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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698298/gigyf1-2-proteins-use-auxiliary-sequences-to-selectively-bind-to-4ehp-and-repress-target-mrna-expression
#1
Daniel Peter, Ramona Weber, Felix Sandmeir, Lara Wohlbold, Sigrun Helms, Praveen Bawankar, Eugene Valkov, Cátia Igreja, Elisa Izaurralde
The eIF4F homologous protein (4EHP) is thought to repress translation by competing with eIF4E for binding to the 5' cap structure of specific mRNAs to which it is recruited through interactions with various proteins, including the GRB10-interacting GYF (glycine-tyrosine-phenylalanine domain) proteins 1 and 2 (GIGYF1/2). Despite its similarity to eIF4E, 4EHP does not interact with eIF4G and therefore fails to initiate translation. In contrast to eIF4G, GIGYF1/2 bind selectively to 4EHP but not eIF4E. Here, we present crystal structures of the 4EHP-binding regions of GIGYF1 and GIGYF2 in complex with 4EHP, which reveal the molecular basis for the selectivity of the GIGYF1/2 proteins for 4EHP...
July 11, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646650/requirement-for-eukaryotic-translation-initiation-factors-in-cap-independent-translation-differs-between-bipartite-genomic-rnas-of-red-clover-necrotic-mosaic-virus
#2
Yuri Tajima, Hiro-Oki Iwakawa, Kiwamu Hyodo, Masanori Kaido, Kazuyuki Mise, Tetsuro Okuno
The bipartite genomic RNAs of red clover necrotic mosaic virus (RCNMV) lack a 5' cap and a 3' poly(A) tail. RNA1 encodes viral replication proteins, and RNA2 encodes a movement protein (MP). These proteins are translated in a cap-independent manner. We previously identified two cis-acting RNA elements that cooperatively recruit eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) complex eIF4F or eIFiso4F to RNA1. Such cis-acting RNA elements and host factors have not been identified in RNA2. Here we found that translation of RNA1 was significantly compromised in Arabidopsis thaliana carrying eif4f mutation...
September 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610844/overexpression-of-eif4f-components-in-meningiomas-and-suppression-of-meningioma-cell-growth-by-inhibiting-translation-initiation
#3
Janet L Oblinger, Sarah S Burns, Jie Huang, Li Pan, Yulin Ren, Rulong Shen, A Douglas Kinghorn, D Bradley Welling, Long-Sheng Chang
Meningiomas frequently display activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, leading to elevated levels of phospho-eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding proteins, which enhances protein synthesis; however, it is not known whether inhibition of protein translation is an effective treatment option for meningiomas. We found that human meningiomas expressed high levels of the three components of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) translation initiation complex, eIF4A, eIF4E, and eIF4G. The expression of eIF4A and eIF4E was important in sustaining the growth of NF2-deficient benign meningioma Ben-Men-1 cells, as shRNA-mediated knockdown of these proteins strongly reduced cell proliferation...
June 10, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607208/targeting-eif4f-complex-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#4
REVIEW
Lu Dai, Zhen Lin, Yueyu Cao, Yihan Chen, Zengguang Xu, Zhiqiang Qin
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85-90% of lung cancer cases, which represents the leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. The majority of lung cancer patients doesn't respond well to conventional chemo-/radio-therapeutic regimens and have a poor prognosis. The recent introduction of targeted therapy and immunotherapy gives new hopes to NSCLC patients, but their outcome/prognosis is far from satisfactory. The translation initiation EIF4F complex has been shown to play important roles in cancer progression, but its functional role and therapeutic effect in lung cancers especially NSCLC remain largely unknown...
June 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577281/acquired-tamoxifen-resistance-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cells-requires-hyperactivation-of-eif4f-mediated-translation
#5
Dedra H Fagan, Lynsey M Fettig, Svetlana Avdulov, Heather Beckwith, Mark S Peterson, Yen-Yi Ho, Fan Wang, Vitaly A Polunovsky, Douglas Yee
While selective estrogen receptor modulators, such as tamoxifen, have contributed to increased survival in patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, the development of resistance to these therapies has led to the need to investigate other targetable pathways involved in oncogenic signaling. Approval of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus in the therapy of secondary endocrine resistance demonstrates the validity of this approach. Importantly, mTOR activation regulates eukaryotic messenger RNA translation...
August 2017: Hormones & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559306/a-helicase-independent-activity-of-eif4a-in-promoting-mrna-recruitment-to-the-human-ribosome
#6
Masaaki Sokabe, Christopher S Fraser
In the scanning model of translation initiation, the decoding site and latch of the 40S subunit must open to allow the recruitment and migration of messenger RNA (mRNA); however, the precise molecular details for how initiation factors regulate mRNA accommodation into the decoding site have not yet been elucidated. Eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 3j is a subunit of eIF3 that binds to the mRNA entry channel and A-site of the 40S subunit. Previous studies have shown that a reduced affinity of eIF3j for the 43S preinitiation complex (PIC) occurs on eIF4F-dependent mRNA recruitment...
June 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515298/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-nucleocapsid-protein-augments-mrna-translation
#7
Subbiah Jeeva, Erdong Cheng, Safder S Ganaie, Mohammad A Mir
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a tick-borne nairovirus of the Bunyaviridae family, causing severe illness with high mortality rates in humans. Here we demonstrate that CCHFV nucleocapsid protein (CCHFV-NP) augments mRNA translation. CCHFV-NP binds to the viral mRNA 5' UTR with high affinity. It facilitates the translation of reporter mRNA both in vivo and in vitro with the assistance of viral mRNA 5' UTR. CCHFV-NP equally favors the translation of both capped and uncapped mRNAs, demonstrating the independence of this translation strategy on the 5' cap...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461326/eif2%C3%AE-phosphorylation-mediates-il24-induced-apoptosis-through-inhibition-of-translation
#8
Leah Persaud, Xuelin Zhong, Giselle Alvarado, Winchie Do, Jordan Dejoie, Anna Zybtseva, Bertal Huseyin Aktas, Moira Sauane
IL24 is an immunomodulatory cytokine that also displays broad cancer-specific suppressor effects. The tumor-suppressor activities of IL24 include inhibition of angiogenesis, sensitization to chemotherapy, and cancer-specific apoptosis. Supra-physiologic activation and/or overexpression of translation initiation factors are implicated in the initiation and progression of cancer animal models as well as a subset of human cancers. Activation and/or overexpression of translation initiation factors correlate with aggressiveness of cancer and poor prognosis...
May 1, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450740/the-centrosomal-ofd1-protein-interacts-with-the-translation-machinery-and-regulates-the-synthesis-of-specific-targets
#9
Daniela Iaconis, Maria Monti, Mario Renda, Arianne van Koppen, Roberta Tammaro, Marco Chiaravalli, Flora Cozzolino, Paola Pignata, Claudia Crina, Piero Pucci, Alessandra Boletta, Vincenzo Belcastro, Rachel H Giles, Enrico Maria Surace, Simone Gallo, Mario Pende, Brunella Franco
Protein synthesis is traditionally associated with specific cytoplasmic compartments. We now show that OFD1, a centrosomal/basal body protein, interacts with components of the Preinitiation complex of translation (PIC) and of the eukaryotic Initiation Factor (eIF)4F complex and modulates the translation of specific mRNA targets in the kidney. We demonstrate that OFD1 cooperates with the mRNA binding protein Bicc1 to functionally control the protein synthesis machinery at the centrosome where also the PIC and eIF4F components were shown to localize in mammalian cells...
April 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379136/la-related-protein-1-larp1-binds-the-mrna-cap-blocking-eif4f-assembly-on-top-mrnas
#10
Roni M Lahr, Bruno D Fonseca, Gabrielle E Ciotti, Hiba A Al-Ashtal, Jian-Jun Jia, Marius R Niklaus, Sarah P Blagden, Tommy Alain, Andrea J Berman
The 5'terminal oligopyrimidine (5'TOP) motif is a cis-regulatory RNA element located immediately downstream of the 7-methylguanosine [m(7)G] cap of TOP mRNAs, which encode ribosomal proteins and translation factors. In eukaryotes, this motif coordinates the synchronous and stoichiometric expression of the protein components of the translation machinery. La-related protein 1 (LARP1) binds TOP mRNAs, regulating their stability and translation. We present crystal structures of the human LARP1 DM15 region in complex with a 5'TOP motif, a cap analog (m(7)GTP), and a capped cytidine (m(7)GpppC), resolved to 2...
April 7, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251928/structure-of-human-ifit1-with-capped-rna-reveals-adaptable-mrna-binding-and-mechanisms-for-sensing-n1-and-n2-ribose-2-o-methylations
#11
Yazan M Abbas, Beatrice Theres Laudenbach, Saúl Martínez-Montero, Regina Cencic, Matthias Habjan, Andreas Pichlmair, Masad J Damha, Jerry Pelletier, Bhushan Nagar
IFIT1 (IFN-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats-1) is an effector of the host innate immune antiviral response that prevents propagation of virus infection by selectively inhibiting translation of viral mRNA. It relies on its ability to compete with the translation initiation factor eIF4F to specifically recognize foreign capped mRNAs, while remaining inactive against host mRNAs marked by ribose 2'-O methylation at the first cap-proximal nucleotide (N1). We report here several crystal structures of RNA-bound human IFIT1, including a 1...
March 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174303/central-regulatory-role-for-sin1-in-interferon-%C3%AE-ifn%C3%AE-signaling-and-generation-of-biological-responses
#12
Barbara Kroczynska, Gavin T Blyth, Robert L Rafidi, Beata Majchrzak-Kita, Lucy Xu, Diana Saleiro, Ewa M Kosciuczuk, Jacek Jemielity, Bing Su, Jessica K Altman, Elizabeth A Eklund, Eleanor N Fish, Leonidas C Platanias
The precise signaling mechanisms by which type II IFN receptors control expression of unique genes to induce biological responses remain to be established. We provide evidence that Sin1, a known element of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2 (mTORC2), is required for IFNγ-induced phosphorylation and activation of AKT and that such activation mediates downstream regulation of mTORC1 and its effectors. These events play important roles in the assembly of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) and mRNA translation of IFN-stimulated genes...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060265/analysis-of-cap-binding-proteins-in-human-cells-exposed-to-physiological-oxygen-conditions
#13
Sara Timpano, Gaelan Melanson, Sonia L Evagelou, Brianna D Guild, Erin J Specker, James Uniacke
Translational control is a focal point of gene regulation, especially during periods of cellular stress. Cap-dependent translation via the eIF4F complex is by far the most common pathway to initiate protein synthesis in eukaryotic cells, but stress-specific variations of this complex are now emerging. Purifying cap-binding proteins with an affinity resin composed of Agarose-linked m(7)GTP (a 5' mRNA cap analog) is a useful tool to identify factors involved in the regulation of translation initiation. Hypoxia (low oxygen) is a cellular stress encountered during fetal development and tumor progression, and is highly dependent on translation regulation...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030835/co-targeting-translation-and-proteasome-rapidly-kills-colon-cancer-cells-with-mutant-ras-raf-via-er-stress
#14
Xiangyun Li, Mei Li, Hang Ruan, Wei Qiu, Xiang Xu, Lin Zhang, Jian Yu
Colorectal cancers with mutant RAS/RAF are therapy refractory. Deregulated mRNA translation has become an emerging target in cancer treatment. We recently reported that mTOR inhibitors induce apoptosis via ER stress and the extrinsic pathway upon acute inhibition of the eIF4F complex in colon cancer cells and xenografts, while mutant BRAF600E leads to therapeutic resistance via ERK-mediated Mcl-1 stabilization. In this study, we demonstrated that several other translation inhibitors also activate ER stress and the extrinsic apoptotic pathway...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004147/developing-anti-neoplastic-biotherapeutics-against-eif4f
#15
REVIEW
Jutta Steinberger, Jennifer Chu, Rayelle Itoua Maïga, Katia Sleiman, Jerry Pelletier
Biotherapeutics have revolutionized modern medicine by providing medicines that would not have been possible with small molecules. With respect to cancer therapies, this represents the current sector of the pharmaceutical industry having the largest therapeutic impact, as exemplified by the development of recombinant antibodies and cell-based therapies. In cancer, one of the most common regulatory alterations is the perturbation of translational control. Among these, changes in eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) are associated with tumor initiation, progression, and drug resistance in a number of settings...
December 21, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992464/regulation-of-mrna-translation-is-a-novel-mechanism-for-phthalate-toxicity
#16
Jun Ling, Zenaida P Lopez-Dee, Colby Cottell, Laura Wolfe, Derek Nye
Phthalates are a group of plasticizers that are widely used in many consumer products and medical devices, thus generating a huge burden to human health. Phthalates have been known to cause a number of developmental and reproductive disorders functioning as endocrine modulators. They are also involved in carcinogenesis with mechanisms less understood. To further understand the molecular mechanisms of phthalate toxicity, in this study we reported a new effect of phthalates on mRNA translation/protein synthesis, a key regulatory step of gene expression...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941351/anti-cancer-effect-of-cap-translation-inhibitor-4egi-1-in-human-glioma-u87-cells-involvement-of-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-er-stress
#17
Ming Wu, Chi Zhang, Xue-Jun Li, Qing Liu, Siyi Wanggou
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells are frequently addicted to deregulated oncogenic protein translation that usually arises as a consequence of increased signaling flux from eIF4F activation. The small molecule 4EG-I, a potent inhibitor of translation initiation through disrupting eIF4E/eIF4G interaction, has been shown to exert anticancer effects in animal models of human cancers. METHODS: Here, we extensively investigated the anticancer activity of 4EGI-1 in human glioma U87 cells...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908244/free-initiation-factors-eif4a-and-eif4b-are-dispensable-for-translation-initiation-on-uncapped-mrnas
#18
P A Sakharov, S Ch Agalarov
The formation of ribosomal 48S initiation complexes at the start AUG codon of uncapped mRNA leader sequences was studied using the methodology of primer extension inhibition (toe-printing). The experiments were performed in the system composed of purified individual components required for translation initiation. The formation of ribosomal 48S initiation complexes at the initiation codon was tested depending on the presence of the initiation factors eIF4F, eIF4A, and eIF4B. Several mRNAs containing short leader sequences lacking the extended secondary structure were studied...
October 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892500/four-translation-initiation-pathways-employed-by-the-leaderless-mrna-in-eukaryotes
#19
Kseniya A Akulich, Dmitry E Andreev, Ilya M Terenin, Victoria V Smirnova, Aleksandra S Anisimova, Desislava S Makeeva, Valentina I Arkhipova, Elena A Stolboushkina, Maria B Garber, Maria M Prokofjeva, Pavel V Spirin, Vladimir S Prassolov, Ivan N Shatsky, Sergey E Dmitriev
mRNAs lacking 5' untranslated regions (leaderless mRNAs) are molecular relics of an ancient translation initiation pathway. Nevertheless, they still represent a significant portion of transcriptome in some taxons, including a number of eukaryotic species. In bacteria and archaea, the leaderless mRNAs can bind non-dissociated 70 S ribosomes and initiate translation without protein initiation factors involved. Here we use the Fleeting mRNA Transfection technique (FLERT) to show that translation of a leaderless reporter mRNA is resistant to conditions when eIF2 and eIF4F, two key eukaryotic translation initiation factors, are inactivated in mammalian cells...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879264/differential-regulation-of-the-melanoma-proteome-by-eif4a1-and-eif4e
#20
Cailin E Joyce, Adrienne G Yanez, Akihiro Mori, Akinori Yoda, Johanna S Carroll, Carl D Novina
Small molecules and antisense oligonucleotides that inhibit the translation initiation factors eIF4A1 and eIF4E have been explored as broad-based therapeutic agents for cancer treatment, based on the frequent upregulation of these two subunits of the eIF4F cap-binding complex in many cancer cells. Here, we provide support for these therapeutic approaches with mechanistic studies of eIF4F-driven tumor progression in a preclinical model of melanoma. Silencing eIF4A1 or eIF4E decreases melanoma proliferation and invasion...
February 1, 2017: Cancer Research
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