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Abusive head trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913434/factors-influencing-child-protection-professionals-decision-making-and-multidisciplinary-collaboration-in-suspected-abusive-head-trauma-cases-a-qualitative-study
#1
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
Clinicians face unique challenges when assessing suspected child abuse cases. The majority of the literature exploring diagnostic decision-making in this field is anecdotal or survey-based and there is a lack of studies exploring decision-making around suspected abusive head trauma (AHT). We aimed to determine factors influencing decision-making and multidisciplinary collaboration in suspected AHT cases, amongst 56 child protection professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
June 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903429/simulation-based-research-to-improve-infant-health-outcomes-using-the-infant-simulator-to-prevent-infant-shaking
#2
Kirsten Bechtel
Simulation is a technique that creates a situation or environment to allow persons to experience a representation of a real event for the purpose of practice, learning, evaluation, testing, or to gain understanding of systems or human actions. We will first provide an introduction to simulation in healthcare and describe the two types of simulation-based research (SBR) in the pediatric population. We will then provide an overview of the use of SBR to improve health outcomes for infants in health care settings and to improve parent-child interactions using the infant simulator...
June 11, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882736/complications-following-pediatric-cranioplasty-after-decompressive-craniectomy-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#3
Brandon G Rocque, Bonita S Agee, Eric M Thompson, Mark Piedra, Lissa C Baird, Nathan R Selden, Stephanie Greene, Christopher P Deibert, Todd C Hankinson, Sean M Lew, Bermans J Iskandar, Taryn M Bragg, David Frim, Gerald Grant, Nalin Gupta, Kurtis I Auguste, Dimitrios C Nikas, Michael Vassilyadi, Carrie R Muh, Nicholas M Wetjen, Sandi K Lam
OBJECTIVE In children, the repair of skull defects arising from decompressive craniectomy presents a unique set of challenges. Single-center studies have identified different risk factors for the common complications of cranioplasty resorption and infection. The goal of the present study was to determine the risk factors for bone resorption and infection after pediatric cranioplasty. METHODS The authors conducted a multicenter retrospective case study that included all patients who underwent cranioplasty to correct a skull defect arising from a decompressive craniectomy at 13 centers between 2000 and 2011 and were less than 19 years old at the time of cranioplasty...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859269/variation-in-advanced-cervical-spine-imaging-in-abusive-head-trauma-an-update-on-recent-literature-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
M Katherine Henry, Joanne N Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801909/infantile-traumatic-brain-injury-with-a-biphasic-clinical-course-and-late-reduced-diffusion
#5
Nanako Takase, Noboru Igarashi, Hiromichi Taneichi, Kumi Yasukawa, Takafumi Honda, Hiromichi Hamada, Jun-Ichi Takanashi
Reduced diffusion in the subcortical white matter has been reported in some infants with traumatic brain injury (TBI), including abusive head trauma. However, the pathomechanisms of the lesions and clinical features are uncertain. We herein report two infants with TBI who presented with biphasic clinical courses and late reduced diffusion in the subcortical white matter, and reviewed seven clinically and radiologically similar patients with TBI. Their clinical features (secondary neurological symptoms on days 3 to 6) and radiological findings (normal diffusion on days 1 to 2, followed by reduced diffusion on days 3 to 6) are very similar to those observed in patients with acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD)...
July 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796797/consensus-statement-on-abusive-head-trauma-in-infants-and-young-children
#6
REVIEW
Arabinda Kumar Choudhary, Sabah Servaes, Thomas L Slovis, Vincent J Palusci, Gary L Hedlund, Sandeep K Narang, Joëlle Anne Moreno, Mark S Dias, Cindy W Christian, Marvin D Nelson, V Michelle Silvera, Susan Palasis, Maria Raissaki, Andrea Rossi, Amaka C Offiah
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is the leading cause of fatal head injuries in children younger than 2 years. A multidisciplinary team bases this diagnosis on history, physical examination, imaging and laboratory findings. Because the etiology of the injury is multifactorial (shaking, shaking and impact, impact, etc.) the current best and inclusive term is AHT. There is no controversy concerning the medical validity of the existence of AHT, with multiple components including subdural hematoma, intracranial and spinal changes, complex retinal hemorrhages, and rib and other fractures that are inconsistent with the provided mechanism of trauma...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#7
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753199/acceptability-of-the-predicting-abusive-head-trauma-predaht-clinical-prediction-tool-a-qualitative-study-with-child-protection-professionals
#8
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
The validated Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool estimates the probability of abusive head trauma (AHT) based on combinations of six clinical features: head/neck bruising; apnea; seizures; rib/long-bone fractures; retinal hemorrhages. We aimed to determine the acceptability of PredAHT to child protection professionals. We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 participants: clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
May 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725561/endoscopic-lavage-of-extensive-chronic-subdural-hematoma-in-an-infant-after-abusive-head-trauma-adaptation-of-a-technique-from-ventricular-neuroendoscopy
#9
Thomas Beez, Ann Kristin Schmitz, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Christopher Munoz-Bendix
Subdural fluid collections are frequently encountered in young children after non-accidental injury. In a subset of patients, these collections progress in size and ultimately require permanent drainage, which is commonly achieved with subdural-peritoneal shunts. However, excessive protein and cellular contents in the fluid are potential risk factors for shunt failure. Here, we describe the adaptation of an endoscopic lavage technique established for ventricular endoscopy with the aim of improving fluid condition prior to shunting...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700200/external-validation-of-the-pedibirn-clinical-prediction-rule-for-abusive-head-trauma
#10
Helena Pfeiffer, Anne Smith, Alison Mary Kemp, Laura Elizabeth Cowley, John A Cheek, Stuart R Dalziel, Meredith L Borland, Sharon O'Brien, Megan Bonisch, Jocelyn Neutze, Ed Oakley, Louise Crowe, Stephen J C Hearps, Mark D Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A 4-variable abusive head trauma (AHT) clinical prediction rule (CPR) for use in the PICU was derived and validated for children <3 years of age by the Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network (PediBIRN). We aimed to externally validate PediBIRN as designed (PICU only) as well as using broader inclusion criteria (admitted children with head injuries). METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective multicenter study of pediatric head injuries at 5 Australian and New Zealand tertiary pediatric centers...
May 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695583/relevance-of-abusive-head-trauma-to-intracranial-hemorrhages-and-bleeding-disorders
#11
James D Anderst, Shannon L Carpenter, Rodney Presley, Molly Curtin Berkoff, Allison P Wheeler, Robert F Sidonio, J Michael Soucie
BACKGROUND: Bleeding disorders and abusive head trauma (AHT) are associated with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), including subdural hemorrhage (SDH). Because both conditions often present in young children, the need to screen for bleeding disorders would be better informed by data that include trauma history and are specific to young children. The Universal Data Collection database contains information on ICH in subjects with bleeding disorders, including age and trauma history. Study objectives were to (1) characterize the prevalence and calculate the probabilities of any ICH, traumatic ICH, and nontraumatic ICH in children with congenital bleeding disorders; (2) characterize the prevalence of spontaneous SDH on the basis of bleeding disorder; and (3) identify cases of von Willebrand disease (vWD) that mimic AHT...
May 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672696/infant-abuse-diagnosis-associated-with-abusive-head-trauma-criteria-incidence-increase-due-to-overdiagnosis
#12
Ulf Högberg, Erik Lampa, Göran Högberg, Peter Aspelin, Fredrik Serenius, Ingemar Thiblin
Background: The hypothesis of this study is that the diagnosis of infant abuse is associated with criteria for shaken baby syndrome (SBS)/abusive head trauma (AHT), and that that changes in incidence of abuse diagnosis in infants may be due to increased awareness of SBS/AHT criteria. Methods: This was a population-based register study. Setting: Register study using the Swedish Patient Register, Medical Birth Register, and Cause of Death Register. The diagnosis of infant abuse was based on the International Classification of Diseases, 9th and 10th revision...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649020/autologous-bone-flap-resorption-years-after-subtemporal-craniotomy
#13
John Oladapo Obafunwa, Emily Hammerl, David Jaskierny, Livia Taylor, Lynette Russell, Karl Reinhard
In Spring of 2012, the partially undressed and skeletonized remains of a homeless adult Hispanic male was found in a fairly open wooded area in Nebraska. The remains showed evidence of extensive pathologies, which included healed traumas and surgeries. Examination of the decedent's medical records revealed that he had a history of kidney and liver problems, alcohol abuse, several traumas including a major head injury that necessitated a craniotomy, and radiological features of neurocysticercosis. The autologous bone flap, which was replaced after the craniotomy, had resorbed significantly away from the edges of the injury...
June 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629228/cranial-autologous-bone-flap-resorption-after-a-cranioplasty-a-case-report
#14
Sabrina A de França, Thales B Nepomuceno, Wellingson S Paiva, Almir F Andrade, Manoel J Teixeira, Wagner M Tavares
Background: Craniectomies and cranioplasty are common neurosurgical procedures performed after brain trauma, ischemia, tumor resection, or infection. Post-cranioplasty autologous bone flap resorption may occur in patients after delayed cranial reconstruction. The occurrence is usually low when bone flaps are stored in subcutaneous abdominal tissue. We report a unique case of post-cranioplasty cranial bone flap. Case Description: We report a total autologous bone flap resorption in a 28-year-old man with a history of alcohol abuse...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625848/seizure-severity-is-correlated-with-severity-of-hypoxic-ischemic-injury-in-abusive-head-trauma
#15
Andra L Dingman, Nicholas V Stence, Brent R O'Neill, Stefan H Sillau, Kevin E Chapman
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to characterize hypoxic-ischemic injury and seizures in abusive head trauma. METHODS: We studied 58 children with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury due to abusive head trauma. Continuous electroencephalograms and magnetic resonance images were scored. RESULTS: Electrographic seizures (51.2%) and hypoxic-ischemic injury (77.4%) were common in our cohort. Younger age was associated with electrographic seizures (no seizures: median age 13...
May 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622594/clinical-prediction-rules-for-abusive-head-trauma-a-systematic-review
#16
Helena Pfeiffer, Louise Crowe, Alison Mary Kemp, Laura Elizabeth Cowley, Anne S Smith, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: Misdiagnosis of abusive head trauma (AHT) has serious consequences for children and families. This systematic review identifies and compares clinical prediction rules (CPredRs) assisting clinicians in assessing suspected AHT. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed and Cochrane databases (January 1996 to August 2016). Externally validated CPredRs focusing on the detection of AHT in the clinical setting were included. RESULTS: Of 110 potential articles identified, three studies met the inclusion criteria: the Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network (PediBIRN) 4-Variable AHT CPredR, the Predicting Abusive Head Trauma (PredAHT) tool and the Pittsburgh Infant Brain Injury Score (PIBIS)...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606408/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-and-bias-in-the-evaluation-and-reporting-of-abusive-head-trauma
#17
Kent P Hymel, Antoinette L Laskey, Kathryn R Crowell, Ming Wang, Veronica Armijo-Garcia, Terra N Frazier, Kelly S Tieves, Robin Foster, Kerri Weeks
OBJECTIVE: To characterize racial and ethnic disparities in the evaluation and reporting of suspected abusive head trauma (AHT) across the 18 participating sites of the Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network (PediBIRN). We hypothesized that such disparities would be confirmed at multiple sites and occur more frequently in patients with a lower risk for AHT. STUDY DESIGN: Aggregate and site-specific analysis of the cross-sectional PediBIRN dataset, comparing AHT evaluation and reporting frequencies in subpopulations of white/non-Hispanic and minority race/ethnicity patients with lower vs higher risk for AHT...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605229/when-soothing-succeeds-simulating-a-risk-for-repeated-shaking-in-abusive-head-trauma-in-infants
#18
Mandy Chen, Ronald G Barr, Erica Miller, Nichole Fairbrother, Alissa Antle, Rollin Brant
PURPOSE: To investigate the observation that perpetrators of abusive head trauma engage in repeated shakings because shaking "works" to quiet the infant. METHODS: Sixty first-time parent couples individually cared for a programmable model infant in two consecutive 7-min trials. After six minutes of consolable followed by inconsolable crying, parents selected one of three soothing techniques. For trial one, parents were randomized to a "Successful" or "Failed" Soothing Condition...
March 28, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564546/sports-psychiatry-mental-health-and-mental-disorders-in-athletes-and-exercise-treatment-of-mental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Andreas Ströhle
Sports psychiatry has developed for the past 3 decades as an emerging field within psychiatry and sports medicine. An International society has been established in 1994 and also national interest groups were implemented, mostly within the national organizations for psychiatry, some also containing the topic of exercise treatment of mental disorders. Where are we now 30 years later? We systematically but also selectively review the medical literature on exercise, sport, psychiatry, mental health and mental disorders and related topics...
March 21, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548839/comparison-of-the-characteristics-of-retinal-hemorrhages-in-abusive-head-trauma-versus-normal-vaginal-delivery
#20
So Young Kim, Linda A Morgan, Andrew J Baldwin, Donny W Suh
BACKGROUND: Retinal hemorrhage (RH) is one of the hallmarks of abusive head trauma (AHT); however, RH is also encountered with normal vaginal deliveries (NVD) and thus presents the clinician with a diagnostic dilemma. The purpose of this study was to compare RHs in AHT with those of NVD. METHODS: Records of with AHT and NVD infants with RH evaluated from 2013 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Pattern, size, extent, and severity were compared using RetCam images...
April 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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