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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425922/detailed-follow-up-study-of-pediatric-orofacial-granulomatosis-patients
#1
Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Ulla Saarnisto, Jetta Tuokkola, Tarja Ruuska, Taina Sipponen, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the orofacial area. Its connection to Crohn's disease (CD) is debated. Our aim was to describe a cohort of pediatric OFG patients in detail, study the long-term behavior of OFG and evaluate factors predicting CD in OFG patients. METHODS: We invited patients diagnosed with OFG at two university hospitals, Finland for a follow-up appointment. Patients (n = 29) were examined by a dentist and an otorhinolaryngologist using a structural schema...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422598/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#2
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422593/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-investigation-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-ii-biostatistical-methods
#3
Amaury Pozos-Guillén, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel
The main purpose of the second part of this series was to provide the reader with some basic aspects of the most common biostatistical methods employed in health sciences, in order to better understand the validity, significance and reliability of the results from any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, as mentioned in the first paper, Pediatric Dentists need basic biostatistical knowledge to be able to apply it when critically appraise a dental article during the Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD) process, or when participating in the development of a clinical study with dental pediatric patients...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399933/intranasal-sedation-using-ketamine-and-midazolam-for-pediatric-dental-treatment-naso-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Heloisa Sousa Gomes, Analya Rodrigues Miranda, Karolline Alves Viana, Aline Carvalho Batista, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Anelise Daher, Geovanna de Castro Morais Machado, Joji Sado-Filho, Liliani Aires Candido Vieira, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Marie Therese Hosey, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Uncooperative children may need to receive dental treatment under sedation, which is indicated when nonpharmacological behavior guidance is unsuccessful. There are randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different sedative protocols for dental procedures; however, the evidence for superiority of one form over another is weak. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of intranasally administered ketamine plus midazolam for the dental treatment of children...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397938/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-children-dental-considerations
#5
Fares S Al-Sehaibany
As of January 2016, 1,633 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and 587 MERS-related deaths have been reported by the World Health Organization globally. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus  may occur sporadically in communities or may be transmitted within families or hospitals. The number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases among healthcare workers has been increasing. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus may also spread through aerosols generated during various dental treatments, resulting in transmission between patients and dentists...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390460/dental-emergency-practice-characteristics-among-north-carolina-pediatric-and-general-dentists
#6
Erica A Brecher, Martha Ann Keels, Rocio B Quiñonez, Michael W Roberts, William Clay Bordley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess after-hours practice characteristics of pediatric dentists (PDs) and general dentists (GDs) and determine how patients-of-record obtain after-hours emergency dental care. METHODS: A 29-item survey was electronically distributed to PDs and GDs in North Carolina in September 2014. Demographics and after-hours emergency practice characteristics were assessed. Survey respondents were subsequently called after-hours to validate reported after-hours emergency protocol...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377667/esthetic-rehabilitation-of-primary-anterior-teeth-using-temporization-material-a-novel-approach
#7
Neeraj Gugnani, I K Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of "strip crowns" with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preve-neered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377666/unique-approach-to-dental-management-of-children-with-hearing-impairment
#8
Navanith Renahan, R Balagopal Varma, Parvathy Kumaran, Arun M Xavier
The number of deaf children has dramatically increased in the past few decades. These children present to the pediatric dentist a unique set of challenges mostly pertaining to the establishment of communication with them. There have been very few attempts in the past to break down these challenges and formulate a strategy on how to manage them effectively. This is a case report of a child who was successfully managed using two different modes of communication. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages are mentioned, and a common strategy incorporating the positives of both the methods has been devised...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377646/factors-predicting-behavior-management-problems-during-initial-dental-examination-in-children-aged-2-to-8-years
#9
Arun Sharma, Dipanshu Kumar, Ashish Anand, Vipula Mittal, Aparna Singh, Nidhi Aggarwal
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify the various background variables and its influence on behavior management problems (BMP) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 165 children aged 2 to 8 years. During the initial dental visit, an experienced operator obtained each child's background variables from accompanying guardians using a standardized questionnaire. Children's dental behavior was rated by Frankel behavior rating scale. The behavior was then analyzed in relation to the answers of the questionnaire, and a logistic regression model was used to determine the power of the variables, separately or combined, to predict BMP...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365607/do-standard-bibliometric-measures-correlate-with-academic-rank-of-full-time-pediatric-dentistry-faculty-members
#10
Harlyn K Susarla, Vineet Dhar, Nadeem Y Karimbux, Norman Tinanoff
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the relationship between quantitative measures of research productivity and academic rank for full-time pediatric dentistry faculty members in accredited U.S. and Canadian residency programs. For each pediatric dentist in the study group, academic rank and bibliometric factors derived from publicly available databases were recorded. Academic ranks were lecturer/instructor, assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. Bibliometric factors were mean total number of publications, mean total number of citations, maximum number of citations for a single work, and h-index (a measure of the impact of publications, determined by total number of publications h that had at least h citations each)...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358619/estimating-demand-for-and-supply-of-pediatric-preventive-dental-care-for-children-and-identifying-dental-care-shortage-areas-georgia-2015
#11
Shanshan Cao, Monica Gentili, Paul M Griffin, Susan O Griffin, Pravara Harati, Ben Johnson, Nicoleta Serban, Scott Tomar
OBJECTIVES: Demand for dental care is expected to outpace supply through 2025. The objectives of this study were to determine the extent of pediatric dental care shortages in Georgia and to develop a general method for estimation that can be applied to other states. METHODS: We estimated supply and demand for pediatric preventive dental care for the 159 counties in Georgia in 2015. We compared pediatric preventive dental care shortage areas (where demand exceeded twice the supply) designated by our methods with dental health professional shortage areas designated by the Health Resources & Services Administration...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349909/cariogenic-potential-of-the-commonly-prescribed-pediatric-liquid-medicaments-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Megha Gupta, Suman Panda
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the cariogenic potential of the commonly prescribed pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) for dental disease in Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven most commonly prescribed PLMs were selected by prior questioning the pediatric dentists as well as general dentists in Jazan region. The endogenous pH and sucrose concentrations of the liquid medicaments were assessed. The endogenous pH was assessed by Hanna pH meter instrument...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292335/stevens-johnson-syndrome-a-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#13
Roopa P Gandhi, Ulrich Klein
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare condition, characterized by its dramatic involvement of the skin and various mucosal surfaces including the oral mucosae, that severely impairs the affected patient's ability to speak, chew, or swallow. The purpose of this report was to present two cases with significant variations in the clinical presentation of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. In both situations, the patients' conditions were not immediately recognized. Pediatric dentists should be aware of these variations in the clinical manifestations of SJS, as the signs and symptoms can initially mimic common viral conditions...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288291/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-research-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-i-basic-concepts
#14
J A Garrocho-Rangel, M S Ruiz-Rodríguez, A J Pozos-Guillén
The purpose of this report was to provide the reader with some basic concepts in order to better understand the significance and reliability of the results of any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, Pediatric Dentists need the best evidence available in the literature on which to base their diagnoses and treatment decisions for the children's oral care. Basic understanding of Biostatistics plays an important role during the entire Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBD) process. This report describes Biostatistics fundamentals in order to introduce the basic concepts used in statistics, such as summary measures, estimation, hypothesis testing, effect size, level of significance, p value, confidence intervals, etc...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281956/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-iii-preferred-level-of-participation-in-decision-making
#15
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess Canadian and American pediatric dentists' preferred level of participation in clinical decision-making. METHODS: A web-based survey was used to collect the opinions of all active Royal College of Dentists of Canada members and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth (n equals 4,648; 19.3 percent response rate). The main survey also included a domain to elicit participants' preferred role in clinical decision-making, ranging from an active role (the dentist takes the primary role in decision-making while considering patients/caregivers opinions) to a passive role (the dentist prefers to have the patient guide the decision-making)...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281955/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-ii-rubber-dam-isolation
#16
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess usage, indications, and contraindications for rubber dam isolation (RDI) by pediatric dentists in Canada and the United States. METHODS: A cross-sectional, web-based, self-administered survey was utilized to collect the opinions of all active pediatric dentist members of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth (n equals 4,648; 19...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281954/an-assessment-of-direct-restorative-material-use-in-posterior-teeth-by-american-and-canadian-pediatric-dentists-i-material-choice
#17
Rae E Varughese, Paul Andrews, Michael J Sigal, Amir Azarpazhooh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the preferences of pediatric dentists in Canada and the United States about clinical decision-making related to the placement of direct restorative materials. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey was used to collect the preference of all active pediatric members of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry on the use of direct restorative materials in posterior teeth in healthy, developmentally delayed (DD), and medically compromised (MC) children...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253187/pediatric-dentists-perspective-of-general-dentists-role-in-treating-children-aged-0-3-years
#18
Julie M Coe, Shinjni Razdan, Al M Best, Tegwyn H Brickhouse
This study examined pediatric dentists' perspectives on the types of dental services general dentists provide to children who are 0-3 years old. A web-based survey was sent to 5185 pediatric dentists and 769 (14.8%) responded. Among the respondents, 58% agreed with general dentists' providing an age 1 dental visit. Only 24% agreed with general dentists' performing complex behavior management techniques, such as sedation, to patients aged 0-3 years. Those respondents who taught pediatric dentistry full time were more likely to agree with general dentists' providing an age 1 dental visit (P = 0...
March 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206895/evaluation-of-current-screening-and-treatment-patterns-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-practicing-pediatric-dentists-in-the-united-states-a-pilot-study
#19
John Keating, Jae Hyun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evaluation of educational experience, screening, referral, and treatment patterns by pediatric dentists in the United States with regards to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: A twenty-six question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed using SurveyMonkey software. It was distributed to the 6,017 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members, garnering a response rate of 7...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141725/acute-agitation-and-self-injury-in-a-5-year-old-with-autism
#20
Jason Schweitzer, Christine James, Willough Jenkins, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
A 5-year-old nonverbal child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was admitted to inpatient pediatrics with new onset agitation and self-injurious behavior. His parents described him as a pleasant child without previous episodes of self-injury. Four days before admission, the parents noted new irritability followed by 2 days of self-injury to the face without clear precipitant. His hitting intensified with closed fist to face, and he required parental physical restraint to prevent further injury. Car rides and ibuprofen provided only temporary relief...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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