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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219081/current-methods-of-evaluating-speech-language-outcomes-for-preschoolers-with-communication-disorders-a-scoping-review-using-the-icf-cy
#1
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Karla N Washington, Amanda Binns, Katelyn Rolfe, Bernadette Robertson, Peter Rosenbaum
Purpose: The purpose of this scoping review was to identify current measures used to evaluate speech-language outcomes for preschoolers with communication disorders within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY; World Health Organization, 2007). Method: The review involved 5 phases outlined by Arksey and O'Malley (2005) and further developed by Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien (2010): (a) articulating the research question; (b) identifying relevant studies; (c) selecting studies; (d) charting the data; and (e) collating, summarizing, and reporting the results...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218942/mada
#2
Herbert Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218934/precepting-medical-students-in-the-patient-s-presence-an-educational-randomized-trial-in-family-medicine-clinic
#3
David V Power, Marcy E Rosenbaum, Lindsey Hanson, Ian R Reynolds, Darin Brink, Shailendra Prasad, Clarence D Kreiter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many medical student-patient encounters occur in the outpatient setting. Conference room staffing (CRS) of student presentations has been the norm in the United States in recent decades. However, this method may not be suitable for outpatient precepting, being inefficient and reducing valuable direct face time between physician and patient. Precepting in the Presence of the Patient (PIPP) has previously been found to be an effective educational model in the outpatient setting but has never been studied in family medicine clinics, nor with non-English speaking patients, nor patients from lower socioeconomic backgrounds with low literacy...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207820/objectively-measured-versus-self-reported-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#4
Miriam Götte, Corinna Caroline Seidel, Sabine Verena Kesting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Joachim Boos
OBJECTIVE: Existing research recognizes low levels of physical activity in pediatric patients with cancer, but much uncertainty exists about their capability to self-reflect physical activity levels. The objective of this study was to compare results of subjective self-reports and objective accelerometers regarding levels of daily walking as well as moderate-to-vigorous physical activities. METHODS: Results of the objective assessment tool StepWatchTM Activity Monitor and self-reporting with a standardized questionnaire were compared in 28 children and adolescents during cancer treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203342/optimizing-current-and-emerging-therapies-in-multiple-myeloma-a-guide-for-the-hematologist
#5
REVIEW
Shahzad Raza, Rachael A Safyan, Evan Rosenbaum, Alex S Bowman, Suzanne Lentzsch
Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematologic malignancy. The diagnosis of MM requires ⩾10% clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow or biopsy-proven plasmacytoma, plus evidence of end-organ damage (hypercalcemia, renal failure, anemia, and lytic bone lesions). The definition of MM has recently been expanded to include a ⩾60% clonal plasma cell burden in the bone marrow, serum involved/uninvolved light chain ratio of ⩾100, or more than one focal lesion on magnetic resonance imaging ⩾5 mm in the absence of end-organ damage...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202095/the-effects-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplementation-on-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
J Firth, B Stubbs, J Sarris, S Rosenbaum, S Teasdale, M Berk, A R Yung
BACKGROUND: When used as an adjunctive with antipsychotics, certain vitamins and minerals may be effective for improving symptomatic outcomes of schizophrenia, by restoring nutritional deficits, reducing oxidative stress, or modulating neurological pathways. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting effects of vitamin and/or mineral supplements on psychiatric symptoms in people with schizophrenia. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to calculate the standardized mean difference between nutrient and placebo treatments...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186673/modulation-of-fronto-parietal-connections-during-the-rubber-hand-illusion
#7
Anke Ninija Karabanov, Anina Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Mark Schram Christensen, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Jens Bo Nielsen
Accumulating evidence suggests that parieto-frontal connections play a role in adjusting body ownership during the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI). Using a motor version of the rubber hand illusion paradigm, we applied single-site and dual-site transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate cortico-spinal and parietal-frontal connectivity during perceived rubber hand ownership. Healthy volunteers received a conditioning TMS pulse over left anterior intraparietal sulcus (aIPS) and a test TMS pulse over left primary motor cortex (M1)...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169855/the-anesthesiologist-s-role-in-the-national-partnership-for-maternal-safety-s-hemorrhage-bundle-a-review-article
#8
Thea Rosenbaum, Jill M Mhyre
Obstetric hemorrhage can bring significant challenges to the obstetrician and anesthestiologist. Optimal management requires a systems-based multidisciplinary and intraprofessinal approach, and implementation leadership is now the cornerstone of successful hemorrhage management. The National Partnership for Maternal Safety recently released a patient safety bundle for maternal hemorrhage. The bundle lists 13 resources that should be implemented in every delivery unit in the country to optimize readiness, recognition, response, and reporting and systems learning for obstetric hemorrhage...
February 6, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167314/the-impact-of-contact-on-students-attitudes-towards-peers-with-disabilities
#9
Susanne Schwab
This study aimed to understand the relationship between contact with peers with Special Educational Needs (SEN) and students' attitudes towards their peers with SEN, by examining the inter-group contact theory in regular and inclusive classes. A total of 463 students in 8th grade, with a mean age of 14.42 years, from 25 secondary school classes in Styria (Austria) completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their contact with peers with SEN and their attitudes towards peers with disabilities. Contact was indicated by nominations for joint activities and examined in inclusive and regular classes...
February 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167226/outcomes-icu-utilization-and-length-of-stay-in-chronically-ill-black-and-white-children-on-medicaid-hospitalized-for-surgery
#10
Jeffrey H Silber, Paul R Rosenbaum, Shawna Calhoun, Joseph G Reiter, Alexander S Hill, Orit Even-Shoshan, William J Greeley
BACKGROUND: With increasing Medicaid coverage, it has become especially important to determine if racial differences exist within the Medicaid system. We asked if disparities exist in hospital practice and patient outcomes between matched black and white Medicaid children with chronic conditions undergoing surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A matched cohort study, matching 6,398 pairs within states on detailed patient characteristics, using data from 25 states contributing adequate Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX) claims for dmissions of children with chronic conditions undergoing the same surgical procedures between January 1, 2009 and November 30, 2010 for ages 1-18 years...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159782/effect-of-tenapanor-on-serum-phosphate-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#11
Geoffrey A Block, David P Rosenbaum, Maria Leonsson-Zachrisson, Magnus Åstrand, Susanne Johansson, Mikael Knutsson, Anna Maria Langkilde, Glenn M Chertow
Hyperphosphatemia is common among patients with CKD stage 5D and is associated with morbidity and mortality. Current guidelines recommend lowering serum phosphate concentrations toward normal. Tenapanor is a minimally absorbed small molecule inhibitor of the sodium/hydrogen exchanger isoform 3 that functions in the gut to reduce sodium and phosphate absorption. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial assessed the effects of tenapanor on serum phosphate concentration in patients with hyperphosphatemia receiving hemodialysis...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147335/promoter-methylation-of-mcam-er%C3%AE-and-er%C3%AE-in-serum-of-early-stage-prostate-cancer-patients
#12
Mariana Brait, Mithu Banerjee, Leonel Maldonado, Akira Ooki, Myriam Loyo, Elisa Guida, Evgeny Izumchenko, Leslie Mangold, Elizabeth Humphreys, Eli Rosenbaum, Alan Partin, David Sidransky, Mohammad Obaidul Hoque
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PC) is the second most common cancer among men worldwide. Currently, the most common non-invasive approach for screening and risk assessment of PC is measuring the level of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA). However, the sensitivity of PSA is 42.8 % and specificity is 41.1%. As a result, the serum PSA test leads to numerous unneeded biopsies. Therefore, a rigorous search for biomarkers for early detection of PC is ongoing. In this study, we aim to assess a panel of epigenetic markers in an intend to develop an early detection test for PC...
28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135643/are-people-with-schizophrenia-adherent-to-diabetes-medication-a-comparative-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Paul Gorczynski, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs, Simon Rosenbaum, Davy Vancampfort
Individuals living with schizophrenia are 2-3 times more likely to experience type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes medication adherence is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality in this population. We conducted a meta-analysis of diabetes medication adherence among people with schizophrenia, and compared this to those without schizophrenia. A systematic search strategy was used to identify all articles reporting adherence to diabetes medications among patients with schizophrenia. In total, 10 unique studies reporting data from 33,910 people with schizophrenia were included...
January 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135426/health-insurance-and-coverage-of-evidence-based-care
#14
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131047/long-term-outcome-in-53-patients-with-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-a-single-centre-in-france
#15
Eric Bruckert, Olga Kalmykova, Randa Bittar, Valérie Carreau, Sophie Béliard, Samir Saheb, David Rosenbaum, Dominique Bonnefont-Rousselot, Daniel Thomas, Corinne Emery, Babak Khoshnood, Alain Carrié
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HoFH) is a rare inherited condition characterized by elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, severe, accelerated atherosclerosis and premature coronary heart disease. We evaluated cardiovascular complications in HoFH patients over extended follow-up and investigated their association with changes in cholesterol over time, as well as total cholesterol burden. METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, 53 patients (baseline mean ± standard deviation [SD], total cholesterol 15...
January 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129692/moving-research-tools-into-practice-the-successes-and-challenges-in-promoting-uptake-of-classification-tools
#16
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker, Nancy Thomas-Stonell, Peter Rosenbaum
PURPOSE: In this paper, we present our experiences - both successes and challenges - in implementing evidence-based classification tools into clinical practice. We also make recommendations for others wanting to promote the uptake and application of new research-based assessment tools. METHOD: We first describe classification systems and the benefits of using them in both research and practice. We then present a theoretical framework from Implementation Science to report strategies we have used to implement two research-based classification tools into practice...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125437/value-in-single-level-lumbar-discectomy-surgical-disposable-item-cost-and-relationship-to-patient-reported-outcomes
#17
Benjamin P Rosenbaum, Michael T Modic, Ajit A Krishnaney
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: Compare improvements in health status measures (HSMs) and surgical costs to determine whether use of more costly items has any relationship to clinical outcome and value in lumbar disc surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Association between cost, outcomes, and value in spine surgery, including lumbar discectomy is poorly understood. Outcomes were calculated as difference in mean HSM scores between preoperative and postoperative timeframes...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123234/when-must-state-public-health-laws-contain-religious-exemptions-stormans-inc-v-weisman
#18
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123233/the-constitution-and-the-public-s-health-the-consequences-of-the-us-supreme-court-s-medicaid-decision-in-nfib-v-sebelius
#19
Vasu Sunkara, Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109313/can-an-educational-podcast-improve-the-ability-of-parents-of-primary-school-children-to-assess-the-reliability-of-claims-made-about-the-benefits-and-harms-of-treatments-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Matt Oxman, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Sarah Rosenbaum, Margaret Kaseje, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Atle Fretheim, Iain Chalmers, Andrew D Oxman, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Claims made about the effects of treatments are very common in the media and in the population more generally. The ability of individuals to understand and assess such claims can affect their decisions and health outcomes. Many people in both low- and high-income countries have inadequate aptitude to assess information about the effects of treatments. As part of the Informed Healthcare Choices project, we have prepared a series of podcast episodes to help improve people's ability to assess claims made about treatment effects...
January 21, 2017: Trials
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