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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224821/a-multicenter-study-of-malignant-oral-and-maxillofacial-lesions-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Leni Verônica de Oliveira Silva, Camila de Nazaré Alves de Oliveira Kato, Lauren Frenzel Schuch, Aline Carvalho Batista, Nádia Lago Costa, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Elena Riet Correa Rivero, Vinícius Coelho Carrard, Manoela Domingues Martins, Ana Paula Veras Sobral, Ricardo Alves Mesquita
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency of malignant oral and maxillofacial lesions among children and adolescents from representative geographic regions of Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on biopsies obtained from 1990 to 2016 at six Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology referral centers. A total of 85,105 biopsy specimens from children and adolescents were analyzed. Gender, age, anatomical location, symptomatology and histopathological diagnosis were evaluated...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184834/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-upper-middle-class-toward-the-importance-of-a-pediatric-dentist
#2
Gunmeen Sadana, Satinder Walia, Hashmit Kaur Rai, Neha Aggarwal, Ankita Bhargava
Aims and Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of upper middle class toward the importance of a pediatric dentist in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the parents of children belonging to upper middle class in the city of Amritsar. This proposed study was assessed by the Institutional Ethical Committee (531/IDSR/2016) and their clearance was attained...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179363/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#3
(no author information available yet)
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179345/policy-on-the-role-of-pediatric-dentists-as-both-primary-and-specialty-care-providers
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139565/leukocyte-adhesion-defect-i-rare-primary-immune-deficiency
#5
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Vikender Singh Yadav, Prabhat Chaudhari
Leukocyte adhesion defect I is a rare disorder (1:1,000,000) caused by diminished expression of CD-18 β2 integrins on leukocytes leading to abnormal adhesion, migration, and chemotaxis. Clinical manifestations include delayed separation of umbilical cord, omphalitis, recurrent severe infections, impaired wound healing, persistent oral ulcers, and severe periodontitis in primary and permanent dentition. A 5-year-old girl, second-born child to parents with consanguinity, presented with pain and mobility of lower teeth...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122068/prescription-of-panoramic-radiographs-in-children-a-health-services-assessment-of-current-guidelines
#6
Juan F Yepes, Elizabeth Powers, Tim Downey, George J Eckert, Qing Tang, LaQuia Vinson, Gerardo Maupomé
PURPOSE: To (1) determine adherence to guidelines when prescribing panoramic radiographs (PR) for patients 18 y.o. and younger; and 2) compare PR prescriptions between general dentists (GPs) and pediatric dentists (PDs). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of insurance claims included codes for PRs and associated codes for two cities between 2008 and 2015. Chi-square tests ascertained the likelihood of a PR being associated within three days of routine exams. RESULTS: A total of 81,699 pediatric patients were seen by 2,077 GPs and 103 PDs...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122066/oral-and-dental-aspects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect
#7
Susan A Fisher-Owens, James L Lukefahr, Anupama Rao Tate
In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099362/oral-manifestations-of-systemic-disease
#8
Heidi L Gaddey
On examination, the oral cavity may exhibit manifestations of underlying systemic disease and serve as an indicator of overall health. Systemic diseases with oral findings include autoimmune, hematologic, endocrine, and neoplastic processes. Autoimmune disease may manifest as oral ulcerations, changes in the salivary and parotid glands, and changes in the tongue. Patients with hematologic illnesses may present with gingival bleeding or tongue changes such as glossitis, depending on the etiology. Oral changes associated with endocrine illness are variable and depend on the underlying condition...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070162/pediatric-dentists-attitudes-perceptions-and-experience-with-the-affordable-care-act
#9
Scott B Schwartz, Jessica Y Lee, Paul S Casamassimo, Paul Reggiardo, Robin Wright, C Scott Litch
PURPOSE: Pediatric oral health benefits were designated as one of 10 Essential Health Benefits (EHB) in the Affordable Care Act. Although it provided coverage for many children, several issues prevent its success. The purpose of this study was to document experience with, attitudes toward, and perceptions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) among pediatric dentists. METHODS: The study was conducted using a survey consisting of nine multiple choice questions and one open-ended item and was distributed electronically in November 2015 to active and life members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070161/hpv-vaccination-and-the-role-of-the-pediatric-dentist-survey-of-graduate-program-directors
#10
Yoshita Patel Hosking, David Cappelli, Kevin Donly, Spencer Redding
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to evaluate what is currently being taught in graduate pediatric dental programs regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV), the HPV vaccine, and risk factors associated with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS: A 42-question survey was administered via paper-and-pen survey instrument to attendees at the 2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) annual meeting for graduate and associate program directors. The survey included questions evaluating attitudes/beliefs toward the HPV vaccine and current training in graduate pediatric dentistry programs and aimed to define whether the directors believe that the discussion of HPV vaccination and associated risk factors was within the scope of practice for pediatric dentists...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070157/academic-pediatric-dentistry-is-a-rewarding-financially-viable-career-path
#11
Janice A Townsend, Donald L Chi
Newly graduated pediatric dentists have unprecedented levels of debt. High levels of student debt may be perceived as an obstacle to pursue an academic career. However, opportunities exist through faculty compensation models and loan repayment programs that make an academic career financially viable. The purpose of this paper is to outline the benefits of a career in academic dentistry and provide examples of young pediatric dentistry faculty members who have been able to manage student debt while pursuing meaningful and rewarding careers...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070156/born-into-addiction-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-pediatric-dentistry
#12
Jennifer L Cully
Drug overdose and opioid-involved deaths continue to increase across the United States. An end-condition related to opioid abuse is neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). The implications for pregnant or post-partum women using an opioid, whether prescribed or illicit, can have significant effects on their infant. First described in the 1970s, NAS is defined as a postnatal drug withdrawal syndrome that primarily occurs in opioid-exposed infants. There are no nationally accepted, evidence-based treatment protocols for these infants...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039639/orthodontic-services-provided-by-pediatric-dentists-in-california
#13
Brandon Gire, Thomas Tanbonliong, Richard Udin
A survey was conducted in 2013 to document trends in orthodontic treatment provided by members of the California Society of Pediatric Dentistry (CSPD). A 21-item survey was mailed to all active members of CSPD. Active members of CSPD spent less time and treated fewer orthodontic conditions in their practice.
November 2016: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034445/dental-prevention-and-disease-awareness-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Steffen Koerdt, Julia Hartz, Stefan Hollatz, Gesche Frohwitter, Marco R Kesting, Peter Ewert, Renate Oberhoffer, Herbert Deppe
OBJECTIVES: The importance of excellent oral health is known to be crucial in children with congenital heart diseases (CHD). Data about dental health and disease awareness is limited. This study aims to assess preventive measures taken to improve dental health in children with CHD and to gain insight into disease awareness and knowledge about the importance of oral health in children with CHD and to propose measures that could be taken. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parents of 150 children with CHD were asked to complete a questionnaire containing specific questions about the preventive measures taken by the parents and dental and medical practitioners and their knowledge about underlying disease and the importance of oral health...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990016/orthodontics-and-the-temporomandibular-joint-what-orthodontic-providers-need-to-know
#15
Charles S Greene, Maria Therese S Galang-Boquiren, Bo Yeon Bartilotta
Currently, there are three major groups of dentists who provide orthodontic services to the public: postgraduate trained orthodontists, postgraduate trained pediatric dentists, and general dentists who have taken various orthodontic training courses. All of them can expect to encounter a variety of clinical situations that require a proper understanding of how normal temporomandibular joints (TMJs) function, and also how the masticatory system can develop pain-dysfunction problems; those problems are classified and defined as temporomandibular disorders (TMDs)...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969655/four-level-evaluation-of-health-promotion-intervention-for-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Leila Basir, Bita Rasteh, Ali Montazeri, Marzieh Araban
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common dental disease among children, which can affect children's primary teeth during their teething. This study evaluates an intervention for preventing early childhood caries in a pediatric population in Ahvaz, Iran. METHOD: The population of this study (IRCT2017070210804N10) consists of 104 women with 12 to 36 months of age without dental caries referred to a health care center in Ahvaz, Iran. The children were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group in equal numbers...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#17
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937903/guiding-the-child-s-teeth-with-class-iii-dental-malocclusion-into-correct-occlusion-a-clinician-s-parenting
#18
A Kapur, H S Chawla, A Utreja, A Goyal
Pediatric dentists are often the first ones to be consulted for the presence of an anterior cross bite in the primary dentition. The condition requires an early interception to avoid progressive dentoalveolar and skeletal changes. The management, however, poses unique challenges in terms of young age of the child, correct choice of appliance and unpredictability of the response to treatment due to inability to ascertain the inherent growth potential. It is very important therefore for the specialist, to be able to recognize the early signs of a developing class III malocclusion tendency and also know the basic details of successful management of such cases...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937902/comparing-dental-stress-in-new-child-patients-and-returning-patients-using-salivary-cortisol-immunoglobulin-a-and-alpha-amylase
#19
Sumer M Alaki, Ayman Safi, Soliman Ouda, Alaa Nadhreen
OBJECTIVES: this study was aimed at comparing dental stress in children having their first dental visit to those returning for dental treatment using salivary biomarkers of stress including salivary cortisol (s-cortisol), Immunoglobulin-A (s-IgA) and alpha-amylase (s-α-amylase). Additionally, the study was aimed at monitoring the change in stress in new patients as they progressed from the waiting to the clinical areas. STUDY DESIGN: salivary samples were collected from 40 children who had not been to a dentist before and similar samples were collected from 40 children who were returning for completion of dental treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937890/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#20
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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