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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920494/early-postnatal-weight-gain-as-a-predictor-for-the-development-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#1
Manoj Biniwale, Angela Weiner, Smeeta Sardesai, Rowena Cayabyab, Lorayne Barton, Rangasamy Ramanathan
OBJECTIVE: To validate the reliability of early postnatal weight gain as an accurate predictor of type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring treatment in a large predominantly Hispanic US cohort with the use of an online tool called WINROP (weight, neonatal retinopathy of prematurity (IGF-1), neonatal retinopathy of prematurity). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study consisted of preterm infants < 32 weeks gestation and birth weight < 1500 grams...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919976/impacts-of-prenatal-nutrition-on-animal-production-and-performance-a-focus-on-growth-and-metabolic-and-endocrine-function-in-sheep
#2
REVIEW
Prabhat Khanal, Mette Olaf Nielsen
The concept of foetal programming (FP) originated from human epidemiological studies, where foetal life nutrition was linked to health and disease status later in life. Since the proposal of this phenomenon, it has been evaluated in various animal models to gain further insights into the mechanisms underlying the foetal origins of health and disease in humans. In FP research, the sheep has been quite extensively used as a model for humans. In this paper we will review findings mainly from our Copenhagen sheep model, on the implications of late gestation malnutrition for growth, development, and metabolic and endocrine functions later in life, and discuss how these implications may depend on the diet fed to the animal in early postnatal life...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916575/effects-of-probiotics-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-intraventricular-hemorrhage-mortality-length-of-hospital-stay-and-weight-gain-in-very-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915232/effects-of-early-nutrition-and-growth-on-brain-volumes-white-matter-microstructure-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-newborns
#4
Caterina Coviello, Kristin Keunen, Karina J Kersbergen, Floris Groenendaal, Alexander Leemans, Barbara Peels, Ivana Isgum, Max A Viergever, Linda S de Vries, Giuseppe Buonocore, Virgilio P Carnielli, Manon J N L Benders
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition and growth during the first 4 weeks after birth on cerebral volumes and white matter maturation at term equivalent age(TEA) and on neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years corrected age(CA), in preterm infants. METHODS: 131 infants born at a gestational age(GA)<31weeks with MRI at TEA were studied. Cortical gray matter volumes(CGM), basal ganglia and thalami(BGT) volumes, cerebellar volumes and total brain volume(TBV) were computed...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903892/effectiveness-of-smartmoms-a-novel-ehealth-intervention-for-management-of-gestational-weight-gain-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#5
Leanne M Redman, L Anne Gilmore, Jeffrey Breaux, Diana M Thomas, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Tiffany Stewart, Daniel S Hsia, Jeffrey Burton, John W Apolzan, Loren E Cain, Abby D Altazan, Shelly Ragusa, Heather Brady, Allison Davis, J Mick Tilford, Elizabeth F Sutton, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of pregnant women exceed gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. Because excess GWG is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and child, development of scalable and cost-effective approaches to deliver intensive lifestyle programs during pregnancy is urgent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to decrease the proportion of women who exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines. METHODS: In a parallel-arm randomized controlled trial, 54 pregnant women (age 18-40 years) who were overweight (n=25) or obese (n=29) were enrolled to test whether an intensive lifestyle intervention (called SmartMoms) decreased the proportion of women with excess GWG, defined as exceeding the 2009 IOM guidelines, compared to no intervention (usual care group)...
September 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902184/the-relationship-between-infancy-growth-rate-and-the-onset-of-puberty-in-both-genders
#6
Banu Kucukemre Aydin, Esra Devecioglu, Alev Kadioglu, Ayca Erkin Cakmak, Sezin Kisabacak, Gulbin Gokcay, Firdevs Bas, Sukran Poyrazoglu, Ruveyde Bundak, Feyza Darendeliler
BackgroundIn this study, we examined the hypothesis that weight gain and linear growth during the first years of life influence the onset of puberty both in girls and in boys.MethodsA cohort of 157 healthy children, aged 6-9 years, was evaluated and their growth patterns were analyzed retrospectively. Repeated measures mixed model was used to examine the longitudinal anthropometric data.ResultsGirls with pubertal signs were heavier than their peers starting at 9 months of age (P=0.02), and the difference became more evident over time (P<0...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901851/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-post-partum-risk-and-follow-up
#7
Silpa Poola-Kella, Rachel A Steinman, Bayan Mesmar, Rana Malek
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at an increased risk for developing metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease. In this review, we will discuss postpartum cardiovascular and diabetes risk in women with a history of GDM and different ways to improve postpartum screening. METHODS: This review involves a comprehensive literature review on gestational diabetes and post-partum risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus as well as post-partum screening methods...
September 11, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901544/effect-of-obesity-on-neonatal-hypoglycaemia-in-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-a-comparative-study
#8
Katherine Collins, Raoul Oehmen, Shailender Mehta
BACKGROUND: Rates of pre-gestational obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are increasing in Australia. While both are established risk factors for neonatal hypoglycaemia, the additive effect of both risks on neonatal hypoglycaemia is not well understood. AIMS: To determine the influence of obesity on neonatal hypoglycaemia among infants born to GDM mothers. The authors hypothesise the presence of a greater frequency and severity of neonatal hypoglycaemia in infants born to obese GDM women...
September 13, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898404/high-versus-standard-volume-enteral-feeds-to-promote-growth-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#9
REVIEW
Thangaraj Abiramalatha, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, Anand Viswanathan, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Breast milk alone, given at standard recommended volumes (150 to 180 mL/kg/d), is not adequate to meet the protein, energy, and other nutrient requirements of growing preterm or low birth weight infants. One strategy that may be used to address these potential nutrient deficits is to give infants enteral feeds in excess of 200 mL/kg/d ('high-volume' feeds). This approach may increase nutrient uptake and growth rates, but concerns include that high-volume enteral feeds may cause feed intolerance, gastro-oesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, necrotising enterocolitis, or complications related to fluid overload, including patent ductus arteriosus and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886825/exercise-in-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Vanessa H Gregg, James E Ferguson
Routine exercise should be recommended to healthy pregnant women after consultation with an obstetric provider. Even pregnant women who have not been exercising regularly can gradually increase their exercise during pregnancy. Regular exercise during pregnancy promotes overall wellness and helps maintain appropriate gestational weight gain and appropriate fetal weight gain. Exercise in pregnancy may also reduce hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes, and may be associated with shorter first stage of labor and decreased risk for cesarean section...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885564/relationship-between-the-nutritional-status-of-vitamin-a-per-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-maternal-anthropometry-and-anemia-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#11
Sabrina Cruz, Andréa Matos, Suelem Pereira da Cruz, Silvia Pereira, Carlos Saboya, Andréa Ramalho
The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A per trimester of pregnancy, as well as to assess its influence on pre-pregnancy BMI, total gestational weight gain (TGWG) and presence of anemia in women who had previously undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). An analytical, longitudinal and retrospective study comprising 30 pregnant women who had previously undergone RYGB was undertaken. In all trimesters of pregnancy, the serum concentrations of retinol, β-carotene, stages of vitamin A deficiency (VAD), night blindness (NB), anemia and anthropometric variables were assessed...
September 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883729/maternal-exposure-to-nanosized-titanium-dioxide-suppresses-embryonic-development-in-mice
#12
Fashui Hong, Yingjun Zhou, Xiaoyang Zhao, Lei Sheng, Ling Wang
Although nanoscale titanium dioxide (nano-TiO2) has been extensively used in industrial food applications and daily products for pregnant women, infants, and children, its potential toxicity on fetal development has been rarely studied. The main objective of this investigation was to establish the effects of maternal exposure of nano-TiO2 on developing embryos. Female imprinting control region mice were orally administered nano-TiO2 from gestational day 0 to 17. Our findings showed that Ti concentrations in maternal serum, placenta, and fetus were increased in nano-TiO2-exposed mice when compared to controls, which resulted in reductions in the contents of calcium and zinc in maternal serum, placenta, and fetus, maternal weight gain, placental weight, fetal weight, number of live fetuses, and fetal crown-rump length as well as cauda length, and caused an increase in the number of both dead fetuses and resorptions...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883541/prenatal-risk-factors-influencing-childhood-bmi-and-overweight-independent-of-birth-weight-and-infancy-bmi-a-path-analysis-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#13
C S Morgen, L Ängquist, J L Baker, A-Mn Andersen, K F Michaelsen, T I A Sørensen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prenatal risk factors for childhood overweight may operate indirectly through development in body size in early life and/or directly independent hereof. We quantified the effects of maternal and paternal body mass index (BMI), maternal age, socioeconomic position (SEP), parity, gestational weight gain, maternal smoking during pregnancy, caesarean section, birth weight, and BMI at 5 and 12 months on BMI and overweight at 7 and 11 years. METHODS: Family triads with information on maternal, paternal and child BMI at ages 7 (n=29 374) and 11 years (n=18 044) were selected from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882133/is-a-motivational-interviewing-based-lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-pregnant-women-across-europe-implemented-as-planned-process-evaluation-of-the-dali-study
#14
Judith G M Jelsma, David Simmons, Nina Gobat, Stephen Rollnick, Kinga Blumska, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Fabiola Juarez, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Andre van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Dirk Timmerman, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Ewa Wender-Ożegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Stefano Del Prato, Alessandra Bertolotto, Fidelma Dunne, Dorte M Jensen, Liselotte Andersen, Frank J Snoek, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Process evaluation is an essential part of designing and assessing complex interventions. The vitamin D and lifestyle intervention study (DALI) study is testing different strategies to prevent development of gestational diabetes mellitus among European obese pregnant women with a body mass index ≥29 kg/m(2). The intervention includes guidance on physical activity and/or healthy eating by a lifestyle coach trained in motivational interviewing (MI). The aim of this study was to assess the process elements: reach, dose delivered, fidelity and satisfaction and to investigate whether these process elements were associated with changes in gestational weight gain (GWG)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882122/prevalence-and-predictors-of-early-gestational-weight-gain-associated-with-obesity-risk-in-a-diverse-australian-antenatal-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
K Cheney, S Berkemeier, K A Sim, A Gordon, K Black
BACKGROUND: Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) leads to adverse short- and long-term consequences for women and their offspring. Evidence suggests that excess GWG in early pregnancy may be particularly detrimental, contributing to the intergenerational cycle of obesity. The primary outcome was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of excess GWG in early pregnancy, and if women understand the risks to themselves and their offspring stratified by maternal body mass index (BMI)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877895/trajectories-of-maternal-weight-from-before-pregnancy-through-postpartum-and-associations-with-childhood-obesity
#16
Stephanie A Leonard, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Janet C King, Barbara Abrams
Background: Prepregnancy body mass index [BMI (in kg/m(2))], gestational weight gain, and postpartum weight retention may have distinct effects on the development of child obesity, but their combined effect is currently unknown.Objective: We described longitudinal trajectories of maternal weight from before pregnancy through the postpartum period and assessed the relations between maternal weight trajectories and offspring obesity in childhood.Design: We analyzed data from 4436 pairs of mothers and their children in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (1981-2014)...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872892/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-shift-across-gestation-an-association-with-breastfeeding-practices
#17
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesco Cavallin, Pietro Guerrini, Martina Bertin, Gianluca Straface
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that mother's obesity and underweight are major risk factors for reduced initiation, duration, and exclusivity of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: We compared breastfeeding practices from discharge until the third postnatal month in women, accounting to prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and its shift across gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Data on maternal shifts in BMI category from prepregnancy to gestational BMI by gestational weight gain (GWG) were defined according to 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines...
September 5, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870230/pre-pregnancy-weight-gestational-weight-gain-and-the-gut-microbiota-of-mothers-and-their-infants
#18
Maggie A Stanislawski, Dana Dabelea, Brandie D Wagner, Marci K Sontag, Catherine A Lozupone, Merete Eggesbø
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence supports that the maternal gut microbiota impacts the initial infant gut microbiota. Since the gut microbiota may play a causal role in the development of obesity, it is important to understand how pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain (GWG) impact the gut microbiota of mothers at the time of delivery and their infants in early life. In this study, we performed 16S rRNA gene sequencing on gut microbiota samples from 169 women 4 days after delivery and from the 844 samples of their infants at six timepoints during the first 2 years of life...
September 4, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864012/maternal-obesity-and-gestational-weight-gain-are-modestly-associated-with-umbilical-cord-dna-methylation
#19
Keshari M Thakali, Jennifer B Faske, Arjun Ishwar, Maria P Alfaro, Mario A Cleves, Thomas M Badger, Aline Andres, Kartik Shankar
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity (OB) and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) are strong independent contributors that augment obesity risk in offspring. However, direct evidence of epigenetic changes associated with maternal habitus remains sparse. METHODS: We utilized Bisulfite Amplicon Sequencing (BSAS) to conduct targeted DNA methylation association analysis of maternal obesity and excessive GWG with DNA methylation of select metabolism-related and imprinted genes...
September 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863267/obesity-as-a-predictor-of-delayed-lactogenesis-ii
#20
Irma Preusting, Jessica Brumley, Linda Odibo, Diane L Spatz, Judette M Louis
BACKGROUND: Lactogenesis II is the onset of copious milk production. A delay in this has been associated with an increased risk of formula supplementation and early cessation of breastfeeding. Prepregnancy obesity has also been associated with decreased breastfeeding rates and early cessation. Research aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of prepregnancy obesity on self-reported delayed lactogenesis II. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 216 women with a singleton pregnancy and who planned to breastfeed...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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