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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922025/prevalence-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxins-in-ready-to-eat-foods-sold-in-istanbul
#1
Beyza H Ulusoy, Burcu Çakmak Sancar, Muhsin Öztürk
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods sold in Istanbul, Turkey. A total of 5,241 samples were randomly collected from various caterers, hotels, and restaurants from 2014 to 2016. The samples were classified into four groups: (i) various cooked RTE meat and vegetable meals, (ii) various RTE salads, charcuterie, and cold appetizers, (iii) various cooked RTE bakery products (pasta, pastries, pizza, pita, ravioli, etc.), and (iv) any cooked RTE sweets and desserts (pudding, custard, cream, ashura, etc...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922013/identification-of-a-practical-and-reliable-method-for-the-evaluation-of-litter-moisture-in-turkey-production
#2
L J Vinco, S Giacomelli, L Campana, M Chiari, N Vitale, G Lombardi, T Veldkamp, P M Hocking
1. An experiment was conducted to compare 5 different methods for the evaluation of litter moisture. 2. For litter collection and assessment, 55 farms were selected, one shed from each farm was inspected and 9 points were identified within each shed. 3. For each device, used for the evaluation of litter moisture, mean and standard deviation of wetness measures per collection point were assessed. 4. The reliability and overall consistency between the 5 instruments used to measure wetness were high (α =0.72)...
September 18, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921500/growth-hormone-therapy-for-people-with-thalassaemia
#3
REVIEW
Chin Fang Ngim, Nai Ming Lai, Janet Yh Hong, Shir Ley Tan, Amutha Ramadas, Premala Muthukumarasamy, Meow-Keong Thong
BACKGROUND: Thalassaemia is a recessively-inherited blood disorder that leads to anaemia of varying severity. In those affected by the more severe forms, regular blood transfusions are required which may lead to iron overload. Accumulated iron from blood transfusions may be deposited in vital organs including the heart, liver and endocrine organs such as the pituitary glands which can affect growth hormone production. Growth hormone deficiency is one of the factors that can lead to short stature, a common complication in people with thalassaemia...
September 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918667/poor-outcomes-among-elderly-patients-hospitalized-for-influenza-like-illness
#4
Mine Durusa Tanriover, Tülay Bagci Bosi, Lale Ozisik, Emre Bilgin, Özlem Güzel Tunçcan, Özge Özgen, Necla Tülek, Metin Özsoy, Hasan Tezer, Tugba Bedir Demirdağ, Ates Kara, Sevgen Tanir Basaranoglu, Kubra Aykac, Aslinur Ozkaya-Parlakay, Belgin Gulhan, Serhat Unal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network is a worldwide initiative that aims to document the burden of influenza infections among acute admissions and the vaccine effectiveness in particular countries. As a partner of this platform, we aimed to determine the frequency of influenza infections among acute admissions with influenza like illness and the outcomes of the enrolled patients during the 2015-2016 influenza season in selected hospitals in Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators screened the hospital admission registries, chart review or available records, and screened all patients hospitalized in the previous 24-48 hours or overnight in the predefined wards or emergency room...
September 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917972/research-on-the-antioxidant-wound-healing-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-and-the-phytochemical-composition-of-maritime-pine-pinus-pinaster-ait
#5
İbrahim Tümen, Esra Küpeli Akkol, Hakkı Taştan, Ipek Süntar, Mehmet Kurtca
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotanical investigations have shown that the Pinus species have been used against rheumatic pain and for wound healing in Turkish folk medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, phytochemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and wound healing activities of Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) that is collected in Turkey are investigated. Essential oil composition and the amount of extracts (lipophilic and hydrophilic) of maritime pine wood and fresh cone samples had been tested...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917453/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-psoriasis-and-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Milton José Max Rodríguez-Zúñiga, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown a relationship between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome (MS), but no meta-analysis has been restricted to studies that adjusted for confounders. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between psoriasis and MS. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies on psoriasis and MS in adults was performed from MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and LILACS from inception to January 2016...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917412/efficacy-of-different-accelerated-corneal%C3%A2-crosslinking-protocols-for%C3%A2-progressive-keratoconus
#7
Ebru Toker, Eren Çerman, Deniz Özarslan Özcan, Özge Begüm Seferoğlu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of different accelerated corneal crosslinking (CXL) treatment protocols in patients with progressive keratoconus. SETTING: Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients with progressive keratoconus had 9 mW accelerated CXL (10 minutes; 9 mW/cm(2)), 30 mW continuous-light accelerated CXL (4 minutes; 30 mW/cm(2)), or 30 mW pulsed-light accelerated CXL (8 minutes [1 second on/1 second off]; 30 mW/cm(2))...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917408/refractive-outcome-comparison-between-vitreomacular-interface-disorders-after-phacovitrectomy
#8
Zeynep Eylül Ercan, İmren Akkoyun, Eylem Yaman Pınarcı, Gürsel Yılmaz, Hülya Topçu
PURPOSE: To compare the refractive accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations between patients with vitreomacular interface disorders who had phacovitrectomy for vitreomacular traction (VMT), epiretinal membranes (ERM), and macular holes. SETTING: Baskent University Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Refraction results 8 weeks postoperatively were compared between phacovitrectomy (3 study groups comprising eyes with VMT with intrafoveal pseudocysts, ERM, or medium-to-large macular holes) and phacoemulsification (control group comprising eyes having phacoemulsification only)...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917406/comparison-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-anterior-lens-capsule-in-senile-cataract-senile-cataract-with-trypan-blue-application-and-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#9
Cem Simsek, Sibel Oto, Gursel Yilmaz, Dilek Dursun Altinors, Ahmet Akman, Sirel Gur Gungor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the elastic modulus, hardness, and mechanical properties of the anterior lens capsule in different types of cataract and to assess the correlation with age. SETTING: Baskent University Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey. DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. METHODS: Patients were divided into 3 groups. Group 1 comprised patients with senile cataract, Group 2 patients had pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome, and Group 3 patients had dye-enhanced cataract surgery...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917262/determination-of-several-element-levels-in-hardaliye-beverages-using-flame-atomic-absorption-spectrometry-after-ultrasound-probe-extraction
#10
Dilek Bakircioglu, Nukte Topraksever, Yasemin Bakircioglu Kurtulus
In the present study, concentrations of calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), and zinc (Zn) in hardaliye samples produced in Turkey were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after ultrasound probe extraction (UPE), microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), and wet extraction procedures. At present, there is limited work in the literature on UPE for the determination of trace elements in beverage samples. Our single-correlation analysis showed that the elements studied with the UPE method in hardaliye were strongly correlated with the MAE procedure...
September 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#11
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917064/a-novel-method-for-improving-chest-tube-insertion-skills-among-medical-interns-using-biomaterial-covered-mannequin
#12
Ozgur Tatli, Suha Turkmen, Melih Imamoglu, Yunus Karaca, Mustafa Cicek, Metin Yadigaroglu, Selen T Bayrak, Olgun Asik, Murat Topbas, Suleyman Turedi
To develop a low-cost biomaterial-covered chest tube simulation model and assess its possible usefulness for developing the chest tube insertion skills among medical interns. Methods: This mannequin-based interventional study was performed in a University hospital setting. We included 63 physicians performing emergency medicine internship at the Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey, between January 2015 and March 2015. A dummy was prepared for training simulation using a display mannequin...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916366/measuring-progress-and-projecting-attainment-on-the-basis-of-past-trends-of-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-in-188-countries-an-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of "leaving no one behind". Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016), we measured 37 of the 50 health-related SDG indicators over the period 1990-2016 for 188 countries, and then on the basis of these past trends, we projected indicators to 2030...
September 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915997/outbreak-of-anaplasmosis-associated-with-novel-genetic-variants-of-anaplasma-marginale-in-a-dairy-cattle
#14
Munir Aktas, Sezayi Özübek
During early lactation, dairy cows may present a transient immunosuppressive state and develop anaplasmosis caused by Anaplasma marginale. In this study, clinical anaplasmosis in dairy cattle in the Thrace region of Turkey was investigated with respect to within-herd prevalence, vertical transmission, and genetic diversity. In March and September 2015, thirty lactating cows showed primary clinical signs of anaplasmosis, including fever, anaemia, decreased milk yield, anorexia, and laboured breathing. Symptoms disappeared in most cows after administration of long-acting oxytetracycline, but nine of them (30%) died...
October 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913940/caesarean-birth-is-associated-with-both-maternal-and-paternal-origin-in-immigrants-in-sweden-a-population-based-study
#15
Sol P Juárez, Rhonda Small, Anders Hjern, Erica Schytt
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between maternal country of birth and father's origin and unplanned and planned caesarean birth in Sweden. METHODS: Population-based register study including all singleton births in Sweden between 1999 and 2012 (n = 1 311 885). Multinomial regression was conducted to estimate odds ratios (OR) for unplanned and planned caesarean with 95% confidence intervals for migrant compared with Swedish-born women. Analyses were stratified by parity...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913928/a-new-complementary-approach-for-oral-health-and-diabetes-management-health-coaching
#16
Ayse Basak Cinar, Ruth Freeman, Lone Schou
BACKGROUND: Health coaching (HC) is based on 'partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximise their personal and professional potential' to adopt healthy lifestyles through 'building awareness and empowerment'. This study's objective is to assess, for the first time to our knowledge, the effectiveness of HC compared with health education (HE) using clinical and subjective measures among type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients in Turkey and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913774/is-integration-always-most-adaptive-the-role-of-cultural-identity-in-academic-achievement-and-in-psychological-adaptation-of-immigrant-students-in-germany
#17
Kristin Schotte, Petra Stanat, Aileen Edele
Immigrant adaptation research views identification with the mainstream context as particularly beneficial for sociocultural adaptation, including academic achievement, and identification with the ethnic context as particularly beneficial for psychological adaptation. A strong identification with both contexts is considered most beneficial for both outcomes (integration hypothesis). However, it is unclear whether the integration hypothesis applies in assimilative contexts, across different outcomes, and across different immigrant groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913130/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-the-different-criterias
#18
Evren Akgöl, Sedat Abuşoğlu, Faik Deniz Gün, Ali Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: The two-step approach recommended by the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG), Carpenter and Coustan (C&C), and O'Sullivan, and the single-step approach recommended by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) are used to diagnose gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We aimed to determine GDM prevalence and to compare the two-step and single-step approaches used in the southeastern region of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 3048 records of pregnant women screened for GDM between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively extracted from our laboratory information system...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913129/evaluating-the-content-and-quality-of-intrapartum-care-in-vaginal-births-an-example-of-a-state-hospital
#19
Zekiye Karaçam, Döndü Arslan Kurnaz, Gizem Güneş
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to assess the content and quality of the intrapartum care offered in vaginal births in Turkey, based on the example of a state hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1(st), 2013 and December 31(st), 2014 at Aydın Maternity and Children's Hospital. The study sample consisted of 303 women giving vaginal birth, who were recruited into the study using the method of convenience sampling...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912823/assessment-of-environmental-attitudes-and-risk-perceptions-among-university-students-in-mersin-turkey
#20
Gulcin Yapici, Oya Ögenler, Ahmet Öner Kurt, Fazıl Koçaş, Tayyar Şaşmaz
BACKGROUND: Environmental destruction is one of the most important problems in this century. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the environmental attitudes and perceived risks associated with environmental factors of the students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 faculties of Mersin University. The research data were collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire included sociodemographic characteristics, the "Environmental Attitudes Scale," and the "Environmental Risk Perception Scale...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
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