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Z-DNA binding protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634194/zbp1-dai-ubiquitination-and-sensing-of-influenza-vrnps-activate-programmed-cell-death
#1
Sannula Kesavardhana, Teneema Kuriakose, Clifford S Guy, Parimal Samir, R K Subbarao Malireddi, Ashutosh Mishra, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
Innate sensing of influenza virus infection induces activation of programmed cell death pathways. We have recently identified Z-DNA-binding protein 1 (ZBP1) as an innate sensor of influenza A virus (IAV). ZBP1-mediated IAV sensing is critical for triggering programmed cell death in the infected lungs. Surprisingly, little is known about the mechanisms regulating ZBP1 activation to induce programmed cell death. Here, we report that the sensing of IAV RNA by retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I) initiates ZBP1-mediated cell death via the RIG-I-MAVS-IFN-β signaling axis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616941/fluorescence-correlation-spectroscopy-study-of-the-complexation-of-dna-hybrids-igg-antibody-and-a-chimeric-protein-of-igg-binding-zz-domains-fused-with-a-carbohydrate-binding-module
#2
A M M Rosa, D M F Prazeres, P M R Paulo
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) was used to characterize the molecular interactions between the four components of a DNA recognition system. A fluorescent DNA probe was used to assess: (i) the hybridization with a complementary biotin-labeled target, (ii) the complexation of the resulting hybrid and an anti-biotin antibody, and (iii) the binding of the latter complex to a ZZ-CBM fusion protein that combines small synthetic IgG Fc-binding Z domains with a carbohydrate binding module (CBM). These binding interactions were monitored by exposing the fluorescent DNA probe to different amounts and combinations of the other molecules in solution...
June 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607035/murine-cytomegalovirus-ie3-dependent-transcription-is-required-for-dai-zbp1-mediated-necroptosis
#3
Haripriya Sridharan, Katherine B Ragan, Hongyan Guo, Ryan P Gilley, Vanessa J Landsteiner, William J Kaiser, Jason W Upton
DNA-dependent activator of interferon regulatory factors/Z-DNA binding protein 1 (DAI/ZBP1) is a crucial sensor of necroptotic cell death induced by murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) in its natural host. Here, we show that viral capsid transport to the nucleus and subsequent viral IE3-dependent early transcription are required for necroptosis. Necroptosis induction does not depend on input virion DNA or newly synthesized viral DNA A putative RNA-binding domain of DAI/ZBP1, Zα2, is required to sense virus and trigger necroptosis...
June 12, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602976/sting-signaling-in-tumorigenesis-and-cancer-therapy-a-friend-or-foe
#4
Liangmei He, Xiaomei Xiao, Xi Yang, Zixiang Zhang, Wu Longhuo, Zhiping Liu
Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) is a DNA sensor and an important cytoplasmic adaptor for other DNA sensors, such as Z-DNA binding protein 1 (DAI), DEAD-box helicase 41 (DDX41), and interferon-γ-inducible protein 16 (IFI16). The activation of STING signaling leads to the production of type I interferons and some other pro-inflammatory cytokines, and is critical for host defense against viral infection. Recent accumulating evidences suggest that STING is also involved in tumor development. However, the role of STING signaling in tumorigenesis is complicated, and a comprehensive review is still lacking...
June 7, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537240/-point-mutations-in-the-dna-binding-domain-of-p53-contribute-to-glioma-progression-and-poor-prognosis
#5
P P Sarma, D Dutta, Z Mirza, K Kr Saikia, B Kr Baishya
TP53 mutations play a significant role in glioma tumorigenesis. When located in in the DNA binding domain, these mutations can perturb p53 protein conformation and its function, often culminating in altered downstream signaling. Here we describe prevalent pattern of TP53 point mutations in a cohort of 40 glioma patients and show their relevance to gliomagenesis. Point mutations in exon 5-9 of TP53 gene were detected by DNA sequencing. Possible influence of identified mutations at the function of p53 was studied computationally and correlated with the survival...
March 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521037/clinical-significance-of-tdp-43-neuropathology-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#6
Matthew D Cykowski, Suzanne Z Powell, Leif E Peterson, Joan W Appel, Andreana L Rivera, Hidehiro Takei, Ellen Chang, Stanley H Appel
To determine the significance of TAR DNA binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43) pathology in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we examined the whole brains and spinal cords of 57 patients (35 men; 22 women; mean age 63.3 years; 15 patients with c9orf72-associated ALS [c9ALS]). TDP-43 pathologic burden was determined relative to symptom onset site, disease duration, progression rate, cognitive status, and c9ALS status. There was a trend for greater TDP-43 pathologic burden in cognitively impaired patients (p = 0...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505279/somatic-usp8-gene-mutations-are-a-common-cause-of-pediatric-cushing-disease
#7
Fabio R Faucz, Amit Tirosh, Christina Tatsi, Annabel Berthon, Laura C Hernández-Ramírez, Nikolaos Settas, Anna Angelousi, Ricardo Correa, Georgios Z Papadakis, Prashant Chittiboina, Martha Quezado, Nathan Pankratz, John Lane, Aggeliki Dimopoulos, James L Mills, Maya Lodish, Constantine A Stratakis
Context: Somatic mutations in the ubiquitin-specific protease 8 (USP8) gene have been recently identified as the most common genetic alteration in patients with Cushing disease (CD). However, the frequency of these mutations in the pediatric population has not been extensively assessed. Objective: We investigated the status of the USP8 gene at the somatic level in a cohort of pediatric patients with corticotroph adenomas. Design and Methods: The USP8 gene was fully sequenced in both germline and tumor DNA samples from 42 pediatric CD patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500529/bacterial-nucleoid-occlusion-multiple-mechanisms-for-preventing-chromosome-bisection-during-cell-division
#8
Maria A Schumacher
In most bacteria cell division is driven by the prokaryotic tubulin homolog, FtsZ, which forms the cytokinetic Z ring. Cell survival demands both the spatial and temporal accuracy of this process to ensure that equal progeny are produced with intact genomes. While mechanisms preventing septum formation at the cell poles have been known for decades, the means by which the bacterial nucleoid is spared from bisection during cell division, called nucleoid exclusion (NO), have only recently been deduced. The NO theory was originally posited decades ago based on the key observation that the cell division machinery appeared to be inhibited from forming near the bacterial nucleoid...
2017: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498367/initiation-and-execution-mechanisms-of-necroptosis-an-overview
#9
REVIEW
Sasker Grootjans, Tom Vanden Berghe, Peter Vandenabeele
Necroptosis is a form of regulated cell death, which is induced by ligand binding to TNF family death domain receptors, pattern recognizing receptors and virus sensors. The common feature of these receptor systems is the implication of proteins, which contain a receptor interaction protein kinase (RIPK) homology interaction motif (RHIM) mediating recruitment and activation of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), which ultimately activates the necroptosis executioner mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL)...
May 12, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481869/the-transcription-factor-gata3-is-required-for-homologous-recombination-repair-by-regulating-ctip-expression
#10
F Zhang, H Tang, Y Jiang, Z Mao
GATA3, a critical transcription factor involved in the development of the mammary gland, also plays important roles in mammary tumorigenesis by regulating transcription in coordination with two essential DNA repair factors, PARP1 and BRCA1. However, whether and how GATA3 participates in the process of DNA repair, which is often associated with tumorigenesis, has not been investigated. Here we demonstrate that GATA3 is required for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recominbation (HR)...
May 8, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475736/chd1-regulates-cell-fate-determination-by-activation-of-differentiation-induced-genes
#11
Simon J Baumgart, Zeynab Najafova, Tareq Hossan, Wanhua Xie, Sankari Nagarajan, Vijayalakshmi Kari, Nicholas Ditzel, Moustapha Kassem, Steven A Johnsen
The coordinated temporal and spatial activation of gene expression is essential for proper stem cell differentiation. The Chromodomain Helicase DNA-binding protein 1 (CHD1) is a chromatin remodeler closely associated with transcription and nucleosome turnover downstream of the transcriptional start site (TSS). In this study, we show that CHD1 is required for the induction of osteoblast-specific gene expression, extracellular-matrix mineralization and ectopic bone formation in vivo. Genome-wide occupancy analyses revealed increased CHD1 occupancy around the TSS of differentiation-activated genes...
May 5, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467211/hippocampal-sclerosis-in-older-patients-practical-examples-and-guidance-with-a-focus-on-cerebral-age-related-tdp-43-with-sclerosis
#12
Matthew D Cykowski, Suzanne Z Powell, Paul E Schulz, Hidehiro Takei, Andreana L Rivera, Robert E Jackson, Gustavo Roman, Gregory A Jicha, Peter T Nelson
CONTEXT: - Autopsy studies of the older population (≥65 years of age), and particularly of the "oldest-old" (≥85 years of age), have identified a significant proportion (∼20%) of cognitively impaired patients in which hippocampal sclerosis is the major substrate of an amnestic syndrome. Hippocampal sclerosis may also be comorbid with frontotemporal lobar degeneration, Alzheimer disease, and Lewy body disease. Until recently, the terms hippocampal sclerosis of aging or hippocampal sclerosis dementia were applied in this context...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436950/mre11-stability-is-regulated-by-ck2-dependent-interaction-with-r2tp-complex
#13
P von Morgen, K Burdova, T G Flower, N J O'Reilly, S J Boulton, S J Smerdon, L Macurek, Z Hořejší
The MRN (MRE11-RAD50-NBS1) complex is essential for repair of DNA double-strand breaks and stalled replication forks. Mutations of the MRN complex subunit MRE11 cause the hereditary cancer-susceptibility disease ataxia-telangiectasia-like disorder (ATLD). Here we show that MRE11 directly interacts with PIH1D1, a subunit of heat-shock protein 90 cochaperone R2TP complex, which is required for the assembly of large protein complexes, such as RNA polymerase II, small nucleolar ribonucleoproteins and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1...
April 24, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398495/a-histological-study-of-fulminant-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-related-to-human-cytomegalovirus-reactivation
#14
Sho Yoneda, Akihisa Imagawa, Kenji Fukui, Sae Uno, Junji Kozawa, Makoto Sakai, Toshiki Yumioka, Hiromi Iwahashi, Iichiro Shimomura
Context: Fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is thought to be partly caused by virus infection. Objective: This study investigated the mechanism of β cell destruction in fulminant T1DM after drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS). Methods: We determined the localization of viruses of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and the expression of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and viral receptors of Z DNA binding protein 1 (ZBP1) and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I), together with inflammatory cells by immunohistochemistry of pancreas from an autopsy fulminant T1DM patient with DIHS or seven subjects with normal glucose tolerance who underwent pancreatectomy...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368398/dna-binding-mechanism-of-the-hippo-pathway-transcription-factor-tead4
#15
Z Shi, F He, M Chen, L Hua, W Wang, S Jiao, Z Zhou
TEA domain (TEAD) family transcription factors are key regulators in development, tissue homeostasis and cancer progression. TEAD4 acts as a critical downstream effector of the evolutionarily conserved Hippo signaling pathway. The well-studied oncogenic protein YAP forms a complex with TEAD4 to regulate gene transcription; so does the tumor suppressor VGLL4. Although it is known that TEAD proteins can bind promoter regions of target genes through the TEA domain, the specific and detailed mechanism of DNA recognition by the TEA domain remains partially understood...
April 3, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346455/collective-helicity-switching-of-a-dna-coat-assembly
#16
Yongju Kim, Huichang Li, Ying He, Xi Chen, Xiaoteng Ma, Myongsoo Lee
Hierarchical assemblies of biomolecular subunits can carry out versatile tasks at the cellular level with remarkable spatial and temporal precision. As an example, the collective motion and mutual cooperation between complex protein machines mediate essential functions for life, such as replication, synthesis, degradation, repair and transport. Nucleic acid molecules are far less dynamic than proteins and need to bind to specific proteins to form hierarchical structures. The simplest example of these nucleic acid-based structures is provided by a rod-shaped tobacco mosaic virus, which consists of genetic material surrounded by coat proteins...
July 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345627/heterologous-protein-dna-interactions-lead-to-biased-allelic-expression-of-circadian-clock-genes-in-interspecific-hybrids
#17
Danny W-K Ng, Helen H Y Chen, Z Jeffrey Chen
Genomic interactions in allopolyploids create expression variation of homoeologous alleles through protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions. However, the molecular basis for this is largely unknown. Here we investigated the protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions among homoeologous transcription factors in the circadian-clock feedback loop, consisting of CCA1 HIKING EXPEDITION (CHE), CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED1 (CCA1), and TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION1 (TOC1), plus the interaction with a chromatin factor, HISTONE DEACETYLASE1 (HD1)...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286471/cytoplasmic-relocalization-of-tar-dna-binding-protein-43-is-not-sufficient-to-reproduce-cellular-pathologies-associated-with-als-in-vitro
#18
Heike J Wobst, Steven S Wesolowski, Jayashree Chadchankar, Louise Delsing, Steven Jacobsen, Jayanta Mukherjee, Tarek Z Deeb, John Dunlop, Nicholas J Brandon, Stephen J Moss
Mutations in the gene TARDBP, which encodes TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43), are a rare cause of familial forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). While the majority of mutations are found in the C-terminal glycine-rich domain, an alanine to valine amino acid change at position 90 (A90V) in the bipartite nuclear localization signal (NLS) of TDP-43 has been described. This sequence variant has previously been shown to cause cytoplasmic mislocalization of TDP-43 and decrease protein solubility, leading to the formation of insoluble aggregates...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249098/zapa-and-zapb-form-an-ftsz-independent-structure-at-midcell
#19
Jackson A Buss, Nick T Peters, Jie Xiao, Thomas G Bernhardt
Cell division in Escherichia coli begins with the polymerization of FtsZ into a ring-like structure, the Z-ring, at midcell. All other division proteins are thought to require the Z-ring for recruitment to the future division site. Here, it is reported that the Z-ring associated proteins ZapA and ZapB form FtsZ-independent structures at midcell. Upon Z-ring disruption by the FtsZ polymerization antagonist SulA, ZapA remained at midcell as a cloud-like accumulation. Using ZapA(N60Y), a variant defective for interaction with FtsZ, it was established that these ZapA structures form without a connection to the Z-ring...
May 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192407/ttf-1-nkx2-1-binds-to-ddb1-and-confers-replication-stress-resistance-to-lung-adenocarcinomas
#20
Z Liu, K Yanagisawa, S Griesing, M Iwai, K Kano, N Hotta, T Kajino, M Suzuki, T Takahashi
TTF-1, also known as NKX2-1, is a transcription factor that has indispensable roles in both lung development and physiology. We and others have reported that TTF-1 frequently exhibits high expression with increased copy number in lung adenocarcinomas, and also has a role as a lineage-survival oncogene through transcriptional activation of crucial target genes including ROR1 and LMO3. In the present study, we employed a global proteomic search for proteins that interact with TTF-1 in order to provide a more comprehensive picture of this still enigmatic lineage-survival oncogene...
February 13, 2017: Oncogene
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