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Diane L Rosenbaum, Jocelyn E Remmert, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn
OBJECTIVES: Parenthood is a time marked by behaviors that may promote risk for weight gain, including decreased physical activity and increased unhealthy eating. Little is known about parents in the context of behavioral weight loss, such as whether they differ in weight losses, and related barriers, or behaviors. METHOD: We compared parents of children aged 18 and younger (n = 105) to other participants who did not have children, or whose children were in adulthood (n = 215) in a behavioral weight loss program to evaluate six-month weight losses, and weight loss barriers and behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Christopher Ebsch, Robert Rosenbaum
Understanding the relationship between external stimuli and the spiking activity of cortical populations is a central problem in neuroscience. Dense recurrent connectivity in local cortical circuits can lead to counterintuitive response properties, raising the question of whether there are simple arithmetical rules for relating circuits' connectivity structure to their response properties. One such arithmetic is provided by the mean field theory of balanced networks, which is derived in a limit where excitatory and inhibitory synaptic currents precisely balance on average...
March 15, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Teenu Sanjeevan, David A Rosenbaum, Elina Mainela-Arnold
Purpose: Specific language impairment (SLI) affects many children, but its symptomatology is still being characterized. An emerging view, which challenges the notion that SLI is specific to language, is that SLI may actually reflect a domain-general deficit in procedural learning. We explored an extension of this hypothesis that a core deficit in SLI involves a domain-general problem in planning. Method: We used a dowel-transport task to study the extent to which 13 children with SLI and 14 typically developing (TD) controls (ages over both groups between 8;10 [years;months] and 12;11) would adopt initially awkward grasps that ensured comfortable final grasps when reaching out to move a dowel from 1 position to another (the end-state comfort effect)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Rene Y Choi, Mark Asquith, James T Rosenbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intestinal microbiome is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). There are many shared clinical manifestations between IBD and spondyloarthritis (SpA), of which the most common are peripheral arthritis and uveitis. Clinical overlap along with similar genetics between these diseases suggests a possible shared pathogenetic mechanism, which might center on the intestinal microbiota. In this review, we discuss the available evidence that SpA is a microbiome-driven disease and indicate how SpA-associated uveitis could be tied to gut dysbiosis...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Gail M Rosenbaum, Vinod Venkatraman, Laurence Steinberg, Jason M Chein
Adolescents are known to take more risks than adults, which can be harmful to their health and well-being. However, despite age differences in real-world risk taking, laboratory risk-taking paradigms often do not evince these developmental patterns. Recent findings in the literature suggest that this inconsistency may be due in part to differences between how adolescents process information about risk when it is described (e.g., in a description-based classroom intervention) versus when it is experienced (e...
March 2018: Developmental Review: DR
A Mattina, D Rosenbaum, R Bittar, D Bonnefont-Rousselot, D Noto, M Averna, E Bruckert, P Giral
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2 ) plays a key role in atherosclerosis development. It is considered a marker of increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and plaque vulnerability. Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder characterized by elevated plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and a higher prevalence of early CVD. Our aim was to evaluate the differences in Lp-PLA2 activity in a population of hypercholesterolemic patients with and without definite FH...
February 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Mariana Terra, Marine Oberkampf, Catherine Fayolle, Pierre Rosenbaum, Camille Guillerey, Gilles Dadaglio, Claude Leclerc
A growing number of observations has suggested that plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) play a critical role in tumor biology. In patients, infiltration of tumors by pDC generally correlates with a poor prognosis, suggesting that pDC may play an important role in the host-tumor relationship. Here we analyze the influence of pDC in solid tumor development using two different tumor models: TC-1 and B16-OVA. Phenotypic and functional gene profiling analysis of tumor-associated pDC showed that the tumor microenvironment affected their activation status and ability to produce cytokines and chemokines...
March 9, 2018: Cancer Research
Sergey Motov, Reuben Strayer, Bryan Hayes, Mark Reiter, Steven Rosenbaum, Melanie Richman, Zachary Repanshek, Scott Taylor, Benjamin Friedman, Gary Vilke, Daniel Lasoff
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most common reasons patients present to the emergency department (ED). Emergency physicians should be aware of the numerous opioid and nonopioid alternatives available for the treatment of pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide expert consensus guidelines for the safe and effective treatment of acute pain in the ED. METHODS: Multiple independent literature searches using PubMed were performed regarding treatment of acute pain...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Erica C Camargo, Susie Y Huang, Amel Karaa, Matthew W Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Alexey Yu Mironov, Daniel M Silevitch, Thomas Proslier, Svetlana V Postolova, Maria V Burdastyh, Anton K Gutakovskii, Thomas F Rosenbaum, Valerii V Vinokur, Tatyana I Baturina
Three decades after the prediction of charge-vortex duality in the critical vicinity of the two-dimensional superconductor-insulator transition (SIT), one of the fundamental implications of this duality-the charge Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition that should occur on the insulating side of the SIT-has remained unobserved. The dual picture of the process points to the existence of a superinsulating state endowed with zero conductance at finite temperature. Here, we report the observation of the charge BKT transition on the insulating side of the SIT in 10 nm thick NbTiN films, identified by the BKT critical behavior of the temperature and magnetic field dependent resistance, and map out the magnetic-field dependence of the critical temperature of the charge BKT transition...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Joe Messana, Richard L Uhl, Mahmoud Aldyab, Andrew J Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: JBJS Reviews
Michelle Tinner, Paul Crovella, Paula F Rosenbaum
OBJECTIVES: Determine the relative impact of 11 building wellness features on preference and on the ability to deliver/receive quality care for two groups: patients and caregivers. BACKGROUND: The impact of building features that promote wellness is of increasing interest to the building owners, designers, and occupants. METHODS: This study performed a postoccupancy evaluation of two user groups at a healthcare facility with specific wellness features...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Trung Nguyen, Noel Cranswick, Jeremy Rosenbaum, Ben Gelbart, Shidan Tosif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Julia Margaret Lappin, Marlene Wijaya, Andrew Watkins, Rachel Morell, Scott Teasdale, Oscar Lederman, Simon Rosenbaum, Stephanie Dick, Philip Ward, Jackie Curtis
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively assess cardio-metabolic risk factors and their management in a large sample of outpatients treated with clozapine. METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study of all clozapine users attending specialized clozapine monitoring outpatient clinics in three public hospitals in Sydney, Australia were approached to participate over the one-year period 01/10/2015-30/09/2016. Cardio-metabolic risk factors including metabolic syndrome, risk for future development of diabetes, smoking, physical activity, nutrition, and prescribed medications were assessed at face-to-face interview and through medical record review...
February 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Marilyn Ballantyne, Peter L Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Maik Sliepen, Elsa Mauricio, Matthijs Lipperts, Bernd Grimm, Dieter Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis patients may become physically inactive due to pain and functional limitations. Whether physical activity exerts a protective or harmful effect depends on the frequency, intensity, time and type (F.I.T.T.). The F.I.T.T. dimensions should therefore be assessed during daily life, which so far has hardly been feasible. Furthermore, physical activity should be assessed within subgroups of patients, as they might experience different activity limitations. Therefore, this study aimed to objectively describe physical activity, by assessing the F...
February 23, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ashley R Smith, Gail M Rosenbaum, Morgan A Botdorf, Laurence Steinberg, Jason M Chein
Most adolescent risk taking occurs in the presence of peers. Prior research suggests that peers alter adolescents' decision making by increasing reward sensitivity and the engagement of regions involved in the processing of rewards, primarily the striatum. However, the potential influence of peers on the capacity for impulse control, and the associated recruitment of the brain's control circuitry, has not yet been adequately examined. In the current study, adolescents underwent functional neuroimaging while they completed interleaved rounds of risk-taking and response-inhibition tasks...
February 22, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Jonathan D Ho, Ali Al-Haseni, Michael T Rosenbaum, Lynne J Goldberg
Lichen nitidus typically presents as shiny pin-head sized papules on the trunk and extremities, often affecting children and young adults. In this prototypical form, it rarely presents a diagnostic challenge being characterized by distinctive clinical and histopathologic findings. We describe a rare variant of lichen nitidus, which we term "hyperkeratotic and hypertrophic lichen nitidus."
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Paul Ruff, Herbert Cubasch, Maureen Joffe, Evan Rosenbaum, Nivashni Murugan, Ming-Chih Tsai, Oluwatosin Ayeni, Katherine D Crew, Judith S Jacobson, Alfred I Neugut
Background: Neoadjuvant (primary) chemotherapy (NACT) is the standard of care for locally advanced breast cancer. It also allows for the short-term assessment of chemotherapy response; a pathological complete responses correspond to improved long-term breast cancer outcomes. In sub-Saharan Africa, many patients are diagnosed with large nonresectable tumors. We examined NACT use in breast cancer patients who visited public hospitals in Johannesburg, South Africa. Methods: We assessed demographic characteristics, tumor stage and grade, hormone receptor status, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status of female patients diagnosed with nonmetastatic invasive carcinoma of the breast at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2011...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
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