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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816570/cardiovascular-pre-participation-screening-in-the-young-athlete-addressing-concerns
#1
Neha Raukar, Emily Arciero, Adam Noyes, Jonathan Drezner, Joseph Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811774/effects-of-supervised-structured-aerobic-exercise-training-program-on-fasting-blood-glucose-level-plasma-insulin-level-glycemic-control-and-insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Syed Shakil-Ur-Rehman, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gillani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program on fasting blood glucose level (FBGL), plasma insulin level (PIL), glycemic control (GC), and insulin resistance (IR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Riphah Rehabilitation and Research Centre (RRRC) was the clinical setting for this randomized controlled trial, located at Pakistan Railways General Hospital (PRGH), Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Study duration was 18 months from January 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807011/changes-in-proteinuria-and-the-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-in-people-with-diabetes-or-pre-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Anxin Wang, Yang Sun, Xiaoxue Liu, Zhaoping Su, Junjuan Li, Yanxia Luo, Shuohua Chen, Jianli Wang, Xia Li, Zhan Zhao, Huiping Zhu, Shouling Wu, Xiuhua Guo
BACKGROUND: The relationship between changes in proteinuria and myocardial infarction (MI) remains unclear in people with diabetes or pre-diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value and independent role of changes in proteinuria over a 2-year period in the incidence of MI in people with diabetes or pre-diabetes. METHODS: Based on the baseline and 2-year dipstick screening results from the Kailuan prospective cohort study, participants were divided into four categories: no proteinuria, remittent proteinuria, incident proteinuria, and persistent proteinuria...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803255/panel-of-serum-metabolites-discriminates-cancer-patients-and-healthy-participants-of-lung-cancer-screening-a-pilot-study
#4
Małgorzata Roś-Mazurczyk, Anna Wojakowska, Łukasz Marczak, Krzysztof Polański, Monika Pietrowska, Joanna Polanska, Rafał Dziadziuszko, Jacek Jassem, Witold Rzyman, Piotr Widlak
INTRODUCTION: Blood biomarkers may support early diagnosis of lung cancer by enabling pre-selection of candidates for computed tomography screening or discrimination between benign and malignant screening-detected nodules. We aimed to identify features of serum metabolome distinguishing individuals with early-detected lung cancer from healthy participants of the lung cancer screening program. METHODS: Blood samples were collected in the course of a low-dose computed tomography screening program performed in the Gdansk district (Northern Poland)...
August 12, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801422/-it-s-trying-to-manage-the-work-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-recruitment-processes-within-a-uk-multicentre-trial
#5
Zoë Christina Skea, Shaun Treweek, Katie Gillies
OBJECTIVES: To explore trial site staff's perceptions regarding barriers and facilitators to local recruitment. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews with a range of trial site staff from four trial sites in the UK. Interviews were analysed thematically to identify common themes across sites, barriers that could be addressed and facilitators that could be shared with other sites. PARTICIPANTS: 11 members of staff from four trial sites: clinical grant Co-applicant (n=1); Principal Investigators (n=3); Consultant Urologist (n=1); Research Nurses (n=5); Research Assistant (n=1)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801192/evaluating-findrisc-as-a-screening-tool-for-type-2-diabetes-among-overweight-adults-in-the-preview-nz-cohort
#6
Marta Paulino Silvestre, Yannan Jiang, Katya Volkova, Hannah Chisholm, Wonjoo Lee, Sally Diana Poppitt
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a high (≥12) Finnish diabetes risk (FINDRISC) score in identifying undiagnosed prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in an New Zealand population of overweight and obese individuals, across a variety of ethnic groups. METHODS: We estimated the efficacy of elevated FINDRISC scores in predicting prediabetes and T2D in 424 overweight adults with no prior diagnosis recruited for the PREVention of diabetes through lifestyle Interventions in Europe and Worldwide (PREVIEW) study...
August 8, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789718/cardiovascular-pre-participation-screening-in-young-athletes-recommendations-of-the-association-of-european-paediatric-cardiology
#7
Peter Fritsch, Robert Dalla Pozza, Doris Ehringer-Schetitska, Eero Jokinen, Vesna Herceg, Erzsebet Hidvegi, Renate Oberhoffer, Andreas Petropoulos
Sudden death in young competitive athletes can be avoided by implementation of pre-participation screening programmes. A screening programme should be performed only by trained physicians and should include the athlete's personal and family history, physical examination results, and the readings from a 12-lead-electrocardiogram. The athlete should undergo this screening programme every second year to detect progressive diseases. In addition, the programme should include detailed instructions to the athletes to pause training during infections in order to prevent sudden death due to myocarditis...
August 9, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#8
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772336/the-effect-of-clinical-pilates-on-functional-movement-in-recreational-runners
#9
Anna Laws, Sean Williams, Cassie Wilson
Biomechanical imbalances and inefficient functional movements are considered contributing factors to running-related injuries. Clinical Pilates uses a series of exercises focused on retraining normal movement patterns. This study investigated whether a 6-week course of Clinical Pilates improves functional movement and thereby, potentially, reduces the risk of running-related injuries associated with movement dysfunction. A modified functional movement screen was used to analyze the functional movement ability of forty runners...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771504/a-clinical-scoring-system-to-prioritise-investigation-for-tuberculosis-among-adults-attending-hiv-clinics-in-south-africa
#10
Yasmeen Hanifa, Katherine L Fielding, Violet N Chihota, Lungiswa Adonis, Salome Charalambous, Nicola Foster, Alan Karstaedt, Kerrigan McCarthy, Mark P Nicol, Nontobeko T Ndlovu, Edina Sinanovic, Faieza Sahid, Wendy Stevens, Anna Vassall, Gavin J Churchyard, Alison D Grant
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation for regular tuberculosis (TB) screening of HIV-positive individuals with Xpert MTB/RIF as the first diagnostic test has major resource implications. OBJECTIVE: To develop a diagnostic prediction model for TB, for symptomatic adults attending for routine HIV care, to prioritise TB investigation. DESIGN: Cohort study exploring a TB testing algorithm. SETTING: HIV clinics, South Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#11
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766965/map2-ihc-detection-a-marker-of-antigenicity-in-cns-tissues
#12
M R D'Andrea, R J Howanski, C F Saller
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is used to detect antibody-specific antigens in tissues; the results depend on the ability of the primary antibodies to bind to their antigens. Therefore, results depend on the quality of preservation of the specimen. Many investigators have overcome the deleterious effects of over-fixation on the binding of primary antibodies to specimen antigens using IHC, but if the specimen is under-fixed or fixation is delayed, false negative results could be obtained despite certified laboratory practices...
August 2, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764782/pre-and-post-testing-counseling-considerations-for-the-provision-of-expanded-carrier-screening-exploration-of-european-geneticists-views
#13
Sandra Janssens, Davit Chokoshvili, Danya F Vears, Anne De Paepe, Pascal Borry
BACKGROUND: Carrier screening is generally performed with the aim of identifying healthy couples at risk of having a child affected with a monogenic disorder to provide them with reproductive options. Expanded carrier screening (ECS), which provides the opportunity for multiple conditions to be screened in one test, offers a more cost-effective and comprehensive option than screening for single disorders. However, implementation of ECS at a population level would have implications for genetic counseling practice...
August 1, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764667/patterns-of-participation-over-four-rounds-of-annual-fecal-immunochemical-test-based-screening-for-colorectal-cancer-what-predicts-rescreening
#14
Joanne M Osborne, Carlene Wilson, Amy Duncan, Stephen R Cole, Ingrid Flight, Deborah Turnbull, Donna L Hughes, Graeme P Young
BACKGROUND: Participation at the recommended intervals is critical for screening to be effective in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence. This study describes patterns of screening participation over four rounds of fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) to identify whether demographic variables and prior screening satisfaction are significantly associated with patterns of re-participation. METHODS: Baseline surveys were mailed to 4000 South Australians randomly selected from the electoral-roll...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762366/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-exercise-induced-bronchospasm-among-rural-school-children-in-ilesa-nigeria
#15
Bankole Peter Kuti, Demilade Kehinde Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole, Lasisi Oluwafemi Mohammed, Busayo Gideon Ologun, Bolanle Idowu Oso
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) assessed using changes in peak expiratory flow rates (PEFRs) to free range exercise is a relatively cheap way of screening for asthma in resource-poor centres where children with asthma are often undiagnosed and poorly managed. This study sets out to determine the prevalence and factors associated with EIB among rural schoolchildren in Ilesa, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Children aged 8-16 years from two middle schools in rural Ilesa were selected by multistage sampling...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762360/screening-for-bacterial-vaginosis-before-intrauterine-device-insertion-at-a-family-planning-clinic-in-south-west-nigeria
#16
Opeyemi Rebecca Akinajo, Folasade A Bello, Oluwasomidoyin O Bello, Oladapo O Olayemi
AIM: This study determined the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) among clients before insertion of intrauterine device (IUD) and compared the incidence of complications between participants who were positive and negative for BV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an observational cohort study that was performed between May 2014 and September 2014. A total of 360 women were recruited and followed up for 1 month. High vaginal swabs were obtained from each participant pre-insertion of the IUD and 1 month post-insertion...
April 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760787/bridging-the-age-gap-in-breast-cancer-evaluation-of-decision-support-interventions-for-older-women-with-operable-breast-cancer-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Karen Collins, Malcolm Reed, Kate Lifford, Maria Burton, Adrian Edwards, Alistair Ring, Katherine Brain, Helena Harder, Thompson Robinson, Kwok Leung Cheung, Jenna Morgan, Riccardo Audisio, Susan Ward, Paul Richards, Charlene Martin, Tim Chater, Kirsty Pemberton, Anthony Nettleship, Christopher Murray, Stephen Walters, Oscar Bortolami, Fiona Armitage, Robert Leonard, Jacqui Gath, Deirdre Revell, Tracy Green, Lynda Wyld
INTRODUCTION: While breast cancer outcomes are improving steadily in younger women due to advances in screening and improved therapies, there has been little change in outcomes among the older age group. It is inevitable that comorbidities/frailty rates are higher, which may increase the risks of some breast cancer treatments such as surgery and chemotherapy, many older women are healthy and may benefit from their use. Adjusting treatment regimens appropriately for age/comorbidity/frailty is variable and largely non-evidence based, specifically with regard to rates of surgery for operable oestrogen receptor-positive disease and rates of chemotherapy for high-risk disease...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760383/association-between-concentrations-of-hemoglobin-determined-by-fecal-immunochemical-tests-and-long-term-development-of-advanced-colorectal-neoplasia
#18
Esmée J Grobbee, Eline H Schreuders, Bettina E Hansen, Marco J Bruno, Iris Lansdorp-Vogelaar, Manon C W Spaander, Ernst J Kuipers
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using quantitative fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) is rapidly gaining ground worldwide. FITs are invariably used in a dichotomous manner using pre-specified cut-off values. To optimize FIT-based screening programs, we investigated the association between fecal hemoglobin (fHb) concentrations below the FIT cut-off value and later development of colorectal advanced neoplasia. METHODS: We analyzed data collected from a population-based study of 9561 average-risk subjects (50-74 yrs old) in the Netherlands who were offered 4 rounds of FIT screening for CRC from November 2006 through December 2014...
July 28, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760178/psychosocial-predictors-of-hbv-screening-behavior-among-vietnamese-americans
#19
Minsun Lee, Lin Zhu, Min Qi Wang, Zhengyu Wei, Yin Tan, Minhhuyen T Nguyen, Olorunseun O Ogunwobi, Grace X Ma
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the influence of psychosocial factors on HBV screening. METHODS: Sample consisted of 1716 Vietnamese participants in our previous HBV intervention trial, recruited from 36 community-based organizations in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York City between 2009 and 2014. Using the Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory, we measured self-efficacy, knowledge, perceived barriers, perceived benefits, perceived severity, and risk susceptibility...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759107/low-glycaemic-index-diets-for-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
Christine Clar, Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Sarah Am Kelly, Louise Hartley, Nadine Flowers, Roberta Germanò, Gary Frost, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: The glycaemic index (GI) is a physiological measure of the ability of a carbohydrate to affect blood glucose. Interest is growing in this area for the clinical management of people at risk of, or with, established cardiovascular disease. There is a need to review the current evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in this area. This is an update of the original review published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of the dietary GI on total mortality, cardiovascular events, and cardiovascular risk factors (blood lipids, blood pressure) in healthy people or people who have established cardiovascular disease or related risk factors, using all eligible randomised controlled trials...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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