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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656234/intramasseteric-schwanoma-mimicking-an-isolated-cheek-mass-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Nazir El Khatib, Antoine Nehme, Selim Nasser, Nabil Moukarzel, Houssam Khodor Abtar
INTRODUCTION: Schwannoma is a benign well circumscribed tumor of the nerve sheath and it is mostly localized in the head and neck. Intramasseteric schwannoma represents a very rare entity and a few cases have been described in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of an isolated, asymptomatic and slowly progressive right cheek tumor in a middle aged man. Although multiple investigations, including neck scanner and fine needle aspiration, were done, the diagnosis was obscure and difficult before definite surgical resection...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652783/minimum-clinically-important-difference-in-sf-36-scores-for-use-in-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#2
Jetan H Badhiwala, Christopher D Witiw, Farshad Nassiri, Muhammad A Akbar, Blessing Jaja, Jefferson R Wilson, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Post-hoc analysis of 606 patients enrolled in the AOSpine CSM-NA or CSM-I prospective, multi-center cohort studies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) in SF-36v2 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MSC) scores in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been a shift toward focus on patient reported outcomes (PROs) in spine surgery...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651521/-spondylotic-cervical-myelopathy-indication-of-surgical-treatment
#3
REVIEW
W Pepke, H Almansour, M Richter, M Akbar
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is often multifactorial. Hence, the treatment of this disease requires a differentiated surgical approach in order to adequately address the underlying pathology. PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to identify factors that influence the choice of treatment strategy and to summarize them in an algorithm that serves as a decision aid in choosing the optimal indication for surgical treatment. An attempt is made to define the threshold values for the indication of surgical treatment and to discuss the ideal timing for performing surgery...
April 12, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644381/autologous-rectus-fascia-sling-placement-in-the-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence
#4
Adam R Miller, Brian J Linder, Deborah J Lightner
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Autologous pubovaginal sling placement remains a treatment option in index patients, given high, long-term success rates. This video reviews the technical considerations for performing an autologous rectus fascia sling. METHODS: The patient is a 47-year-old woman with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) refractory to conservative management. First, a 10-cm rectus fascial segment is harvested and prepped with placement of nonabsorbable stay sutures for later sling passage...
April 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644281/thyrohyoid-membrane-transection-caused-by-a-stab-injury
#5
Dongsub Noh, Kwang Hee Yeo, Hyun Min Cho, Chan Yong Park
Background: The thyrohyoid membrane is located between the hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage. Transection of the thyrohyoid membrane can be fatal. Case presentation: A 54-year-old man presented to the emergency room after attempting to commit suicide by cutting his neck. An endotracheal tube was inserted through the thyrohyoid membrane, which had been cut almost completely. After a tracheostomy, temporary wound closure was performed due to coagulopathy caused by hemorrhagic shock...
December 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643626/ratio-of-height-to-thyromental-distance-and-ratio-of-height-to-sternomental-distance-as-predictors-of-laryngoscopic-grade-in-children
#6
Swarup Ray, Shwethapriya Rao, Jasvinder Kaur, Yogesh K Gaude
Background and Aims: Failure to secure the airway is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Children are often uncooperative for routine examination and pose problems for obtaining external measurements. We aimed to evaluate ratio of height-to-thyromental distance (RHTMD) and ratio of height-to-sternomental distance (RHSMD) as predictors of laryngoscopic grade in children aged 1-12 years. Material and Methods: This study was an observational study conducted in children aged between 1 and 12 years scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643625/formulation-of-a-multivariate-predictive-model-for-difficult-intubation-a-double-blinded-prospective-study
#7
Anoop Kanwal Chhina, Richa Jain, Parshotam Lal Gautam, Jony Garg, Nidhi Singh, Anju Grewal
Background and Aims: Various models were devised for prediction of difficult intubation but have low positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. We aimed to predict difficult intubation from various airway predictive indices, in isolation and combination, and to formulate a multivariate model that can aid in accurate prediction of difficult intubation. Material and Methods: A prospective double blinded study was conducted on 500 adult patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643550/evaluation-of-performance-of-streamlined-liner-of-the-pharynx-airway%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-airway-proseal-and-endotracheal-tube-in-prone-position-a-prospective-randomised-study
#8
Harihar Vishwanath Hegde, Joshiraj Bandi, Mahantesh S Mudakanagoudar, Kiran A Honnannavar
Background and Aims: Airway used in prone position should be efficacious and safe. The Streamlined Liner of the Pharynx Airway (SLIPA™) and Laryngeal Mask Airway-ProSeal (PLMA) provide better airway seal and protection against aspiration. We planned to evaluate the performance of SLIPA™, PLMA and endotracheal tube (ETT) in prone position. Methods: 114 adult patients undergoing elective surgery in prone position under general anaesthesia were randomised into Group-T (ETT), Group-S (SLIPA™) and Group-P (PLMA)...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643155/femoral-nerve-block-intervention-in-neck-of-femur-fracture-finof-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Martin Rowlands, Gerrie van de Walt, Jim Bradley, Alexa Mannings, Sarah Armstrong, Nigel Bedforth, Iain K Moppett, Opinder Sahota
OBJECTIVE: Fractured neck of femur is a severely painful condition with significant mortality and morbidity. We investigated whether early and continuous use of femoral nerve block can improve pain on movement and mobility after surgery in older participants with fragility neck of femur fracture. DESIGN: Prospective single-centre, randomised controlled pragmatic trial. SETTING: Secondary care, acute National Health Service Trust, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Participants admitted with a history and examination suggesting fractured neck of femur...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642922/an-anterolateral-thigh-chimeric-flap-for-dynamic-facial-and-esthetic-reconstruction-after-oncological-surgery-in-the-maxillofacial-region-a-case-report
#10
Zoltán Lóderer, Tamás Vereb, Róbert Paczona, Ágnes Janovszky, József Piffkó
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of malignant tumors in the head and neck region often leads to functional and esthetic defects that impair the quality of life of the patients. Reconstruction can be solved with prostheses in these cases, but various types of microsurgical free flaps can provide a better clinical outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report, the tumor and parts of the involved facial muscles and nerve were excised surgically from a 42-year-old patient after a third relapse of basal cell carcinoma in the left midface...
April 11, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629890/infective-complications-after-free-flaps-reconstruction-in-patients-affected-by-head-and-neck-cancer-our-experience-on-77-cases
#11
Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Raffaele Corvino, Fabio Maglitto, Vincenzo Abbate, Paola Bonavolontà, Antonio Romano, Giovanni Salzano, Luigi Califano
AIM: The success rates of free flaps in patients undergoing head and neck cancer (HNC) surgery are very high (95%- 97%) but the development of a surgical site infection (SSI) can put flap viability at risk. The aim of our study is to identify the risk factors for SSI in patients undergo free flaps reconstruction after head and neck cancer removal. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Seventyseven patients (44 male and 33 female) from April 2006 to April 2015 admitted at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery of the University of Naples "Federico II" were included in this study...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629591/displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-in-patients-60-years-of-age-or-younger-results-of-internal-fixation-with-the-dynamic-locking-blade-plate
#12
J H Kalsbeek, A D P van Walsum, J P A M Vroemen, H M J Janzing, J T Winkelhorst, B P Bertelink, W H Roerdink
Aims The objective of this study was to investigate bone healing after internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures (FNFs) with the Dynamic Locking Blade Plate (DLBP) in a young patient population treated by various orthopaedic (trauma) surgeons. Patients and Methods We present a multicentre prospective case series with a follow-up of one year. All patients aged ≤ 60 years with a displaced FNF treated with the DLBP between 1st August 2010 and December 2014 were included. Patients with pathological fractures, concomitant fractures of the lower limb, symptomatic arthritis, local infection or inflammation, inadequate local tissue coverage, or any mental or neuromuscular disorder were excluded...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629582/arthroscopically-assisted-fixation-of-hawkins-type-ii-talar-neck-fractures
#13
J Wagener, C Schweizer, L Zwicky, T Horn Lang, B Hintermann
Aims Arthroscopically controlled fracture reduction in combination with percutaneous screw fixation may be an alternative approach to open surgery to treat talar neck fractures. The purpose of this study was thus to present preliminary results on arthroscopically reduced talar neck fractures. Patients and Methods A total of seven consecutive patients (four women and three men, mean age 39 years (19 to 61)) underwent attempted surgical treatment of a closed Hawkins type II talar neck fracture using arthroscopically assisted reduction and percutaneous screw fixation...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629234/a-difficult-to-treat-acom-aneurysm-with-the-combined-vascular-anomaly-of-acom-fenestration-and-accessory-anterior-cerebral-artery
#14
Hideyuki Tomita, Katsuya Saito
Background: Vascular anomaly and aneurysmal formation of an anterior communicating artery (Acom) complex has often been reported. Because of such a complicated relationship between the vascular structure and aneurysms, Acom aneurysm is one of the most difficult aneurysms to treat among other common anterior circulation aneurysms. We experienced an extremely rare and difficult-to-treat case of ruptured Acom aneurysm with the combined vascular anomaly of the Acom fenestration and an accessory anterior cerebral artery (ACA)...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628333/multidisciplinary-difficult-airway-course-an-essential-educational-component-of-a-hospital-wide-difficult-airway-response-program
#15
W Robert Leeper, Elliott R Haut, Vinciya Pandian, Sajan Nakka, Jeffrey Dodd-O, Nasir Bhatti, Elizabeth A Hunt, Mustapha Saheed, Nicholas Dalesio, Adam Schiavi, Christina Miller, Thomas D Kirsch, Lauren Berkow
OBJECTIVE: A hospital-wide difficult airway response team was developed in 2008 at The Johns Hopkins Hospital with three central pillars: operations, safety monitoring, and education. The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of the educational pillar of the difficult airway response team program, known as the multidisciplinary difficult airway course (MDAC). DESIGN: The comprehensive, full-day MDAC involves trainees and staff from all provider groups who participate in airway management...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628155/-vocal-cord-paralysis-after-endotracheal-intubation-an-uncommon-complication-of-general-anesthesia
#16
Claudia Hurtado Nazal, Andrea Araneda Vilches, Carolina Vergara Marín, Karen García Contreras, Carla Napolitano Valenzuela, Pedro Badía Ventí
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia is a safe, frequent procedure in clinical practice. Although it is very unusual in procedures not related to head and or neck surgery, vocal cord paralysis is a serious and important complication. Incidence has been associated with patient age and comorbidities, as well as the position of the endotracheal tube and cuff. It can become a dangerous scenario because it predisposes aspiration. OBJECTIVES: To present a case and analyze the risk factors associated with increased risk of vocal cord paralysis described in the literature...
April 5, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627886/operation-evaluation-in-human-of-a-novel-remote-controlled-vascular-interventional-robot
#17
Xianqiang Bao, Shuxiang Guo, Nan Xiao, Youxiang Li, Cheng Yang, Rui Shen, Jinxin Cui, Yuhua Jiang, Xinke Liu, Keyun Liu
Remote-controlled vascular interventional robots (RVIRs) are being developed to increase the accuracy of surgical operations and reduce the number of occupational risks sustained by intervening physicians, such as radiation exposure and chronic neck/back pain. However, complex control of the RVIRs improves the doctor's operation difficulty and reduces the operation efficiency. Furthermore, incomplete sterilization of the RVIRs will increase the risk of infection, or even cause medical accidents. In this study, we introduced a novel method that provides higher operation efficiency than a previous prototype and allows for complete robot sterilization...
April 7, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627795/delayed-extrusion-of-embolic-coils-into-the-airway-after-embolization-of-an-external-carotid-artery-pseudoaneurysm
#18
Zachary Wilseck, Luis Savastano, Neeraj Chaudhary, Aditya S Pandey, Julius Griauzde, Sumanna Sankaran, David Wilkinson, Joseph J Gemmete
Carotid blowout syndrome (CBS) is a known devastating complication of head and neck surgery. The risk of developing CBS increases in the setting of radiation therapy, wound breakdown, or tumor recurrence. Traditionally, the treatment of choice for CBS is surgical ligation of the bleeding artery; however, recently, endovascular occlusion has become a more common option. If a pseudoaneurysm is present, treatment consists of trapping with endovascular coils or occlusion with a liquid embolic agent. Delayed migration of embolization coils into the airway causing acute respiratory distress is a rare occurrence...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627788/treatment-of-hemorrhagic-head-and-neck-lesions-by-direct-puncture-and-n-bca-embolization
#19
Gerard Deib, Amgad El Mekabaty, Philippe Gailloud, Monica Smith Pearl
Life-threatening bleeding in the head and neck region requires urgent management. These hemorrhagic lesions, for example, a ruptured pseudoaneurysm, are often treated by transarterial embolization (TAE), but prior intervention or surgery, inflammation, anatomic variants, and vessel tortuosity may render an endovascular approach challenging, time-consuming, and sometimes impossible. We report two cases of severe head and neck hemorrhages successfully embolized with n -butyl cyanoacrylate via direct puncture, and propose this approach as a fast, safe, and effective alternative to TAE...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627149/combined-bilobed-trapezius-myocutaneous-and-scapula-osteomyocutaneous-flaps-for-the-restoration-of-through-and-through-defects-of-the-mandible-following-salvage-surgery-for-recurrent-head-and-neck-tumours
#20
W-L Chen, Z-Q Huang, B Zhou, Y Wang, R Chen
This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of combined bilobed trapezius myocutaneous and scapula osteomyocutaneous flaps for the restoration of through-and-through defects of the mandible. The subjects were six patients with recurrent malignant tumours who underwent salvage surgeries and reconstruction with combined flaps based on the transverse cervical vessels (TCVs). All patients had combined bone (four type H, one type LCL, and one type C) and extensive soft tissue defects (through-and-through defects) following salvage surgery...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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