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pediatric dentists

Lavanya Govindaraju, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
Aim: The paradigm of etiology of early childhood caries (ECC) is shifting toward genetics. Of various inherited factors, blood group of an individual is genetically determined. The aim of the study is to determine if blood group of an individual will serve as a potential risk factor in the development of ECC. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chennai. Blood samples were collected from a total of 500 children <71 months of age for determination of the blood group...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Jehan Al Humaid
Sweetened oral medications are widely used for children to facilitate compliance. A variety of natural and artificial sweeteners are used in these drug formulations to augment the sweetness and thereby palatability of the product. There is growing concern among dentists about the increased consumption of sugars in these medications by children, especially those who are chronically ill as it may contribute to diabetes mellitus, dental erosion, and dental caries. This literature review provides information about the sweetener content and cariogenic potential of commonly prescribed pediatric oral medications that are used for managing acute and chronic conditions in children and measures for oral health prevention...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Niekla Survia Andiesta, Maimunah A Hamid, Kkc Lee, Allan Pau
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly 4000 children in Malaysia were referred to hospital pediatric dental services due to dental caries. Recent research has reported the effectiveness of dental home visits in preventing caries development in young children. Dental home visits (DHVs) are described as an ongoing relationship between the dentist and their patients, providing all aspects of a preventive oral health care program in the presence of the parents at home. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dental home visits and oral health information, in the form of educational leaflets, in preventing new caries development in young children, compared to those receiving only educational leaflets over a period of two years...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Dean M DeLuke, Darriel Cannon, Caroline Carrico, B Ellen Byrne, Daniel M Laskin
Administration of safe and effective local anesthesia is a cornerstone of dental practice, but there is some discrepancy in recommendations for maximum doses, with the Council on Dental Therapeutics and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's guidelines differing from the guidelines of manufacturers and contemporary textbooks. The aim of this study was to determine the level of uniformity across U.S. dental schools in teaching maximal safe doses for commonly used local anesthetics. Faculty members primarily responsible for teaching local anesthesia to dental students at all 62 U...
June 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Andrea Gómez-González, Adriana Torre-Delgadillo, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
The aim of the present article is to review the etiological risk factors and the general and oral management of anterior disc displacement with reduction caused by a chin trauma, and to describe the diagnostic process and the treatment provided to an affected 7-year-old girl. The patient also experienced frequent and severe cephaleas, which may be related to cervical vertebrae deviation. The patient was successfully treated with an intraoral occlusal splint and analgesics. Pediatric dentists must always be aware of the early signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders in their patients, especially in cases of orofacial trauma history, with the aim of providing an opportune resolution and preventing its progression later in life...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
Priyanka Agarwal, Rashmi Nayak, Ghayathri Elangovan
Aesthetic dentistry plays a significant role not only in adults but also in pediatric patients. However, a pediatric dentist is faced with the dual problem of satisfying the aesthetic expectations of the patient and parents as well as managing the pediatric patient. In the present era, there are numerous restorative techniques that can be applied to different clinical scenarios. However, we have to choose the technique that best suits our patient, not only biologically but also aesthetically, psychologically, functionally, and financially...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
Alline J de Oliveira, Maria Lg Silveira, Danilo A Duarte, Michele B Diniz
The pediatric dental approach to the oral cavity of newborns requires special attention, as many aspects are unique and peculiar to this period of life. It is important that pediatricians and pediatric dentists be aware of the characteristics within normal newborn patterns and prepared to make a correct diagnosis of abnormalities at early stages. Congenital eruption cysts (ECs) are rarely observed in newborns, as at this stage of a child's life, tooth eruption is unusual. This study reports a case of EC treated successfully by monitoring of the lesion, without any surgical procedure...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Balsam Noueiri, Nahla Nassif, Abbas Ollek
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus type I (DM1) has been increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. Children suffering from this chronic disease are subject to a high risk of systemic and oral complications, due to their young age and the lack of awareness of the relation between diabetes and oral health. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of oral and general complications of DM1 on the Lebanese children's quality of life. The goal was to assess the child's behavioral issues on the one hand and the oral issues on the other...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Faeq A Quadri, Fatimahi Am Jafari, Alanood Ts Albeshri, Abdulaziz M Zailai
Introduction: One way of prevention and early detection of oral diseases is by utilizing the dental health care services on a regular basis. The current study aims to know the factors that play a role in influencing the dental service utilization in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was designed and implemented. Study subjects comprised of patients visiting the dental clinics at Jazan University and the primary dental centers of five different suburbs in Jazan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Abiye Okah, Kristi Williams, Nasreen Talib, Keith Mann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends periodic oral health risk assessments (OHRAs) for young children to prevent early childhood caries and promote oral health. The objective of this quality improvement project was to incorporate OHRAs, including documentation of the oral screening examination, into well-child visits for patients aged 12 to 47 months to drive (1) improved rates of preventive fluoride varnish (FV) application and (2) improved dental referrals for children at high risk for caries...
May 25, 2018: Pediatrics
Shinechimeg Dima, Wei-Jen Chang, Jung-Wei Chen, Nai-Chia Teng
The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding early childhood caries (ECC) prevention and implementation of medical setting-based caries prevention among pediatricians and dentists in Taiwan. Data were collected from currently practicing pediatricians and general and pediatric dentists using self-administered questionnaires. A total of 301 questionnaires were completed by the pediatricians ( n = 105), general dentists ( n = 117), and pediatric dentists ( n = 79). The pediatric dentists obtained significantly higher knowledge and practice scores than the general dentists and pediatricians ( p < 0...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Martha H Wells, Brigid A McCarthy, Chi-Hong Tseng, Clarice S Law
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine provider and practice characteristics influencing usage of behavior guidance techniques (BGTs). METHODS: A 24-item survey was emailed to 4,117 active AAPD members to identify factors influencing pediatric dentists' use of BGTs. RESULTS: A total of 1,081 surveys were returned, for a 26 percent response rate. The mean age of respondents was 44.7 years old, with recent graduates comprising the largest group (30...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Vineet Dhar
Social media is increasingly being relied upon by health care professionals, including pediatric dentists, to make decisions in their practices. While social media serves as an excellent resource, there is lack of sound guidelines on its use by health professionals in dentistry. Pediatric dentists using social media for professional purposes need to be aware of the uses as well as the challenges it presents. More importantly, members and moderators of social media groups should ensure that all patient care-related information is de-identified and discussions are compliant with federal and state privacy laws and based on evidence-based recommendations...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Shaji T Varghese, Vinod Kumar, Sam Paul, Lijo K Jose, Tom Mathew, Sabin Siddique
Aim: Determination of skeletal and dental age is very essential for Pediatric dentist and orthodontist to formulate a treatment plan, and it is a source of supplemental information for Pediatrics, Orthopedics, and Forensics. There are no available studies in the literature about the comparison of dental and bone age with chronological age in obese children of south India. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate and compare dental age, bone age, and chronological age in obese children of south India...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Andreia Cristina Leal Figueiredo, Silvia Regina Jamelli
This integrative literature review aimed to analyze studies about factors associated with the utilization of dental health services by the pediatric population between zero and 15 years old, published between 2006 and 2016 and available in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A survey of articles in the Lilacs and Medline databases was carried out, using the search strategy: ("dental care/utilization" OR "dental health services/utilization") AND ("child" OR "child, preschool") AND NOT adult...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
J Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Juana M Arvizu-Rivera, Nadia P Campos-Lara, Miguel A Rosales-Berber, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Esophageal Atresia (EA) is defined as the congenital interruption of the continuity of the esophagus. Pediatric patients also have other congenital conditions, such as Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (TEF). CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old male with TEF referred by a Pediatric Cardiologist, with the principal complaint of "severe and generalized tooth wearing". Considering that the patient was systemically stable, it was decided to perform the oral procedures under local anesthesia and rubber-dam isolation with an antimicrobial prophylaxis regimen...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
H Barry Waldman, Steven P Perlman, Allen Wong
The question, "why a pediatric dentist should be concerned about major depression among teenagers" is considered in light of reports from the National Institute of Mental Health. The results of these studies indicate that there is a progressive increase in the proportion of adolescents with a history of major depressive episodes; ranging from 6.4% among 12 year olds to 15% and 16% for 15-17 year olds. There are great variations by gender, race and ethnicity in the proportion of teenagers experiencing major depressive episodes and receiving needed care...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sara M Bagher, Ayman M Sulimany, Martin Kaplan, Cheen Y Loo
A mucocele is the most common minor salivary gland disease and among the most common biopsied oral lesions in pediatric patients. Clinically, a mucocele appears as a round well-circumscribed painless swelling ranging from deep blue to mucosa alike in color. Mucoceles rarely resolve on their own and surgical removal under local anesthesia is required in most cases. Different treatment options are described in the literature, including cryosurgery, intra-lesion injection of corticosteroid, micro-marsupialization and conventional surgical removal using a scalpel, and laser ablation...
May 9, 2018: Dentistry journal
Shatha Aldhilan, Sanaa Al-Haj Ali
Background: The aim of this cross sectional study was (1) to identify and compare the approaches which are used to care for carious primary molars between pediatric dentists (PDs) and general dental practitioners (GDPs) in Saudi Arabia and (2) to evaluate the knowledge level of the most appropriate treatment decisions for both groups with regard to caries in primary molars and its relation with demographic variables. Material and Methods: A random sample of 600 GDPs and all registered PDs (n = 100) in the Saudi dental society in 2016 were emailed a two part questionnaire; the first part included questions about demographic data and the second part investigated knowledge of the participants of the most appropriate treatment decision in four hypothetical case scenarios in which the severity of caries in a single primary first molar differed...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Diana Ram, Maria Laura Hermida, Andrea Braun Jerozolimsky, Or-Yan Slav, Hao-Yu Wang, Florencia Puig Abbate, Ana Lorente Rodriguez, Cristina Cuadros-Fernández, Roberto Vofovics Leon, Esti Davidovich
BACKGROUND: Data are conflicting regarding the effect of professional staff attire on children at pediatric dental clinics. AIM: To compare the preferences of children and their parents in three countries, regarding the gender and attire of pediatric dentists. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-centered study was conducted in pediatric dental clinics in Israel (N=100), Uruguay (N=270) and Spain (N=200). Children, aged 4-12 years, and their parents were asked to choose the pediatric dentist they preferred from 5 pictures of the same male and 5 pictures of the same female, in different attire...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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