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Qi Liu, Fangping Ouyang, Zhixiong Yang, Shenglin Peng, Wenzhe Zhou, Hui Zou, Mengqiu Long, Jiangling Pan
Based on density function theory and nonequilibrium Green's functions, we construct a NbS2-MoS2-NbS2 NR inplane heterostructure. The effects of channel length, width, chirality and vacancy of the heterostructure on transport properties are systematically investigated. The electron transport of the armchair-edge heterostructure device shows ballistic transport properties, while the zigzag-edge heterostructure device exhibits resonance tunneling transport properties. Further study indicates NbS2-MoS2-NbS2 field effect transistors (FETs) to be excellent ambipolar transistors...
January 11, 2017: Nanotechnology
Anping Cao, Wei Zhu, Jin Shang, Johan H Klootwijk, Ernst J R Sudhölter, Jurriaan Huskens, Louis C P M de Smet
Surface-modified silicon nanowire-based field-effect transistors (SiNW-FETs) have proven to be a promising platform for molecular recognition in miniature sensors. In this work, we present a novel nanoFET device for the sensitive and selective detection of explosives based on affinity layers of metal-organic polyhedra (MOPs). The judicious selection of the geometric and electronic characteristics of the assembly units (organic ligands and unsaturated metal site) embedded within the MOP cage allowed for the formation of multiple charge-transfer (CT) interactions to facilitate the selective explosive inclusion...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Anran Gao, Xun Yang, Jing Tong, Lin Zhou, Yuelin Wang, Jianlong Zhao, Hongju Mao, Tie Li
In this work, a real-time assay for highly sensitive, label-free, multiplexed electrical detection of lung cancer biomarkers was developed by using silicon nanowire field-effect (SiNW-FET) devices. Highly responsive SiNW arrays were fabricated using a CMOS-compatible anisotropic self-stop etching technique with mass reproducibility and low cost character. The SiNW nanosensor was integrated with PDMS microfluidic device, which allows rapid analyte delivery, makes the analysis to be conducted using exceedingly small samples and enables potential multiplexed detection...
January 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Mohamad Irani, David Reichman, Alex Robles, Alexis Melnick, Owen Davis, Nikica Zaninovic, Kangpu Xu, Zev Rosenwaks
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether blastocyst grading can predict pregnancy outcomes in the frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) of euploid blastocysts. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Women who underwent FET of euploid embryo(s) between January 2013 and December 2015, with blastocysts were divided into four groups based on their morphologic grading before cryopreservation: excellent (≥3AA), good (3-6AB, 3-6BA, 1-2AA), average (3-6BB, 3-6AC, 3-6CA, 1-2AB, 1-2BA), and poor (1-6BC, 1-6CB, 1-6CC, 1-2BB)...
January 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
Feng Yu, Shengbo Yao, Friedhard Römer, Bernd Witzigmann, Tilman Schimpke, Martin Strassburg, Andrey Bakin, Hans Schumacher, Erwin Peiner, Hutomo Suryo Wasisto, Andreas Waag
Vertically aligned GaN nanowire (NW) arrays have attracted a lot of attention because of their potential for novel devices in the fields of optoelectronics and nanoelectronics. In this work, GaN NW arrays have been designed and fabricated by combining suitable nanomachining processes including dry and wet etching. After inductively coupled plasma (ICP) dry reactive ion etching (RIE), the GaN NWs are subsequently treated in wet chemical etching using AZ400K developer (i.e., with an activation energy of 0.69 �� 0...
January 9, 2017: Nanotechnology
Fatemeh Davari-Tanha, Ensieh Shahrokh Tehraninejad, Mohadese Ghazi, Zahra Shahraki
BACKGROUND: Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) is the absence of implantation after three consecutive In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) cycles with transferring at least four good quality embryos in a minimum of three fresh or frozen cycles in a woman under 40 years. The definition and management of RIF is under constant scrutiny. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) on RIF, pregnancy rate, abortion rate and implantation rates...
December 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Vladimir Sayevich, Chris Guhrenz, Volodymyr M Dzhagan, Maria Sin, Matthias Werheid, Bin Cai, Lars Borchardt, Johannes Widmer, Dietrich R T Zahn, Eike Brunner, Vladimir Lesnyak, Nikolai Gaponik, Alexander Eychmueller
We report on a simple and effective technique of tuning the colloidal solubility of inorganic-capped CdSe and CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals (NCs) from highly polar to nonpolar media using n-butylamine molecules. The introduction of the short and volatile organic amine mainly results in a modification of the labile diffusion region of the inorganic-capped NCs enabling a significant extension of their dispersibility and improving the ability to form long-range assemblies. Moreover, the hybrid n-butylamine/inorganic capping can be thermally decomposed under mild heat treatment making this approach of surface functionalization well-compatible with a low-temperature, solution-processed device fabrication...
January 4, 2017: ACS Nano
Fernando Guimarães, Matheus Roque, Marcello Valle, Alessandra Kostolias, Rodrigo A de Azevedo, Ciro D Martinhago, Marcos Sampaio, Selmo Geber
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) or screening (PGS) technology, has emerged and developed in the past few years, benefiting couples as it allows the selection and transfer of healthy embryos during IVF treatments. These techniques can be performed in oocytes (polar-body biopsy) or embryos (blastomere or trophectoderm biopsy). In this case report, we describe the first two live births to be published in Brazil after a polar-body (PB) biopsy. In case 1, a 42-year-old was submitted to PB biopsy with PGS due to advanced maternal age and poor ovarian reserve...
December 1, 2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Mico Chan, Edward Hsiao
O-(2-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine (FET) PET/CT is a promising imaging modality for brain tumor imaging because of its reported high sensitivity for biologically active tumor tissue. We present a case of biopsy-proven neurosarcoidosis showing FET uptake. It is an important cause of false-positive uptake on FET PET/CT.
December 30, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Caroline Tscherpel, Veronika Dunkl, Garry Ceccon, Gabriele Stoffels, Natalie Judov, Marion Rapp, Philipp T Meyer, Elena Rota Kops, Johannes Ermert, Gereon R Fink, Nadim J Shah, Karl-Josef Langen, Norbert Galldiks
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing number of O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) PET studies in supratentorial gliomas, studies regarding the usefulness of (18)F-FET PET in brainstem and spinal cord gliomas to date remain scarce. METHODS: Thirty-six (18)F-FET PET scans were performed in 29 patients with brainstem (n = 29 scans) or spinal cord glioma (n = 7 scans). In 32 of 36 PET scans, a dynamic acquisition was performed. Fifteen scans in 15 patients were performed to assess newly diagnosed lesions, and 21 scans were obtained during follow-up: for diagnosing tumor progression (n = 15 scans in 14 patients) as well as for treatment monitoring (n = 6 scans in 3 patients)...
December 29, 2016: Neuro-oncology
Yoshiaki Sato, Yoshitaka Kawasugi, Masayuki Suda, Hiroshi M Yamamoto, Reizo Kato
We present the carrier transport properties in the vicinity of a doping-driven Mott transition observed at a field-effect transistor (FET) channel using a single crystal of the typical two-dimensional organic Mott insulator κ-(BEDT-TTF)2CuN(CN)2Cl (κ-Cl). The FET shows a continuous metal-insulator transition (MIT) as electrostatic doping proceeds. The phase transition appears to involve two-step crossovers, one in Hall measurement and the other in conductivity measurement. The crossover in conductivity occurs around the conductance quantum e(2)/h, and hence is not associated with 'bad metal' behavior, in stark contrast to the MIT in half-filled organic Mott insulators or that in doped inorganic Mott insulators...
December 30, 2016: Nano Letters
Sied Kebir, Zain Khurshid, Florian C Gaertner, Markus Essler, Elke Hattingen, Rolf Fimmers, Björn Scheffler, Ulrich Herrlinger, Ralph A Bundschuh, Martin Glas
RATIONALE: Timely detection of pseudoprogression (PSP) is crucial for the management of patients with high-grade glioma (HGG) but remains difficult. Textural features of O-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine positron emission tomography (FET-PET) mirror tumor uptake heterogeneity; some of them may be associated with tumor progression. METHODS: Fourteen patients with HGG and suspected of PSP underwent FET-PET imaging. A set of 19 conventional and textural FET-PET features were evaluated and subjected to unsupervised consensus clustering...
December 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Choong-Ki Kim, Eun Gyo Jeong, Eungtaek Kim, Jeong-Gyu Song, Youngjun Kim, Whang Je Woo, Myung Keun Lee, Hagyoul Bae, Seong-Bae Jeon, Hyungjun Kim, Kyung Cheol Choi, Yang-Kyu Choi
Field-effect transistors (FETs) composed of 2D materials (2DMs) such as transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) materials show unstable electrical characteristics in ambient air due to the high sensitivity of 2DMs to water adsorbates. In this work, in order to demonstrate the long-term retention of electrical characteristics of a TMD FET, a multidyad encapsulation method was applied to a MoS2 FET and thereby its durability was warranted for one month. It was well known that the multidyad encapsulation method was effective to mitigate high sensitivity to ambient air in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) composed of organic materials...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
Ravi P Pandey, Geetanjali Shukla, Murli Manohar, Vinod K Shahi
In the context of many applications, such as polymer composites, energy-related materials, sensors, 'paper'-like materials, field-effect transistors (FET), and biomedical applications, chemically modified graphene was broadly studied during the last decade, due to its excellent electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties. The presence of reactive oxygen functional groups in the grapheme oxide (GO) responsible for chemical functionalization makes it a good candidate for diversified applications. The main objectives for developing a GO based nanohybrid proton exchange membrane (PEM) include: improved self-humidification (water retention ability), reduced fuel crossover (electro-osmotic drag), improved stabilities (mechanical, thermal, and chemical), enhanced proton conductivity, and processability for the preparation of membrane-electrode assembly...
December 15, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Dongil Lee, Byung-Hyun Lee, Jinsu Yoon, Dae-Chul Ahn, Jun-Young Park, Jae Hur, Myung-Su Kim, Seung-Bae Jeon, Min-Ho Kang, Kwanghee Kim, Meehyun Lim, Sung-Jin Choi, Yang-Kyu Choi
Three-dimensional (3-D) fin-structured carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNT-FETs) with purified 99.9% semiconducting CNTs were demonstrated on a large scale 8 in. silicon wafer. The fabricated 3-D CNT-FETs take advantage of the 3-D geometry and exhibit enhanced electrostatic gate controllability and superior charge transport. A trigated structure surrounding the randomly networked single-walled CNT channel was formed on a fin-like 3-D silicon frame, and as a result, the effective packing density increased to almost 600 CNTs/μm...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Akihiko Ikeda, Taisuke Konishi, Kanji Matsuzaki, Tomoaki Jikuya
Frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique combines open surgery and endovascular repair for extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms. When a FET is inserted into the descending thoracic aorta, it is difficult to confirm its proper positioning. Here we report a radiopaque ruler-guided FET technique. On the basis of preoperative computed tomography, we create a roadmap which shows the relationship between the descending thoracic aorta and vertebrae. During surgery, a radiopaque ruler placed beneath the patient's back provides the accurate target position under fluoroscopy...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Katherine L Palmerola, Jennifer Y Hsu, Lisa C Grossman, Mark V Sauer, Roger A Lobo
No significant differences in outcomes have been found between protocols of endometrial preparation for frozen embryo transfer (FET), though gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists may have detrimental effects on the endometrium. We conducted a retrospective cohort noninferiority study at a single academic center of women receiving multiple doses of mid-cycle GnRH antagonist (GAnt) to those receiving GnRH agonist (GAg) to determine if there are detrimental effects of GnRH antagonists. 1047 FET cycles were identified, detailed data was available in 840 cycles: 610 GAg and 230 GAnt cycles...
December 23, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Timothy D Keiper, Jorge L Barreda, Jim P Zheng, Peng Xiong
Nanomaterials made from binary metal oxides are of increasing interest because of their versatility in applications from flexible electronics to portable chemical and biological sensors. Controlling the electrical properties of these materials is the first step in device implementation. Tin dioxide (SnO2) nanobelts (NB) synthesized by the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism have shown much promise in this regard. We explore the modification of devices prepared with single crystalline NBs by thermal annealing in vacuum and oxygen, resulting in a viable field-effect transistor (FET) for numerous applications at ambient temperature...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
Abhishek S Dahiya, Charles Opoku, Guylaine Poulin-Vittrant, Nicolas Camara, Christophe Daumont, Eric G Barbagiovanni, Giorgia Franzò, Salvo Mirabella, Daniel Alquier
The production of high-quality semiconducting nanostructures with optimized electrical, optical, and electromechanical properties is important for the advancement of next-generation technologies. In this context, we herein report on highly obliquely aligned single-crystalline zinc oxide nanosheets (ZnO NSs) grown via the vapor-liquid-solid approach using r-plane (01-12) sapphire as the template surface. The high structural and optical quality of as-grown ZnO NSs has been confirmed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and temperature-dependent photoluminescence, respectively...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Daimin Wei, Yuhua Shi, Jing Li, Ze Wang, Lin Zhang, Yun Sun, Hong Zhou, Yuping Xu, Chunxiang Wu, Ling Liu, Qiongfang Wu, Lili Zhuang, Yanzhi Du, Weiping Li, Heping Zhang, Richard S Legro, Zi-Jiang Chen
STUDY QUESTION: Do oral contraceptives (OCs) and progestins impact live birth rate of IVF when used for cycle scheduling in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: OCs used for scheduling IVF cycle were associated with lowered rates of pregnancy and live birth after fresh embryo transfer, whereas progestins used for this purpose yield higher rates of pregnancy and live birth than OCs. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Due to oligo-menorrhea in PCOS, OCs and progestin are extensively used to schedule the start of an IVF cycle in women with PCOS...
December 19, 2016: Human Reproduction
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