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pediatric dentists

Angela Galeotti, Annelyse Garret Bernardin, Vincenzo D'Antò, Gianmaria Fabrizio Ferrazzano, Tina Gentile, Valeria Viarani, Giorgio Cassabgi, Tiziana Cantile
Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness and the tolerability of the nitrous oxide sedation for dental treatment on a large pediatric sample constituting precooperative, fearful, and disabled patients. Methods. 472 noncooperating patients (aged 4 to 17) were treated under conscious sedation. The following data were calculated: average age; gender distribution; success/failure; adverse effects; number of treatments; kind of dental procedure undertaken; number of dental procedures for each working session; number of working sessions for each patient; differences between males and females and between healthy and disabled patients in relation to success; success in relation to age; and level of cooperation using Venham score...
2016: BioMed Research International
Gozde Ozcan, Ahmet Ercan Sekerci, Fatma Kocoglu
Knowledge of the different anatomical variations in root canal system of dedicious dentition will improve the practice of the pediatric dentists. The teeth with C-shaped root canal configurations are definitely a problem in endodontic treatment. Dentists who are specialists of endodontics must have adequate knowledge about various root canal morphologies of primary tooth that have a tendency for rapid progression of dental caries to achieve a technically satisfactory outcome. This report presents an extraordinary case of unusual tooth morphology involving the mandibular first primary molar with a C-shaped configuration which has not yet been reported...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Ahmed I Masoud, Gregory W Jackson, David W Carley
INTRODUCTION: Dentists can be the first professionals to recognize a patient's potential sleep problem since they typically have more frequent contact with their patients than do physicians. It is important that dentists have a reasonable understanding of sleep disorders and how to assess their patients if they suspect such a problem so that a timely referral can be made or treatment can be provided as appropriate. OBJECTIVE: To review the key literature relevant to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) characteristics and diagnosis, including history, examination, and investigation with an emphasis on radiographic airway analyses...
September 19, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Sara Karlin, Ellen Karlin, Timothy Meiller, Nasir Bashirelahi
Celiac disease (CD) is the world's most common genetic food intolerance disorder. Children with celiac disease cannot tolerate gluten, a storage protein in wheat, rye, and barley. The first recognizable symptom in children is often an oral manifestation, rather than the typical gastrointestinal symptoms. The purpose of this paper is to review the oral and dental manifestations of CD to help pediatric dentists identify and refer atypically symptomatic patients to their pediatricians.
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
H Barry Waldman, Rick Rader, Stephen Sulkes, Steven P Perlman
The transition of teenagers with special needs to young adulthood is a complex period for the children and their families. This transition is especially difficult when it comes to securing needed oral health care. The teenager is forced to transfer from the services of an age defined pediatric dental specialist with training to provide care for individuals with special needs, to 1) general practitioners with limited formal training and often unwillingness to provide care and 2) at a period when most states provide limited or lack of adult dental Medicaid programs...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Dafna Benadof, Evlambia Hajishengallis, Amanda Cole, Carolina Vidal
BACKGROUND: The parent's ability to obtain, process, and understand important oral health information (i.e., their oral health literacy) is directly related to their child's oral health status. AIM: To assess the relationship between oral literacy demands placed on parents by dentists and parents' understanding of dental information given to them. DESIGN: Thirty-one consenting primary caregivers of children attending their first dental visit completed a demographic survey, a REALD-30 test, and a survey to test understanding of dental information...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Binyamin Binyaminy, Eric J Haas
In Israel, only physicians, dentists, and psychologists who complete an accredited licensing process may practice hypnosis. This study examines the characteristics of hypnotherapists compared to nonhypnotherapists in the same discipline. All hypnotherapists in Israel were compared to nonhypnotherapist health professionals. There are more subspecialists among hypnotists, and the most common specialties were psychiatry, pediatric dentistry, and clinical psychology. These findings imply self-sorting of hypnotists as a result of the regulation in Israel...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Javier Monagas, Priyanshi Ritwik, Andrew Kolomensky, Julio Acosta, Danielle Kay, Lindsey Clendaniel, Paul E Hyman
Rumination syndrome is the effortless regurgitation of recently ingested food with subsequent re-swallowing or spitting out. Dental erosion (DE) affects 2% to 5% of the population. DE is defined as loss of tooth structure by a chemical process that does not involve bacteria. Our objective was to compare the frequency of DE among children with rumination syndrome with healthy controls. We enrolled 30 patients 4 to 21 years of age diagnosed with rumination syndrome, and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Lanuza Borges Oliveira, Fernanda Amaral Soares, Marise Fagundes Silveira, Lucinéia de Pinho, Antônio Prates Caldeira, Maísa Tavares de Souza Leite
OBJECTIVE: to develop and validate an instrument to evaluate the knowledge of health professionals about domestic violence on children. METHOD: this was a study conducted with 194 physicians, nurses and dentists. A literature review was performed for preparation of the items and identification of the dimensions. Apparent and content validation was performed using analysis of three experts and 27 professors of the pediatric health discipline. For construct validation, Cronbach's alpha was used, and the Kappa test was applied to verify reproducibility...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Sean W McLaren, Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Jed Nordfelt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of predicting dental treatment modalities for children seen initially by means of a live-video teledentistry consultation. METHODS: A retrospective dental record review was completed of 251 rural pediatric patients from the Finger Lakes region of New York State who had an initial teledentistry appointment with a board-certified pediatric dentist located remotely at the Eastman Institute for Oral Health in Rochester, NY...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Radhika Chopra, Mohita Marwaha, Kalpana Bansal, Meenu Mittal
OBJECTIVE: Failure of inferior alveolar nerve block in achieving profound anesthesia of the pulp due to various reasons has led to the introduction of more potent local anesthetic agents like articaine. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of buccal infiltration with articaine in achieving pulpal anesthesia of primary molars as compared to inferior alveolar nerve block with lignocaine. STUDY DESIGN: 30 patients (4-8 years) with indication of pulp therapy in at least two mandibular primary molars were selected...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
José L S A Rodrigues, Anderson P B Lima, Juliana Y Nagata, Lilian Rigo, Graziela O Cericato, Ademir Franco, Luiz R Paranhos
The domestic violence against children (DVAC) interferes in the psychological development leading to sequels that manifest and persist up to the adulthood. The physical evidences of domestic violence are more easily observed in the orofacial complex, becoming eventually detected by dentists. The present systematic literature review aimed to investigate the perception, knowledge and attitude of dentists towards the detection and management of DVAC cases. A systematic search was performed in 6 databases: PubMed, ScienceDirect, LILACS, SciELO, GoogleScholar, and OpenGrey...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Jeanette Johnson, Jonathon Jundt, Issa Hanna, Jonathan W Shum, Gary Badger, James C Melville
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor predominantly occurring in patients who are in their 20s and 30s. Approximately 10% to 15% of ameloblastomas occur in patients younger than 18 years. Although it is a benign tumor, an ameloblastoma can have a devastating effect on children both physically and emotionally. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate how tissue engineering and surgical techniques can minimize morbidity and recovery time after extirpation and immediate reconstruction of a mandibular ameloblastoma...
July 16, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Gunmeen Sadana, Rashu Grover, Manjul Mehra, Sunil Gupta, Jasmeet Kaur, Sukhmani Sadana
OBJECTIVE: A potential problem in patient management in pediatric dentistry is dental anxiety among children. It is of paramount importance for pediatric dentists to identify an anxious child and review potential management options specific to every child. The aim of this study is to validate a newly devised Chotta Bheem-Chutki (CBC) pictorial scale and to compare this with Venham's pictorial scale (VPS) and facial image scale (FIS) to measure dental anxiety in young children during their first dental visit...
May 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Luigi Paglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Aman Moda, Gyanendra Saroj, Swati Sharma, Basant Gupta
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and awareness among parents and general dental practitioners regarding rehabilitation with full coverage restoration in children following pulp therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multiple choice questionnaire was given to 1,000 parents and 400 general practitioners in this multicentric trial. The questionnaire assessed their beliefs, knowledge regarding care of primary teeth, assessment of treating children, and knowledge regarding importance of primary teeth...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Vivek Rana, Nikhil Srivastava, Noopur Kaushik, Prerna Panthri
One of the most challenging tasks for a pediatric dentist is the management of deleterious oral habits which adversely affect the dentofacial complex. However, if these habits can be intercepted and diagnosed well in time, they can save the patient from the psychological impact of undergoing long treatment therapies. One such rare deleterious oral habit is cheek biting that affects the buccal mucosa. Presented here is a case report which describes the interception of this deleterious habit in a 15-year-old female child who was a bilateral cheek biter with the help of an innovative intraoral appliance: The cheek plumper...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Jason Schweitzer, Christine James, Willough Jenkins, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
A 5-year-old nonverbal child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was admitted to inpatient pediatrics with new onset agitation and self-injurious behavior. His parents described him as a pleasant child without previous episodes of self-injury. Four days before admission, the parents noted new irritability followed by 2 days of self-injury to the face without clear precipitant. His hitting intensified with closed fist to face, and he required parental physical restraint to prevent further injury. Car rides and ibuprofen provided only temporary relief...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jordan P Steinberg, Colin M Brady, Brittany R Waters, Magdalena Soldanska, Fernando D Burstein, Jack E Thomas, Joseph K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mandibular distraction is effective for relieving airway obstruction in Robin sequence; however, mid-term dental and nerve-related complications have not been adequately studied. METHODS: Records were reviewed for patients with a single distraction in infancy using internal devices. Follow-up was 5 years or longer. Craniofacial dysmorphic syndromes and those affecting facial nerve function were excluded. Part I involved a review of dental records, whereas Part II involved assessment of inferior alveolar and marginal mandibular nerve function in returning patients with the use of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane cold stimulation and photography, respectively...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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