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Chaitali P Labade, Abhilash R Jadhav, Mehul Ahire, Smita S Zinjarde, Vaijayanti A Tamhane
The present study deals with glutathione-S-transferase (GST) based detoxification of pesticides in Helicoverpa armigera and its potential application in eliminating pesticides from the environment. Dietary exposure of a pesticide mixture (organophosphates - chlorpyrifos and dichlorvos, pyrethroid - cypermethrin; 2-15ppm each) to H. armigera larvae resulted in a dose dependant up-regulation of GST activity and gene expression. A variant GST from H. armigera (HaGST-8) was isolated from larvae fed with 10ppm pesticide mixture and it was recombinantly expressed in yeast (Pichia pastoris HaGST-8)...
September 15, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Marina López-García, Roberto Romero-González, Marina Lacasaña, Antonia Garrido Frenich
A semiautomated method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled to Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry has been developed for the determination of neonicotinoids (imidacloprid, acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, nitenpyram, thiacloprid and thiamethoxam) and the metabolite acetamiprid-n-desmethyl in urine samples. Two automated methods were tested (solid-phase extraction "SPE" and turbulent flow chromatography "TurboFlow™"), obtaining the best results when TurboFlow™ was applied...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Matthew J Traylor, Jong-Min Baek, Katelyn E Richards, Roberto Fusetto, W Huang, Peter Josh, Zhengzhong Chen, Padma Bollapragada, Richard A J O'Hair, Philip Batterham, Elizabeth M J Gillam
The Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, is a primary cause of sheep flystrike and a major agricultural pest. Cytochrome P450 enzymes have been implicated in the resistance of L. cuprina to several classes of insecticides. In particular, CYP6G3 is a L. cuprina homologue of Drosophila melanogaster CYP6G1, a P450 known to confer multi-pesticide resistance. To investigate the basis of resistance, a bicistronic Escherichia coli expression system was developed to co-express active L. cuprina CYP6G3 and house fly (Musca domestica) P450 reductase...
September 13, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Guangyang Liu, Lingyun Li, Donghui Xu, Xiaodong Huang, Xiaomin Xu, Shuning Zheng, Yanguo Zhang, Huan Lin
A novel magnetic copper-based metal-organic framework (M-MOF) was prepared using a Fe4O3-graphene oxide (GO)-β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) nanocomposite as the magnetic core and support, and used for adsorption and removal of neonicotinoid insecticide pollutants from aqueous solution. M-MOF characterization suggested that (1)Fe4O3-GO-β-CD consisted of a thin single layer with anchored Fe3O4. The M-MOF was coated on the Fe4O3-GO-β-CD surface. The M-MOF had a large Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area (250.33m(2)g(-1)) and high super-paramagnetism with saturation magnetization of 10...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Olga S Kostromytska, Michael E Scharf, Eileen A Buss
BACKGROUND: Mole crickets (Neoscapteriscus spp.) consume turfgrasses and pasture grasses and uproot plants by their tunneling, which decreases turf aesthetics and decreases forage quantity and quality. Insecticides are frequently used to prevent damage. In typical field trials, damage symptoms, not percent of mortality or achieved level of control, are used to assess treatment efficacy. Here however, we evaluated the direct effect of key insecticides on Neoscapteriscus mole cricket behavior...
September 13, 2017: Pest Management Science
Roberto Fusetto, Shane Denecke, Trent Perry, Richard A J O'Hair, Philip Batterham
Resistance to insecticides through enhanced metabolism is a worldwide problem. The Cyp6g1 gene of the vinegar fly, Drosophila melanogaster, is a paradigm for the study of metabolic resistance. Constitutive overexpression of this gene confers resistance to several classes of insecticides, including the neonicotinoid imidacloprid (IMI). The metabolism of IMI in this species has been previously shown to yield oxidative and nitro-reduced metabolites. While levels of the oxidative metabolites are correlated with CYP6G1 expression, nitro-reduced metabolites are not, raising the question of how these metabolites are produced...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Shane Denecke, Roberto Fusetto, Felipe Martelli, Alex Giang, Paul Battlay, Alexandre Fournier-Level, Richard A O' Hair, Philip Batterham
Insecticide resistance is an economically important example of evolution in response to intense selection pressure. Here, the genetics of resistance to the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid is explored using the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel, a collection of inbred Drosophila melanogaster genotypes derived from a single population in North Carolina. Imidacloprid resistance varied substantially among genotypes, and more resistant genotypes tended to show increased capacity to metabolize and excrete imidacloprid...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Francesca M Rios, Travis E Wilcoxen, Laura M Zimmerman
Imidacloprid (IMD), a neonicotinoid, is generally considered to be of low toxicity in vertebrates. However, the inhibition of acetylcholine (ACh) receptors can have a profound effect on both the immune and nervous system due to the anti-inflammatory effects of ACh. Vertebrates, such as amphibians, might be affected by IMD because they breed in wetlands where the concentration of IMD is high. In our study, we experimentally exposed Rana catesbeiana tadpoles to environmentally relevant IMD and then quantified the ACh and antibody to non-replicating antigens...
August 30, 2017: Chemosphere
Danica Baines, Emily Wilton, Abbe Pawluk, Michael de Gorter, Nora Chomistek
Accumulating evidence suggests that neonicotinoids may have long-term adverse effects on bee health, yet our understanding of how this could occur is incomplete. Pesticides can act as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in animals providing characteristic multiphasic dose-response curves and non-lethal endpoints in toxicity studies. However, it is not known if neonicotinoids act as EDCs in bees. To address this issue, we performed oral acute and chronic toxicity studies including concentrations recorded in nectar and pollen, applying acetamiprid, clothianidin, imidacloprid, and thiamethoxam to bumble bees, honey bees and leafcutter bees, the three most common bee species managed for pollination...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Luis Gabriel Forero, Victor Limay-Rios, Yingen Xue, Arthur Schaafsma
Atmospheric emissions of neonicotinoid seed treatment insecticides as particulate matter in field crops occur mainly for two reasons: 1) due to abraded dust of treated seed generated during planting using vacuum planters, and 2) as a result of disturbances (tillage or wind events) in the surface of parental soils which release wind erodible soil-bound residues. In the present study, concentration and movement of neonicotinoids as particulate matter were quantified under real conditions using passive and active air samplers...
August 25, 2017: Chemosphere
Jian-Xue Jin, Dao-Chao Jin, Feng-Liang Li, Ying Cheng, Wen-Hong Li, Zhao-Chun Ye, Yu-Hang Zhou
As a newer cis-nitromethylene neonicotinoid pesticide at present, cycloxaprid has good industrialization prospects, including the management of imidacloprid-resistant populations, because this chemical have an excellent efficiency against rice planthoppers. Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) is the most economically important pest of rice worldwide and has developed resistance to many insecticides. This study focused on the expression change of these resistance genes, induced by cycloxaprid, involved in metabolic detoxification and receptor protein...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Alison Cartereau, Carine Martin, Steeve H Thany
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neonicotinoid insecticides are described as poor agonists of mammalian nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. In this paper, we provide evidence that they diffenrently act on mammalian nicotinic receptors. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Two-electrode voltage-clamp electrophysiology was used to characterized the pharmacology of neonicotinoid insecticides on α7 receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Single and combined application of clothianidin, acetamiprid and thiamethoxam were tested...
August 29, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
Miguel A Navarro-Roldán, César Gemeno
In moths, sexual behavior combines female sex pheromone production and calling behavior. The normal functioning of these periodic events requires an intact nervous system. Neurotoxic insecticide residues in the agroecosystem could impact the normal functioning of pheromone communication through alteration of the nervous system. In this study we assess whether sublethal concentrations of the neonicotinoid insecticide thiacloprid, that competitively modulates nicotinic acetylcholine receptors at the dendrite, affect pheromone production and calling behavior in adults of three economically important tortricid moth pests; Cydia pomonella (L...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Cássio Resende de Morais, Stephan Malfitano Carvalho, Maria Paula Carvalho Naves, Galber Araujo, Alexandre Azenha Alves de Rezende, Ana Maria Bonetti, Mário Antônio Spanó
Thiamethoxam (TMX) belongs to a class of neuro-active insecticides referred as neonicotinoids, while actara(®) (AC) is one of the most popular TMX-based products in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mutagenic, recombinogenic and carcinogenic potential of TMX and AC insecticides. The mutagenic and recombinogenic effect of TMX and AC were evaluated in vivo by the Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test (SMART) while carcinogenic effects were evaluated through the Test for Detection of Epithelial Tumor Clones (wts test), both in somatic cells of Drosophila melanogaster...
August 19, 2017: Chemosphere
Abdulrahim T Alkassab, Wolfgang H Kirchner
Sublethal impacts of pesticides on the locomotor activity might occur to different degrees and could escape visual observation. Therefore, our objective is the utilization of video-tracking to quantify how the acute oral exposure to different doses (0.1-2ng/bee) of the neonicotinoid "clothianidin" influences the locomotor activity of honeybees in a time course experiment. The total distance moved, resting time as well as the duration and frequency of bouts of laying upside down are measured. Our results show that bees exposed to acute sublethal doses of clothianidin exhibit a significant increase in the total distance moved after 30 and 60min of the treatment at the highest dose (2ng/bee)...
August 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Soumaya Marzouki, Ines Bini Dhouib, Chaouki Benabdessalem, Raja Rekik, Raoudha Doghri, Ammar Maroueni, Zakaria Bellasfar, Saloua Fazaa, Jihene Bettaieb, Mohamed Ridha Barbouche, Melika Ben Ahmed
AIMS: Acetamiprid (ACE) is an insecticide of the neonicotinoid family, the most widely used in the world. Herein, we assessed the effect of ACE on either the humoral or cellular immune responses of rodents. We also evaluated the role of curcumin in the restoration of altered immune responses after ACE treatment. METHODS: Five groups of five Swiss Albino mice were immunized intraperitoneally with the recombinant form of CFP32, a virulence factor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
August 23, 2017: Life Sciences
Jonas Kathage, Pedro Castañera, José Luis Alonso-Prados, Manuel Gómez-Barbero, Emilio Rodríguez-Cerezo
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the European Commission restricted the use of three neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam) and the pyrazole fipronil, widely used to control early season pests. Here, we use original farm survey data to examine the impact of the restrictions on pest management practices in eight regional case studies including maize, oilseed rape and sunflower in seven EU countries. RESULTS: In four case studies, farmers switched to using untreated seeds as no alternative seed treatments were available...
August 26, 2017: Pest Management Science
Jorge A Leiva, Peter Nkedi-Kizza, Kelly T Morgan, Davie M Kadyampakeni
Imidacloprid (IMD) is a neonicotinoid pesticide soil-drenched to many crops to control piercing-sucking insects such as the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP). Neonicotinoids are persistent in the environment and transport analyses are helpful estimate leaching potential from soils that could result in groundwater pollution. The objective of this study was to analyze IMD breakthrough under saturated water flow in soil columns packed with three horizons (A, E, Bh) of Immokalee Fine Sand (IFS). Also, we used the dimensionless form of the convective-dispersive model (CD-Model) to compare the optimized transport parameters from each column experiment (retardation factor, R; fraction of instantaneous-to-total retardation, β; and mass transfer coefficient, ω) with the parameters obtained from sorption batch equilibria and sorption kinetics...
2017: PloS One
Zhengqun Zhang, Yunhe Zhao, Yao Wang, Beixing Li, Jin Lin, Xuefeng Zhang, Wei Mu
Seed treatments can directly protect cotton from early season piercing-sucking insect Aphis gossypii Glover but hardly provide long-term protection against Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür). Therefore, the efficacy of clothianidin seed treatments combined with spot applications of clothianidin granules at the bud stage of cotton was evaluated to control piercing-sucking pests during the entire cotton growing season. Clothianidin seed treatments (at the rate of 4 g ai/kg seed) combined with a clothianidin granular treatment (even at low rate of 0...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Caio E C Domingues, Fábio Camargo Abdalla, Paulo José Balsamo, Beatriz V R Pereira, Moema de Alencar Hausen, Monica Jones Costa, Elaine C M Silva-Zacarin
Apis mellifera perform important pollination roles in agroecosystems. However, there is often intensive use of systemic pesticides in crops, which can be carried to the colony by forage bees through the collection of contaminated pollen and nectar. Inside the colony, pollen loads are stored by bees that add honey and several enzymes to this pollen. Nevertheless, intra-colonial chronic exposure could induce sublethal effects in young bees exposed to a wide range of pesticides present in these pollen loads. This study was aimed to both determine the survival rate and evaluate the sublethal effects on the hepato-nephrocitic system in response to continuous oral exposure to lower concentrations of neonicotinoid thiamethoxam (TXT) and picoxystrobin fungicide (PXT)...
November 2017: Chemosphere
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