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Inae C Gadotti, Corey Hulse, Julia Vlassov, Derek Sanders, Daniela A Biasotto-Gonzalez
Background: Physical therapy (PT) has been shown to be one of the most effective conservative treatments for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Not all dentists are aware of the importance of the collaboration with physical therapists in the treatment of TMD pain. Objectives: To determine the awareness of dentists in Florida about the importance of PT for TMD pain and to create awareness related to collaborations. Methods: An online questionnaire was used...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Muriel Dumay, Jean-Marc Dersot, Brenda Mertens
INTRODUCTION: Today, esthetic enhancement is one of the main reasons why patients seek orthodontic treatment. Governed by the canons of beauty dictated by our society, the smile is a key component in this quest for perfect beauty. Hence, the orthodontist is often the first specialist to be consulted by adolescents, but also, more and more, by adults as well. Using simple tools, the practitioner must be able to make a precise analysis of the patient combining both orthodontic and periodontal examinations with an esthetic periodontal diagnosis...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
Pierre Canal, Catherine Galletti
INTRODUCTION: The mouth is an essential feature of the human body since it is there that the breath and food of life pass. In addition, it bears witness to our emotions. Today, the smile has become a major means of communication and of "self-affirmation". OBJECTIVE: The first task of the orthodontist is to restore correct function while, obviously, also contributing to enhance the patient's appearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we will present six cases to demonstrate that the leading mission of orthodontics is to restore the occlusion and function...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
Kazem Dalaie, Mohammad Behnaz, Zahra Khodabakhshi, Sepanta Hosseinpour
Objective: This study aimed to assess the relationship between malocclusion severity and oral health-related quality of life (QoL) of 18 to 25-year-old Iranians who sought orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 126 patients between 18 and 25 years attending some private orthodontic clinics answered the oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) and a demographic questionnaire. Two calibrated orthodontists recorded the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need-Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC) determining the severity of malocclusion (Kappa = 0...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Terumi Okada Ozawa, Luciana Lais Savero Reis, Renata Mayumi Kato, Diógenes Laercio Rocha, Renata Sathler, Daniela Gamba Garib
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the aesthetics of nasolabial appearance and facial profile of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) submitted to 2-stage palate repair with vomerine flap. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Single center. PATIENTS: Forty patients with UCLP, mean age of 7.81 years of both sexes, rehabilitated at a single center by 1 plastic surgeon. INTERVENTIONS: Lip and anterior palate repair with nasal alar repositioning was performed at 3 to 6 months of age by Millard technique and vomer flap, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
K Saravana Pandian, Sindhuja Krishnan, S Aravind Kumar
Introduction: Soft-tissue analysis has become an important component of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. Photographic evaluation of an orthodontic patient is a very close representation of the appearance of the person. The previously established norms for soft-tissue analysis will vary for different ethnic groups. Thus, there is a need to develop soft-tissue facial profile norms pertaining to Indian ethnic groups. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to establish the angular photogrammetric standards of soft-tissue facial profile for Indian males and females and also to compare sexual dimorphism present between them...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
P Grogger, C Sacher, S Weber, G Millesi, R Seemann
Deviations in measuring dentofacial components in a lateral X-ray represent a major hurdle in the subsequent treatment of dysgnathic patients. In a retrospective study, we investigated the most prevalent source of error in the following commonly used cephalometric measurements: the angles Sella-Nasion-Point A (SNA), Sella-Nasion-Point B (SNB) and Point A-Nasion-Point B (ANB); the Wits appraisal; the anteroposterior dysplasia indicator (APDI); and the overbite depth indicator (ODI). Preoperative lateral radiographic images of patients with dentofacial deformities were collected and the landmarks digitally traced by three independent raters...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Inès Dallel, Wiem Marwen, Sofiene Ben Abdallah, Samir Tobji, Adel Ben Amor, Pierre Canal
In his daily practice, the orthodontist is regularly asked to treat patients with one or more missing teeth. Considering their functional and esthetic specificities, and the relatively high frequency of agenesia, our interest was to focus on the permanent lateral upper incisors. Our study, based on an orthodontic population including 1000 patients, shows that about 7.8% of these patients present agenesis of at least one permanent tooth (out of which 3.6% are agenesis of the upper lateral incisor). Treatment options for these cases are multiple with several decisional factors to consider: the solutions often lead to compromises, and require a multidisciplinary coordination...
April 9, 2018: International Orthodontics
Iury Oliveira Castro, Bruno Frazão Gribel, Ana Helena Gonçalves de Alencar, José Valladares-Neto, Carlos Estrela
PURPOSE: To compare crown inclination and angulation results obtained after orthodontic treatment to the Roth prescription. METHODS: The study design was based on files and documents obtained from a database of 26 patients who had undergone orthodontic treatment using the straight-wire technique and the Roth prescription. The crown inclination and angulation were measured using a three-dimensional (3D) cephalometric module (VistaDent, Dentsply, New York, NY, USA) by an orthodontist...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
P V Mc Crory
The British Orthodontic Society (BOS) recently published a number of news articles aimed at drawing attention to its 'Hold that Smile' campaign which promotes lifelong retainer wear. The BOS's stated intention is to 'generate a viral #HoldthatSmile campaign in order to build awareness of its message that retainers are for life'. The campaign also seeks to recruit the support of GDPs and DCPs, including nurses, in motivating patients to wear retainers for life. It suggests that orthodontists and GDPs need to work collaboratively and suggests that dentists would need to check patients are taking care of their retainers over the long term...
April 6, 2018: British Dental Journal
Mohammad Bayat, Mahsa Shariati, Fatemeh Rajaeirad, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Zeinab Davoudmanesh
Introduction: Facial anthropometric measurement is considered an essential concern of surgeons, orthodontists, artists and forensic scientists. The aim of this study is to investigate facial anthropometric norms of the young Iranian population. Methods: The study participants consisted of 200 healthy Iranian students (100 males, 100 females) aged 18-25 years old. Twenty-three liner and four angular measurements were investigated twice by a dentist. Independent-samples t test was used to compare indices between males and females and also between countries...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Ajay K Gupta, Gita Shukla, Poonam Sharma, Amit K Gupta, Amit Kumar, Deepika Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatment these days is increasing in demand, and therefore, it is relatively imperative for the orthodontist to prescribe the use of fluoride-containing products, such as mouthwashes and gels, to help prevent dental caries and maintain healthy oral health. The aim of the study was to assess and evaluate the effects of fluoride prophylactic agents on mechanical properties of nickel titanium (NiTi) wires during orthodontic treatment using scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Roberto Hernández-Orsini, Juan Silva-Coll
Achieving ideal results when treating a difficult malocclusion is a challenge that orthodontists frequently encounter. Maintaining those results is sometimes more challenging than the correction itself. As specialists in orthodontics, we should be able to apply bone physiology concepts during the diagnosis and treatment planning process and predict how bone will react after biomechanical stimuli. Understanding bone physiology and the biology of tissue response during orthodontic tooth movement should allow us to develop the proper mechanical design and consequently the therapeutic procedures necessary to achieve the expected tooth position and bone architecture...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Jens A D Padmos, Piotr S Fudalej, Anne Marie Renkema
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to survey current retention procedures applied by Dutch orthodontists and to examine their acquaintance with "unintentionally active retainers." METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 306 Dutch orthodontists involved in patient treatment. Questions were clustered in 4 parts: (1) general information, (2) retention procedures, (3) characteristics of wire materials for bonded retainers, and (4) acquaintance with "unintentionally active retainers...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Sanjeev Verma, Nameksh Raj Bhupali, Deepak Kumar Gupta, Sombir Singh, Satinder Pal Singh
Space gaining is frequently required in orthodontics. Multiple loops were initially used for space gaining and alignment. The most common used mechanics for space gaining is the use of nickel-titanium open coil springs. The disadvantage of nickel-titanium coil spring is that they cannot be used until the arches are well aligned to receive the stiffer stainless steel wires. Therefore, a new method of gaining space during initial alignment and leveling has been developed and named as sleeve push technique (SPT)...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Mostafa Abtahi, Nasrollah Saghravanian, Maryam Poosti, Hooman Shafaee
Background: Reduction of orthodontic treatment time is a major concern for orthodontists. Low level laser therapy (LLL) has been widely used in dentistry and it has been claimed that it could stimulate bone formation. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate histological effects of LLL on alveolar bone remodeling during experimental tooth movement in rabbits. Methods: In this experimental study which was performed in the animal lab of Mashhad Dental School in 2016 twenty pre-pubertal female albino rabbits with the mean age of 8±1 weeks were randomly assigned into two groups...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
Jing Huang, Cui-Ying Li, Jiu-Hui Jiang
BACKGROUND: The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to test the hypothesis that no facial soft tissue changes occur after nonsurgical rapid maxillary expansion (RME), in order to provide a reference for orthodontists. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, OVID, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, and ScienceDirect databases were electronically and manually searched up to December 2017, and randomized controlled, clinical controlled trials, cohort studies and retrospective studies where soft tissue changes were measured before and after nonsurgical RME were identified...
March 21, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Risa Usumi-Fujita, Koichi Nakakuki, Koichi Fujita, Machiko Kosugi, Ikuo Yonemitus, Eiji Fukuyama, Takashi Ono
Facial asymmetry can be caused by unilateral condylar hyperplasia. In such cases, it may be difficult to achieve symmetry since there is dentoalveolar compensation on the affected side, and the occlusal cant does not correspond to the frontal mandibular deviation. In the case presented, surgical orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery planning was accomplished for a patient with facial asymmetry due to condylar hyperplasia. The surgical plan was devised with particular attention to the severe dentoalveolar compensation...
March 21, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Dhirendra Srivastava, Harpreet Singh, Sonal Mishra, Poonam Sharma, Pranav Kapoor, Lokesh Chandra
Management of facial asymmetry is one of the arduous and challenging task to accomplish in disciplines of orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery. This article aims to describe various treatment modalities adopted conjointly by the orthodontist and maxillofacial surgeon, taking into consideration the realistic concerns and expectations of the patient. This would help improve treatment outcomes while ensuring overall well-being of the patient.
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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