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Beliefs about medication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333898/the-physical-health-of-individuals-receiving-antipsychotic-medication-a-qualitative-inquiry-on-experiences-and-needs
#1
Angela M Cocoman, Mary Casey
Individuals with a mental illness are reported to have a reduced life expectancy and a greater risk of being affected by preventable physical illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes. This inquiry sought to identify the physical health beliefs, experiences and needs of individuals with mental health problems in receipt of antipsychotic medication who live in the community. A qualitative inquiry was undertaken using three focus groups in a community mental health service in Ireland with 21 participants with mental health problems who were treated with antipsychotic medication...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330625/facilitating-adherence-to-endocrine-therapy-in-breast-cancer-stability-and-predictive-power-of-treatment-expectations-in-a-2-year-prospective-study
#2
Yiqi Pan, Sarah R Heisig, Pia von Blanckenburg, Ute-Susann Albert, Peyman Hadji, Winfried Rief, Yvonne Nestoriuc
PURPOSE: To identify modifiable factors predictive of long-term adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET). METHODS: As part of a 2-year cohort study in primary care (n = 116), we investigated whether initial treatment expectations predict adherence at 24 months after controlling for demographic, medical, and psychosocial variables. Treatment expectations were measured as necessity-concern beliefs, expected side-effect severity, and expected coping with side effects...
January 12, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329697/ageing-perceptions-and-non-adherence-to-aromatase-inhibitors-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Moriah J Brier, Dianne L Chambless, Jinbo Chen, Jun J Mao
PURPOSE: Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are a potentially life-saving treatment for breast cancer survivors, yet poor adherence to treatment is a prevalent problem. A common adverse effect of AI treatment is arthralgia, which is identified by survivors as a major reason for treatment discontinuation. Women who experience arthralgia on AIs often report feeling they have aged rapidly while on the treatment. In the present study, we examined whether arthralgia-associated ageing perceptions predicted non-adherence...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325822/parental-vaccine-hesitancy-in-italy-results-from-a-national-survey
#4
Cristina Giambi, Massimo Fabiani, Fortunato D'Ancona, Lorenza Ferrara, Daniel Fiacchini, Tolinda Gallo, Domenico Martinelli, Maria Grazia Pascucci, Rosa Prato, Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Martina Del Manso, Caterina Rizzo, Maria Cristina Rota
In Italy, in 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to estimate vaccine hesitancy and investigate its determinants among parents of children aged 16-36 months. Data on parental attitudes and beliefs about vaccinations were collected through a questionnaire administered online or self-administered at pediatricians' offices and nurseries. Parents were classified as pro-vaccine, vaccine-hesitant or anti-vaccine, according to self-reported tetanus and measles vaccination status of their child. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with hesitancy...
January 8, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325569/the-relevance-of-clinical-ethnography-reflections-on-10%C3%A2-years-of-a-cultural-consultation-service
#5
Melissa Dominicé Dao, Sophie Inglin, Sarah Vilpert, Patricia Hudelson
BACKGROUND: Training health professionals in culturally sensitive medical interviewing has been widely promoted as a strategy for improving intercultural communication and for helping clinicians to consider patients' social and cultural contexts and improve patient outcomes. Clinical ethnography encourages clinicians to explore the patient's explanatory model of illness, recourse to traditional and alternative healing practices, healthcare expectations and social context, and to use this information to negotiate a mutually acceptable treatment plan...
January 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322713/communication-adaptations-for-a-diverse-international-patient-population
#6
Aditya Ghosh, Shashank Joshi, Amit K Ghosh
We live in an age of hyper connectivity, people from around the world are looking outside their own national borders to receive medical care. As more people are learning about the quality that the elite Indian hospitals provide at a competitive, and often more affordable, price compared to other institutions around the world, they are becoming increasingly interested in receiving their medical care in Indian hospitals. It is for this exact reason that it is very important to learn the importance of communicating effectively with people from a diverse background...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319900/laypersons-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-as-potential-barriers-to-care
#7
LeeAnne B Sherwin
AIMS: To describe the layperson's knowledge and perceptions regarding the aetiology, pathogenesis, prevalence, medical evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. BACKGROUND: Diagnosis acceptance and adherence to treatment is influenced by the views of the patient's social networks. Little is known how these networks influence those with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of two-hundred four laypersons, ages 18-80 years without an Irritable Bowel Syndrome diagnosis...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#8
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319482/perioperative-chemotherapy-for-bladder-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-physician-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour
#9
Melanie Walker, R Christopher Doiron, Simon D French, Deb Feldman-Stewart, D Robert Siemens, William J Mackillop, Christopher M Booth
INTRODUCTION: Use of chemotherapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is known to be low. To understand factors driving practice we use the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use. METHODS: A convenience sample of Canadian urologists, medical oncologists (MOs) and radiation oncologists (ROs) participated in individual, semi-structured, one-hour telephone interviews. An interview guide was developed using the TDF to assess potential barriers and enablers of chemotherapy use...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317189/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-illness-perceptions-medication-beliefs-and-medication-adherence-among-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Elizabeth Unni, Yen-Ming Huang, Cameron Lanier
BACKGROUND: Beliefs in medications and illness perceptions is associated with medication adherence among individuals with diabetes and several adherence interventions focus on patients' beliefs in medicines and illnesses. Though health literacy is important in medication adherence, the relationship between health literacy and medication adherence remains inconclusive; thus raising the question as to whether health literacy has an amplifying or reducing effect on the relationship between beliefs and adherence...
December 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314508/how-the-dual-process-model-of-human-cognition-can-inform-efforts-to-de-implement-ineffective-and-harmful-clinical-practices-a-preliminary-model-of-unlearning-and-substitution
#11
Christian D Helfrich, Adam J Rose, Christine W Hartmann, Leti van Bodegom-Vos, Ian D Graham, Suzanne J Wood, Barbara R Majerczyk, Chester B Good, Leonard M Pogach, Sherry L Ball, David H Au, David C Aron
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: One way to understand medical overuse at the clinician level is in terms of clinical decision-making processes that are normally adaptive but become maladaptive. In psychology, dual process models of cognition propose 2 decision-making processes. Reflective cognition is a conscious process of evaluating options based on some combination of utility, risk, capabilities, and/or social influences. Automatic cognition is a largely unconscious process occurring in response to environmental or emotive cues based on previously learned, ingrained heuristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313960/isotretinoin-treatment-for-folliculitis-decalvans-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#12
Berna Aksoy, Asli Hapa, Emine Mutlu
BACKGROUND: The literature includes only a few reports of oral isotretinoin for the treatment of folliculitis decalvans (FD). This study aimed to determine the most effective dose and duration of oral isotretinoin monotherapy for achieving remission in FD patients. METHODS: This retrospective case series study included FD patients that were treated with oral isotretinoin. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and treatment details were obtained from the patients' medical records...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297413/care-seeking-behaviors-for-maternal-and-newborn-illnesses-among-self-help-group-households-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#13
Kumudha Aruldas, Aastha Kant, P S Mohanan
BACKGROUND: India has made large strides in reducing maternal mortality ratio and neonatal mortality rate, yet care-seeking behavior for appropriate care is still a challenge. We conducted a qualitative study to understand the process of recognition and care-seeking for maternal and newborn illnesses in rural India where a health intervention through women's self-help groups (SHG) to improve maternal and newborn health behaviors is implemented by a non-governmental organization, the Rajiv Gandhi Mahila Vikas Pariyojana...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284242/lay-beliefs-on-polish-oncology-in-the-evaluation-of-healthy-individuals
#14
Małgorzata Synowiec-Piłat
INTRODUCTION: Poland is among the countries which reported the highest rates of mortality from cancer. The health behaviours of people are influenced, among other things, by their beliefs about cancer, but their evaluation of oncological institutions and specialists seems also to be of great importance. Objectives. 1. How the respondents evaluate Polish oncology: a) the conditions of treatment in oncology hospitals, b) access to oncological medical services, c) the competence of oncologists...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283617/treating-ptsd-in-primary-care-one-small-step-is-one-giant-leap
#15
Andrew S Pomerantz
Comments on an article by J. A. Cigrang et al. (see record 2017-56601-006). At first glance, the article by Cigrang et al. is another in a long line of randomized clinical trials of psychotherapy for a common condition. Under closer scrutiny, however, it is a groundbreaking study that challenges many commonly held beliefs about effective interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cigrang et al. have begun to change the status quo with this study within the DoD. The same protocol is now in the early stages of implementation as a pilot in the VA's Patient Aligned Care Team (VA equivalent of the Patient Centered Medical Home)...
December 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278439/investigating-barriers-to-immunosuppressant-medication-adherence-in-renal-transplant-patients
#16
Amelia R Cossart, Christine E Staatz, Scott B Campbell, Nicole M Isbel, W Neil Cottrell
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressant medication non-adherence can result in allograft rejection and loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of non-adherence and barriers to adherence with immunosuppressant medications, in an adult renal transplant cohort. METHODS: Kidney transplant recipients completed a self-report survey consisting of five validated questionnaires (Basel Assessment of Adherence Immunosuppression Scale (BAASIS), Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire, Immunosuppressant Therapy Barrier Scale, Brief-Illness Perception Questionnaire, and Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale), and provided sociodemographic information...
December 26, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249169/beliefs-and-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-related-disease-among-uninsured-primary-care-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Akiko Kamimura, Maziar M Nourian, Alla Chernenko, Naveen Rathi, Michael-Ann Oslund, Jeanie Ashby
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine cardiovascular disease-related health beliefs and how they are influenced by knowledge and a sense of community among uninsured primary care patients. Method This study was a cross-sectional study using a self-administered paper survey (January to April 2016). The study population included medically uninsured US-born English speakers, non-US-born English speakers, and Spanish speakers. Results Medically uninsured adults utilizing a free clinic (N = 374) participated in the survey...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244997/beliefs-and-determinants-of-use-of-traditional-complementary-alternative-medicine-in-pediatric-patients-who-undergo-treatment-for-cancer-in-south-america
#18
Valeria Rocha, Elena J Ladas, Meiko Lin, Walter Cacciavillano, Elizabeth Ginn, Kara M Kelly, Guillermo Chantada, Luis Castillo
Purpose The use of traditional complementary/alternative medicine (TCAM) among children with cancer has been well documented. South America has a rich history of traditional healers and medicinal resources; however, little is known about the use of TCAM among children with cancer. We sought to investigate patterns, beliefs, and determinants of TCAM use among South American children with cancer. Methods A cross-sectional survey was administered to 199 children treated for cancer at institutions located in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Montevideo, Uruguay...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243475/hope-for-better-treatment-in-participating-clinical-drug-trials
#19
Tapani Keränen, Amos Pasternack, Arja Halkoaho
An informed consent is a prerequisite for participating in medical trials, whereby the person asked to take part in the trial shall understand what he is committing himself to, and that the consent is given voluntarily. Voluntariness can be undermined by so-called therapeutic optimism, i.e. belief in personal benefit brought about by the trial, as well as the difficulty of understanding how conventional treatment and the trial differ from each other, i.e. the so-called therapeutic misconception. The investigator, especially if he is also the attending physician, may influence the development of therapeutic misconception, because the participant may assume that the physician works as an investigator for the best benefit of the patients...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243104/skepticism-regarding-vaccine-and-gluten-free-food-safety-among-patients-with-celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity
#20
Loren G Rabinowitz, Haley M Zylberberg, Alan Levinovitz, Melissa S Stockwell, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the adoption of the gluten-free (GF) diet. AIMS: To query individuals with celiac disease (CD) and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) on their beliefs toward the health effects of gluten, and safety of vaccines and GF food products. METHODS: We distributed a Web-based survey to individuals with CD and NCGS on a CD center e-mail list. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to compare responses of respondents with CD and NCGS...
December 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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