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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022954/agreement-on-diabetic-retinopathy-grading-in-fundus-photographs-by-allied-ophthalmic-personnel-as-compared-to-ophthalmologist-at-a-community-setting-in-nepal
#1
Raba Thapa, Sanyam Bajimaya, Eli Pradhan, Govinda Paudyal
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the emerging cause of blindness in the developing world. Timely detection of DR could save vision from its avoidable blinding condition. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of DR grading in fundus photographs by the allied ophthalmic personnel (AOP) as compared to ophthalmologist at a community setting in Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fundus photographs of known diabetes subjects attending for DR screening were graded by two groups of AOP and ophthalmologist...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956799/assessment-of-health-literacy-and-validation-of-single-item-literacy-screener-sils-in-a-sample-of-italian-people
#2
Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Maddalena Grazzini, Luca Pieri, Francesca Santomauro, Maria Ciancio, Chiara Lorini
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) is a complex concept with multiple components; it involves the ability to effectively use and interpret texts, documents, and numbers. THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE: to measure HL levels among a sample of adult Italian patients; to develop and validate the Italian version of the single-item literacy screener (SILS); to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the SILS as an indicator of limited reading ability regarding health documents, compared to the newest vital sign (NVS)...
July 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933929/diagnostic-accuracy-of-two-food-insecurity-screeners-recommended-for-use-in-health-care-settings
#3
Jennifer A Makelarski, Emily Abramsohn, Jasmine H Benjamin, Senxi Du, Stacy Tessler Lindau
OBJECTIVES: To test the diagnostic accuracy of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended food insecurity screener. METHODS: We conducted prospective diagnostic accuracy studies between July and November 2016 in Chicago, Illinois. We recruited convenience samples of adults from adult and pediatric emergency departments (12-month recall study: n = 188; 30-day recall study: n = 154). A self-administered survey included the 6-item Household Food Security Screen (gold standard), the validated 2-item Hunger Vital Sign (HVS; often, sometimes, never response categories), and the 2-item AAP tool (yes-or-no response categories)...
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857591/psychometric-profile-of-an-experimental-emergent-literacy-screener-for-preschoolers
#4
Laura L Bailet, Cynthia Zettler-Greeley, Kandia Lewis
Home literacy activities influence children's emergent literacy progress and readiness for reading instruction. To help parents fulfill this opportunity, we developed a new Emergent Literacy Screener (ELS) and conducted 2 studies of its psychometric properties with independent prekindergarten samples. For Study 1 (n = 812, Mage = 54.4 months, 49.4% male, 46.1% white) exploratory factor analyses (EFA) supported a 5-factor structure. EFA and item calibration supported the removal of 10 items from the original 30 test items...
August 31, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800789/indicators-of-poorly-controlled-asthma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-children-in-the-united-states
#5
Patrick W Sullivan, Vahram Ghushchyan, Prakash Navaratnam, Howard S Friedman, Abhishek Kavati, Benjamin Ortiz, Bob Lanier
BACKGROUND: Poorly controlled asthma has far-reaching effects on school-age children and their parents, but little is known about the national impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To examine HRQoL associated with asthma and indicators of poorly controlled asthma in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of HRQoL among school-age children (age range, 6-17 years) with asthma in the nationally representative 2007-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
November 11, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777828/depression-anxiety-and-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Doris Jaalouk
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess prevalence of smartphone addiction symptoms, and to ascertain whether depression or anxiety, independently, contributes to smartphone addiction level among a sample of Lebanese university students, while adjusting simultaneously for important sociodemographic, academic, lifestyle, personality trait, and smartphone-related variables. METHODS: A random sample of 688 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.64 ±1.88 years; 53% men) completed a survey composed of a) questions about socio-demographics, academics, lifestyle behaviors, personality type, and smartphone use-related variables; b) 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) Scale; and c) brief screeners of depression and anxiety (PHQ-2 and GAD-2), which constitute the two core DSM-IV items for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770616/examining-the-basc-3-bess-parent-form-preschool-using-rasch-methodology
#7
Christine DiStefano, Fred W Greer, Erin Dowdy
This study examined the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition Behavioral and Emotional Screening System, Parent Form-Preschool, which is used to identify children at risk for emotional/behavioral problems. Rasch rating scale methods were used to provide information about psychometric properties of items, parent raters, and the response scale. Using the norming sample of 459 children, we investigated the structure of the screener, performance of the scale, and coverage of the maladaptive behavior construct to identify children with emerging behavioral difficulties...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669863/using-screening-tests-to-predict-aberrant-use-of-opioids-in-chronic-pain-patients-caveat-emptor
#8
REVIEW
Robert W Bailey, Kevin E Vowles
Screening tests represent a critical tool in chronic pain treatment for predicting aberrant opioid use, which has emerged as a significant public health issue. Nevertheless, there remains a significant potential for the misapplication of screeners in this context. The potential difficulties in evaluating the diagnostic efficiency of screeners have been well established, particularly with regard to the effect that the prevalence of a disorder has on predictive value. The wide range in the reported prevalence of aberrant opioid use behaviors makes it difficult to interpret data obtained from popular screeners for assessing the potential for the aberrant use of opioids...
December 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559092/low-health-literacy-and-healthcare-utilization-among-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-switzerland
#9
Sarah Mantwill, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the association between functional health literacy and knowledge on when to seek medical help for potentially harmless (overutilization) or serious (underutilization) situations among immigrants and non-immigrants in Switzerland. METHODS: Data was collected among three immigrant groups and the native population (N=1146) in the German- and Italian-speaking part of Switzerland. Health literacy was assessed with the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy (S-TOFHLA) and three Brief Health Literacy Screeners...
November 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558532/development-of-a-short-self-report-disability-questionnaire-for-health-conditions
#10
Johannes F L M van Kemenade, Clemens M H Hosman
For use in mental epidemiological survey research, a short self-report questionnaire measuring current disability is needed to assess the severity of health symptoms of respondents. A questionnaire, measuring current disability at the somatic, mental, and social domains in the environments of work, family (social) life, and leisure time was made along guidelines issued at the 54th World Health Assembly regarding the acceptance of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. This article presents the reliability and validity of the Self-Report Disability Questionnaire (SRDQ)...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448775/exploring-electronic-medical-record-and-self-administered-medication-risk-screening-tools-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#11
Mark J Makowsky, Ken Cor, Tat Wong
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical record (EMR) screening for indicators of medication risk could improve efficiency in identifying primary care clinic patients in need of clinical pharmacist care compared with patient self-reporting. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the performance of an EMR medication risk assessment questionnaire (MRAQ) with a self-administered (SA) MRAQ and (b) explore each tool's ability to predict indicators of health behavior, health status, and health care utilization...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420261/added-value-of-early-literacy-screening-in-preschool-children
#12
Sai Nandini Iyer, M Zachary Dawson, Mark I Sawyer, Neelab Abdullah, Leya Saju, Robert D Needlman
The Early Literacy Screener (ELS) is a brief screen for emergent literacy delays in 4- and 5-year-olds. Standard developmental screens may also flag these children. What is the value of adding the ELS? Parents of children aged 4 (n = 45) and 5 (n = 26) years completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3 (ASQ-3), the Survey of Well-Being in Young Children (SWYC), and the ELS. Rates of positive agreement (PA), negative agreement (NA), and overall agreement (Cohen's κ) across the various screening tools were calculated...
September 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286135/special-health-care-needs-across-the-school-and-family-contexts-implications-for-service-utilization
#13
Meredith O'Connor, Stefanie Rosema, Jon Quach, Amanda Kvalsvig, Sharon Goldfeld
OBJECTIVE: A fifth of children enter school with special health care needs (SHCN), many of whom have difficulties that are milder or not yet formally diagnosed (emerging SHCN). This study aimed to investigate how differing perceptions of children's emerging SHCN across the family and school contexts relates to service utilization. METHODS: Sample: The nationally representative birth cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, which includes parent reports on the abbreviated Children with Special Health Care Needs Screener...
August 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261324/screening-for-substance-use-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-cross-sectoral-sample-of-canadian-youth
#14
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, Lisa D Hawke
BACKGROUND: This project examines the substance use and mental health concerns of a cross-sectoral, national, service-seeking sample of adolescents and emerging adults using an extended version of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs-Short Screener (GSS). It also aims to provide incremental evidence of the psychometric properties of the GSS. METHODS: A sample of 2313 youth aged 12-24 years who presented for service participated in the project. Youth were recruited from 89 participating services across Canada representing eight major clinical and non-clinical sectors...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088053/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-gain-short-screener-for-predicting-substance-use-disorders-in-a-large-national-sample-of-emerging-adults
#15
Douglas C Smith, Kyle M Bennett, Michael L Dennis, Rodney R Funk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging Adults (ages 18-25) have the highest prevalence of substance use disorders and rarely receive treatment from the specialty care system. Thus, it is important to have screening instruments specifically developed for emerging adults for use in Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) models. Optimal cutoffs for the widely-used GAIN Short-Screener's (GAIN-SS) Substance Disorder Screener (SDScrY) are not established specifically for emerging adults...
May 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041592/visual-impairment-at-baseline-is-associated-with-future-poor-physical-functioning-among-middle-aged-women-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-michigan-site
#16
Navasuja Chandrasekaran, Sioban Harlow, Sayoko Moroi, David Musch, Qing Peng, Carrie Karvonen-Gutierrez
OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests that the prevalence rates of poor functioning and of disability are increasing among middle-aged individuals. Visual impairment is associated with poor functioning among older adults but little is known about the impact of vision on functioning during midlife. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of visual impairment on future physical functioning among middle-aged women. STUDY DESIGN: In this longitudinal study, the sample consisted of 483 women aged 42 to 56 years, from the Michigan site of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation...
February 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957661/-it-s-been-an-experience-a-life-learning-experience-a-qualitative-study-of-hospitalized-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#17
Christine M Velez, Christina Nicolaidis, P Todd Korthuis, Honora Englander
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of chronic illness and readmission, yet few are engaged in addiction treatment. Hospitalization may be a reachable moment for initiating and coordinating addiction care, but little is known about motivation for change in the inpatient setting. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of hospitalized adults with SUD and to better understand patient and system level factors impacting readiness for change...
March 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938695/feasibility-assessment-for-using-telehealth-technology-to-improve-access-to-dental-care-for-rural-and-underserved-populations
#18
Amy B Martin, Joni D Nelson, Grishma P Bhavsar, James McElligott, David Garr, Renata S Leite
OBJECTIVE: South Carolina Dental Association members were surveyed on telehealth knowledge, need, and interest in using it for access to care improvements. METHODS: Dependent variables were Medicaid patient population size (less than or greater than 10%), career stage (early to middle and advanced), and National Health Service Corps participation (yes or no). Practice and provider characteristics were screener questions. Data were collected electronically and analyzed with SAS...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803486/efforts-by-pharmacists-in-community-pharmacy-in-peacetime-for-headache-medical-care-in-emergencies-such-as-great-earthquake-and-disaster
#19
Masakazu Ishii, Hirotaka Katoh, Masaaki Ishibashi, Mizuki Ichikawa, Shinji Kurokawa, Setsuro Tsukada, Hideyo Kasai, Yuji Kiuchi, Sanju Iwamoto
We herein analyzed the issues that pharmacists in a community pharmacy in peacetime need to prepare for regarding headache medical care in emergencies (the state that supply of medical supplies is difficult) using a questionnaire intended for doctors and pharmacists in a community pharmacy. Recovery rates were 48.0% (96/200) for doctors and 37.3% (112/300) for pharmacists. In order to distinguish between patients for whom pharmacists need to "recommend OTC drugs" and those who need to be encouraged "to consult a hospital or clinic", doctors indicated that pharmacists need to use an "assistance tool to diagnosis headaches, such as a migraine screener" and "guidelines for chronic headaches"...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794549/clinicians-use-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-in-clinical-practice-and-decision-making
#20
Gillian J Leichtling, Jessica M Irvine, Christi Hildebran, Deborah J Cohen, Sara E Hallvik, Richard A Deyo
Objectives.:  Little is known about clinicians' use of prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) profiles in decision-making. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how clinicians use, interpret, and integrate PDMP profiles with other information in making clinical decisions. Design.:  Qualitative interviews of clinician PDMP users. Setting.:  Oregon registrants in the state's PDMP. Subjects.:  Thirty-three clinicians practicing in primary care, emergency medicine, pain management, psychiatry, dentistry, and surgery...
June 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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