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Familial dark neck

Ramesh M Bhat, Ninon Patrao, Rochelle Monteiro, D Sukumar
BACKGROUND: Dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) is a benign cutaneous condition which commonly occurs in dark-skinned people, especially Asians and African Americans. Owing to its benign nature and rarity, very few studies have been conducted to date, and dermoscopic studies are practically nonexistent. OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with dermatosis papulosa nigra (DPN) and to correlate the clinical findings with dermoscopic and histopathological findings in DPN...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Bérénice Dégboé, Félix Atadokpèdé, Bayaki Saka, Hugues Adégbidi, Christiane Koudoukpo, Hubert Yédomon, Florencia do Ango-Padonou
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is unsightly on darkly pigmented skin and leads important stigmatization because of the mix-up with leprosy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the epidemiological and clinical patterns of vitiligo on darkly pigmented skin between 1988 and 2008 in the Department of Dermatology in Cotonou (Benin). The diagnosis was made based on the clinical characteristics of vitiligo. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty-six patients were seen, representing 0...
January 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Mary L Lewis
A comprehensive newborn examination involves a systematic inspection. A Ballard score uses physical and neurologic characteristics to assess gestational age. Craniosynostosis is caused by premature fusion of the sutures, and 20% of children with this condition have a genetic mutation or syndrome. The red reflex assessment is normal if there is symmetry in both eyes, without opacities, white spots, or dark spots. If the red reflex findings are abnormal or the patient has a family history of pertinent eye disorders, consultation with an ophthalmologist is warranted...
September 1, 2014: American Family Physician
Anne Schaller, Gunilla M Liedberg, Britt Larsson
PURPOSE: This study of relatives to patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) treated with radiotherapy describes how the relatives experienced the patient's situation, especially with respect to pain, and how the relatives themselves experienced the situation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews of 21 relatives to HNC patients who suffered from pain were conducted, and a qualitative content analysis was performed. RESULTS: The relatives experienced that the patients suffered from physical, psychological, and social pain...
August 2014: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Jade Wititsuwannakul, Nopadon Noppakun
Dowling-Degos disease (DDD) is a rare autosomal dominant trait characterized by numerous, symmetrical, progressive and pigmented macules over the axillae, groins, face, neck, arms and trunk as well as scattered comedo-like lesions (dark dot, follicles) and pitted acneiform scars. Histopathology is diagnostic testing using a distinctive form of acanthosis, characterized by an irregular elongation of thin branching rete ridges, with a concentration of melanin at the tips. We report cases of generalized DDD in a single family with autosomal dominant penetrance...
August 2013: Annals of Dermatology
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Kamal Kalita, P K Dalal, G P Rao, R K Chadda, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Govind Bang, Kaustav Chakraborty, Sudhir Kumar, P K Singh, Puneet Kathuria, M Thirunavukarasu, P S V N Sharma, T Harish, Nilesh Shah, Kamla Deka
BACKGROUND: As a pilot project, Indian Psychiatric Society conducted the first multicentric study involving diverse settings from teaching institutions in public and private sectors and even privately run psychiatric clinics. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the typology of functional somatic complaints (FSC) in patients with first episode depression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 741 patients from 16 centers across the country participated in the study...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Martina Réblová
Wood-inhabiting taxa of the Sordariomycetidae comprise several distantly related monotypic or small genera, which lack familial or ordinal affiliation and share a simple and inconspicuous morphology of dark ascomata with carbonaceous walls and long necks, stipitate asci and hyaline ellipsoidal, fusiform to cylindrical ascospores. Recent collections of an undescribed fungus and of Ceratosphaeria abietis reveal two additional evolutionary lineages characterized by this simple and indistinct teleomorph morphology...
March 2013: Mycologia
Yougasphree Naidoo, Taariq Karim, Samia Heneidak, Channangihalli Thimmegowda Sadashiva, Gonasageran Naidoo
This study was initiated to characterize the distribution, morphology, secretion mode, histochemistry and ultrastructure of the glandular trichomes of Ceratotheca triloba using light and electron microscopy. Its leaves bear two morphologically distinct glandular trichomes. The first type has long trichome with 8-12 basal cells of pedestal, 3-14 stalk cells, a neck cell and a head of four cells in one layer. The second type has short trichome comprising one or two basal epidermal cells, a unicellular or bicellular stalk and a multicellular head of two to eight cells...
October 2012: Planta
Dinesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Jyoti Gupta, Renu Arya, Ankit Gupta
Cayratia trifolia Linn. Domin Syn. Vitis trifolia (Family: Vitaceae) is commonly known as Fox grape in English; Amlabel, Ramchana in Hindi and Amlavetash in Sanskrit. It is native to India, Asia and Australia. It is a perennial climber having trifoliated leaves with 2-3 cm long petioles and ovate to oblong-ovate leaflets. Flowers are small greenish white and brown in color. Fruits are fleshy, juicy, dark purple or black, nearly spherical, about 1 cm in diameter. It is found throughout the hills in India. This perennial climber is also found in the hotter part of India from Jammu and Rajasthan to Assam extending into the peninusular India upto 600 m height...
July 2011: Pharmacognosy Reviews
Harunosuke Kato, Rie Yoshida, Katsuhiko Tsukamoto, Hirotaka Suga, Hitomi Eto, Takuya Higashino, Jun Araki, Tsutomu Ogata, Kotaro Yoshimura
Five familial cases exhibited ephelides-like multiple lentigines, and we examined three of them, a mother and two sons. All three patients presented with small dark-brown maculae on the face and neck and electrocardiographic abnormalities. These findings sufficed to fulfill the criteria for LEOPARD syndrome (multiple lentigines syndrome), although they lacked five of seven major clinical features. However, the family members presented with a webbed neck and pectus excavatum, which are more frequently seen in Turner or Noonan syndrome...
October 2010: International Journal of Dermatology
Dylan G Harris, Simon I R Noble
Although terminal hemorrhage is an infrequent occurrence in advanced cancer patients, it is extremely distressing for patients, their families, and health care professionals when it does occur. By definition, there is a very short time period to support and comfort the patient, and it is vital that the management approach follows the best available evidence base. A systematic literature search was carried out to retrieve relevant publications relating to the management of terminal hemorrhage in patients with advanced cancer in whom invasive or interventional procedures are no longer appropriate...
December 2009: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
P V Bhagwat, R S Tophakhane, B M Shashikumar, Tonita M Noronha, Varna Naidu
Dowling Degos disease is a rare condition inherited as autosomal dominant trait characterized by numerous, asymptomatic, symmetrical, progressive, small, round-pigmented macules over axillae and groins, face, neck, arms and trunk, scattered comedo-like lesions (dark dot follicles) and pitted acneiform scars. Histopathology is diagnostic. We are hereby reporting three cases of Dowling Degos disease belonging to two families. Our first and second case belonged to the same family, whereas our third case belonged to different family...
July 2009: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Luz Gonzalez-Huerta, Jaime Mendiola-Jimenez, Maria Del Moral-Stevenel, Maria Rivera-Vega, Sergio Cuevas-Covarrubias
A 70-year-old male presented with very large, thick, tightly adherent, dark-brown scales on the front of his lower extremities. His face, neck, back, abdomen, upper extremities, flexural areas, palms and soles as well as hair and nails were not involved. Family history was negative for similar lesions. Otherwise, the patient had a normal development. Onset of symptoms occurred during childhood with scales on lower extremities with no more additional features. Treatment included emollients exclusively with partial and temporary remission of cutaneous lesions...
February 2009: International Journal of Dermatology
Charles van Heyningen, David M Simms
A 47-year-old man presented with abdominal pain, neck stiffness, severe transient hypertension and unusually dark urine. Cerebrospinal fluid investigations and angiography confirmed the diagnosis of a subarachnoid haemorrhage. Porphyrin studies on the patient and his family demonstrated that the family has acute intermittent porphyria. This is the second case report of an acute hepatic porphyria presenting with a subarachnoid haemorrhage. Acute transient hypertension during the attack of porphyria caused the rupture of an intracranial arterial aneurysm...
November 2008: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Radoje Colović, Nikica Grubor, Marijan Misev, Miodrag Jovanović, Vladimir Radak
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyxoid sarcoma is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm, usually appearing in the soft tissue of the extremities, less frequently in the groin, trunk, neck, and upper extremities. Within the abdomen, the tumour is usually localised within the retroperitoneum. CASE OUTLINE: We present a 56-year-old woman in whom, during the routinely performed investigation for atacks of choking with lots of bronchial secretion, and arterial hypertension, an ultrasonographer found a tumour within the head of the pancreas 6 x 6 cm in diameter...
March 2008: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Sonia A Bedikian
Mourning is a natural response to loss. In the late eighteenth century and throughout the nineteenth century, in England and France, the bereaved was expected to follow a complex set of rules, particularly among the upper classes, with women more bound to adhere to these customs than men. Such customs involved wearing heavy, concealing, black costume and the use of black crepe veils. Special black caps and bonnets were worn with these ensembles. Widows were expected to wear these clothes up to four years after their loss to show their grief...
2008: Omega
Emily Chew, Yara Aweiss, Ching-Yu Lu, Flora Banuett
Abstract: Ustilago maydis is a Basidiomycete fungus that exhibits a yeast-like nonpathogenic form and a dikaryotic filamentous pathogenic form. Generation of these two forms is controlled by two mating type loci, a and b. The fungus undergoes additional morphological transitions in the plant that result in formation of a third cell type, the teliospore. The fuz1 gene is necessary for this developmental program. Here we report cloning and sequencing of fuz1 and show that it contains an open reading frame with coding capacity for a protein of 1421 amino acids...
January 2008: Mycologia
A M Bhutto, A Shaikh, S Nonaka
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by a defect in the normal repair of DNA of various cutaneous cell types damaged by exposure to ultraviolet radiation. We present our 7-year experience with 36 XP patients who either visited the Department of Dermatology or were seen in the medical camps arranged in remote areas for patients' welfare, from 1995 to 2001. For ease of discussion we classified all cases into the following subgroups on clinical grounds only: mild, those with light brown freckles on the face alone; moderate, those with dark brown freckles with burning on the face, neck, ears, chest, hands and photophobia but without other associated obvious cutaneous and ocular changes; severe, those with extensive dark brown freckles with burning on the exposed parts as well as on the unexposed parts of the body, i...
March 2005: British Journal of Dermatology
Abel N Onunu, Emmanuel P Kubeyinje
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of reports on vitiligo in sub-Saharan Africa. AIM: To define the clinical and epidemiologic pattern of vitiligo in the Nigerian African. METHODS: We examined all new cases of vitiligo seen in the Dermatology Unit of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH) over a 14-year period: January 1985 to December 1998. RESULTS: Three hundred and fifty-one patients with vitiligo, representing 3...
October 2003: International Journal of Dermatology
L Savić, D Milosević, Z Komazec
INTRODUCTION: Early Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA) is a modern noninvasive, objective neurophysiological method for evaluation of hearing threshold. This method is applied in the complex otoneurological diagnostic procedure. The aim of the complete functional diagnostic procedure of hearing impairment in children is to determine the hearing level for the purpose of an early, adequate and quality hearing stimulation which affects the morphophysiological development of the complex auditory system...
March 1999: Medicinski Pregled
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