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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045682/effects-of-hermetic-storage-on-adult-sitophilus-oryzae-l-coleoptera-curculionidae-acoustic-activity-patterns-and-mortality
#1
A W Njoroge, R W Mankin, B W Smith, D Baributsa, Thomas Phillips
Hermetic storage is of interest to farmers and warehouse managers as a method to control insect pests in small storage facilities. To develop improved understanding of effects of hermetic storage on insect pest activity and mortality over time, oxygen levels, acoustic signals, and observations of visual movement were recorded from replicates of 25, 50, and 100 adult Sitophilus oryzae (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) hermetically sealed in 500- and 1,000-ml glass jars. Recordings were done for 28 d; twice daily for the first 6 d and twice weekly thereafter...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045676/reproductive-plasticity-of-an-invasive-insect-pest-rice-water-weevil-coleoptera-curculionidae
#2
Yunshang Huang, Yan Ao, Mingxing Jiang, Charles Burks
Reproductive plasticity is a key determinant of species invasiveness. However, there are a limited number of studies addressing this issue in exotic insects. The rice water weevil Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), which is native to North America, is one of the most invasive insect pests in east Asia. In this study, we investigated the reproductive status of first-generation females (progeny of overwintered weevils) from five geographic regions in southern and northern China in the field, and reproductive status and ovipositional features of females provided with suitable host plants in the laboratory after collection...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045665/dna-barcode-reference-library-for-the-african-citrus-triozid-trioza-erytreae-hemiptera-triozidae-vector-of-african-citrus-greening
#3
F M Khamis, I Rwomushana, L O Ombura, G Cook, S A Mohamed, C M Tanga, P W Nderitu, C Borgemeister, M Sétamou, T G Grout, S Ekesi, Stephen Garczynski
Citrus (Citrus spp.) production continues to decline in East Africa, particularly in Kenya and Tanzania, the two major producers in the region. This decline is attributed to pests and diseases including infestation by the African citrus triozid, Trioza erytreae (Del Guercio) (Hemiptera: Triozidae). Besides direct feeding damage by adults and immature stages, T. erytreae is the main vector of 'Candidatus Liberibacter africanus', the causative agent of Greening disease in Africa, closely related to Huanglongbing...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045662/resistance-monitoring-of-four-insecticides-and-a-description-of-an-artificial-diet-incorporation-method-for-chilo-suppressalis-lepidoptera-crambidae
#4
Huang Shuijin, Chen Qiong, Qin Wenjing, Sun Yang, Qin Houguo, John Trumble
Chilo suppressalis (Walker; Lepidoptera: Crambidae) is one of the most damaging rice pests in China. Insecticides play a major role in its management. We describe how we monitored the resistance of C. suppressalis to four insecticides in seven field populations from Jiangxi, Hubei, and Hunan Provinces, China, in 2014-2016. The topical application method for resistance monitoring was suitable for triazophos, monosultap, and abamectin. The conventional rice seedling dipping method proved ineffective for testing chlorantraniliprole so the new artificial diet incorporation method was substituted...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045654/crop-seedling-susceptibility-to-armadillidium-vulgare-isopoda-armadillidiidae-and-ommatoiulus-moreletii-diplopoda-iulidae
#5
Josh Douglas, Sarina Macfadyen, Ary Hoffmann, Paul Umina, Frank Peairs
The isopod, Armadillidium vulgare (Latreille) (Isopoda: Armadillidiidae), and the millipede, Ommatoiulus moreletii (Lucas) (Diplopoda: Iulidae), are increasingly being reported as pests of emerging broadacre crop seedlings in southern Australia. This is thought to be due to the increased adoption of stubble retention practices, leading to increased abundance of these soil-dwelling organisms. Here, we evaluate the propensity of A. vulgare and O. moreletii to damage a range of crop seedlings. Through the combined analysis of a controlled feeding trial and field reports, we show A...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045641/genetic-variability-of-two-leaffooted-bugs-leptoglossus-clypealis-and-leptoglossus-zonatus-hemiptera-coreidae-in-the-central-valley-of-california
#6
A L Joyce, B S Higbee, D R Haviland, H Brailovsky, Raul Medina
Leaffooted plant bugs (LFPBs) (Leptoglossus spp., Guérin-Méneville) (Hemiptera: Coreidae) are large seed-feeding bugs native to the Western Hemisphere. In California, several Leptoglossus spp. feed on almonds, pistachios, and pomegranate and are occasional pests. The objective of this study was to survey the different species of Leptoglossus present in almond, pistachio, and pomegranate orchards in the Central Valley of California. We used two molecular markers, amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) and mitochondrial DNA COI, to determine the number of species or strains of each species, and to infer whether individuals of each species move and possibly interbreed with populations from the other host plants...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045637/effects-of-feeding-on-different-host-plants-and-diets-on-bradysia-odoriphaga-population-parameters-and-tolerance-to-heat-and-insecticides
#7
Guodong Zhu, Yin Luo, Ming Xue, Haipeng Zhao, Xia Sun, Xinhui Wang, John Trumble
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang, the Chinese chive root maggot, is a devastating pest of agricultural plants causing significant losses in vegetable crops, edible mushrooms, and humus. To determine the effects of feeding on different host plants and diets on the life parameters of B. odoriphaga and its tolerance to stressful conditions, we analyzed the life-table data of B. odoriphaga reared on Chinese chive (Allium hookeri), Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum), garlic (Allium sativum), oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), and humus and assayed its tolerance to heat and insecticides...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045630/field-assessments-to-control-the-lesser-mealworm-coleoptera-tenebrionidae-using-diatomaceous-earth-in-poultry-houses
#8
D G P Oliveira, A K Bonini, L F A Alves, Jeb Owen
Control of the lesser mealworm (Alphitobius diaperinus Panzer, 1797 [Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae]) is usually conducted with chemical insecticides, which have limited efficacy as well as environmental and health risks. Diatomaceous earth (DE) is safe and effective in controlling many insects including lesser mealworm. However, little is known of DE efficacy against this pest. Thus, an assessment of DE was conducted for the first time in commercial broiler houses in Brazil, with the aim of developing a strategy for the use of DE in the control of this insect...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045595/performance-of-apanteles-hemara-hymenoptera-braconidae-on-two-amaranth-leaf-webbers-spoladea-recurvalis-and-udea-ferrugalis-lepidoptera-crambidae
#9
S T O Othim, K M Agbodzavu, R Kahuthia-Gathu, K S Akutse, S Muchemi, S Ekesi, K K M Fiaboe
Amaranth is an African indigenous vegetable that is gaining popularity due to its nutritional, medicinal, and economic values. In East Africa, frequent outbreaks of Lepidopteran leaf-webbers, Spoladea recurvalis F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and Udea ferrugalis Hübner (1976) are reported on this crop, causing up to 100% foliage loss. The larval endoparasitoid Apanteles hemara Nixon is also frequently found associated with these pests during the outbreaks, however, its performance on both pests has never been documented...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044610/molecular-improvement-of-alfalfa-for-enhanced-productivity-and-adaptability-in-a-changing-environment
#10
REVIEW
Stacy D Singer, Abdelali Hannoufa, Surya Acharya
Due to an expanding world population and increased buying power, the demand for ruminant products such as meat and milk is expected to grow substantially in coming years and high levels of forage crop production will therefore be a necessity. Unfortunately, urbanization of agricultural land, intensive agricultural practices, and climate change are all predicted to limit crop production in the future, which means that the development of forage cultivars with improved productivity and adaptability will be essential...
October 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044179/the-effect-of-insecticide-synergist-treatment-on-genome-wide-gene-expression-in-a-polyphagous-pest
#11
Simon Snoeck, Robert Greenhalgh, Luc Tirry, Richard M Clark, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Wannes Dermauw
Synergists can counteract metabolic insecticide resistance by inhibiting detoxification enzymes or transporters. They are used in commercial formulations of insecticides, but are also frequently used in the elucidation of resistance mechanisms. However, the effect of synergists on genome-wide transcription in arthropods is poorly understood. In this study we used Illumina RNA-sequencing to investigate genome-wide transcriptional responses in an acaricide resistant strain of the spider mite Tetranychus urticae upon exposure to synergists such as S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (DEF), diethyl maleate (DEM), piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and cyclosporin A (CsA)...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043534/male-produced-aggregation-pheromone-of-coffee-bean-weevil-araecerus-fasciculatus
#12
Shuai Yang, Xiao-Fang Zhang, Yu-Lin Gao, Dan Chen, Dong-Mei She, Tao Zhang, Jun Ning
The coffee bean weevil (CBW), Araecerus fasciculatus (De Geer, 1775), is a cosmopolitan stored-product pest, especially in tropical and subtropical areas. Previous reports showed evidence for aggregation behavior of CBW and this study aimed to identify and evaluate the aggregation pheromone of this pest. Whole-body solvent extractions were analyzed by coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and comparison of male and female extracts showed a male-specific compound which was identified as squalene, 2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-2,6,10,14,18,22-tetracosahexaene...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043379/copy-number-variation-and-disease-resistance-in-plants
#13
REVIEW
Aria Dolatabadian, Dhwani Apurva Patel, David Edwards, Jacqueline Batley
Plant genome diversity varies from single nucleotide polymorphisms to large-scale deletions, insertions, duplications, or re-arrangements. These re-arrangements of sequences resulting from duplication, gains or losses of DNA segments are termed copy number variations (CNVs). During the last decade, numerous studies have emphasized the importance of CNVs as a factor affecting human phenotype; in particular, CNVs have been associated with risks for several severe diseases. In plants, the exploration of the extent and role of CNVs in resistance against pathogens and pests is just beginning...
October 17, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043035/insights-into-the-vitis-complex-in-the-danube-floodplain-austria
#14
Claire Arnold, Olivier Bachmann, Annik Schnitzler
European grapevine populations quickly disappeared from most of their range, massively killed by the spread of North American grapevine pests and diseases. Nowadays taxonomic pollution represents a new threat. A large Vitis complex involves escaped cultivars, rootstocks, and wild grapevines. The study aimed to provide insight into the Vitis complex in the Danube region through field and genetic analyses. Among the five other major rivers in Europe which still host wild grapevine populations, the Danube floodplain is the only one benefiting from an extensive protected forest area (93 km²) and an relatively active dynamic flood pulse...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042683/hormone-signaling-regulates-nymphal-diapause-in-laodelphax-striatellus-hemiptera-delphacidae
#15
Yifan Zhai, Zhiming Zhang, Huanhuan Gao, Hao Chen, Meng Sun, Wenqing Zhang, Yi Yu, Li Zheng
Diapause is a physiological adaptation that allows an organism to survive adverse environmental conditions. Diapause occurs at a specific developmental stage in each species. There are few reports regarding the molecular regulatory mechanism of nymphal diapause in Laodelphax striatellus, which is an important graminaceous crop pest. Our previous studies identified the conditions for nymphal diapause in this species. Here, we combined RNA sequencing transcriptomics and quantitative proteomic analyses to identify nymphal diapause-related genes and proteins...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042676/semiochemical-mediated-enhancement-of-males-to-complement-sterile-insect-technique-in-management-of-the-tephritid-pest-bactrocera-tryoni-froggatt
#16
Mohammed Abul Monjur Khan, Nicholas C Manoukis, Terry Osborne, Idris M Barchia, Geoff M Gurr, Olivia L Reynolds
Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), is the most significant pest of Australia's $9 billion horticulture industry. The sterile insect technique (SIT) and cue-lure (a synthetic analogue of raspberry ketone (RK))-based male annihilation technique (MAT) are two of the most effective management tools against this pest. However, combining these two approaches is considered incompatible as MAT kills sterile and 'wild' males indiscriminately. In the present study we tested the effect of pre-release feeding of B...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042590/effects-of-short-term-heat-shock-and-physiological-responses-to-heat-stress-in-two-bradysia-adults-bradysia-odoriphaga-and-bradysia-difformis
#17
Guodong Zhu, Ming Xue, Yin Luo, Guixia Ji, Fang Liu, Haipeng Zhao, Xia Sun
Bradysia odoriphaga and Bradysia difformis are devastating pests of vegetable, ornamental crops and edible mushrooms causing significant losses. Temperature may be an important factor restricting their population abundance in the summer. To determine the effects of short-term heat shock on adults, their survival, longevity and fecundity data were collected, and antioxidant responses and heat shock protein expression levels were examined. Our results indicated that the survival rates of Bradysia adults decreased rapidly after heat shock ≥36 °C, and the longevity and reproductive capacities were significantly inhibited, indicating that short-term heat shock had lethal and sub-lethal effects...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042323/diversity-and-abundance-of-beauveria-bassiana-in-soils-stink-bugs-and-plant-tissues-of-common-bean-from-organic-and-conventional-fields
#18
Yordanys Ramos, Orelvis Portal, Erik Lysøe, Nicolai V Meyling, Ingeborg Klingen
The aim of this study was to evaluate the natural occurrence of Beauveria spp. in soil, from infections in the stink bug Piezodorus guildinii, an important pest of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and as endophytes in bean plant tissue. Twelve conventional and 12 organic common bean fields in the Villa Clara province, Cuba were sampled from September 2014 to April 2015. One hundred and fifty Beauveria isolates were obtained from soil samples, bean plant parts and stink bugs. The overall frequency of occurrence of Beauveria isolates in conventional fields (8...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040680/variable-levels-of-resistance-of-soybean-genotypes-on-the-performance-of-euschistus-heros-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#19
Efrain S Souza, Vinícius F Canassa, José P F Bentivenha, Edson L L Baldin, Caroline G Pierozzi, André L Lourenção, Luiz E R Pannuti
The Neotropical brown stink bug Euschistus heros (Fabr.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) is one of the major soybean pests in South America. This species is responsible for high levels of infestation, causes critical damage to seeds, it is associated with leaf retention on plants, and it is extremely difficult to manage. Host plant resistance is a notable technique to assist in reducing the stink bug population in soybean crops. The antibiosis resistance of soybean genotypes to E. heros was evaluated in laboratory...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040660/potential-of-three-trap-crops-in-managing-nezara-viridula-hemiptera-pentatomidae-on-tomatoes-in-florida
#20
T L Gordon, M Haseeb, L H B Kanga, J C Legaspi
The southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is a serious insect pest of tomatoes in Florida. In this study, we examined the use of three species of trap crops to manage N. viridula in North Florida tomato crops in 2014 and 2015. We used striped sunflower (Helianthus annuus) (Asterales: Asteraceae) and wild game feed sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) (Poales: Poaceae) in both years, but different species of millet each year: browntop millet (Panicum ramosum) (Poales: Poaceae) in 2014 and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) (Poales: Poaceae) in 2015...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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