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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738402/biodistribution-of-liver-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-after-peripheral-injection-in-a-hemophilia-a-patient
#1
Etienne M Sokal, Catherine Anne Lombard, Véronique Roelants, Mustapha Najimi, Sharat Varma, Camillo Sargiacomo, Joachim Ravau, Giuseppe Mazza, François Jamar, Julia Versavau, Vanessa Jacobs, Marc Jacquemin, Stéphane Eeckhoudt, Catherine Lambert, Xavier Stéphenne, Françoise Smets, Cédric Hermans
BACKGROUND: With the exception of liver transplantation, there is no cure for hemophilia, which is currently managed by preemptive replacement therapy. Liver-derived stem cells are in clinical development for inborn and acquired liver diseases and could represent a curative treatment for hemophilia A. The liver is a major factor VIII (FVIII) synthesis site, and mesenchymal stem cells have been shown to control joint bleeding in animal models of hemophilia. Adult-derived human liver stem cells (ADHLSCs) have mesenchymal characteristics and have been shown able to engraft in and repopulate both animal and human livers...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733748/preoperative-botulinum-toxin-a-enabling-defect-closure-and-laparoscopic-repair-of-complex-ventral-hernia
#2
Omar Rodriguez-Acevedo, Kristen E Elstner, Anita S W Jacombs, John W Read, Rodrigo Tomazini Martins, Fernando Arduini, Michael Wehrhahm, Colette Craft, Peter H Cosman, Anthony N Dardano, Nabeel Ibrahim
INTRODUCTION: Operative management of complex ventral hernia still remains a significant challenge for surgeons. Closure of large defects in the unprepared abdomen has serious pathophysiological consequences due to chronic contraction and retraction of the lateral abdominal wall muscles. We report outcomes of 56 consecutive patients who had preoperative Botulinum toxin A (BTA) abdominal wall relaxation facilitating closure and repair. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of 56 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided BTA into the lateral abdominal oblique muscles prior to elective ventral hernia repair between November 2012 and January 2017...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732844/efficacy-and-safety-of-collagenase-treatment-for-dupuytren-s-disease-2-year-follow-up-results
#3
A Van Beeck, M Van den Broek, M Michielsen, K Didden, K Vuylsteke, F Verstreken
Dupuytren's contracture is a common hand problem that affects the palmar fascia. Several treatment options exist, but none are curative and recurrence is common. Bacterial collagenase has recently been proven beneficial for treating Dupuytren's disease, cleaving the collagen fibers at different sites, with weakening and eventually rupture of the fibrous cords after manipulation. An independent prospective follow-up study was organized on 87 patients, treated with one or more collagenase injections. Inclusion criteria were a contracture of at least 20° at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) or the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint...
July 18, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732152/secukinumab-in-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
M Abrouk, J Gandy, M Nakamura, K Lee, M Brodsky, R Singh, H Zhu, B Farahnik, T Bhutani, J Koo
While there are several commercially available treatment options for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, there remains a large number of individuals who are refractory to current modalities. In the recent past, there has been increasing evidence that interleukin (IL)-17 plays a vital role in the pathophysiology of psoriasis. Preclinical, phase II, and phase III studies of secukinumab (Cosentyx®) targeting IL-17 and its receptor have thus far proved to be promising. We reviewed the results of phase II and phase III clinical trials for secukinumab in the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis...
July 2017: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730139/gastric-hemangioma-treated-with-argon-plasma-coagulation-in-a-newborn-infant
#5
Young Ah Lee, Peter Chun, Eun Ha Hwang, Yeoun Joo Lee, Chang Won Kim, Jae Hong Park
Gastric hemangioma in the neonatal period is a very rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We present a case of hemangioma limited to the gastric cavity in a 10-day-old infant. A huge, erythematous mass with bleeding was observed on the lesser curvature side of the upper part of the stomach. Surgical resection was ruled out because the location of the lesion was too close to the gastroesophageal junction. Medical treatment with intravenous H2 blockers, octreotide, packed red blood cell infusions, local epinephrine injection at the lesion site, application of hemoclip, and gel-form embolization of the left gastric artery did not significantly alter the transfusion requirement...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727707/continuing-anti-thrombotic-medication-during-low-to-intermediate-risk-spinal-procedures-a-retrospective-evaluation
#6
Noud van Helmond, Wesley Day, Kenneth B Chapman
BACKGROUND: The current American Society of Regional Anesthesia (ASRA) guidelines recommend discontinuing anti-thrombotic therapy prior to any interventional spine procedures to decrease the incidence of bleeding complications. However, discontinuing anti-thrombotics may pose considerable danger in terms of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events. Recent evidence suggests that some spinal interventions may still be performed safely with anti-thrombotics on board and some practitioners thus elect to continue certain anti-thrombotics for these procedures...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726961/functional-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes-car-for-targeting-dopamine-delivery-into-the-brain-of-parkinsonian-mice
#7
Qing Guo, Huihui You, Xu Yang, Bencheng Lin, Zhihong Zhu, Zhisong Lu, Xiaoxiao Li, Yun Zhao, Lin Mao, Shiping Shen, Haoyan Cheng, Jiting Zhang, Lingfu Deng, Jianhua Fan, Zhuge Xi, Rui Li, Chang Ming Li
Current treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD) are limited, partly due to the difficulties posed by the blood brain barrier (BBB) when delivering drugs to the brain. Herein, we explore the feasibility and efficacy of functional single-walled carbon nanotubes 'CAR' (SWCNT-PEGs-Lf) which carry and target-deliver dopamine (DA) to the brain in PD mice for treatment. SWCNTs can penetrate the cell-membrane remarkably, with the characteristics including high drug-loading and pH-dependent therapeutic unloading capacities...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724566/bet-1-lidocaine-with-propofol-to-reduce-pain-on-injection
#8
Janos P Baombe, Laura Howard
A short review was carried out to see if mixing lidocaine with propofol is a safe and effective method in reducing the commonly reported pain at the injection site. Four relevant papers were found using the described search strategy. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. Although a promising idea, a paucity of good quality evidence suggests further needed research.
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708962/open-label-phase-i-clinical-trial-of-ad5-ebov-in-africans-in-china
#9
Lihua Wu, Zhe Zhang, Hainv Gao, Yuhua Li, Lihua Hou, Hangping Yao, Shipo Wu, Jian Liu, Ling Wang, You Zhai, Huilin Ou, Meihua Lin, Xiaoxin Wu, Jingjing Liu, Guanjing Lang, Qian Xin, Guolan Wu, Li Luo, Pei Liu, Jianzhong Shentu, Nanping Wu, Jifang Sheng, Yunqing Qiu, Wei Chen, Lanjuan Li
BACKGROUND: To determine the safety and immunogenicity of a novel recombinant adenovirus type 5 vector based Ebola virus disease vaccine (Ad5-EBOV) in Africans in China. METHODS: A phase 1, dose-escalation, open-label trial was conducted. 61 healthy Africans were sequentially enrolled, with 31 participants receiving one shot intramuscular injection and 30 participants receiving a double-shot regimen. Primary and secondary end points related to safety and immunogenicity were assessed within 28 days after vaccination...
July 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706565/once-daily-glatiramer-acetate-decreases-magnetic-resonance-imaging-disease-activity-in-japanese-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Takashi Yamamura, Natalia Ashtamker, David Ladkani, Toshiyuki Fukazawa, Hideki Houzen, Masami Tanaka, Toshiro Miura, Volker Knappertz
OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence, clinical patterns, and treatment responses vary between races and geographical latitudes. Glatiramer acetate (GA; Copaxone) has provided a safe, effective treatment option for relapsing-remitting MS patients in the USA, European nations, and other countries for decades. The objective of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of GA in reducing magnetic resonance imaging disease activity in Japanese patients with active relapsing-remitting MS...
May 2017: Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701892/a-pilot-study-of-post-operative-adjuvant-vaccine-for-advanced-gastric-cancer
#11
Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Keijiro Sugimura, Hiroshi Miyata, Takeshi Omori, Hiroyuki Nakano, Chie Mochizuki, Katsuji Shimizu, Hiroaki Saito, Keigo Ashida, Soichiro Honjyo, Yusuke Nakamura, Masahiko Yano
BACKGROUND: Previously, we had performed a clinical study using human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A24-binding peptide vaccines containing a combination of novel cancer-testis antigens and anti-angiogenic peptides derived from DEPDC1, URLC10, FOXM1, KIF20A and VEGFR1 for advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients who were refractory to chemotherapy. We applied the cocktail vaccine to the combination therapy with S-1 for patients with AGC as a post-operative adjuvant therapy and performed this clinical pilot study...
June 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700282/a-randomized-open-label-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-immunogenicity-and-safety-of-an-indigenously-developed-dtwp-hib-tetravalent-combination-vaccine-easyfour%C3%A2-tt-with-quadrovax%C3%A2-in-indian-infants
#12
Lalitendu Mohanty, Sunil Sharma, Beauty Behera, Sachin Panwar, Charu Paliwal, Anit Singh, Anu Gupta, Deepak Chandra Chilkoti
An open-label, randomized, multi-centre trial was conducted to compare the immunogenicity and safety of an indigenously developed tetravalent DTwP-Hib vaccine, Easyfour®-TT with a commercially available vaccine, Quadrovax®. A total of 244 infants in good health, aged 6-10 weeks, were randomised in a 1:1 allocation to receive three doses of the test or comparator vaccine. Immunogenicity of the vaccines was determined by measuring the baseline and post-vaccination antibody response against the vaccine antigens; safety was evaluated in terms of local and systemic reactions (solicited and unsolicited) reported during the trial...
July 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697661/safety-of-a-proteoliposome-from-neisseria-meningitides-as-adjuvant-for-a-house-dust-mite-allergy-vaccine
#13
Wendy Ramírez, Virgilio Bourg, Damaris Torralba, Elisa Facenda, Beatriz Tamargo, Bárbara O González, Gustavo Sierra, Oliver Pérez, Yordanis Perez-Llano, Alexis Labrada
The proteoliposome (PL) of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B has been reported as a safe and potent vaccine adjuvant, inducing a TH1-skewed response. The present study describes a pre-clinical safety evaluation of an allergy therapeutic vaccine candidate based on purified allergens from Dermatophagoides siboney house dust mite and PL as adjuvant, both components adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide gel. Two separate studies of acute toxicity evaluation were performed in mice and rabbits, and two repeat-dose studies were conducted in non-sensitized and allergen-sensitized Balb/c mice, respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691385/injectable-loop-recorder-implantation-in-an-ambulatory-setting-by-advanced-practice-providers-analysis-of-outcomes
#14
Ryan Kipp, Natasha Young, Anne Barnett, Douglas Kopp, Miguel A Leal, Lee L Eckhardt, Thomas Teelin, Kurt S Hoffmayer, Jennifer Wright, Michael Field
INTRODUCTION: Implantable loop recorder (ILR) insertion has historically been performed in a surgical environment such as the electrophysiology (EP) lab. The newest generation loop recorder (Medtronic Reveal LINQ™) is injectable with potential for implantation in a non-EP lab setting by advanced practice providers (APPs) facilitating improved workflow and resource utilization. We report the safety and efficacy of injectable ILR placement in the ambulatory care setting by APPs. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed including all patients referred for injectable ILR placement from March 2014 to November 2015...
July 10, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688782/a-single-center-open-label-study-of-intradermal-administration-of-an-inactivated-purified-chick-embryo-cell-culture-rabies-virus-vaccine-in-adults
#15
Sergio Recuenco, Eli Warnock, Modupe O V Osinubi, Charles E Rupprecht
In the USA, rabies vaccines (RVs) are licensed for intramuscular (IM) use only, although RVs are licensed for use by the intradermal (ID) route in many other countries. Recent limitations in supplies of RV in the USA reopened discussions on the more efficient use of available biologics, including utilization of more stringent risk assessments, and potential ID RV administration. A clinical trial was designed to compare the immunogenic and adverse effects of a purified chicken embryo cell (PCEC) RV administered ID or IM...
July 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680962/switching-from-an-lhrh-antagonist-to-an-lhrh-agonist-a-case-report-of-10-finnish-patients-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#16
Harri Visapää
INTRODUCTION: Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues are widely used for the treatment of advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer. However, there are currently no clinical guidelines for switching between LHRH analogues. It has been reported that there may be clinical benefits for patients switching between different formulations of LHRH agonists, as well as from an LHRH agonist to LHRH antagonist, but there are no published data on switching from an LHRH antagonist to an LHRH agonist...
2017: Oncology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678550/the-safety-of-albiglutide-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#17
Marc S Rendell
Albiglutide is a marketed long acting GLP-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) administered by weekly injection. It has significantly less gastrointestinal side effects than other GLP-1 RAs in current use but does not improve HbA1c or promote weight loss to the same extent as competitor agents such as liraglutide. Area Covered: The safety of albiglutide is discussed. The review encompassed a search of PubMed and a thorough analysis of the European Union and US Food and Drug Administration approval documents. Expert Opinion: Unlike competitor agents, the gastrointestinal side effects of albiglutide are not much greater than placebo...
July 5, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651113/trends-in-pieds-use-among-male-clients-of-needle-syringe-programs-in-queensland-australia-2007-2015
#18
B Jacka, A Peacock, L Degenhardt, R Bruno, P Clare, R Kemp, A Dev, B Larance
BACKGROUND: Increased utilisation of needle-syringe programs (NSP) by men who inject performance and image-enhancing drugs (PIEDs) has been reported. While fewer in number, people who inject PIEDs possess distinct service and knowledge needs compared to other NSP clients. METHODS: Using standardised data from 26 NSP outlets through the Queensland NSP Minimum Data Set (QNSPMDS), trends in occasions of services among males intending to inject PIEDs were assessed using multilevel mixed-effects negative binomial regression, adjusting for month, year, and age, and clustering by site...
June 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649780/therapeutic-efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-tranexamic-acid-and-that-of-tranexamic-acid-local-infiltration-with-microinjections-in-patients-with-melasma-a-comparative-study
#19
R Sharma, V K Mahajan, K S Mehta, P S Chauhan, R Rawat, T N Shiny
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been used orally, intravenously, topically and intradermally (microinjection, microneedling) for treating melasma. However, the comparative efficacy of these different routes of administration remains underevaluated. AIM: To ascertain the comparative efficacy of different routes of administration of TXA. METHODS: In total, 100 consecutive patients with melasma (8 men, 92 women, age range 18-55 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups comprising 50 patients each...
June 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646587/perioperative-pain-management-after-fibular-free-flap-harvesting-for-head-and-neck-reconstruction-using-mini-catheters-to-inject-local-anesthetic-a-pilot-study
#20
Andrea Ferri, Andrea Varazzani, Adriana Valente, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Bernardo Bianchi, Silvano Ferrari, Enrico Sesenna
BACKGROUND: Fibular donor site pain management in the early postoperative period can help minimize complications, patient discomfort, and agitation. Traditional management of postoperative pain consists of systemic administration of opioids and NSAIDS. The use of local anesthetics in addition to systemic analgesics has the potential to improve pain control. Purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of mini-catheters used to inject local anesthetic into the fibular donor site after flap harvesting for reconstruction of the head-and-neck area...
June 24, 2017: Microsurgery
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