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Nihad A Almasri, Robert J Palisano, Lin-Ju Kang
PURPOSE: To establish the construct validity and internal consistency of the Arabic Children Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and Preferences for Activities of Children (PAC) and to determine the effects of age, gender, and disability status on diversity and intensity of participation. METHODS: The World Health Organization guidelines for translation of measures were applied to translate the CAPE and PAC, 75 children with cerebral palsy (mean age = 10...
December 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Megan Towns, Peter Rosenbaum, Robert Palisano, F Virginia Wright
This literature review addressed four questions. (1) In which populations other than cerebral palsy (CP) has the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) been applied? (2) In what types of study, and why was it used? (3) How was it modified to facilitate these applications? (4) What justifications and evidence of psychometric adequacy were used to support its application? A search of PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase databases (January 1997 to April 2017) using the terms: 'GMFCS' OR 'Gross Motor Function Classification System' yielded 2499 articles...
November 5, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Mihee An, Robert J Palisano, Chung-Hwi Yi, Lisa A Chiarello, Carl J Dunst, Edward J Gracely
AIMS: To examine the effects of a four-step collaborative intervention process on parent and child outcomes and describe parents' and therapists' experiences. METHODS: Eighteen children with physical disabilities, their mothers, and 16 physical therapists participated. Therapists randomized to the experimental group were instructed in the collaborative intervention process. All family-therapist dyads participated in six weekly sessions. Outcomes included the adapted Family Empowerment Scale (FES) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 20, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Mohammed S Alghamdi, Lisa A Chiarello, Robert J Palisano, Sarah W McCoy
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of age, sex, gross motor, manual ability, and communication functions on the frequency and enjoyment of children's participation in family and recreational activities. The secondary aim was to determine the relationships between motor and communication functions and participation. METHODS: Participants were 694 children, 1.5-12 years old, with cerebral palsy (CP) and their parents across the US and Canada...
October 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Nihad A Almasri, Mihee An, Robert J Palisano
AIMS: Understanding parent perceptions of family-centered care (FCC) is important to improve processes and outcomes of children's services. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis of research on the Measures of Processes of Care (MPOC-20) were performed to determine the extent parents of children with physical disabilities perceive they received FCC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using four databases. A total of 129 studies were retrieved; 15 met the criteria for the synthesis...
July 28, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Francis X Hart, John R Palisano
The application of physiological strength electric fields may produce a wide range of effects on cells. The mechanisms by which cells detect the presence of these fields, however, are not fully understood. Previous experiments have shown that directionality of cells in the field is governed by an electromechanical mechanism in which the field exerts a torque on the negatively charged, inner glycocalyx that is then transmitted as a force on the cytoskeleton. This mechanism is similar to that by which cells detect fluid shear forces...
May 24, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
September 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
Christine Imms, Gillian King, Annette Majnemer, Lisa Avery, Lisa Chiarello, Robert Palisano, Margo Orlin, Mary Law
AIM: To examine participation-preference congruence, regional differences in participation-preference congruence, and predictors of whether children with cerebral palsy participate in preferred activities. METHOD: The sample (n=236) included 148 males and 88 females aged 10 to 13 years, living in Victoria, Australia (n=110), Ontario (n=80), or Quebec (n=46), Canada. Ninety-nine (41.9%) were classed at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level I; 89 (37...
April 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Robert J Palisano, Briano Di Rezze, Debra Stewart, Peter L Rosenbaum, Oksana Hlyva, Matthew Freeman, Tram Nguyen, Jan Willem Gorter
The life course health development (LCHD) model by Halfon et al. conceptualizes health development occurring through person-environment transactions that enable well-being and participation in desired social roles throughout life, areas that have not received adequate attention in healthcare. The aim of this 'perspectives' paper is to apply the six core tenets of the LCHD model and the concept of health development trajectories to individuals with lifelong neurodevelopmental conditions. We share the perspective that modifiable aspects of the environment often restrict health development; we then advocate that children, beginning at a young age, should engage in 'real-world' experiences that prepare them for current and future social roles...
May 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Robert J Palisano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Mohammed Saeed Alghamdi, Lisa Chiarello, Robert Palisano, Sarah McCoy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Robert J Palisano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Natalie V Scime, Doreen J Bartlett, Laura K Brunton, Robert J Palisano
AIMS: This study investigated the experiences and perceptions of parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) when classifying their children using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), and the Communication Function Classification System (CFCS). The second aim was to collate parents' recommendations for service providers on how to interact and communicate with families. METHODS: A purposive sample of seven parents participating in the On Track study was recruited...
August 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Lin-Ju Kang, Ai-Wen Hwang, Robert J Palisano, Gillian A King, Lisa A Chiarello, Chia-Ling Chen
PURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (APCP-C). METHOD: The APCP, a measure of participation in play, skill development, active physical, and social activities of preschool children, was translated into Traditional Chinese. Data on 94 Taiwanese children with physical disabilities aged 2 to 6 years were analyzed. RESULTS: Internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0...
April 8, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Marybeth Grant-Beuttler, Carolyn B Heriza, Robert J Palisano, Barbara Reddien Wagner, Debra P Miller, Andrew Karduna
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of musculoskeletal factors that influence supine kicking of infants born preterm has implications for early intervention. HYPOTHESES: Differences exist between infants born preterm and full-term in ankle kinematics during supine kicking, which are attributable to passive measures of the gastrocnemius/soleus (g/s) muscle tendon unit (MTU). SUBJECTS: Twenty infants born full-term and 22 born preterm were measured at term, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks of age...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
V Prakash, Anjali M Patel, K Hariohm, Robert J Palisano
AIM: Describe and compare the caregiver strain experienced among Indian mothers of children and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) living in low resource settings. METHODS: 62 consecutive children and young adults with spastic CP (mean age 6.0 ± 4.5, range 2-21) and their parents were recruited from an outpatient physiotherapy department for this cross-sectional study. Ability to walk was classified using the Gross Motor Function Classification System and mother's caregiver strain was measured using caregiver strain index (CSI)...
February 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Lisa A Chiarello, Doreen J Bartlett, Robert J Palisano, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Alyssa LaForme Fiss, Lynn Jeffries, Piotr Wilk
PURPOSE: To test a model of child, family and service determinants of participation in family and recreational activities for young children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Participants were a convenience sample of 429 children (242 males) with CP, aged 18 to 60 months, representing all levels of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Children were divided into two groups by GMFCS levels, levels I to II and levels III to V. Data on impairments and gross motor function were collected by therapists; parents provided information about children's health conditions and adaptive behaviour...
December 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mihee An, Robert J Palisano, Carl J Dunst, Lisa A Chiarello, Chung-Hwi Yi, Edward J Gracely
PURPOSE: Although research supports family-professional collaboration, challenges to implementation have been reported. The case reports describe the implementation of a 4-step practice model that incorporates specific strategies to facilitate family-professional collaboration. METHOD: The participants were two mothers of children with physical disabilities and two physical therapists. Therapists received instruction in the strategies for collaboration including client-centred interview, visualising a preferred future, scaling questions, and family routine and activity matrix...
September 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Denise M Begnoche, Lisa A Chiarello, Robert J Palisano, Edward J Gracely, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Margo N Orlin
BACKGROUND: The attainment of walking is a focus of physical therapy intervention in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and may affect their independence in mobility and participation in daily activities. However, knowledge of determinants of independent walking to guide physical therapists' decision making is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify child factors (postural control, reciprocal lower limb movement, functional strength, and motivation) and family factors (family support to child and support to family) that predict independent walking 1 year later in young children with CP at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels II and III...
February 2016: Physical Therapy
Kimberly D Ward, Lisa A Chiarello, Doreen J Bartlett, Robert J Palisano, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Lisa Avery
The Ease of Caregiving for Children is a parent-completed measure of how difficult it is for them to safely help their children participate in activities of daily living. The objectives of this study were to determine the internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and construct validity (known groups methods) of the Ease of Caregiving for Children and create an interval-level scale. Participants included 429 parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and 110 parents of children without motor delay. Children ranged in age from 18 to 60 months...
December 2014: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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