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Chronic granulomatous disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794542/mycetoma-an-update
#1
REVIEW
Vineet Relhan, Khushbu Mahajan, Pooja Agarwal, Vijay Kumar Garg
Mycetoma is a localized chronic, suppurative, and deforming granulomatous infection seen in tropical and subtropical areas. It is a disorder of subcutaneous tissue, skin and bones, mainly of feet, characterized by a triad of localized swelling, underlying sinus tracts, and production of grains or granules. Etiological classification divides it into eumycetoma caused by fungus, and actinomycetoma caused by bacteria. Since the treatment of these two etiologies is entirely different, a definite diagnosis after histopathological and microbiological examination is mandatory, though difficult...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727298/nine-patients-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-having-selective-neck-dissection-for-severe-cervical-lymphadenitis
#2
Laura R Wingfield, Jack Liu, Michael Hu, David Bianchi, Kenneth Hauck, Brian Driscoll, John I Gallin, Harry L Malech, Steven M Holland, Carter Van Waes
Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a rare, inherited disorder due to an X-linked or autosomal genetic defect, in which patients experience a high rate of lymphadenitis. To date, no studies have examined the best treatment for severe lymphadenitis in this patient population. We present a nine CGD patient retrospective case series, examining surgical treatment of cervical lymphadenitis. Our evolving surgical strategy shows that an initially more aggressive surgical approach (selective neck dissection) can help prevent recurrent infection...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681028/osteomyelitis-and-lung-abscess-due-to-aspergillus-fumigatus-in-a-chronic-granulomatous-disease-patient
#3
S Mamishi, K Zomorodian, F Saadat, S Z Jalali, M Geramishoar
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex. This disorder results in recurrent life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections. Aspergillus species are the most common fungal infections in these patients. CASE REPORT: Herein, we present a case of fungal infection in a girl with CGD. We confirmed aspergillosis through the positive microscopic and macroscopic examinations, as well as radiology results...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650935/fulminant-sepsis-due-to-granulibacter-bethesdensis-in-a-4-year-old-boy-with-x-linked-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#4
Erick F Mayer, Philip Gialanella, Iona Munjal, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, Jasmeen Dara
Granulibacter bethesdensis is a Gram-negative bacillus described as a pathogen exclusively in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a phagocytic disorder that impairs the ability to clear catalase-producing organisms. Granulibacter usually causes chronic and recurrent lymphadenopathies. We report the fatal case of a 4-year-old boy with CGD, who presented with sepsis after a few days of abdominal pain and diarrhea.
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638981/use-of-systemic-glucocorticoids-and-the-risk-of-major-osteoporotic-fractures-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis
#5
O A Oshagbemi, J H M Driessen, A Pieffers, E F M Wouters, P Geusens, P Vestergaard, J van den Bergh, F M E Franssen, F de Vries
This study revealed the risk of major osteoporotic fracture in patients with sarcoidosis exposed to glucocorticoids. Current use of glucocorticoids was associated with a risk of fracture, with no difference between patients with and without sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis per se was not associated with an increased fracture risk. INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ, chronic inflammatory, granulomatous disorder that most frequently affects the lungs, lymph nodes, skin, eyes, and liver, but may occur in any organ, including the bones...
June 21, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611513/brain-changes-detected-by-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-spectroscopy-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Kun Lv, Yi-Hong Fan, Li Xu, Mao-Sheng Xu
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, non-specific granulomatous inflammatory disorder that commonly affects the small intestine and is a phenotype of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). CD is prone to relapse, and its incidence displays a persistent increase in developing countries. However, the pathogenesis of CD is poorly understood, with some studies emphasizing the link between CD and the intestinal microbiota. Specifically, studies point to the brain-gut-enteric microbiota axis as a key player in the occurrence and development of CD...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577521/seven-chronic-granulomatous-disease-cases-in-a-single-center-experience-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Şeyhan Kutluğ, Gülnar Şensoy, Asuman Birinci, Berkay Saraymen, Mustafa Yavuz Köker, Alişan YΙldΙran
BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a rare primary immunodeficiency caused by defects in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase enzyme system. This disease causes the disordered functioning of phagocytic cells. It is characterized by life-threatening and/or recurrent infections by bacteria and fungi. CGD has one X-linked recessive subtype (X-CGD) and four autosomal recessive subtypes (AR-CGD), and the differential diagnosis is important in such chronic inflammatory disorders...
June 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447322/successful-hepatectomy-for-hepatic-abscess-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-case-report
#8
Ryo Muranushi, Makoto Suzuki, Kenichiro Araki, Norio Kubo, Sayaka Otake, Yutaka Nishida, Takashi Ishige, Hirokazu Arakawa, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Ken Shirabe
BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a rare inherited disorder, is characterized by impaired ability of phagocytic cells to kill certain bacteria and fungi. Although liver abscess is a common manifestation of CGD, its optimal management in these patients is unknown. Here, we present a case of successful hepatectomy for hepatic abscess in a patient with CGD. CASE PRESENTATION: An adolescent patient with previously diagnosed CGD presented to the pediatrics department of our institution with fever...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442268/generalized-palisaded-neutrophilic-and-granulomatous-dermatitis-a-cutaneous-manifestation-of-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia-a-clinical-histopathological-and-molecular-study-of-three-cases
#9
Birgit Federmann, Irina Bonzheim, Amir S Yazdi, Janine Schmidt, Falko Fend, Gisela Metzler
Palisaded neutrophilic and granulomatous dermatitis (PNGD) is characterized by erythematous papules or plaques on trunk or limbs and is frequently associated with rheumatological, autoimmune or hematological malignancies. Histopathology shows interstitial granulomas composed of epitheloid histiocytes in the reticular dermis with surrounding foci of collagen degeneration and variable neutrophilic inflammation. We report three cases of generalized PNGD associated with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), a myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm, which may show a variety of cutaneous manifestations...
April 22, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404538/haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-primary-immunodeficiency-patients-in-the-black-sea-region-of-turkey
#10
Alişan Yıldıran, Mehmet Halil Çeliksoy, Stephan Borte, Şükrü Nail Güner, Murat Elli, Tunç Fışgın, Emel Özyürek, Recep Sancak, Gönül Oğur
OBJECTIVE: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a promising curative therapy for many combined primary immunodeficiencies and phagocytic disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed paediatric cases that were diagnosed with primary immunodeficiencies and scheduled for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. RESULTS: We identified 22 patients (median age, 6 months; age range, 1 month to 10 years) with various diagnoses who received haematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
April 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332028/infection-profile-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-23-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#11
Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Avinash Sharma, Jitendra K Shandilya, Madhubala Sharma, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Pallab Ray, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Osamu Ohara, Yu L Lau, Surjit Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited phagocytic disorder characterized by recurrent infections with usually catalase-positive organisms. Infections in CGD from developing countries are expected to be different from those in the Western countries. We report the profile of infections in children diagnosed with CGD from a tertiary care center in North India. METHODOLOGY: Case records of children diagnosed with CGD at Pediatric Immunodeficiency Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, from August 1993 to April 2016 (23 years) were analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329526/chronic-granulomatous-disease-as-a-risk-factor-for-cutaneous-lupus-in-childhood
#12
Sandrina Carvalho, Susana Machado, Rita Sampaio, Margarida Guedes, Júlia Vasconcelos, Diogo Semedo, Manuela Selores
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primaryimmunodeficiency disorder that affects the phagocyticcells of the innate immune system. It is characterizedby recurrent or persistent infections with granulomaformation. Lupus-like lesions have been reported incarriers of CGD and less frequently, in patients withCGD. Immunological study in these patients areusually negative. We describe the case of an 8-yearoldboy with CGD who developed chronic and acutecutaneous lupus erythematous with angular cheilitis,oral ulcers, Raynaud phenomenon, and positiveserologies for antinuclear, anticentromere, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326206/chronic-hepatitis-with-liver-granulomas-in-a-patient-with-granuloma-annulare-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Majid Alsahafi, Mohammed I AlJasser, Sunil Kalia, H M Yang, Alnoor Ramji
Granuloma annulare (GA) is a benign granulomatous skin disorder of unknown etiology. GA is rarely associated with liver diseases. We report a unique case of chronic hepatitis with liver granulomas in a patient with GA. Despite an extensive workup, no clear etiology for the hepatitis was found. Based on the possible immune pathophysiology of GA and the presence of liver granulomas, the patient was treated with prednisone and azathioprine which resulted in complete normalization of the liver enzymes and concurrent improvement of GA...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294378/cutaneous-crohn-s-disease-with-superimposed-psoriasis-a-unique-case-with-overlapping-histology
#14
Ben J Friedman, Bahar Dasgeb, Jason B Lee
Crohn's disease (CD) is an idiopathic, chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. We recently encountered a unique case in which a patient with longstanding CD presented with skin lesions with histopathologic features of both psoriasis and granulomatous inflammation suggestive of cutaneous CD. To our knowledge, this has not been described concomitantly in the same patient, in the same lesions. Review of the literature suggests that the intersection of these 2 histopathological reaction patterns may not be pure coincidence...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288231/-primary-immunodeficiencies-in-seriously-ill-children-report-of-3-clinical-cases
#15
Leticia Yáñez, Pamela Lama, Carolina Rivacoba, Juanita Zamorano, María Angélica Marinovic
Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) are congenital disorders secondary to an impaired immune response. Infections, autoimmune disorders, atopy, and lymphoproliferative syndromes are commonly associated with this disorder. OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss 3 infants diagnosed with PID. CLINICAL CASES: The cases are presented of three patients with PID diagnosed during their first admission to a Paediatric Intensive Critical Care Unit. The first patient, a 4-month-old infant affected by a severe pneumonia, and was diagnosed as a Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274361/pharmacologic-treatments-for-rosacea
#16
Alison M Layton
Rosacea represents a common and chronic inflammatory skin disorder. Clinical features include transient and permanent erythema, inflammatory papules and pustules, phymatous changes, and ocular signs and symptoms. Rosacea is generally classified into four subtypes and one variant. Subtype 1, erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, includes clinical features of flushing and persistent central facial erythema with or without telangiectasia. Subtype 2, papulopustular rosacea, is characterized by persistent central facial erythema with transient papules or pustules or both on the central face...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264583/crispr-mediated-knockout-of-cybb-in-nsg-mice-establishes-a-model-of-chronic-granulomatous-disease-for-human-stem-cell-gene-therapy-transplants
#17
Colin L Sweeney, Uimook Choi, Chengyu Liu, Sherry Koontz, Seung-Kwon Ha, Harry L Malech
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is characterized by defects in the production of microbicidal reactive oxygen species (ROS) by phagocytes. Testing of gene and cell therapies for the treatment of CGD in human hematopoietic cells requires preclinical transplant models. The use of the lymphocyte-deficient NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid) Il2rg(tm1Wjl/)SzJ (NSG) mouse strain for human hematopoietic cell xenografts to test CGD therapies is complicated by the presence of functional mouse granulocytes capable of producing ROS for subsequent bacterial and fungal killing...
July 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217469/clinicopathological-diagnosis-of-orofacial-granulomatosis
#18
Fatma Sule Afsar, Hatice Demirlendi Duran, Gungor Yilmaz, Murat Ermete
Orofacial granulomatosis is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by persistent or recurrent soft tissue swellings, oral ulceration, and other orofacial features in the absence of an identifiable granulomatous disease. We report a case of a 61-year-old woman with recurrent ulcerations and swellings in her oral mucosa. She was diagnosed as orofacial granulomatosis based upon clinicopathological correlation after exclusion of other granulomatous diseases and showed a favorable response to systemic corticosteroid treatment...
January 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210775/risk-of-fragility-fracture-among-patients-with-sarcoidosis-a-population-based-study-1976-2013
#19
P Ungprasert, C S Crowson, E L Matteson
Incidence of fragility fracture of a population-based cohort of 345 patients with sarcoidosis was compared with age and sex-matched comparators. The incidence of fragility fracture was higher among patients with sarcoidosis with hazard ratio (HR) of 2.18. INTRODUCTION: Several chronic inflammatory disorders increase the risk of fragility fracture. However, little is known about the risk of fragility fracture in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: This study was conducted using a previously identified population-based cohort of 345 patients with incident sarcoidosis from Olmsted County, Minnesota...
June 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196424/pyogenic-granuloma-in-the-jejunum-successfully-removed-by-single-balloon-enteroscopy
#20
Cristina Romero Mascarell, Juan Carlos García Pagán, Isis Karina Araujo, Josep Llach, Begoña González-Suárez
Pyogenic granuloma is a non-infectious and non-granulomatous lesion. Its location in the small bowel is very rare. We present a 46 year-old woman with a chronic liver disorder that had a severe chronic anemia with occult blood losses. Upper endoscopy and colonoscopy were normal. A small bowel capsule endoscopy showed a pyogenic granuloma in jejunum that was resected endoscopically with single balloon enteroscopy with no major complications. The patient recovered from anemia and six months latter capsule endoscopy did not show lesions...
February 15, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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