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Abusive head trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211592/a-methodology-for-assessing-deployment-trauma-and-its-consequences-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-the-tracts-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Jennifer R Fonda, Catherine Brawn Fortier
Many US veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have multiple physical and psychiatric problems. A major focus of research has been on determining the effects of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), but mTBI is rarely diagnosed in the absence of co-occurring conditions such as blast exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, substance abuse, etc. These potentially interactive psychological and physical conditions produce complex patterns of cognitive, psychological, and physical symptoms that impede civilian reintegration and complicate efficient and effective treatment planning...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190553/cervical-spine-imaging-for-young-children-with-inflicted-trauma-expanding-the-injury-pattern
#2
Joanne Baerg, Arul Thirumoorthi, Rosemary Vannix, Asma Taha, Amy Young, Alexander Zouros
AIM: The purpose of this study was to document the incidence and pattern of cervical spine (c-spine) injuries in children below 36months with inflicted trauma. METHODS: An IRB approved, prospective cohort study was performed between July 2011 and January 2016. Inclusion criteria were: age below 36months, loss of consciousness after inflicted trauma, and one initial head computed tomography finding: a subdural, intraventricular, intraparenchymal, subarachnoid hemorrhage, diffuse axonal injury, hypoxic injury, or cerebral edema...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183837/diagnostic-performance-of-ultrafast-brain-mri-for-evaluation-of-abusive-head-trauma
#3
S F Kralik, M Yasrebi, N Supakul, C Lin, L G Netter, R A Hicks, R A Hibbard, L L Ackerman, M L Harris, C Y Ho
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging with sedation is commonly used to detect intracranial traumatic pathology in the pediatric population. Our purpose was to compare nonsedated ultrafast MR imaging, noncontrast head CT, and standard MR imaging for the detection of intracranial trauma in patients with potential abusive head trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed in 24 pediatric patients who were evaluated for potential abusive head trauma...
February 9, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160241/retinal-haemorrhages-in-a-university-hospital-not-always-abusive-head-injury
#4
M Mattheij, C Venstermans, I de Veuster, I Vanderstraete, T Menovsky, P Jorens, B Ceulemans
Retinal haemorrhages (RH) and subdural haematomas (SDH) are frequently seen in abusive head trauma (AHT). The aim of our study is to show that they are suggestive, but not pathognomonic for AHT. We performed an observational retrospective study on children, aged 1-18 months old, admitted to the Antwerp University Hospital with RH. History, physical examination, medical course, coagulation and metabolic tests, skeletal survey, head circumference, retinal findings, cerebral imaging, and evaluation reports by social services or civil/criminal courts were collected...
February 3, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135369/prevention-of-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-time-to-rethink-interventions-and-reframe-messages
#5
John M Leventhal, Andrea G Asnes, Kirsten Bechtel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135348/association-of-a-postnatal-parent-education-program-for-abusive-head-trauma-with-subsequent-pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-hospitalization-rates
#6
Mark S Dias, Carroll M Rottmund, Kelly M Cappos, Marie E Reed, Ming Wang, Christina Stetter, Michele L Shaffer, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Ian M Paul, Cindy W Christian, Rachel P Berger, Joanne Klevens
Importance: Studies suggest that a postnatal parental intervention may reduce the incidence of abusive head trauma (AHT) of infants and young children. Objective: To assess the effect of statewide universal AHT education for parents on AHT hospitalization rates in Pennsylvania and on parents' self-reported knowledge gains and parenting behaviors. Design, Setting, and Participants: Changes in AHT hospitalization rates in Pennsylvania before and during the intervention were compared with those in 5 other states lacking universal parental AHT education during the same period...
January 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104500/photographic-assessment-of-retinal-hemorrhages-in-infant-head-injury-the-childhood-hemorrhagic-retinopathy-study
#7
Gaurav Bhardwaj, Mark B Jacobs, Frank J Martin, Kieran T Moran, Kristina Prelog, Craig Donaldson, Ute Vollmer-Conna, Minas T Coroneo
BACKGROUND: Retinal hemorrhages (RH) in babies in the absence of severe trauma or a medical cause have been strongly associated with abusive head trauma (AHT). We examined the pattern of RH in accidental head injury and AHT objectively using widefield retinal imaging. METHODS: A total of 118 infants and children 1-36 months of age admitted with head injuries at two centers were included in this prospective, consecutive, comparative cohort study. Dilated fundus examination was performed with indirect ophthalmoscopy and widefield imaging...
January 16, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087346/patterns-of-retinal-hemorrhage-associated-with-pediatric-cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#8
Gil Binenbaum, Julia E Reid, David L Rogers, Anne K Jensen, Lori L Billinghurst, Brian J Forbes
BACKGROUND: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) has been proposed as an alternative cause of retinal hemorrhage (RH) in children being evaluated for abusive head trauma. This study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of RH in children with CSVT. METHODS: The medical records of children >6 weeks of age with newly diagnosed CSVT and fundus examination by an ophthalmologist were examined retrospectively. Primary outcomes were presence and patterns of RH...
February 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050641/children-presenting-in-delayed-fashion-after-minor-head-trauma-with-scalp-swelling-do-they-require-further-workup
#9
Jonathan N Sellin, Amee Moreno, Sheila L Ryan, Sandi K Lam, Marcella Donaruma-Kwoh, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
PURPOSE: It is common to evaluate children who have sustained minor head trauma with computed tomography (CT) of the head. Scalp swelling, in particular, has been associated with intracranial injury. A subset of patients, however, present in delayed fashion, often days after the head trauma, as soft tissue edema progresses and their caregiver notices scalp swelling. We explore the value of further workup in this setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of a prospectively collected cohort of children ≤24 months of age presenting to the Texas Children's Hospital with scalp swelling more than 24 h following a head trauma...
January 3, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039943/the-pecarn-tbi-rules-do-not-apply-to-abusive-head-trauma
#10
Julia Nicole Magana, Nathan Kuppermann
The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) traumatic brain injury (TBI) prediction rules were developed to identify children at very low risk for clinically-important TBIs (ciTBIs), for whom computed tomography (CT) scans can typically be obviated.(1) The PECARN prediction rules have been validated in several settings and countries.(2-5) The PECARN TBI rules, one developed for children younger than 2 years, and the other for those 2 years and older, rely on accurate patient history and physical examination findings gathered at the time of emergency department (ED) presentation...
December 31, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017711/evaluation-of-the-hypothesis-that-choking-alte-may-mimic-abusive-head-trauma
#11
Jennifer B Hansen, Terra Frazier, Mary Moffatt, Timothy Zinkus, James D Anderst
OBJECTIVE: Apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs), often accompanied by choking, have been hypothesized to cause subdural hemorrhages (SDH), retinal hemorrhages, and brain injury. If the choking/ALTE hypothesis were true, children who present with ALTE and SDH would have fewer extracranial injuries suspicious for abuse than those with SDH and no ALTE. We aimed to compare the prevalence of suspicious extracranial injuries in children who have ALTE-associated SDH to those with non-ALTE SDH...
December 22, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982430/severe-retinal-hemorrhages-with-retinoschisis-in-infants-are-not-pathognomonic-for-abusive-head-trauma
#12
Mark J Shuman, Kenneth D Hutchins
The combination of subdural hemorrhage (SDH), retinal hemorrhage (RH), and encephalopathy, or the presence of severe retinal hemorrhages alone in infants, is often attributed to and has been stated to be pathognomonic for abusive head trauma (AHT) or shaken baby syndrome. These beliefs have been challenged, because the same constellation of findings has been identified in accidental head injuries and natural diseases, and most if not all of the studies that support the concept of diagnostic specificity have serious flaws in their methodology...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928593/osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-associated-with-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis
#13
REVIEW
Shoji Baba, Goro Motomura, Junichi Fukushi, Satoshi Ikemura, Kazuhiko Sonoda, Yusuke Kubo, Takeshi Utsunomiya, Hiroyuki Hatanaka, Yasuharu Nakashima
A 23-year-old Japanese woman with no history of corticosteroid intake or alcohol abuse presented with a 10-month history of left hip pain without any antecedent trauma. An anteroposterior radiograph performed 10 months after the onset of pain showed slight joint space narrowing and bone erosions surrounded by sclerotic lesions in both the acetabular roof and femoral neck. Magnetic resonance images of the left hip showed a feature of osteonecrosis of the femoral head and a mass with villus proliferation extending from the posterior intertrochanteric area to the anteromedial aspect of the femoral neck...
December 7, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885942/enlarged-subarachnoid-spaces-and-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-children-with-accidental-head-trauma
#14
Amanda K Fingarson, Maura E Ryan, Suzanne G McLone, Corey Bregman, Emalee G Flaherty
OBJECTIVE Benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) is an enlargement of the subarachnoid spaces (SASs) that can be seen in young children. It is controversial whether children with BEH are predisposed to developing subdural hemorrhage (SDH) with or without trauma. This issue is clinically relevant as a finding of unexplained SDH raises concerns about child abuse and often prompts child protection and law enforcement investigations. METHODS This retrospective study included children (1-24 months of age) who underwent head CT scanning after an accidental fall of less than 6 feet...
February 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864928/classification-of-porcine-cranial-fracture-patterns-using-a-fracture-printing-interface
#15
Feng Wei, Serhat Selçuk Bucak, Jennifer M Vollner, Todd W Fenton, Anil K Jain, Roger C Haut
Distinguishing between accidental and abusive head trauma in children can be difficult, as there is a lack of baseline data for pediatric cranial fracture patterns. A porcine head model has recently been developed and utilized in a series of studies to investigate the effects of impact energy level, surface type, and constraint condition on cranial fracture patterns. In the current study, an automated pattern recognition method, or a fracture printing interface (FPI), was developed to classify cranial fracture patterns that were associated with different impact scenarios documented in previous experiments...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862642/external-validation-of-the-pecarn-head-trauma-prediction-rules-in-japan
#16
Kentaro Ide, Satoko Uematsu, Kenichi Tetsuhara, Satoshi Yoshimura, Takahiro Kato, Tohru Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: The Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) head trauma prediction rules are used to assist computed tomography (CT) decision-making for children with minor head trauma. Although the PECARN rules have been validated in North America and Europe, they have not yet been validated in Asia. In Japan, there are no clinical decision rules for children with minor head trauma. The rate of head CT for children with minor head trauma in Japan is high since CT is widely accessible across the country...
November 12, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851172/1536-abusive-head-trauma-and-mortality-an-analysis-from-an-international-comparative-effectiveness-study
#17
Nikki Miller Ferguson, Patrick Kochanek, Michael Bell, Stephen Wisniewski, Ajit Sarnaik, Darryl Miles, Nadeem Shafi, Edward Truemper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832341/non-accidental-trauma-the-role-of-radiology
#18
Cory M Pfeifer, Matthew R Hammer, Kate L Mangona, Timothy N Booth
Non-accidental trauma is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Given the vulnerable state of the child, the radiologist can often provide valuable diagnostic information in the setting of suspected abuse. This review focuses on common findings of abusive trauma and serves as a guide to aid in clinical decision-making for providers of emergency medicine and pediatrics. Amid this discussion is an assessment of modern controversies regarding reported mimicking pathologies, recapitulation of the current state of evidence with respect to radiologic findings of abuse, and examination of the contribution that spine imaging may add to the diagnosis of possible abusive head trauma in the acutely injured child...
November 10, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821497/pediatric-abusive-head-trauma-prevention-initiatives-a-literature-review
#19
Nahara Rodrigues Laterza Lopes, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Williams
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that needs to be prevented. The aim of this study was to summarize the main AHT prevention strategies described in literature, aiming to identify evidence of their efficiency, as well as strengths and limitations. International databases were reviewed from 2005 to 2015 using the key words Shaken Baby Syndrome or abusive head trauma or nonaccidental head trauma or abusive head injury or nonaccidental head injury and prevention A total of 1,215 articles were found and 34 complete articles were selected for this study...
November 6, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783389/persistent-retinal-iron-in-abusive-head-trauma
#20
Babette Bais, Wouter A Karst, Bela Kubat, Robert M Verdijk
Retinal hemosiderin deposition is a histologic indicator of sustained hemorrhage but cannot be used to precisely estimate the elapsed time since an episode of trauma. A 5-month-old male infant was admitted to hospital after acute deterioration. Examination revealed encephalopathy, subdural hematomas, and retinal hemorrhages consistent with abusive head trauma (AHT). At the age of 3, he was readmitted to hospital with spontaneous osteopenic fracture of the right femur. The patient deteriorated and died after unsuccessful resuscitation...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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