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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890381/the-link-between-parkinson-s-disease-and-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-with-dream-enactment-possible-implications-for-early-rehabilitation
#1
Brian P Johnson, Kelly P Westlake
The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, to inform readers of the link between the loss of motor inhibition during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep dreaming, diagnosed as REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), and the future onset of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's Disease and dementia with lewy bodies. It has been reported that motor disinhibition during rapid eye movement sleep often precedes onset of these disorders by years or even decades. Second, to consider that identification of RBD and the early involvement of rehabilitation and/or development of home exercise plans may aid in prolonging and even increasing function, independence, and quality of life should such neurodegenerative disorders develop later in life...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890341/cueing-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-with-freezing-of-gait-a-narrative-review-of-the-state-of-the-art-and-novel-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Ginis Pieter, Nackaerts Evelien, Nieuwboer Alice, Heremans Elke
Freezing, which manifests during gait and other movements, is an incapacitating motor symptom experienced by many patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). In rehabilitation, auditory and visual cueing methods are commonly applied to evoke a more goal-directed type of motor control and, as such, reduce freezing severity in patients with PD. In this narrative review, we summarize the current evidence regarding the effects of external cueing in patients with PD with freezing of gait (FOG) and provide suggestions on how to further improve cueing effectiveness with emerging technological developments...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858808/using-inertial-sensors-to-automatically-detect-and-segment-activities-of-daily-living-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Hung Nguyen, Karina Lebel, Sarah Bogard, Etienne Goubault, Patrick Boissy, Qpn Clinicians, Christian Duval
Wearable sensors such as Inertial Measuring Units (IMUs) have been widely used to measure the quantity of physical activities during daily living in healthy and people with movement disorders through activity classification. These sensors have the potential to provide valuable information to evaluate the quality of the movement during activities of daily living (ADL) such as walking, sitting down and standing up, which could help clinicians to monitor rehabilitation and pharmaceutical interventions. However, high accuracy in the detection and segmentation of these activities is necessary for proper evaluation of the quality of the performance within a given segment...
August 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851443/the-pd-comm-trial-a-protocol-for-the-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-trial-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-two-types-of-slt-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Patricia Masterson-Algar, Christopher R Burton, Marian C Brady, Avril Nicoll, Carl E Clarke, Caroline Rick, Max Hughes, Pui Au, Christina H Smith, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: The PD COMM trial is a phase III multi-centre randomised controlled trial whose aim is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two approaches to speech and language therapy (SLT) compared with no SLT intervention (control) for people with Parkinson's disease who have self-reported or carer-reported problems with their speech or voice. Our protocol describes the process evaluation embedded within the outcome evaluation whose aim is to evaluate what happened at the time of the PD COMM intervention implementation and to provide findings that will assist in the interpretation of the PD COMM trial results...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843186/backward-compared-to-forward-over-ground-gait-retraining-have-additional-benefits-for-gait-in-individuals-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Roné Grobbelaar, Ranel Venter, Karen Estelle Welman
Over ground gait retraining in the reverse direction has shown to be beneficial for neurological rehabilitation, but has not yet been investigated in Parkinson's disease (PD). Backwards walking (BW) might be a useful training alternative to improve PD gait and possibly reduce fall risk during complex multi-directional daily activities. The primary aim was to compare the effect of an eight-week forward (FWG) and backwards (BWG) gait retraining program on gait parameters in PD individuals. Twenty-nine participants (aged 71...
August 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836338/analysis-of-autonomic-modulation-of-heart-rate-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-elderly-individuals-submitted-to-game-therapy-training
#6
Rodrigo Santiago Barbosa Rocha, Larissa Salgado De Oliveira Rocha, Elza Sara Maués Pena, Laiz Cristinna Ponce Caldas, Marlene Aparecida Moreno
AIM: Elderly patients and individuals with Parkinson's disease have a reduction in autonomic heart rate modulation, which may influence the survival of these patients, and rehabilitation can minimize this event. We tested the hypothesis that rehabilitation protocol with game console would influence the cardiac autonomic modulation of patients with Parkinson's Disease. METHODS: Eight-seven volunteers were divided into two groups, control (n = 45) and Parkinson's (n = 42), they completed the study 40 volunteers in the control group (CG) and 31 patients in the Parkinson group (PG), and subjected to 24 sessions of game therapy physiotherapy, thrice a week...
August 23, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835397/utilization-of-rehabilitation-therapy-services-in-parkinson-disease-in-the-united-states
#7
Michelle E Fullard, Dylan P Thibault, Andrew Hill, Joellyn Fox, Danish E Bhatti, Michelle A Burack, Nabila Dahodwala, Elizabeth Haberfeld, Drew S Kern, Olga S Klepitskava, Enrique Urrea-Mendoza, Phillip Myers, Jay Nutt, Miriam R Rafferty, Jason M Schwalb, Lisa M Shulman, Allison W Willis
OBJECTIVE: To examine rehabilitation therapy utilization for Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: We identified 174,643 Medicare beneficiaries with a diagnosis of PD in 2007 and followed them through 2009. The main outcome measures were annual receipt of physical therapy (PT), occupational therapy (OT), or speech therapy (ST). RESULTS: Outpatient rehabilitation fee-for-service use was low. In 2007, only 14.2% of individuals with PD had claims for PT or OT, and 14...
September 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816673/generating-arm-swing-trajectories-in-real-time-using-a-data-driven-model-for-gait-rehabilitation-with-self-selected-speed
#8
Babak Hejrati, Andrew S Merryweather, Jake J Abbott
Gait rehabilitation is often focused on the legs, and overlooks the role of the upper limbs. However, a variety of studies have demonstrated the importance of proper arm swing both during healthy walking and during rehabilitation. In this paper, we describe a method for generating proper arm-swing trajectories in real-time using only measurements of the angular velocity of a person's thighs, to be used during gait rehabilitation with self-selected walking speed. A datadriven linear time-invariant transfer function is developed, using frequency-response methods, which captures the frequencydependent magnitude and phase relationship between the thighs' angular velocities and the arm angles (measured at the shoulder, in the sagittal plane), using a data set of 30 healthy adult subjects...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805585/understanding-and-treating-pain-syndromes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Marialuisa Gandolfi, Christian Geroin, Angelo Antonini, Nicola Smania, Michele Tinazzi
Pain affects many people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and diminishes their quality of life. Different types of pain have been described, but their related pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of this chapter is to provide movement disorders specialists an update about the pathophysiology of pain and a practical guide for the management of pain syndromes in clinical practice. This chapter reviews current knowledge on the pathophysiological mechanisms of sensory changes and pain in PD, as well as assessment and treatment procedures to manage these symptoms...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802926/nonmotor-symptoms-and-natural-history-of-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-from-cognitive-dysfunction-and-role-of-noninvasive-interventions
#10
Roberta Biundo, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). Several subsequent studies substantiate the great functional burden related to NMS, their progression, and negative effect on quality of life in PD. Additional evidence indicates interesting relationships between striatal dopaminergic function and NMS. The basal ganglia are implicated in the modulation and integration of sensory information and pain, bladder function is under control of both inhibitory (D1) and facilitatory (D2) dopaminergic inputs, finally reduced dopaminergic activity in the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways is involved in the development of several NMS including mood, motivational, and cognitive alterations...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793808/the-efficacy-and-feasibility-of-aquatic-physiotherapy-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Aan Fleur Terrens, Sze-Ee Soh, Prue Elizabeth Morgan
PURPOSE: To critically evaluate the literature regarding the efficacy and feasibility of aquatic physiotherapy in people with Parkinson's disease. METHOD: Relevant studies were identified through searches in nine health-related databases. Two independent reviewers assessed study quality using either the PEDro scale or a customised tool for safety and feasibility. RESULTS: Database searches yielded 88 articles, of which 10 met the inclusion criteria...
August 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772130/action-observation-in-the-modification-of-postural-sway-and-gait-theory-and-use-in-rehabilitation
#12
REVIEW
Mitesh Patel
The discovery of cortical neurons responsive to both the observation of another individual's movement and one's own physical movement has spurred scientists into utilising this interplay for rehabilitation. The idea that humans can quickly transfer motor programmes or refine existing motor strategies through observation has only recently gained interest in the context of gait rehabilitation but may offer significant promise as an adjunctive therapy to routine balance training. This review is the first dedicated to action observation in postural control or gait in healthy individuals and patients...
July 24, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770096/italian-validation-of-the-belastungsfragebogen-parkinson-kurzversion-bela-p-k-a-disease-specific-questionnaire-for-evaluation-of-the-subjective-perception-of-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Paola Ortelli, Roberto Maestri, Marianna Zarucchi, Veronica Cian, Elisa Urso, Francesca Giacomello, Davide Ferrazzoli, Giuseppe Frazzitta
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is the sense of well-being perceived by people. The improvement of parkinsonian patient's QoL is a crucial goal for clinicians involved in rehabilitative care. In order to provide an appropriate endpoint for the assessment of the effectiveness of rehabilitation treatments on QoL of patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), in this study we have first translated and then validated the Belastungsfragebogen Parkinson kurzversion (BELA-P-k). This tool allows evaluating separately two crucial aspects: i) the loss of personal autonomy in activities of daily life and ii) the psychological and psychosocial impact of the disease...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745728/-quality-of-life-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-the-context-of-professional-work-and-physiotherapy
#14
Joanna Cholewa, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Agnieszka Nawrocka, Jarosław Cholewa
BACKGROUND: Of many diseases and disorders of the nervous system Parkinson's disease (PD) deserves a particular attention for its specific effects having an impact on the ability to undertake different forms of professional and economic activities. Due to the constantly growing incidence rate and the lowering age of patients, PD is becoming more and more serious social problem. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of professional work and physiotherapy on the quality of live in people with Parkinson's disease...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714112/wearables-in-epilepsy-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-focus-group-study
#15
A Ozanne, D Johansson, U Hällgren Graneheim, K Malmgren, F Bergquist, M Alt Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Wearable sensors that measure movement and physiological variables are attractive for clinical evaluation of neurological diseases such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore perceptions regarding the use of wearable technology in disease monitoring and management as reported by individuals with epilepsy and Parkinson's disease as well as health professionals working with these patient groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patient groups (n=25) and two groups with health professionals (n=15) participated in this qualitative, descriptive study with focus group interviews...
July 16, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713038/assessment-of-sexual-function-in-women-with-neurological-disorders-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Frédérique Courtois, Marina Gérard, Kathleen Charvier, David B Vodušek, Gérard Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Although the rehabilitation of sexual function has been identified as a top priority among women presenting neurological conditions, sexual function is rarely assessed in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To review published assessment tools of sexual dysfunction in women with neurological conditions including multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal cord injury (SCI), Parkinson disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted with Medline via PubMed, PubMed Central, and Medline databases...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712331/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-mat-pilates-on-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#17
Jose Maria Cancela, Irimia Mollinedo-Cardalda, Carlos Ayán, Iris Machado de Oliveira
This pilot study aimed at assessing the feasibility and efficacy of a Mat Pilates program in people with mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease (PD). The participants carried out a Mat Pilates program twice a week for 12 weeks. The Senior Fitness Test battery and the 39-item PD Questionnaire were used to assess the effects of the program on the participants' fitness level and quality of life. A total of 16 patients with mild-to-moderate PD volunteered for and finished the study. The Mat Pilates program proved to be feasible...
September 14, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of nonconventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676466/brazilian-samba-protocol-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-non-randomized-study
#19
Ana Cristina Tillmann, Alexandro Andrade, Alessandra Swarowsky, Adriana Coutinho De Azevedo Guimarães
BACKGROUND: In the 10 most populated countries in the world, Parkinson's disease (PD) affects more than 5 million individuals. Despite optimal treatment options already developed for the disease, concomitant involvement of other areas of health care plays an important role in complementing the treatment. From this perspective, dancing can be viewed as a non-drug alternative that can reduce falls by improving some motor skills, such as mobility, balance, gait, and posture, and can also improve the overall quality of life...
July 4, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663005/music-based-interventions-in-neurological-rehabilitation
#20
REVIEW
Aleksi J Sihvonen, Teppo Särkämö, Vera Leo, Mari Tervaniemi, Eckart Altenmüller, Seppo Soinila
During the past ten years, an increasing number of controlled studies have assessed the potential rehabilitative effects of music-based interventions, such as music listening, singing, or playing an instrument, in several neurological diseases. Although the number of studies and extent of available evidence is greatest in stroke and dementia, there is also evidence for the effects of music-based interventions on supporting cognition, motor function, or emotional wellbeing in people with Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, or multiple sclerosis...
August 2017: Lancet Neurology
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