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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422477/parental-presence-absence-in-the-dental-operatory-as-a-behavior-management-technique-a-review-and-modified-view
#1
Hicham Riba, Asma Al-Shahrani, Hayat Al-Ghutaimel, Adel Al-Otaibi, Salim Al-Kahtani
INTRODUCTION: Parental presence/absence in the dental operatory (also called: Parent-in-parent-out technique) is an extremely controversial aspect of the nonpharmacological BMTs. Historically, dentists used to exclude parents from dental operatory to avoid their interference with the dentist's aptitude to build a rapport and relationship with the child, hence increasing the child management problems by disrupting treatment and making the dentist unfocused and uncomfortable. AIM: The purpose of this article is to review and emphasize on the importance of parental presence/absence in the dental operatory, especially in a certain age group, as a behavior management technique (BMT) in pediatric dentistry, and to present a modified view of this technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403233/behavior-of-lebanese-pediatricians-regarding-children-s-oral-health
#2
Balsam Noueiri, Nahla Nassif, Riad Bacho
Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the behavior of Lebanese pediatricians regarding children's oral health. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study including 100 Lebanese pediatricians was performed. They answered 11 questions. Three variables were taken into consideration: The number of years in practice, the place and the type of practice. Results: The answers were tabulated according to the latter three subdivisions. 97.7% of pediatricians who have been practicing for more than 5years reported inquiring about whether a child is taking a milk/juice bottle overnight as compared to 76...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394921/barriers-to-sealant-guideline-implementation-within-a-multi-site-managed-care-dental-practice
#3
Deborah E Polk, Robert J Weyant, Nilesh H Shah, Jeffrey L Fellows, Daniel J Pihlstrom, Julie Frantsve-Hawley
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify barriers frequently endorsed by dentists in a large, multi-site dental practice to implementing the American Dental Association's recommendation for sealing noncavitated occlusal carious lesions as established in their 2016 pit-and-fissure sealant clinical practice guideline. Although previous research has identified barriers to using sealants perceived by dentists in private practice, barriers frequently endorsed by dentists in large, multi-site dental practices have yet to be identified...
February 2, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379311/postoperative-discomfort-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-rehabilitation-under-general-anesthesia-comparison-of-nasal-tracheal-intubation-and-laryngeal-mask-airway
#4
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
Background: Several studies have identified side effects of general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation, such as laryngeal pain, dysphonia, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The laryngeal mask airway (LMAw) is believed to decrease these side effects. The aim of this trial was to compare postoperative discomfort, emergence delirium, and recovery time of patients who received either an LMAw or nasotracheal intubation (NTI). Patients and methods: A total of 70 children were randomly assigned to the LMAw group (n=35) or the NTI group (n=35)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285473/mother-s-work-status-on-children-s-bruxism-in-a-subset-of-saudi-population
#5
Rana Alouda, Maram Alshehri, Shoog Alnaghmoosh, Maryam Shafique, May Wathiq Al-Khudhairy
Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of this study were to determine if an association exists between mothers work status and her children's incidence of bruxism and habits related to bruxism. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through data collection of a questionnaire answered by 561 mothers' about their working status and their child's habits and behaviors. The survey consisted of 5 parts with a total of 34 questions: mother's information, child's behavior, child's sleeping pattern, mother's knowledge about bruxism, and child's medical history...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284970/prevalence-characteristics-and-complications-of-supernumerary-teeth-in-nonsyndromic-pediatric-population-of-south-india-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#6
Gibi Syriac, Elizabeth Joseph, S Rupesh, John Philip, Sunu Alice Cherian, Josey Mathew
Introduction: Supernumerary teeth are the presence of more number of teeth over the normal dental formula and may occur in permanent as well as early mixed dentition. This study determined the prevalence, characteristics, and complications caused by supernumerary teeth in nonsyndromic South Indian pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Characteristics of supernumerary teeth determined by clinical and radiographic examination were recorded. The age, sex, number of supernumerary teeth, eruption status, morphology, position, orientation, and complications (if any) associated with supernumerary teeth were recorded for each patient who had supernumerary teeth...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282170/provider-appearance-a-survey-of-guardian-and-patient-preference
#7
Joshua Westphal, Elizabeth Berry, Caroline Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegwyn Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess children's preferences for their pediatric dentist's attire; (2) assess guardians' preferences for their child's pediatric dentist's attire; and (3) determine which attributes are associated with different types of attire. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study using survey methodology with patients and parents who attended the pediatric dental clinic at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., USA. METHODS: A total sample of 100 guardians and 97 pediatric patients completed the computer-based questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245001/management-of-the-maxillary-diastema-by-various-dental-specialties
#8
Bryan Wheeler, Caroline K Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegman Brickhouse, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: There is considerable controversy in the literature concerning the indications for frenectomy for treating a maxillary diastema and for timing of the procedure. The purpose of this study was to survey pediatric dentists, orthodontists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons on their opinion of this matter to develop a consensus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous 7-item electronic questionnaire was sent to members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentists, the American Association of Orthodontists, and the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons asking about the etiology of the maxillary diastema, its diagnosis, and treatment...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232884/practicing-dentists-self-efficacy-and-associated-factors-in-managing-the-treatment-of-adults-with-mental-and-physical-disabilities-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
Sakher AlQahtani, Ebtissam Zakaria Murshid, Hani Talal Fadel, Saba Kassim
Background: Provision of oral healthcare to adults with mental and physical disabilities (AMPD) remains a challenging area across various healthcare systems. The present study aimed to assess self-reported efficacy and investigate factors associated with self-efficacy in the management of AMPD among practicing dentists in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A pilot-tested, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of 1000 dentists. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the collected responses...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224821/a-multicenter-study-of-malignant-oral-and-maxillofacial-lesions-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Leni Verônica de Oliveira Silva, Camila de Nazaré Alves de Oliveira Kato, Lauren Frenzel Schuch, Aline Carvalho Batista, Nádia Lago Costa, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Elena Riet Correa Rivero, Vinícius Coelho Carrard, Manoela Domingues Martins, Ana Paula Veras Sobral, Ricardo Alves Mesquita
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency of malignant oral and maxillofacial lesions among children and adolescents from representative geographic regions of Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on biopsies obtained from 1990 to 2016 at six Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology referral centers. A total of 85,105 biopsy specimens from children and adolescents were analyzed. Gender, age, anatomical location, symptomatology and histopathological diagnosis were evaluated...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184834/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-upper-middle-class-toward-the-importance-of-a-pediatric-dentist
#11
Gunmeen Sadana, Satinder Walia, Hashmit Kaur Rai, Neha Aggarwal, Ankita Bhargava
Aims and Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of upper middle class toward the importance of a pediatric dentist in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the parents of children belonging to upper middle class in the city of Amritsar. This proposed study was assessed by the Institutional Ethical Committee (531/IDSR/2016) and their clearance was attained...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179363/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#12
(no author information available yet)
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179345/policy-on-the-role-of-pediatric-dentists-as-both-primary-and-specialty-care-providers
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139565/leukocyte-adhesion-defect-i-rare-primary-immune-deficiency
#14
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Vikender Singh Yadav, Prabhat Chaudhari
Leukocyte adhesion defect I is a rare disorder (1:1,000,000) caused by diminished expression of CD-18 β2 integrins on leukocytes leading to abnormal adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis. Clinical manifestations include delayed separation of umbilical cord, omphalitis, recurrent severe infections, impaired wound healing, persistent oral ulcers, and severe periodontitis in primary and permanent dentition. A 5-year-old girl, second-born child to parents with consanguinity, presented with pain and mobility of lower teeth...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122068/prescription-of-panoramic-radiographs-in-children-a-health-services-assessment-of-current-guidelines
#15
Juan F Yepes, Elizabeth Powers, Tim Downey, George J Eckert, Qing Tang, LaQuia Vinson, Gerardo Maupomé
PURPOSE: To (1) determine adherence to guidelines when prescribing panoramic radiographs (PR) for patients 18 y.o. and younger; and 2) compare PR prescriptions between general dentists (GPs) and pediatric dentists (PDs). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of insurance claims included codes for PRs and associated codes for two cities between 2008 and 2015. Chi-square tests ascertained the likelihood of a PR being associated within three days of routine exams. RESULTS: A total of 81,699 pediatric patients were seen by 2,077 GPs and 103 PDs...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122066/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#16
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099362/oral-manifestations-of-systemic-disease
#17
Heidi L Gaddey
On examination, the oral cavity may exhibit manifestations of underlying systemic disease and serve as an indicator of overall health. Systemic diseases with oral findings include autoimmune, hematologic, endocrine, and neoplastic processes. Autoimmune disease may manifest as oral ulcerations, changes in the salivary and parotid glands, and changes in the tongue. Patients with hematologic illnesses may present with gingival bleeding or tongue changes such as glossitis, depending on the etiology. Oral changes associated with endocrine illness are variable and depend on the underlying condition...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070162/pediatric-dentists-attitudes-perceptions-and-experience-with-the-affordable-care-act
#18
Scott B Schwartz, Jessica Y Lee, Paul S Casamassimo, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: Pediatric oral health benefits were designated as one of 10 Essential Health Benefits (EHB) in the Affordable Care Act. Although it provided coverage for many children, several issues prevent its success. The purpose of this study was to document experience with, attitudes toward, and perceptions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) among pediatric dentists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a survey consisting of nine multiple choice questions and one open-ended item and was distributed electronically in November 2015 to active and life members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070161/hpv-vaccination-and-the-role-of-the-pediatric-dentist-survey-of-graduate-program-directors
#19
Yoshita Patel Hosking, David Cappelli, Kevin Donly, Spencer Redding
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to evaluate what is currently being taught in graduate pediatric dental programs regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV), the HPV vaccine, and risk factors associated with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS: A 42-question survey was administered via paper-and-pen survey instrument to attendees at the 2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) annual meeting for graduate and associate program directors. The survey included questions evaluating attitudes/beliefs toward the HPV vaccine and current training in graduate pediatric dentistry programs and aimed to define whether the directors believe that the discussion of HPV vaccination and associated risk factors was within the scope of practice for pediatric dentists...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070157/academic-pediatric-dentistry-is-a-rewarding-financially-viable-career-path
#20
Janice A Townsend, Donald L Chi
Newly graduated pediatric dentists have unprecedented levels of debt. High levels of student debt may be perceived as an obstacle to pursue an academic career. However, opportunities exist through faculty compensation models and loan repayment programs that make an academic career financially viable. The purpose of this paper is to outline the benefits of a career in academic dentistry and provide examples of young pediatric dentistry faculty members who have been able to manage student debt while pursuing meaningful and rewarding careers...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
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