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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#1
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583244/association-between-childhood-traumatic-stress-and-behavior-in-the-pediatric-dental-clinic
#2
Serena Mitchual, Marcio A da Fonseca, Sheela Raja, Darien Weatherspoon, Anne Koerber
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between a history of potentially traumatic events (PTE) and a child's behavior during dental treatment. METHODS: Parents of healthy children, age four years and older and attending their initial dental appointment at a university pediatric dental clinic, were asked to complete the Traumatic Events Screening Inventory-Parent Report Revised and a demographic survey. Following the dental appointment, a pediatric dental resident reported the child's behavior using the Frankl scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577633/prenatal-maternal-factors-intergenerational-transmission-of-disease-and-child-oral-health-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Tracy L Finlayson, Aarti Gupta, Francisco J Ramos-Gomez
This article reviews maternal prenatal risk factors for caries in children and intergenerational transmission of caries, emphasizing early interventions for pregnant women and mother-infant pairs. A growing body of evidence focuses on maternal interventions. Studies suggest that early prenatal clinical and educational interventions are effective at reducing mother-child mutans streptococci (MS) transmission and delaying colonization and caries in young children. Dental screenings and anticipatory guidance about maternal and infant oral health should be included in prenatal care and pediatric well visits...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572410/an-innovative-comprehensive-faculty-recruitment-and-development-program-at-one-u-s-dental-school-early-results
#4
Emily Sabato, Jeanette E DeCastro, Kim Fenesy
Dental faculty recruitment and development are critical to replenish and cultivate sufficient and adequately prepared educators to educate future generations of dentists. At Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, the From Practice to Preceptor (FP2P) program, now in the last of its five years of funding from the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), has an overall aim of recruiting, training, and retaining a diverse and well-prepared dental faculty workforce. The FP2P program introduced novel methods for recruiting and preparing new faculty members since its goal is to help participants transition from being practicing dentists to becoming part- or full-time faculty members...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492186/recent-research-trends-in-dentistry
#5
REVIEW
Shobha Tandon, Annapurny Venkiteswaran, Sudhindra M Baliga, Ullal Anand Nayak
Research being an investigative process is employed to increase or revise the current knowledge. Scientific research involves the conduct of a methodical study to prove a hypothesis or give an answer to a specific question with the main aim of finding definitive answer. This paper aims to advance knowledge of research and develop interest in the postgraduate students. It also throws light on the existing and emerging research strengths within a "high-performance culture." The trends in dental research worldwide are looked at, in particular, a comparison between the publication status in two countries, namely India and Australia...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490845/a-survey-of-pediatric-dentists-caries-related-treatment-decisions-and-restorative-modalities-a-web-based-survey
#6
Hassan S Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
OBJECTIVE: To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425922/detailed-follow-up-study-of-pediatric-orofacial-granulomatosis-patients
#7
Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Ulla Saarnisto, Jetta Tuokkola, Tarja Ruuska, Taina Sipponen, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the orofacial area. Its connection to Crohn's disease (CD) is debated. Our aim was to describe a cohort of pediatric OFG patients in detail, study the long-term behavior of OFG and evaluate factors predicting CD in OFG patients. METHODS: We invited patients diagnosed with OFG at two university hospitals, Finland for a follow-up appointment. Patients (n = 29) were examined by a dentist and an otorhinolaryngologist using a structural schema...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422598/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#8
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422593/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-investigation-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-ii-biostatistical-methods
#9
Amaury Pozos-Guillén, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel
The main purpose of the second part of this series was to provide the reader with some basic aspects of the most common biostatistical methods employed in health sciences, in order to better understand the validity, significance and reliability of the results from any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, as mentioned in the first paper, Pediatric Dentists need basic biostatistical knowledge to be able to apply it when critically appraise a dental article during the Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD) process, or when participating in the development of a clinical study with dental pediatric patients...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399933/intranasal-sedation-using-ketamine-and-midazolam-for-pediatric-dental-treatment-naso-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Heloisa Sousa Gomes, Analya Rodrigues Miranda, Karolline Alves Viana, Aline Carvalho Batista, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Anelise Daher, Geovanna de Castro Morais Machado, Joji Sado-Filho, Liliani Aires Candido Vieira, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Marie Therese Hosey, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Uncooperative children may need to receive dental treatment under sedation, which is indicated when nonpharmacological behavior guidance is unsuccessful. There are randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different sedative protocols for dental procedures; however, the evidence for superiority of one form over another is weak. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of intranasally administered ketamine plus midazolam for the dental treatment of children...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397938/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-children-dental-considerations
#11
Fares S Al-Sehaibany
As of January 2016, 1,633 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and 587 MERS-related deaths have been reported by the World Health Organization globally. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus  may occur sporadically in communities or may be transmitted within families or hospitals. The number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases among healthcare workers has been increasing. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus may also spread through aerosols generated during various dental treatments, resulting in transmission between patients and dentists...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390460/dental-emergency-practice-characteristics-among-north-carolina-pediatric-and-general-dentists
#12
Erica A Brecher, Martha Ann Keels, Rocio B Quiñonez, Michael W Roberts, William Clay Bordley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess after-hours practice characteristics of pediatric dentists (PDs) and general dentists (GDs) and determine how patients-of-record obtain after-hours emergency dental care. METHODS: A 29-item survey was electronically distributed to PDs and GDs in North Carolina in September 2014. Demographics and after-hours emergency practice characteristics were assessed. Survey respondents were subsequently called after-hours to validate reported after-hours emergency protocol...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377667/esthetic-rehabilitation-of-primary-anterior-teeth-using-temporization-material-a-novel-approach
#13
Neeraj Gugnani, I K Pandit, Monika Gupta, Jyoti Nagpal
Pediatric dentists should always aim for esthetic and functional rehabilitation of decayed/traumatized primary teeth. The most common method for restoring such teeth involves the use of "strip crowns" with composites, while the recent trend is toward using other extracoronal restorations including preve-neered stainless steel crowns and zirconia crowns. All these restorative options have shown good success rates, but also have some limitations. This case series depicts novel clinical technique of using a temporization material for full-coronal restoration(s) in primary anterior teeth...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377666/unique-approach-to-dental-management-of-children-with-hearing-impairment
#14
Navanith Renahan, R Balagopal Varma, Parvathy Kumaran, Arun M Xavier
The number of deaf children has dramatically increased in the past few decades. These children present to the pediatric dentist a unique set of challenges mostly pertaining to the establishment of communication with them. There have been very few attempts in the past to break down these challenges and formulate a strategy on how to manage them effectively. This is a case report of a child who was successfully managed using two different modes of communication. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages are mentioned, and a common strategy incorporating the positives of both the methods has been devised...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377646/factors-predicting-behavior-management-problems-during-initial-dental-examination-in-children-aged-2-to-8-years
#15
Arun Sharma, Dipanshu Kumar, Ashish Anand, Vipula Mittal, Aparna Singh, Nidhi Aggarwal
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify the various background variables and its influence on behavior management problems (BMP) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 165 children aged 2 to 8 years. During the initial dental visit, an experienced operator obtained each child's background variables from accompanying guardians using a standardized questionnaire. Children's dental behavior was rated by Frankel behavior rating scale. The behavior was then analyzed in relation to the answers of the questionnaire, and a logistic regression model was used to determine the power of the variables, separately or combined, to predict BMP...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365607/do-standard-bibliometric-measures-correlate-with-academic-rank-of-full-time-pediatric-dentistry-faculty-members
#16
Harlyn K Susarla, Vineet Dhar, Nadeem Y Karimbux, Norman Tinanoff
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the relationship between quantitative measures of research productivity and academic rank for full-time pediatric dentistry faculty members in accredited U.S. and Canadian residency programs. For each pediatric dentist in the study group, academic rank and bibliometric factors derived from publicly available databases were recorded. Academic ranks were lecturer/instructor, assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. Bibliometric factors were mean total number of publications, mean total number of citations, maximum number of citations for a single work, and h-index (a measure of the impact of publications, determined by total number of publications h that had at least h citations each)...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358619/estimating-demand-for-and-supply-of-pediatric-preventive-dental-care-for-children-and-identifying-dental-care-shortage-areas-georgia-2015
#17
Shanshan Cao, Monica Gentili, Paul M Griffin, Susan O Griffin, Pravara Harati, Ben Johnson, Nicoleta Serban, Scott Tomar
OBJECTIVES: Demand for dental care is expected to outpace supply through 2025. The objectives of this study were to determine the extent of pediatric dental care shortages in Georgia and to develop a general method for estimation that can be applied to other states. METHODS: We estimated supply and demand for pediatric preventive dental care for the 159 counties in Georgia in 2015. We compared pediatric preventive dental care shortage areas (where demand exceeded twice the supply) designated by our methods with dental health professional shortage areas designated by the Health Resources & Services Administration...
May 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349909/cariogenic-potential-of-the-commonly-prescribed-pediatric-liquid-medicaments-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-an-in-vitro-study
#18
Megha Gupta, Suman Panda
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the cariogenic potential of the commonly prescribed pediatric liquid medicaments (PLMs) for dental disease in Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven most commonly prescribed PLMs were selected by prior questioning the pediatric dentists as well as general dentists in Jazan region. The endogenous pH and sucrose concentrations of the liquid medicaments were assessed. The endogenous pH was assessed by Hanna pH meter instrument...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292335/stevens-johnson-syndrome-a-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#19
Roopa P Gandhi, Ulrich Klein
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare condition, characterized by its dramatic involvement of the skin and various mucosal surfaces including the oral mucosae, that severely impairs the affected patient's ability to speak, chew, or swallow. The purpose of this report was to present two cases with significant variations in the clinical presentation of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. In both situations, the patients' conditions were not immediately recognized. Pediatric dentists should be aware of these variations in the clinical manifestations of SJS, as the signs and symptoms can initially mimic common viral conditions...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288291/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-research-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-i-basic-concepts
#20
J A Garrocho-Rangel, M S Ruiz-Rodríguez, A J Pozos-Guillén
The purpose of this report was to provide the reader with some basic concepts in order to better understand the significance and reliability of the results of any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, Pediatric Dentists need the best evidence available in the literature on which to base their diagnoses and treatment decisions for the children's oral care. Basic understanding of Biostatistics plays an important role during the entire Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBD) process. This report describes Biostatistics fundamentals in order to introduce the basic concepts used in statistics, such as summary measures, estimation, hypothesis testing, effect size, level of significance, p value, confidence intervals, etc...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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