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Hyung-Youl Park, Sreekantha Reddy Dugasani, Dong-Ho Kang, Gwangwe Yoo, Jinok Kim, Bramaramba Gnapareddy, Jaeho Jeon, Minwoo Kim, Young Jae Song, Sungjoo Lee, Jonggon Heo, Young Jin Jeon, Sung Ha Park, Jin-Hong Park
Here, we report a high performance biosensor based on (i) a Cu(2+)-DNA/MoS2 hybrid structure and (ii) a field effect transistor, which we refer to as a bio-FET, presenting a high sensitivity of 1.7 × 10(3) A/A. This high sensitivity was achieved by using a DNA nanostructure with copper ions (Cu(2+)) that induced a positive polarity in the DNA (receptor). This strategy improved the detecting ability for doxorubicin-like molecules (target) that have a negative polarity. Very short distance between the biomolecules and the sensor surface was obtained without using a dielectric layer, contributing to the high sensitivity...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Alexander Romagna, Marcus Unterrainer, Christine Schmid-Tannwald, Matthias Brendel, Jörg-Christian Tonn, Silke Birgit Nachbichler, Alexander Muacevic, Peter Bartenstein, Friedrich-Wilhelm Kreth, Nathalie Lisa Albert
BACKGROUND: After focused high dose radiotherapy of brain metastases, differentiation between tumor recurrence and radiation-induced lesions by conventional MRI is challenging. This study investigates the usefulness of dynamic O-(2-(18)F-Fluoroethyl)-L-Tyrosine positron emission tomography ((18)F-FET PET) in patients with MRI-based suspicion of tumor recurrence after focused high dose radiotherapy of brain metastases. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with 34 brain metastases (median age 61...
October 21, 2016: Radiation Oncology
Hye-Hyeon Byeon, Seung-Woo Lee, Eun-Hee Lee, Woong Kim, Hyunjung Yi
Delicately assembled composites of semiconducting nanomaterials and biological materials provide an attractive interface for emerging applications, such as chemical/biological sensors, wearable health monitoring devices, and therapeutic agent releasing devices. The nanostructure of composites as a channel and a sensing material plays a critical role in the performance of field effect transistors (FETs). Therefore, it is highly desirable to prepare elaborate composite that can allow the fabrication of high performance FETs and also provide high sensitivity and selectivity in detecting specific chemical/biological targets...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Afsoon Zarei, Parastoo Sohail, Mohammad Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Saeed Alborzi, Alamtaj Samsami, Maryam Azizi
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcomes between four regimens of luteal phase support (LPS), including vaginal progesterone, oral dydrogesterone, combination of oral dydrogesterone and gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (GnRH-α), and combination of oral dydrogesterone and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), in Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed during a 6-month period, including candidates for FET...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Marcus Unterrainer, Norbert Galldiks, Bogdana Suchorska, Lara-Caroline Kowalew, Vera Wenter, Christine Schmid-Tannwald, Maximilian Niyazi, Peter Bartenstein, Karl-Josef Langen, Nathalie L Albert
PURPOSE: In patients with brain metastasis, PET using labeled amino acids has gained clinical importance, mainly regarding the differentiation of viable tumor tissue from treatment-related effects. However, there is still limited knowledge concerning the uptake characteristics in patients with newly diagnosed and untreated brain metastases. Hence, we evaluated the uptake characteristics in these patients using dynamic O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) positron-emission-tomography (PET)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Jiyoul Lee, Jong Won Chung, Gyubok Yoon, Moo Hyung Lee, Do Hwan Kim, Jozeph Park, Jin-Kyun Lee, Moon Sung Kang
Field-effect mobility of a polymer semiconductor film is known to be enhanced when the gate dielectric interfacing with the film is weakly polarizable. Accordingly, gate dielectrics with lower dielectric constant (k) are preferred for attaining polymer field-effect transistors (PFETs) with larger mobilities. At the same time, it is also known that inducing more charge carriers into the polymer semiconductor films helps enhancing their field-effect mobility, because large number of traps presented in such a disorder system can be compensated substantially...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tonghua Wu, Biao Yin, Yuanchang Zhu, Guangui Li, Lijun Ye, Chunmei Chen, Yong Zeng, Desheng Liang
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion (SA) is the most common complication of pregnancy, and chromosome aberrations are the principal cause of the first trimester abortuses in natural conception (NC) The increasing use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has raised concern about chromosome abnormalities in ART-initiated pregnancies. Up to date, the literature on the risk of aneuploidy in failed pregnancies among various ART factors remain limited and inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the genetic etiology of pregnancy loss conceived from varying ART procedures...
2016: Molecular Cytogenetics
Hyun Ah Um, Ji Hyung Lee, Hionsuck Baik, Min Ju Cho, Dong Hoon Choi
We propose a novel tricyanovinyldihydrofuran (TCF)-based molecule called DBOB-DTCF that is designed and synthesized for application in n-type field-effect transistors (FETs). It can be operated in a stable manner under ambient conditions. DBOB-DTCF is successfully fabricated as crystalline microplates (CMs) because of its capability of self-assembly. A high electron mobility of ∼1.9 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) is observed for a CM-based FET, measured under ambient conditions. This suggests that TCF is an excellent acceptor unit that organizes air stable n-type organic semiconductors...
October 17, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xinqi Zhong, Jianqiao Liu, Qiliang Cui, Shaozhen Liang, Yuanqing Lin, Haiying Liu, Qiyi Zeng
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are widely used to treat infertility. Emerging evidence suggested that ART was associated with perinatal or neonatal problems, however, little is known about the ART related risk factors. Here using 21136 ART cases, we determined the impacts of parental physiological conditions in the ART mediated pregnancy outcomes. In addition, we further evaluated the effects of three different ART methods (frozen-thawed embryo transfer [FET], in vitro fertilization [IVF] and intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]) in the pregnancy and birth outcomes in ART mediated pregnancy...
October 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Jayeeta Basu, Chirasree RoyChaudhuri
Recently, a reproducible and scalable chemical method for fabrication of smooth graphene nanogrids has been reported which addresses the challenges of graphene nanoribbons (GNR). These nanogrids have been found to be capable of attomolar detection of biomolecules in field effect transistor (FET) mode. However, for detection of sub-femtomolar concentrations of target molecule in complex mixtures with reasonable accuracy, it is not sufficient to only explore the steady state sensitivities, but is also necessary to investigate the flicker noise which dominates at frequencies below 100 kHz...
October 8, 2016: Sensors
Yaping Yu, Yang Wu, Andong Zhang, Cheng Li, Zheng Tang, Wei Ma, Yonggang Wu, Weiwei Li
Conjugated polymers consisting of diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) units have been successfully applied in field-effect transistors (FETs) and polymer solar cells (PSCs), while most of DPP polymers were designed as symmetric structures containing identical aromatic linkers. In this manuscript, we design a new asymmetric DPP polymer with varied aromatic linkers in the backbone for application in FETs and PSCs. The designation provides the chance to finely adjust the energy levels of conjugated polymers so as to influence the device performance...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Colleen Gail Moodley
HIV and AIDS are rapidly spreading amongst the world's 15- to 24-year age group, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite vigorous government interventions and campaigns, 10 % of South African youth in the age cohort 15-24 are infected with HIV and AIDS. Furthermore, for the first time in history the world has its largest number of individuals under the age of 30 years. Researchers are desperately seeking a solution and have found religion to play an important role in moderating risky sexual behaviour amongst youth...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Saptarshi Das
This article proposes a disruptive device concept which meets both low power and high performance criterion for post-CMOS computing and at the same time enables aggressive channel length scaling. This device, hereafter refer to as two-dimensional electrostrictive field effect transistor or 2D-EFET, allows sub-60 mV/decade subthreshold swing and considerably higher ON current compared to any state of the art FETs. Additionally, by the virtue of its ultra-thin body nature and electrostatic integrity, the 2D-EFET enjoys scaling beyond 10 nm technology node...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Longbin Ren, Haijun Fan, Dazhen Huang, Dafei Yuan, Chong-An Di, Xiaozhang Zhu
Compared with the dominant aromatic conjugated materials, photovoltaic applications of their quinoidal counterparts featuring rigid and planar molecular structures have long been unexplored despite their narrow optical bandgaps, large absorption coefficients, and excellent charge transport properties. We report herein the design and synthesis of dithienoindophenine derivatives by stabilizing the quinoidal resonance of the parent indophenine framework. Compared with the ambipolar indophenine derivatives, DTIPs with the fixed molecular configuration are found to be p-type semiconductors exhibiting excellent unipolar hole mobilities up to 0...
September 26, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Oliver Oehlke, Michael Mix, Erika Graf, Tanja Schimek-Jasch, Ursula Nestle, Irina Götz, Sabine Schneider-Fuchs, Astrid Weyerbrock, Irina Mader, Brigitta G Baumert, Susan C Short, Philipp T Meyer, Wolfgang A Weber, Anca-Ligia Grosu
BACKGROUND: The higher specificity of amino-acid positron emission tomography (AA-PET) in the diagnosis of gliomas, as well as in the differentiation between recurrence and treatment-related alterations, in comparison to contrast enhancement in T1-weighted MRI was demonstrated in many studies and is the rationale for their implementation into radiation oncology treatment planning. Several clinical trials have demonstrated the significant differences between AA-PET and standard MRI concerning the definition of the gross tumor volume (GTV)...
October 5, 2016: BMC Cancer
Hossein Shokri Kojori, Yiwen Ji, Younghun Paik, Adam B Braunschweig, Sung Jin Kim
By immobilizing glycopolymers onto the surface of the recently developed plasmonic field effect transistor (FET), the recognition between lectins and surface-immobilized glycopolymers can be detected over a wide dynamic range (10(-10) to 10(-4) M) in an environment that resembles the glycocalyx. The binding to the sensor surface by various lectins was tested, and the selectivities and relative binding affinity trends observed in solution were maintained on the sensor surface, and the significantly higher avidities are attributed to cluster-glycoside effects that occur on the surface...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Seon Joo Park, Seung Hwan Lee, Heehong Yang, Chul Soon Park, Chang-Soo Lee, Oh Seok Kwon, Tai Hyun Park, Jyongsik Jang
In the brain and central nervous system, dopamine plays a crucial function as a neurotransmitter or a local chemical messenger for interneuronal communication. Dopamine is associated with renal, hormonal, and cardiovascular systems. Additionally, dopamine dysfunction is known to cause serious illnesses, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, dopamine detection is essential for medical diagnosis and disease prevention, which require a novel strategy with high sensitivity and selectivity, and with a rapid response...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Meng Su, Zhenyu Yang, Lei Liao, Xuming Zou, Johnny C Ho, Jingli Wang, Jianlu Wang, Weida Hu, Xiangheng Xiao, Changzhong Jiang, Chuansheng Liu, Tailiang Guo
A new type of ferroelectric FET based on the single nanowire is demonstrated. The design of the side-gated architecture not only simplifies the manufacturing process but also avoids any postdeposition damage to the organic ferroelectric film. The devices exhibit excellent performances for nonvolatile memory applications, and the memory hysteresis can be effectively modulated by adjusting the side-gate geometries.
September 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Yury Yuryevich Illarionov, Michael Waltl, Gerhard Rzepa, Joon-Seok Kim, Seohee Kim, Ananth Dodabalapur, Deji Akinwande, Tibor Grasser
Black phosphorus has been recently suggested as a very promising material for the use in 2D field-effect transistors. However, due to its poor stability under ambient conditions, this material has not yet received as much attention as for instance MoS2. We show that the recently demonstrated Al2O3 encapsulation leads to highly stable devices. In particular, we report our long-term study on highly-stable black phosphorus field-effect transistors which show stable device characteristics for at least eight months...
October 5, 2016: ACS Nano
Julie Bolcaen, Kelly Lybaert, Lieselotte Moerman, Benedicte Descamps, Karel Deblaere, Tom Boterberg, Jean-Pierre Kalala, Caroline Van den Broecke, Filip De Vos, Christian Vanhove, Ingeborg Goethals
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161845.].
2016: PloS One
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