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Worksite wellness

Maria L Alva
This paper selectively reviews the economic research on individual (i.e., diabetes prevention programs and financial rewards for weight loss) and population-wide based diabetes prevention interventions (such as food taxes, nutritional labeling, and worksite wellness programs) that demonstrate a direct reduction in diabetes incidence or improvements in diabetes risk factors such as weight, glucose or glycated hemoglobin. The paper suggests a framework to guide decision makers on how to use the available evidence to determine the optimal allocation of resources across population-wide and individual-based interventions...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Benjamin Gardner, Kristie-Lee Alfrey, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda L Rebar
OBJECTIVES: Fly-in fly-out (FIFO) work involves commuting long distances to the worksite and living in provided accommodation for 1-4 weeks while on shift. While the potentially detrimental impact of FIFO work on the health and well-being of workers has been documented, little attention has been paid to how workers, or their partners, cope with this impact. This study sought to investigate how workers and their partners negotiate the impact of FIFO on their mental health and well-being...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Kelly Doran, Barbara Resnick, Shijun Zhu, Hamzah Alghzawi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the impact of the Worksite Heart Health Improvement Project (WHHIP) on cardiovascular risk factors among long-term care staff. METHODS: The WHHIP was an 18-month cluster randomized control trial conducted in four long-term care facilities (n = 98). RESULTS: A significant positive delayed intervention effect for diastolic blood pressure was seen in intervention group (80.34 mm/Hg [SD = 6.10] at baseline to 73...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Isa Koranyi, Johanna Jonsson, Torkel Rönnblad, Leo Stockfelt, Theo Bodin
bjectives Precarious employment conditions have become more common in many countries over the last decades, and have been linked to various adverse health outcomes. The objective of this review was to collect and summarize existing scientific research of the relationship between dimensions of precarious employment and the rate of occupational injuries. Methods A protocol was developed in accordance with the PRISMA-P checklist for systematic literature reviews. We searched PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus for articles on observational studies from North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand published in peer-reviewed journals 1990-2017...
February 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Miranda Surjadi
Globally, hepatitis C virus (HCV), the cause of one of the most common infectious diseases, infects approximately 4 million to 5 million Americans with approximately half of infected individuals undiagnosed. Some workplaces screen employees for HCV exposure and other bloodborne pathogens (BBP) after needlestick injuries, but it is not well known whether employers screen employees for HCV without an occupational exposure. New guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all individuals born between 1945 and 1965 should be screened for HCV regardless of risk; this provides an opportunity at the worksite for HCV outreach to employees, dependents, and retirees...
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Dalia A El-Shafei, Amira E Abdelsalam, Rehab A M Hammam, Hayam Elgohary
Professional quality of life (ProQOL) is affected by and affects professional well-being and performance. The objectives of this study are to identify risk factors of ProQOL among EM physicians in Zagazig University hospitals (ZUHs), to detect the relationship between ProQOL and coping strategies, and to measure the implication of the Worksite Wellness Education (WWE) program on improving knowledge skills, ProQOL, and coping. An intervention study was conducted among 108 EM physicians at ZUHs through two stages: assessing ProQOL subscales (CS, BO, and STS) and coping strategies and conducting the WWE program...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Brooke L Werneburg, Sarah M Jenkins, Jamie L Friend, Bridget E Berkland, Matthew M Clark, Jordan K Rosedahl, Heather R Preston, Denise C Daniels, Beth A Riley, Kerry D Olsen, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of stress at the workplace has been well documented; however, few studies have investigated the efficacy of worksite resiliency programs. Therefore, the objec- tive of this project was to examine the impact of a worksite resilience training program on improving resiliency and health behaviors in healthcare employees. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2016, 137 adult wellness center members of a healthcare institution participating in a single-arm cohort study of a 12-week resiliency training program were assessed at baseline, end of intervention, and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
Patricia M Risica, Gemma Gorham, Laura Dionne, William Nardi, Doug Ng, Reese Middler, Jennifer Mello, Rahmet Akpolat, Katelyn Gettens, Kim M Gans
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important contributor to chronic disease prevention. However, most Americans do not eat adequate amounts. The worksite is an advantageous setting to reach large, diverse segments of the population with interventions to increase F&V intake, but research gaps exist. No studies have evaluated the implementation of mobile F&V markets at worksites nor compared the effectiveness of such markets with or without nutrition education. METHODS: This paper describes the protocol for Good to Go (GTG), a cluster randomized trial to evaluate F&V intake change in employees from worksites randomized into three experimental arms: discount, fresh F&V markets (Access Only arm); markets plus educational components including campaigns, cooking demonstrations, videos, newsletters, and a web site (Access Plus arm); and an attention placebo comparison intervention on physical activity and stress reduction (Comparison)...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Archana Shrestha, Prajjwal Pyakurel, Abha Shrestha, Rabin Gautam, Nisha Manandhar, Elizabeth Rhodes, Dipesh Tamrakar, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Vasanti Malik, Josiemer Mattei, Donna Spiegelman
Objective: Worksite interventions can serve as a potential platform for translating existing knowledge of diabetes prevention and facilitate healthy food choices. The study explored perceptions about healthy eating as well as potential facilitators and barriers to healthy eating among employees in a wire manufacturing factory in Nepal. Methods and materials: We conducted a cross-sectional exploratory qualitative study in a wire manufacturing industry in eastern Nepal...
2017: Heart Asia
Maaike A Huysmans, Belinda H W Eijckelhof, Jennifer L Bruno Garza, Pieter Coenen, Birgitte M Blatter, Peter W Johnson, Jaap H van Dieën, Allard J van der Beek, Jack T Dennerlein
Objectives: Alternative techniques to assess physical exposures, such as prediction models, could facilitate more efficient epidemiological assessments in future large cohort studies examining physical exposures in relation to work-related musculoskeletal symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate two types of models that predict arm-wrist-hand physical exposures (i.e. muscle activity, wrist postures and kinematics, and keyboard and mouse forces) during computer use, which only differed with respect to the candidate predicting variables; (i) a full set of predicting variables, including self-reported factors, software-recorded computer usage patterns, and worksite measurements of anthropometrics and workstation set-up (full models); and (ii) a practical set of predicting variables, only including the self-reported factors and software-recorded computer usage patterns, that are relatively easy to assess (practical models)...
December 15, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
James Mino, Bernadette Quémerais
The objective of this project was to create similar exposure groups (SEGs) for occupational monitoring in a structural steel fabrication facility. Qualitative SEG formation involved worksite observation, interviews, and audits of materials and procedures. These were supplemented with preliminary task-based shop survey data collected using a condensation particle counter. A total of six SEGs were formed, with recommendations for occupational exposure sampling for five groups, as well as ambient sampling recommendations to address areas on the operational floor found to have higher particle concentrations...
November 23, 2017: Toxics
Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Liana Orsolini, Alai Tan, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren, Gail D'Eramo Melkus, Jacqueline Dunbar-Jacob, Virginia Hill Rice, Angelica Millan, Sandra B Dunbar, Lynne T Braun, JoEllen Wilbur, Deborah A Chyun, Kate Gawlik, Lisa M Lewis
OBJECTIVE: To describe: (1) nurses' physical and mental health; (2) the relationship between health and medical errors; and (3) the association between nurses' perceptions of wellness support and their health. METHODS: A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted with 1,790 nurses across the U.S. RESULTS: Over half of the nurses reported sub-optimal physical and mental health. Approximately half of the nurses reported having medical errors in the past 5 years...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Oluwaseyi O Isehunwa, Erik L Carlton, Yang Wang, Yu Jiang, Satish Kedia, Cyril F Chang, Daniel Fijabi, Soumitra S Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: There is little research at the national level on access to employee wellness programs and the use of preventive care services. This study examined the use of seven preventive care services among U.S working adults with access to employee wellness programs. METHODS: The study population comprised 17,699 working adults aged ≥18 years, obtained from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Multivariate logistic regression models examined the relationship between access to employee wellness programs and use of seven preventive care services: influenza vaccination, blood pressure check, diabetes check, cholesterol check, Pap smear test, mammogram, and colon cancer screening...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sarah A Smith, Shelina Visram, Claire O'Malley, Carolyn Summerbell, Vera Araujo-Soares, Frances Hillier-Brown, Amelia A Lake
BACKGROUND: Workplaces are a good setting for interventions that aim to support workers in achieving a healthier diet and body weight. However, little is known about the factors that impact on the feasibility and implementation of these interventions, and how these might vary by type of workplace and type of worker. The aim of this study was to explore the views of those involved in commissioning and delivering the Better Health at Work Award, an established and evidence-based workplace health improvement programme...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
Anita D Misra-Hebert, Bo Hu, Phuc H Le, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes may be improved or reversed with lifestyle interventions. A worksite wellness program offering financial incentives for participation may be effective in improving the health of employees with prediabetes. We studied the effect of employee health plan financial incentives on health outcomes for employees with prediabetes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic medical record data from January 2008 to December 2012...
March 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Anthony J Viera, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Ziya Gizlice, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M Noar, Alice Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are responsible for more than 365,000 deaths per year and contribute substantially to rising healthcare costs in the US, making clear the need for effective public health interventions. Calorie labeling on menus has been implemented to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased has been minimal. METHODS: In this project, we tested the effect of physical activity calorie expenditure (PACE) food labels on actual point-of-decision food purchasing behavior as well as physical activity...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
James LeCheminant, Ray M Merrill, Travis D Masterson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the health behavior changes and mental-health and job-related outcomes of school-based employees over 2 years while participating in a worksite wellness program. METHOD: All participants in this analysis (n = 1,873) were employees of a large public school district in the western United States and voluntarily enrolled in a comprehensive wellness program. Exercise level, fruit and vegetable consumption, restful sleep, smoking, alcohol consumption, self-rated health, mental health-related outcomes (stress, depression, life-satisfaction, and loneliness), and job-related outcomes (job performance, absenteeism, job-related satisfaction) are reported...
November 2017: Health Promotion Practice
Laura Viester, Evert A L M Verhagen, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Blue-collar workers randomized to an intervention (n = 162) or a control group (n = 152)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
H-J Chen, S-H Weng, Y-Y Cheng, A Y Z Lord, H-H Lin, W-H Pan
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated customer attitudes, perceptions, and utilisation of a traffic-light food labelling (TFL) programme before and after the TFL was implemented in a worksite canteen in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: A one-arm intervention was implemented in the canteen and buffet of a research park in Taiwan. Phase 1 consisted of dissemination of information regarding the TFL, targeting the customers (June-July, 2014); phase 2 consisted of implementation of the TFL in the buffet starting in August 2014...
September 2017: Public Health
J Aaron Hipp, Elizabeth A Dodson, Jung Ae Lee, Christine M Marx, Lin Yang, Rachel G Tabak, Christine Hoehner, Oriol Marquet, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether specific worksite supports for physical activity (PA) were associated with total and domain-specific PA. METHODS: A cross-sectional, telephone-based study was conducted in four Missouri, USA, metropolitan areas in 2012 and 2013. Outcome variables included total PA and sub-domains (leisure, work, travel) measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Logistic regression determined odds of meeting PA recommendations, given access to and use of 18 unique PA worksite supports...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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