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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431292/cannabis-and-cue-induced-craving-in-cocaine-dependent-individuals-a-pilot-study
#1
K Giasson-Gariépy, S Potvin, M Ghabrash, J Bruneau, D Jutras-Aswad
BACKGROUND: Cannabis consumption is common among cocaine users; however, little is known about its effect on cocaine craving. The objective of this study was to assess whether cannabis co-use is associated with lower cue-induced cocaine craving in non-treatment-seeking cocaine-dependent individuals. METHODS: Data from twenty-eight cocaine-dependent men were analyzed in this pilot study. Cocaine-dependent subjects (n=12) were compared with cocaine-dependent subjects who also abused or were dependent on cannabis (n=16)...
March 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423227/a-national-survey-of-screening-and-management-of-hypogammaglobulinemia-in-canadian-transplantation-centers
#2
Samuel Bourassa-Blanchette, Greg Knoll, Jason Tay, Christopher Bredeson, Donald W Cameron, Juthaporn Cowan
BACKGROUND: Infection remains one of the most common transplant-related causes of death in patients undergoing transplantation. Secondary hypogammaglobulinemia (HGG) as a component of immune suppression and deficiency is associated with both solid organ (SOT) and hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Available data and clinical experience for the supplementation of immunoglobulin (Ig) in these patients is conflicting, and clinical equipoise accounts for non-uniform practice in the use of Ig treatment...
April 18, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421293/failure-and-revision-rates-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-treatment-with-the-use-of-a-standardized-treatment-algorithm-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#3
Jan Christoph Katthagen, Meret Huber, Svenja Grabowski, Alexander Ellwein, Gunnar Jensen, Helmut Lill
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate treatment failure and revision rates of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) treatment with a standardized treatment algorithm within the reality of a level-1 trauma center and to identify predictors of subsequent surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical database of a level-1 trauma center was screened for all primary treatments of PHFs between January 2009 and June 2012. Medical records and imaging were analyzed to identify the fracture morphology, pre-existing diseases, revision surgeries and treatment failures (conversion to another treatment)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#4
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#5
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415998/effectiveness-of-current-policing-related-mental-health-interventions-in-england-and-wales-and-crisis-intervention-teams-as-a-future-potential-model-a-systematic-review
#6
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Farhad Shokraneh
BACKGROUND: Experiencing mental ill health adds a layer of complexity for individuals in touch with the justice system and for those responsible for working in the justice service with these individuals, such as frontline police officers. In England and Wales, there are three commonly used but not necessarily commonly designed or operated, mental health interventions associated with policing, Liaison and Diversion, Street Triage and specialist staff embedded in Police Contact Control Rooms...
April 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406269/evaluating-the-feasibility-and-uptake-of-a-community-led-hiv-testing-and-multi-disease-health-campaign-in-rural-uganda
#7
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Multi-disease community health campaigns can be effective for population-wide HIV testing in a research setting (SEARCH: NCT01864603). We sought to evaluate feasibility and uptake of a community-led health campaign (CLHC) planned and implemented by village leaders and local clinic workers in Uganda. METHODS: Over five months in 2014, locally elected village leaders and Ministry of Health (MoH) clinic staff in a rural parish in Uganda planned a census followed by a CLHC, after training by two SEARCH trial consultants and by leaders from a neighbouring parish that had previously participated in a SEARCH health campaign...
March 29, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401426/high-rates-of-return-to-sports-activities-and-work-after-osteotomies-around-the-knee-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Hoorntje, Suzanne Witjes, P Paul F M Kuijer, Koen L M Koenraadt, Rutger C I van Geenen, Joost G Daams, Alan Getgood, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Knee osteotomies are proven treatment options, especially in younger patients with unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis, for certain cases of chronic knee instability, or as concomitant treatment for meniscal repair or transplantation surgery. Presumably, these patients wish to stay active. Data on whether these patients return to sport (RTS) activities and return to work (RTW) are scarce. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to systematically review (1) the extent to which patients can RTS and RTW after knee osteotomy and (2) the time to RTS and RTW...
April 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399474/exploring-knowledge-of-pre-eclampsia-and-views-on-a-potential-screening-test-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Amy C Wotherspoon, Ian S Young, David R McCance, Valerie A Holmes
OBJECTIVE: to explore knowledge of pre-eclampsia and opinions on potential screening tests for pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews of women planning a pregnancy, currently pregnant or post-partum with experience of pre-eclampsia. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: eleven women with type 1 diabetes were recruited from a pre-pregnancy planning clinic or antenatal clinic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the women, asking a series of open-ended questions about their current knowledge of pre-eclampsia and their views on screening for pre-eclampsia...
March 30, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399349/sexually-transmitted-infections-prevalence-knowledge-and-behaviours-among-professional-defence-forces-in-estonia-a-pilot-study
#10
David Parker, Kristi Rüütel
OBJECTIVES: Our study assessed sexually transmitted infections (STI) occurrence and risk behaviours from a sample of the defence forces of Estonia. Previous research on military personnel yields various results on the prevalence of STIs and high risk behaviours. The increasing recognition of high risk behaviours among military personnel is evident given increased programmes that focus on education of drug use and risky sexual behaviours. Many militaries conduct routine, periodic screening for diseases such as HIV and viral hepatitis at entry and pre-foreign deployment...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394732/impact-of-a-brief-addiction-medicine-training-experience-on-knowledge-self-assessment-among-medical-learners
#11
Jan Klimas, Keith Ahamad, Christoper Fairgrieve, Mark McLean, Annabel Mead, Seonaid Nolan, Evan Wood
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based approaches to the treatment of various substance use disorders is needed to tackle the existing epidemic of substance use and related harms. Most clinicians, however, lack knowledge and practical experience with these approaches. Given this deficit, the authors examined the impact of an inpatient elective in addiction medicine amongst medical trainees on addiction-related knowledge and medical management. METHODS: Trainees who completed an elective with a hospital-based Addiction Medicine Consult Team (AMCT) in Vancouver, Canada, from May 2015 to May 2016, completed a 9-item self-evaluation scale before and immediately after the elective...
February 21, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392934/evaluation-of-a-web-based-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-cancer-survivors-aged-50%C3%A2-years-and-younger
#12
S M Lynch, C T Stricker, J C Brown, J M Berardi, D Vaughn, S Domchek, S Filseth, A Branas, E Weiss-Trainor, K H Schmitz, D B Sarwer
PURPOSE: Half of adult cancer survivors under age 50 years are obese. Excess body weight is associated with cancer recurrence, and effective weight loss interventions for younger cancer survivors are needed. Commercially available, online weight loss programmes are readily accessible, but few have been studied in this population. This study employed a single-arm, pre-post intervention (baseline-6 month/baseline-12 month comparisons) to preliminarily explore feasibility, efficacy and safety of an online, commercially available weight loss programme in breast (n = 30) and testicular (n = 16) cancer survivors under age 50 years...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392040/the-effect-of-guided-reflection-on-heart-failure-self-care-maintenance-and-management-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Kristen A Sethares, Marilyn E Asselin
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of structured, guided reflection on patient descriptions of self-care maintenance and management. BACKGROUND: Inadequate HF self-care behaviors are linked to hospitalizations. Symptom monitoring and recognition are precursors to adequate HF self-care. Reflection on actions taken during HF exacerbations may lead to insights and future changes in HF self-care maintenance and management. METHODS: One-group mixed method pre-test/post-test design...
April 6, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391730/impact-of-different-educational-interventions-on-psychosocial-well-being-of-women-with-a-positive-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-and-normal-cervical-cytology-a-randomised-trial
#14
Siew Fei Ngu, Na Wei, Tracy T C Kwan, Mandy M Y Chu, Ka Yu Tse, Karen K L Chan, Hextan Y S Ngan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two educational interventions on the psychosocial well-being of Hong Kong Chinese women who have a positive high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) test and normal cervical cytology. METHODS: Participants were randomised into either leaflet group, in which a written HPV factsheet was provided; or counselling group, in which a didactic HPV presentation in person in addition to the factsheet was provided...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386958/amylase-in-drain-fluid-for-the-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-leak-in-post-pancreatic-resection
#15
REVIEW
Tsetsegdemberel Bat-Ulzii Davidson, Mohammad Yaghoobi, Brian R Davidson, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: The treatment of people with clinically significant postoperative pancreatic leaks is different from those without clinically significant pancreatic leaks. It is important to know the diagnostic accuracy of drain fluid amylase as a triage test for the detection of clinically significant pancreatic leaks, so that an informed decision can be made as to whether the patient with a suspected pancreatic leak needs further investigations and treatment. There is currently no systematic review of the diagnostic test accuracy of drain fluid amylase for the diagnosis of clinically relevant pancreatic leak...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375548/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#16
REVIEW
Lindsey Anderson, Tricia T Nguyen, Christian H Dall, Laura Burgess, Charlene Bridges, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is considered to be the gold standard treatment for selected patients with end-stage heart disease when medical therapy has been unable to halt progression of the underlying pathology. Evidence suggests that aerobic exercise training may be effective in reversing the pathophysiological consequences associated with cardiac denervation and prevent immunosuppression-induced adverse effects in heart transplant recipients. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of exercise-based rehabilitation on the mortality, hospital admissions, adverse events, exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, return to work and costs for people after heart transplantation...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374951/newborn-screening-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy-the-views-of-affected-families-and-adults
#17
Felicity K Boardman, Philip J Young, Frances E Griffiths
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is one of the leading genetic causes of infant death worldwide. However, due to a lack of treatments, SMA has historically fallen short of Wilson-Jungner criteria. While studies have explored the acceptability of expanded newborn screening to the general public, the views of affected families have been largely overlooked. This is in spite of the potential for direct impacts on them and their unique positioning to consider the value of early diagnosis. We have previously reported data on attitudes toward pre-conception and prenatal genetic screening for SMA among affected families (adults with SMA [n = 82] and family members [n = 255])...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368354/leptin-receptor-gene-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Lei Wu, Dali Sun
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have assessed the association between leptin receptor (LEPR) gene polymorphism and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Of the few epidemiological studies on this topic, the results are still controversial. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were screened for studies from their inception to 9 October 2016. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with the corresponding confidence intervals (CI) were used to measure the effect size for studies that reported the association under allelic, homozygous, and dominant models...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367180/effects-of-supervised-structured-aerobic-exercise-training-program-on-high-and-low-density-lipoprotein-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Syed Shakil-Ur-Rehman, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gillani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia are very common conditions among patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated with increased risk of coronary heart diseases. Physical activity and exercises along with medical management and dietary plan are common strategies to use for the management of deranged lipid profile in patients with T2DM. We aimed to determine the effects of supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program on high and low density lipoprotein in patients with T2DM...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366821/considerations-of-the-principles-of-resistance-training-in-exercise-studies-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Claire Minshull, Nigel Gleeson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the methodological quality of resistance training interventions for the management of knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: A search of the literature for studies published up to 10(th) August 2015 was performed on Medline (OVID platform), PubMed, EMBase and PEDRo databases. Search terms associated with 'osteoarthritis'; 'knee' and 'muscle resistance exercise' were used.. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included in the review if they were published in the English language and met the following criteria : 1) muscle resistance training was the primary intervention; 2) RCT design; 3) treatment arms included at least a muscle conditioning intervention and a non-exercise control group; 4) participants had osteoarthritis of the knee; ...
March 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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