keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Harm reduction"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737352/-the-role-of-a-new-syringe-filter-in-harm-reduction-the-views-of-active-injection-drug-users
#1
Maitena Milhet, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
Reducing the risks associated with drug injection is a core component of the Drug Harm Reduction Policy. In France, this strategy was implemented in the context of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s. Unless appropriate hygienic precautions are taken, injecting drugs may cause infectious, bacterial or fungal diseases. French Health authorities promote the use of effective tools to help reduce the harm associated with drug injection. In this context, public authorities supported the evaluation of new drug injection paraphernalia...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735775/heroin-uncertainties-exploring-users-perceptions-of-fentanyl-adulterated-and-substituted-heroin
#2
Daniel Ciccarone, Jeff Ondocsin, Sarah G Mars
BACKGROUND: The US is experiencing an unprecedented opioid overdose epidemic fostered in recent years by regional contamination of the heroin supply with the fentanyl family of synthetic opioids. Since 2011 opioid-related overdose deaths in the East Coast state of Massachusetts have more than tripled, with 75% of the 1374 deaths with an available toxicology positive for fentanyl. Fentanyl is 30-50X more potent than heroin and its presence makes heroin use more unpredictable. A rapid ethnographic assessment was undertaken to understand the perceptions and experiences of people who inject drugs sold as 'heroin' and to observe the drugs and their use...
July 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735773/today-s-fentanyl-crisis-prohibition-s-iron-law-revisited
#3
Leo Beletsky, Corey S Davis
More than a decade in the making, America's opioid crisis has morphed from being driven by prescription drugs to one fuelled by heroin and, increasingly, fentanyl. Drawing on historical lessons of the era of National Alcohol Prohibition highlights the unintended, but predictable impact of supply-side interventions on the dynamics of illicit drug markets. Under the Iron Law of Prohibition, efforts to interrupt and suppress the illicit drug supply produce economic and logistical pressures favouring ever-more compact substitutes...
June 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734128/the-experience-of-initiating-injection-drug-use-and-its-social-context-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Andy Guise, Danielle Horyniak, Jason Melo, Ryan McNeill, Dan Werb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the experience of initiating injection drug use and its social contexts is crucial to inform efforts to prevent transitions into this mode of drug consumption and support harm reduction. We systematically reviewed and synthesized existing qualitative scientific literature to identify the socio-structural contexts for, and experiences of, the initiation of injection drug use. METHODS: We systematically searched six databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, CINAHL, IBSS, and SSCI), along with a manual search, including of key journals and subject experts...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732534/information-sought-information-shared-exploring-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-user-facilitated-harm-reduction-information-in-online-forums
#5
Boden Tighe, Matthew Dunn, Fiona H McKay, Timothy Piatkowski
BACKGROUND: There is good evidence to suggest that performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) use is increasing in Australia and that there is an increase in those using PIEDs who have never used another illicit substance. Peers have always been an important source of information in this group, though the rise of the Internet, and the increased use of Internet forums amongst substance consumers to share harm reduction information, means that PIED users may have access to a large array of views and opinions...
July 21, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732513/competing-for-space-in-an-already-crowded-market-a-mixed-methods-study-of-why-an-online-community-of-practice-cop-for-alcohol-harm-reduction-failed-to-generate-interest-amongst-the-group-of-public-health-professionals-at-which-it-was-aimed
#6
Ruth Ponsford, Jennifer Ford, Helena Korjonen, Emma Hughes, Asha Keswani, Triantafyllos Pliakas, Matt Egan
BACKGROUND: Improving mechanisms for knowledge translation (KT) and connecting decision-makers to each other and the information and evidence they consider relevant to their work remains a priority for public health. Virtual communities of practices (CoPs) potentially offer an affordable and flexible means of encouraging connection and sharing of evidence, information and learning among the public health community in ways that transgress traditional geographical, professional, institutional and time boundaries...
July 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718828/tobacco-harm-reduction-with-vaporised-nicotine-thrive-the-study-protocol-of-an-uncontrolled-feasibility-study-of-novel-nicotine-replacement-products-among-people-living-with-hiv-who-smoke
#7
Stephanie Bell, Judith Dean, Charles Gilks, Mark A Boyd, Lisa Fitzgerald, Allyson Mutch, Peter Baker, Graham Neilsen, Coral E Gartner
Smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have high rates of tobacco smoking. Vaporised nicotine products (VNPs) are growing in popularity as a quit aid and harm reduction tool. However, little is known about their acceptability and use among PLHIV. Using a pragmatic, uncontrolled, mixed methods design this exploratory clinical trial aims to examine the feasibility of conducting a powered randomised clinical trial of VNPs as a smoking cessation and harm reduction intervention among vulnerable populations, such as PLHIV who smoke tobacco...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708124/considerations-and-future-research-directions-for-e-cigarette-warnings-findings-from-expert-interviews
#8
Olivia A Wackowski, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Andrew A Strasser, Cristine D Delnevo
Tobacco warning labels are important sources of risk information but research historically has been cigarette-centric. This qualitative study aimed to inform future direction and research on warnings for e-cigarettes. Between June and August 2016, we conducted interviews with 10 researchers with expertise in tobacco warning label research. Interviewees were registrants of a 2016 National Cancer Institute grantee meeting on tobacco warnings. Several participants agreed that the Food and Drug Administration's new nicotine addiction warning for e-cigarettes could be informative but that it might not resonate with young people...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701904/medical-and-behavioral-approaches-to-engage-people-who-inject-drugs-into-care-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#9
Stevan A Gonzalez, Daniel S Fierer, Andrew H Talal
Direct-acting antivirals for hepatitis C virus infection may revolutionize treatment among persons with substance use disorders. Despite persons with substance use disorders having the highest hepatitis C virus prevalence and incidence, the vast majority have not engaged into care for the infection. Previously, interferon-based treatments, with substantial side effects and the propensity to exacerbate mental health conditions, were major disincentives to pursuit of care for the infection. Direct-acting antivirals with viral eradication rates of >90%, significantly improved side effect profiles, and shorter treatment duration are dramatic improvements over prior treatment regimens that should promote widespread hepatitis C virus care among persons with substance use disorders...
June 2017: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693371/who-is-molly-mdma-adulterants-by-product-name-and-the-impact-of-harm-reduction-services-at-raves
#10
Sarah Saleemi, Steven J Pennybaker, Missi Wooldridge, Matthew W Johnson
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), often sold as 'Ecstasy' or 'Molly', is commonly used at music festivals and reported to be responsible for an increase in deaths over the last decade. Ecstasy is often adulterated and contains compounds that increase morbidity and mortality. While users and clinicians commonly assume that products sold as Molly are less-adulterated MDMA products, this has not been tested. Additionally, while pill-testing services are sometimes available at raves, the assumption that these services decrease risky drug use has not been studied...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692704/oral-cancer-via-the-bargain-bin-the-risk-of-oral-cancer-associated-with-a-smokeless-tobacco-product-naswar
#11
Zohaib Khan, Steffen Dreger, Syed Majid Hussain Shah, Hermann Pohlabeln, Sheraz Khan, Zakir Ullah, Basheer Rehman, Hajo Zeeb
In the wake of smokeless tobacco (SLT) being advocated as a mean of tobacco harm reduction, it is pertinent to establish individual health risks associated with each SLT product. This case-control study was aimed at assessing the risk of oral cancer associated with a smokeless tobacco product (Naswar). The study was conducted from September 2014 till May 2015 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Exposure and covariate information was collected through a structured questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) along with their 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691275/commentary-on-mcfall-et-al-2017-the-need-for-harm-reduction-interventions-that-are-effective-for-women-who-use-drugs
#12
Gregory Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688031/remaining-gap-in-hiv-testing-uptake-among-female-sex-workers-in-iran
#13
Mostafa Shokoohi, Atefeh Noori, Mohammad Karamouzian, Hamid Sharifi, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Noushin Fahimfar, Samira Hosseini-Hooshyar, Parvin Afsar Kazerooni, Ali Mirzazadeh
We estimated the prevalence of recent HIV testing (i.e., having an HIV test during the last 12 months and knew the results) among 1295 HIV-negative Iranian female sex workers (FSW) in 2015. Overall, 70.4% (95% confidence intervals: 59.6, 79.3) of the participants reported a recent HIV testing. Concerns about their HIV status (83.2%) was reported as the most common reason for HIV testing. Incarceration history, having >5 paying partners, having >1 non-paying partner, receiving harm reduction services, utilizing healthcare services, and knowing an HIV testing site were significantly associated with recent HIV testing...
July 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679465/evaluation-of-australia
#14
Stephen J Bright, Cylie M Williams
The aim of the present case study was to evaluate the service-wide implementation of Australia's first older adult-specific early intervention called Older Wiser Lifestyles (OWL). OWL was designed to reduce alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm among people identified as being at risk. OWL used the Australian Alcohol-Related Problems Survey (A-ARPS) to classify people's drinking patterns as non-hazardous, hazardous or harmful. Participants of the present study were aged ≥60 years and consumed alcohol in the past month, although they did not require treatment for dependence...
July 6, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673201/health-and-budget-impact-of-combined-hiv-prevention-first-results-of-the-belhivprev-model
#15
Sebastian Vermeersch, Steven Callens, Stéphane De Wit, Jean-Christophe Goffard, Marie Laga, Dominique Van Beckhoven, Lieven Annemans
OBJECTIVES: We developed a pragmatic modelling approach to estimate the impact of treatment as prevention (TasP); outreach testing strategies; and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) on the epidemiology of HIV and its associated pharmaceutical expenses. METHODS: Our model estimates the incremental health (in terms of new HIV diagnoses) and budget impact of two prevention scenarios (outreach+TasP and outreach+TasP+PrEP) against a 'no additional prevention' scenario. Model parameters were estimated from reported Belgian epidemiology and literature data...
July 3, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668342/animal-house-university-risk-environments-and-the-regulation-of-students-alcohol-use
#16
Blair Wilkinson, Andrew Ivsins
BACKGROUND: This article extends the risk environment framework to understand the factors that universities identify as influencing university students' risky drinking behaviours and universities attempts at managing risky alcohol use on their campuses. METHODS: This article examines data collected as part of qualitative fieldwork on university corporate security services, and others involved in university alcohol policy implementation (e.g., residence services), conducted at five Canadian universities...
June 29, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666636/high-hepatitis-c-incidence-in-relation-to-prescription-opioid-injection-and-poly-drug-use-assessing-barriers-to-hepatitis-c-prevention
#17
Svetlana Puzhko, Élise Roy, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Andreea Adelina Artenie, Emmanuel Fortier, Geng Zang, Julie Bruneau
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid (PO) injection and poly-drug use have been associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among people who inject drugs (PWID). Poly-drug use is often a barrier to key HCV preventive programmes including opioid agonist treatment. The contribution of specific drug combinations to high HCV incidence in poly-drug users has not been assessed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap could enhance HCV treatment and prevention efforts. We examined the association between specific drugs and number of drugs used in addition to injected POs, and HCV seroconversion...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666635/initial-outcomes-of-integrated-community-based-hepatitis-c-treatment-for-people-who-inject-drugs-findings-from-the-queensland-injectors-health-network
#18
Leith Morris, Andrew Smirnov, Amanda Kvassay, Ellen Leslie, Rebecca Kavanagh, Nik Alexander, Geoff Davey, Owain Williams, Charles Gilks, Jake Najman
BACKGROUND: Integrated treatment and harm reduction services provide a unique opportunity to facilitate direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected people who inject drugs (PWID). We examine outcomes of community-based delivery of DAA therapy for PWID. METHODS: The Queensland Injectors' Health Network (QuIHN) is a community-based agency providing harm reduction and treatment services. Data (including current injecting, involvement in opioid substitution therapy and other treatment, level of case management support) for participants initiating DAA therapy were collected...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666203/understanding-experiences-of-and-rationales-for-sharing-crack-smoking-equipment-a-qualitative-study-with-persons-who-smoke-crack-in-montr%C3%A3-al
#19
Hélène Poliquin, Karine Bertrand, Jorge Flores-Aranda, Élise Roy
BACKGROUND: The distribution of safer crack-smoking equipment has been implemented in several Canadian cities to reduce potential health risks such as transmission of blood borne viruses (BBV). Little is known about the perspectives of persons who smoke crack (PWSC) on sharing crack-smoking materials or using in settings where safer crack-smoking equipment is provided. This paper presents data from the perspective of PWSC in Montréal on their experiences of, and rationales for, sharing crack-smoking equipment, in light of the risks of BBV transmission...
June 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662105/discrepancies-in-prevalence-trends-for-hiv-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-haiphong-vietnam-from-2007-to-2012
#20
Azumi Ishizaki, Vuong Thi Tran, Cuong Hung Nguyen, Tomoaki Tanimoto, Huyen Thi Thanh Hoang, Hung Viet Pham, Chung Thi Thu Phan, Xiuqiong Bi, Thuc Van Pham, Hiroshi Ichimura
We previously reported a significant reduction in the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) from 2007 to 2012 in people who inject drugs (PWID; 35.9% to 18.5%, p < 0.001) and female sex workers (FSW; 23.1% to 9.8%, p < 0.05), but not in blood donors (BD) or pregnant women, in Haiphong, Vietnam. Our aim in the present study was to assess trends in the prevalence of infection with hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV, respectively). We also investigated the coinfection rates of HBV and HCV with HIV in the same groups...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
46464
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"