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Worksite wellness

Laurence Guillaumie, Olivier Boiral, Julie Champagne
AIM: To review the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on registered nurses and nursing students. BACKGROUND: Work-related stress among nurses is estimated to be the biggest occupational health problem after musculoskeletal disorders. DESIGN: A mixed-method systematic review incorporating quantitative and qualitative data was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Studies on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for nurses and nursing students published between 1980 - 2014 were identified through a systematic search in electronic databases: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and Cinahl...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Jay Thomas Sutliffe, Joel Harvey Fuhrman, Mary Jo Carnot, Raena Marie Beetham, Madison Sarah Peddy
UNLABELLED: conduct interventions for health promotion and disease prevention to ameliorate chronic risk factors for disease, such as for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Likewise, nutrient-dense, plant-rich (NDPR) dietary patterns have been shown to be effective at preventing and improving chronic-disease conditions, including CVD. Objective • The study's aim was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an NDPR dietary intervention for worksites to lower CVD risk factors. Design • The study was a 6-wk pilot intervention using a pretest and posttest design...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Stephen J Onufrak, Kathleen B Watson, Joel Kimmons, Liping Pan, Laura Kettel Khan, Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Sohyun Park
PURPOSE: To examine the workplace food and physical activity (PA) environments and wellness culture reported by employed United States adults, overall and by employer size. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using web-based survey on wellness policies and environmental supports for healthy eating and PA. SETTING: Worksites in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2101 adults employed outside the home. MEASURES: Survey items were based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Worksite Health ScoreCard and Checklist of Health Promotion Environments and included the availability and promotion of healthy food items, nutrition education, promotion of breast-feeding, availability of PA amenities and programs, facility discounts, time for PA, stairwell signage, health promotion programs, and health risk assessments...
September 4, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Genevieve N Healy, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D Lamontagne, Marj Moodie, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Glen Wiesner, Lisa Willenberg, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the initial and long-term effectiveness of a workplace intervention compared with usual practice, targeting the reduction of sitting on activity outcomes. METHODS: Office worksites (≥1 km apart) from a single organization in Victoria, Australia, were cluster randomized to intervention (n = 7) or control (n = 7). Participants were 231 desk-based office workers (5-39 participants per worksite) working at least 0.6 full-time equivalent...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Matthew M Clark, Sarah M Jenkins, Philip T Hagen, Beth A Riley, Caleigh A Eriksen, Amy L Heath, Kristin S Vickers Douglas, Brooke L Werneburg, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Amit Sood, Roberto P Benzo, Kerry D Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between having a high stress level and health behaviors in employees of an academic medical center. METHODS: Beginning January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013, an annual survey was completed by 676 worksite wellness members. RESULTS: Each year, about one-sixth of members had a high stress level, high stress individuals visited the wellness center less often, and most years there was a significant relationship (P < 0...
September 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ray M Merrill, James D LeCheminant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether participation in a worksite wellness program differs by age and sex and is associated with frequency and average cost of medical claims. METHODS: Healthcare cost data were available for school district employees during the academic years ending in 2009 through 2014. The wellness program was available in the later 3 years. The frequency and the average cost of medical claims were compared between the 3 years prior to and the 3 years during the wellness program...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Walton Sumner, Mark S Walker, Gabrielle R Highstein, Irene Fischer, Yan Yan, Amy McQueen, Edwin B Fisher
BACKGROUND: Telephone quitlines can help employees quit smoking. Quitlines typically use directive coaching, but nondirective, flexible coaching is an alternative. Call-2-Quit used a worksite-sponsored quitline to compare directive and nondirective coaching modes, and evaluated employee race and income as potential moderators. METHODS: An unblinded randomized controlled trial compared directive and nondirective telephone coaching by trained laypersons. Participants were smoking employees and spouses recruited through workplace smoking cessation campaigns in a hospital system and affiliated medical school...
2016: BMC Public Health
Laura Dale, Samantha Hartley-Folz, Fionna Blackman, Barbara Dobson, Carolyn Gotay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Bhibha M Das, Deirdre Dlugonski, Kristen Zwingler, Allison Talley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Bhibha M Das, Emily Mailey, Kate Murray, Siobhan M Phillips, Cam Torres, Abby C King
Increased sedentary behavior and reduced physical activity are risk factors for morbidity and mortality. As adults spend a significant portion of their time at work where the default is to spend the majority of the day sitting, shifting workplace norms to decrease sedentary time and increase active time could have a public health impact. Workplaces offer a unique setting for multi-level interventions that can reach diverse populations. Traditional worksite wellness initiatives have produced equivocal results in terms of increasing physical activity...
June 8, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jenny Hsin-Chin Tsai, Miruna Petrescu-Prahova
INTRODUCTION: Cross-sector community partnerships are a potentially powerful strategy to address population health problems, including health disparities. US immigrants - commonly employed in low-wage jobs that pose high risks to their health - experience such disparities because of hazardous exposures in the workplace. Hazardous exposures contribute to chronic health problems and complicate disease management. Moreover, prevention strategies such as worksite wellness programs are not effective for low-wage immigrant groups...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Genevieve N Healy, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Brianna Fjeldsoe, Glen Wiesner, Lisa Willenberg, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: To evaluate, compared to usual practice, the initial and long-term effectiveness of a workplace intervention targeting reducing sitting on activity outcomes. METHODS: Office worksites (≥1km apart) from a single organization in Victoria, Australia were cluster randomized to intervention (n=7) or control (n=7). Participants were 231 desk-based office workers (5 to 39 participants per worksite) working at least 0.6 full time equivalent. The workplace-delivered intervention addressed organizational, physical environment, and individual behavioural change to reduce sitting time...
May 17, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Melinda H Huffman
The increasing demand for health coaches and wellness coaches in worksite health promotion and the marketplace has resulted in a plethora of training programs with wide variations in coaching definitions, content, attributes, and eligibility of those who may train. It is in the interest of public awareness and safety that those in clinical practice take the lead in this discussion and offer a reasonable contrast and comparison focusing on the risks and responsibilities of health coaching in particular. With the endorsement of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN), the National Society of Health Coaches, whose membership is primarily nurses, discusses the issue and states its position here...
September 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Kerry S Kuehl, Diane L Elliot, David P MacKinnon, Holly P O'Rourke, Carol DeFrancesco, Milica Miočević, Matthew Valente, Adriana Sleigh, Bharti Garg, Wendy McGinnis, Hannah Kuehl
The SHIELD (Safety & Health Improvement: Enhancing Law Enforcement Departments) Study is a worksite wellness team-based intervention among police and sheriff departments assessing the program's effectiveness to reduce occupational risks and unhealthy lifestyle behaviors. The SHIELD program focused on improving diet, physical activity, body weight and sleep, and reducing the effects of unhealthy stress and behaviors, such as tobacco and substance abuse. The SHIELD team-based health promotion program was found to be feasible and effective at 6 months in improving diet, sleep, stress, and overall quality of life of law enforcement department personnel...
May 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Emily H Sparer, Paul J Catalano, Robert F Herrick, Jack T Dennerlein
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a safety communication and recognition program (B-SAFE), designed to encourage improvement of physical working conditions and hazard reduction in construction. METHODS: A matched pair cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted on eight worksites (four received the B-SAFE intervention, four served as control sites) for approximately five months per site. Pre- and post-exposure worker surveys were collected at all sites (N=615, pre-exposure response rate of 74%, post-exposure response rate of 88%)...
July 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Clarice N Waters, Er Pei Ling, Anne H Y Chu, Sheryl H X Ng, Audrey Chia, Yee Wei Lim, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviours (SB) can be characterized by low energy expenditure in a reclining position (e.g., sitting) often associated with work and transport. Prolonged SB is associated with increased risk for chronic conditions, and due to technological advances, the working population is in office settings with high occupational exposure to SB. This study aims to assess SB among office workers, as well as barriers and strategies towards reducing SB in the work setting. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach guided by the socio-ecological framework, non-academic office workers from a professional school in a large public university were recruited...
2016: BMC Public Health
Anita D Misra-Hebert, Bo Hu, Glen Taksler, Robert Zimmerman, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: Many employers offer worksite wellness programs, including financial incentives to achieve goals. Evidence supporting such programs is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether diabetes and cardiovascular risk factor control in employees improved with financial incentives for participation in disease management and for attaining goals. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using insurance claims linked with electronic medical record data from January 2008-December 2012...
August 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Jayesh M Rathod
The plight of immigrant workers in the United States has captured significant scholarly attention in recent years. Despite the prevalence of discourses regarding this population, one set of issues has received relatively little attention: immigrant workers' exposure to unhealthy and unsafe working conditions, and their corresponding susceptibility to workplace injuries and illnesses. Researchers have consistently found that immigrant workers suffer disproportionately from occupational injuries and fatalities, even when controlling for industry and occupation...
2016: Seton Hall Law Review
Louise C O'Keefe, Kathleen C Brown, Karen H Frith, Karen L Heaton, Elizabeth H Maples, Jennan A Phillips, David E Vance
The primary cause of death for men and women in the United States is heart disease. Obesity and diabetes are major contributors to heart disease, and the risk is worsened in the presence of stress. It is clinically useful to identify predictors of obesity and prediabetes in a working population. The purpose of this current cross-sectional, correlational study was to examine relationships among obesity, prediabetes, and perceived stress in municipal workers using a subset of worksite wellness program data from employees screened in 2010 and 2011...
March 29, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Angela J Beck, Richard A Hirth, Kristi Rahrig Jenkins, Kathryn K Sleeman, Wei Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare reform legislation encourages employers to implement worksite wellness activities as a way to reduce rising employer healthcare costs. Strategies for increasing program participation is of interest to employers, though few studies characterizing participation exist in the literature. The University of Michigan conducted a 5-year evaluation of its worksite wellness program, MHealthy, in 2014. MHealthy elements include Health Risk Assessment, biometric screening, a physical activity tracking program (ActiveU), wellness activities, and participation incentives...
July 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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