keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Drug burden index

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909739/quantification-of-anticholinergic-and-sedative-drug-load-with-the-drug-burden-index-a-review-of-outcomes-and-methodological-quality-of-studies
#1
REVIEW
Hans Wouters, Helene van der Meer, Katja Taxis
PURPOSE: The Drug Burden Index (DBI) is a non-invasive method to quantify patients' anticholinergic and sedative drug burden from their prescriptions. This systematic review aimed to summarise the evidence on the associations between the DBI and clinical outcomes and methodological quality of studies. METHODS: A search in PubMed and Embase (search terms: 'drug', 'burden', and 'index') was performed and experts were contacted. We excluded publications that did not report empirical results or clinical outcomes...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904656/the-berlin-treatment-algorithm-recommendations-for-tailored-innovative-therapeutic-strategies-for-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue
#2
REVIEW
Christian Veauthier, Helge Hasselmann, Stefan M Gold, Friedemann Paul
More than 80% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients suffer from fatigue. Despite this, there are few therapeutic options and evidence-based pharmacological treatments are lacking. The associated societal burden is substantial (MS fatigue is a major reason for part-time employment or early retirement), and at least one out of four MS patients view fatigue as the most burdensome symptom of their disease. The mechanisms underlying MS-related fatigue are poorly understood, and objective criteria for distinguishing and evaluating levels of fatigue and tiredness have not yet been developed...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#3
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899145/bibliometric-analysis-of-publications-on-campylobacter-2000-2015
#4
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter species are widespread zoonotic pathogens. Campylobacter jejuni causes a form of gastroenteritis called campylobacteriosis. Campylobacter drug resistance is considered a serious threat. In order to better understand national and international research output on Campylobacter, we conducted this bibliometric overview of publications on Campylobacter. This study can be used to assess extent of interaction and response of researchers, food regulators, and health policy makers to global burden of campylobacateriosis...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890573/pegylated-oleic-acid-a-promising-amphiphilic-polymer-for-nano-antibiotic-delivery
#5
Calvin A Omolo, Rahul S Kalhapure, Mahantesh Jadhav, Sanjeev Rambharose, Chunderika Mocktar, Valence M K Ndesendo, Thirumala Govender
Vancomycin (VM), a last resort to control methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections, is on the verge of becoming ineffective. Novel nano delivery systems of VM have the potential to combat MRSA. The search for novel materials for nanoantibiotic development is therefore an active research area. In this study, oleic acid (OA) was coupled with monomethoxy polyethylene glycol (mPEG) to obtain a novel bio-safe amphiphilic polymer, mPEG-OA. The critical micelle concentration of mPEG-OA, was found to be 4...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874885/patient-reported-outcomes-of-azelaic-acid-foam-15-for-patients-with-papulopustular-rosacea-secondary-efficacy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-phase-3-trial
#6
Stephen Tyring, James A Solomon, Gerald Staedtler, Jason P Lott, Richard Nkulikiyinka, Kaweh Shakery
Patient-reported treatment outcomes are important for evaluating the impact of drug therapies on patient experience. A randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter, phase 3 study was conducted in 961 participants to assess patient perception of efficacy, utility, and effect on quality of life (QOL) of an azelaic acid (AzA) 15% foam formulation for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea (PPR). Secondary end points included patient-reported global assessment of treatment response, global assessment of tolerability, and opinion on cosmetic acceptability and practicability of product use...
October 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870870/epidemiologic-correlates-of-mortality-among-symptomatic-visceral-leishmaniasis-cases-findings-from-situation-assessment-in-high-endemic-foci-in-india
#7
Aritra Das, Morchan Karthick, Shweta Dwivedi, Indranath Banerjee, Tanmay Mahapatra, Sridhar Srikantiah, Indrajit Chaudhuri
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is highly prevalent in the Indian state of Bihar and, without proper diagnosis and treatment, is associated with high fatality. However, lack of efficient reporting mechanism had been an impediment in estimating the burden of mortality and its antecedents among symptomatic VL cases. The objectives of the current study were to generate a reliable estimate of symptomatic VL caseload and mortality in Bihar, as well as to identify the epidemiologic and health infrastructure-related predictors of VL mortality...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857821/carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-predictors-of-plaque-occurrence-and-progression-over-24-weeks
#8
Janet E Pope, Tatiana Nevskaya, Lillian Barra, Grace Parraga
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the prevalence and progression of subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Carotid arteries of RA patients were scanned using 3D ultrasound at baseline and 24 weeks for total plaque area, vessel wall volume, and intima-media thickness (IMT), as well as arterial stiffness measured using pulse wave velocity. Variables related to inflammation, lipids and cardiovascular (CV) risk were assessed for associations with plaque progression...
2016: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856732/trypanosoma-brucei-metabolite-indolepyruvate-decreases-hif-1%C3%AE-and-glycolysis-in-macrophages-as-a-mechanism-of-innate-immune-evasion
#9
Anne F McGettrick, Sarah E Corcoran, Paul J G Barry, Jennifer McFarland, Cécile Crès, Anne M Curtis, Edward Franklin, Sinéad C Corr, K Hun Mok, Eoin P Cummins, Cormac T Taylor, Luke A J O'Neill, Derek P Nolan
The parasite Trypanasoma brucei causes African trypanosomiasis, known as sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in domestic animals. These diseases are a major burden in the 36 sub-Saharan African countries where the tsetse fly vector is endemic. Untreated trypanosomiasis is fatal and the current treatments are stage-dependent and can be problematic during the meningoencephalitic stage, where no new therapies have been developed in recent years and the current drugs have a low therapeutic index. There is a need for more effective treatments and a better understanding of how these parasites evade the host immune response will help in this regard...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817758/a-comprehensive-study-of-costs-associated-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#10
Rodrigo Rodrigues, Grant E Barber, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan
BACKGROUND Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common healthcare-associated infection and is associated with considerable morbidity. Recurrent CDI is a key contributing factor to this morbidity. Despite an estimated 83,000 recurrences annually in the United States, there are few accurate estimates of costs associated with recurrent CDI. OBJECTIVE We performed this study (1) to identify the health consequences of recurrent CDI including need for repeat hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and surgery; (2) to determine costs associated with recurrent CDI and identify determinants of such costs; and (3) to compare the outcomes and costs of recurrent CDI to those who develop reinfection...
November 7, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787771/patterns-of-drug-use-and-serum-sodium-concentrations-in-older-hospitalized-patients-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#11
Richard J Woodman, Karen M Wood, Aline Kunnel, Maneesha Dedigama, Matthew A Pegoli, Roy L Soiza, Arduino A Mangoni
BACKGROUND: Several drugs may lower serum sodium concentrations (NaC) in older patients. However, distinguishing their individual effects is particularly difficult in this population because of the high prevalence of polypharmacy and disease states that are per se associated with hyponatremia. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to identify specific patterns of medication use in older hospitalized patients and determine whether these patterns were associated with serum NaC...
December 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785099/economic-burden-related-to-chemotherapy-related-adverse-events-in-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-an-integrated-health-care-system
#12
Nazia Rashid, Han A Koh, Hilda C Baca, Kathy J Lin, Susan E Malecha, Anthony Masaquel
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is treated with many different modalities, including chemotherapy that can be given as a single agent or in combination. Patients often experience adverse events from chemotherapy during the cycles of treatment which can lead to economic burden. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate costs related to chemotherapy-related adverse events in patients with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) in an integrated health care delivery system...
2016: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763767/drug-burden-index-and-change-in-cognition-over-time-in-community-dwelling-older-men-the-champ-study
#13
Kris M Jamsen, Danijela Gnjidic, Sarah N Hilmer, Jenni Ilomäki, David G Le Couteur, Fiona M Blyth, David J Handelsman, Vasi Naganathan, Louise M Waite, Robert G Cumming, J Simon Bell
OBJECTIVE: Anticholinergic and sedative medications are associated with acute cognitive impairment but the long-term impact on change in cognition is unclear. This study investigated the effect of anticholinergic and sedative medications, quantified using the Drug Burden Index (DBI), on change in cognition over time in community-dwelling older men. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of men aged ≥70 years in Sydney, Australia. DBI was assessed at baseline, two and five years...
October 20, 2016: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757268/in-vitro-antileishmanial-and-antimalarial-activity-of-selected-plants-of-nepal
#14
Bishnu Joshi, Sarah Hendrickx, Lila Bahadur Magar, Niranjan Parajuli, Pierre Dorny, Louis Maes
BACKGROUND: Nepal is very rich in biodiversity, and no extensive effort has yet been carried out to screen plants that are used by traditional healers against parasitic diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activity of crude methanolic or ethanolic extracts of 29 plant species that are currently used by local people of Nepal for treating different ailments. METHODS: Crude extracts of leaves, twigs, aerial parts, and/or roots of the selected plants were evaluated for in vitro inhibitory activity against intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania infantum and against erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium falciparum...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752344/medical-comorbidity-and-projected-survival-in-patients-admitted-to-a-specialist-addictions-in-patient-unit
#15
Daniel V Mogford, Rebecca J Lawrence
Aims and method To investigate the burden of medical comorbidity in a population receiving in-patient treatment for drug and alcohol problems. All patients admitted over a 6-month period were included in the data-set. We recorded diagnostic information on admission that allowed the calculation of predicted 10-year survival using a previously validated comorbidity index. Results Despite the majority of the sample having a predicted 10-year survival chance of greater than 75%, a sizeable minority (16.7%) are carrying a high burden of medical comorbidity, with a predicted 10-year survival chance of less than 50%...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747521/the-burden-of-rheumatic-diseases-an-analysis-of-an-italian-administrative-database
#16
Sergio Iannazzo, Gianluca Furneri, Federica Demma, Chiara Distante, Simone Parisi, Veronica Berti, Enrico Fusaro
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases (RDs) trigger high costs for healthcare systems and society due to the disability and comorbidity associated with these disease entities. The aim of this study was to analyze patients with RD, assess the use of conventional synthetic and biologic therapies, and estimate the overall cost of treatment in Italy. METHODS: Administrative healthcare claims from the Piedmont region in Northwest Italy were reviewed to identify patients who received disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) between 2007 and 2010...
June 2016: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743843/limitations-of-the-anticholinergic-activity-assay-and-assay-based-anticholinergic-drug-scales
#17
Tanja Mayer, Jürgen Kopitz, Konstanze Plaschke, Johanna Weiss, Hanna M Seidling, Walter E Haefeli
OBJECTIVE: The anticholinergic activity (AA) assay is a common method to determine a patient's anticholinergic load. Several limitations, however, are expected when applying the AA assay to patients or using drug scales to estimate anticholinergic burden based on AA levels. This study aims to demonstrate common pitfalls in an experimental setting and outline their clinical consequences. METHODS: The AA was analyzed for five drugs with reported interaction with muscarinic receptors...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733284/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-79-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 provides an up-to-date synthesis of the evidence for risk factor exposure and the attributable burden of disease. By providing national and subnational assessments spanning the past 25 years, this study can inform debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733283/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-315-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We aimed to provide updated HALE and DALYs for geographies worldwide and evaluate how disease burden changes with development...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733281/global-regional-and-national-life-expectancy-all-cause-mortality-and-cause-specific-mortality-for-249-causes-of-death-1980-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#20
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These results informed an in-depth investigation of observed and expected mortality patterns based on sociodemographic measures. METHODS: We estimated all-cause mortality by age, sex, geography, and year using an improved analytical approach originally developed for GBD 2013 and GBD 2010...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
keyword
keyword
46489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"