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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646785/higher-cardio-respiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-increased-mental-and-physical-quality-of-life-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-a-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Davy Vancampfort, Noemi Hagemann, Sabine Wyckaert, Simon Rosenbaum, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Michel Probst, Pascal Sienaert
The aim of this study was to investigate whether cardiorespiratory fitness among outpatients with bipolar disorder is associated with health related quality of life (HRQL) and explore differences versus healthy controls. Outpatients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls matched for age, sex and body mass index completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Positive-and-Negative-Affect-Schedule (PANAS), a maximal cardiorespiratory fitness test, and wore a Sensewear Armband to measure physical activity and sedentary behavior for eight days...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645230/implementation-in-action-how-australian-exercise-physiologists-approach-exercise-prescription-for-people-with-mental-illness
#2
Robert Stanton, Simon Rosenbaum, Oscar Lederman, Brenda Happell
BACKGROUND: Accredited Exercise Physiologists (AEPs) are trained to deliver exercise and physical activity interventions for people with chronic and complex health conditions including those with mental illness. However, their views on exercise for mental illness, their exercise prescription practices, and need for further training are unknown. AIMS: To examine the way in which Australian AEPs prescribe exercise for people with mental illness. METHODS: Eighty-one AEPs (33...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644159/investigation-of-the-rosenbaum-concussion-knowledge-and-attitudes-survey-in-collegiate-athletes
#3
Erin B Chapman, Alan Nasypany, Jim May, Timothy Henry, Chris Hummel, Hyung-Pil Jun
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the Rosenbaum Concussion Knowledge and Attitudes Survey (RoCKAS) is an appropriate outcome measure to assess knowledge and attitudes toward concussion in collegiate student-athletes as determined through validity and reliability testing. STUDY DESIGN: Convenience study. SETTING: The researcher recruited all athletic teams at a Division III National Collegiate Athletic Association institution...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637633/physical-activity-correlates-among-people-with-psychosis-data-from-47-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Fiona Gaughran, Kai G Kahl, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia engage in low levels of physical activity (PA). However, few large-scale studies have investigated the factors that may influence PA participation in individuals with psychosis and data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is especially scarce. Thus, we investigated PA correlates in a large sample of people with a psychosis diagnosis across 47 LMICs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Survey, restricting to those with a self-reported lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia/psychotic disorder, was analyzed...
June 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637230/perceived-stress-and-its-relationship-with-chronic-conditions-and-multimorbidity-among-229-293-community-dwelling-adults-in-44-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Philip B Ward, Nicola Veronese, André F Carvalho, Marco Solmi, James Mugisha, Simon Rosenbaum, Marc De Hert, Brendon Stubbs
This study assessed the association of chronic conditions and multimorbidity with perceived stress among community-dwelling adults in 44 low- and middle-income countries. Data were analyzed from the World Health Survey (2002-2004) including 229,293 adults. A perceived stress score [range 0 (lowest stress) -100 (highest stress)] was computed based on two questions from the Perceived Stress Scale. Eleven chronic conditions were assessed. Multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the associations...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625659/abnormal-semantic-knowledge-in-a-case-of-developmental-amnesia
#7
Anna Blumenthal, Devin Duke, Ben Bowles, Asaf Gilboa, R Shayna Rosenbaum, Stefan Köhler, Ken McRae
An important theory holds that semantic knowledge can develop independently of episodic memory. One strong source of evidence supporting this independence comes from the observation that individuals with early hippocampal damage leading to developmental amnesia generally perform normally on standard tests of semantic memory, despite their profound impairment in episodic memory. However, one aspect of semantic memory that has not been explored is conceptual structure. We built on the theoretically important distinction between intrinsic features of object concepts (e...
June 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622455/intestinal-metabolites-are-profoundly-altered-in-the-context-of-hla-b27-expression-and-functionally-modulate-disease-in-a-rat-model-of-spondyloarthropathy
#8
Mark Asquith, Sean Davin, Patrick Stauffer, Claire Michell, Cathleen Janowitz, Phoebe Lin, Joe Ensign-Lewis, Jason M Kinchen, Dennis R Koop, Jim Rosenbaum
Objective HLA-B27 associated spondyloarthropathies are associated with an altered intestinal microbiota and bowel inflammation. Therefore, we sought to identify B27-dependent changes in both host and microbial metabolites in the HLA-B27/β2m rat and whether microbiota-derived metabolites could impact disease in this major model of spondyloarthropathy. Methods Cecal contents were collected from 6wk (pre-diseased) and 16wk (diseased) Fischer 344 HLA-B27/β2m transgenic rats and WT controls. Metabolomic profiling was performed by high-throughput gas- and liquid-chromatography-based mass spectrometry...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622198/ocular-sarcoidosis-new-diagnostic-modalities-and-treatment
#9
Sung J Yang, Sherveen Salek, James T Rosenbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ocular involvement in sarcoidosis is present in up to 80% of patients and is frequently manifested before diagnosis of the underlying systemic disease. Considering the therapeutic consequences, early diagnosis of the underlying disease is advantageous in patients presenting with ocular inflammation. There are several ocular findings suggestive of underlying sarcoidosis, such as granulomatous keratic precipitates, iris nodules, cells in the vitreous humor known as snowballs and snowbanks, and retinal periphlebitis...
June 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618255/osteocyte-regulation-of-receptor-activator-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-ligand-osteoprotegerin-in-a-sheep-model-of-osteoporosis
#10
Thaqif El Khassawna, Felix Merboth, Deeksha Malhan, Wolfgang Böcker, Diaa E S Daghma, Sabine Stoetzel, Stefanie Kern, Fathi Hassan, Dirk Rosenbaum, Judith Langenstein, Natali Bauer, Anja Schlagenhauf, Angela Rösen-Wolff, Felix Schulze, Markus Rupp, Dirk Hose, Anja Secklinger, Anita Ignatius, Hans-Joachim Wilke, Katrin S Lips, Christian Heiss
Osteoporosis induction in a sheep model by steroid administration combined with ovariectomy recapitulates decreased bone formation and substandard matrix mineralization in patients. Recently, the role of osteocytes has been frequently addressed, with focus on their role in osteoclastogenesis. However, the quantification of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) signaling in osteocytes was not studied in sheep. The current study reproduced the sheep model of osteoporosis to study the RANKL/OPG ratio correlation to the method of osteoporosis induction...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616080/pedobarography-as-a-clinical-tool-in-the-management-of-diabetic-feet-in-new-zealand-a-feasibility-study
#11
Jason K Gurney, Uwe G Kersting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Ajith Dissanayake, Steve York, Roger Grech, Anthony Ng, Bobbie Milne, James Stanley, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: The peripheral complications of diabetes mellitus remain a significant risk to lower-limb morbidity. In New Zealand, risk of diabetes, comorbidity and lower-limb amputation are highly-differential between demographic groups, particularly ethnicity. There is growing and convincing evidence that the use of pedobarography - or plantar pressure measurement - can usefully inform diabetic foot care, particularly with respect to the prevention of re-ulceration among high-risk patients...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611866/association-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-on-3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coa-reductase-inhibitors
#12
Satyajeet Roy, Joshua Louis Weinstock, Allyse Sachiko Ishino, Jefferson Felix Benites, Samantha Rachel Pop, Christopher David Perez, Edvard Adrian Gumbs, Jennifer Ann Rosenbaum, Mary Kate Roccato, Hely Shah, Gabriela Contino, Krystal Hunter
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the United States. A reduction in cholesterol with 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statin) significantly reduces mortality and morbidity. Statins may be associated with cognitive impairment or dementia. Our aim was to study the association of cognitive impairment or dementia in patients who were on a statin. METHODS: Electronic medical records of 3,500 adult patients in our suburban internal medicine office were reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609159/development-of-a-canine-care-and-welfare-knowledge-scale-implications-for-welfare-and-preventing-dogfighting
#13
Maria A Iliopoulou, Rene P Rosenbaum, Carla L Carleton
The objective of this study was to develop a Canine Care and Welfare Knowledge (CCWK) Scale for use in educational intervention development and evaluation and validate the instrument. The study population was 504 children, aged 11 to 19 years old, from Detroit, MI. In this cross-sectional study, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for scale development. The EFA and CFA of the CCWK Scale revealed a 2nd-order model with 6 factors to be a good fit of the data (chi-square [df = 269] = 433, p < ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606031/how-socioeconomic-status-affects-patient-perceptions-of-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#14
Nicholas C Arpey, Anne H Gaglioti, Marcy E Rosenbaum
INTRODUCTION: Clinician perceptions of patients with low socioeconomic status (SES) have been shown to affect clinical decision making and health care delivery in this group. However, it is unknown how and if low SES patients perceive clinician bias might affect their health care. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 80 enrollees in a state Medicaid program were analyzed to identify recurrent themes in their perceptions of care. RESULTS: Most subjects perceived that their SES affected their health care...
July 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603835/will-republicans-abandon-child-health
#15
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602566/dis-integration-of-communication-in-healthcare-education-workplace-learning-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Marcy E Rosenbaum
The purpose of this paper, based on a 2016 Heidelberg International Conference on Communication in Healthcare (ICCH) plenary presentation, is to examine a key problem in communication skills training for health professional learners. Studies have pointed to a decline in medical students' communication skills and attitudes as they proceed through their education, particularly during their clinical workplace training experiences. This paper explores some of the key factors in this disintegration, drawing on selected literature and highlighting some curriculum efforts and research conducted at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine as a case study of these issues...
June 3, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601862/management-of-anterior-urethral-strictures-in-adults-a-survey-of-contemporary-practice-in-germany
#17
Clemens M Rosenbaum, C Philip Reiss, Hendrik Borgmann, Johannes Salem, Margit Fisch, Johannes Huber, Marianne Schmid, Sascha A Ahyai
INTRODUCTION: Treatment methods of anterior urethral strictures in adults have undergone considerable changes in the recent past. Our goal was to determine national practice patterns among German urologists and to compare results with the results of prior international surveys. METHODS: We conducted a survey on the management of urethral strictures among German urologists. RESULTS: Eight hundred forty-five urologists, representing about 14...
June 10, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600391/an-emerging-paradigm-rxlr-cleavage-before-effector-secretion
#18
Nancy Rosenbaum Hofmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594506/high-risk-stress-fractures-in-elite-athletes
#19
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Andrew J Rosenbaum, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Martin J O'Malley
Surgeons should understand common factors that predispose high-level athletes to stress injuries as well as the importance of vitamin D and specifics related to vascular supply, location of injury, biomechanics, and susceptibility factors in high-level athletes who have stress injuries. Surgeons should be aware of diagnostic- and management-based recommendations for and the outcomes of anterior tibia, medial malleolus, tarsal navicular, and proximal fifth metatarsal stress fractures in professional athletes...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589599/a-blow-for-sanity-guns-children-and-the-courts
#20
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Milbank Quarterly
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