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Subclavian steal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635874/-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#1
A V Zavaruev
Literature data on the etiology, clinical picture, diagnostic variants and treatment of subclavian steal syndrome are reviewed. Different clinical variants and neurological symptoms of the syndrome are described. Multispiral computed tomography, along with ultrasound examination, is important in the diagnosis of the syndrome and its causes. The use of other methods is necessary for more accurate diagnosis and prevention of perioperative complications. The character of damage of subclavian arteries and brachiocephalic stem should be taken into account in the choice of an optimal method of surgical treatment...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579507/a-case-of-ruptured-vertebrobasilar-junction-aneurysm-associated-with-subclavian-steal-phenomenon
#2
Tetsuya Okuhara, Koji Hashimoto, Kazuya Kanemaru, Hideyuki Yoshioka, Takashi Yagi, Jun-Ei Obata, Kiyotaka Kugiyama, Hiroyuki Kinouchi
A 77-year-old woman with arteriovenous shunt for hemodialysis in the left forearm suffered from subarachnoid hemorrhage due to the rupture of a saccular aneurysm located on the left lateral wall of vertebrobasilar junction. Her left subclavian artery was severely stenosed and subclavian steal phenomenon was demonstrated on the digital subtraction angiography. Embolization of the parent artery including the aneurysm using detachable coils resulted in the successful obliteration of the aneurysm through the revascularized left subclavian artery...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565803/endovascular-treatment-and-morphology-typing-of-chronic-ostial-occlusion-of-the-subclavian-artery
#3
Jing-Liang Zhang, Wei Tong, Jian-Feng Lv, Lu-Xiang Chi
Chronic obstructive lesions of the subclavian artery (SCA) often result in subclavian steal syndrome, which leads to arm claudication, transient cerebral ischemia, and other serious complications. The lesions are classified as stenosis and occlusion, according to the degree of obstruction. Unlike totally occlusive lesions, including ostial occlusions, stenotic lesions have an excellent technical success rate. In the present study, ostial occlusions were classified into 4 types according to their angiographic appearance...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498910/extra-anatomical-bypass-in-complex-and-recurrent-aortic-coarctation-and-hypoplastic-arch%C3%A2
#4
Eva Maria Delmo Walter, Mariano Francisco Del Maria Javier, Roland Hetzer
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to report the selection schemes, technical variations and long-term outcome of extra-anatomical bypass to correct complex, recurrent aortic coarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2012, 53 patients (mean age 13.2 ± 4.3, median 11.6, range 9-23 years) with complex aortic coarctation ( n  = 33; long-segment hypoplastic aortic arch in 15), recurrent coarctation ( n  = 20; anastomosic pseudoaneurysm in 10), underwent correction using extra-anatomical bypass, either with ( n  = 18: femoral bypass = 13, left heart bypass = 5) or without ( n  = 35) extracorporeal circulation via a left lateral thoracotomy ( n = 48) and combined median sternotomy and median laparotomy ( n  = 5)...
May 11, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429699/quantitative-assessment-of-the-effect-of-subclavian-steal-syndrome-on-left-anterior-descending-artery-flow
#5
Hasan Arı, Selma Arı, Sencer Camcı, Alper Karakuş, Mehmet Melek
We presented a case of subclavian steal syndrome which has been evaluated and treated quantitatively by using fractional flow reserve technique. Treatment strategy to resolve symptoms of angina in patients with steal syndrome is controversial. Quantitative evaluation should direct choice of treatment strategy.
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420337/right-aortic-arch-analysis-anatomical-variant-or-serious-vascular-defect
#6
Agata Arazińska, Michał Polguj, Konrad Szymczyk, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Łukasz Trębiński, Ludomir Stefańczyk
BACKGROUND: The right-sided aortic arch (RAA) is a rare congenital defect of the aorta. The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of RAA in diagnoses performed by the University Radiology Department and analyze the frequency of concomitant vascular abnormalities. METHODS: The database of the Radiology Department was retrospectively analyzed between January 2008 and May 2016 with the keyword "right aortic arch". Twenty patients with this diagnosis were identified from a total of 11,690 CT examinations of the chest area, 19,623 CT examinations of brain-supplying vessels, and 1863 MRI examinations of the heart and aortic arch or brain-supplying arteries...
April 19, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416323/review-of-coronary-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Bennett Cua, Natasha Mamdani, David Halpin, Sunny Jhamnani, Sasanka Jayasuriya, Carlos Mena-Hurtado
The clinical benefits of using the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to bypass the left anterior descending artery are well established making it the most frequently used conduit for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) occurs during left arm exertion when (1) the LIMA is used during bypass surgery and (2) there is a high grade (≥75%) left subclavian artery stenosis or occlusion proximal to the ostia of the LIMA resulting in "stealing" of the myocardial blood supply via retrograde flow up the LIMA graft to maintain left upper extremity perfusion...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401711/screening-for-subclinical-subclavian-artery-stenosis-before-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-should-we-do-it
#8
REVIEW
Ali Abdul Jabbar, Justin Houston, Mark Burket, Zachary J Il'Giovine, Bal K Srivastava, Ajay Agarwal
Atherosclerotic subclavian artery disease is detected in about 5% of patients referred for coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery. The internal mammary artery, a branch of the subclavian artery, is the most frequently utilized graft to restore coronary circulation because of its longevity. Stenosis or occlusion of the subclavian artery can cause retrograde blood flow in the ipsilateral internal mammary artery, known as "steal," compromising coronary circulation supplied by the graft. Steal may be asymptomatic or may result in symptoms of myocardial ischemia...
April 12, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372904/risk-of-stroke-in-imaging-proven-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#9
Xia Tan, Harrison Xiao Bai, Zhili Wang, Li Yang
To determine the risk of stroke in patients with subclavian steal syndrome (SSS). We identified 165 patients with imaging-provenSSS from two hospitals. Demographic, clinical and imaging data were retrospectively collected. Patients were followed up for stroke events. Stroke occurred in 43 patients with a median follow-up of 28months. Seven of these cases were identified prospectively and 36 cases retrospectively. On multivariate analysis, presence of symptoms at presentation (p=0.029) was a significant predictor of stroke...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343259/numerical-and-experimental-analysis-of-the-transitional-flow-across-a-real-stenosis
#10
R Agujetas, C Ferrera, A C Marcos, J P Alejo, J M Montanero
In this paper, we present a numerical study of the pulsatile transitional flow crossing a severe real stenosis located right in front of the bifurcation between the right subclavian and right common carotid arteries. The simulation allows one to determine relevant features of this subject-specific flow, such as the pressure waves in the right subclavian and right common carotid arteries. We explain the subclavian steal syndrome suffered by the patient in terms of the drastic pressure drop in the right subclavian artery...
March 25, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329341/the-usefulness-of-the-hand-grip-exercise-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-myocardial-ischaemia-in-patients-with-coronary-subclavian-artery-steal-syndrome
#11
Jun Aono, Haruhiko Higashi, Jitsuo Higaki, Shuntaro Ikeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318140/subclavian-artery-stenting-for-coronary-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#12
Wuqiang Che, Hui Dong, Xiongjing Jiang, Meng Peng, Yubao Zou, Lei Song, Huimin Zhang, Yuejin Yang, Runlin Gao
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of subclavian artery stenting for coronary-subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS). BACKGROUND: CSSS is a rare cause of myocardial ischemia due to ipsilateral subclavian artery stenosis in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft. However, current knowledge of the optimal therapy for CSSS is limited. METHODS: The clinical data of 37 patients (33 male; mean age 65 ± 6 years) with CSSS who had undergone subclavian artery stenting between April 2007 and December 2015 were analyzed...
March 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242407/type-ii-endoleaks-left-arm-complications-and-need-of-revascularization-after-left-subclavian-artery-coverage-for-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms-endovascular-repair-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Sergio Quilici Belczak, Erasmo Simão Silva, Rafael Klajner, Pedro Puech-Leão, Nelson De Luccia
BACKGROUND: The status of the left arm, the need of revascularization, and the occurrence of type II endoleakes from de left subclavian artery (LSA) after intention LSA coverage for thoracic aortic aneurysm endovascular repair need to be better understood. This systematic review was developed for contributing with such issue. METHODS: Systematic literature review of studies published from January 2000 through December 2015 identified 7 studies comprising 201 patients submitted to elective endovascular repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms requiring intentional LSA coverage...
May 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165575/blurring-of-vision-in-subclavian-steal-syndrome-associated-with-an-upper-arm-arteriovenous-fistula
#14
Usman K Hayat, Aurang Z Khawaja, Robert G Jones, Nicholas G Inston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163839/interventional-treatment-of-the-left-subclavian-in-2-patients-with-coronary-steal-syndrome
#15
Julia Heid, Britta Vogel, Arnt Kristen, Wanda Kloos, Benedikt Kohler, Hugo A Katus, Grigorios Korosoglou
In patients with history of coronary artery disease angina pectoris is usually attributed to the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. However, in patients with previous coronary artery bypass graft operation (CABG) using internal mammary artery grafts, great vessel disease should also be considered. Herein we present two patients with history of CABG whose symptoms were suspicious for coronary ischemia. During cardiac catheterization reverse blood flow was observed from the left artery disease to the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) graft in both cases...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162988/drug-coated-balloon-angioplasty-for-subclavian-artery-stenosis-a-potential-novel-indication
#16
Derar Albashaireh, Georges Khoueiry, Owen Mogabgab, Qusay Saleh, Michael Foster, Nidal Abi Rafeh
Subclavian artery stenosis is associated with increased cardiovascular disease mortality. It remains an important treatable cause of upper extremity, brain and cardiac ischemia. Endovascular treatment with angioplasty and stenting has become the preferred modality of treatment. Surgical revascularization is reserved for difficult cases with unfavorable anatomy to endovascular approach. Here we describe a case of subclavian artery stenosis causing subclavian steal syndrome with unfavorable anatomy to stenting treated successfully with drug coated balloon angioplasty with maintenance of patency at 6months...
January 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162902/coronary-subclavian-steal-syndrome-successfully-treated-with-subclavian-artery-stenting-a-report-of-2-cases
#17
Satoshi Murai, Hisakazu Itami, Kazuhiko Nishi, Shinji Otsuka, Noboru Kusaka, Tsukasa Nishiura, Kotaro Ogihara
Coronary subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS) is a well-recognized phenomenon secondary to coronary artery bypass grafting and may cause myocardial ischemia. We report 2 cases of CSSS successfully treated with subclavian artery (SA) stenting. In both cases, an Optimo balloon guiding catheter was placed in the SA immediately proximal to the vertebral artery (VA) origin as a double protection system for the VA and left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft. There were no periprocedural complications. Balloon protection for both the VA and LITA using a single balloon guiding catheter is a reasonable and safe technique for preventing distal embolisms...
April 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100981/isolated-left-subclavian-artery-complete-atrioventricular-block-and-tricuspid-atresia-in-a-neonate
#18
Kanupriya Chaturvedi, Deepa Prasad, Ravi Ashwath, James P Strainic, Christopher S Snyder
Isolated left subclavian artery is one of the rarer aortic arch anomalies. It has been associated with other congenital heart diseases, typically tetralogy of Fallot, double-outlet right ventricle, and atrial and ventricular septal defects. Its significant clinical implications include a left-to-right shunt from the vertebrobasilar system, which causes pulmonary overcirculation and subclavian steal. We present an unusual case of a premature infant who was diagnosed prenatally with congenital complete atrioventricular block and tricuspid atresia and was found to have an isolated left subclavian artery postnatally...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031649/non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-triggered-by-subclavian-steal-syndrome
#19
Bulent Uzunlar, Ahmet Karabulut, Zeki Dogan
Coronary-subclavian artery (SCA) steal syndrome is an uncommon phenomenon in which coronary flow is diverted into the SCA through the patent left internal mammary artery (LIMA) conduit due to critical subclavian stenosis. The prevalence of significant left SCA (LSCA) stenosis in patients, referred for coronary bypass surgery, has been reported to be 0.2 to 6.8%. Most patients usually present with angina pectoris, and secondary myocardial infarction is rarely reported. Herein, we present a case of coronary bypass graft in which a left anterior descending artery-LIMA graft was applied to supply the left arm due to complete LSCA occlusion...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799374/where-did-the-clot-go-an-unusual-complication-of-mechanical-thrombectomy-caused-by-malignancy-related-subclavian-steal-phenomenon-in-a-patient-with-acute-basilar-artery-occlusion
#20
Nikkie Randhawa, Jonathan P Squires, Manraj Kanwal Singh Heran, Sharanpal K Mann
Subclavian steal is a relatively common vascular phenomenon usually caused by atherosclerotic disease. While symptoms are rare, arm claudication of the ipsilateral limb is most common, with paroxysmal symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (often exercise induced) being relatively uncommon. Here we present a case of brachial artery embolism during mechanical thrombectomy for basilar artery thrombosis, secondary to subclavian steal phenomenon. This atypical and potentially irreversible complication should be considered in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing neurointerventional management when subclavian steal is discovered angiographically...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
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