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Beliefs about medication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914459/testing-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-the-basic-birth-beliefs
#1
Heidi Preis, Rony Chen, Michal Eisner, Joseph Pardo, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Women perceive what birth is even before they are pregnant for the first time. Part of this conceptualization is the basic belief about birth as a medical and natural process. These two separate beliefs are pivotal in the decision-making process about labor and birth. Adapting Engel's biopsychosocial framework, we explored the importance of a wide range of factors which may contribute to these beliefs among first-time mothers. METHOD: This observational study included 413 primiparae ≥24 weeks' gestation, recruited in medical centers and in natural birth communities in Israel...
September 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901283/a-systematic-review-of-religious-beliefs-about-major-end-of-life-issues-in-the-five-major-world-religions
#2
Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Areej R El-Jawahri, Mark R Litzow, Karen L Syrjala, Aric D Parnes, Shahrukh K Hashmi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the religious/spiritual beliefs of followers of the five major world religions about frequently encountered medical situations at the end of life (EoL). METHOD: This was a systematic review of observational studies on the religious aspects of commonly encountered EoL situations. The databases used for retrieving studies were: Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus...
October 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900702/-religious-beliefs-and-spirituality-in-medical-residency-a-survey-among-physicians-in-charge-of-training-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy
#3
H Freund, S Böhringer, M Utsch, I Hauth
Religion and spirituality (R/S) as empirically measurable and treatment-relevant variables are growing in significance in psychiatry and psychotherapy worldwide. In a survey conducted among physicians in charge of psychiatric residency training in Germany respondents were asked about the integration of R/S in their curricula. Data suggest that subjects (n = 285) attach considerable importance to R/S and especially to existential issues. The importance of R/S in psychiatric training is essentially linked to the trainers' personal views of the world and the corporate culture of the training centers...
September 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898545/attitudes-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-students-in-china-impact-of-medical-education-on-stigma
#4
Yifan Zhu, Hanwen Zhang, Ge Yang, Xinran Hu, Zhening Liu, Na Guo, Hongbo He, Bin Sun, Robert Rosenheck
INTRODUCTION: Stigma towards people with mental illness impedes effective treatment. A recent study found that Chinese students were less socially accepting of people with mental illness than counterparts from other countries. The current study examined stigma among Chinese medical students at different levels of training. METHODS: Medical students (N = 1372 from 12 Chinese schools) were surveyed with a questionnaire addressing attitudes and beliefs about people with mental illness...
September 12, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898196/teens-and-technology-transforming-acne-treatment
#5
Donna Lee Ettel, Lora Rose Lamanno, Sarah Anne Neyra, Wallace John Ettel, George Leonard Ettel Iii, Matthew Kevin Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Although the Internet contains many health Web sites with valid information, it also contains sites with false information. OBJECTIVE: To learn whether high school students searching health care information believe they are using evidence-based sites and to understand their topics of interest, frequently navigated sites, and trust/confidence in the credibility of information found. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Students at a private high school answered an anonymous survey inquiring about their belief that they were using evidence-based sites, topics of interest, search engines of choice, and their trust in information obtained...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890772/knowledge-and-cultural-beliefs-of-mothers-regarding-the-risk-factors-of-infant-hearing-loss-and-awareness-of-audiology-services
#6
Samantha M Govender, Nasim Banu Khan
The aim of the paper is to describe the knowledge of mothers in Durban, South Africa, regarding risk factors of hearing loss in infants and their awareness of audiology services, and to describe their cultural beliefs about the risk factors for hearing loss in infants. A descriptive survey design with quantitative methods of analysis were used. Conveniently sampled mothers (n=102) receiving postnatal care for their infants from eight provincial clinics within Durban consented to participate, yielding a response rate of 48%...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884450/illness-representations-of-pertussis-and-predictors-of-child-vaccination-among-mothers-in-a-strict-vaccination-exemption-state
#7
Rahul Garg, Abdulkarim Meraya, Pamela J Murray, Kimberly Kelly
Background Vaccine preventable diseases are making a comeback in the US. However, research is lacking on illness representations of vaccine preventable diseases and their application in improving childhood immunization. Objective We utilized the common sense model of self-regulation to examine illness representations of pertussis and their associations with child's receipt of any vaccine, up-to-date vaccination status, and mothers' intentions to follow the recommended vaccination schedule in the future. Methods We developed vaccine worry and vaccine hassles scales to assess mothers' worries and hassles for child vaccination, and used an open ended question to assess mother's illness representations of pertussis...
September 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880484/health-checkup-behavior-and-individual-health-beliefs-in-older-adults
#8
Mika Okura, Mihoko Ogita, Miki Yamamoto, Toshimi Nakai, Tomoko Numata, Hidenori Arai
AIM: Despite Japan being a developed nation, half of its older population does not attend regular health checkups. The aim of the present study was to examine the individual health beliefs and personal recommendations that strongly influence health checkup attendance among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2013, questionnaires were sent to 5401 community-dwelling older adults who were not receiving long-term institutionalized care. The response rate was 94...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873981/-his-native-hot-country-1-racial-science-and-environment-in-antebellum-american-medical-thought
#9
Christopher D Willoughby
Relying on a close reading of more than 4,000 medicals student theses, this essay explores the evolving medical approaches to race and environment in the early national and antebellum United States and highlights the role that medical school pedagogy played in disseminating and elaborating racial theory. Specifically, it considers the influence of racial science on medical concepts of the relationship of bodies to climates. At their core, monogenesis-belief in a single, unified human race-and polygenesis-the belief that each race was created separately-were theories about the human body's connections to the natural world...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868917/mutuality-and-heart-failure-self-care-in-patients-and-their-informal-caregivers
#10
Stephanie A Hooker, Sarah J Schmiege, Ranak B Trivedi, Nicole R Amoyal, David B Bekelman
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a progressive condition characterized by frequent hospitalizations for exacerbated symptoms. Informal family caregivers may help patients improve self-care, which may in turn reduce hospitalizations. However, little is known about how mutuality, defined as the quality of the patient-caregiver relationship, and caregiver burden affect self-care. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the associations among mutuality, patient self-care confidence (beliefs in abilities to engage in self-care behaviors) and maintenance (behaviors such as medication adherence, activity, and low salt intake), caregiver confidence in and maintenance of patient care, and caregiver perceived burden...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867442/does-information-about-abortion-safety-affect-texas-voters-opinions-about-restrictive-laws-a-randomized-study
#11
Kari White, Daniel Grossman, Amanda Jean Stevenson, Kristine Hopkins, Joseph E Potter
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether information about abortion safety and awareness of abortion laws affect voters' opinions about medically unnecessary abortion regulations. STUDY DESIGN: Between May and June 2016, we randomized 1200 Texas voters to receive or not receive information describing the safety of office-based abortion care during an online survey about abortion laws using simple random assignment. We compared the association between receiving safety information and awareness of recent restrictions and beliefs that ambulatory surgical center (ASC) requirements for abortion facilities and hospital admitting privileges requirements for physicians would make abortion safer...
August 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860724/-patients-understanding-is-the-problem-physicians-views-of-nonadherence-among-arabs-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Mohammad Waheedi, Fatima B Jeragh-Alhaddad, Abdelmoneim Ismail Awad, Hannes Enlund
PURPOSE: Nonadherence to diabetes medication is a significant barrier toward achieving positive treatment outcomes. There is an abundance of research looking at the problem from the patient perspective, but less from the provider perspective. The Middle East region has one of the highest prevalences of type 2 diabetes in the world, with special cultural characteristics, which require research attention. The aim of this study was to explore the views of primary-care physicians on medication nonadherence among type 2 diabetes patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859729/factors-influencing-uptake-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-some-qualitative-insights-from-an-intervention-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#13
Chunxing Liu, Yingying Ding, Zhen Ning, Meiyang Gao, Xing Liu, Frank Y Wong, Na He
Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a biomedical approach for preventing the acquisition of HIV in populations at substantial risk for HIV. However, its uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) is low in China. The study aimed to identify factors that might influence MSM's uptake and use of PrEP. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 32 self-identified MSM from a PrEP intervention study evaluating daily oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to prevent HIV infection. Of these men, 11 were presently using the 'TDF' group; 8 from the 'change-over' group (i...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859470/medication-nonadherence-in-korean-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-importance-of-belief-about-medication-and-illness-perception
#14
Young Sun Suh, Yun-Hong Cheon, Hyun-Ok Kim, Rock-Bum Kim, Ki Soo Park, Sang-Hyon Kim, Seung-Geun Lee, Eun-Kyoung Park, Jian Hur, Sang-Il Lee
Background/Aims: To investigate medication nonadherence in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and analyze related factors. Methods: A total of 292 patients with RA participated in this study. Medication nonadherence, intentional or unintentional, was gauged via self-reported questionnaire. Patient perceptions of illness, treatment beliefs, and moods were measured via Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire, and Patient Health Questionnaire-2, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858695/interest-in-and-reactions-to-genetic-risk-information-the-role-of-implicit-theories-and-self-affirmation
#15
Jennifer M Taber, William M P Klein, Susan Persky, Rebecca A Ferrer, Annette R Kaufman, Chan L Thai, Peter R Harris
RATIONALE: Implicit theories reflect core assumptions about whether human attributes are malleable or fixed: Incremental theorists believe a characteristic is malleable whereas entity theorists believe it is fixed. People with entity theories about health may be less likely to engage in risk-mitigating behavior. Spontaneous self-affirmation (e.g., reflecting on one's values when threatened) may lessen defensiveness and unhealthy behaviors associated with fixed beliefs, and reduce the likelihood of responding to health risk information with fixed beliefs...
August 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854594/transparent-collaboration-between-industry-and-academia-can-serve-unmet-patient-need-and-contribute-to-reproductive-public-health
#16
Thomas D'Hooghe
The pharmaceutical and device industry has greatly contributed to diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in reproductive medicine in a very highly regulated environment, ensuring that development and manufacturing follow the highest standards. In spite of these achievements, collaboration between industry and physicians/academia is often presented in a negative context. However, today more than ever, partnership between industry and academia is needed to shorten the timeline between innovation and application, and to achieve faster access to better diagnostics, drugs and devices for the benefit of patients and society, based on complementary knowledge, skills and expertise...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853448/use-of-medicines-adherence-and-attitudes-to-medicines-among-persons-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#17
H Høgholen, A Storhaug, K Kvernrød, E Kostovski, K K Viktil, L Mathiesen
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of medicines and adherence among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Further, to examine the influence of pain, spasms and beliefs about medicines on adherence. SETTING: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Persons (⩾18 years) with chronic SCI (more than 1-year post injury), using at least one drug regularly, and admitted for a follow-up stay at Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital were included...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843082/attitudes-toward-placebo-controlled-clinical-trials-among-depressed-patients-in-japan
#18
Norio Sugawara, Masamichi Ishioka, Shoko Tsuchimine, Koji Tsuruga, Yasushi Sato, Natsumi Tarakita, Hanako Furukori, Shuhei Kudo, Tetsu Tomita, Taku Nakagami, Norio Yasui-Furukori
BACKGROUND: Placebo-controlled clinical trials are the standard in the design of clinical studies for the licensing of new drugs. Medical and ethical concerns regarding placebo use still exist in clinical trials of depressed patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes toward placebo-controlled clinical trials and to assess factors related to the willingness to participate in such trials among depressed patients in Japan. METHODS: A total of 206 depressed patients aged 49...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842149/the-history-of-japanese-anesthesiology
#19
REVIEW
Shigeru Saito, Hirosato Kikuchi, Akitomo Matsuki
Anesthesia in Japan has a 200-year history, beginning when Seishū Hanaoka first conducted surgery successfully under general anesthesia in 1804. Despite common belief, Hanaoka was not secretive about his technique using Mafutsusan, and he spawned a generation of Japanese anesthetists, including Gendai Kamada, author of several influential texts. Japanese anesthetists adopted inhalational techniques as they became available. In 1954, the Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists was established; in 1960, "Anesthesiology" was accredited by Japanese government as an officially approved medical specialty; and in 1963, board examinations were established to be an instructor of anesthesia...
July 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839441/transition-clinic-attendance-is-associated-with-improved-beliefs-and-attitudes-toward-medicine-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Nancy Fu, Kevan Jacobson, Andrew Round, Kathi Evans, Hong Qian, Brian Bressler
AIM: To evaluated the differences in knowledge, adherence, attitudes, and beliefs about medicine in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) attending transition clinics. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients from July 2012 to June 2013. All adolescents who attended a tertiary-centre-based dedicated IBD transition clinic were invited to participate. Adolescent controls were recruited from university-affiliated gastroenterology offices. Participants completed questionnaires about their disease and reported adherence to prescribed therapy...
August 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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