nathalie F Azar, Vinay Aakalu, Felix Y Chau, Javaneh Abbasian, Pete Setabutr, Irene H Maumenee
BACKGROUND: Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome caused by a heterozygous deletion on chromosome 4p16.3 and is characterized by a "Greek warrior helmet" facies, hypotonia, developmental delay, seizures, structural central nervous system defects, intrauterine growth restriction, sketelal anomalies, cardiac defects, abnormal tooth development, and hearing loss. A variety of ocular manifestations may occur in up to 40% of patients. MATERIALS/METHODS: We report the genetic testing results, systemic findings, and complete ophthalmologic examination findings in a patient with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, including external photography, RetCam3 (Clarity Medical Systems, Pleasonton, CA) goniography, and fundus photography...
April 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190234/familial-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#20
Elon H C van Dijk, Rosa L Schellevis, Myrte B Breukink, Danial Mohabati, Greet Dijkman, Jan E E Keunen, Suzanne Yzer, Anneke I den Hollander, Carel B Hoyng, Eiko K de Jong, Camiel J F Boon
PURPOSE: To assess ophthalmologic characteristics in patients and unaffected individuals in families with multiple members affected by central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), both at presentation and long-term follow-up. METHODS: In 103 subjects from 23 families with at least 2 affected patients with CSC per family, prospective extensive ophthalmologic examination was performed, including best-corrected visual acuity, indirect ophthalmoscopy, digital color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, and fluorescein angiography imaging...
November 28, 2017: Retina
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