keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Eif4g

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782795/rna-modulates-the-interaction-between-influenza-a-virus-ns1-and-human-pabp1
#1
Bryan H Arias-Mireles, Cyrus M de Rozieres, Kevin Ly, Simpson Joseph
Non-Structural Protein 1 (NS1) is a multifunctional protein involved in preventing host-interferon response in Influenza A Virus (IAV). Previous studies have indicated that NS1 also stimulates the translation of viral mRNA by binding to conserved sequences in the viral 5'-UTR. Additionally, NS1 binds to Poly (A) Binding Protein (PABP1) and eukaryotic Initiation Factor 4G (eIF4G). The interaction of NS1 with the viral 5'-UTR, PABP1, and eIF4G has been suggested to specifically enhance the translation of viral mRNAs...
May 21, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748619/eukaryotic-translation-initiation-factor-4-gamma-1-eif4g1-is-upregulated-during-prostate-cancer-progression-and-modulates-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#2
Praveen Kumar Jaiswal, Sweaty Koul, Prakash S T Shanmugam, Hari K Koul
eIF4G1, a critical component of the eIF4F complex, is required for cap-dependent mRNA translation, a process necessary for tumor growth and survival. However, the role of eIF4G1 has not been evaluated in Prostate Cancer (PCa). We observed an increased eIF4G1 protein levels in PCa tissues as compared to normal tissues. Analysis of the TCGA data revealed that eIF4G1 gene expression positively correlated with higher tumor grade and stage. Furthermore, eIF4G1 was over-expressed and or amplified, in 16% patients with metastatic PCa (SU2C/PCF Dream Team dataset) and in 59% of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients (Trento/Cornell/Broad dataset)...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730477/eif4e-phosphorylation-in-prostate-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Leandro S D'Abronzo, Paramita M Ghosh
Prostate cancer (PCa) progression involves a shift from endocrine to paracrine and eventually autocrine control resulting from alterations in molecular mechanisms in the cells. Deregulation of RNA translation is crucial for tumor cells to grow and proliferate; therefore, overactivation of the translation machinery is often observed in cancer. The two most important signal transduction pathways regulating PCa progression are PI3K/Akt/mTOR and Ras/MAPK. These two pathways converge on the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) which binds to the protein scaffold eIF4G upon mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation and is phosphorylated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) interacting protein kinases (Mnk1/2)...
May 3, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728917/short-and-long-term-effects-of-leucine-and-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-of-a-protein-and-energy-reduced-diet-on-muscle-protein-metabolism-in-neonatal-pigs
#4
Rodrigo Manjarín, Daniel A Columbus, Jessica Solis, Adriana D Hernandez-García, Agus Suryawan, Hanh V Nguyen, Molly M McGuckin, Rafael T Jimenez, Marta L Fiorotto, Teresa A Davis
The objective of this study was to determine if enteral leucine or branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation increases muscle protein synthesis in neonates who consume less than their protein and energy requirements, and whether this increase is mediated via the upregulation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway or the decrease in muscle protein degradation signaling. Neonatal pigs were fed milk replacement diets containing reduced energy and protein (R), R supplemented with BCAA (RBCAA), R supplemented with leucine (RL), or complete protein and energy (CON) at 4-h intervals for 9 (n = 24) or 21 days (n = 22)...
May 4, 2018: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712996/properties-of-the-ternary-complex-formed-by-yeast-eif4e-p20-and-mrna
#5
Nick Arndt, Daniela Ross-Kaschitza, Artyom Kojukhov, Anton A Komar, Michael Altmann
Yeast p20 is a small, acidic protein that binds eIF4E, the cap-binding protein. It has been proposed to affect mRNA translation and degradation, however p20's function as an eIF4E-binding protein (4E-BP) and its physiological significance has not been clearly established. In this paper we present data demonstrating that p20 is capable of binding directly to mRNA due to electrostatic interaction of a stretch of arginine and histidine residues in the protein with negatively charged phosphates in the mRNA backbone...
April 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702026/dietary-polyphenols-promote-resilience-against-sleep-deprivation-induced-cognitive-impairment-by-activating-protein-translation
#6
Tal Frolinger, Chad Smith, Carmen Freire Cobo, Steven Sims, Justin Brathwaite, Sterre de Boer, Jing Huang, Giulio M Pasinetti
Previous evidence has suggested that dietary supplementation with a bioactive dietary polyphenol preparation (BDPP) rescues impairment of hippocampus-dependent memory in a mouse model of sleep deprivation (SD). In the current study, we extend our previous evidence and demonstrate that a mechanism by which dietary BDPP protects against SD-mediated cognitive impairment is via mechanisms that involve phosphorylation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 and its direct downstream targets, including the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) -binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) and the ribosomal protein S6 kinase β-1 (p70S6K)...
April 27, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604159/novel-alleles-of-rice-eif4g-generated-by-crispr-cas9-targeted-mutagenesis-confer-resistance-to-rice-tungro-spherical-virus
#7
Anca Macovei, Neah Rosandra Sevilla, Christian Cantos, Gilda Jonson, Inez Slamet-Loedin, Tomáš Čermák, Dan Voytas, Il-Ryong Choi, Prabhjit Chadha-Mohanty
Rice tungro disease (RTD) is a serious constraint in rice production across tropical Asia. RTD is caused by the interaction between Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) and Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV). RTSV resistance found in traditional cultivars has contributed to a reduction in the incidence of RTD in the field. Natural RTSV resistance is a recessive trait controlled by the translation initiation factor 4 gamma gene (eIF4G). The Y1059 V1060 V1061 residues of eIF4G are known to be associated with the reactions to RTSV...
March 31, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507660/flt3-itd-induces-expression-of-pim-kinases-through-stat5-to-confer-resistance-to-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-inhibitors-on-leukemic-cells-by-enhancing-the-mtorc1-mcl-1-pathway
#8
Keigo Okada, Ayako Nogami, Shinya Ishida, Hiroki Akiyama, Cheng Chen, Yoshihiro Umezawa, Osamu Miura
FLT3-ITD is the most frequent tyrosine kinase mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) associated with poor prognosis. We previously reported that activation of STAT5 confers resistance to PI3K/Akt inhibitors on the FLT3-ITD-positive AML cell line MV4-11 and 32D cells driven by FLT3-ITD (32D/ITD) but not by FLT3 mutated in the tyrosine kinase domain (32D/TKD). Here, we report the involvement of Pim kinases expressed through STAT5 activation in acquisition of this resistance. The specific pan-Pim kinase inhibitor AZD1208 as well as PIM447 in combination with the PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 or the Akt inhibitor MK-2206 cooperatively downregulated the mTORC1/4EBP1 pathway, formation of the eIF4E/eIF4G complex, and Mcl-1 expression leading to activation of Bak and Bax to induce caspase-dependent apoptosis synergistically in these cells...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487587/the-initiation-factors-eif2-eif2a-eif2d-eif4a-and-eif4g-are-not-involved-in-translation-driven-by-hepatitis-c-virus-ires-in-human-cells
#9
Esther González-Almela, Hugh Williams, Miguel A Sanz, Luis Carrasco
Animal viruses have evolved a variety of strategies to ensure the efficient translation of their mRNAs. One such strategy is the use of internal ribosome entry site (IRES) elements, which circumvent the requirement for some eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs). Much effort has been directed to unravel the precise mechanism of translation initiation by hepatitis C virus (HCV) mRNA. In the present study, we examined the involvement of several eIFs in HCV IRES-driven translation in human cells in a comparative analysis with mRNAs bearing the encephalomyocarditis virus or the Cricket paralysis virus IRES element...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438499/ksp1-dependent-phosphorylation-of-eif4g-modulates-post-transcriptional-regulation-of-specific-mrnas-under-glucose-deprivation-conditions
#10
Yeonji Chang, Won-Ki Huh
Post-transcriptional regulation is an important mechanism for modulating gene expression and is performed by numerous mRNA-binding proteins. To understand the mechanisms underlying post-transcriptional regulation, we investigated the phosphorylation status of 32 mRNA-binding proteins under glucose deprivation conditions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We identified 17 glucose-sensitive phosphoproteins and signal pathways implicated in their phosphorylation. Notably, phosphorylation of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G (eIF4G) was regulated by both the Snf1/AMPK pathway and the target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) pathway...
April 6, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419763/the-regulation-of-translation-in-alphavirus-infected-cells
#11
REVIEW
Luis Carrasco, Miguel Angel Sanz, Esther González-Almela
Sindbis virus (SINV) contains an RNA genome of positive polarity with two open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF is translated from the genomic RNA (gRNA), rendering the viral non-structural proteins, whereas the second ORF is translated from a subgenomic mRNA (sgRNA), which directs the synthesis of viral structural proteins. SINV infection strongly inhibits host cell translation through a variety of different mechanisms, including the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor eIF2α and the redistribution of cellular proteins from the nucleus to the cytoplasm...
February 8, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381712/plant-growth-and-fertility-requires-functional-interactions-between-specific-pabp-and-eif4g-gene-family-members
#12
Daniel R Gallie
The initiation of protein synthesis requires the involvement of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 4G to promote assembly of the factors needed to recruit a 40S ribosomal subunit to an mRNA. Although many eukaryotes express two eIF4G isoforms that are highly similar, those in plants, referred to as eIF4G and eIFiso4G, are highly divergent in size, sequence, and domain organization. Species of the Brassicaceae and the Cleomaceae also express a divergent eIFiso4G isoform, referred to as eIFiso4G2, not found elsewhere in the plant kingdom...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377163/sulfur-amino-acid-restriction-induced-changes-in-redox-sensitive-proteins-are-associated-with-slow-protein-synthesis-rates
#13
Sailendra N Nichenametla, Dwight A L Mattocks, Virginia L Malloy, John T Pinto
The mechanisms underlying life span extension by sulfur amino acid restriction (SAAR) are unclear. Cysteine and methionine are essential for the biosynthesis of proteins and glutathione (GSH), a major redox buffer in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We hypothesized that SAAR alters protein synthesis by modulating the redox milieu. Male F344-rats were fed control (CD: 0.86% methionine without cysteine) and SAAR diets (0.17% methionine without cysteine) for 12 weeks. Growth rates, food intake, cysteine and GSH levels, proteins associated with redox status and translation, and fractional protein synthesis rates (FSRs) were determined in liver...
January 29, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288414/trypanosoma-brucei-eif4e2-cap-binding-protein-binds-a-homolog-of-the-histone-mrna-stem-loop-binding-protein
#14
Eden R Freire, Danielle M N Moura, Maria J R Bezerra, Camila C Xavier, Mariana C Morais-Sobral, Ajay A Vashisht, Antonio M Rezende, James A Wohlschlegel, Nancy R Sturm, Osvaldo P de Melo Neto, David A Campbell
Trypanosomatids are parasitic protozoans characterized by several unique structural and metabolic processes that include exquisite mechanisms associated with gene expression and regulation. During the initiation of protein synthesis, for instance, mRNA selection for translation seems to be mediated by different eIF4F-like complexes, which may play a significant role in parasite adaptation to different hosts. In eukaryotes, the heterotrimeric eIF4F complex (formed by eIF4E, eIF4G, and eIF4A) mediates mRNA recognition and ribosome binding and participates in various translation regulatory events...
December 29, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192585/yeast-eif4a-enhances-recruitment-of-mrnas-regardless-of-their-structural-complexity
#15
Paul Yourik, Colin Echeverría Aitken, Fujun Zhou, Neha Gupta, Alan G Hinnebusch, Jon R Lorsch
eIF4A is a DEAD-box RNA-dependent ATPase thought to unwind RNA secondary structure in the 5'-untranslated regions (UTRs) of mRNAs to promote their recruitment to the eukaryotic translation pre-initiation complex (PIC). We show that eIF4A's ATPase activity is markedly stimulated in the presence of the PIC, independently of eIF4E•eIF4G, but dependent on subunits i and g of the heteromeric eIF3 complex. Surprisingly, eIF4A accelerated the rate of recruitment of all mRNAs tested, regardless of their degree of structural complexity...
November 30, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180285/hsc70-regulates-the-ires-activity-and-serves-as-an-antiviral-target-of-enterovirus-a71-infection
#16
Qi Dong, Ruotin Men, Xuelian Dan, Ying Chen, Huangcan Li, Gong Chen, Benny Zee, Maggie H T Wang, Ming-Liang He
Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is a small positive-stranded RNA virus that causes human hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and fatal neurological disorders in some cases without effective treatment. Here we show that heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70), a molecular chaperone, displays pivotal role in viral infections. Knockdown of Hsc70 significantly suppresses viral replication evidenced by reducing not only the level of both viral replication intermediates (negative stranded RNA) and viral genomic RNA (positive stranded RNA), but also the level of viral protein expression; whereas ectopic expression of Hsc70 markedly promotes viral replication...
February 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161344/nuclear-localization-of-eif4g3-suggests-a-role-for-the-xy-body-in-translational-regulation-during-spermatogenesis-in-mice
#17
Jianjun Hu, Fengyun Sun, Mary Ann Handel
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4G (EIF4G) is an important scaffold protein in the translation initiation complex. In mice, mutation of the Eif4g3 gene causes male infertility, with arrest of meiosis at the end of meiotic prophase. This study documents features of the developmental expression and subcellular localization of EIF4G3 that might contribute to its highly specific role in meiosis and spermatogenesis. Quite unexpectedly, EIF4G3 is located in the nucleus of spermatocytes, where it is highly enriched in the XY body, the chromatin domain formed by the transcriptionally inactive sex chromosomes...
January 1, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152905/the-gait-translational-control-system
#18
REVIEW
Abul Arif, Peng Yao, Fulvia Terenzi, Jie Jia, Partho Sarothi Ray, Paul L Fox
The interferon (IFN)-γ-activated inhibitor of translation (GAIT) system directs transcript-selective translational control of functionally related genes. In myeloid cells, IFN-γ induces formation of a multiprotein GAIT complex that binds structural GAIT elements in the 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) of multiple inflammation-related mRNAs, including ceruloplasmin and VEGF-A, and represses their translation. The human GAIT complex is a heterotetramer containing glutamyl-prolyl tRNA synthetase (EPRS), NS1-associated protein 1 (NSAP1), ribosomal protein L13a (L13a), and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH)...
March 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142127/epstein-barr-virus-protein-eb2-stimulates-translation-initiation-of-mrnas-through-direct-interactions-with-both-pabp-and-eif4g
#19
Fabrice Mure, Baptiste Panthu, Isabelle Zanella-Cléon, Frédéric Delolme, Evelyne Manet, Théophile Ohlmann, Henri Gruffat
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) expresses several mRNAs produced from intronless genes that could potentially be unfavorably translated compared to cellular spliced mRNAs. To overcome this situation, the virus encodes an RNA-binding protein (RBP) called EB2, previously found to both facilitate the export of nuclear mRNAs and increase their translational yield. Here, we show that EB2 binds both nuclear and cytoplasmic cap-binding complexes (respectively, CBC and eIF4F) as well as the poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) to enhance translation initiation of a given mRNP...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139201/defining-the-protein-complexome-of-translation-termination-factor-erf1-identification-of-four-novel-erf1-containing-complexes-that-range-from-20s-to-57s-in-size
#20
Clyde L Denis, Roy Richardson, Shiwha Park, Chongxu Zhang, Wen Xi, Thomas M Laue, Xin Wang
The eukaryotic eRF1 translation termination factor plays an important role in recognizing stop codons and initiating the end to translation. However, which exact complexes contain eRF1 and at what abundance is not clear. We have used analytical ultracentrifugation with fluorescent detection system to identify the protein complexome of eRF1 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In addition to eRF1 presence in translating polysomes, we found that eRF1 associated with five other macromolecular complexes: 77S, 57S, 39S, 28S, and 20S in size...
November 15, 2017: Proteins
keyword
keyword
46513
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"