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Z-DNA binding protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343810/mitochondrial-dna-damage-and-subsequent-activation-of-z-dna-binding-protein-1-links-oxidative-stress-to-inflammation-in-epithelial-cells
#1
Bartosz Szczesny, Michela Marcatti, Akbar Ahmad, Mauro Montalbano, Attila Brunyánszki, Sofia-Iris Bibli, Andreas Papapetropoulos, Csaba Szabo
This report identifies mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) as a target and active mediator that links low-level oxidative stress to inflammatory response in pulmonary epithelial cells. Extrusion of mtDNA into the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid occurs as an early event in mice subjected to cigarette smoke injury, concomitantly with the depletion of mtDNA in the lung tissue. In cultured lung epithelial cells, prolonged, low-level oxidative stress damages the mtDNA, without any detectable damage to the nuclear DNA. In turn, cellular depletion of the mtDNA occurs, together with a transient remodeling of cellular bioenergetics and morphology - all without any detectable impairment in overall cell viability...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339104/region-specific-innate-antiviral-responses-of-the-human-epididymis
#2
James A Browne, Shih Hsing Leir, Scott Eggener, Ann Harris
Viral infections of the epididymis are associated with epididymitis, which damages the epithelium and impairs fertility. We showed previously that innate immune response genes were differentially expressed in the corpus and cauda region of the human epididymis in comparison to the caput. Here we investigate the antiviral defense response mechanisms of human epididymis epithelial (HEE) cells. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3 and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) are enriched in HEE cells from the corpus and cauda region...
January 12, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321274/irf1-is-a-transcriptional-regulator-of-zbp1-promoting-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-cell-death-during-influenza-virus-infection
#3
Teneema Kuriakose, Min Zheng, Geoffrey Neale, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Innate immune sensing of influenza A virus (IAV) induces activation of various immune effector mechanisms, including the nucleotide and oligomerization domain, leucine-rich repeat-containing protein family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and programmed cell death pathways. Although type I IFNs are identified as key mediators of inflammatory and cell death responses during IAV infection, the involvement of various IFN-regulated effectors in facilitating these responses are less studied. In this study, we demonstrate the role of IFN regulatory factor (IRF)1 in promoting NLRP3 inflammasome activation and cell death during IAV infection...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275190/molecular-characterization-of-genomic-dna-in-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-strains-isolated-from-serious-mycoplasma-pneumonia-cases-in-2016-yunnan-china
#4
Lijuan Qiu, Lin Wang, Li Tan, Ming Li, Chengqing Wu, Li Li, Zhen Zhang, Hongchao Jiang, Qiangming Sun, Tiesong Zhang
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is particularly prevalent in low-immunity school-age children. Few data have been reported on MP prevalence in Yunnan, China. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence and characterize genomic DNA of MP in a small outbreak in 2016, Southwest China. RepMP4 and RepMP2/3 genes of MP positive samples were amplified for molecular typing through sequence alignment and PCR-RFLP assay. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by MEGA5.0. The results showed that two distinct P1 types (type I and type II) were prevalent in this MP outbreak...
December 22, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274956/epigenetic-mechanisms-contribute-to-decrease-stearoyl-coa-desaturase-1-expression-in-the-liver-of-dairy-cows-after-prolonged-feeding-of-high-concentrate-diet
#5
T L Xu, H M Seyfert, X Z Shen
Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) of dairy cattle is a widely occurring but not very overt metabolic disorder thought to impair milk composition. The enzyme stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) is rate-limiting for the formation of Δ-9 unsaturated fatty acids and thus crucially involved in controlling lipid metabolism in the liver. It is known that SCD1 expression is downregulated during SARA, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. To study these mechanisms, we enrolled 12 healthy multiparous mid-lactation Holstein cows into a diet-induced SARA experiment...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236673/zbp1-innate-sensor-regulating-cell-death-and-inflammation
#6
REVIEW
Teneema Kuriakose, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Z-DNA-binding protein 1 (ZBP1), initially reported as an interferon (IFN)-inducible tumor-associated protein, harbors nucleic acid-binding domains for left-handed helix (Z-form) and receptor-interacting protein homotypic interaction motif (RHIM) domains for protein homotypic interactions. Recent studies have identified ZBP1 as an innate sensor of viral infections and a target of viral evasion strategies, regulating cell death, inflammasome activation, and proinflammatory responses. ZBP1 also functions during development and can trigger perinatal lethality when its RHIM-dependent interactions are not restricted...
November 24, 2017: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158628/identification-and-expression-profiling-analysis-of-tcp-family-genes-involved-in-growth-and-development-in-maize
#7
Wenbo Chai, Pengfei Jiang, Guoyu Huang, Haiyang Jiang, Xiaoyu Li
The TCP family is a group of plant-specific transcription factors. TCP genes encode proteins harboring bHLH structure, which is implicated in DNA binding and protein-protein interactions and known as the TCP domain. TCP genes play important roles in plant development and have been evolutionarily and functionally elaborated in various plants, however, no overall phylogenetic analysis or expression profiling of TCP genes in Zea mays has been reported. In the present study, a systematic analysis of molecular evolution and functional prediction of TCP family genes in maize (Z...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145618/the-histone-variant-h2a-z-promotes-initiation-of-meiotic-recombination-in-fission-yeast
#8
Shintaro Yamada, Kazuto Kugou, Da-Qiao Ding, Yurika Fujita, Yasushi Hiraoka, Hiroshi Murakami, Kunihiro Ohta, Takatomi Yamada
Meiotic recombination is initiated by programmed formation of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), which are mainly formed at recombination hotspots. Meiotic DSBs require multiple proteins including the conserved protein Spo11 and its cofactors, and are influenced by chromatin structure. For example, local chromatin around hotspots directly impacts DSB formation. Moreover, DSB is proposed to occur in a higher-order chromatin architecture termed 'axis-loop', in which many loops protrude from cohesin-enriched axis...
November 14, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073079/inhibition-of-dai-dependent-necroptosis-by-the-z-dna-binding-domain-of-the-vaccinia-virus-innate-immune-evasion-protein-e3
#9
Heather Koehler, Samantha Cotsmire, Jeffrey Langland, Karen V Kibler, Daniel Kalman, Jason W Upton, Edward S Mocarski, Bertram L Jacobs
Vaccinia virus (VACV) encodes an innate immune evasion protein, E3, which contains an N-terminal Z-nucleic acid binding (Zα) domain that is critical for pathogenicity in mice. Here we demonstrate that the N terminus of E3 is necessary to inhibit an IFN-primed virus-induced necroptosis. VACV deleted of the Zα domain of E3 (VACV-E3LΔ83N) induced rapid RIPK3-dependent cell death in IFN-treated L929 cells. Cell death was inhibited by the RIPK3 inhibitor, GSK872, and infection with this mutant virus led to phosphorylation and aggregation of MLKL, the executioner of necroptosis...
October 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058709/molecular-analysis-of-prc2-recruitment-to-dna-in-chromatin-and-its-inhibition-by-rna
#10
Xueyin Wang, Richard D Paucek, Anne R Gooding, Zachary Z Brown, Eva J Ge, Tom W Muir, Thomas R Cech
Many studies have revealed pathways of epigenetic gene silencing by Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) in vivo, but understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms requires biochemistry. Here we analyze interactions of reconstituted human PRC2 with nucleosome complexes. Histone modifications, the H3K27M cancer mutation, and inclusion of JARID2 or EZH1 in the PRC2 complex have unexpectedly minor effects on PRC2-nucleosome binding. Instead, protein-free linker DNA dominates the PRC2-nucleosome interaction...
October 23, 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058695/dna-methylation-signal-has-a-major-role-in-the-response-of-human-breast-cancer-cells-to-the-microenvironment
#11
P Mathot, M Grandin, G Devailly, F Souaze, V Cahais, S Moran, M Campone, Z Herceg, M Esteller, P Juin, P Mehlen, R Dante
Breast cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) have a crucial role in tumor initiation, metastasis and therapeutic resistance by secreting various growth factors, cytokines, protease and extracellular matrix components. Soluble factors secreted by CAFs are involved in many pathways including inflammation, metabolism, proliferation and epigenetic modulation, suggesting that CAF-dependent reprograming of cancer cells affects a large set of genes. This paracrine signaling has an important role in tumor progression, thus deciphering some of these processes could lead to relevant discoveries with subsequent clinical implications...
October 23, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017946/cloning-and-expression-of-malabar-grouper-epinephelus-malabaricus-adar1-gene-in-response-to-immune-stimulants-and-nervous-necrosis-virus
#12
Thirunavukkarasu Periyasamy, Joan Tang Xiao Joe, Ming-Wei Lu
ADARs are RNA editing catalysts that bind double-stranded RNA and convert adenosine to inosine, a process that can lead to destabilization of dsRNA structures and suppression of mRNA translation. In mammals, ADAR1 genes are involved in various cellular pathways, including interferon (IFN)-mediated response. However, the function of fish ADAR1 remains unclear. We report here the cloning of ADAR1 in Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus) (MgADAR1) and its response to various immune stimulants. The MgADAR1 cDNA is 5371-bp long, consisting of an open reading frame encoding a putative protein of 1381 amino acids, a 235-nt 5'-terminal untranslated region (UTR), and a 990-nt 3'-UTR...
October 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017567/impairment-of-igf2-gene-expression-in-prostate-cancer-is-triggered-by-epigenetic-dysregulation-of-igf2-dmr0-and-its-interaction-with-klf4
#13
Undraga Schagdarsurengin, Angela Lammert, Natalie Schunk, Diana Sheridan, Stefan Gattenloehner, Klaus Steger, Florian Wagenlehner, Temuujin Dansranjavin
BACKGROUND: Human cancer cells often exhibit impaired IGF2 expression and the underlying mechanisms are multifaceted and complex. Besides the well-known imprinting control region IGF2/H19-ICR, the involvement of a differentially methylated region in the promoter P0 of IGF2 gene (IGF2-DMR0) has been suggested. Here, we evaluate several mechanisms potentially leading to up- and/or down-regulation of IGF2 expression in prostate cancer and present a novel role of Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) as a transcriptional regulator of IGF2 binding in IGF2-DMR0...
October 10, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987236/associations-of-cord-blood-metabolites-with-perinatal-characteristics-newborn-anthropometry-and-cord-blood-hormones-in-project-viva
#14
Wei Perng, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Scott McCulloch, Leda Chatzi, Christos Mantzoros, Marie-France Hivert, Emily Oken
CONTEXT: Metabolomics has emerged as a powerful tool to characterize biomarkers and elucidate physiological processes underlying adverse health outcomes. Little is known of these relationships during gestation and infancy, which are critical period for development of metabolic disease risk. OBJECTIVES: To identify cord blood metabolite patterns associated with birth size; and to investigate relations of the birth size-associated metabolite patterns, and a branched chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolite pattern with a range of newborn and perinatal characteristics...
November 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986999/one-step-affinity-capture-and-precipitation-for-improved-purification-of-an-industrial-monoclonal-antibody-using-z-elp-functionalized-nanocages
#15
Andrew R Swartz, Xuankuo Xu, Steven J Traylor, Zheng J Li, Wilfred Chen
Protein A chromatography has been identified as a potential bottleneck in the monoclonal antibody production platform, leading to increased interest in non-chromatographic capture technologies. Affinity precipitation using environmentally responsive, Z-domain-elastin-like polypeptide (Z-ELP) fusion proteins has been shown to be a promising alternative. However, elevated temperature and salt concentrations necessary for precipitation resulted in decreased antibody monomer content and reduced purification capacity...
October 7, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960389/the-other-face-of-an-editor-adar1-functions-in-editing-independent-ways
#16
REVIEW
Konstantin Licht, Michael F Jantsch
The RNA editing enzyme ADAR1 seemingly has more functions besides RNA editing. Mouse models lacking ADAR1 and sensors of foreign RNA show that RNA editing by ADAR1 plays a crucial role in the innate immune response. Still, RNA editing alone cannot explain all observed phenotypes. Thus, additional roles for ADAR1 must exist. Binding of ADAR1 to RNA is independent of its RNA editing function. Thus, ADAR1 may compete with other RNA-binding proteins. A very recent manuscript elaborates on this and reports competition of ADAR1 with STAUFEN1, thereby modulating RNA-degradation...
September 28, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938067/a-single-chain-photoswitchable-crispr-cas9-architecture-for-light-inducible-gene-editing-and-transcription
#17
Xin X Zhou, Xinzhi Zou, Hokyung K Chung, Yuchen Gao, Yanxia Liu, Lei S Qi, Michael Z Lin
Optical control of CRISPR-Cas9-derived proteins would be useful for restricting gene editing or transcriptional regulation to desired times and places. Optical control of Cas9 functions has been achieved with photouncageable unnatural amino acids or by using light-induced protein interactions to reconstitute Cas9-mediated functions from two polypeptides. However, these methods have only been applied to one Cas9 species and have not been used for optical control of different perturbations at two genes. Here, we use photodissociable dimeric fluorescent protein domains to engineer single-chain photoswitchable Cas9 (ps-Cas9) proteins in which the DNA-binding cleft is occluded at baseline and opened upon illumination...
September 29, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925810/ube3a-mediated-regulation-of-imprinted-genes-and-epigenome-wide-marks-in-human-neurons
#18
S Jesse Lopez, Keith Dunaway, M Saharul Islam, Charles Mordaunt, Annie Vogel Ciernia, Makiko Meguro-Horike, Shin-Ichi Horike, David J Segal, Janine M LaSalle
The dysregulation of genes in neurodevelopmental disorders that lead to social and cognitive phenotypes is a complex, multilayered process involving both genetics and epigenetics. Parent-of-origin effects of deletion and duplication of the 15q11-q13 locus leading to Angelman, Prader-Willi, and Dup15q syndromes are due to imprinted genes, including UBE3A, which is maternally expressed exclusively in neurons. UBE3A encodes a ubiquitin E3 ligase protein with multiple downstream targets, including RING1B, which in turn monoubiquitinates histone variant H2A...
2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924040/a-b-z-junction-induced-by-an-a-a-mismatch-in-gac-repeats-in-the-gene-for-cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-promotes-binding-with-the-hz%C3%AE-adar1-protein
#19
Narendar Kolimi, Yogeeshwar Ajjugal, Thenmalarchelvi Rathinavelan
GAC repeat expansion from five to seven in the exonic region of the gene for cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) leads to pseudoachondroplasia, a skeletal abnormality. However, the molecular mechanism by which GAC expansions in the COMP gene lead to skeletal dysplasias is poorly understood. Here, we used MD simulations which indicate that an A...A mismatch in a d(GAC)6.d(GAC)6 duplex induces negative supercoiling, leading to a local B-to-Z DNA transition. This transition facilitates the binding of d(GAC)7...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867751/t-786c-variation-in-the-promoter-sequence-of-human-enos-gene-markedly-influences-its-expression-level
#20
Aliaa M Elakkad, Khaled Abou-Aisha, Sally I Hassanein, Mohamed Z Gad
This study investigated the role of the T-786C polymorphism (SNP) in the 5'-flanking sequence of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (eNOS) on its expression level in vascular endothelium with the ultimate goal of shedding more light on the mechanisms by which genetic variations of eNOS might affect the vascular level of nitric oxide (NO). Sequences in the 5'-flanking region of eNOS gene were PCR-amplified using genomic DNA templates isolated from blood samples collected from cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients...
2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
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