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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274800/a-screening-tool-to-detect-clinical-manganese-neurotoxicity
#1
Brad A Racette, Anat Gross, Susan R Criswell, Harvey Checkoway, Susan Searles Nielsen
Manganese (Mn) over-exposure in occupational settings is associated with basal ganglia toxicity and a movement disorder characterized by parkinsonism (i.e., the signs and symptoms of Parkinson disease). A simple test to help non-neurologists identify workers with clinical Mn neurotoxicity represents an unmet need. In a cohort of Mn-exposed workers from welding worksites, with extensive clinical data, we developed a linear regression model to predict the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale motor subsection part 3 (UPDRS3) score...
March 5, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167711/chronic-conditions-workplace-safety-and-job-demands-contribute-to-absenteeism-and-job-performance
#2
Kimberly Jinnett, Natalie Schwatka, Liliana Tenney, Claire V S Brockbank, Lee S Newman
An aging workforce, increased prevalence of chronic health conditions, and the potential for longer working lives have both societal and economic implications. We analyzed the combined impact of workplace safety, employee health, and job demands (work task difficulty) on worker absence and job performance. The study sample consisted of 16,926 employees who participated in a worksite wellness program offered by a workers' compensation insurer to their employers-314 large, midsize, and small businesses in Colorado across multiple industries...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166124/association-between-employee-sleep-with-workplace-health-and-economic-outcomes
#3
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Alyssa B Schultz, Xingquan Li
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep can impact occupational functioning. The current study examines health risks, medical conditions, and workplace economic outcomes associated with self-reported hours of sleep among employees. METHODS: Employees of a global financial services corporation were categorized on the basis of their self-reported average hours of sleep. Differences in health care costs, productivity measures, health risks, and medical conditions were analyzed by hours of sleep while controlling for confounding variables...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163014/healthy-lifestyle-medicine-in-the-traditional-healthcare-environment-primary-care-and-cardiac-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Mark A Williams, Leonard A Kaminsky
There is unquestioned value of the need to incorporate Healthy Lifestyle Medicine (HLM) within the traditional models of healthcare. Primary care providers are well positioned to implement HLM as a routine aspect of their healthcare practice. Unfortunately, barriers for this to occur, including poor professional training in the components of HLM and limitations in the time they have available to spend with patients, result in inadequate delivery of HLM from primary care providers. Thus, new approaches for the delivery of HLM need to be developed that would allow primary care providers better, and more, opportunities to make patient referrals...
February 2, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146041/outcome-based-and-participation-based-wellness-incentives-impacts-on-program-participation-and-achievement-of-health-improvement-targets
#5
Nathan A Barleen, Mary L Marzec, Nicholas L Boerger, Daniel P Moloney, Eric M Zimmerman, Jeff Dobro
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether worksite wellness program participation or achievement of health improvement targets differed according to four incentive types (participation-based, hybrid, outcome-based, and no incentive). METHODS: The study included individuals who completed biometric health screenings in both 2013 and 2014 and had elevated metrics in 2013 (baseline year). Multivariate logistic regression modeling tested for differences in odds of participation and achievement of health improvement targets between incentive groups; controlling for demographics, employer characteristics, incentive amounts, and other factors...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#6
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930484/are-hospital-workers-healthy-a-study-of-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-obesity-among-hospital-workers
#7
Shreela V Sharma, Mudita Upadhyaya, Mandar Karhade, William B Baun, William B Perkison, Lisa A Pompeii, Henry S Brown, Deanna M Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychosocial factors associated with weight status among hospital employees. METHODS: A total of n = 924 employees across the six hospitals in Texas participated in this cross-sectional study, 2012 to 2013. Association between weight status and waist circumference, blood pressure, biomarkers, diet, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and psychosocial factors was assessed. RESULTS: About 78...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920214/the-role-of-leadership-support-for-health-promotion-in-employee-wellness-program-participation-perceived-job-stress-and-health-behaviors
#8
Jennifer Hoert, Ann M Herd, Marion Hambrick
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between leadership support for health promotion and job stress, wellness program participation, and health behaviors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used. SETTING: Four worksites with a range of wellness programs were selected for this study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study were employees (n = 618) at 4 organizations (bank, private university, wholesale supplier, and public university) in the southeastern United States, each offering an employee wellness program...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#9
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899681/performance-against-welcoa-s-worksite-health-promotion-benchmarks-across-years-among-selected-us-organizations
#10
GracieLee M Weaver, Brandon N Mendenhall, David Hunnicutt, Ryan Picarella, Brittanie Leffelman, Michael Perko, Daniel L Bibeau
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the performance of organizations' worksite health promotion (WHP) activities against the benchmarking criteria included in the Well Workplace Checklist (WWC). DESIGN: The Wellness Council of America (WELCOA) developed a tool to assess WHP with its 100-item WWC, which represents WELCOA's 7 performance benchmarks. SETTING: Workplaces. PARTICIPANTS: This study includes a convenience sample of organizations who completed the checklist from 2008 to 2015...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812380/does-worksite-social-capital-enhance-retention-into-a-worksite-weight-loss-programme
#11
J L Hill, K Wilson, S Harden, F Almeida, L Linnan, P A Estabrooks
OBJECTIVE: To determine if worksite social capital predicted retention in a worksite-based weight-loss programme using structural equation modelling. A secondary aim was to determine if worksite social capital was related to changes in weight at 6 months. METHODS: Overweight or obese employees from 28 worksites enrolled in a larger 12-month worksite weight-loss trial. Workplace social capital was assessed using an eight-item scale specific to the workplace. Weight was measured using a HealthSpot(tm), and change in weight was computed from weigh-ins at baseline and 6 months and reported as pounds (lbs) lost...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792026/physical-activity-barriers-and-motivators-among-high-risk-employees
#12
John C Paguntalan, Mathew Gregoski
BACKGROUND: Worksite wellness programs offer an ideal setting to target high-risk sedentary workers to improve health status. Lack of physical activity is associated with increased risk for coronary heart disease and mortality. Despite the risks, the number of sedentary workers is increasing. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the perceived barriers and motivators for physical activity among employees at high-risk for coronary heart disease. METHODS: A purposive sample of 24 high-risk workers participating in a wellness program in rural South Carolina were enrolled in the study...
November 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706912/a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-on-nurses
#13
REVIEW
Laurence Guillaumie, Olivier Boiral, Julie Champagne
AIM: To review the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on Registered Nurses and nursing students. BACKGROUND: Work-related stress among nurses is estimated to be the biggest occupational health problem after musculoskeletal disorders. DESIGN: A mixed-method systematic review incorporating quantitative and qualitative data was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Studies on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for nurses and nursing students published between 1980 and 2014 were identified through a systematic search in electronic databases: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and Cinahl...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622958/nutrient-dense-plant-rich-dietary-intervention-effective-at-reducing-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-for-worksites-a-pilot-study
#14
Jay Thomas Sutliffe, Joel Harvey Fuhrman, Mary Jo Carnot, Raena Marie Beetham, Madison Sarah Peddy
UNLABELLED: conduct interventions for health promotion and disease prevention to ameliorate chronic risk factors for disease, such as for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Likewise, nutrient-dense, plant-rich (NDPR) dietary patterns have been shown to be effective at preventing and improving chronic-disease conditions, including CVD. Objective • The study's aim was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an NDPR dietary intervention for worksites to lower CVD risk factors. Design • The study was a 6-wk pilot intervention using a pretest and posttest design...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597795/worksite-food-and-physical-activity-environments-and-wellness-supports-reported-by-employed-adults-in-the-united-states-2013
#15
Stephen J Onufrak, Kathleen B Watson, Joel Kimmons, Liping Pan, Laura Kettel Khan, Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Sohyun Park
PURPOSE: To examine the workplace food and physical activity (PA) environments and wellness culture reported by employed United States adults, overall and by employer size. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using web-based survey on wellness policies and environmental supports for healthy eating and PA. SETTING: Worksites in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2101 adults employed outside the home. MEASURES: Survey items were based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Worksite Health ScoreCard and Checklist of Health Promotion Environments and included the availability and promotion of healthy food items, nutrition education, promotion of breast-feeding, availability of PA amenities and programs, facility discounts, time for PA, stairwell signage, health promotion programs, and health risk assessments...
September 4, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526175/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-office-workers-sitting-time-effect-on-activity-outcomes
#16
Genevieve N Healy, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D Lamontagne, Marj Moodie, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Brianna S Fjeldsoe, Glen Wiesner, Lisa Willenberg, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the initial and long-term effectiveness of a workplace intervention compared with usual practice, targeting the reduction of sitting on activity outcomes. METHODS: Office worksites (≥1 km apart) from a single organization in Victoria, Australia, were cluster randomized to intervention (n = 7) or control (n = 7). Participants were 231 desk-based office workers (5-39 participants per worksite) working at least 0.6 full-time equivalent...
September 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454399/high-stress-and-negative-health-behaviors-a-five-year-wellness-center-member-cohort-study
#17
Matthew M Clark, Sarah M Jenkins, Philip T Hagen, Beth A Riley, Caleigh A Eriksen, Amy L Heath, Kristin S Vickers Douglas, Brooke L Werneburg, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Amit Sood, Roberto P Benzo, Kerry D Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between having a high stress level and health behaviors in employees of an academic medical center. METHODS: Beginning January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013, an annual survey was completed by 676 worksite wellness members. RESULTS: Each year, about one-sixth of members had a high stress level, high stress individuals visited the wellness center less often, and most years there was a significant relationship (P < 0...
September 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419009/medical-cost-analysis-of-a-school-district-worksite-wellness-program
#18
Ray M Merrill, James D LeCheminant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether participation in a worksite wellness program differs by age and sex and is associated with frequency and average cost of medical claims. METHODS: Healthcare cost data were available for school district employees during the academic years ending in 2009 through 2014. The wellness program was available in the later 3 years. The frequency and the average cost of medical claims were compared between the 3 years prior to and the 3 years during the wellness program...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400966/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-directive-and-nondirective-smoking-cessation-coaching-through-an-employee-quitline
#19
Walton Sumner, Mark S Walker, Gabrielle R Highstein, Irene Fischer, Yan Yan, Amy McQueen, Edwin B Fisher
BACKGROUND: Telephone quitlines can help employees quit smoking. Quitlines typically use directive coaching, but nondirective, flexible coaching is an alternative. Call-2-Quit used a worksite-sponsored quitline to compare directive and nondirective coaching modes, and evaluated employee race and income as potential moderators. METHODS: An unblinded randomized controlled trial compared directive and nondirective telephone coaching by trained laypersons. Participants were smoking employees and spouses recruited through workplace smoking cessation campaigns in a hospital system and affiliated medical school...
July 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389799/men-in-rural-and-remote-locations-their-preferences-for-worksite-wellness-programs
#20
Laura Dale, Samantha Hartley-Folz, Fionna Blackman, Barbara Dobson, Carolyn Gotay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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