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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140103/salmonella-gallinarum-field-isolates-and-its-relationship-to-vaccine-strain-sg9r
#1
P K V Koerich, B B Fonseca, E Balestrin, V Tagliari, P G Hoepers, C Ueira-Vieira, I Oldoni, R H Rauber, L Ruschel, V P Do Nascimento
1. The aim of the present study was to determine if the 9R-strain of the Salmonella gallinarum live vaccine was responsible for having fowl typhoid outbreaks in chicken flocks from both chicken and turkey breeders as well as to verify the antimicrobial resistance of the isolates from the outbreaks. 2. The triplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), standard antimicrobial test, beta-lactamase genes identification and Ion Torrent PMG whole genome sequence were used in the field isolates and in the vaccine strain of S...
November 15, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137123/proteomic-characterization-of-the-venom-of-five-bombus-thoracobombus-species
#2
Nezahat Pınar Barkan, Mustafa Bilal Bayazit, Duygu Ozel Demiralp
Venomous animals use venom, a complex biofluid composed of unique mixtures of proteins and peptides, to act on vital systems of the prey or predator. In bees, venom is solely used for defense against predators. However, the venom composition of bumble bees (Bombus sp.) is largely unknown. The Thoracobombus subgenus of Bombus sp. is a diverse subgenus represented by 14 members across Turkey. In this study, we sought out to proteomically characterize the venom of five Thoracobombus species by using bottom-up proteomic techniques...
November 11, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135394/real-life-profile-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-in-turkey
#3
Zeynep Mısırlıgil, Arif Çımrın, Hakan Günen, Tevfik Özlü, Aykut Çilli, Levent Akyıldız, Hasan Bayram, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Esra Uzaslan, Öznur Abadoğlu, Mecit Suerdem
Introduction: Despite the presentation of similar symptoms, the airway diseases have different underlying pathophysiological processes and must be distinguished to enable the administration of appropriate treatment. In several studies the clinician- and patient-related causes of poor compliance to treatment in asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients have been evaluated. This study aimed to determine the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of newly diagnosed treatment-naïve asthma and COPD patients in Turkey...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135102/changes-in-18f-fdg-pet-ct-tumor-metabolism-are-not-consistent-with-pathologic-complete-response-in-hormone-positive-breast-cancer
#4
Serap Kaya, Bilge Aktas, Eda Tanrikulu Sismek, Mehmet Akif Ozturk, Fuat Dede, Handan Kaya, Umit Ugurlu, Zerrin Ozgen, Sinan Koca, Suleyman Halil, Rahib Hasanov, Ozkan Alan, Nalan Akgul Babacan, Ozlem Ercelep, Faysal Dane, Mahmut Gumus, Fulden Yumuk
PURPOSE: Current evaluation of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) shows that it could achieve pathological complete response (pCR). The purpose of this study was to assess the consistency of maximum uptake values (SUVmax) changes and pCR in hormone-positive locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). METHODS: Ninety hormone-positive LABC patients treated at Marmara University Medical Oncology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey, between 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively studied...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134007/taxonomic-notes-on-two-sibling-species-of-metellina-from-asia-araneae-tetragnathidae
#5
Recep Sulhi Özkütük, Yuri M Marusik, Kadir Boğaç Kunt, Mert Elverici
Two sibling species, Metellina orientalis (Spassky, 1932) and M. kirgisica (Bakhvalov, 1974), occurring in the Middle East and Central Asia are redescribed and their distributions mapped. The previously unknown male of M. kirgisica is described for the first time. Stridulatory files on male chelicera of Metellina are also documented for the first time. The occurrence of M. kirgisica in Azerbaijan and Tajikistan and the presence of M. orientalis in Turkey are confirmed.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133024/determination-of-the-knowledge-level-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-islamic-religious-officials-toward-blood-donation
#6
Hamit Sirri Keten, Oguz Isik, Celal Kus, Ozgur Ersoy, Soner Olmez, Fatis Yildirim, Mustafa Celik
The aim of the present study was to determine knowledge level, attitudes, and behaviors of Islamic religious officials toward blood donation. This study included 334 religious officials rendering service in the province of Kahramanmaras, located in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. A questionnaire was administered to gather sociodemographic data of the participants and their knowledge levels, attitudes, and behaviors toward blood donation. The questionnaire consisted of 11 questions that yielded a total of 11 points...
November 2, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132480/the-relation-of-health-related-practices-of-pregnant-women-fatigue-and-prenatal-attachment
#7
Nursan Cinar, Sinem Yalnizoglu Caka, Sumeyra Topal, Hilal Uslu Yuvaci, Unal Erkorkmaz
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation of the health-related practices of expectant mothers during pregnancy and fatigue in mother and prenatal attachment. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, between February and April 2016. METHODOLOGY: The study sample consisted of pregnant women (at least 20-week gestation) aged 18 years or above (n=211) who applied to prenatal care services and agreed to participate in the study...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130775/results-of-native-and-transplant-kidney-biopsies-of-children-in-a-single-center-over-a-15-years-period
#8
Emel Isiyel, Kibriya Fidan, Bahar Buyukkaragoz, Meltem Akcaboy, Yasar Kandur, Ipek Isik Gonul, Necla Buyan, Sevcan Bakkaloglu, Oguz Soylemezoglu
Renal biopsy is an important diagnostic procedure in pediatric nephrology. This study retrospectively investigates the indications, results and complications in a single tertiary children's hospital in Turkey. We evaluated the native and transplant kidney biopsies in Gazi University Pediatric Nephrology Department between 2001 and 2015. A total of 196 biopsies (144 natives and 52 transplants) were included into the study. The mean age of the patients was respectively 10.8 ± 3.5, 13.9 ± 1.5 years...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129955/a-comparative-analysis-of-bioethical-issues-from-view-points-of-religious-affairs-administration-in-turkey-roman-catholicism-and-orthodox-judaism
#9
Cemal Huseyin Güvercin, Kerim M Munir
The arguments set forth by religious authority are important since they play a crucial role in shaping the social values of the public and influence the decision of individuals in practice pertaining to bioethical issues. The Religious Affairs Administration (RAA) was established at the inception of the Republic of Turkey in 1924 to guide religious considerations moving out of the Ottoman caliphate to a secular bioethical framework. In this article, the bioethical views of the RAA under Islamic tradition is examined and contrasted with those influenced by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Judaic traditions...
July 2017: Acta Bioethica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129824/impact-of-fish-aberrations-and-cllu1-expression-on-the-prognosis-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-presentation-of-156-patients-from-turkey
#10
Ümmet Abur, Gönül Oğur, Ömer Salih Akar, Engin Altundağ, Huri Sema Aymelek, Düzgün Özatlı, Mehmet Turgut
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the impact of the CLLU1 expression and FISH analysis of a group of Turkish CLL patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 156 CLL patients were analysed by FISH method;47 of them were also evaluated for CLLU1 expression. Results were correlated with clinical parameters. RESULTS: FISH aberrations were found in 62% of patients. These aberrations were del13q14 (67%), trisomy 12 (27%), del11q22 (19%), del17p (8%) and 14q32 rearrangements (20%)...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128735/nursing-and-midwifery-students-experiences-with-the-course-of-infertility-and-assisted-reproductive-techniques-a-focus-group-study-from-turkey
#11
Gozde Gokçe Isbir, Yeter Durgun Ozan
Nurses and midwifes without sufficient knowledge of infertilitare not likely to provide counseling and support for people suffering from infertility. This study aimed to evaluate nursing and midwifery students' experiences with the Course on Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Techniques. Our study had a qualitative descriptive design. Total number of the participants was 75. The analysis revealed five primary themes and twenty-one sub-themes. The themes were (1) action, (2) learner centered method, (3) interaction, (4) nursing competencies, and (5) evaluation...
October 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128516/west-nile-virus-anopheles-flavivirus-a-novel-flavivirus-as-well-as-merida-like-rhabdovirus-turkey-in-field-collected-mosquitoes-from-thrace-and-anatolia
#12
Ceren Öncü, Annika Brinkmann, Filiz Günay, Sırrı Kar, Kerem Öter, Yasemen Sarıkaya, Andreas Nitsche, Yvonne-Marie Linton, Bülent Alten, Koray Ergünay
Mosquitoes are involved in the transmission and maintenance of several viral diseases with significant health impact. Biosurveillance efforts have also revealed insect-specific viruses, observed to cocirculate with pathogenic strains. This report describes the findings of flavivirus and rhabdovirus screening, performed in eastern Thrace and Aegean region of Anatolia during 2016, including and expanding on locations with previously-documented virus activity. A mosquito cohort of 1545 individuals comprising 14 species were collected and screened in 108 pools via generic and specific amplification and direct metagenomics by next generation sequencing...
November 8, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126839/the-epidemic-typhus-and-trench-fever-are-risk-for-public-health-due-to-increased-migration-in-southeast-of-turkey
#13
Fadime Eroglu, Nilgün Ulutasdemir, Mustafa Tanrıverdi, Eda Icbay Dagli, Ismail Soner Koltas
Pediculus humanus capitis is a small ectoparasitic insect that has lived and feds on human beings for thousands of years. Molecular techniques have been used for Pediculus species identification and evolutionary, phylogenic, and ecological studies. A total of 23 adults of P. h. capitis were collected in Gaziantep, located in southeast Turkey, and DNA was isolated from all P. h. capitis using DNA extraction kit. All DNA samples were screened for investigate of Ricettsia prowazekii, Bartonella quintana and Borrelia recurrentis with real-time polymerase chain reaction...
November 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125819/how-successful-are-turkish-orthopedists-in-complying-with-time-limit-in-scientific-presentations
#14
Nadir Yalçın, Enes Uluyardımcı, İbrahim Bozkurt
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the durations of scientific presentations and factors affecting the rates of exceeding the time limit in presentations at 26th Turkish National Congress of Orthopedics and Traumatology, which is one of Turkey's largest nationally organized orthopedics and traumatology meetings in terms of the numbers of speakers and participators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Speech durations of Turkish orthopedists and the rates of these durations against the durations specified in the schedule were calculated...
December 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125243/wing-morphology-variations-in-a-natural-population-of-phlebotomus-tobbi-adler-and-theodor-1930
#15
Gizem Oguz, Ozge Erisoz Kasap, Bulent Alten
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is highly endemic in the Cukurova region, located on the crossroads of main refugee routes from the Middle East to Europe on the eastern Mediterranean part of Turkey. Our purpose was to investigate the phenotypic variation of Phlebotomus tobbi, the known vector of CL in the region, during one active season. Sand flies and microclimatic data were collected monthly from May to October, 2011, from five locations in six villages in the study area. A geometric morphometric approach was used to investigate wing morphology...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124946/factors-affecting-life-satisfaction-of-older-adults-in-turkey
#16
Sevilay S Celik, Yusuf Celik, Neset Hikmet, Mahmud M Khan
This study aimed to examine the determinants of life satisfaction of older adults in Turkey. The sample consisted of 2,959 older adults over 65 years. The effects of psychological, daily life and instrumental activity, physical health and health status, and other important variables on life satisfaction were analyzed. The variables lessening life satisfaction for older adults included poverty, a lower self-reported health status, a decline in physical health, ability to chew, ability to do household activities, and an increase in feelings of depression and feeling social withdrawn...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123342/palliative-care-for-children-with-cancer-in-the-middle-east-a-comparative-study
#17
Leila Khanali Mojen, Maryam Rassouli, Peyman Eshghi, Ali Akbari Sari, Majideh Heravi Karimooi
Introduction: High incidence rates of childhood cancer and the consequent deaths in the Middle East is one of the major reasons for the need for palliative care in these countries. Using the experiences and innovations of the other countries can provide a pattern for the countries of the region and lead to the development of palliative care in children. Therefore, the aim of this study is to compare the status of pediatric palliative care in Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, and Iran. Materials and Methods: This is a comparative study in which the information related to pediatric palliative care system in the target countries (from 2000 to 2016) has been collected, summarized, and classified by searching in databases, such as "PubMed, Scopus, Google scholar, Ovid, and science direct...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123023/young-adult-smokers-perceptions-of-plain-packs-numbered-packs-and-pack-inserts-in-turkey-a-focus-group-study
#18
Burcu Mucan, Crawford Moodie
INTRODUCTION: The Turkish Government's 'National Tobacco Control Program 2015-2018' included plans to introduce plain packaging and also a ban on brand names on cigarette packs, allowing only assigned numbers on packs. We explored perceptions of these proposed measures, and also pack inserts with cessation messages, another novel way of using the packaging to communicate with consumers. METHODS: Eight focus groups were conducted with 47 young adult smokers in Manisa and Kutahya (Turkey) in December 2016...
November 9, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121550/attitudes-beliefs-and-comfort-levels-of-midwifery-students-regarding-sexual-counselling-in-turkey
#19
Besey Ören, Neriman Zengin, Saadet Yazıcı, Ayşe Çil Akıncı
OBJECTIVE: this aim of this study was to determine midwifery students' attitudes and beliefs regarding sexual counselling, the factors preventing effective sexual counselling and comfort levels towards sexual counselling. PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted with 650 students studying in the midwifery departments of eight universities in Turkey (response rate 59.1%). DESIGN: the data were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire in early 2016, which collected sociodemographic characteristics and comfort levels, and used the Sexuality Attitudes and Beliefs Survey...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121098/correction-skeleton-of-an-unusual-cat-sized-marsupial-relative-metatheria-marsupialiformes-from-the-middle-eocene-lutetian-44-43-million-years-ago-of-turkey
#20
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