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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342423/does-bed-rest-or-fluid-supplementation-prevent-post-dural-puncture-headache
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael D April, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342407/vitamin-d-and-iron-deficiencies-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
C Le Roy, S Barja, C Sepúlveda, M L Guzmán, M Olivarez, M J Figueroa, M Alvarez
INTRODUCTION: Children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) are at a greater risk of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Two deficiencies that we can study and treat are vitaminD (VD) and iron deficiencies; however, no studies have described these deficiencies in Chile. OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of VD and iron in patients with CP and evaluate the relationship with certain factors associated with deficiencies of these micronutrients. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study including 69 patients aged between 2 and 21years, from two public hospitals...
January 13, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#3
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342166/effects-of-vitamin-d-on-insulin-resistance-and-myosteatosis-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#4
Elisa Benetti, Raffaella Mastrocola, Fausto Chiazza, Debora Nigro, Giuseppe D'Antona, Valentina Bordano, Roberto Fantozzi, Manuela Aragno, Massimo Collino, Marco Alessandro Minetto
Epidemiological studies pointed out to a strong association between vitamin D deficiency and type 2 diabetes prevalence. However, the role of vitamin D supplementation in the skeletal muscle, a tissue that play a crucial role in the maintenance of glucose homeostasis, has been scarcely investigated so far. On this basis, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation in a murine model of diet-induced insulin resistance with particular attention to the effects evoked on the skeletal muscle...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342090/development-of-databases-on-iodine-in-foods-and-dietary-supplements
#5
REVIEW
Abby G Ershow, Sheila A Skeaff, Joyce M Merkel, Pamela R Pehrsson
Iodine is an essential micronutrient required for normal growth and neurodevelopment; thus, an adequate intake of iodine is particularly important for pregnant and lactating women, and throughout childhood. Low levels of iodine in the soil and groundwater are common in many parts of the world, often leading to diets that are low in iodine. Widespread salt iodization has eradicated severe iodine deficiency, but mild-to-moderate deficiency is still prevalent even in many developed countries. To understand patterns of iodine intake and to develop strategies for improving intake, it is important to characterize all sources of dietary iodine, and national databases on the iodine content of major dietary contributors (including foods, beverages, water, salts, and supplements) provide a key information resource...
January 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341890/periodontal-diseases-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d
#6
REVIEW
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Peace Uwambaye, Moses Isyagi, Chrispinus H Mumena, Alice Hudder, Afrozul Haq, Kamrun Nessa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Studies have shown a relationship between maternal periodontal diseases (PDs) and premature delivery. PDs are commonly encountered oral diseases which cause progressive damage to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bones, leading to loss of teeth and oral disabilities. PDs also adversely affect general health by worsening cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Moreover, maternal PDs are thought to be related to increasing the frequency of preterm-birth with low birth weight (PBLBW) new-borns. Prematurity and immaturity are the leading causes of prenatal and infant mortality and is a major public health problem around the world...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341861/genome-wide-survey-reveals-dynamic-effects-of-folate-supplement-on-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-during-c2c12-differentiation
#7
Yi Li, Qiang Feng, Miao Guo, Yuding Wang, Yunliang Jiang, Jinyi Xing
Folic acid supplements during pregnancy can prevent neural tube defects and other developmental abnormalities. Here, we explored the effects of folate supplement on gene expression and DNA methylation during C2C12 differentiation. Based on the folic acid concentration, this study comprised three groups: low folate (L), normal folate (N), and high-folate supplement (H). Our analyses revealed that differentiation and the mRNA expression of myogenin in C2C12 cell were enhanced by folic acid, however, the overall methylation percentage in myogenin promoter between different treatment groups was not significantly different (P>0...
January 12, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#8
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341857/development-of-visibility-forecasting-modelling-framework-for-the-lower-fraser-valley-of-british-columbia-using-canada-s-regional-air-quality-deterministic-prediction-system
#9
Rita So, Andrew Teakles, Jonathan Baik, Roxanne Vingarzan, Keith Jones
Visibility degradation, one of the most noticeable indicators of poor air quality, can occur despite relatively low levels of particulate matter when the risk to human health is low. The availability of timely and reliable visibility forecasts can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the anticipated air quality conditions to better inform local jurisdictions and the public. This paper describes the development of a visibility forecasting modelling framework, which leverages the existing air quality and meteorological forecasts from Canada's operational Regional Air Quality Deterministic Prediction System (RAQDPS) for the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341855/probabilistic-assessment-of-the-potential-indoor-air-impacts-of-vent-free-gas-heating-appliances-in-energy-efficient-homes-in-the-united-states
#10
Gary K Whitmyre, Muhilan D Pandian
Use of vent-free gas heating appliances for supplemental heating in U.S. homes is increasing. However, there is currently a lack of information on the potential impact of these appliances on indoor air quality for homes constructed according to energy-efficient and green building standards. A probabilistic analysis was conducted to estimate the impact of vent-free gas heating appliances on indoor air concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor, and oxygen in "tight" energy-efficient homes in the U...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341851/underutilization-of-supplemental-magnetic-resonance-imaging-screening-among-patients-at-high-breast-cancer-risk
#11
Randy Miles, Fei Wan, Tracy L Onega, Amanda Lenderink-Carpenter, Ellen S O'Meara, Weiwei Zhu, Louise M Henderson, Jennifer S Haas, Deirdre A Hill, Anna N A Tosteson, Karen J Wernli, Jennifer Alford-Teaster, Janie M Lee, Constance D Lehman, Christoph I Lee
BACKGROUND: Women at high lifetime breast cancer risk may benefit from supplemental breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening, in addition to routine mammography screening for earlier cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 422,406 women undergoing routine mammography screening across 86 Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC) facilities during calendar year 2012. We determined availability and use of on-site screening breast MRI services based on woman-level characteristics, including >20% lifetime absolute risk using the National Cancer Institute risk assessment tool...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341587/fucoidan-prolongs-the-circulation-time-of-dextran-coated-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#12
Maha R A Abdollah, Thomas J Carter, Clare Jones, Tammy L Kalber, Vineeth Rajkumar, Berend Tolner, Cordula Gruettner, May Zaw-Thin, Julia Baguña Torres, Matthew Ellis, Mathew Robson, R Barbara Pedley, Paul Mulholland, Rafael T M de Rosales, Kerry Ann Chester
The magnetic properties and safety of dextran-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have facilitated their clinical use as MRI contrast agents and stimulated research on applications for SPIONs in particle imaging and magnetic hyperthermia. The wider clinical potential of SPIONs, however, has been limited by their rapid removal from circulation via the reticuloendothelial system (RES). We explored the possibility of extending SPION circulatory time using fucoidan, a seaweed-derived food supplement, to inhibit RES uptake...
January 17, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341488/gene-gene-interaction-between-msx1-and-tp63-in-asian-case-parent-trios-with-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate
#13
Dongjing Liu, Holger Schwender, Mengying Wang, Hong Wang, Ping Wang, Hongping Zhu, Zhibo Zhou, Jing Li, Tao Wu, Terri H Beaty
BACKGROUND: Small ubiquitin-like modification, also known as sumoylation, is a crucial post-translational regulatory mechanisms involved in development of the lip and palate. Recent studies reported two sumoylation target genes, MSX1 and TP63, to have achieved genome-wide level significance in tests of association with nonsyndromic clefts. Here, we performed a candidate gene analysis considering gene-gene and gene-environment interaction for SUMO1, MSX1, and TP63 to further explore the etiology of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P)...
January 17, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341456/iron-pill-aspiration-cytologic-and-histologic-findings-of-a-potential-life-threatening-airway-injury-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Vanessa Henriques, Diogo Costa Santos, Graça Lérias, Lucília Cáceres Monteiro
Iron pill-induced injury of bronchial mucosa is a complication following accidental aspiration of an iron tablet. Oral iron supplementation is a common therapy, particularly among advanced-age patients, who are more prone to aspiration. However, iron pill aspiration has been rarely reported in the literature, usually under the format of short case reports, with only 32 cases published in the literature. The cytologic features suspicious for this rare but potentially lethal entity have been seldom described...
January 16, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341416/resveratrol-influences-pancreatic-islets-by-opposing-effects-on-electrical-activity-and-insulin-release
#15
Simone Brouwer, Theresa Hoffmeister, Anne Gresch, Lisa Schönhoff, Martina Düfer
SCOPE: Resveratrol is suggested to improve glycemic control by activation of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and has already been tested clinically. Our investigation characterizes the targets of resveratrol in pancreatic beta cells and their contribution to short- and long-term effects on insulin secretion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Islets or beta cells were isolated from C57Bl/6N mice. Electrophysiology was performed with microelectrode arrays and patch-clamp technique, insulin secretion and content were determined by radioimmunoassay, cAMP was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and cytosolic Ca2+ concentration by fluorescence methods...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341336/identification-of-perioperative-pulmonary-aspiration-in-children-using-quality-assurance-and-hospital-administrative-billing-data
#16
Lisa Eisler, Grace Huang, Ka-Eun M Lee, Jennifer A Busse, Ming Sun, Albert Y Lin, Lena S Sun, Caleb Ing
BACKGROUND: Perioperative aspiration is a rare but potentially devastating complication, occurring in 1-10 per 10 000 anesthetics based on studies of quality assurance databases. Quality assurance reporting is known to underestimate the incidence of adverse outcomes, but few large studies use supplementary data sources. This study aims to identify the incidence of and risk factors for perioperative aspiration in children using quality assurance data supplemented by administrative billing records, and to examine the utility of billing data as a supplementary data source...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341260/essential-oils-improved-weight-gain-growth-and-feed-efficiency-of-young-dairy-calves-fed-18-or-20-crude-protein-starter-diets
#17
M Kazemi-Bonchenari, R Falahati, M Poorhamdollah, S R Heidari, A Pezeshki
The objective was to evaluate interactions between starter protein (180 vs. 200 g/kg, DM basis) and a mixture of essential oils (EOs; containing thymol, eugenol, vanillin, limonene and guaiacol) on growth, metabolic and ruminal functions of Holstein dairy calves. In a completely randomized 2 × 2 factorial design, 48 calves, 3 days old (averaging BW 42.7 ± 1.9 kg), were allocated into groups fed the following diets: (i) 180 g/kg CP with no EO (180P-NEO); (ii) 180 g/kg CP with EO (180P-EO); (iii) 200 g/kg CP with no EO (200P-NEO); and (iv) 200 g/kg CP with EO (200P-EO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341031/getting-more-than-you-paid-for-unauthorized-natural-substances-in-herbal-food-supplements-on-eu-market
#18
Marijana Zovko Končić
As the population in the industrialized world develops preference for what is perceived as a natural and holistic way of disease treatment, the popularity and the number of food supplements on the market, including herbal ones, is experiencing an unprecedented rise. However, unlike herbal medicinal products, intended for treating or preventing disease, current legislation classifies food supplements as products intended for achieving nutritional or physiological effect and to supplement the normal diet. Accordingly, most food supplements are not to be associated with specific health claims...
January 16, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340655/effect-of-dietary-synbiotic-supplement-on-behavioral-patterns-and-growth-performance-of-broiler-chickens-reared-under-heat-stress
#19
A A Mohammed, J A Jacobs, G R Murugesan, H W Cheng
This study examined the effects of a dietary synbiotic supplement on the behavioral patterns and growth performance of broiler chickens exposed to heat stress (HS). Three hundred sixty 1-day-old male Ross 708 broiler chicks were distributed among 24 floor pens (15 chicks per pen); each pen was randomly assigned to one of 3 dietary treatments containing a synbiotic at 0 (control), 0.5 (0.5X) and 1.0 (1.0X) g/kg. From d 15 to 42, birds were exposed to HS at 32°C daily from 08:00 to 17:00. Five broiler chickens were randomly marked in each pen for behavioral observation...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340523/a-case-of-severe-glutathione-synthetase-deficiency-with-novel-gss-mutations
#20
H Xia, J Ye, L Wang, J Zhu, Z He
Glutathione synthetase deficiency (GSSD) is a rare inborn error of glutathione metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance. The severe form of the disease is characterized by acute metabolic acidosis, usually present in the neonatal period with hemolytic anemia and progressive encephalopathy. A case of a male newborn infant who had severe metabolic acidosis with high anion gap, hemolytic anemia, and hyperbilirubinemia is reported. A high level of 5-oxoproline was detected in his urine and a diagnosis of generalized GSSD was made...
January 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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