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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926617/hidden-biodiversity-in-entomological-collections-the-overlooked-co-occurrence-of-dipteran-and-hymenopteran-ant-parasitoids-in-stored-biological-material
#1
Gabriela Pérez-Lachaud, Jean-Paul Lachaud
Biological collections around the world are the repository of biodiversity on Earth; they also hold a large quantity of unsorted, unidentified, or misidentified material and can house behavioral information on species that are difficult to access or no longer available to science. Among the unsorted, alcohol-preserved material stored in the Formicidae Collection of the 'El Colegio de la Frontera Sur' Research Center (Chetumal, Mexico), we found nine colonies of the ponerine ant Neoponera villosa, that had been collected in bromeliads at Calakmul (Campeche, Mexico) in 1999...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918158/recombinant-expression-and-characterization-of-lucilia-cuprina-cyp6g3-activity-and-binding-properties-toward-multiple-pesticides
#2
Matthew J Traylor, Jong-Min Baek, Katelyn E Richards, Roberto Fusetto, W Huang, Peter Josh, Zhengzhong Chen, Padma Bollapragada, Richard A J O'Hair, Philip Batterham, Elizabeth M J Gillam
The Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, is a primary cause of sheep flystrike and a major agricultural pest. Cytochrome P450 enzymes have been implicated in the resistance of L. cuprina to several classes of insecticides. In particular, CYP6G3 is a L. cuprina homologue of Drosophila melanogaster CYP6G1, a P450 known to confer multi-pesticide resistance. To investigate the basis of resistance, a bicistronic Escherichia coli expression system was developed to co-express active L. cuprina CYP6G3 and house fly (Musca domestica) P450 reductase...
September 13, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893860/coordination-between-differentially-regulated-circadian-clocks-generates-rhythmic-behavior
#3
Deniz Top, Michael W Young
Specialized groups of neurons in the brain are key mediators of circadian rhythms, receiving daily environmental cues and communicating those signals to other tissues in the organism for entrainment and to organize circadian physiology. In Drosophila, the "circadian clock" is housed in seven neuronal clusters, which are defined by their expression of the main circadian proteins, Period, Timeless, Clock, and Cycle. These clusters are distributed across the fly brain and are thereby subject to the respective environments associated with their anatomical locations...
September 11, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873425/control-of-phlebotomus-argentipes-diptera-psychodidae-sand-fly-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Rajib Chowdhury, Shyla Faria, M Mamun Huda, Vashkar Chowdhury, Narayan Prosad Maheswary, Dinesh Mondal, Shireen Akhter, Sakila Akter, Rajaul Karim Khan, Shah Golam Nabi, Axel Kroeger, Daniel Argaw, Jorge Alvar, Aditya Prasad Dash, Qamar Banu
BACKGROUND: A number of studies on visceral leishmaniasis (VL) vector control have been conducted during the past decade, sometimes came to very different conclusion. The present study on a large sample investigated different options which are partially unexplored including: (1) indoor residual spraying (IRS) with alpha cypermethrin 5WP; (2) long lasting insecticide impregnated bed-net (LLIN); (3) impregnation of local bed-nets with slow release insecticide K-O TAB 1-2-3 (KOTAB); (4) insecticide spraying in potential breeding sites outside of house using chlorpyrifos 20EC (OUT) and different combinations of the above...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870535/historical-overview-of-infantile-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-el-agamy-alexandria-egypt
#5
REVIEW
Hala A Kassem, John C Beier, Bahira M El Sawaf
Infantile visceral leishmaniasis (IVL) is considered a rare and neglected disease in Egypt. An outbreak of the disease in El Agamy, Alexandria occurred in 1982 although the disease was previously reported 80 years before. Epidemiological and entomological studies were conducted ever since the 1982 outbreak to identify human cases, the parasite, reservoir host and the sand fly vector. Leishmania infantum MON-98, a new and unique zymodeme, was responsible of the disease. Stray dogs acted as the reservoir host and Phlebotomus langeroni was the proven vector...
September 8, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854114/evidence-for-sticky-trap-avoidance-by-stable-fly-stomoxys-calcitrans-diptera-muscidae-in-response-to-trapped-flies
#6
D V Beresford, J F Sutcliffe
Populations of stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans, and other filth flies are often sampled using sticky traps. We wanted to know whether flies already caught on sticky traps might inhibit to some extent subsequent flies from being caught. To test this, we recorded the number of stable flies landing on white plastic corrugated panels (Coroplast®), which were prepared according to 4 treatments: 12 live stable flies glued to the surface, 12 live house flies (Musca domestica) glued to the surface, 12 black dots, and no treatment...
September 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832610/first-fossil-of-an-oestroid-fly-diptera-calyptratae-oestroidea-and-the-dating-of-oestroid-divergences
#7
Pierfilippo Cerretti, John O Stireman, Thomas Pape, James E O'Hara, Marco A T Marinho, Knut Rognes, David A Grimaldi
Calyptrate flies include about 22,000 extant species currently classified into Hippoboscoidea (tsetse, louse, and bat flies), the muscoid grade (house flies and relatives) and the Oestroidea (blow flies, bot flies, flesh flies, and relatives). Calyptrates are abundant in nearly all terrestrial ecosystems, often playing key roles as decomposers, parasites, parasitoids, vectors of pathogens, and pollinators. For oestroids, the most diverse group within calyptrates, definitive fossils have been lacking. The first unambiguous fossil of Oestroidea is described based on a specimen discovered in amber from the Dominican Republic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820587/flupyrimin-a-novel-insecticide-acting-at-the-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors
#8
Yasumichi Onozaki, Ryo Horikoshi, Ikuya Ohno, Shigeki Kitsuda, Kathleen A Durkin, Tomonori Suzuki, Chiaki Asahara, Natsuko Hiroki, Rena Komabashiri, Rikako Shimizu, Shogo Furutani, Makoto Ihara, Kazuhiko Matsuda, Masaaki Mitomi, Shinzo Kagabu, Katsuhito Uomoto, Motohiro Tomizawa
A novel chemotype insecticide flupyrimin (FLP) [N-[(E)-1-(6-chloro-3-pyridinylmethyl)pyridin-2(1H)-ylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide], discovered by Meiji Seika Pharma, has unique biological properties, including outstanding potency to imidacloprid (IMI)-resistant rice pests together with superior safety toward pollinators. Intriguingly, FLP acts as a nicotinic antagonist in American cockroach neurons, and [(3)H]FLP binds to the multiple high-affinity binding components in house fly nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (nAChR) preparation...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780926/development-of-locomotion-over-inclined-surfaces-in-laying-hens
#9
C LeBlanc, B Tobalske, S Bowley, A Harlander-Matauschek
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate locomotor strategies during development in domestic chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus); we were motivated, in part, by current efforts to improve the design of housing systems for laying hens which aim to reduce injury and over-exertion. Using four strains of laying hens (Lohmann Brown, Lohmann LSL lite, Dekalb White and Hyline Brown) throughout this longitudinal study, we investigated their locomotor style and climbing capacity in relation to the degree (0 to 70°) of incline, age (2 to 36 weeks) and the surface substrate (sandpaper or wire grid)...
August 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767715/lafora-disease-in-miniature-wirehaired-dachshunds
#10
Lindsay Swain, Gill Key, Anna Tauro, Saija Ahonen, Peixiang Wang, Cameron Ackerley, Berge A Minassian, Clare Rusbridge
Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive late onset, progressive myoclonic epilepsy with a high prevalence in the miniature Wirehaired Dachshund. The disease is due to a mutation in the Epm2b gene which results in intracellular accumulation of abnormal glycogen (Lafora bodies). Recent breed-wide testing suggests that the carrier plus affected rate may be as high as 20%. A characteristic feature of the disease is spontaneous and reflex myoclonus; however clinical signs and disease progression are not well described...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697583/the-gut-microbiota-in-larvae-of-the-housefly-musca-domestica-and-their-horizontal-transfer-through-feeding
#11
Yao Zhao, Wanqiang Wang, Fen Zhu, Xiaoyun Wang, Xiaoping Wang, Chaoliang Lei
House fly larvae provide a prolific and sustainable source of proteins used in poultry and fish feed. Wheat bran is a superior diet for house fly larvae and has been widely investigated to exploit its potential in the food and feed area. Using Illumina MiSeq 16S rDNA sequencing, this study investigated the gut microbiota of house fly larvae feeding on wheat bran and the bacterial community in the wheat bran. The bacterial communities in the house fly larvae were dominated by the phyla Proteobacteria and Firmicutes...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697379/efficacy-and-evaluation-of-environmental-management-system-to-control-sandfly-vector-of-kala-azar
#12
D S Dinesh, S Kumari, F Hassan, V Kumar, V P Singh, P Das
The established vector for visceral leishmaniasis, Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae) breeds inside the human dwellings and cattle shed under crevices at the base of the wall. P. argentipes was controlled by plastering the base of wall (9″height × 9″base). The study was conducted in two phases: (i) Screening of plastering materials (ii) validation of the most suitable material. During the first phase (2014); four intervention materials were evaluated in four different arms: (i) cement (ii) brick chimney fly ash (BCFA i...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692174/effects-of-pyriproxyfen-on-wild-populations-of-the-housefly-musca-domestica-and-compatibility-with-its-principal-parasitoids
#13
Haim Biale, Christopher J Geden, Elad Chiel
BACKGROUND: The housefly, Musca domestica L., is an important pest of animal agriculture. Effective fly management requires integration of manure management, mass trapping, biological control, and selective insecticide use. Insecticidal control of houseflies is difficult due to the rapidity of resistance development, yet the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen (PPF) is one of few insecticides that may still be effective. Here, we tested the susceptibility of wild housefly populations in the USA and in Israel to PPF, as well as the effect of PPF on housefly parasitoids of the genera Muscidifurax and Spalangia...
July 10, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660505/de-novo-formation-of-dioxins-from-milled-model-fly-ash
#14
Ishrat Mubeen, Alfons Buekens, Zhiliang Chen, Shengyong Lu, Jianhua Yan
Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash has been classified as hazardous waste and needs treatment in an environmentally safe manner. Mechanochemical (MC) treatment is such a detoxification method, since it destroys dioxins and solidifies heavy metals. Milling, however, also introduces supplemental metals (Fe, Ni, Cr, Mn…), following wear of both steel balls and housing. Milling moreover reduces the particle size of fly ash and disperses catalytic metal, potentially rising the reactivity of fly ash to form and destroy 'dioxins', i...
June 28, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652511/properties-of-induced-antimicrobial-activity-in-musca-domestica-larvae
#15
Kiyoshi Kawasaki, Minako Andoh
Insects produce antimicrobial molecules that contribute to their innate immune responses to eliminate invading microorganisms. To explore the potential utility of these antimicrobial molecules, we focused on larvae of the house fly Musca domestica, which is an efficient processor of organic waste and a good resource of protein and oil for animal feeding. The induction of hemagglutinating activity, which is usually accompanied by activation of innate immune responses in fly larvae, was observed in the hemolymph following needle injury...
June 25, 2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619849/the-house-fly-y-chromosome-is-young-and-minimally-differentiated-from-its-ancient-x-chromosome-partner
#16
Richard P Meisel, Christopher A Gonzales, Hoang Luu
Canonical ancient sex chromosome pairs consist of a gene rich X (or Z) Chromosome and a male-limited (or female-limited) Y (or W) Chromosome that is gene poor. In contrast to highly differentiated sex chromosomes, nascent sex chromosome pairs are homomorphic or very similar in sequence content. Nascent sex chromosomes can arise if an existing sex chromosome fuses to an autosome or an autosome acquires a new sex-determining locus/allele. Sex chromosomes often differ between closely related species and can even be polymorphic within species, suggesting that nascent sex chromosomes arise frequently over the course of evolution...
August 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561763/the-impact-of-diet-protein-and-carbohydrate-on-select-life-history-traits-of-the-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-l-diptera-stratiomyidae
#17
Jonathan A Cammack, Jeffery K Tomberlin
This study examined the impact of diet protein and carbohydrate percentages as well as moisture on the immature development, survivorship, and resulting adult longevity and egg production of the black soldier fly, Hermetiaillucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Moisture impacted development and corresponding life-history traits more than protein:carbohydrate content; larvae were unable to develop on diets at 40% moisture. Larvae fed diets at 70% moisture developed faster, grew larger, and required less food than those reared on diets at 55% moisture...
May 31, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500661/is-mealworm-or-shrimp-allergy-indicative-for-food-allergy-to-insects
#18
Henrike C H P Broekman, André C Knulst, Govardus de Jong, Marco Gaspari, Constance F den Hartog Jager, Geert F Houben, Kitty C M Verhoeckx
SCOPE: The growing world population is a key driver for the exploration of sustainable protein sources to ensure food security. Mealworm and other insects are promising candidates. Previously we found that shrimp allergic patients are at risk for mealworm allergy, and that mealworm can induce a primary allergy . This study set out to investigate the allergenic potential of edible insects, suggested for human consumption by agencies such as WHO/FAO, in both the shrimp (potentially cross-reactive) and primary mealworm allergic population...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402250/zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-prevalence-among-farmers-in-central-tunisia-2014
#19
Hedia Bellali, Fraj Chemak, Issam Nouiri, Dorra Ben Mansour, Jamila Ghrab, Mohamed Kouni Chahed
OBJECTIVE: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is endemic in central Tunisia and is more prevalent in rural agricultural areas. The aim of this work was to determine ZCL prevalence among farmers and to test their availability to take ownership of the problem and participate actively to fight and address the disease. METHODS: A sample of farmers from Sidi Bouzid, central Tunisia, was selected randomly. Farmers were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire about ZCL lesion occurrence, its date of onset among family members, and the farmers' availability to contribute to fighting this disease...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399273/house-flies-in-the-confined-cattle-environment-carry-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#20
R Puri-Giri, A Ghosh, J L Thomson, L Zurek
Cattle manure is one of the primary larval developmental habitats of house flies, Musca domestica (L.). Cattle serve as asymptomatic reservoirs of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), and bacteria are released into the environment in cattle feces. The USDA-FSIS declared seven STEC serogroups (O157, O26, O45, O103, O145, O121, and O111) as adulterants in beef products. In addition, the serogroup O104 was a culprit of a large outbreak in Germany in 2011. Our study aimed to assess the prevalence of seven non-O157 STEC (O26, O45, O145, O103, O121, O111, and O104) serogroups in adult house flies...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
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