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Elie Hobeika, Sonali Singh, Shaveta Malik, Eric S Knochenhauer, Michael L Traub
PURPOSE: Few published articles have compared initial hCG values across all different types of ART cycles, including cycles with fresh or frozen embryo transfer. No articles have compared initial hCG values in cycles utilizing preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). The purpose of this study is to compare initial hCG values after fresh embryo transfer, frozen embryo transfer, and after PGS. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study at an academically affiliated private IVF center...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Anne Le Bras, Laetitia Hesters, Vanessa Gallot, Cathie Tallet, Gerard Tachdjian, Nelly Frydman
Short gamete co-incubation (SGCO) consists in decreasing the duration of contact between oocytes and sperm from the standard overnight insemination (SOI) toward 2 hours. However, the effectiveness of this technique to improve in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcomes remains controversial. Our study was designed to evaluate the efficiency of SGCO in a poor prognosis population with a history of fragmented embryos defined by the presence of at least 50% of the embryos with more than 25% of cytoplasmic fragments...
June 20, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Adam L Friedman, Aubrey T Hanbicki, F Keith Perkins, Glenn G Jernigan, James C Culbertson, Paul M Campbell
Electron-donors can impart charge to the surface of transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) films while interacting with the film via a weak physisorption bond, making them ideal for vapor and gas sensors. We expose monolayer MoS2 and MoSe2 films to strong electron-donor chemical vapor analytes. After analyzing the resultant behavior and taking into consideration doping effects, we conclude that exposure to strong electron-donors could be a method of inducing the semiconductor-metal 2H-1T TMD phase transition...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sameer Grover, Anupama Joshi, Ashwin Tulapurkar, Mandar M Deshmukh
Graphene is a promising candidate for optoelectronic applications. In this report, a double gated bilayer graphene FET has been made using a combination of electrostatic and electrolytic gating in order to form an abrupt p-n junction. The presence of two Dirac peaks in the gating curve of the fabricated device confirms the formation of a p-n junction. At low temperatures, when the electrolyte is frozen intentionally, the photovoltage exhibits a six-fold pattern indicative of the hot electron induced photothermoelectric effect that has also been seen in graphene p-n junctions made using metallic gates...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Suying Liu, Yanping Kuang, Yu Wu, Yun Feng, Qifeng Lyu, Li Wang, Yijuan Sun, Xiaoxi Sun
In this retrospective study, the relationship between maternal serum oestradiol and progesterone levels after fresh embryo transfer or frozen embryo transfer (FET), and serum beta-HCG levels in early pregnancy and neonatal birth weight was examined. Included for analysis were 5643 conceived singletons: 2610 after FET and 3033 after fresh embryo transfer. Outcome measures included maternal serum oestradiol, progesterone, beta-HCG levels during the peri-implantation period, birth weight and small-for-gestational-age (SGA)...
May 22, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Yoshitaka Yamane, Naomichi Uchida, Shingo Mochizuki, Tomokuni Furukawa, Kazunori Yamada
OBJECTIVES: We previously performed the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique for acute type A aortic dissection to try to improve the long-term prognosis. In this study, we report the mid-term results of the FET technique for treating retrograde type A acute aortic dissection using a new device, the J Graft open stent graft (JOSG). METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2015, 24 patients (mean age: 59.3 ± 13.9 years) underwent total arch replacement with the FET technique using the JOSG for retrograde type A acute aortic dissection...
June 9, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Filippo Giannazzo, Gabriele Fisichella, Giuseppe Greco, Salvatore Di Franco, Ioannis Deretzis, Antonino La Magna, Corrado Bongiorno, Giuseppe Nicotra, Corrado Spinella, Michelangelo Scopelliti, Bruno Pignataro, Simonpietro Agnello, Fabrizio Roccaforte
One of the main challenges to exploit molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) potentialities for the next generation complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology is the realization of p-type or ambipolar field effect transistors (FETs). Hole transport in MoS2 FETs is typically hampered by the high Schottky barrier height (SBH) for holes at source/drain contacts, due to the Fermi level pinning close to the conduction band. In this work, we show that the SBH of multilayer MoS2 surface can be tailored at nanoscale using soft O2 plasma treatments...
June 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaoyan Mao, Jie Zhang, Qiuju Chen, Yanping Kuang, Shaozhen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study if hysteroscopy and short-term copper intrauterine device placement (Cu-IUD) improves the pregnancy rates of women with repeated implantation failure (RIF) undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university hospital. PATIENT(S): Infertile women with at least two implantation failures with the use of at least one good-quality embryo. INTERVENTION(S): All patients received operative hysteroscopy in the follicular cycle, and if endometrial polyps, polypoid endometrium, or intrauterine adhesions were found they were removed...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Tong Du, Hong Chen, Rong Fu, Qiuju Chen, Yun Wang, Ben W Mol, Yanping Kuang, Qifeng Lyu
OBJECTIVE: To compare ectopic pregnancy risk among transfers of embryos vitrified on day 3, day 5, and day 6. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care medical center. PATIENT(S): A total of 10,736 pregnancies after 23,730 frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection from March 2003 to May 2015. INTERVENTION(S): The ectopic pregnancy rate was compared among pregnancies resulting from transfers of embryos vitrified on day 3, day 5, and day 6...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Eric S Surrey, Mandy Katz-Jaffe, Laxmi V Kondapalli, Robert L Gustofson, William B Schoolcraft
Prolonged gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) administration before IVF with fresh embryo transfer to patients with endometriosis or aberrant endometrial integrin expression (-integrin) improves outcomes but may suppress ovarian response and prevents elective cryopreservation of all embryos. This retrospective cohort pilot study evaluates freeze-all cycles with subsequent prolonged GnRHa before embryo transfer in these populations. Patients from 2010 to 2015 who met inclusion criteria and received a long-acting GnRHa every 28 days twice before FET were evaluated...
May 17, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Bing Xu, Ya-Qiong He, Yuan Wang, Yao Lu, Yan Hong, Yao Wang, Yun Sun
OBJECTIVE: To establish a safe and effective clinical transplantation strategy for determining when to prioritize frozen embryo transfers (FET) or fresh embryo transfers (ET) we conducted a retrospective analysis study, examining several key clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study, 1423 patients (age<40) were categorized into four groups according to the number of oocytes retrieved (15-18, 19-21, 22-24 and  ≥25 oocytes). The clinical outcomes of 1423 in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles (896 fresh ET and 527 FET) were reviewed for each group...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Rudolf C Hoffmann, Shawn Sanctis, Jörg J Schneider
Zinc complexes with multidentate Schiff base ligands are suitable precursors for ZnO in microwave-assisted transformation reactions. [Bis(acetylacetonato)ethylenediimine]zinc(II) and [bis(methylacetoacetato)ethylenediimine]zinc(II) have been synthesized with high purity and good yield from the direct reaction of the respective diimine ligand with diethylzinc in tetrahydrofuran. The thermal decay is studied by thermogravimetry coupled with online infrared spectroscopy. The ceramization reaction in ethoxyethanol yields stable dispersions of spherical ZnO nanoparticles with very small particle sizes (around 5-6 nm), which can be employed for coating and thin-film deposition processes...
June 9, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Meric Karacan, Erkan Erdem, Akin Usta, Ayse Arvas, Ziya Cebi, Teksen Camlibel
To compare the live birth rates and moderate/severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rates of 2 different approaches using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triggering in high responder women. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) outcomes in high responder women who underwent ovulation induction with a GnRH antagonist protocol between April 2011 and March 2015. In group 1 (n=74), GnRH agonist was used for ovulation triggering with the concomitant use of 1500 IU of urinary human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) immediately after oocyte retrieval followed by fresh ET and standard luteal support...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
Mauro Iafrancesco, Nora Goebel, Jorge Mascaro, Ulrich F W Franke, Davide Pacini, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Gabriel Weiss, Martin Grabenwöger, Sergey A Leontyev, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr, Thanos Sioris, Heinz Jakob, Konstantinos Tsagakis
OBJECTIVES: The frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique allows one-stage hybrid repair approach in aortic dissection (AoD). Even if the effect of the FET technique on promoting false lumen (FL) thrombosis has been proved in the past, the relative importance of FL thrombosis on aortic remodelling at different levels of the distal aorta and the magnitude of this effect is not well known. The aim of the study was to evaluate aortic remodelling following a FET technique for AoD. METHODS: A multicentre international registry database was searched to identify all patients who underwent a FET procedure for an AoD...
May 29, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Shawn Sanctis, Nico Koslowski, Rudolf C Hoffmann, Conrad Guhl, Emre Erdem, Stefan Weber, Joerg J Schneider
Amorphous zinc tin oxide (ZTO) thin films are accessible by a molecular precursor approach using mononuclear zinc(II) and tin(II) compounds with methoxyiminopropionic acid ligands. Solution processing of two precursor solutions containing a mixture of zinc(II) and tin(II)-methoxyiminopropinato complexes results in the formation of smooth homogeneous thin films, which upon calcination are converted into the desired semiconducting amorphous ZTO thin films obtained as dense and compact functional transparent oxide films...
June 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Suhyun Kim, Jong-Young Lee, Chul-Ho Lee, Gwan-Hyoung Lee, Jihyun Kim
Black phosphorus (BP) has attracted significant attention due to its excellent optical and electrical properties. However, the rapid degradation of BP under ambient air limits further research on its properties and implementation in various fields. This degrading behavior lowers the performance of BP-based devices and can even result in a complete failure when exposed to air for an extended period of time. In our research, the degraded surface with "bubbles" was recovered to its pristine state by rinsing with deionized water and following with post-treatments...
June 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Marcus Unterrainer, Franziska Vettermann, Matthias Brendel, Adrien Holzgreve, Michael Lifschitz, Matthias Zähringer, Bogdana Suchorska, Vera Wenter, Ben M Illigens, Peter Bartenstein, Nathalie L Albert
BACKGROUND: PET with O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) has reached increasing clinical significance for patients with brain neoplasms. For quantification of standard PET-derived parameters such as the tumor-to-background ratio, the background activity is assessed using a region of interest (ROI) or volume of interest (VOI) in unaffected brain tissue. However, there is no standardized approach regarding the assessment of the background reference. Therefore, we evaluated the intra- and inter-reader variability of commonly applied approaches for clinical (18)F-FET PET reading...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
Seon Joo Park, Heehong Yang, Seung Hwan Lee, Hyun Seok Song, Chul Soon Park, Joonwon Bae, Oh Seok Kwon, Tai Hyun Park, Jyongsik Jang
The field-effect transistor (FET) has been used in the development of diagnostic tools for several decades, leading to high-performance biosensors. Therefore, the FET platform can provide the foundation for the next generation of analytical methods. A major role of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is in the transfer of external signals into the cell and promoting human body functions; thus, their principle application is in the screening of new drugs. The research community uses efficient systems to screen potential GPCR drugs; nevertheless, the need to develop GPCR-conjugated analytical devices remains for next-generation new drug screening...
June 7, 2017: ACS Nano
Shichao Zhou, Cheng Li, Jianqi Zhang, Yaping Yu, Andong Zhang, Yonggang Wu, Weiwei Li
Porphyrin-based molecules have been widely used in dye-sensitized solar cells and bulk-heterojunction solar cells, but their application in field-effect transistors (FETs) is limited. In this work, two conjugated polymers based on diketopyrrolopyrrole and porphyrin were developed for FETs. The polymers exhibit extra-low band gap with aligned energy levels close to -4.0 eV and -5.0 eV because of the strong electron-donating and withdrawing ability of aromatic units. With additionally high crystalline properties, ambipolar charge carrier transport with a hole mobility of 0...
May 30, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Karl-Josef Langen, Gabriele Stoffels, Christian Filß, Alexander Heinzel, Carina Stegmayr, Philipp Lohmann, Antje Willuweit, Bernd Neumaier, Felix M Mottaghy, Norbert Galldiks
The assessment of cerebral gliomas using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides excellent structural images but cannot solve all diagnostic problems satisfactorily. The differentiation of tumour tissue from non-neoplastic changes may be difficult especially in the post-treatment phase. In recent years, positron emission tomography (PET) using radiolabelled amino acids has gained considerable interest as an additional tool to improve the diagnosis of cerebral gliomas and brain metastases. A key step for this advancement was the development of the F-18 labelled amino acid O-(2-[(18)F]fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine (FET) which has spread rapidly in the last decade and replaced carbon-11 labelled amino acid tracers such as (11)C-methyl-L-methionine (MET) in many centres in Europe...
May 24, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
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