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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650247/burden-of-alcohol-abuse-or-dependence-among-long-term-opioid-users-with-chronic-noncancer-pain
#1
Pamela B Landsman-Blumberg, Nathaniel Katz, Kavita Gajria, Anna D Coutinho, Paul P Yeung, Richard White
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse disorders among chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) patients add to the clinical challenges and economic burden of caring for such patients. Despite potential risks, some CNCP patients with a history of alcohol abuse or dependence (AAD) and pain that is refractory to nonopioid treatment options may still need opioids for pain management. However, there is a lack of data on adverse outcomes in long-term opioid users with CNCP and a history of substance abuse or AAD disorders...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634699/cost-effective-analysis-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Ashit Syngle, Sudeep Kaur, Inderjeet Verma, Tanya Syngle, Vijaita Syngle
The main objective of the study was to perform the pharmacoeconomic analysis of synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients. A prospective, observational study was conducted in 98 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients meeting 2010 Rheumatoid Arthritis Classification Criteria. Treatment-naive RA patients were initiated on synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD/s) and followed up for 3 months. Average cost-effectiveness analysis was done by taking Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) score as a measure of effectiveness...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630838/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-case-of-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-causing-spontaneous-pathological-fracture-of-humerus-in-a-middle-aged-female
#3
Umesh Birole, Ashish Ranade, Mahesh Mone
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is often secondary to some primary foci in lungs. There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626506/impact-of-nonadherence-to-inhaled-corticosteroid-laba-therapy-on-copd-exacerbation-rates-and-healthcare-costs-in-a-commercially-insured-us-population
#4
Jill R Davis, Bingcao Wu, David M Kern, Ozgur Tunceli, Kathleen M Fox, John Horton, Randall F Legg, Frank Trudo
BACKGROUND: Evidence of poor patient adherence to medications for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is well-documented, but its impact on disease exacerbation rates and associated healthcare costs remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between adherence levels to different inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting ß2-adrenergic agonist (LABA) and COPD exacerbation rates and costs in a commercially insured population. METHODS: In this observational cohort study, patients with COPD (aged ≥40 years) who were treatment-naïve to inhaled corticosteroid/LABA and were initiating budesonide plus formoterol or fluticasone plus salmeterol between March 1, 2009, and January 31, 2014, were identified in a national representative claims database and were followed for up to 12 months...
April 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620063/clinical-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-by-body-surface-area-affected-by-psoriasis-results-from-the-corrona-psa-spondyloarthritis-registry
#5
Philip J Mease, Chitra Karki, Jacqueline B Palmer, Carol J Etzel, Arthur Kavanaugh, Christopher T Ritchlin, Wendi Malley, Vivian Herrera, Melody Tran, Jeffrey D Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is commonly comorbid with psoriasis; the extent of skin lesions is a major contributor to psoriatic disease severity/burden. We evaluated whether extent of skin involvement with psoriasis [body surface area (BSA) > 3% vs ≤ 3%] affects overall clinical and patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in patients with PsA. METHODS: Using the Corrona PsA/Spondyloarthritis Registry, patient characteristics, disease activity, and PRO at registry enrollment were assessed for patients with PsA aged ≥ 18 years with BSA > 3% versus ≤ 3%...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603638/clinician-agreement-and-influence-of-medication-related-characteristics-on-assessment-of-polypharmacy
#6
Gao-Jing Ong, Amy Page, Gillian Caughey, Sally Johns, Emily Reeve, Sepehr Shakib
It is not known how clinicians assess polypharmacy or the medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. The aim of this study was to examine the level of agreement between clinicians when assessing polypharmacy and to identify medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. Twenty cases of patients with varying levels of comorbidity and polypharmacy were used to examine clinician assessment of polypharmacy. Medicine-related factors within the cases included Beers and STOPP Criteria medicines, falls-risk medicines, drug burden index (DBI) medicines, medicines causing postural hypotension, and pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594049/venous-thromboembolism-past-present-and-future
#7
Sam Schulman, Walter Ageno, Stavros V Konstantinides
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), the third most frequent acute cardiovascular syndrome, is associated with a considerable disease burden which continues to grow along with the longer life expectancy of the population worldwide. In the past century, parenteral heparin prophylaxis was established for hospitalised patients at elevated risk of VTE. More recently, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) with a direct inhibiting effect on factor Xa or thrombin, underwent extensive testing in clinical trials and have been approved for patients undergoing hip or knee replacement...
June 8, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581025/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-among-patients-diagnosed-with-cluster-headache-in-u-s-healthcare-claims-data
#8
Casey K Choong, Janet H Ford, Allen W Nyhuis, Shivang G Joshi, Rebecca L Robinson, Sheena K Aurora, James M Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To characterize demographics, clinical characteristics, and treatment patterns of patients with cluster headache (CH). BACKGROUND: CH is an uncommon trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia with limited evidence-based treatment options. Patients suffer from extremely painful unilateral headache attacks and autonomic symptoms with episodic and chronic cycles. DESIGN/METHODS: This retrospective analysis used insurance claims from Truven Health Analytics MarketScan(®) research databases from 2009 to 2014...
June 5, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562550/tricyclic-antidepressants-for-preventing-migraine-in-adults
#9
Xiao-Min Xu, Yang Liu, Mei-Xue Dong, De-Zhi Zou, You-Dong Wei
BACKGROUND: Migraine, ranked as the 7th-highest specific cause of disability worldwide, has caused an enormous burden on the economy and society. Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) is one of the most commonly drugs for migraine prevention. However, evidence about the efficacy and tolerability of TCAs in the prophylaxis of migraine in adults is somewhat confusing. METHODS: A computerized literature search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases from inception to July 2016 was conducted...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541870/palmoplantar-pustulosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-germany
#10
Dagmar Wilsmann-Theis, Arnd Jacobi, Yvonne Frambach, Sandra Philipp, Ansgar Weyergraf, Tillmann Schill, Kirsten Steinz, Sascha Gerdes, Rotraut Mössner
BACKGROUND: Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a recalcitrant chronic inflammatory skin disease. Data relevant for the medical care of patients with PPP are scarce. Thus, the aim of this work was to investigate the disease burden, clinical characteristics, and comorbidity of PPP patients in Germany. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PPP patients were examined in a crosssectional study at seven specialized psoriasis centers in Germany. RESULTS: Of the 172 included patients with PPP, 79...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535785/optimizing-medication-appropriateness-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-interventional-trial-to-decrease-anticholinergic-burden
#11
Daniela C Moga, Erin L Abner, Dorinda N Rigsby, Lynne Eckmann, Mark Huffmyer, Richard R Murphy, Beth B Coy, Gregory A Jicha
BACKGROUND: The complexity of medication therapy in older adults with multiple comorbidities often leads to inappropriate prescribing. Drugs with anticholinergic properties are of particular interest because many are not recognized for this property; their use may lead to increased anticholinergic burden resulting in significant health risks, as well as negatively impacting cognition. Medication therapy management (MTM) interventions showed promise in addressing inappropriate medication use, but the effectiveness of targeted multidisciplinary team interventions addressing anticholinergic medications in older populations is yet to be determined...
May 23, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535332/interventions-for-treating-anxiety-after-stroke
#12
REVIEW
Peter Knapp, C Alexia Campbell Burton, John Holmes, Jenni Murray, David Gillespie, C Elizabeth Lightbody, Caroline L Watkins, Ho-Yan Y Chun, Sharon R Lewis
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of stroke patients experience clinically significant levels of anxiety at some point after stroke. Physicians can treat these patients with antidepressants or other anxiety-reducing drugs, or both, or they can provide psychological therapy. This review looks at available evidence for these interventions. This is an update of the review first published in October 2011. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of pharmaceutical, psychological, complementary, or alternative therapeutic interventions in treating stroke patients with anxiety disorders or symptoms...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492025/validation-studies-of-outcome-measures-in-pemphigus
#13
REVIEW
Sarah Hanna, Minhee Kim, Dedee F Murrell
Pemphigus is a group of rare and potentially fatal autoimmune blistering diseases that are associated with auto-antibodies that target intercellular adhesion molecules. Incidence of pemphigus varies among populations, with the lowest incidence in Switzerland and Finland at 0.6-0.76 per million per year and the highest in Jewish communities at 16.1-32 per million per year. Pemphigus is associated with devastating morbidity and despite advancements in our understanding of the disease and a widening array of therapeutic options, no cure exists...
December 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486366/changes-in-myomectomy-practice-after-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-safety-communication-on-power-morcellation
#14
Natalie C Stentz, Laura G Cooney, Mary Sammel, Divya K Shah
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the 2014 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) safety communication on power morcellation and surgical approach and morbidity after myomectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data were abstracted from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database on 3,160 myomectomies between April 2012 and December 2013 (pre-FDA) and 4,378 between April 2014 and December 2015 (post-FDA)...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471711/rising-prices-of-targeted-oral-anticancer-medications-and-associated-financial-burden-on-medicare-beneficiaries
#15
Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Ying Xu, Lei Liu, Fabrice Smieliauskas
Purpose The high cost of oncology drugs threatens the affordability of cancer care. Previous research identified drivers of price growth of targeted oral anticancer medications (TOAMs) in private insurance plans and projected the impact of closing the coverage gap in Medicare Part D in 2020. This study examined trends in TOAM prices and patient out-of-pocket (OOP) payments in Medicare Part D and estimated the actual effects on patient OOP payments of partial filling of the coverage gap by 2012. Methods Using SEER linked to Medicare Part D, 2007 to 2012, we identified patients who take TOAMs via National Drug Codes in Part D claims...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463757/impact-of-detection-bias-on-the-risk-of-gastrointestinal-cancer-and-its-subsites-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
R G P J de Jong, A M Burden, S de Kort, M P P van Herk-Sukel, P A J Vissers, P K C Janssen, H R Haak, A A M Masclee, F de Vries, M L G Janssen-Heijnen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may be a risk factor for gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, but variations in study designs of observational studies may have yielded biased results due to detection bias. Furthermore, differences in risk for GI cancer subsites have not been extensively evaluated. We aimed to determine the risk of GI cancer and its subsites in patients with T2DM and how it is affected by detection bias. METHODS: A matched cohort study was performed using the NCR-PHARMO database...
April 29, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456089/the-30-year-experience-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-and-high-quality-non-randomised-studies-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy%C3%A2-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Jacopo Desiderio, Joseph Chao, Laleh Melstrom, Susanne Warner, Federico Tozzi, Yuman Fong, Amilcare Parisi, Yanghee Woo
IMPORTANCE: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been used within various multimodality strategies for the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer peritoneal carcinomatosis. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the role of HIPEC in gastric cancer and clarify its effectiveness at different stages of peritoneal disease progression. DATA SOURCES: Medline and Embase databases between January 1, 1985 and June 1, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised control trials and high-quality non-randomised control trials selected on a validated tool (methodological index for non-randomised studies) comparing HIPEC and standard oncological management for the treatment of advanced stage gastric cancer with and without peritoneal carcinomatosis were considered...
July 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448783/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-medication-therapy-management-program-in-discontinuation-of-drugs-to-avoid-in-the-elderly
#18
Nicole Caffiero, Thomas Delate, Mercy D Ehizuelen, Kris Vogel
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of fall risk associated with some drugs to avoid in the elderly (DAEs), many aged patients continue to receive them. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist medication therapy management program (MTM) on discontinuation of prescribed DAEs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an integrated health care delivery system. Kaiser Permanente Colorado beneficiaries aged ≥65 years who were MTM-eligible and targeted for a DAE dispensing between 01/01/2015 and 09/30/2015 were included in the observation group...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416498/deprescribing-anticholinergic-and-sedative-medicines-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-defeat-polypharmacy-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#19
Nagham Ailabouni, Dee Mangin, Prasad S Nishtala
INTRODUCTION: Targeted deprescribing of anticholinergic and sedative medicines can lead to positive health outcomes in older people; as they have been associated with cognitive and physical functioning decline. This study will examine whether the proposed intervention is feasible at reducing the prescription of anticholinergic and sedative medicines in older people. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional trials (SPIRIT checklist) was used to develop and report the protocol...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399914/healthcare-burden-of-pulmonary-hypertension-owing-to-lung-disease-and-or-hypoxia
#20
Gustavo A Heresi, David M Platt, Wenyi Wang, Christine H Divers, Vijay N Joish, Simon A Teal, Justin S Yu
BACKGROUND: Group 3 pulmonary hypertension (PH) encompasses PH owing to lung diseases and/or hypoxia. Treatment patterns, healthcare resource use, and economic burden to US payers of Group 3 PH patients were assessed. METHODS: This retrospective observational study extracted data from July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2013 from two Truven Health Analytics MarketScan databases. Adult Group 3 PH patients were identified based on claims for PH (ICD-9-CM 416.0/416.8), a related lung disease, and an echocardiogram or right heart catheterization (RHC)...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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