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Beliefs about medication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428160/simulated-conversations-with-virtual-humans-to-improve-patient-provider-communication-and-reduce-unnecessary-prescriptions-for-antibiotics-a-repeated-measure-pilot-study
#1
Antoinette Schoenthaler, Glenn Albright, Judith Hibbard, Ron Goldman
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence that antibiotics do not cure viral infections, the problem of unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics in ambulatory care persists, and in some cases, prescribing patterns have increased. The overuse of antibiotics for treating viral infections has created numerous economic and clinical consequences including increased medical costs due to unnecessary hospitalizations, antibiotic resistance, disruption of gut bacteria, and obesity. Recent research has underscored the importance of collaborative patient-provider communication as a means to reduce the high rates of unnecessary prescriptions for antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425004/on-the-inner-life-of-physicians-analysis-of-family-medicine-residents-written-reflections
#2
Andrea Vicini, Allen F Shaughnessy, Ashley Duggan
This qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the "inner life of physicians" and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians' inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians' inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422273/a-survey-of-women-s-awareness-of-and-reasons-for-lack-of-postfracture-osteoporotic-care
#3
Denise M Boudreau, Onchee Yu, Akhila Balasubramanian, Heidi Wirtz, Andreas Grauer, Daria B Crittenden, Delia Scholes
OBJECTIVES: To identify women's beliefs and other factors associated with lack of osteoporosis (OP) pharmacotherapy (OP-RX) during the 6 months after a fragility fracture, including the woman's perspective on fracture risk, OP, and treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Group Health Cooperative, a mixed-model delivery system. PARTICIPANTS: Female Group Health Cooperative enrollees aged 55 and older with an OP-related fracture according to diagnostic and procedure codes from January 1, 2013, to March 30, 2014 (N = 985)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421453/psychological-determinants-of-medication-adherence-in-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#4
Elise Crayton, Marion Fahey, Mark Ashworth, Sarah Jane Besser, John Weinman, Alison J Wright
BACKGROUND: Medications targeting stroke risk factors have shown good efficacy, yet adherence is suboptimal. To improve adherence, its determinants must be understood. To date, no systematic review has mapped identified determinants into the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) in order to establish a more complete understanding of medication adherence. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify psychological determinants that most influence stroke survivors' medication adherence...
April 18, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420910/awareness-and-attitudes-towards-organ-donation-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#5
Zaid Sayedalamin, Muhammad Imran, Osama Almutairi, Mohammed Lamfon, Majd Alnawwar, Mukhtiar Baig
OBJECTIVE: To assess awareness and attitude of medical students about organ donation. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised medical students. The participants were asked about their religious and other beliefs towards organ donation, their reasons for not donating organs, and their personal opinions about organ donation through a questionnaire. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420063/patients-experiences-of-lupus-related-foot-problems-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
A E Williams, A Blake, L Cherry, B Alcacer-Pitarch, C J Edwards, N Hopkinson, E M J Vital, L S Teh
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present with a variety of symptoms. Previous research has shown there is a high prevalence of lower limb and foot problems in patients with SLE associated with the musculoskeletal, vascular and neurological changes. Furthermore, there is a high prevalence of infections affecting the feet and a range of common skin and nail problems. However, it is not known how these foot problems impact upon people's lives. Therefore, we aimed to explore this using a qualitative approach...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405339/ethiopian-patients-perceptions-of-anti-diabetic-medications-implications-for-diabetes-education
#7
Bruck Messele Habte, Tedla Kebede, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Heather Boon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to explore medication-related perceptions of adult patients with type 2 diabetes attending treatment in public hospitals of urban centers in central Ethiopia. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were held with 39 participants selected to represent a range of treatment experiences and socio-demographic characteristics who were attending their treatment in 3 public hospitals. Interviews continued until key themes were saturated...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404527/-when-you-are-homeless-you-are-not-thinking-about-your-medication-but-your-food-shelter-or-heat-for-the-night-behavioural-determinants-of-homeless-patients-adherence-to-prescribed-medicines
#8
V Paudyal, K MacLure, C Buchanan, L Wilson, J Macleod, D Stewart
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore behavioural determinants of homeless patients' adherence to prescribed medicines using Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a homelessness primary healthcare centre in Aberdeen, United Kingdom (UK). Face-to-face interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis of the interview data was conducted using the Framework Approach based on the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 31, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387570/seeking-and-accepting-u-s-clergy-theological-and-moral-perspectives-informing-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life
#9
Justin J Sanders, Vinca Chow, Andrea C Enzinger, Tai-Chung Lam, Patrick T Smith, Rebecca Quiñones, Andrew Baccari, Sarah Philbrick, Gloria White-Hammond, John Peteet, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
BACKGROUND: People with serious illness frequently rely on religion/spirituality to cope with their diagnosis, with potentially positive and negative consequences. Clergy are uniquely positioned to help patients consider medical decisions at or near the end of life within a religious/spiritual framework. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine clergy knowledge of end-of-life (EOL) care and beliefs about the role of faith in EOL decision making for patients with serious illness...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379826/congruence-of-patient-self-rating-of-health-with-family-physician-ratings
#10
Nancy C Elder, Ryan Imhoff, Jennifer Chubinski, C Jeffrey Jacobson, Harini Pallerla, Petar Saric, Vitaliy Rotenberg, Mary Beth Vonder Meulen, Anthony C Leonard, Mark Carrozza, Saundra Regan
BACKGROUND: A single self-rated health (SRH) question is associated with health outcomes, but agreement between SRH and physician-rated patient health (PRPH) has been poorly studied. We studied patient and physician reasoning for health ratings and the role played by patient lifestyle and objective health measures in the congruence between SRH and PRPH. METHODS: Surveys of established family medicine patients and their physicians, and medical record review at 4 offices...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378924/educational-and-behavioural-interventions-for-anticoagulant-therapy-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#11
REVIEW
Danielle E Clarkesmith, Helen M Pattison, Phyo H Khaing, Deirdre A Lane
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend oral anticoagulation therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with one or more risk factors for stroke; however, anticoagulation control (time in therapeutic range (TTR)) with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) is dependent on many factors. Educational and behavioural interventions may impact patients' ability to maintain their international normalised ratio (INR) control. This is an updated version of the original review first published in 2013...
April 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370652/do-patients-trust-the-fda-a-survey-assessing-how-patients-view-the-generic-drug-approval-process
#12
Aaron S Kesselheim, Joshua J Gagne, Jessica M Franklin, Wesley Eddings, Lisa A Fulchino, Eric G Campbell
PURPOSE: Skepticism about the safety and effectiveness of certain generic drugs remains, particularly related to generic drugs that are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) using product-specific bioequivalence studies that differ from the standard testing pathway. The current study was designed to assess patient knowledge and perceptions of the generic drug approval process. METHODS: We conducted a survey of patients with 10 different chronic diseases...
March 31, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367132/experts-and-novices-perception-of-ignorance-and-knowledge-in-different-research-disciplines-and-its-relation-to-belief-in-certainty-of-knowledge
#13
Isabelle Hansson, Sandra Buratti, Carl Martin Allwood
Assessments of the extent of knowledge in a domain can be important since non-identified lack of knowledge may lead to decisions that do not consider the effect of relevant factors. Two studies examined experts' and novices' perception of their own ignorance and knowledge out of everything there is to know within their own and other disciplines and their assessments of their discipline's, and other disciplines' knowledge of all there is to know in each discipline. In total 380 experts and 401 students from the disciplines of history, medicine, physics, and psychology participated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365587/electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-ends-use-during-smoking-cessation-a-qualitative-study-of-40-oklahoma-quitline-callers
#14
Katrina A Vickerman, Laura A Beebe, Gillian L Schauer, Brooke Magnusson, Brian A King
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 10% (40 000) of US quitline enrollees who smoke cigarettes report current use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS); however, little is known about callers' ENDS use. Our aim was to describe why and how quitline callers use ENDS, their beliefs about ENDS and the impact of ENDS use on callers' quit processes and use of FDA-approved cessation medications. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews conducted 1-month postregistration. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, double-coded and analysed to identify themes...
April 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365166/-i-was-close-to-death-abortion-and-medical-risk-on-american-television-2005-2016
#15
Gretchen Sisson, Brenly Rowland
OBJECTIVES: To examine the portrayal of complications and long-term health consequences associated with abortion on television, recognizing the impact that fictional stories can have on public beliefs about abortion's safety. STUDY DESIGN: Using a systematic online search, we identified all instances of abortion on US television from 2005 to 2016. We qualitatively coded these plotlines to identify any occurrences of complications, interventions or long-term health consequences associated with abortion care, with 95% intercoder reliability...
March 29, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364402/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-help-seeking-behaviors-of-students-who-experience-psychological-distress-around-assessment-at-medical-school
#16
Rachel I Winter, Rakesh Patel, Robert I Norman
OBJECTIVE: Medical students are at high risk of experiencing psychological distress at medical school and developing mental ill-health during professional practice. Despite efforts by faculty to raise awareness about this risk, many students choose to suffer in silence in the face of psychological distress. The aim of this study was to explore drivers that prompted help-seeking behavior and barriers that prevented individuals prioritizing their well-being around the time of high-stakes assessment at medical school...
March 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361799/do-i-need-training-in-public-health-ethics-a-survey-on-italian-residents-beliefs-knowledge-and-curricula
#17
Massimiliano Colucci, Martina Chellini, Paola Anello, Benedetto Arru, Glenda Tettamanti, Elena Marcon
INTRODUCTION: Ethics is needed to support the decision-making process in public health and to face moral issues during practice. However, professionals are often not adequately trained. OBJECTIVES: In 2015, the National Conference of Public Health Medical Residents of the Italian Society of Public Health started the "Public Health Ethics" workgroup to evaluate how the Italian Schools of Public Health train their residents in ethics, and which are residents' beliefs, knowledge and attitudes about public health ethics...
January 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358802/knowledge-practices-and-perceptions-of-geo-helminthes-infection-among-parents-of-pre-school-age-children-of-coastal-region-kenya
#18
Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H Kihara, Isaac G Thuita, Doris W Njomo
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are common human parasitic diseases in most of the developing world particularly in Kenya. The ongoing National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) was launched in 2012 and is currently targeting 28 of the 47 endemic Counties. In an effort to improve treatment intervention strategies among Pre-School Age Children (PSAC) attending Early Childhood Development Centres (ECDC), we sought to assess parents' knowledge, perceptions and practices on worm infection...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355226/considering-medical-risk-information-and-communicating-values-a-mixed-method-study-of-women-s-choice-in-prenatal-testing
#19
An Chen, Henni Tenhunen, Paulus Torkki, Seppo Heinonen, Paul Lillrank, Vedran Stefanovic
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, an important decision for pregnant women is whether to undergo prenatal testing for aneuploidies and which tests to uptake. We investigate the factors influencing women's choices between non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and invasive prenatal tests in pregnancies with elevated a priori risk of fetal aneuploidies. METHODOLOGY: This is a mixed-method study. We used medical data (1st Jan 2015-31st Dec 2015) about women participating in further testing at Fetomaternal Medical Center at Helsinki University Hospital and employed Chi-square tests and ANOVA to compare the groups of women choosing different methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352463/pervasive-antibiotic-misuse-in-the-cambodian-community-antibiotic-seeking-behaviour-with-unrestricted-access
#20
Chhorvoin Om, Frances Daily, Erika Vlieghe, James C McLaughlin, Mary-Louise McLaws
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic misuse is widespread in resource-limited countries such as Cambodia where the burden of infectious diseases is high and access to antibiotics is unrestricted. We explored healthcare seeking behaviour related to obtaining antibiotics and drivers of antibiotic misuse in the Cambodian community. METHODS: In-depth interviews were held with family members of patients being admitted in hospitals and private pharmacies termed pharmacy attendants in the catchment areas of the hospitals...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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