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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324679/methicillin-resistant-and-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-from-retail-meat-in-denmark
#1
Yuanyue Tang, Jesper Larsen, Jette Kjeldgaard, Paal Skytt Andersen, Robert Skov, Hanne Ingmer
Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is increasingly related to human infections. Farmers and veterinarians have the highest risk, but infections have also occurred in individuals without prior contact to livestock. Clonal complex (CC) 398 is the predominant LA-MRSA lineage causing human infections, and although pigs are the major source of CC398 worldwide, poultry and other animals are also reservoirs. This raises concern for transmission of MRSA via meat. In this study, the occurrence and characteristics of S...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324250/erratum-to-modeling-of-air-pollutant-concentrations-in-an-industrial-region-of-turkey
#2
Gizem Tuna Tuygun, Hicran Altuğ, Tolga Elbir, Eftade E Gaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323565/surveillance-for-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-in-wild-turkeys-meleagris-gallopavo-of-minnesota-during-2015-outbreaks-in-domestic-poultry
#3
Christopher S Jennelle, Michelle Carstensen, Erik C Hildebrand, Paul C Wolf, Daniel A Grear, Hon S Ip, Louis Cornicelli
An outbreak of a novel reassortant of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N2) virus (HPAIV) decimated domestic turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo ) from March through mid-June, 2015 in the state of Minnesota, USA. In response, as part of broader surveillance efforts in wild birds, we designed a pilot effort to sample and test hunter-harvested Wild Turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo ) for HPAIV in Minnesota counties with known infected poultry facilities. We also collected opportunistic samples from dead Wild Turkeys or live Wild Turkeys showing neurologic signs (morbidity and mortality samples) reported by the public or state agency personnel...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319450/retinal-and-choroidal-thickness-in-adult-patients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever
#4
Tolga Bicer, Osman Celikay, Mustafa Kosker, Muhammed Yunus Alp, Cem Ozisler, Ahmet Yesilyurt, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Canan Gurdal
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate changes in retinal, choroidal, ganglion cell complex (GCC) and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thicknesses in genetically diagnosed adult patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). METHODS: A total of 50 eyes of 50 genetically diagnosed patients with FMF and 50 eyes of controls were analyzed. Patients were recruited from the Genetic Diagnostic Center of Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Research and Training Hospital, Turkey. Retinal and choroidal thicknesses were obtained using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography from choroid, retina, GCC, and RNFL...
March 20, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319151/ethical-problems-in-an-era-where-disasters-have-become-a-part-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-workers-in-turkey
#5
M Murat Civaner, Kevser Vatansever, Kayihan Pala
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily practice, and can cause preventable harm or the violation of basic human rights. Understanding the types and the determinants of ethical challenges is crucial in order to find the most benevolent action while respecting the dignity of those affected people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319054/association-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-with-mean-platelet-volume-and-vitamin-d
#6
Mesut Garipardic, Murat Doğan, Keziban Asli Bala, Tuba Mutluer, Sultan Kaba, Oktay Aslan, Lokman Üstyol
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess the values of the mean platelet volume (MPV) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) to determine the risk of cardiovascular disease in these 2 disorder groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included a total of 79 patients with ADHD or ASDs and controls in the Van region of Turkey. The control group included subjects of matching age and sex with no ADHD, ASDs, or chronic disease and taking no vitamins...
March 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318178/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-insulin-resistance-as-risk-factors-for-dyslipidemia-in-obese-children
#7
Meltem Erol, Özlem Bostan Gayret, Şahin Hamilçıkan, Emrah Can, Özgu L Yiğit
INTRODUCTION: Dyslipidemia is one of the major complications of obesity; vitamin D deficiency and insulin resistance are attending metabolic complications in dyslipidemic obese children. Objective. To determine if vitamin D deficiency and insulin resistance are risk factors for dyslipidemia in obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics at Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey between 2014 and 2015...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317703/detection-of-l-cysteine-in-wheat-flour-by-raman-microspectroscopy-combined-chemometrics-of-hca-and-pca
#8
Nur Cebi, Canan Ekinci Dogan, Ayşen Develioglu, Mediha Esra Altuntop Yayla, Osman Sagdic
l-Cysteine is deliberately added to various flour types since l-Cysteine has enabled favorable baking conditions such as low viscosity, increased elasticity and rise during baking. In Turkey, usage of l-Cysteine as a food additive isn't allowed in wheat flour according to the Turkish Food Codex Regulation on food additives. There is an urgent need for effective methods to detect l-Cysteine in wheat flour. In this study, for the first time, a new, rapid, effective, non-destructive and cost-effective method was developed for detection of l-Cysteine in wheat flour using Raman microscopy...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316343/own-choice-marriage-and-fertility-in-turkey
#9
Nicolette D Manglos-Weber, Alexander A Weinreb
Goode's foundational work on the fertility transition identified own-choice marriage as a factor driving fertility decline, part of a widening repertoire of choice pertaining to marriage and childbearing. Yet research supporting this connection in today's transitional societies is scarce and somewhat contradictory, and it is unclear how other marital traditions, such as consanguineous marriage, shape this relationship. This study evaluates Goode's theorized connection using pooled Demographic and Health Survey data from Turkey, comparing children ever born, use of contraception, and parity progression across four types of marriage: own-choice and arranged marriage; and marriage to a cousin versus an unrelated spouse...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316320/critical-flicker-frequency-test-for-diagnosing-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#10
Banu Demet Özel Coşkun, Mustafa Özen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The critical flicker frequency (CFF) and psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) are commonly proposed tests for detecting minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE); however, no studies have examined their value for detecting MHE in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients with cirrhosis without overt HE, 205 controls for PHES, and 100 controls for the CFF test were included. All the patients underwent the PHES and CFF tests during the same session...
March 17, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#11
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314431/fast-analysis-of-phthalates-in-freeze-dried-baby-foods-by-ultrasound-vortex-assisted-liquid-liquid-microextraction-coupled-with-gas-chromatography-ion-trap-mass-spectrometry
#12
Mario Vincenzo Russo, Pasquale Avino, Ivan Notardonato
This paper is focused on the determination of phthalates (PAEs), compounds "plausibly" endocrine disruptors, in baby food products by means of a method based on ultrasound-vortex-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction coupled with GC-IT/MS (UVALLME-GC-IT/MS). Particularly, the whole procedure allows the determination of six phthalates such as DMP, DEP, DBP, iBcEP, BBP and DEHP. After dissolution of 0.1g product sample and addition of anthracene as Internal Standard, 250μL of n-heptane are used as extraction solvent...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306206/phytochemical-profile-and-biological-activities-of-helianthemum-canum-from-turkey
#13
Ayşe Baldemir, Neslihan Gökşen, Nilay Ildız, Gökçe Şeker Karatoprak, Müberra Koşar
In the current study, antioxidant, antibacterial activities, and the phenolic compositions of extracts from Helianthemum canum L. Baumg (Apiaceae) aerial parts were investigated for the first time. The H. canum was extracted with 70% methanol (HCMeOH) and water (HCW). Both extracts were determined by total phenolic contents (3 mg/mL), flavonoids (1.5 mg/mL), flavonols (1.5 mg/mL), qualitative-quantitative compositions, iron (II) chelation activities (0.1-5 mg/mL), free radical scavenging activities (DPPH(●) : 0...
March 17, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304087/feasibility-of-endoscopic-submandibular-ganglion-neurectomy-for-drooling
#14
Kayhan Ozturk, Omer Erdur, Osman Gul, Ayse Olmez
We performed endoscopic transoral neurectomy of the submandibular and sublingual glands to treat drooling. We bilaterally operated two adult cases with treatment-resistant drooling. In these patients, conventional treatment had failed. Repeated botilinum toxin type A (BOTOX®, Abdi Ibrahim Pharmaceutical Company, Istanbul, Turkey) injections had been effective but were becoming less so. The patients benefited from surgery in that their saliva scores decreased. No issue emerged over 6 months of follow-up. Endoscopic transoral neurectomy of the submandibular and sublingual glands reduces saliva production and allows management of drooling in treatment-resistant patients...
March 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303182/determining-the-factors-affecting-the-distribution-of-muscari-latifolium-an-endemic-plant-of-turkey-and-a-mapping-species-distribution-model
#15
Hatice Yilmaz, Osman Yalçın Yilmaz, Yaşar Feyza Akyüz
Species distribution modeling was used to determine factors among the large predictor candidate data set that affect the distribution of Muscari latifolium, an endemic bulbous plant species of Turkey, to quantify the relative importance of each factor and make a potential spatial distribution map of M. latifolium. Models were built using the Boosted Regression Trees method based on 35 presence and 70 absence records obtained through field sampling in the Gönen Dam watershed area of the Kazdağı Mountains in West Anatolia...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302983/determination-of-lead-in-water-samples-by-gfaas-after-collection-on-montmorillonite-with-slurry-introduction
#16
Ece Caliskan, Hande Tinas, Nil Ozbek, Suleyman Akman
In this study, a highly accurate, fast and practical separation/enrichment technique is described to determine the Pb in tap water samples by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. For this purpose, at first, Pb was collected on montmorillonite by batch technique, the supernatant was decanted and the solid phase was slurried in a mixture of 0.1% Triton X-114 and 0.1 mol L(-1) HNO3 then directly introduced into graphite furnace without elution. Since the elution step was not applied, the method was simpler and faster compared to conventional techniques...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302930/molecular-characterization-of-an-akabane-virus-isolate-from-west-java-indonesia
#17
Suryo Purnomo Edi, Afif Ibrahim, Rinto Sukoco, Lukman Bunali, Masaji Taguchi, Tomoko Kato, Tohru Yanase, Hiroaki Shirafuji
We isolated an arbovirus from bovine blood in Indonesia. The arbovirus was obtained from the plasma of a cow showing no clinical symptoms in West Java in February 2014, and was identified as Akabane virus (AKAV) by AKAV-specific RT-PCR and subsequent sequence analysis. Phylogenetic analysis based on partial S segment indicated the AKAV isolate, WJ-1SA/P/2014, was most closely related with two isolates from Israel and Turkey reported in 2001 and 2015, respectively, and that WJ-1SA/P/2014 isolate belongs to AKAV genogroup Ib...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302357/micro-and-mesoplastics-in-northeast-levantine-coast-of-turkey-the-preliminary-results-from-surface-samples
#18
Sedat Gündoğdu, Cem Çevik
The determination of the microplastic distribution will be beneficial as a measure of the potential effects on the environment. The Mediterranean Sea had a high risk of pollution as it was enclosed by highly populated and industrialized countries. Here, we determined the level of micro- and mesoplastic pollution in Iskenderun and Mersin Bays, located in the Northeastern Levantine coast of Turkey. The average level of both micro- and mesoplastic was determined to be 0.376 item/m(2) at seven stations. The highest level was determined in Mersin Bay at the mouth of the Seyhan river (Station no...
March 13, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301996/management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-prevention-surveillance-diagnosis-and-staging
#19
Digdem Ozer Etik, Nurettin Suna, Ahmet Sedat Boyacioglu
More than 600 000 people die from hepatocellular carcinoma each year. Worldwide, research on the disease needs to be intensified in both the medical and pharmaceutical fields, with a focus on providing help to geographic areas where resources are limited. Treatment approaches depend on the stage of the disease at diagnosis and on access to complex treatment regimens. However, advanced disease is not curable, and treating these patients is expensive and only marginally effective for increasing quality-adjusted life-years...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301912/potential-causes-and-implications-of-low-target-therapeutic-ratio-in-warfarin-treated-patients-for-thrombosis-prophylaxis
#20
Halil Atas, Ahmet Anıl Sahin, Dilek Barutçu Atas, Murat Sunbul, Alper Kepez, Mehmet Agirbasli
Time in therapeutic range (TTR) of international normalized ratio is crucial for the safety and efficacy of anticoagulation with warfarin and it is influenced by many factors. There are limited data about the quality of warfarin therapy and its effects on clinical outcomes in Turkey. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the quality of anticoagulant therapy with warfarin and evaluate the parameters that affect the quality of warfarin therapy. A total of 170 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF; mean age: 62...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
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